Vortex. An event-driven multiprocessor operating system supporting performance isolation
Vortex is a new multiprocessor operating system that is entirely event-driven. The Vortex kernel, as well as its applications, are structured as stagesthat communicate through event passing. Each stage is a small finite state machine. The event architecture is efficient and allows Vortex to balance load across the processors automatically. Vortex uses an Event Scheduling Tree (EST) on each CPU. An EST is a tree of event queues, where each event queue can be instantiated with its own scheduling policy. The EST mechanism unifies all CPU and I/O scheduling and allows for a wide variety of scheduling policies including weighted performance isolation between applications. The paper shows how a high-performance web server can be supported on Vortex. Compared to running the same web server on Linux on the same hardware, Vortex can sustain up to 80% higher throughput. Experiments with running multiple web servers on Vortex show that we can precisely divide resources between the web servers at low overheads. Microbenchmarks break down the costs of these overheads.
PublisherUniversitetet i Tromsø
University of Tromsø
SeriesTekniske rapporter / Institutt for informatikk 45(2003)
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