Recent additions

  • Current situation of paediatric chronic pain in Switzerland: prevalence and paediatricians’ experiences 

    Carlander, Maria (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-07-10)
    Background: Chronic pain (CP) prevalence in children and adolescents has been increasing over the past decades. The patient-reported prevalence is around 25% depending on the methodology and location of pain. Chronic pain is defined in this study as persisting or recurrent pain that has lasted longer than three months. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of chronic pain in children and adolescents ...
  • Managing chronic illnesses with remote patient monitoring in primary health care 

    Muller, Ashley Elizabeth; Ormstad, Sari Susanna; Jardim, Patricia; Johansen, Trine Bjerke; Berg, Rigmor (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2020-03)
    Remote patient monitoring (RPM) allows for the real-time transmission of health data, evaluation of this data, and appropriate follow-up. This allows providers to monitor the health status of chronically ill patients and quickly adjust treatment regimes, without requiring that patients continually visit providers’ offices.<p><p> We summarized systematic reviews of a specific type of RPM that the ...
  • Teen mothers and the use of antenatal care services in Georgia 2017 – 2019: A cross-sectional study 

    Carter, Reed Andrew (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-30)
    Teenage mothers are a particularly vulnerable population with a high risk of adverse health outcomes such as premature births and asphyxia compared to non-teen mothers. The Caucasus region historically has high rates of teenage pregnancies. The republic of Georgia is no exception therefore, this study aims to determine the utilization of ANC services of teens in order to ensure they are receiving ...
  • Hepatitis C virus screening attendance and its relation to age, education, geographic region and perinatal mortality - Georgian Birth Registry 2017/2018 

    Pajovic, Aleksandra (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-28)
    Introduction: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes a liver disease hepatitis C, which can manifest in acute and chronic form, with potentially life-threatening complications. Globally, in 2017, there were approximately 115 million HCV infected people. Currently, screening for HCV during pregnancy is offered to all pregnant women in a very few countries in the world. Importance of screening every pregnant ...
  • Privacy-preserving architecture for providing feedback to clinicians on their clinical performance 

    Yigzaw, Kassaye Yitbarek; Budrionis, Andrius; Ruiz, Luis Marco; Henriksen, Torje Dahle; Halvorsen, Peder Andreas; Bellika, Johan Gustav (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-22)
    <i>Background</i> - Learning from routine healthcare data is important for the improvement of the quality of care. Providing feedback on clinicians’ performance in comparison to their peers has been shown to be more efficient for quality improvements. However, the current methods for providing feedback do not fully address the privacy concerns of stakeholders.<p><p> <i>Methods</i> - The paper ...
  • Shoulder and neck pain in female office employees in Tromsø 

    Shrestha, Rejina (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-07-04)
    Objective- To determine the prevalence and predictors of neck and shoulder pain in female office workers in Tromsø. Methods- A cross-sectional study was performed using population- based data from the Tromsø 6 study which was carried out between 2007 and 2008. The population under study were 619 female office workers. Information regarding individual factors, lifestyle factors and work factors ...
  • A Probabilistic Bag-to-Class Approach to Multiple-Instance Learning 

    Møllersen, Kajsa; Hardeberg, Jon Yngve; Godtliebsen, Fred (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-26)
    Multi-instance (MI) learning is a branch of machine learning, where each object (bag) consists of multiple feature vectors (instances)—for example, an image consisting of multiple patches and their corresponding feature vectors. In MI classification, each bag in the training set has a class label, but the instances are unlabeled. The instances are most commonly regarded as a set of points in a ...
  • The Northern Norway mother-and-child contaminant cohort study: implementation, population characteristics and summary of dietary findings 

    Veyhe, Anna Sofia; Hansen, Solrunn; Sandanger, Torkjel Manning; Nieboer, Evert; Odland, Jon Øyvind (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012-05-28)
    <p><i>Objectives.</i> To describe the essential features of a new Northern Norway mother-and-child contaminant cohort study called MISA, including its rationale, content, implementation and selected findings (mostly dietary). <p><i>Study design. </i>Cross-sectional with longitudinal aspects. <p><i>Methods.</i> Five hundred and fifteen eligible women were enrolled in early pregnancy, with 391 ...
  • The art of yoik in care: Sami caregivers' experiences in dementia in Northern Norway 

    Hämäläinen, Soile; Musial, Frauke; Graff, Ola; Schirmer, Henrik; Salamonsen, Anita; Mehus, Grete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-26)
    <i>Purpose</i>: Yoik is the traditional vocal art of the Sami, the indigenous people of Fennoscandia. The Sami people, their land and their culture have been subject to colonisation and assimilation for centuries, hence the practice of yoik was lost in many regions. Despite an increasing awareness of the benefits of health musicking, yoik is only sporadically included in musicking practices in ...
  • Measuring progress and projecting attainment on the basis of past trends of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals in 188 countries: an analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 

    Fullman, Nancy; Barber, Ryan M.; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abdulle, Abdishakur M.; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Aboyans, Victor; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. E.; Aryal, Krishna Kumar; Htet, Aung Soe; Kisa, Adnan; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Vollset, Stein Emil; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-09-12)
    <p><i>BACKGROUND: </i> The UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are grounded in the global ambition of "leaving no one behind". Understanding today's gains and gaps for the health-related SDGs is essential for decision makers as they aim to improve the health of populations. As part of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016), we measured 37 of the 50 ...
  • Physical exercise and chronic pain in university students 

    Grasdalsmoen, Michael; Engdahl, Bo Lars; Fjeld, Mats Kirkeby; Steingrímsdóttir, Ólöf Anna; Nielsen, Christopher Sivert; Eriksen, Hege Randi; Lønning, Kari Jussie; Sivertsen, Børge (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-26)
    <i>Background</i> - Physical inactivity and chronic pain are both major public health concerns worldwide. Although the health benefits of regular physical exercise are well-documented, few large epidemiological studies have investigated the association between specific domains of physical exercise and chronic pain in young adults. We sought to investigate the association between frequency, intensity ...
  • Har jordmødre og helsesøstre i Nord-Norge nødvendig kunnskap om det essensielle sporstoffet jod og om jodstatus blant gravide og ammende kvinner? MISA 2-undersøkelsen 2017–2018 

    Nygård, Marie Engdal (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-06-27)
    Sammendrag Bakgrunn: Mild til moderat jodmangel er påvist hos gravide og ammende kvinner i Norge, noe som kan påvirke hjerneutviklingen til fosteret og redusere barnets IQ. Jordmødre og helsesøstre har en sentral rolle i veiledning av utsatte grupper knyttet til svangerskap og ammeperiode. Denne studien evaluerer i hvilken grad jordmødre og helsesøstre i Nord-Norge har nødvendig kunnskap om jod ...
  • Lifetime ultraviolet radiation exposure and DNA methylation in blood leukocytes: The Norwegian Women and Cancer Study 

    Page, Christian; Djordjilovic, Vera; Nøst, Therese Haugdahl; Ghiasvand, Reza; Sandanger, Torkjel M; Frigessi Di Rattalma, Arnoldo; Thoresen, Magne; Veierød, Marit Bragelien (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2020-03-11)
    Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure is a leading cause of skin cancers and an ubiquitous environmental exposure. However, the molecular mechanisms relating UVR exposure to melanoma is not fully understood. We aimed to investigate if lifetime UVR exposure could be robustly associated to DNA methylation (DNAm). We assessed DNAm in whole blood in three data sets (n = 183, 191, and 125) from the Norwegian ...
  • Periodontal health in an indigenous Sámi population in Northern Norway: A cross-sectional study 

    Bongo, Ann Kristine Sara; Brustad, Magritt; Oscarson, Nils; Jönsson, Birgitta (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-10)
    <i>Background</i> - The aim of the study was to describe prevalence, severity and distribution of periodontal disease as well as associated risk factors in an indigenous Sámi population in Northern Norway, and to investigate differences between the indigenous Sámi and the non-Sámi population.<p><p> <i>Methods</i> - This cross-sectional study included data from the Dental Health in the North study ...
  • Quality of family planning counseling in Ethiopia: Trends and determinants of information received by female modern contraceptive users, evidence from national survey data, (2014- 2018) 

    Hrusa, Gili; Spigt, Marcus; Dejene, Tariku; Shiferaw, Solomon (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-10)
    <p><i>Background - </i>Family planning counseling is critical for women to make informed reproductive and sexual health decisions. Despite Ethiopia's success in expanding access to family planning services, information on the quality of family planning counseling is limited. The objectives of this study were to assess whether the quality of counseling from the female client´s perspective has changed ...
  • Pharmacological management of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors (blood pressure and lipids) following diagnosis of myocardial infarction, stroke and diabetes: Comparison between population-based studies in Russia and Norway 

    Cook, Sarah Anne; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Eggen, Anne Elise; Bates, Katie; Iakunchykova, Olena; Kontsevaya, Anna; McKee, Martin; Schirmer, Henrik; Voevoda, Michael; Kudryavtsev, Alexander V; Malyutina, Sofia; Leon, David A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-19)
    <i>Background</i> - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality is substantially higher in Russia than in neighbouring Norway. We aimed to compare blood pressure- and lipid-lowering medication use and proportion meeting treatment targets between general population samples in the two countries in those with CVD and diabetes.<p><p> <i>Methods</i> - The study population was adults aged 40–69 years reporting ...
  • Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health in the Border Areas of Euro-Arctic Barents Region: A Review of 30-Year Russian–Norwegian Research Collaboration Outcomes 

    Chashchin, Valery; Gorbanev, Sergei; Thomassen, Yngvar; Nieboer, Evert; Ellingsen, Dag; Syurin, Sergei; Nikanov, Alaksandr; Chashchin, Max; Odland, Jon Øyvind (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-30)
    This year marks 30 years of close collaboration between a consortium of institutions, namely, the Northwest Public Health Research Center, Saint-Petersburg (NWPHRC); the Institute of Community Medicine (ICM) of UiT (The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø); the National Institute of Occupational Health (NIOH), Oslo; the University Hospital of Northern Norway (UNN) at Tromsø; and McMaster University ...
  • Uncontrolled and apparent treatment-resistant hypertension: a cross-sectional study of Russian and Norwegian 40–69 year olds 

    Petersen, Jakob; Malyutina, Sofia; Ryabikov, Andrey; Kontsevaya, Anna; Kudryavtsev, Alexander V; Eggen, Anne Elise; McKee, Martin; Cook, Sarah Anne; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Schirmer, Henrik; Leon, David Adrew (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-13)
    <i>Background</i> - Uncontrolled hypertension is a major cardiovascular risk factor. We examined uncontrolled hypertension and differences in treatment regimens between a high-risk country, Russia, and low-risk Norway to gain better understanding of the underlying factors.<p><p> <i>Methods</i> - Population-based survey data on 40–69 year olds with hypertension defined as taking antihypertensives ...
  • Relationships between metabolic markers and obesity measures in two populations that differ in stature - The SAMINOR Study 

    Michalsen, Vilde Lehne; Braaten, Tonje; Kvaløy, Kirsti; Melhus, Marita; Broderstad, Ann Ragnhild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-03)
    <i>Background</i> - The relationships between metabolic markers and obesity measures may differ by ethnicity, sex, and height. Questions have been posed whether these relationships differ by ethnicity in the population in Northern Norway, but this has not been explored yet.<p><p> <i>Objectives</i> - Investigate the relationships between metabolic markers and obesity measures in Sami and non‐Sami ...
  • How Dangerous Is Your Mind: Are There Health-Related Risks of Placebo/Nocebo Responses? 

    Musial, Frauke; Enck, Paul (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-05)

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