Recent additions

  • Climate change in context: putting people first in the Arctic 

    Huntington, Henry P.; Carey, Mark; Apok, Charlene; Forbes, Bruce C.; Fox, Shari; Holm, Lene K; Ivanova, Aytalina; Jaypoody, Jacob; Noongwook, George; Stammler, Florian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-06)
    Climate change is a major challenge to Arctic and other Indigenous peoples, but not the only and often not the most pressing one. We propose re-framing the treatment of climate change in policy and research, to make sure health, poverty, education, cultural vitality, equity, justice, and other topics highlighted by the people themselves and not just climate science also get the attention they ...
  • Does international elite sporting success or hosting major events affect self-rated health? An examination of potential positive externalities related to international sporting tournaments 

    Storm, Rasmus K.; Jakobsen, Tor Georg (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-11-22)
    Research question: It is a common expectation among politicians, civil servants and sport managers that hosting a major sporting event or achieving international elite sport success yields a variety of positive externalities grounded in the “Virtuous Circle of Elite Sport and Events” model. However, over the years various studies have shown that this model is not necessarily an accurate depiction ...
  • Why International Pressure Is Not Helping End Violence in Ethiopia 

    Woldeselassie, Zerihun A (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07)
    Eight months into the conflict in the Tigray region of Ethiopia, it’s estimated that thousands are dead, 1.7 million are displaced, and hundreds of thousands are living in famine conditions. Despite intense pressure and punitive measures, the international response—led mainly by the United States (US) and the European Union (EU)—is not helping. Some critics have labeled the response a mistake. Others ...
  • The future of UN peace operations: Principled adaptation through phases of contraction, moderation, and renewal 

    Coning, Cedric de (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-05)
    This article considers the future of UN peace operations through a complexity theory lens. In the short-term peacekeeping will have to adapt to the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic and the fall-out of the Trump presidency. In the medium-term peacekeeping will go through a phase of uncertainty and turbulence due to geopolitical power shifts in the global order. In the longer-term peacekeeping ...
  • Identity, stability, Hybrid Threats and Disinformation 

    Freedman, Jane; Hoogensen Gjørv, Gunhild; Razakamaharavo, Velomahanina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-01)
    The following article examines the relevance of gender and intersectional analyses to better understanding hybrid threats, in particular those that are increasingly targeting civilian environments. The authors first present relevant concepts including hybrid threats and warfare, resilience, disinformation, civilian agency, and intersectionality as a method. Thereafter they discuss how disinformation ...
  • Ethnicity, Belonging and Identity among the Eastern Gurage of Ethiopia 

    Woldeselassie, Zerihun A (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-05-27)
    In this paper, I will analyse a case of ethnic transformation in post-1991 Ethiopia based on an ethnographic study of the Eastern Gurage. The case represents an ethnic setting where the conventional conceptualization of ethnicity in terms of a notion of origin undermines the diversities expressed in various forms of category and boundary formations. The ethnic setting does not also fall into, but ...
  • Psychosocial Support and Emergency Education: An Explorative Study of Perceptions among Adult Stakeholders in Sudan and South Sudan 

    Heltne, Unni Marie; Dybdahl, Ragnhild; Sherif, Suliama; Breidlid, Anders (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-14)
    The link between education and psychosocial wellbeing is important, but complex. This study seeks to explore stakeholder’s views on the role of school education in the psychosocial support and wellbeing of children in the context of Sudan and South Sudan. Qualitative interviews were conducted among teachers, parents, counsellors, and NGO staff who were stakeholders in terms of providing education ...
  • Trust, Distrust, and Security: An Untrustworthy Immigrant in a Trusting Community 

    Bilgic, Ali; Hoogensen Gjørv, Gunhild; Wilcock, Cathy (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2019-09-15)
    In security studies, there is an unquestioned assumption of a linear link between trust and security. However, such an assumption neglects complex identity dynamics that can be involved in trust‐building discourses for engendering security. There needs to be greater examination into what is meant by trust, and upon what, and whom, and how the politics of identity works in social trust building and ...
  • Niches of agency: managing state-region relations through law in Russia 

    Fondahl, Gail; Filippova, Viktoriya; Savvinova, Antonina; Ivanova, Aytalina; Stammler, Florian; Hoogensen Gjørv, Gunhild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-09)
    State-region relations involve negotiations over the power to (re)-constitute local spaces. While in federal states, power-sharing ostensibly gives regions a role over many space-making decisions, power asymmetries affect this role. Where centralization trends may erode regional agency, law can provide an important tool by which regions can assert influence. We examine a case where, in response to ...
  • Interventionary order and its methodologies: the relationship between peace and intervention 

    Richmond, Oliver (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-19)
    Recently there have been calls from policymakers around the world for practically engaged research to produce evidence-based policy for peace, security and development. Policymakers aim to align three types of methodological approaches to knowledge about peace, security and development in international order: methodological liberalism at state and international levels, aligned with ‘methodological ...
  • Researching Ethnicity and Ethnic Politics Using a Single Case Study Method 

    Woldeselassie, Zerihun A (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2019)
    This case is a study on ethnic politics in Ethiopia, using an interpretive methodology in the present context of the growing importance of ethnicity in politics across the globe. It primarily focuses on the ways in which a single case study on ethnicity and politics could be empirically performed. The case helps to understand the advantages and challenges of a single case study method in researching ...
  • Arctic Exceptionalism’ or ‘comprehensive security’? Understanding security in the Arctic 

    Hoogensen Gjørv, Gunhild; Hodgson, Kara Kathleen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2019-11-12)
    Since Mikhail Gorbachev’s icebreaking Murmansk speech in 1987, the Arctic has been considered to be an “exceptional” region of peace and cooperation in security studies. While acknowledging the relevance of this narrative, this article nevertheless argues the “Arctic exceptionalism” narrative is insufficient for understanding the complex security situation in the region. The lens of comprehensive ...
  • Mobilities and peace 

    Richmond, Oliver; Mac Ginty, Roger (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-04)
    This article considers how an increasingly visible set of mobilities has implications for how peace and conflict are imagined and responded to. We are particularly interested in how these mobilities take form in everyday actions and shape new forms of peace and challenge existing ones. The article considers fixed categories associated with orthodox peace such as the international, borders and the ...
  • A genealogy of mediation in international relations: From ‘analogue’ to ‘digital’ forms of global justice or managed war? 

    Richmond, Oliver (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-22)
    What does it mean to mediate in the contemporary world? During the Cold War, and since, various forms of international intervention have maintained a fragile strategic and territorially sovereign balance between states and their elite leaders, as in Cyprus or the Middle East, or built new states and inculcated new norms. In the post-Cold War era intervention and mediation shifted beyond the balance ...
  • Human rights and the development of a twenty-first century peace architecture: unintended consequences? 

    Richmond, Oliver (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-16)
    The ‘long peace’ of the last twenty-five years has linked various forms of intervention—from development to peacebuilding and humanitarian intervention—with human rights. This ‘interventionary system/order’ model has premised its legitimate authority on expanded versions of human rights, connected to liberal frameworks of democracy, rule of law, and capitalism in order to connect peace more closely ...
  • Rescuing Peacebuilding? Anthropology and Peace Formation 

    Richmond, Oliver (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-25)
    International Relations (IR) and related social science disciplines focusing on peace and conflict studies have enabled a bureaucratic understanding of peacebuilding and a liberal form of peace. This has extended into a neoliberal type of statebuilding. There is now an impressive international architecture for peace, but its engagement with its subjects in everyday contexts has been less impressive. ...
  • The green and the cool: Hybridity, relationality and ethnographic-biographical responses to intervention 

    Richmond, Oliver (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-11)
    Policy debates on conflict research, which are mostly directly used to develop practices of soft intervention (including conflict resolution, peacebuilding and statebuilding), emanate from common epistemic and ontological frameworks. Most have been produced and perpetuated by key institutions in the global North through their encounter with historical direct and structural violence, both North and ...
  • Peace and the Formation of Political Order 

    Richmond, Oliver (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-21)
    Contrary to most debates about state formation, this article outlines an alternative perspective on the shaping of political community – and the international peace architecture – based on the agency of actors engaged in peaceful forms of politics after war. Drawing on long-standing critical debates, it investigates the positive potential of ‘peace formation’, outlining the theoretical development ...
  • Back to the Future? Revisiting Military Confidence-Building in Europe 

    Schaller, Benjamin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    The last few years have seen a paradigm shift in European security. NATO and Russia are once again stepping up their military activities and building their military arsenals, as deep mistrust and the fear of unintended military escalation seem to have returned. Over the last few decades, such concerns could be mitigated by an interlocking web of arms control and confidence- and security-building ...
  • Многообразие управляемости природными ресурсами в Российской Арктике 

    Ivanova, Aytalina; Stammler, Florian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    У многих коренных народов Арктики есть более длительный опыт взаимодействия с местными природными ресурсами, чем у русских или других государственных народов. Какие именно подходы к управлению ресурсами и территорией существуют у коренных народов? В чем эти подходы отличаются друг от друга? В статье дается анализ отношений двух народов к управлению природными ресурсами на своей земле в условиях ...

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