The electron energy distribution during HF pumping, a picture painted with all colors.
AuthorRietveld, Michael T.; Gustavsson, B.; Sergienko, T.; Grydeland, Tom; La Hoz, Cesar; Kosch, M.J.; Brändström, B.U.E.; Leyser, T.B.; Isham, B.; Gallop, P.; Aso, T.; Ejiri, M.; Steen, A.; Kaila, K.; Jussila, J.; Holma, H.
The shape of the electron energy distribution has long been a central question in the field of highfrequency radio-induced optical emission experiments. This report presents estimates of the electron energy distribution function, fe(E), from 0 to 60 eV, based on optical multiwavelength (6300, 5577, 8446, 4278 A° ) data and 930-MHz incoherent scatter radar measurements of ion temperature, electron temperature and electron concentration. According to our estimate, the electron energy distribution has a depression at around 2 eV, probably caused by electron excitation of vibrational states in N2, and a high energy tail that is clearly supra-thermal. The temporal evolution of the emissions indicates that the electron temperature still plays an important role in providing electrons with energies close to 2 eV. At the higher energies the electron energy distribution has a nonthermal tail.
PublisherEuropean Geosciences Union
SeriesAnnales Geophysicae 23(2005), pp 1747-1754
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