Recent additions

  • The identity conflict of the Csango minority from Romania 

    Borit, Cornel (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2006)
    <p>In the eastern province of Romania, also called Moldavia, lives a minority group of nearly a quarter of a million people named Csangoes, designated by the religious allegiance to the Roman-Catholic Church, and the use of Hungarian language as mother tongue by approximatively 60 000 people. The common literature of the last period has launched the idea that the Csangoes represent a mysterious ...
  • A Study of Recurring Inter-group Conflict in Ethiopia: The Case of Guji and Gedeo, 2018 

    Grindaker, Ingvild Emilie Trabandt (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-11-01)
    In April of 2018 violent conflict broke out between the Guji and Gedeo ethnic groups in southern Ethiopia, after 20 years of apparent stability. It is well established that many conflicts recur over time. This study aims to better understand why the Guji and Gedeo ethnic groups got into violent conflict again in 2018, after 20 years of relative stability. The key objectives are to shed light on what ...
  • Prevention of Violent Extremism’s (PVE) ‘mission creep’ into the Peacebuilding Dispositif: A Case Study of PBF Funded Peacebuilding Projects in Kyrgyzstan 

    Darvell, Heidi Alexandra (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-06-02)
    This thesis explores the shift of focus in peacebuilding projects that has been funded by UN Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) in Kyrgyzstan. After the ethnic violence in 2010, UN was invited to perform peacebuilding in the country. This was funded through the PBF, a branch of the so- called UN Peacebuilding Architecture. However, in 2017 the peacebuilding projects shifted focus and started doing Prevention ...
  • The Causes Radicalising the Youth in South-Eastern Turkey. A Critical Approach 

    Keskin, Erhan Mutlu (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-06-01)
    There are various causal and contributing factors for radicalisation, depending on the unique perceptions of each individual, society, or region. This thesis seeks to find out causal factors radicalising the young population in south-eastern Turkey, through semi-structured interviews and non-participant observation. Radicalisation is being handled critically in this thesis. It is not always supposed ...
  • Did the UN miss with the Protection of Civilians in South Sudan? Exploring perspectives and perceptions of the UN protecting policies for the United Nations peacekeeping mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) 

    Blindheim, Andrea (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-31)
    The aim of this thesis is to explore the different perceptions and perspectives regarding the UN’s Protection of Civilians (PoC) policy and the use of the policy in the ongoing peace operation in South Sudan. As the UN is utilizing the PoC policy in the majority of their ongoing peace operations, there is bound to be different perspectives and perceptions of the policy from civilians in the host ...
  • Group identity in Hong Kong; simply ‘black’ or ‘white’? Narratives of Hong Kong citizens among two generations during the 2019 summer protests 

    Wong, Julia (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-06-02)
    During the summer of 2019, the largest protests in Hong Kong’s history occurred. The Be Water protests were related to a proposed extradition law, they were also connected to pro-democracy movements in Hong Kong. In the protests, a lot of the slogans referred to a Hong Kong identity separate from a Chinese identity. The two identities seemed to be seen as two contrasting identities and dichotomy, ...
  • An exploration of nationalist narratives and poetic agency on the road across Cuba 

    Ryan, Sergio (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-06-02)
    This master’s thesis investigates the role of language and expression in normalizing structural violence in Cuba and the capacity of poets to change these structures. Cuba’s nationalist narratives are examined from the top-down, while the capacity of Cuban poets to lead social change and political transition is explored from the bottom-up. Fieldwork for data collection took place in May and June ...
  • Advocating for dissent: An investigation into why and how sections of civil society advocate for dissent in Kenya from 2013 – 2019 

    Rushwaya, Thembinkosi Kristofero M'thembo (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-06-02)
    The concept of civil society in Africa attracts large criticisms that hold the ostensible notion that it is purely western and incompatible with African societies. Efforts and activities of sections within civil society have been brandished illegitimate owing to the vast track of foreign funding they receive to commence the said activities. This raises questions when one looks at the dissenting ...
  • A Step towards Resilience : Response to the Conflict-Induced Displacement in the West-Guji and Gedeo Zones of Ethiopia 2018 

    Sackey, Richmond El-Nathan (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-06-02)
    This study seeks to explore an understanding into the multi-actor resilient approach that was adapted as a response to the conflict-induced displacement situation that occurred in the West-Guji and Gedeo Zones of Ethiopia 2018. The study draws on semi-structured interviews, observations and some reports and proposals from aid workers, displaced people or returnees, government officials ...
  • An investigation of leaders’ perspectives on structural violence and its implication for peacebuilding: A case study of Harare, Zimbabwe 

    Dombo, Tonderai (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-06-01)
    Abstract Structural violence remains largely unaddressed and its invisibility means that it becomes naturalised in many societies. This research uses a conceptualisation of structural violence and that of liberal peace to show that leaders in historical marginalised societies whose power is built upon rhetoric to end historical inequalities can be useful allies to peace practitioners in addressing ...
  • A Green Peace. How Implementing a Peace Ecology Paradigm in Post-Conflict Situations can create an Atmosphere where Positive Peace may Blossom 

    Sauret, Marisa (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-06-01)
    Positive peace has not yet been achieved worldwide. The closest version of ‘peace’ one can see is a negative sort that is full of different forms of violence. If we want to see positive peace, structural ecological violence must be addressed. This thesis takes the premise that the natural environment is the missing key to peace. I argue that taking an environmental perspective to current peace ...
  • Constructing Climate Change as the Enemy of the State and l’État c’est moi. A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Contemporary Environmental Policies in China 

    Aaskjær Braathen, Vemund (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-31)
    In this thesis, I am critically assessing contemporary environmental discourse at the governmental level in China. Taking the perspective of the Copenhagen School’s securitization theory, this thesis dwells on the question of how the Chinese government might attempt to use discourse in official policies in order to securitize the question of climate change. To answer this question, I have collected ...
  • How does imagery matter for activists dissemination of their ideas and political mobilization? A case study of the exposure of the fur industry in Norway. 

    Dahlberg, Jeanett (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-06-02)
    Imagery can be a powerful tool to raise awareness in a society, with research showing that imagery can realize both social and political change. Media plays an important role by setting the agenda of what is important, and the media can therefore have a significant role for activists when disseminating their images. This study aims to determine and analyse the effect imagery can have on a society ...
  • “HEAR ME OUT!” - JUVENILE JUSTICE, PEACE and THE CHILD’S RIGHT TO BE HEARD IN ROMANIA AND NORWAY 

    Comsa, Roxana Marilena (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-29)
    “If you want peace, work for justice.” – Pope Paul VI This paper explores how the children’s right to be heard is implemented in the criminal proceedings in Romania and Norway. The judicial practices in the two countries are analysed in relation to four elements identified in the literature as relevant to the child’s right to be heard- space, voice, audience and influence. The two juvenile ...
  • Ethnicity, Belonging and Identity among the Eastern Gurage of Ethiopia 

    Woldeselassie, Zerihun A (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-05-27)
    In this paper, I will analyse a case of ethnic transformation in post-1991 Ethiopia based on an ethnographic study of the Eastern Gurage. The case represents an ethnic setting where the conventional conceptualization of ethnicity in terms of a notion of origin undermines the diversities expressed in various forms of category and boundary formations. The ethnic setting does not also fall into, but ...
  • Psychosocial Support and Emergency Education: An Explorative Study of Perceptions among Adult Stakeholders in Sudan and South Sudan 

    Heltne, Unni Marie; Dybdahl, Ragnhild; Sherif, Suliama; Breidlid, Anders (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-14)
    The link between education and psychosocial wellbeing is important, but complex. This study seeks to explore stakeholder’s views on the role of school education in the psychosocial support and wellbeing of children in the context of Sudan and South Sudan. Qualitative interviews were conducted among teachers, parents, counsellors, and NGO staff who were stakeholders in terms of providing education ...
  • Pipeline resistance in the United States: How the Dakota Access Pipeline resistance has affected Indigenous people in their continued resistance against pipelines 

    Svendsen, Ida Helen Skum (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
    This thesis is focused on pipeline resistance in the United States, specifically drawing from the Dakota Access Pipeline resistance and the current resistance against Line 3 in Minnesota. Indigenous peoples from all over the globe became engaged in resisting the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) and there were predictions made about the future in terms of how meaningful this resistance was. The resistance ...
  • Trust, Distrust, and Security: An Untrustworthy Immigrant in a Trusting Community 

    Bilgic, Ali; Hoogensen Gjørv, Gunhild; Wilcock, Cathy (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2019-09-15)
    In security studies, there is an unquestioned assumption of a linear link between trust and security. However, such an assumption neglects complex identity dynamics that can be involved in trust‐building discourses for engendering security. There needs to be greater examination into what is meant by trust, and upon what, and whom, and how the politics of identity works in social trust building and ...
  • Niches of agency: managing state-region relations through law in Russia 

    Fondahl, Gail; Filippova, Viktoriya; Savvinova, Antonina; Ivanova, Aytalina; Stammler, Florian; Hoogensen Gjørv, Gunhild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-09)
    State-region relations involve negotiations over the power to (re)-constitute local spaces. While in federal states, power-sharing ostensibly gives regions a role over many space-making decisions, power asymmetries affect this role. Where centralization trends may erode regional agency, law can provide an important tool by which regions can assert influence. We examine a case where, in response to ...
  • Interventionary order and its methodologies: the relationship between peace and intervention 

    Richmond, Oliver (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-19)
    Recently there have been calls from policymakers around the world for practically engaged research to produce evidence-based policy for peace, security and development. Policymakers aim to align three types of methodological approaches to knowledge about peace, security and development in international order: methodological liberalism at state and international levels, aligned with ‘methodological ...

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