Nye registreringer

  • Tiltak for å fremme valgdeltakelse blant innvandrere 

    Nøkleby, Heid; Nguyen, Lien; Meneses, Jose; Berg, Rigmor (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2015)
    <i>English summary</i>: The Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services was commissioned by the Directorate of Integration and Diversity to conduct a systematic literature search with a subsequent categorization of relevant research. The commission was to identify research published 2000-2015 on effects of different types of interventions on an individual level to mobilize for voting.
  • Effekter av oppgavedeling for noen utvalgte helsetjenester i sykehus 

    Forsetlund, Signe Louise; Vist, Gunn Elisabeth; Dalsbø, Therese Kristine; Straumann, Gyri Synnøve Hval; Underland, Vigdis; Norderhaug, Inger Natvig; Holte, Hilde H. (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2013)
    <p>Formålet med denne systematiske oversikten var å oppsummere effekter av oppgavedeling blant ansatte i sykehus for seks utvalgte områder og vurdere kvaliteten av dokumentasjonen for resultatene. Vi fant store kunnskapshull for denne problemstillingen – for fire av de seks områdene fant vi ingen dokumentasjon som oppfylte våre kriterier for inklusjon. For de to resterende områdene finner vi grunnlag ...
  • Autolog hematopoietisk stamcelletransplantasjon (AHSCT) ved diffus systemisk sklerose 

    Giske, Liv; Stoinska-Schneider, Anna; Lund Håheim, Lise; Juvet, Lene Kristine; Gunnarsson, Ragnar; Gedde-Dahl, Thobias; Hafstad, Elisabet Vivianne; Fure, Brynjar (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2018-08-14)
    <p><b>Innledning</b>: Systemisk sklerose, også kalt sklerodermi, hører inn under gruppen revmatiske sykdommer, og er en sjelden autoimmun systemisk bindevevssykdom. Ved systemisk sklerose angripes bindevev i hud, blodårer og indre organer med progressiv fibrosedannelse. Autolog hematopoietisk stamcelletransplantasjon (AHSCT) har blitt foreslått for en liten gruppe pasienter med diffus systemisk ...
  • Fish consumption, fish oil supplements and risk of atherosclerosis in the Tromsø study 

    Johnsen, Stein Harald; Jacobsen, Bjarne K.; Brækkan, Sigrid Kufaas; Hansen, John-Bjarne; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-25)
    Background: <br>Whether long-chain n–3 PUFAs of marine origin have an anti-atherogenic effect in the general population has hardly been studied. In this population-based study, we hypothesized that fatty fish and fish oil intake protect against development of novel atherosclerotic plaques and is associated with reduced plaque size.<br> Methods: <br>We obtained questionnaire-based information ...
  • Sex Differences in the Impact of Body Mass Index on the Risk of Future Atrial Fibrillation: Insights From the Longitudinal Population-Based Tromsø Study 

    Ball, Jocasta; Løchen, Maja-Lisa; Wilsgaard, Tom; Schirmer, Henrik; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Morseth, Bente; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Njølstad, Inger; Tiwari, Sweta; Sharashova, Ekaterina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-19)
    <p><i>Background</i>: Atrial fibrillation (AF) prevalence is increasing, and body mass index (BMI) is a risk factor for AF. However, sex differences in the impact of BMI on AF risk have not been fully elucidated.</p> <p><i>Methods and Results</i>: Data from the fourth survey (1994–1995) of the Tromsø Study (Norway) were used to investigate the association of single‐measurement BMI on future AF ...
  • Autolog hematopoietisk stamcelletransplantasjon ved multippel sklerose 

    Giske, Liv; Lauvrak, Vigdis; Stoinska-Schneider, Anna; Frønsdal, Katrine Bjørnebek; Kvamme, Maria Knoph; Ormstad, Sari Susanna; Fure, Brynjar (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2015)
    <p>Autolog hematopoietisk stamcelletransplantasjon (HSCT) er en behandlingsform som er foreslått for en liten gruppe pasienter med attakkpreget multippel sklerose der tilgjengelig medikamentell behandling har begrenset effekt eller gir store bivirkninger. I denne metodevurderingen har vi oppsummert og vurdert forskning om effekt, sikkerhet, økonomiske evalueringer og etiske problemstillinger knyttet ...
  • Distribution of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and the estimated 10-year risk of acute myocardial infarction or cerebral stroke in Sami and non-Sami populations: The SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey. 

    Siri, Susanna Ragnhild; Braaten, Tonje; Jacobsen, Bjarne K.; Melhus, Marita; Eliassen, Bent-Martin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-27)
    <p><i>Objective</i>: This study aimed to assess and compare the distribution of cardiovascular risk factors and the estimated 10-year risk of fatal or non-fatal acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or cerebral stroke (CS) among the Sami and non-Sami populations of Northern Norway.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: The SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey is a cross-sectional survey conducted in 10 municipalities in the ...
  • Joint Effect of Carotid Plaque and C-Reactive Protein on First-Ever Ischemic Stroke and Myocardial Infarction? 

    Eltoft, Agnethe; Arntzen, Kjell Arne; Wilsgaard, Tom; Hansen, John-Bjarne; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Johnsen, Stein Harald (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-17)
    Background: <br>The joint effect of atherosclerosis and CRP (C-reactive protein) on risk of ischemic stroke (IS) and myocardial infarction (MI) has been sparsely studied. The aim of this study was to explore whether CRP mediates the risk of events in subjects with prevalent carotid plaque, examine synergism, and test whether CRP and carotid plaque add to risk prediction beyond traditional risk ...
  • Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Young Adults: A Survey of Russian Undergraduate Students 

    Drachev, Sergei; Brenn, Tormod; Trovik, Tordis A (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-11)
    <p><i>Background</i>: Oral health (OH) is poor among young adults in Russia, but there is little information on OH-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in this population. We investigated how socio-demographic factors, self-reported OH characteristics, oral health behaviour, and clinically-assessed OH are related to OHRQoL in medical and dental students in North-West Russia.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: ...
  • Sami yoik, Sami history, Sami health: a narrative review 

    Hämäläinen, Soile; Musial, Frauke; Salamonsen, Anita; Graff, Ola; Olsen, Torjer A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-26)
    Music as a possible health-promoting agent has attained increasing academic and scientific interest over the last decades. Nonetheless, possible connections between indigenous singing traditions and health beyond traditional ceremonial healing practices are still under-researched worldwide. The Sami, the indigenous people living in Northern Fennoscandia, have a distinct ancient vocal music tradition ...
  • Coffee Consumption and Whole-Blood Gene Expression in the Norwegian Women and Cancer Post-Genome Cohort 

    Borgund Barnung, Runa; Nøst, Therese Haugdahl; Ulven, Stine Marie; Skeie, Guri; Olsen, Karina Standahl (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-09)
    Norwegians are the second highest consumers of coffee in the world. Lately, several studies have suggested that beneficial health effects are associated with coffee consumption. By analyzing whole-blood derived, microarray based mRNA gene expression data from 958 cancer-free women from the Norwegian Women and Cancer Post-Genome Cohort, we assessed the potential associations between coffee consumption ...
  • Coffee and tea consumption and the contribution of their added ingredients to total energy and nutrient intakes in 10 European countries: Benchmark data from the late 1990s 

    Landais, Edwige; Moskal, Aurélie; Mullee, Amy; Nicolas, Geneviève; Gunter, Marc J.; Huybrechts, Inge; Overvad, Kim; Roswall, Nina; Affret, Aurélie; Fagherazzi, Guy; Mahamat-Saleh, Yahya; Katzke, Verena; Kühn, Tilman; la Vecchia, Carlo; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Valanou, Elissavet; Saieva, Calogero; de Magistris, Maria Santucci; Sieri, Sabina; Braaten, Tonje; Skeie, Guri; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Ardanaz, Eva; Chirlaque, Maria-Dolores; García, José Ramon; Jakszyn, Paula; Rodríguez-Barranco, Miguel; Brunkwall, Louise; Huseinovic, Ena; Nilsson, Lena; Wallström, Peter; Bueno-de-Mesquita, Hendrik Bastiaan; Peeters, Petra H.; Aune, Dagfinn; Key, Tim; Lentjes, Marleen; Riboli, Elio; Slimani, Nadia; Freisling, Heinz (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-05)
    Background: <br>Coffee and tea are among the most commonly consumed nonalcoholic beverages worldwide, but methodological differences in assessing intake often hamper comparisons across populations. We aimed to (i) describe coffee and tea intakes and (ii) assess their contribution to intakes of selected nutrients in adults across 10 European countries. <br>Method: <br>Between 1995 and 2000, ...
  • Exploring the causal and effect nature of EQ-5D dimensions: an application of confirmatory tetrad analysis and confirmatory factor analysis 

    Gamst-Klaussen, Thor; Gudex, Claire; Olsen, Jan Abel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-31)
    <p><i>Background</i>: The relationship between the various items in an HRQoL instrument is a key aspect of interpreting and understanding preference weights. The aims of this paper were i) to use theoretical models of HRQoL to develop a conceptual framework for causal and effect relationships among the five dimensions of the EQ-5D instrument, and ii) to empirically test this framework.</p> ...
  • Self reported involvement in emergency medicine among GPs in Norway 

    Hjortdahl, Magnus; Zakariassen, Erik; Halvorsen, Peder Andreas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-10)
    <p><i>Objective</i>: To examine general practitioners’ (GPs’) perception of their role in emergency medicine and participation in emergency services including ambulance call outs, and the characteristics of the GPs and casualty clinics associated with the GPs’ involvement in emergency medicine.</p> <p><i>Design</i>: Cross-sectional online survey.</p> <p><i>Setting</i>: General practice.</p> ...
  • Is age at menarche associated with total mortality? The Tromsø Study 

    Lundblad, Marie Wasmuth; Jacobsen, Bjarne K. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-01)
    <p><i>Purpose</i>: Early age at menarche (AAM) has been associated with increased mortality and morbidity, including premature death from all causes, breast cancer and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the association between AAM and all-cause mortality.</p> <p><i>Subjects and methods</i>: A total of 12,409 women aged 25–94 years who took part in the fourth Tromsø Study ...
  • Adherence to the Healthy Nordic Food Index in the Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) cohort 

    Enget, Torill; Braaten, Tonje; Jacobsen, Bjarne K.; Barnung, Runa Borgund; Olsen, Anja; Skeie, Guri (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-12)
    <p><i>Background</i>: High adherence to the Healthy Nordic Food Index has been associated with better health outcomes, but the results have not been consistent. The association between high adherence and higher intake of energy and healthy and less healthy foods has been persistent across countries, highlighting the need to examine potential confounding by energy intake.</p> <p><i>Objective</i>: ...
  • Using mobile sensors to expand recording of physical activity and increase motivation for prolonged data sharing in a population-based study 

    Henriksen, André; Hartvigsen, Gunnar; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Grimsgaard, Sameline (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    Regularly conducted population cohort studies contribute important new knowledge to medical research. A high participation rate is required in these types of studies in order to claim representativeness and validity of study results. Participation rates are declining worldwide, and re-searchers are challenged to develop new data collection strategies and tools to motivate people to participate. The ...
  • Legal status and regulation of complementary and alternative medicine in Europe 

    Wiesener, Solveig; Falkenberg, Torkel; Hegyi, Gabriella; Hök, Johanna; Roberti di Sarsina, Paolo; Fønnebø, Vinjar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012-11)
    <p><i>Objective</i>: The study aims to review the legal and regulatory status of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in the 27 European Union (EU) member states and 12 associated states, and at the EU/European Economic Association (EEA) level.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: Contact was established with national Ministries of Health, Law or Education, members of national and European CAM ...
  • Childhood violence and mental health among indigenous Sami and non-Sami populations in Norway: a SAMINOR 2 questionnaire study 

    Eriksen, Astrid; Hansen, Ketil Lenert; Schei, Berit; Sørlie, Tore; Stigum, Hein; Bjertness, Espen; Javo, Cecilie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-16)
    The main objectives of this study were to investigate the association between childhood violence and psychological distress and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTS) among Sami and non-Sami adults, and to explore a possible mediating effect of childhood violence on any ethnic differences in mental health. This study is part of a larger questionnaire survey on health and living conditions in Mid- and ...
  • Genetic variation in the ADIPOQ gene, adiponectin concentrations and risk of colorectal cancer: a Mendelian Randomization analysis using data from three large cohort studies 

    Nimptsch, Katharina; Song, Mingyang; Aleksandrova, Krasimira; Katsoulis, Michail; Freisling, Heinz; Jenab, Mazda; Gunter, Marc J.; Tsilidis, Konstantinos K.; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Bueno-De-Mesquita, Hendrik Bastiaan; Chong, Dawn Q.; Jensen, Majken K.; Wu, Chunsen; Overvad, Kim; Kühn, Tilman; Barrdahl, Myrto; Melander, Olle; Jirström, Karin; Peeters, Petra H.; Sieri, Sabina; Panico, Salvatore; Cross, Amanda J.; Riboli, Elio; van Guelpen, Bethany; Myte, Robin; Huerta, José María; Rodriguez-Barranco, Miguel; Quirós, José Ramón; Dorronsoro, Miren; Tjønneland, Anne; Olsen, Anja; Travis, Ruth; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Carbonnel, Franck; Severi, Gianluca; Bonet, Catalina; Palli, Domenico; Janke, Jürgen; Lee, Young-Ae; Boeing, Heiner; Giovannucci, Edward L.; Ogino, Shuji; Fuchs, Charles S.; Rimm, Eric; Wu, Kana; Chan, Andrew T.; Pischon, Tobias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed; Preprint, 2017-05-26)
    Higher levels of circulating adiponectin have been related to lower risk of colorectal cancer in several prospective cohort studies, but it remains unclear whether this association may be causal. We aimed to improve causal inference in a Mendelian Randomization meta-analysis using nested case–control studies of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC, 623 cases, 623 ...

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