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dc.contributor.authorQuigley, Cornelius Patrick
dc.contributor.authorJohansson, Anna Malin Kristin
dc.contributor.authorJones, Cathleen Elaine
dc.contributor.authorHolt, Benjamin
dc.description.abstractA method for differentiating marine oil slicks from radar-dark, low wind areas in open water using rapid repeat SAR imagery is reported. The study uses data acquired by the airborne UAVSAR L-band SAR instrument, imaging the Coal Oil Point seep field near Santa Barbara, California. Time-series of images from three different days are analyzed, all containing both verified oil slicks and low wind zones. We propose a method to derive high confidence oil/open water maps by exploiting the differences in spatial and temporal evolution between the low wind zones and oil slicks over time scales of ∼1-3.5 hours. Our method uses the standard deviation of the backscatter intensity for ensembles of co-located SAR pixels and is sufficiently simple and generic to be applied in near-real-time and without special processing code. The derived maps are compared to images of the ocean surface obtained by cameras mounted on a boat surveying the seep field simultaneously with the SAR. The imagery is manually classified into 1) confirmed oil, 2) likely oil, and 3) open water classes. Our results show ∼1 – 7 dB difference between the SAR-derived mean standard deviation values of the confirmed/likely oil classes compared to the open water class. The minimum number of scenes needed to distinguish between areas of high likelihood of open water and oil slick was determined to be 3 – 5 scenes, spanning 50 – 80 minutes, depending on the spatial extent and persistence of the low wind zones in the imagery.en_US
dc.identifier.citationQuigley, Johansson, Jones, Holt. Distinguishing Mineral Oil Slicks from Low Wind Areas using Rapid Repeat Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing. 2024en_US
dc.identifier.cristinIDFRIDAID 2255796
dc.relation.journalIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
dc.relation.projectIDNorges forskningsråd: 237906en_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2024 The Author(s)en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)en_US
dc.titleDistinguishing Mineral Oil Slicks from Low Wind Areas using Rapid Repeat Synthetic Aperture Radar Imageryen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
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