Recent additions

  • Body mass index and survival in women with breast cancer—systematic literature review and meta-analysis of 82 follow-up studies 

    Chan, Doris S.M.; Vieira, A.; Aune, Dagfinn; Bandera, Elisa V.; Greenwood, D; McTiernan, A; Rosenblatt, D. Navarro; Thune, Inger; Vieira, R; Norat, T (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-04-27)
    Background: Positive association between obesity and survival after breast cancer was demonstrated in previous meta-analyses of published data, but only the results for the comparison of obese versus non-obese was summarised.<p> <p>Methods: We systematically searched in MEDLINE and EMBASE for follow-up studies of breast cancer survivors with body mass index (BMI) before and after diagnosis, and ...
  • Risk factors for type 2 diabetes in groups stratified according to metabolic syndrome: a 10-year follow-up of The Tromso Study 

    Joseph, Josepha Elizabeth; Svartberg, Johan; Njølstad, Inger; Schirmer, Henrik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010-12-28)
    Many incident cases of type 2 diabetes do not fulfil the metabolic syndrome, which accordingly has been questioned both as a research and clinical tool. The aim of this study was to determine differences in risk factors for type 2 diabetes between groups with high or low metabolic score. The study population were 26,093 men and women attending the Tromsø Study in 1994, followed through 2005, ...
  • Vitamin D and mortality: meta-analysis of individual participant data from a large consortium of cohort studies from Europe and the United States 

    Schöttker, B; Jorde, Rolf; Peasey, A; Thorand, B; Jansen, EH; De Groot, L.; Streppel, M; Gardiner, J; Ordóñez-Mena, JM; Perna, L; Wilsgaard, Tom; Rathmann, W; Feskens, E; Kampman, E; Siganos, Galatios; Njølstad, Inger; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Kubínová, R; Pajak, A; Topor-Madry, R; Tamosiunas, A; Hughes, M; Kee, F; Bobak, M; Trichopoulou, A; Boffetta, P; Brenner, H (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-06-17)
    Objective To investigate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations (25(OH)D) and mortality in a large consortium of cohort studies paying particular attention to potential age, sex, season, and country differences.<p> <p>Design Meta-analysis of individual participant data of eight prospective cohort studies from Europe and the US. <p>Setting General population. <p>P ...
  • The Association Between Self-Reported Symptoms of Recent Airway Infection and CRP Values in a General Population 

    Melbye, Hasse; Amundsen, Kristine; Brox, Jan; Eggen, Anne Elise (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011-11-17)
    C-reactive protein (CRP) is a much used biomarker for respiratory tract infection; however, the influence of airway infection on the CRP level in the general population has not been well described. The study aimed to evaluate the impact of recent symptoms of airway infection on the CRP level and how the predictive power of other known CRP predictors is influenced by taking respiratory symptoms ...
  • Experiences of stigma amongst HIV-positive people encountering the healthcare system in Scandinavia: a systematic review. 

    Syse, Kathrine (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-06-01)
    Abstract Objective: This systematic review aims to investigate the experiences of HIV-related stigma among people living with HIV in Scandinavia Introduction: Stigma has existed for centuries, with some groups of people being more prone to stigma than others, one example being people living with HIV. HIV-related stigma has existed from the beginning of the epidemic, 1980's, and may still be ...
  • Effects of psychological and psychosocial interventions for refugees: a systematic review 

    Openshaw, Elise Holtan (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-30)
    In this systematic review, I investigated the effect of psychological and psychosocial interventions for refugees. The objective of this master thesis was to look at the effects of psychological and psychosocial intervention on PTSD and/or depression for adult refugees in Europe who suffers from PTSD and/or depression.
  • Physicians’ leadership styles in rural primary medical care: How are they perceived by staff? 

    Hana, jan; Kirkhaug, Rudi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-02-17)
    Aim. This study investigates which leadership styles can be identifi ed among general practice lead physicians and how they are associated with and predicted by staff and context characteristics like profession, gender, age, work experience, and team size. Method/material. In a cross-sectional study self-administered questionnaires were distributed to staff physicians (42% females) and support ...
  • Economic aspects of the DHIS2 contact tracing system as part of the COVID-19 strategy in Tromsø municipality 

    Sanoja, Johanna (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-05-31)
    <p><i>Background:</i> The corona virus pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus begun in Norway in 2020. The Norwegian government decided that test-identify-trace-quarantine is the main national strategy fighting against the pandemic. From municipalities this required contact tracing actions to maintain the number of transmissions as low as possible. There was no earlier experience of contact tracing ...
  • Cross-sectional associations of objectively measured physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness and anthropometry in european adults 

    Wientzek, A; Tormo Diaz, MJ; Castano, JMH; Amiano, P; Arriola, L; Overvad, K; Østergaard, JN; Charles, MA; Fagherazzi, G; Palli, D; Bendinelli, B; Skeie, Guri; Borch, Kristin Benjaminsen; Wendel-Vos, W; De Hollander, E; May, AM; Den Ouden, ME; Trichopoulou, A; Valanou, E; Soderberg, S; Franks, PW; Brage, S; Vigl, M; Boeing, H; Ekelund, Ulf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-06-26)
    Objective: To quantify the independent associations between objectively measured physical activity (PA), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and anthropometry in European men and women.<p> <p>Methods: 2,056 volunteers from 12 centers across Europe were fitted with a heart rate and movement sensor at 2 visits 4 months apart for a total of 8 days. CRF (ml/kg/min) was estimated from an 8 minute ramped ...
  • Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cancer in the Swedish women's lifestyle and health cohort 

    Löf, Marie; Sandin, Sven; Lagiou, Pagona; Trichopoulos, Dimitri; Adami, Hans-Olov; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010-12-02)
    Objective To investigate whether intake of fruits and vegetables is associated with overall cancer incidence in a large prospective cohort of women in Sweden characterised by young age at enrolment (30–49 years) and relatively low intake of fruits and vegetables.<p> <p>Methods We followed prospectively 49,261 women, who completed a food frequency questionnaire in 1991–1992. A total of 2,347 ...
  • Increased risk of atrial fibrillation among elderly Norwegian men with a history of long-term endurance sport practice 

    Myrstad, Marius; Løchen, Maja-Lisa; Graff-Iversen, Sidsel; Gulsvik, Anne Kristine; Thelle, Dag Steinar; Stigum, Hein; Ranhoff, Anette Hylen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-11-21)
    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. The prevalence increases with increasing age. In middle-aged men, endurance sport practice is associated with increased risk of AF but there are few studies among elderly people. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of long-term endurance sport practice as a risk factor for AF in elderly men. A crosssectional study ...
  • Validity of a short questionnaire to assess physical activity in 10 European countries 

    Peters, Tricia; Brage, Søren; Westgate, Kate; Franks, Paul W.; Gradmark, Anna; Diaz, Maria Jose Tormo; Huerta, Jose Maria; Bendinelli, Benedetta; Vigl, Matthaeus; Boeing, Heiner; Wendel-Vos, Wanda; Spijkerman, Annemieke; Borch, Kristin Benjaminsen; Valanou, Elisavet; Guillain, Bladine de Lauzon; Clavel-Chapelon, Françoise; Sharp, Stephen; Kerrison, Nicola; Langenberg, Claudia; Arriola, Larraitz; Barricarte, Aurelio; Gonzales, Carlos; Grioni, Sara; Kaaks, Rudolf; Key, Timothy; Khaw, Kay Tee; May, Anne; Nilsson, Peter; Norat, Teresa; Overvad, Kim; Palli, Domenico; Panico, Salvatore; Quirós, José Ramón; Ricceri, Fulvio; Sanchez, Maria-Jose; Slimani, Nadia; Tjonneland, Anne; Tumino, Rosario; Feskens, Edith; Riboli, Elio; Ekelund, Ulf; Wareham, Nick (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011-11-17)
  • Courteous but not curious: how doctors' politeness masks their existential neglect. A qualitative study of video-recorded patient consultations 

    Agledahl, Kari Milch; Gulbrandsen, Pål; Førde, Reidun; Wifstad, Åge (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011-05-24)
    Objective To study how doctors care for their patients, both medically and as fellow humans, through observing their conduct in patient–doctor encounters.<p> <p>Design Qualitative study in which 101 videotaped consultations were observed and analysed using a Grounded Theory approach, generating explanatory categories through a hermeneutical analysis of the taped consultations. <p>Setting A ...
  • Predictors of exacerbations of asthma and COPD during one year in primary care 

    Al-ani, Salwan Tariq; Spigt, Marcus; Hofset, Per; Melbye, Hasse (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-10-10)
    Aims. To investigate the incidence of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations in primary care during one year and to identify risk factors for such events.<p> <p>Methods. The study was carried out at seven general practice offices in Norway. Patients aged 40 years or more registered with a diagnosis of asthma and/or COPD the previous 5 years were included. After a ...
  • Mediterranean dietary pattern and cancer risk in the EPIC cohort 

    Couto, Elisabeth; Boffetta, Paolo; Lagiou, P; Ferrari, P; Buckland, G; Overvad, K; Dahm, CC; Tjonneland, A; Olsen, A; Clavel-Chapelon, F; Boutron-Ruault, MC; Cottet, V; Trichopoulos, D; Naska, A.; Benetou, V; Kaaks, R; Rohrmann, S; Boeing, H; von Ruesten, A; Panico, S; Pala, V; Vineis, P; Palli, D; Tumino, R; May, A; Peeters, PH; Bueno-de-Mesquita, HB; Buchner, FL; Lund, Eiliv; Skeie, Guri; Engeset, Dagrun; Gonzalez, CA; Navarro, C; Rodriguez, L; Sanchez, MJ; Amiano, P; Barricarte, A; Hallmans, G; Johansson, I; Manjer, J; Wirfart, E; Allen, NE; Crowe, F; Khaw, KT; Wareham, N; Moskal, A; Slimani, N; Jenab, M; Romaguera, D; Mouw, T; Norat, T; Riboli, E; Trichopoulou, A (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011-04-05)
    BACKGROUND: Although several studies have investigated the association of the Mediterranean diet with overall mortality or risk of specific cancers, data on overall cancer risk are sparse.<p> <p>METHODS: We examined the association between adherence to Mediterranean dietary pattern and overall cancer risk using data from the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and nutrition, a multi-centre ...
  • Mapping the concept, content, and outcome of family-based outdoor therapy for children and adolescents with mental health problems: a scoping review. 

    Stea, Tonje Holte; Jong, Miek; Fegran, Liv; Sejersted, Ellen; Jong, Mats; Wahlgren, Sofia L.H.; Fernee, Carina Ribe (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-10)
    Outdoor therapy and family-based therapy are suggested to be promising interventions for the treatment of mental health problems. The aim of the present scoping review was to systematically map the concept, content, and outcome of combining family- and outdoor-based therapy for children and adolescents with mental health problems. The Joanna Briggs Institute methodology and PRISMA guidelines were ...
  • Peer support in an outpatient clinic for people living with human immunodeficiency virus: a qualitative study of service users’ experiences 

    Øgård-Repål, Anita; Berg, Rigmor; Skogen, Vegard; Fossum, Mariann (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-25)
    <p><b>Background:</b> Although human immunodefciency virus (HIV) has become a manageable condition with increasing life expectancy, people living with HIV (PLHIV) are still often isolated from society due to stigma and discrimination. Peer support provides one avenue for increased social support. Given the limited research on peer support from the perspective of PLHIV, this study explored their ...
  • Gratis frokost i videregående skole fra kantinepersonell sitt perspektiv - en kvalitativ studie 

    Theodorsen, Merete (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-13)
    Bakgrunn: Skolemåltider er på den politiske dagsorden og Regjeringen foreslår gradvis innføring av et daglig måltid i skolen. Ulike skolemåltider er prøvd ut i Norge, men lite er knyttet til forskning. De fleste videregående skoler har kantiner og kantinepersonell kan sitte på verdifull erfaring og opplevelser som vil være nyttig ved innføring av skolemåltider nasjonalt. Hensikt: Undersøke ...
  • Plasma 25 hydroxyvitamin D level and blood gene expression profiles: a cross-sectional study of the Norwegian Women and Cancer Post-genome Cohort 

    Olsen, Karina Standahl; Rylander, Charlotta; Brustad, Magritt; Aksnes, Lage; Lund, Eiliv (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-03-06)
    Background/Objectives: Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with increased risk of developing several diseases, but much is unknown about the molecular effects involved. Gene expression technology is increasingly being used to elucidate molecular mechanisms related to nutritional factors, and in this study of free-living, middle-aged Norwegian women, we aimed at identifying gene expression ...
  • An epidemiologic risk prediction model for ovarian cancer in Europe: The EPIC study 

    Li, Kuanrong; Hüsing, Anika; Fortner, Renée Turzanski; Tjønneland, Anne; Hansen, Louise Seier; Dossus, Laure; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Bergmann, Manuela M.; Steffen, Annika; Bamia, Christina; Trichopoulos, Dimitrios; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Palli, Domenico; Mattiello, Amalia; Agnoli, Claudia; Tumino, Rosaria; Onland-Moret, N. Charlotte; Peeters, Petra H.; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas; Gram, Inger Torhild; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Sánchez-Cantalejo, Emilio; Chirlaque, María-Dolores; Duell, Eric J.; Ardanaz, Eva; Idahl, Annika; Lundin, Eva; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Travis, Ruth C.; Merritt, Melissa A.; Gunter, Marc J.; Riboli, Elio; Ferrari, Pietro; Terry, Kathryn L.; Cramer, Daniel William; Kaaks, Rudolf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-03-05)
    Background: Ovarian cancer has a high case-fatality ratio, largely due to late diagnosis. Epidemiologic risk prediction models could help identify women at increased risk who may benefit from targeted prevention measures, such as screening or chemopreventive agents.<p> <p>Methods: We built an ovarian cancer risk prediction model with epidemiologic risk factors from 202 206 women in the European ...

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