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Nye registreringer

  • The independent and joint associations of physical activity and body mass index with myocardial infarction: The Tromsø Study 

    Renninger, Marius; Løchen, Maja-Lisa; Ekelund, Ulf; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Jørgensen, Lone; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Njølstad, Inger; Schirmer, Henrik; Wilsgaard, Tom; Morseth, Bente (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-13)
    Physical activity and overweight are associated with myocardial infarction (MI). However, their joint association with MI remains unclear. Our objective was to examine the independent and joint association between leisuretime physical activity (LTPA), body mass index (BMI) and MI. This prospective cohort study included 16,572 men and women (47.5% women) aged 20–54 years who took part in the second ...
  • Levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system use is associated with a decreased risk of ovarian and endometrial cancer, without increased risk of breast cancer. Results from the NOWAC Study 

    Jareid, Mie; Thalabard, Jean-Christophe; Aarflot, Morten; Bøvelstad, Hege Marie; Lund, Eiliv; Braaten, Tonje (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-02)
    <p><i>Objective</i>: Women with ovarian cancer have poor survival rates, which have proven difficult to improve; therefore primary prevention is important. The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) prevents endometrial cancer, and recent studies suggested that it may also prevent ovarian cancer, but with a concurrent increased risk of breast cancer. We compared adjusted risks of ...
  • Factors Associated with High Weight Gain and Obesity Duration: The Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) Study 

    da Silva, Marisa Eleonor; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Licaj, Idlir; Rylander, Charlotta (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-12)
    <i>Aim:</i> To identify factors associated with high weight gain and obesity duration in a representative sample of Norwegian women.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: 66,618 Norwegian women aged 34–70 years at baseline were included in the analysis. Baseline and follow-up questionnaires completed in 1991–2011 provided information on height, weight as well as sociodemographic, lifestyle and reproductive ...
  • Coloring of the past via respondent’s current psychological state, mediation, and the association between childhood disadvantage and morbidity in adulthood 

    Sheikh, Mashhood Ahmed (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-31)
    <p><i>Objective</i>: Many researchers view retrospective reports with skepticism. Indeed, the observed association between retrospectively-reported childhood disadvantage (CD) and morbidity in adulthood has been criticized as an artefactual correlation driven by the psychological state of the respondent at the time of reporting (current psychological state). The aim of this study was to assess the ...
  • Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) as sentinels for the elucidation of Arctic environmental change processes: a comprehensive review combined with ArcRisk project results 

    Carlsson, Pernilla; Breivik, Knut; Brorström-Lundén, Eva; Cousins, Ian; Christensen, Jesper; Grimalt, Joan O.; Halsall, Crispin; Kallenborn, Roland; Abass, Khaled; Lammel, Gerhard; Munthe, John; MacLeod, Matthew; Odland, Jon Øyvind; Pawlak, Janet; Rautio, Arja; Reiersen, Lars-Otto; Schlabach, Martin; Stemmler, Irene; Wilson, Simon; Wöhrnschimmel, Henry (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-28)
    Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) can be used as chemical sentinels for the assessment of anthropogenic influences on Arctic environmental change. We present an overview of studies on PCBs in the Arctic and combine these with the findings from ArcRisk—a major European Union-funded project aimed at examining the effects of climate change on the transport of contaminants to and their behaviour of in ...
  • The prevalence of diabetes mellitus among Sami and non-Sami inhabitants of Northern Norway - The SAMINOR 1 Survey (2003-2004) and the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey (2012-2014) 

    Naseribafrouei, Ali; Eliassen, Bent-Martin; Melhus, Marita; Svartberg, Johan; Broderstad, Ann Ragnhild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-14)
    <p><i>Introduction</i>: This study aimed to compare the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) between Sami and non-Sami inhabitants of Northern Norway participating in the SAMINOR 1 Survey and the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey, and to track DM prevalence over time.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: SAMINOR 1 (2003–2004) and SAMINOR 2 (2012–2014) are cross-sectional, population-based studies that each recruited ...
  • Benefit and risk assessment of breastmilk for infant health in Norway: Opinion of the Steering Committee of the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety 

    Meltzer, Helle Margrete; Brandtzæg, Per; Knutsen, Helle Katrine; Løland, Beate Fossum; Odland, Jon Øyvind; Skåre, Janneche Utne; Torheim, Liv Elin; Amlund, Heidi; Arukwe, Augustine; Bernhoft, Aksel; Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Dierkes, Jutta; Eggesbø, Merete Åse; Eriksen, Gunnar Sundstøl; Frølich, Wenche; Frøyland, Livar; Fæste, Christiane Kruse; Halvorsen, Ragnhild; Haugen, Margaretha; Hemre, Gro Ingunn; Iversen, Per Ole; Krogdahl, Åshild; Lassen, Jørgen Fredrik; Lindemann, Rolf; Lyche, Jan Ludvig; Mansoor, Mohammad Azam; Nerland, Audun Helge; Næss, Bjørn; Ruus, Anders; Skålhegg, Bjørn Steen; Steffensen, Inger-Lise; Sundheim, Leif; Sverdrup, Line Emilie; Thomsen, Cathrine; Østerås, Olav; Alexander, Jan (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2013-12-12)
    Breastmilk covers all the nutritional needs of the infant the first months of life, with the exception of vitamin D. In addition, breastmilk has a number of protective properties. However, as humans are exposed to polluting chemicals through food, air, water and skin contact, breastmilk also contains contaminants. Taking the present-day levels of contaminants in Norwegian breastmilk and the long ...
  • Validation of repeated self-reported n-3 PUFA intake using serum phospholipid fatty acids as a biomarker in breast cancer patients during treatment 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1112 Oncology and Carcinogenesis 

    Brunvoll, Sonja Hjellegjerde; Thune, Inger; Frydenberg, Hanne; Flote, Vidar Gordon; Bertheussen, Gro Falkener; Schlichting, Ellen; Bjerve, Kristian S; Hjartåker, Anette (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    <p><i>Background</i>: The role of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in breast cancer is not clear and under debate. To explore this relationship it is important to have proper validated dietary assessment methods for measuring the intake of n-3 PUFAs. The aim of the current study is to validate two different methods used to assess the intake of selected n-3 PUFAs as well as food sources of ...
  • Vi har efterhånden fundet vores egne ben som forældre: Forældreskab og sundhedspleje i spændingsfeltet mellem velfærdsstat og privatsfære 

    Haslund, Helle; Risør, Mette Bech (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    Der er særligt gennem de sidste 50 år sket en intensivering af et børnecentreret forældre-skab, som i stigende omfang er orienteret mod børns sundhed og udvikling, hvor brug af ekspertråd er centralt. Præmature børn befinder sig i en forhøjet risiko for komplikationer relateret til sundhed, trivsel og udvikling, og de er ved fødslen oftest med forældrene ind-lagt gennem en periode på en hospitalsafdeling ...
  • Do Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain Benefit From Early Intervention Regarding Absence From Work? A randomized, controlled, single-center pilot study 

    Norbye, Anja M. Davis; Omdal, Aina Vedvik; Nygaard, Marit; Romild, Ulla Kristina; Eldøen, Guttorm; Midgard, Rune (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-08-23)
    <p><i>Study Design</i>: A randomized, controlled, single-center pilot study.</p> <p><i>Objective</i>: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of running a trial to explore if early intervention in individuals with chronic low back pain (CLBP) would lead to an early return to work (RTW) and reduce sick leave during 12 months of follow-up compared with patients on a 3-month ...
  • Socially constructed and structurally conditioned conflicts in territories of medical uncertainty 

    Lian, Olaug S; Robson, Catherine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-27)
    In territories of medical uncertainty, clinical encounters are highly contentious. To uncover maintaining mechanisms behind persistent conflicts, we explore the interactional dynamics of clinical encounters fused with medical uncertainty. Based on a thematic qualitative analysis of experiential texts from 385 people living with medically unexplained physical symptoms in Norway, UK, Ireland, USA and ...
  • Do patients with chronic low back pain experience pain reduction and functional improvement after treatment at a multidisciplinary outpatient clinic? 

    Norbye, Anja M. Davis; Omdal, Aina Vedvik; Nygaard, Marit Eikrem; Eldøen, Guttorm; Romild, Ulla Kristina; Midgard, Rune (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-05)
    <p><i>Background</i>: Low back pain is the most common affliction of the musculoskeletal system. Patients with chronic low back pain cost the society great expenses in treatments and other social benefits; however, the effects of interventions are discussed. The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients with chronic low back pain experience pain reduction and functional improvement ...
  • Should pulse oximetry be included in GPs' assessment of patients with obstructive lung disease? 

    Dalbak, Lene Gjelseth; Straand, Jørund; Melbye, Hasse (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-12-11)
    <p><i>Objective</i>: To explore the associations between decreased pulse oximetry values (SpO2) and clinical, laboratory, and demographic variables in general practice patients diagnosed with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including those with both COPD and asthma in combination.</p> <p><i>Design/setting</i>: A cross-sectional study in seven Norwegian general practices ...
  • Health and environmental impacts in the Norwegian border area related to local Russian industrial emissions. Knowledge status. 

    Sandanger, Torkjel Manning; Anda, Erik Eik; Berglen, Tore Flatlandsmo; Evenset, Anita; Christensen, Guttorm; Heimstad, Eldbjørg Sofie (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2013)
    The contaminant situation in the Norwegian-Russian border has caused concern for several decades and considerable amount of data has been gathered during the Pasvik programme (Stebel et al., 2007; Pasvik programme, 2008) for the environmental pollution, but not in this extent for food safety and potential human health risks in this region. Through the compiling of the available literature the ...
  • A comprehensive assessment of fish and other seafood in the Norwegian diet 

    Alexander, Jan; Frøyland, Livar; Hemre, Gro Ingunn; Jacobsen, Bjarne K.; Lund, Eiliv; Meltzer, Helle Margrete; Skåre, Janneche Utne (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2006-03-27)
    At the request of the Norwegian Food Safety Authority, the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety (VKM) has conducted an assessment of the nutritional benefits of consuming fish and other seafood, compared with the health risks associated with the intake of contaminants and other undesirable compounds that fish and other seafood may contain.
  • HbA1c som diagnostisk kriterium for diabetes type 2 

    Frønsdal, Katrine; Lauvrak, Vigdis; Fure, Brynjar (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2013)
    <b>Hovedbudskap</b> <p>I denne hurtigoversikten har vi formidlet og kvalitetsvurdert to systematiske oversikter som er benyttet som dokumentasjonsgrunnlag for to anbefalinger. Den ene er Verdens helseorganisasjon (WHO) sin anbefaling fra 2011 vedrørende HbA1c som diagnostisk kriterium for diabetes, og den andre er National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) sin anbefaling fra 2012 ...
  • Tiltak for å fremme valgdeltakelse blant innvandrere 

    Nøkleby, Heid; Nguyen, Lien; Meneses, Jose; Berg, Rigmor (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2015)
    <i>English summary</i>: The Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services was commissioned by the Directorate of Integration and Diversity to conduct a systematic literature search with a subsequent categorization of relevant research. The commission was to identify research published 2000-2015 on effects of different types of interventions on an individual level to mobilize for voting.
  • Effekter av oppgavedeling for noen utvalgte helsetjenester i sykehus 

    Forsetlund, Signe Louise; Vist, Gunn Elisabeth; Dalsbø, Therese Kristine; Straumann, Gyri Synnøve Hval; Underland, Vigdis; Norderhaug, Inger Natvig; Holte, Hilde H. (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2013)
    <p>Formålet med denne systematiske oversikten var å oppsummere effekter av oppgavedeling blant ansatte i sykehus for seks utvalgte områder og vurdere kvaliteten av dokumentasjonen for resultatene. Vi fant store kunnskapshull for denne problemstillingen – for fire av de seks områdene fant vi ingen dokumentasjon som oppfylte våre kriterier for inklusjon. For de to resterende områdene finner vi grunnlag ...
  • Autolog hematopoietisk stamcelletransplantasjon (AHSCT) ved diffus systemisk sklerose 

    Giske, Liv; Stoinska-Schneider, Anna; Lund Håheim, Lise; Juvet, Lene Kristine; Gunnarsson, Ragnar; Gedde-Dahl, Thobias; Hafstad, Elisabet Vivianne; Fure, Brynjar (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2018-08-14)
    <p><b>Innledning</b>: Systemisk sklerose, også kalt sklerodermi, hører inn under gruppen revmatiske sykdommer, og er en sjelden autoimmun systemisk bindevevssykdom. Ved systemisk sklerose angripes bindevev i hud, blodårer og indre organer med progressiv fibrosedannelse. Autolog hematopoietisk stamcelletransplantasjon (AHSCT) har blitt foreslått for en liten gruppe pasienter med diffus systemisk ...
  • Fish consumption, fish oil supplements and risk of atherosclerosis in the Tromsø study 

    Johnsen, Stein Harald; Jacobsen, Bjarne K.; Brækkan, Sigrid Kufaas; Hansen, John-Bjarne; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-25)
    Background: <br>Whether long-chain n–3 PUFAs of marine origin have an anti-atherogenic effect in the general population has hardly been studied. In this population-based study, we hypothesized that fatty fish and fish oil intake protect against development of novel atherosclerotic plaques and is associated with reduced plaque size.<br> Methods: <br>We obtained questionnaire-based information ...

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