Light and temperature effects on bioactivity in diatoms
AuthorIngebrigtsen, Richard Andre; Hansen, Espen; Andersen, Jeanette hammer; Eilertsen, Hans Christian
Isolates of five pelagic North Atlantic marine diatoms (Bacillariophyceae): Attheya longicornis, Chaetoceros socialis, Chaetoceros furcellatus, Skeletonema marinoi and Porosira glacialis were cultivated in large photobioreactors at two light and two temperature regimes to test if this affected bioactivity. We screened for bioactivity in assays representing five different therapeutic areas: diabetes II (PTP1b), cancer (melanoma cells, A2058), anti-oxidants (FRAP), immunomodulation (TNFa) and anti-infection (MRSA, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa). All the diatom strains showed activity in two or more assays. We detected differences in bioactivity both between species and within species cultivated with different light and temperature regimes. Our results demonstrate the potential for a more exhaustive exploitation of diatom metabolites that can be obtained by manipulation of the cultivation conditions.
Published version, also available at http://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-015-0631-4