Now showing items 1-20 of 169

    • 3D visualization of weather forecasts and topography 

      Skotnes, Harald; Hartvigsen, Gunnar; Johansen, Dag (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 1994-09)
      Advances in computing power and graphics have increased the use of graphics in weather forecasting. This includes 3D animation sequences and geographical information systems. The paper addresses the main problems and presents preliminary results of the visualization of atmospheric models in conjunction with the underlying topography. The goal is among others to make a sort of 3D satellite pictures ...
    • Acceptance barriers of using patients’ self-collected health data during medical consultation 

      Giordanengo, Alain; Årsand, Eirik; Grøttland, Astrid; Bradway, Meghan; Hartvigsen, Gunnar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Patients increasingly collect health-related data using mobile health apps and sensors. Studies have shown that this data can be beneficial for both clinicians and patients if used during medical consultations. However, such data is almost never used outside controlled situations or medical trials. This paper explains why the usage of self-collected health data is not widespread by identifying ...
    • Access control protocol with node privacy in wireless sensor networks 

      Kumar, Pardeep; Gurtov, Andrei; Iinatti, Jari; Sain, Mangal; Ha, Hoai Phuong (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-15)
      For preventing malicious nodes joining wireless sensor networks (WSNs), an access control mechanism is necessary for the trustworthy cooperation between the nodes. In addition to access control, recently, privacy has been an important topic regarding how to achieve privacy without disclosing the real identity of communicating entities in the WSNs. Based on elliptic curve cryptography, in this paper, ...
    • Adding mobility to non-mobile web robots 

      Sudmann, Nils P.; Johansen, Dag (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2000)
      In this paper we will show that it is possible to combine mobile agent technology with existing non-mobile data mining applications. The motivation for this is the advantage mobile agents offer in moving the computation closer to the data in a distributed system. This can save bandwidth and increase performance when the data is condensed as a result of data mining.
    • App Features for Type 1 Diabetes Support and Patient Empowerment: Systematic Literature Review and Benchmark Comparison 

      Martínez-Millana, Antonio; Jarones, Elena; Fernandez-Llatas, Carlos; Hartvigsen, Gunnar; Traver, Vicente (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      <p><i>Background</i>: Research in type 1 diabetes management has increased exponentially since the irruption of mobile health apps for its remote and self-management. Despite this fact, the features affect in the disease management and patient empowerment are adopted by app makers and provided to the general population remain unexplored.</p> <p><i>Objective</i>: To study the gap between literature ...
    • Appendix E Telemedisinske løsninger i maritime operasjoner og redningstjeneste 

      Woldaregay, Ashenafi Zebene; Hartvigsen, Gunnar; Walderhaug, Ståle (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2016)
      Folk som jobber i maritime miljø har ikke enkel tilgang til sentrale helsetjenester, og det gjelder spesielt for sjøfolk som arbeider i arktiske områder. Selv om telemedisin har vært en suksess på land, har telemedisin kun i begrenset grad blitt tatt i bruk til havs. Dette skyldes blant annet fravær av gode kommunikasjonsløsninger, dårlige værforhold, store avstander og lange perioder utenfor ...
    • An approach towards an agent computing environment 

      Marzullo, Keith; Johansen, Dag; Lauvset, Kåre J. (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 1998)
      We devise a mobile agent middleware architecture for supporting distributed applications in a wide-area network. The architecture provides a structural framework for functional components that are needed to support mobile agents in asymmetric networking environments.
    • Arctic beans containers composition of non-functional services using composition filters 

      Yang, Jie; Blair, Gordon S.; Andersen, Anders (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2005)
      It is becoming clear that modern middleware platforms must provide both deploy-time configuration and run-time reconfiguration to accommodate rapid changing requirements and also to be able to operate in dynamic environments. J2EE is a key example of a middleware architecture that supports enterprise applications via its Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) component model. EJB provides limited configurability ...
    • Are health videos from hospitals, health organizations, and active users available to health consumers? An analysis of diabetes health video ranking in YouTube 

      Fernandez-Llatas, Carlos; Traver, Vicente; Morell, José Enrique Borrás; Martinez-Millana, Antonio; Karlsen, Randi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-24)
      Health consumers are increasingly using the Internet to search for health information. The existence of overloaded, inaccurate, obsolete, or simply incorrect health information available on the Internet is a serious obstacle for finding relevant and good-quality data that actually helps patients. Search engines of multimedia Internet platforms are thought to help users to find relevant information ...
    • Are object detection assessment criteria ready for maritime computer vision? 

      Prasad, Dilip K.; Dong, Huixu; Rajan, Deepu; Quek, Chai (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-25)
      Maritime vessels equipped with visible and infrared cameras can complement other conventional sensors for object detection. However, application of computer vision techniques in maritime domain received attention only recently. The maritime environment offers its own unique requirements and challenges. Assessment of the quality of detections is a fundamental need in computer vision. However, the ...
    • Authorization and access control in a distributed file repository 

      Arild, Ronny; Stabell-Kulø, Tage (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 1999-01-18)
      A distributed file repository is described. It supports interaction between different machines used by a single user, as well as between users that share data. Files can be replicated and consistency will be maintained, or files can be shipped (copied) to a remote site. As with more traditional systems, the servers are trusted not to leak information. However, the rôle servers play is not as much ...
    • Building agent applications using wrappers 

      Sudmann, Nils P.; Johansen, Dag (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2001-01-11)
      For the past seven years, the TACOMA project has investigated software support for mobile agents. Several prototypes have been developed, with experiences in distributed applications directing the effort. This paper presents a new mechanism that supports implementing agent applications by creating troops of agents using wrappers. This solution requires little extra support from the agent system, and ...
    • Cloudless Friend-to-Friend Middleware for Smartphones 

      Arnes, Jo Inge; Karlsen, Randi (Peer reviewed; Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2019-11-13)
      Using smartphones for peer-to-peer communication over the Internet is difficult without the aid of centralized services. These centralized services, which usually reside in the cloud, are necessary for brokering communication between peers, and all communication must pass through them. A reason for this is that smartphones lack publicly reachable IP addresses. Also, because people carry their ...
    • Collision-free path finding for dynamic gaming and real time robot navigation 

      Bamal, Roopam (Peer reviewed; Book; Chapter, 2020-02-13)
      Collision-free path finding is crucial for multi-agent traversing environments like gaming systems. An efficient and accurate technique is proposed for avoiding collisions with potential obstacles in virtual and real time environments. Potential field is a coherent technique but it eventuates with various problems like static map usage and pre-calculated potential field map of the environment. It ...
    • Comparison of deep learning models for multivariate prediction of time series wind power generation and temperature 

      Mishra, Sambeet; Bordin, Chiara; Taharaguchi, Kota; Palu, Ivo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-02)
      Wind power experienced a substantial growth over the past decade especially because it has been seen as one of the best ways towards meeting climate change and emissions targets by many countries. Since wind power is not fully dispatchable, the accuracy of wind forecasts is a key element for the electric system operators, as it strongly affects the decision-making processes. The planning horizon can ...
    • Continuation-passing enactment of distributed recoverable workflows 

      Weihei, Yu; Yang, Jie (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2006)
      Scalability, reliability and adaptability are among the key requirements for the enactment of distributed workflows. In addition, system resources should be efficiently utilized. Central workflow engines and static analysis of workflow specifications are some of the important obstacles to meeting these requirements. We propose a fully decentralized approach to workflow enactment that is not subject ...
    • Convolutional Neural Network for Breathing Phase Detection in Lung Sounds 

      Jacome, Cristina; Ravn, Johan; Holsbø, Einar; Aviles-Solis, Juan Carlos; Melbye, Hasse; Ailo Bongo, Lars (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-15)
      We applied deep learning to create an algorithm for breathing phase detection in lung sound recordings, and we compared the breathing phases detected by the algorithm and manually annotated by two experienced lung sound researchers. Our algorithm uses a convolutional neural network with spectrograms as the features, removing the need to specify features explicitly. We trained and evaluated the ...
    • Cooperation through information interchange in StormCast 

      Hartvigsen, Gunnar; Johansen, Dag (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 1990)
      This paper addresses the cooperation between different expert system modules in a networking environment. StormCast - a distributed artificial intelligence application for severe storm forecasting is used as a case to obtain practical results. Two key aspects is investigated, first the representation of knowledge in this kind of environment is outlined. Then the cooperating nature of a group of ...
    • Data-Driven and Artificial Intelligence (AI) Approach for Modelling and Analyzing Healthcare Security Practice: A Systematic Review 

      Yeng, Prosper; Nweke, Livinus Obiora; Woldaregay, Ashenafi Zebene; Yang, Bian; Snekkenes, Einar Arthur (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03)
      Data breaches in healthcare continue to grow exponentially, calling for a rethinking into better approaches of security measures towards mitigating the menace. Traditional approaches including technological measures, have significantly contributed to mitigating data breaches but what is still lacking is the development of the “human firewall,” which is the conscious care security practices of the ...
    • Data-driven blood glucose pattern classification and anomalies detection: Machine-learning applications in Type 1 diabetes 

      Woldaregay, Ashenafi Zebene; Årsand, Eirik; Botsis, Taxiarchis; Albers, David; Mamykina, Lena; Hartvigsen, Gunnar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-01)
      <p><i>Background - </i>Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder that results in abnormal blood glucose (BG) regulations. The BG level is preferably maintained close to normality through self-management practices, which involves actively tracking BG levels and taking proper actions including adjusting diet and insulin medications. BG anomalies could be defined as any undesirable reading ...