The Botswana Kgotla system : a mechanism for traditional conflict resolution in modern Botswana : case study of the Kanye Kgotla
ForfatterMoumakwa, Piwane Constance
Botswana with its republic status still has tribal leaders playing a vital role in the development and peaceful progress of its citizens. Chieftainship’s influence in modern Botswana continues to be fundamental to the government and community relations. The Kgotla (meeting place for the tribe) has continued to be central in giving a platform to individuals in exercising their democratic rights. This thesis seeks to look at the Kgotla role in Modern Botswana. The main objective of the thesis is to explore how the Kgotla is functioning and to explore the role it play in addressing conflict arising from within and between its communities in modern Botswana. The Kgotla has seen epitomizing dispute resolution among its local communities. In addition, the Kgotla has handled both civil and minor criminal cases that the Kgotla administer in its stipulated jurisdiction. Hence, this thesis has used restorative justice approach in relation to the ways in which the Kgotla adopts in efforts of preventing and solving community disputes. The data for this thesis was gathered during field work based in Kanye. Observations at the kgotla and oral interviews of tribal leaders and community members were done. The data has revealed that Bogosi (chieftainship) as an integral part of Tswana culture play an important role in promoting peace and stability in the country. It has a vital role in community building by providing a platform where people could come with their problems and with the hope of being helped. Apart from the Kgotla seen as the court or arbitration place; it is also the place for socialization and cultural activities. In conclusion, the observation is that Botswana Kgotla system has been able to mirror with modern developments in the country. It continues to play a role in disputes resolutions at community level.
ForlagUniversitetet i Tromsø
University of Tromsø
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