Recent additions

  • The cost of saying no: general practitioners’ gatekeeping role in sickness absence certification 

    Hoff, Eivor Hovde; Kraft, Kristian Bandlien; Moe, Cathrine Fredriksen; Nylenna, Magne; Østby, Kristian Amundsen; Mykletun, Arnstein (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-12)
    Background General practitioners (GPs) have an important gatekeeping role in the Norwegian sickness insurance system. This role includes limiting access to paid sick leave when this is not justified according to sick leave criteria. 85% of GPs in Norway operate within a fee-for-service system that incentivises short consultations and high service provision. In this qualitative study, we explore ...
  • The Association between the Energy-adjusted Dietary Inflammatory Index and the Risk of Colorectal Cancer in The Norwegian Women and Cancer Study (NOWAC) 

    Berg, Anna Emilie Vinje (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2023-05-15)
    Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancer types and a leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Norwegian women had the highest incidence rate in 2020 compared to women in other countries. Existing evidence suggests that the dietary inflammatory potential is associated with the risk of CRC and that the risk may vary by anatomical subsite. However, the findings are inconsistent ...
  • Associations between intake of dairy products and colorectal lesions in the Norwegian CRCbiome study: a cross-sectional study 

    Grønvik, Frøya Berg (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2023-05-15)
    Background: Intake of dairy is associated with lower risk of CRC. It is, however, unclear whether this risk reduction applies to all types of dairy products and whether it also applies to precancerous lesions. Aim/objective: To examine the association between intake of dairy products and CRC screening findings (non-advanced lesions and advanced colorectal lesions (ACN)) in participants with a ...
  • Effect of ketosis on pain and quality of life in women with lipedema. 

    Sandnes, Frida Huhta (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-13)
    Background: Lipedema is an adipose tissue condition in females characterized by immobility, pain, and reduced quality of life (QoL). Recent publications indicate that ketogenic diets may induce symptom relief in women with lipedema. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of a low-energy ketogenic diet on pain and QoL in women with lipedema, compared to a low-energy non-ketogenic ...
  • Sexual health at 5 years after diagnosis of head and neck cancer 

    Humbert, M.; Lequesne, J.; Licaj, Idlir; Bon-Mardion, N.; Bouhnik, A.D.; Huyghe, E.; Dugue, J.; Babin, E.; Rhamati, L. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-08-24)
    Purpose - Sexual health (SH) is an emerging concern in the assessment of quality of life in patients surviving head and neck cancer (HNC). Using data from the French National Prospective VICAN Survey, this study aimed to assess SH deterioration five years after HNC diagnosis and related factors.<p> <p>Methods - Using univariate and multivariate analyses were performed in the 241 HNC survivors. ...
  • COVID-19 psychological impact in general practitioners: A longitudinal study 

    Lange, Marie; Licaj, Idlir; Stroiazzo, Rhéda; Rabiaza, Andry; Le Bas, Jeanne; Le Bas, François; Humbert, Xavier (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2023-04-07)
    <p><i>Introduction</i> COVID-19 may have negatively impacted the mental health of front-line healthcare workers, including general practitioners (GPs). This study sought to assess the psychological impact (stress, burnout and self-efficacy) of the COVID-19 outbreak in French GPs. <p><i>Methods</i> We carried out a postal-based survey of all GPs who worked in the French region of Normandy (departments ...
  • Educational gradient in dental caries 

    Moltubakk, Silje Navjord (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-03-24)
    Background: Dental health is an important aspect and a key indicator of general health. However, detailed data on dental health in the adult population in Norway is lacking. Literature indicates that people with lower socioeconomic position (SEP) have significantly poorer dental health than people with higher SEP. For example, adults in Norway with higher education report better self-reported ...
  • Supporting Personal Growth in Childhood, Adolescent and Young-Adult Cancer Survivors Through Challenges in Nature — A Qualitative Study of WAYA Wilderness Programme Participation 

    Jong, Mats; Stub, Trine; Jong, Miek. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-03-08)
    Background - Childhood, adolescent and young-adult (AYA) cancer survivors often experience health problems due to late or long-term effects of their cancer or the treatment thereof. The general population gains health benefits from immersion in nature, and nature-based programmes seem to be an intervention that can promote health among childhood and AYA cancer survivors.<p> <p>Objective - To ...
  • Ethnic discrimination and mental health in the Sámi population in Sweden: The SámiHET study 

    La Parra-Casado, Daniel; San Sebastian, Miguel; Stoor, Jon Petter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-03-08)
    Aims: To assess the association between experiences of discrimination and mental health among the Sámi population in Sweden.<p> <p>Methods: Cross-sectional study among the self-identified Sámi population living in Sweden in 2021, registered in the electoral roll of the Sámi Parliament, the reindeer mark register and the ‘Labour statistics based on administrative sources’. The analysis was based ...
  • Clinical Synthetic Data Generation to Predict and Identify Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseases 

    García-Vicente, Clara; Chushig-Muzo, David; Mora-Jimenez, Inmaculada; Fabelo, Himar; Gram, Inger Torhild; Løchen, Maja-Lisa; Granja, Conceição; Soguero-Ruiz, Cristina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-01-21)
    Noncommunicable diseases are among the most significant health threats in our society, being cardiovascular diseases (CVD) the most prevalent. Because of the severity and prevalence of these illnesses, early detection and prevention are critical for reducing the worldwide health and economic burden. Though machine learning (ML) methods usually outperform conventional approaches in many domains, class ...
  • The health experience of the COVID-19 pandemic among the Sámi in Sweden : a cross-sectional comparative study. 

    Maria Nilsson, Lena; San Sebastian, Miguel; Stoor, Jon Petter Anders (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023)
    There is an international concern that the COVID-19 pandemic could have had serious effects on Indigenous peoples’ livelihoods and health. To our knowledge, no research has been published regarding the impact of COVID-19 on the lives of the Sámi people. The aim of this study is to assess the health care and social experience of the pre-vaccine phase of the COVID-19 pandemic among the Sámi, in ...
  • Early menarche and other endocrine disrupting effects of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in adolescents from Northern Norway. The Fit Futures study 

    Averina, Maria; Huber, Sandra; Almås, Bjørg; Brox, Jan; Jacobsen, Bjarne K.; Furberg, Anne-Sofie; Grimnes, Guri (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-11-19)
    Background: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) comprise a large group of chemicals that are ubiquitous in the environment and include recognized persistent organic pollutants. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate possible endocrine disrupting effects of different PFAS in adolescents. <p> <p>Methods: Serum concentrations of PFAS, thyroid, parathyroid and steroid hormones ...
  • Radiation-induced effects on TGF-beta and PDGF receptor signaling in cancer-associated fibroblasts 

    Yang, Nannan; Hellevik, Turid; Berzaghi, Rodrigo; Martinez, Inigo Zubiavrre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-03-15)
    Background - Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) consist of heterogeneous connective tissue cells and are often constituting the most abundant cell type in the tumor stroma. Radiation effects on tumor stromal components like CAFs in the context of radiation treatment is not well-described.<p> <p>Aim - This study explores potential changes induced by ionizing radiation (IR) on platelet-derived ...
  • Transcranial direct current stimulation for chronic headaches, a randomized, controlled trial 

    Hervik, Jill Angela; Vika, Karl Solbue; Stub, Trine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-27)
    Background and objectives: Chronic headaches are a frequent cause of pain and disability. The purpose of this randomized trial was to examine whether transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) applied to the primary motor cortex, reduces pain and increases daily function in individuals suffering from primary chronic headache.<p> <p>Materials and methods: A prospective, randomized, controlled ...
  • Associations Between Self-Rated Health and Mortality in the Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) Study 

    Killie, Ida Løken; Braaten, Tonje Bjørndal; Lorem, Geir Fagerjord; Borch, Kristin Benjaminsen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-20)
    Purpose: We investigated the association between self-rated health (SRH) and cancer incidence and SRH and all-cause mortality among Norwegian women.<p> <p>Population and Methods: We used data from 110,104 women in the Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) cohort aged 41– 70 years at baseline. We used flexible parametric survival analysis with restricted cubic splines to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) ...
  • Characteristics of urban neighbourhood environments and cognitive age in mid-age and older adults 

    Soloveva, Maria V.; Poudel, Govinda; Barnett, Anthony; Shaw, Jonathan E.; Martino, Erika; Knibbs, Luke D.; Anstey, Kaarin J.; Cerin, Ester (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-07-12)
    In this cross-sectional study, we examined the extent to which features of the neighbourhood natural, built, and socio-economic environments were related to cognitive age in adults (N = 3418, Mage = 61 years) in Australia. Machine learning estimated an individual's cognitive age from assessments of processing speed, verbal memory, premorbid intelligence. A ’cognitive age gap’ was calculated by ...
  • Dietary intake of total, heme and non-heme iron and the risk of colorectal cancer in a European prospective cohort study 

    Aglago, Elom K.; Cross, Amanda J.; Riboli, Elio; Fedirko, Veronika; Hughes, David J.; Fournier, Agnes; Jakszyn, Paula; Freisling, Heinz; Gunter, Marc J.; Dahm, Christina C.; Overvad, Kim; Tjønneland, Anne; Kyrø, Cecilie; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Rothwell, Joseph A.; Severi, Gianluca; Katzke, Verena; Srour, Bernard; Schulze, Matthias B.; Wittenbecher, Clemens; Palli, Domenico; Sieri, Sabina; Pasanisi, Fabrizio; Tumino, Rosario; Ricceri, Fulvio; Bueno-de-Mesquita, Bas; Derksen, Jeroen W. G.; Skeie, Guri; Jensen, Torill; Lukic, Marko; Sánchez, Maria-Jose; Amiano, Pilar; Colorado-Yohar, Sandra; Barricarte, Aurelio; Ericson, Ulrika; van Guelpen, Bethany; Papier, Keren; Knuppel, Anika; Casagrande, Corinne; Huybrechts, Inge; Heath, Alicia K.; Tsilidis, Konstantinos K.; Jenab, Mazda (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-02-09)
    Background - Iron is an essential micronutrient with differing intake patterns and metabolism between men and women. Epidemiologic evidence on the association of dietary iron and its heme and non-heme components with colorectal cancer (CRC) development is inconclusive.<p> <p>Methods - We examined baseline dietary questionnaire-assessed intakes of total, heme, and non-heme iron and CRC risk in the ...
  • Calcium Intake and Lung Cancer Risk: A Pooled Analysis of 12 Prospective Cohort Studies 

    Takata, Yumie; Yang, Jae Jeong; Yu, Danxia; Smith-Warner, Stephanie A.; Blot, William J.; White, Emily; Robien, Kimberly; Prizment, Anna; Wu, Kana; Sawada, Norie; Lan, Qing; Park, Yikyung; Gao, Yu-Tang; Cai, Qiuyin; Song, Mingyang; Zhang, Xuehong; Pan, Kathy; Agudo, Antonio; Panico, Salvatore; Liao, Linda M.; Tsugane, Shoichiro; Chlebowski, Rowan T.; Nøst, Therese Haugdahl; Schulze, Matthias B.; Johannson, Mattias; Zheng, Wei; Shu, Xiao-Ou (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-03-11)
    Background - Previous studies on calcium intake and lung cancer risk reported inconsistent associations, possibly due to the differences in intake amounts and contributing sources of calcium and smoking prevalence.<p> <p>Objectives - We investigated the associations of lung cancer risk with intake of calcium from foods and/or supplements and major calcium-rich foods in 12 studies.<p> <p>Methods ...
  • Evaluering av pilotprosjekt med primærhelseteam og alternative finansieringsordninger. Statusrapport I 

    Abelsen, Birgit; Gaski, Margrete; Godager, Geir; Iversen, Tor; Løyland, Hanna Isabel; Pedersen, Kine; Sten-gahmberg, Susanna; Sæther, Erik Magnus (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2019)
    Fra 1. april 2018 prøves primærhelseteam ut som en organisasjonsform med teamorganisering og to alternative finansieringsmodeller ved 13 fastlegekontor i ni kommuner. Forsøket administreres av Helsedirektoratet og skal pågå i tre år. Forsøket evalueres av en samarbeidskonstellasjon av forskere fra Universitetet i Oslo, Universitetet i Tromsø og Oslo Economics. I denne rapporten beskriver vi status ...
  • Fokus på sammenhæng mellem klima, sundhed og økonomi er nødvendigt for et bæredygtigt sundhedsvæsen 

    Arnadottir, Asthildur; Jessen, Nanna Holt; Risør, Torsten; Hansen, Malene Plejdrup; Gaden, Maria; Søndergaard, Jens (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-11-13)
    Bæredygtighed indebærer at tænke langsigtet og i netværk af forbindelser, som i sidste ende har global effekt. Det skal inkluderes i de sundhedsvidenskabelige uddannelser.

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