Recent additions

  • Short-term balance training and acute effects on postural sway in balance-deficient older adults: a randomized controlled trial 

    Sörlén, Niklas; Hult, Andreas; Nordström, Peter; Nordström, Anna; Johansson, Jonas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-09)
    <p>Background: We aimed to determine the effectiveness of 4 weeks of balance exercise compared with no intervention on objectively measured postural sway. <p>Methods: This was a single-center parallel randomized controlled, open label, trial. A six-sided dice was used for allocation at a 1:1-ratio between exercise and control. The trial was performed at a university hospital clinic in Sweden and ...
  • Level of education and HIV viral load suppression in a population under universal anti-retroviral therapy in eSwatini 

    Dlamini, Thembelihle Ntokozo (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-05-31)
    <p>Introduction: HIV/AIDS continues to be amongst the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. There is no approved cure for HIV, but the disease can be managed using Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART). If drug adherence of about 95% is achieved, odds for a better clinical outcome increase. The level of education as a marker for many socio- economic status indicators has an impact ...
  • Causal modelling of variation in clinical practice and long-term outcomes of ADHD using Norwegian registry data: The ADHD controversy project 

    Mykletun, Arnstein; Widding-Havneraas, Tarjei; Chaulagain, Ashmita; Lyhmann, Ingvild; Bjelland, Ingvar; Halmøy, Anne; Elwert, Felix; Butterworth, Peter; Markussen, Simen; Zachrisson, Henrik Daae; Rypdal, Knut (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-19)
    <p><i>Introduction:</i> Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is among the most common mental disorders in children and adolescents, and it is a strong risk factor for several adverse psychosocial outcomes over the lifespan. There are large between-country and within-country variations in diagnosis and medication rates. Due to ethical and practical considerations, a few studies have examined ...
  • Medical malpractice in Norway: frequency and distribution of disciplinary actions for medical doctors 2011–2018 

    Harbitz, Martin Bruusgaard; Stensland, Per Steinar; Abelsen, Birgit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-09)
    <p>Background: Physicians who perform unsafe practices and harm patients may be disciplined. In Norway, there are five types of disciplinary action, ranging from a warning for the least serious examples of malpractice to loss of licence for the most serious ones. Disciplinary actions always involve medical malpractice. The aims of this study were to investigate the frequency and distribution of ...
  • Is the ongoing obesity epidemic partly explained by concurrent decline in cigarette smoking? Insights from a longitudinal population study. The Tromsø Study 1994–2016 

    Løvsletten, Ola; Njølstad, Inger; Wilsgaard, Tom; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Jacobsen, Bjarne K.; Bønaa, Kaare Harald; Eggen, Anne Elise; Løchen, Maja-Lisa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-23)
    <p>The increase of obesity coincides with a substantial decrease in cigarette smoking. We assessed post-cessation weight change and its contribution to the obesity epidemic in a general population in Norway. A total of 14,453 participants (52.6% women), aged 25–54 years in 1994, who attended at least two of four surveys in the Tromsø Study between 1994 and 2016, were included in the analysis. Hereof ...
  • Covid-19-related misinformation on social media: a systematic review 

    Gabarron Hortal, Elia Dolores; Oyeyemi, Sunday Oluwafemi; Wynn, Rolf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-19)
    Objective - To review misinformation related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on social media during the first phase of the pandemic and to discuss ways of countering misinformation.<p> <p>Methods - We searched PubMed®, Scopus, Embase®, PsycInfo and Google Scholar databases on 5 May 2020 and 1 June 2020 for publications related to COVID-19 and social media which dealt with misinformation ...
  • Health and wellbeing in Norway: Population norms and the social gradient 

    Olsen, Jan Abel; Lindberg, Marie Hella; Lamu, Admassu Nadew (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-03)
    Measures of health-related quality of life are important in health technology assessments, and useful when analysing health inequalities across population sub-groups. This paper provides population norms on health and wellbeing in Norway based on two waves of a comprehensive health survey: Wave 6 of The Tromsø Study conducted in 2007/08 (N = 12,981) and Wave 7 conducted in 2015/16 (N = 21,083). By ...
  • Gender differences in the influence of physical activity and non-smoking on risk of heart failure in a general population. A meta-analysis and systematic review 

    Andalibi Zadeh, Samira (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-30)
    <p>Background and Introduction: Heart failure (HF) is a serious disease, which shows poor prognoses and high morbidity in both genders. This results in enormous challenges for caregivers, researchers, and policy makers in addition to suffering of affected person and his or her family. There is some controversy regarding the association between life style factors and the incidence of HF in men and ...
  • Exploring the effects of lifestyle on breast cancer risk, age at diagnosis, and survival: the EBBA-Life study 

    Lofterød, Trygve; Frydenberg, Hanne; Flote, Vidar Gordon; Eggen, Anne Elise; McTiernan, A; Mortensen, Elin Synnøve; Akslen, Lars A.; Reitan, J. B.; Wilsgaard, Tom; Inger, Thune (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-20)
    <i>Purpose</i> - Whether an unfavorable lifestyle not only affects breast cancer risk, but also influences age at onset of breast cancer and survival, is under debate.<br><br> <i>Methods</i> - In a population-based cohort, the Energy Balance and Breast Cancer Aspects throughout life (EBBA-Life) study, a total of 17,145 women were included. During follow-up, 574 women developed invasive breast cancer. ...
  • Perceived Cognitive Impairment in Breast Cancer Survivors and Its Relationships with Psychological Factors 

    Clémence, Boscher; Florence, Joly; Bénédicte, Clarisse; Xavier, Humbert; Jean-Michel, Grellard; Giulia, Binarelli; Laure, Tron; Licaj, Idlir; Lange, Marie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-16)
    Cognitive complaints are common adverse effects for breast cancer survivors, with potential negative impacts on quality of life or return to work. Identifying subjects at risk could allow to reduce cognitive disorders or to set up appropriate care. In this study we explored current cognitive complaints reported by breast cancer survivors, using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cognition ...
  • Volume blood flow-based indices of fetal brain sparing in the second half of pregnancy: A longitudinal study 

    Stefopoulou, Maria; Johnson, Jonas; Wilsgaard, Tom; Lindgren, Peter; Herling, Lotta; Kiserud, Torvid; Acharya, Ganesh (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-07)
    <i>Introduction</i> - Cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) and umbilicocerebral ratio (UCR) are clinically used as a measure of fetal brain sparing. These are calculated as the ratios between the pulsatility indices (PIs) of middle cerebral (MCA) and umbilical (UA) arteries, and are an indirect representation of the balance between cerebral and placental perfusion. Volume blood flow (Q)‐based ratios, ie ...
  • Height and body-mass index trajectories of school-aged children and adolescents from 1985 to 2019 in 200 countries and territories: a pooled analysis of 2181 population-based studies with 65 million participants 

    Rodriguez-Martinez, Andrea; Zhou, Bin; Sophiea, Marisa K.; Bentham, James; Paciorek, Christopher J.; Turilli, Maria L.C.; Andersen, Lars Bo; Anderssen, Sigmund Alfred; Ariansen, Inger Kristine Holtermann; Bjertness, Espen; Bjertness, Marius Bergsmark; Ekelund, Ulf; Graff-Iversen, Sidsel; Grøholt, Else Karin; Haugsgjerd, Teresa Risan; Bergh, Ingunn Holden; Janszky, Imre; Kolle, Elin; Krokstad, Steinar; Madar, Ahmed Ali; Sen, Abhijit; Skodje, Gry Irene; Sørgjerd, Elin Pettersen; Nilsen, Bente; Steene-Johannessen, Jostein; Tarp, Jakob; Tell, Grete S.; Torheim, Liv Elin; Wilsgaard, Tom; Carrillo-Larco, Rodrigo M.; Bennett, James E.; Di Cesare, Mariachiara; Taddei, Cristina; Bixby, Honor; Stevens, Gretchen A.; Riley, Leanne M.; Cowan, Melanie J.; Savin, Stefan; Danaei, Goodarz; Chirita-Emandi, Adela; Kengne, Andre P; Khang, Young-Ho; Laxmaiah, Avula; Malekzadeh, Reza; Miranda, Jaime; Moon, Jin Soo; Popovic, Stevo; Sørensen, Thorkild I.A.; Soric, Maroje; Starc, Gregor (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-07)
    Background - Comparable global data on health and nutrition of school-aged children and adolescents are scarce. We aimed to estimate age trajectories and time trends in mean height and mean body-mass index (BMI), which measures weight gain beyond what is expected from height gain, for school-aged children and adolescents.<p> <p>Methods - For this pooled analysis, we used a database of cardiometabolic ...
  • Labour outcomes with defibulation at delivery in immigrant Somali and Sudanese women with type III female genital mutilation/cutting 

    Rouzi, Abdulrahim A.; Berg, Rigmor; Al-Wassia, Heidi; Alamoudi, Rana; Hariri, Wajeh; Sindi, Ghazi; Almansouri, Nisma; Sahly, Nora (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-24)
    INTRODUCTION There is a scarcity of studies on labour outcomes with defibulation. This study assessed the outcomes of labour with defibulation at delivery in women with type III female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) compared to labour without defibulation. METHODS We identified and reviewed the records of all Somali and Sudanese women who delivered at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, ...
  • Yersinia enterocolitica: A Follow-up of the Outbreak in the Norwegian Armed Forces in 2014 

    Borud, Einar Kristian; Håberg, Siri Eldevik; Norheim, Arne Johan; Strand, Leif Åge; Fadum, Elin Anita (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-28)
    Introduction - In the spring of 2014, there was an outbreak of Yersinia enterocolitica (YE) gastroenteritis in four Norwegian military camps—the largest outbreak ever reported in Norway. YE is usually transmitted via food, and the gastrointestinal disease caused by the bacterium is considered a public health problem in several countries. Common symptoms of YE gastroenteritis are abdominal pain, ...
  • Recurrent disease after treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia-The importance of a flawless definition of residual disease and length of follow-up 

    Bjørnerem, Mathilde Seeger; Sørbye, Sveinung; Skjeldestad, Finn Egil (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-09)
    Objective - To evaluate adherence to national guidelines for follow-up, and assess residual and recurrent disease after treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+).<p> <p>Study design - In a case-series design women aged 25–69 years treated for primary CIN2+ in 2006–2011 (n = 752) were followed through August 9, 2019 for residual or recurrent disease, i.e., CIN2+ ...
  • Effects of a parent-administered exercise program in the neonatal intensive care unit: Dose does matter-a randomized controlled trial 

    Øberg, Gunn Kristin; Girolami, Gay L; Campell, Suzann K.; Ustad, Tordis; Heuch, Ivar; Jacobsen, Bjarne K.; Kaaresen, Per Ivar; Aulie, Vibeke Smith; Jørgensen, Lone (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-06)
    Background - Despite the risk of delayed motor development in infants born preterm, knowledge about interventions in the neonatal intensive care unitt (NICU) and the effects of dosing is sparse. <p> <p>Objective - The objectives of this study were to examine the effectiveness of a parent-administered exercise program in the NICU on motor outcome at 3 months corrected age (CA) and the effect of ...
  • Nutritional status, sarcopenia, gastrointestinal symptoms and quality of life after gastrectomy for cancer - A cross-sectional pilot study 

    Gharagozlian, Sedegheh; Mala, Tom; Brekke, Hilde Kristin; Kolbjørnsen, Lisa; Ullerud, Åslaug; Johnson, Egil (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-06)
    <i>Background and aims</i> - Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, malabsorption, reduced food intake and weight loss are common sequela of gastrectomy. This can result in malnutrition with a subsequent prolonged recovery, reduced physical functioning and deteriorated quality of life (QoL). Few studies have investigated the relationship between GI-symptoms, QoL and malnutrition in long-term survivors of ...
  • Healthy lifestyle and the risk of lymphoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study 

    Naudin, Sabine; Margalef, Marta Solans; Saberi Hosnijeh, Fatemeh; Nieters, Alexandra; Kyrø, Cecilie; Tjønneland, Anne; Dahm, Christina C.; Overvad, Kim; Mahamat-Saleh, Yahya; Besson, Caroline; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Kühn, Tilman; Canzian, Federico; Schulze, Matthias B.; Peppa, Eleni; Karakatsani, Anna; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Sieri, Sabina; Masala, Giovana; Panico, Salvatore; Tumino, Rosario; Ricceri, Fulvio; Chen, Sairah Lai Fa; Barroso, Leila L.; Huerta, José María; Sánchez, Maria-Jose; Ardanaz, Eva; Menéndez, Virginia; Exezarreta, Pilar Amiano; Spaeth, Florentin; Jerkeman, Mats; Jirstom, Karin; Schmidt, Julie A.; Aune, Dagfinn; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Riboli, Elio; Vermeulen, Roel; Casabonne, Delphine; Gunter, Marc; Brennan, Paul; Ferrari, Pietro (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-16)
    Limited evidence exists on the role of modifiable lifestyle factors on the risk of lymphoma. In this work, the associations between adherence to healthy lifestyles and risks of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and non‐Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) were evaluated in a large‐scale European prospective cohort. Within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), 2,999 incident lymphoma cases ...
  • Electronic cigarettes and health with special focus on cardiovascular effects: position paper of the European Association of Preventive Cardiology (EAPC) 

    Kavousi, Maryam; Pisinger, Charlotta; Barthelemy, Jean-Claude; Smedt, Delphine De; Koskinas, Konstantinos; Marques-Vidal, Pedro; Panagiotakos, Demosthenes; Prescott, Eva Bossano; Tiberi, Monica; Vassiliou, Vassilios S; Løchen, Maja-Lisa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-17)
    Background - Tobacco use is the single largest preventable risk factor for premature death of non-communicable diseases and the second leading cause of cardiovascular disease. In response to the harmful effects of tobacco smoking, the use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has emerged and gained significant popularity over the past 15 years. E-cigarettes are promoted as safe alternatives for ...
  • 'You should see a doctor', said the robot: Reflections on a digital diagnostic device in a pandemic age 

    Haase, Christoffer Bjerre; Bearman, Margaret; Brodersen, John; Hoeyer, Klaus; Risør, Torsten (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-18)
    Aims: In three days at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Copenhagen Emergency Medical Services developed a digital diagnostic device. The purpose was to assess and triage potential COVID-19 symptoms and to reduce the number of calls to public health-care helplines. The device was used almost 150,000 times in a few weeks and was described by politicians and administrators as a solution and ...

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