The marine protected area of Nha Trang Bay, Vietnam. Initial trends in resource status and utilization (2002-2005)
AuthorLe, Doan Dung
The marine protected area (MPA) of Nha Trang Bay, in eastern Vietnam, was created in 2002 as a pilot initiative to enable an adequate management of the fringing reef communities, while providing opportunities for alternative livelihoods to the local fisher populations. A reassessment of the data obtained during the baseline survey performed in 2002 and of an inventory performed in 2005 indicates a reasonable decline in faunal diversity and density in the MPA. Multivariate analyses of a great number of species suggest a cascading effect: a general negative trend in the richness of hard-corals at different depths is associated with an increase in macro-algal cover, and this links with a marked decline in the density of herbivorous fish. The reef of Hon Mun, a core zone at the hearth of the MPA and an attraction for underwater tourists, showed some recovery of the coral cover and density of other macroinvertebrates. Despite the loss in fish density, the structure of the fish food web seemed to remain unaltered. Reefs in the buffer area of Hon Mieu and Hon Mot showed, on the contrary, great declines in the faunal component and a clear increase in algal cover. These reefs are those most affected by human derived impacts, including urban run-off, shipping, silting, mariculture, fishing and tourism. The most distant reef analysed, at Hon Tre, although formally a core zone, is allegedly under strong fishing pressure owing to lack of surveillance enforcement. The major impact, so far, seems to be a marked decline in diversity and density of fish. Whilst the present data were collected during the initial stages of marine protection and need further replication, it is becoming evident that urban development and, particularly, fisheries and mariculture, which depend on great amounts of wild seed and feed collected in the area, may become antagonistic activities to the recovery of the reef to earlier states. Managers devising future management plans have now a base for re-scaling the size and zonation regime of the protected area, as well as that of adjacent industrial activities.
PublisherUniversitetet i Tromsø
University of Tromsø
MetadataShow full item record
The following license file are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Karlsen, Kine Mari (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2011-08-26)The purpose of this thesis was to study granularity and its importance for traceability in seafood supply chains. The following hypothesis was applied in this thesis: The implementation of traceability of seafood is affected by the granularity level of the traceable units. Three sub-tasks were carried out to test the hypothesis: 1) identify critical traceability points (CTPs) of seafood products, ...
The management of lobster in coastal Skagerrak : recreational fisheries, unreported commercial catches andmarine protected areas Kleiven, Alf Ring (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2010-09-30)The implementation of four experimental lobster reserves in Norway in 2006 highlighted a set of important questions regarding lobster management. This thesis presents a study on the management and fishery of the European lobster (Homarus gammarus) in Skagerrak. Firstly, the implementation process of the lobster reserves was analysed. It revealed that local stakeholders, such as recreational fishers, ...
Øseth, Ellen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-02-15)Kongekrabben, Paralithodes camtschaticus, ble satt ut i Barentshavet på 60-tallet av russiske forskere, og har i dag etablert en reproduserende bestand både i russisk og norsk del av Barentshavet. Krabben er en forvaltningsmessig utfordring ettersom den både er en introdusert, fremmed art og en kommersielt lønnsom art. I dag har den en antatt utbredelse fra grensa mot Russland og kanskje ned til ...