“NIQUE LA FRANCE”. French rappers' artistic and/or political expressions and the limits of the right to freedom of expression
The right to freedom of expression is defined and protected by several national and international instruments. However, it does not exist any definition universally accepted, which implies that the limits of this right are not clear. Therefore, many States adopt different laws fixing limits to freedom of expression when the existence of hate speech is proved. In France, the debate on the right to freedom of expression and the potential negative consequences of it has been raised several times. Indeed, for twenty years, French politicians have accused French rappers of using hate speech in their acts of expression. This thesis uses the theory of Scanlon, which states that regulation of freedom of expression is category-dependent. In fact, this theory brought a new perspective in the research on freedom of expression by giving more importance to the interests of the speaker rather than to the effects he may cause. According to Scanlon, the regulation of the right to freedom of expression depends on the categories of interests at stake and on the categories of acts of expressions. Analysing French rappers’ acts of expression with the support of the theory of Scanlon, the researcher will prove the importance of a categorisation of interests at stake and expressions in order to justify a governmental regulation. However, this academic work will demonstrate that such intents of regulation bring new perspectives since it modifies categories of expression and hence, audience interests at stake.
PublisherUniversitetet i Tromsø
University of Tromsø
The following license file are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Pax6 regulates the expression of Dkk3 in murine and human cell lines, and altered responses to Wnt signaling are shown in Flpln-3T3 cells stably expressing either the Pax6 or the Pax6(5a) Isoform Forsdahl, Siri; Kiselev, Yury; Hogseth, Rune; Mjelle, Janne erikke; Mikkola, Ingvild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
Expression and activity of NADPH oxidases (NOX) and the ROS-mediated effects on γ-Glutamyltransferase (GGT) expression in cancer cells Ravuri, Chandra Sekhar (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2010-12-10)Cancer cells with the ability to metastasize have also an ability to adapt and survive in new surroundings. This is connected to their ability to alter the balance between and the level of oxidants and antioxidants within the cell. To understand how cancer cells do this, a panel of cancer cells were examined with respect to genes that can affect the oxidant production. These cells had been isolated ...
Namyatova, Daria Alekseevna (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-05-16)ABSTRACT Three 3D seismic cubes (EL0001, St0309 and ST05M09) from different parts of the SW Barents Sea basin were studied to decipher processes causing depressions in the seabed and subseabed. Since the investigated areas were under the influence of various depositional and erosional conditions during ice ages special attention was given to the potential of ice driven morphologies. Depressions ...