Recent additions

  • How Peacekeepers Succeed: Investigating the Dynamics of UN Peacekeeping Missions 

    Sagaidak, Andrej (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
    By sending peacekeeping and observer missions to the world’s troubled spots over the past seventy years, the United Nations (UN) has devoted its attention and resources to promoting living standards and human rights throughout the world. Despite this, the peacekeeping missions often fail to establish peace in a turbulent region. What dynamics play into the strategy of the peacekeepers? How can a ...
  • The Al-Anfal Campaign; Genocide or Politicide? A literature study about the basis for the US standpoint towards the Al-Anfal campaign. 

    Abid, Istebrak Khalid (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-22)
    The purpose of this research is to understand why the US didn’t recognize Al-Anfal campaign to be a genocide. A research question was therefore made: Why did the US reject Al-Anfal campaign as a genocide? To answer this question, the definition of both politicide and genocide had to be clearly defined to understand how a conflict could be categorized. This is in order to understand the US point of ...
  • Research on China’s One Belt and Road Initiative. From the perspective of geopolitics 

    Yuan, Jing (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-14)
    The Belt and Road Initiative is a cross-border economic belt initiated and led by the Chinese government in 2013. Its scope covers the history of the Silk Road and the Maritime Silk Road through China, Central Asia, North and West Asia, the Indian Ocean coast, the Mediterranean coast countries and regions. The country and region covered by the initiative are vast, and the impact is therefore enormous. ...
  • Peaceful Japanese Nationalism. A Case Study of Japanese Immigration Policies 

    Munarini, Elena (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-14)
    This case study is a phenomenological analysis of Japanese immigration policies. The objective of this research is to produce a cogent interpretation of why Japanese Immigration Policies are so strict. Societal perspectives have been taken in consideration as one of the important aspects to explore. Japanese Society is considered unique, as it has distinctive principles based on the peace and harmony ...
  • From Victimization to a Culture of Peace: Applying a hybrid conceptual framework to theorize California's victim service organizations as a potential arena for positive peace 

    Olievskiy, Ariana (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
    Every day in American society, acts of violence are committed in the form of trauma, injustice and inequality. Within each victimization looms the potential for further destruction, but also lies an opportunity for healing and a pathway to peace. This thesis considers victim services as the frontline in encountering all forms of latent and overt violence—direct, structural and cultural. The purpose ...
  • Lo afectivo es lo efectivo. Art in the affectionate approach of Casa Mía in Santander, Medellín 

    Aabye, Liv Kaya (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
    This thesis focuses on how art is used in the reconciliation work by Casa Mía, a local civil society organization that drives change in its neighbourhood Santander in Medellín, Colombia. It develops a theoretical frame building upon Bleiker’s (2001, 2017) notions of the ‘faculties of knowledge’ and the ‘new thinking space’, the work of Cohen (2005) and ‘creative placemaking’, a concept from urban ...
  • The relevance of governance and social capital to understanding hybrid threats. Assessing a society's vulnerability and susceptibility towards hybrid threats through governance and social capital 

    Kongstad, Christian (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
    This thesis asks the question: “how can the concepts of governance and social capital contribute to the MCDC-report’s analytical framework to further expose a society’s vulnerabilities and subsequent susceptibility towards hybrid threats”. By using the concepts of hybrid threats (HT) together with governance and social capital (SC) in the aspect of democracy, this thesis looks at the conflict in ...
  • British Togoland Movement: An Offshoot of Historical Creations 

    Laglo, Agbessi (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
    This thesis is an inquiry into the political evolution of British Togoland to identify factors that have contributed to the emergence of British Togoland Movement as well as those factors which continue to foil and sustain it from 1916 till now. The study focuses on colonial activities in Eweland from 1886 to the independence of Ghana in 1956 and how these activities continue to influence opinions ...
  • Peace Education in Guatemala and the Lack Thereof: An Examination of the Effects of the 1998 Educational Reform Following the 1996 Peace Accords. 

    Van der Linden, Maria Elisabeth (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-15)
    This thesis is an examination of the effects of the 1998 educational reform following the 1996 Peace Accords, on education in Guatemala and the extent to which it has constituted peace education. In order to observe the correlation between said educational reform and the final educational result, which was preliminarily assumed to constitute peace education, this research applies the qualitative ...
  • Mobilities and peace 

    Richmond, Oliver; Mac Ginty, Roger (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-04)
    This article considers how an increasingly visible set of mobilities has implications for how peace and conflict are imagined and responded to. We are particularly interested in how these mobilities take form in everyday actions and shape new forms of peace and challenge existing ones. The article considers fixed categories associated with orthodox peace such as the international, borders and the ...
  • A genealogy of mediation in international relations: From ‘analogue’ to ‘digital’ forms of global justice or managed war? 

    Richmond, Oliver (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-22)
    What does it mean to mediate in the contemporary world? During the Cold War, and since, various forms of international intervention have maintained a fragile strategic and territorially sovereign balance between states and their elite leaders, as in Cyprus or the Middle East, or built new states and inculcated new norms. In the post-Cold War era intervention and mediation shifted beyond the balance ...
  • Human rights and the development of a twenty-first century peace architecture: unintended consequences? 

    Richmond, Oliver (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-16)
    The ‘long peace’ of the last twenty-five years has linked various forms of intervention—from development to peacebuilding and humanitarian intervention—with human rights. This ‘interventionary system/order’ model has premised its legitimate authority on expanded versions of human rights, connected to liberal frameworks of democracy, rule of law, and capitalism in order to connect peace more closely ...
  • Rescuing Peacebuilding? Anthropology and Peace Formation 

    Richmond, Oliver (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-25)
    International Relations (IR) and related social science disciplines focusing on peace and conflict studies have enabled a bureaucratic understanding of peacebuilding and a liberal form of peace. This has extended into a neoliberal type of statebuilding. There is now an impressive international architecture for peace, but its engagement with its subjects in everyday contexts has been less impressive. ...
  • The green and the cool: Hybridity, relationality and ethnographic-biographical responses to intervention 

    Richmond, Oliver (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-11)
    Policy debates on conflict research, which are mostly directly used to develop practices of soft intervention (including conflict resolution, peacebuilding and statebuilding), emanate from common epistemic and ontological frameworks. Most have been produced and perpetuated by key institutions in the global North through their encounter with historical direct and structural violence, both North and ...
  • Peace and the Formation of Political Order 

    Richmond, Oliver (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-21)
    Contrary to most debates about state formation, this article outlines an alternative perspective on the shaping of political community – and the international peace architecture – based on the agency of actors engaged in peaceful forms of politics after war. Drawing on long-standing critical debates, it investigates the positive potential of ‘peace formation’, outlining the theoretical development ...
  • How Corruption Affects Vulnerability to Radicalization into Violent Extremism: Examining the Case of Kosovo’s Foreign Fighters 

    Freberg, Tord Skovly (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-10-31)
    This thesis seeks to examine how corruption affects the vulnerability to radicalization into violent extremism by examining the process of radicalization, what makes individuals vulnerable to this process, and how these vulnerabilities are affected by corruption. The assumptions made are further examined through the case of Kosovo. Findings made in this thesis suggest that while corruption is not ...
  • Willkommenskultur in Berlin: A critical discourse analysis of national identity construction in Germany. How is the German public discourse about Willkommenskultur shaped by and a contribution to national identity construction? 

    Tobiassen, Lisa (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-11-05)
    Since the summer of 2015, the ambiguous term Willkommenskultur has been part of the increasingly polarized migration debate in Germany. This ambiguous term is used in a variety of different contexts – political, social, historical – and seems to be part of the process of national identity construction. In using Willkommenskultur several German authors contextualized the term within the historical ...
  • Back to the Future? Revisiting Military Confidence-Building in Europe 

    Schaller, Benjamin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    The last few years have seen a paradigm shift in European security. NATO and Russia are once again stepping up their military activities and building their military arsenals, as deep mistrust and the fear of unintended military escalation seem to have returned. Over the last few decades, such concerns could be mitigated by an interlocking web of arms control and confidence- and security-building ...
  • Многообразие управляемости природными ресурсами в Российской Арктике 

    Ivanova, Aytalina; Stammler, Florian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    У многих коренных народов Арктики есть более длительный опыт взаимодействия с местными природными ресурсами, чем у русских или других государственных народов. Какие именно подходы к управлению ресурсами и территорией существуют у коренных народов? В чем эти подходы отличаются друг от друга? В статье дается анализ отношений двух народов к управлению природными ресурсами на своей земле в условиях ...
  • Fighting for peace: Assessing the role of the government in the Guinea Fowl War of 1994 

    Mohammed, Larry Ibrahim (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-31)
    This thesis is a historical work on the relationship between ethnic groups in the Northern Part of Ghana. There have been several ethnic conflicts in Ghana since Ghana attained independence in 1957. My thesis focuses on the 1994 ethnic conflict between the Konkomba and the Nanumba which eventually attracted allies to both sides of the warring factions. The Konkombas have had a history of violent ...

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