• Numerical Study of Atmospheric Ice Accretion on Various Geometric Cross-sections 

      Virk, Muhammad Shakeel (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
    • An Empirical Study on the Impact of Cultural Types on Resources Integration Model 

      Solvang, Wei Deng; Zhan, Yan; Lu, Jiansha (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      From the perspective of Resource-based Theory (RBT), organizational culture can be a source of sustained competitive advantage. And resources integration models, divided by property rights of resource, not firm boundary, as internal and external resources integration models, are presented as being specific in different cultural contexts. However, the litera- ture review shows the absences of an ...
    • Quantitative analysis of accuracy of voidage computations in CFD-DEM Simulations 

      Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Scott, Stuart A.; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Moatamedi, Mojtaba (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
    • Atmospheric ice monitoring system operation at Remote locations in cold region 

      Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Rashid, Taimur; Mustafa, Mohamad Y (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The problems encountered in installation, maintenance and operations of equipment in the cold climate regions are far more complicated than others. The contributing factors and problems that can affect the system operation and performance should be identified, assessed and focused within well-defined parameters before its installation in cold climate regions. The harsh cold environment, could not ...
    • Atmospheric Icing Sensors - Capacitive Techniques 

      Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel (Peer reviewed, 2013-01-22)
      The application of capacitive sensing technique is widely distributed in different physical domains primarily because of the diversity in dielectric permittivity and due to its minimum loading error and inertial effects. Atmospheric ice is a complex mixture of water, ice and air which is reflected in its complex dielectric constant. There are many existing atmospheric icing sensors but only few are ...
    • Numerical Study of Atmospheric Icing on Non Rotating Circular Cylinders in Tandem Arrangement 

      Virk, Muhammad Shakeel (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013-03-01)
      Numerical study of atmospheric ice accretion on two non-rotating circular cylinders in tandem arrangement was carried out at different operating and geometric conditions. To validate the numerical model, initially the results of ice accretion on single circular cylinder were compared with the experimental data obtained from CIGELE atmospheric icing research wind tunnel (CAIRWT) [1, 2]. A good agreement ...
    • A green supply chain network design model for enhancing competitiveness and sustainability of companies in high north arctic regions 

      Yu, Hao; Solvang, Wei Deng; Chen, Chen (Peer reviewed, 2014)
      To survive in today's competitive and ever-changing marketplace, companies need not only to engage in their products and/or services, but also to focus on the management of the whole supply chain. Effectively managing and balancing the profitability and interconnection of each player in the supply chain will improve the overall supply chain surplus as well as individual profit. However, it is extremely ...
    • Using Mutual Charge Scheme to Measure Salinity of Ice 

      Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Nikumbh, Bhushan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      For offshore measurements in Cold Regions, salinity of ice is also a critical parameter (together with many other parameterssuchasicingtype,load,icingrateandmeltingrate)to be identified in order to optimize the performance of anti/de icing systems. Although there are some available sensory solutions in the market to measure real time salinity levels of water, however there are still not many real ...
    • Optimization of long-term performance of municipal solid waste management system: A bi-objective mathematical model 

      Yu, Hao; Solvang, Wei Deng; Li, Shiyun (Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Management of municipal solid waste has becoming an extremely important topic for any urban authorities in recent years due to the rapidly increasing solid waste quantity and potential environmental pollution. In this paper, a bi-objective dynamic linear programming model is developed for decision making and supporting in the long-term operation of municipal solid waste management system. The proposed ...
    • Torque and Axial Loading Physics for Measuring Atmospheric Icing Load and Icing Rate 

      Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel (Peer reviewed, 2015-01-31)
      Measuring icing load and icing rate are important parameters for an atmospheric icing sensor. A new icing sensor has recently been designed and developed at Narvik University College for measuring atmospheric icing rate, icing load and icing type. Unlike the existing atmospheric icing sensors commercially available in market, which uses the axial loading for measuring icing load and icing rate, this ...
    • Charge Transfer Scheme for Atmospheric Ice Sensing 

      Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Rashid, Taimur (Peer reviewed, 2015-01-31)
      The atmospheric icing parameters are being measured nowadays with the aid of more customized yet limited commercial equipment. The parameters include atmospheric ice detection, icing load and icing rate. The robustness of such equipment is usually under scrutiny when it comes to cold/harsh environment operations. This phenomenon was experienced consistently by the atmospheric Icing Research Team at ...
    • A case study to estimate thermal conductivity of ABS in Cold Climate Chamber 

      Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Makarova, Marina; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Polanco Pinerez, Geanette (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015-10-22)
      Non steady state thermal conductivity of ABS was estimated using an analytical approach in a Cold Climate Chamber at ?10?C and ?14?C. Two hollow cylinders of ABS of varying thickness were used to estimate the conductivity. The material was porous but the porosity was unknown. This paper is a case study to understand, if it is reasonable to estimate the thermal conductivity using the analytical varying ...
    • Encapsulated Water Hammer: Theoretical/Experimental Study 

      Polanco, Geanette; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Victor, Sojo; Jose, Da Paixao; Antonio, Vidal; Orlando, Aguillon (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-10-22)
      Water hammer phenomenon involves the transformation of kinetic energy in pressure energy, this transformation occurs as the fluid conditions change inside the pipe in quite a short time. Industry requires to affront frequent flow interruptions in pipe systems due to the closing of valves or stopping of pumping equipment. This phenomenon can initiate serious damages like destruction of the pipe system ...
    • Atmospheric ice accretion on non rotating vertical circular cyliner 

      Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Polanco, Geanette (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-10-22)
      Study of atmospheric ice accretion on a non-rotating vertical circular cylindrical object was carried out at dry and wet ice conditions. Both numerical and experimental techniques were used during this study. 3D numerical study was carried out using computational fluid dynamics based approach, whereas experimental study was carried out at Cryospheric Environmental Simulator ‘CES’ in Shinjo, Japan. ...
    • Mutual Charge Transfer for Estimating Salinity Ratio for Offshore Icing Sensors 

      Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Nikumbh, Bhushan (Peer reviewed, 2015-11-30)
      For offshore measurements in Cold Regions, salinity of ice is also a critical parameter (together with many other parameters such as icing type, load, icing rate and melting rate) to be identified in order to optimize the performance of anti/de icing systems. Although there are some available sensory solutions in the market to measure real time salinity levels of water, however there are still ...
    • A decision-support model for operational planning of surface coal mining considering equipment failure 

      Yu, Hao; Solvang, Wei Deng; Sun, Xu (Peer reviewed; Conference object; Chapter, 2016)
      This paper presents a decision-support model aiming, primarily, at maximizing the productivity of surface coal mining activities through operational planning and management. The model is formulated based upon mixed integer programming, and it determines the optimal production plan of the shovels and allocation plan of the haul trucks in order to minimize operational cost, fuel consumption as well ...
    • Multiphysics Based Design Study of an Atmospheric Icing Sensor 

      Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel; Mustafa, Mohamad (Peer reviewed, 2016)
      A design study of an atmospheric icing sensor is presented in this article. The proposed design of the sensor is aimed to detect an atmospheric icing event, to determine ice type as well as to measure icing load, icing rate and melting rate. This sensor is constantly slowly rotating cylinder with four fins which measure atmospheric icing load and icing rate using rotational load measurement technique. ...
    • An introduction of small-scale intelligent manufacturing system 

      Huang, Taoying; Solvang, Wei Deng; Yu, Hao (Peer reviewed; Conference object; Chapter, 2016)
      Manufacturing companies in Northern Peripheral and Arctic region are predominately small and medium-sized and face considerable challenges like geographical isolation and a lack of benefits offered by industrial clusters. For the ultimate goal of enhancing their competitiveness in a global market, it is imperative for companies to innovate or adopt innovations in order to quickly response to changes ...
    • Case study: Optimization of End-of-line Packaging in Fishery Industry 

      Sziebig, Gabor; Kerezovic, Tanja (Peer reviewed; Chapter, 2016)
      Application of automation in SMEs working in fish industry is not in advanced state as in other fields of production and manufacturing industries. Due to expensive equipment, high labor costs of engineers required to implement such features into production lines, and low-quantity contracts, introduction of automation technologies is in large part of these companies is absent. This paper analyses ...
    • Developing a Toolbox of supports for small and medium sized manufacturing companies 

      Moore, John; Loughran, Anne; McCusker, Edel; Solvang, Wei Deng; Sziebig, Gabor; Yu, Hao; Ericson, Åsa; Holmqvist, Johann; Wenngren, Johann; Pieskä, Sakari; Vahasoyrinki, Juoni; Kaartinen, Heidi (Peer reviewed; Conference object; Chapter, 2016)
      TARGET is a collaborative project involving a partnership of universities and institutes of higher education in UK, Ireland, Norway, Finland and Sweden. The project will develop tools to enhance capacity in regional manufacturing companies to adapt and embrace new technologies and innovation. This is to be done in collaboration with small/medium sized manufacturing engineering companies - developing, ...