Browsing Artikler, rapporter og annet (matematikk og statistikk) by Issue Date
Now showing items 2140 of 209

Vanishing of the entropy pseudonorm for certain integrable systems
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2006) 
A simple criterion for the mcyclicity of the group of rational points on an elliptic curve defined over a finite field
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 200602)We give a simple criterion for the cyclicity of the mtorsion subgroup of the group of rational points on an elliptic curve defined over a finite field of characteristic larger than 3 for m = 2, 3, 4, 6, 12. 
Nature reserves as a bioeconomic management tool. A simplified modeling approach
(Working paper; Arbeidsnotat, 200602)This paper demonstrates analytically how a nature reserve may protect the total population, realize maximum sustainable yield (MSY), maximum economic yield (MEY) and consumer surplus (CS) and how this depends on biological growth, migration, reserve size and economic parameters. The prereserve population is assumed to follow the logistic growth law and two postreserve growth models are discussed. ... 
Abelian equations and rank problems for planar webs
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 20060504)We find an invariant characterization of planar webs of maximum rank. For 4webs, we prove that a planar 4web is of maximum rank three if and only if it is linearizable and its curvature vanishes. This result leads to the direct webtheoretical proof of the Poincar´e’s theorem: a planar 4 web of maximum rank is linearizable. We also find an invariant intrinsic characterization of planar 4webs ... 
Dimension of the solutions space of PDEs
(Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 20061026)We discuss the dimensional characterization of the solutions space of a formally integrable system of partial differential equations and provide certain formulas for calculations of these dimensional quantities. 
Bayesian modeling and significant features exploration in wavelet power spectra
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007) 
Invariant characterization of Liouville metrics and polynomial integrals
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 20070904)A criterion in terms of differential invariants for a metric on a surface to be Liouville is established. Moreover, in this paper we completely solve in invariant terms the local mobility problem of a 2D metric, considered by Darboux: How many quadratic in momenta integrals does the geodesic flow of a given metric possess? The method is also applied to recognition of other polynomial integrals ... 
Differential invariants of the motion group actions
(Working paper; Arbeidsnotat, 20071220)Differential invariants of a (pseudo)group action can vary when restricted to invariant submanifolds (differential equations). The algebra is still governed by the LieTresse theorem, but may change a lot. We describe in details the case of the motion group O(n) ⋉ R<sup>n</sup> acting on the full (unconstraint) jetspace as well as on some invariant equations. 
Invariants and submanifolds in almost complex geometry
(Chapter; Bokkapittel, 20071220)In this paper we describe the algebra of differential invariants for GL(n,C)structures. This leads to classification of almost complex structures of general positions. The invariants are applied to the existence problem of higherdimensional pseudoholomorphic submanifolds. 
Symmetry approaches for reductions of PDEs, differential constraints and LagrangeCharpit method
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 20071220)Many methods for reducing and simplifying differential equations are known. They provide various generalizations of the original symmetry approach of Sophus Lie. Plenty of relations between them have been noticed and in this note a unifying approach will be discussed. It is rather close to the differential constraint method, but we make this rigorous basing on recent advances in compatibility ... 
Anomaly of linearization and auxiliary integrals
(Chapter; Bokkapittel, 20071220)In this note we discuss some formal properties of universal linearization operator, relate this to brackets of nonlinear differential operators and discuss application to the calculus of auxiliary integrals, used in compatibility reductions of PDEs. 
A quadratic reciprocity law for elliptic curves
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2008)If E is an elliptic curve, then the Galois group of the extension generated by the ntorsion points acts on these points. We prove a quadratic reciprocity law involving this group action. This law is an extension of the usual quadratic reciprocity law. 
A stochastic theory for temporal fluctuations in selforganized critical systems
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2008) 
A propagationseparation approach to estimate the autocorrelation in a timeseries
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2008) 
Compatibility, multibrackets and integrability of systems of PDEs
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 20080220)We establish an efficient compatibility criterion for a system of generalized complete intersection type in terms of certain multibrackets of differential operators. These multibrackets generalize the higher Jacobi Mayer brackets, important in the study of evolutionary equations and the integrability problem. We also calculate Spencer δcohomology of generalized complete intersections and ... 
Estimation of Ambiguity Functions With Limited Spread
(Research report; Forskningsrapport, 20080407)This paper proposes a new estimation procedure for the ambiguity function of a nonstationary time series. The stochastic properties of the empirical ambiguity function calculated from a single sample in time are derived. Different thresholding procedures are introduced for the estimation of the ambiguity function. Such estimation methods are suitable if the ambiguity function is only nonnegligible ... 
Modeling temporal fluctuations in avalanching system
(Working paper; Arbeidsnotat, 20080722)We demonstrate how to model the toppling activity in avalanching systems by stochastic differential equations (SDEs). The theory is developed as a generalization of the classical mean field approach to sandpile dynamics by formulating it as a generalization of Itoh’s SDE. This equation contains a fractional Gaussian noise term representing the branching of an avalanche into small active clusters, ... 
A stochastic theory for temporal fluctuations in selforganized critical systems
(Working paper; Arbeidsnotat, 20080722)A stochastic theory for the toppling activity in sandpile models is developed, based on a simple meanfield assumption about the toppling process. The theory describes the process as an antipersistent Gaussian walk, where the diffusion coefficient is proportional to the activity. It is formulated as a generalization of the Itˆo stochastic differential equation with an antipersistent fractional ... 
Point classification of 2nd order ODEs: Tresse classification revisited and beyond
(Chapter; Bokkapittel, 20080926)In 1896 Tresse gave a complete description of relative differential invariants for the pseudogroup action of point transformations on the 2nd order ODEs. The purpose of this paper is to review, in light of modern geometric approach to PDEs, this classification and also discuss the role of absolute invariants and the equivalence problem. 
Geodesic Webs on a TwoDimensional Manifold and Euler Equations
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 20081030)We prove that any planar 4web defines a unique projective structure in the plane in such a way that the leaves of the web foliations are geodesics of this projective structure. We also find conditions for the projective structure mentioned above to contain an affine symmetric connection, and conditions for a planar 4web to be equivalent to a geodesic 4web on an affine symmetric surface. Similar ...