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dc.contributor.advisorAmundsen, Per-Arne
dc.contributor.advisorKnudsen, Rune
dc.contributor.advisorPræbel, Kim
dc.contributor.authorCouton, Marjorie
dc.date.accessioned2013-05-23T08:08:33Z
dc.date.available2013-05-23T08:08:33Z
dc.date.issued2012-11-26
dc.description.abstractSympatric occurring fish morphs in postglacial lakes usually exhibit differences in morphology and physiology driven by adaptations to differential trophic niches. The European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus (L.)) is a highly variable fish species, with more than 200 intraspecific forms described in Europe. The morphs usually differ in their number of gill-rakers, therefore this trait has been traditionally used for whitefish classification. According to this taxonomy, three different morphs can be distinguished in northern Fennoscandia: the large sparsely rakered (LSR), the densely rakered (DR), and the small sparsely rakerd (SSR) morphs. They all exhibit differences in morphology, diet, habitat, and physiology. Recently, a new morph has been discovered in several lakes of the Pasvik watercourse which displays densely rakered gills and an external morphology similar to the LSR whitefish, and was called large densely rakered (LDR). In this study, genetic data from 18 microsatellites markers were used to evaluate the genetic differentiation and the possible origin of this new morph in three Finnish lakes of the Pasvik watercourse. The LDR morph in each lake was found to be genetically different from the three other morphs. Several possible origins were suggested, but the sympatric speciation from either the LSR or the DR morphs was the hypothesis that gained the most support from the results. Moreover, the three different LDR populations were found to have a common origin, suggesting that the divergence occurred only once after the last ice retreat and the same population divided into three when the different lakes were formed.en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10037/5171
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-uit_munin_4884
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherUniversitetet i Tromsøen
dc.publisherUniversity of Tromsøen
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccess
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2012 The Author(s)
dc.subject.courseIDBIO-3950en
dc.subjectVDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480::Økologi: 488en
dc.subjectVDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400::Zoology and botany: 480::Ecology: 488en
dc.subjectVDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400::Basale biofag: 470::Genetikk og genomikk: 474en
dc.subjectVDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400::Basic biosciences: 470::Genetics and genomics: 474en
dc.subjectVDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480::Limnologi: 498en
dc.subjectVDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400::Zoology and botany: 480::Limnology: 498en
dc.titleAdaptive radiation of the European whitefish Coregonus lavaretus (L.) in the Pasvik watercourse: the genetic description of a new morphen
dc.typeMaster thesisen
dc.typeMastergradsoppgaveen


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