Now showing items 1-20 of 141

    • 3D visualization of weather forecasts and topography 

      Skotnes, Harald; Hartvigsen, Gunnar; Johansen, Dag (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 1994-09)
      Advances in computing power and graphics have increased the use of graphics in weather forecasting. This includes 3D animation sequences and geographical information systems. The paper addresses the main problems and presents preliminary results of the visualization of atmospheric models in conjunction with the underlying topography. The goal is among others to make a sort of 3D satellite pictures ...
    • Access control protocol with node privacy in wireless sensor networks 

      Kumar, Pardeep; Gurtov, Andrei; Iinatti, Jari; Sain, Mangal; Ha, Hoai Phuong (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-15)
      For preventing malicious nodes joining wireless sensor networks (WSNs), an access control mechanism is necessary for the trustworthy cooperation between the nodes. In addition to access control, recently, privacy has been an important topic regarding how to achieve privacy without disclosing the real identity of communicating entities in the WSNs. Based on elliptic curve cryptography, in this paper, ...
    • Adding mobility to non-mobile web robots 

      Sudmann, Nils P.; Johansen, Dag (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2000)
      In this paper we will show that it is possible to combine mobile agent technology with existing non-mobile data mining applications. The motivation for this is the advantage mobile agents offer in moving the computation closer to the data in a distributed system. This can save bandwidth and increase performance when the data is condensed as a result of data mining.
    • App Features for Type 1 Diabetes Support and Patient Empowerment: Systematic Literature Review and Benchmark Comparison 

      Martínez-Millana, Antonio; Jarones, Elena; Fernandez-Llatas, Carlos; Hartvigsen, Gunnar; Traver, Vicente (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      <p><i>Background</i>: Research in type 1 diabetes management has increased exponentially since the irruption of mobile health apps for its remote and self-management. Despite this fact, the features affect in the disease management and patient empowerment are adopted by app makers and provided to the general population remain unexplored.</p> <p><i>Objective</i>: To study the gap between literature ...
    • Appendix E Telemedisinske løsninger i maritime operasjoner og redningstjeneste 

      Woldaregay, Ashenafi Zebene; Hartvigsen, Gunnar; Walderhaug, Ståle (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2016)
      Folk som jobber i maritime miljø har ikke enkel tilgang til sentrale helsetjenester, og det gjelder spesielt for sjøfolk som arbeider i arktiske områder. Selv om telemedisin har vært en suksess på land, har telemedisin kun i begrenset grad blitt tatt i bruk til havs. Dette skyldes blant annet fravær av gode kommunikasjonsløsninger, dårlige værforhold, store avstander og lange perioder utenfor ...
    • An approach towards an agent computing environment 

      Marzullo, Keith; Johansen, Dag; Lauvset, Kåre J. (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 1998)
      We devise a mobile agent middleware architecture for supporting distributed applications in a wide-area network. The architecture provides a structural framework for functional components that are needed to support mobile agents in asymmetric networking environments.
    • Arctic beans containers composition of non-functional services using composition filters 

      Yang, Jie; Blair, Gordon S.; Andersen, Anders (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2005)
      It is becoming clear that modern middleware platforms must provide both deploy-time configuration and run-time reconfiguration to accommodate rapid changing requirements and also to be able to operate in dynamic environments. J2EE is a key example of a middleware architecture that supports enterprise applications via its Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) component model. EJB provides limited configurability ...
    • Are health videos from hospitals, health organizations, and active users available to health consumers? An analysis of diabetes health video ranking in YouTube 

      Fernandez-Llatas, Carlos; Traver, Vicente; Morell, José Enrique Borrás; Martinez-Millana, Antonio; Karlsen, Randi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-24)
      Health consumers are increasingly using the Internet to search for health information. The existence of overloaded, inaccurate, obsolete, or simply incorrect health information available on the Internet is a serious obstacle for finding relevant and good-quality data that actually helps patients. Search engines of multimedia Internet platforms are thought to help users to find relevant information ...
    • Authorization and access control in a distributed file repository 

      Arild, Ronny; Stabell-Kulø, Tage (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 1999-01-18)
      A distributed file repository is described. It supports interaction between different machines used by a single user, as well as between users that share data. Files can be replicated and consistency will be maintained, or files can be shipped (copied) to a remote site. As with more traditional systems, the servers are trusted not to leak information. However, the rôle servers play is not as much ...
    • Building agent applications using wrappers 

      Sudmann, Nils P.; Johansen, Dag (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2001-01-11)
      For the past seven years, the TACOMA project has investigated software support for mobile agents. Several prototypes have been developed, with experiences in distributed applications directing the effort. This paper presents a new mechanism that supports implementing agent applications by creating troops of agents using wrappers. This solution requires little extra support from the agent system, and ...
    • Continuation-passing enactment of distributed recoverable workflows 

      Weihei, Yu; Yang, Jie (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2006)
      Scalability, reliability and adaptability are among the key requirements for the enactment of distributed workflows. In addition, system resources should be efficiently utilized. Central workflow engines and static analysis of workflow specifications are some of the important obstacles to meeting these requirements. We propose a fully decentralized approach to workflow enactment that is not subject ...
    • Convolutional Neural Network for Breathing Phase Detection in Lung Sounds 

      Jacome, Cristina; Ravn, Johan; Holsbø, Einar; Aviles-Solis, Juan Carlos; Melbye, Hasse; Ailo Bongo, Lars (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-15)
      We applied deep learning to create an algorithm for breathing phase detection in lung sound recordings, and we compared the breathing phases detected by the algorithm and manually annotated by two experienced lung sound researchers. Our algorithm uses a convolutional neural network with spectrograms as the features, removing the need to specify features explicitly. We trained and evaluated the ...
    • Cooperation through information interchange in StormCast 

      Hartvigsen, Gunnar; Johansen, Dag (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 1990)
      This paper addresses the cooperation between different expert system modules in a networking environment. StormCast - a distributed artificial intelligence application for severe storm forecasting is used as a case to obtain practical results. Two key aspects is investigated, first the representation of knowledge in this kind of environment is outlined. Then the cooperating nature of a group of ...
    • Data-driven blood glucose pattern classification and anomalies detection: Machine-learning applications in Type 1 diabetes 

      Woldaregay, Ashenafi Zebene; Årsand, Eirik; Botsis, Taxiarchis; Albers, David; Mamykina, Lena; Hartvigsen, Gunnar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-01)
      <p><i>Background - </i>Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder that results in abnormal blood glucose (BG) regulations. The BG level is preferably maintained close to normality through self-management practices, which involves actively tracking BG levels and taking proper actions including adjusting diet and insulin medications. BG anomalies could be defined as any undesirable reading ...
    • Data-intensive computing infrastructure systems for unmodified biological data analysis pipelines 

      Bongo, Lars Ailo; Pedersen, Edvard; Ernstsen, Martin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-11-18)
      Biological data analysis is typically implemented using a deep pipeline that combines a wide array of tools and databases. These pipelines must scale to very large datasets, and consequently require parallel and distributed computing. It is therefore important to choose a hardware platform and underlying data management and processing systems well suited for processing large datasets. There are many ...
    • A Declarative Profile Model for Qos negotiation 

      Hanssen, Øyvind (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2005-12)
      In this report we define the semantics of a language for dynamic QoS expressions which can be evaluated at run-time for conformance. We define how expressions can be constructed from atomic expressions termed ’basic profiles’ using composition operators. Two such operators are defined: The sum ( ’+’ ) which corresponds to simple conjunction and component-sum (’Å’) which assume that the operands ...
    • Deep learning and hand-crafted feature based approaches for polyp detection in medical videos 

      Pogorelov, Konstantin; Ostroukhova, Olga; Jeppsson, Mattis; Espeland, Håvard; Griwodz, Carsten; de Lange, Thomas; Riegler, Michael; Halvorsen, Pål (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-23)
      Video analysis including classification, segmentation or tagging is one of the most challenging but also interesting topics multimedia research currently try to tackle. This is often related to videos from surveillance cameras or social media. In the last years, also medical institutions produce more and more video and image content. Some areas of medical image analysis, like radiology or brain ...
    • DeltaTree: A Locality-aware Concurrent Search Tree 

      Umar, Ibrahim; Anshus, Otto; Ha, Hoai Phuong (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-06-15)
      Like other fundamental abstractions for high-performance computing, search trees need to support both high concurrency and data locality. However, existing locality-aware search trees based on the van Emde Boas layout (vEB-based trees), poorly support concurrent (update) operations. We present DeltaTree, a practical locality-aware concurrent search tree that integrates both locality-optimization ...
    • DeltaTree: A Practical Locality-aware Concurrent Search Tree 

      Umar, Ibrahim; Anshus, Otto; Ha, Hoai Phuong (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2013)
      As other fundamental programming abstractions in energy-e cient computing, search trees are expected to support both high parallelism and data locality. However, existing highly-concurrent search trees such as red-black trees and AVL trees do not consider data locality while existing locality-aware search trees such as those based on the van Emde Boas layout (vEB-based trees), poorly support ...
    • Description of spatio-temporal gait parameters in elderly people and their association with history of falls: Results of the population-based cross-sectional KORA-Age study 

      Thaler-Kall, Kathrin; Peters, Annette; Thorand, Barbara; Grill, Eva; Autenrieth, Christine S.; Horsch, Alexander; Meisinger, Christa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-03-25)
      Background: In this epidemiological study we described the characteristics of spatio-temporal gait parameters among a representative, population-based sample of 890 community-dwelling people aged 65 to 90 years. In addition, we investigated the associations between certain gait parameters and a history of falls in study participants. <p>Methods: In descriptive analyses spatio-temporal gait parameters ...