Recent additions

  • The association between multimorbidity and primary healthcare utilization in South-Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority 

    Mørken, Karianne (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-06-30)
    Background: Multimorbidity is one of the greatest health-related challenges worldwide. Multimorbidity is associated with several outcomes, such as lower quality of life and higher disability. The main aim of this study was to explore the association between multimorbidity and the use of healthcare services in primary healthcare. Method: In a register-based, cross-sectional study we extracted data ...
  • Folkehelseperspektivet i kommunalt arbeid med bærekraftmålene – En komparativ case-studie av styringsdokumenter i to norske kommuner 

    Aarethun, Vilde (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-06-14)
    FNs bærekraftmål representerer en ny milepæl i det globale arbeidet med bærekraftig utvikling, og kommunene og fylkeskommunene er utpekt til nøkkelaktører for å realisere bærekraftmålene og en bærekraftig samfunnsutvikling i Norge. Flere studier viser imidlertid at begreper både relatert til folkehelse og bærekraft kan oppleves utfordrende å implementere og operasjonalisere i lokalt planverk når det ...
  • Selvmordsatferd og relasjonssårbarhet hos ungdomsskoleelever i Tromsø kommune. En populasjonsbasert tverrsnittsstudie. 

    Pedersen, Brita Marie (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-25)
    Bakgrunn: Selvmord er en betydelig folkehelseutfordring og prevalensen av selvmordsatferd er høy. Det er ofte flere årsaker som ligger bak. Identifisering og kartlegging av risikofaktorer for selvmordsatferd hos ungdommer er derfor viktig i det selvmordsforebyggende arbeidet. Mål: Målet med denne studien var å undersøke om det finnes en sammenheng mellom svake relasjoner til familie, venner, og/eller ...
  • Student wellbeing: Living alone and psychological distress among university students during the COVID-19 pandemic; a descriptive cross-sectional study in Northern Norway 

    Diab, Katrine Jonna (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-06-13)
    Mental health issues have recently received increased awareness worldwide. Psychological distress refers to non-specific symptoms of anxiety, stress and depression and is indicative of impaired mental health. Students have been identified as an especially vulnerable group, with estimated 1 in 5 students affected by mental disorders. The novel COVID-19 pandemic and the effects of restrictions has ...
  • Experiences of stigma amongst HIV-positive people encountering the healthcare system in Scandinavia: a systematic review. 

    Syse, Kathrine (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-06-01)
    Abstract Objective: This systematic review aims to investigate the experiences of HIV-related stigma among people living with HIV in Scandinavia Introduction: Stigma has existed for centuries, with some groups of people being more prone to stigma than others, one example being people living with HIV. HIV-related stigma has existed from the beginning of the epidemic, 1980's, and may still be ...
  • Effects of psychological and psychosocial interventions for refugees: a systematic review 

    Openshaw, Elise Holtan (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-30)
    In this systematic review, I investigated the effect of psychological and psychosocial interventions for refugees. The objective of this master thesis was to look at the effects of psychological and psychosocial intervention on PTSD and/or depression for adult refugees in Europe who suffers from PTSD and/or depression.
  • Economic aspects of the DHIS2 contact tracing system as part of the COVID-19 strategy in Tromsø municipality 

    Sanoja, Johanna (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-05-31)
    <p><i>Background:</i> The corona virus pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus begun in Norway in 2020. The Norwegian government decided that test-identify-trace-quarantine is the main national strategy fighting against the pandemic. From municipalities this required contact tracing actions to maintain the number of transmissions as low as possible. There was no earlier experience of contact tracing ...
  • Effect of healthcare personnel in e-health interventions on glycated haemoglobin in adults with type 2 diabetes - a systematic review 

    Johansen, Trine Bjerke; Jacobsen Jardim, Patricia Sofia (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-30)
    This systematic review shows that providing e-health with tailored HCP feedback to patients with type 2 diabetes, does not have added health benefits when the control group also receives e-health. While all of the included studies had some reduction in HbA1c levels, none of the study groups reach treatment target of HbA1c, less than 7%. Furthermore, there was no clinically relevant impact on blood ...
  • Prevalence of anemia and its associated factors among pregnant women in Georgia 

    Boll, Katelyn (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2021-05-31)
    The WHO currently considers maternal anemia global public health concern, and one of the most common complications during pregnancy. Symptoms range from weakness and fatigue, to serious cardiac complications. Maternal anemia also poses a risk to the infant, as it can increase the likelihood of preterm birth and low birth weight babies, among additional concerns. Past research is primarily focused ...
  • The association between smoking and the risk of pancreatic cancer - The Norwegian women and cancer (NOWAC) study 

    Anwar, Muneeba (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2021-05-31)
    Aims To examine the strength of association between cigarette smoking and the risk of pancreatic cancer in a cohort of Norwegian women. Methods A total of 149,243 women from Norwegian Women and Cancer Study were included in the statistical analysis. The participants were followed using the Cancer Registry of Norway and Norwegian Central Population Register till they were diagnosed with cancer, ...
  • Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage in relation to iron status in a Norwegian adolescent population 

    Heide, Linda Birgitte (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2020-05-29)
    Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) needs iron to survive and replicate and has evolved systems to harvest iron from its host. In humans, excess iron could potentially increase the risk of S. aureus carriage and infections. Moreover, iron plays a vital role in the development and function of the host immune system. Adolescence is a growth spurt period with increased iron requirements. The aim of this ...
  • The associations of alcohol consumption with smoking cessation and weight change 

    Finn, Iselin Caroline (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2020-05-27)
    Alcohol consumption, overweight and smoking are associated with premature mortality. These behaviors tend to co-occur and often differ between different socioeconomic groups. Previous studies have indicated a reversed social gradient in total alcohol consumption. The main purpose of this repeated-measures study was to investigate the social gradient in total alcohol consumption and its relationship ...
  • Oral contraceptive use and risk of mortality among Norwegian women – a prospective study from the NOWAC study 

    Justina, Ezembu (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-12-01)
    Millions of women are dependent on the use of oral contraceptives in order to have a more meaningful life and a general sense of well-being. These benefits make oral contraceptives one of the most prescribed medications among women. However, while there is established evidence on the short-term effects of oral contraceptive use, there are conflicting reports on the long-term risk of oral contraceptive ...
  • Association between unrecognized myocardial infarction and self-reported health in the Russian population aged 35-69 years 

    Williams, Olayemi Adeosun (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-11-27)
    The prevalence of cardiovascular disease is reportedly high in Russia; this thesis focuses on the prevalence of unrecognized myocardial infarction and self-reported health (mental health and physical health) as well as the association between both variables using data from the know your heart study. This survey is a cross sectional study from two Russian cities- Novosibirsk and Arkhangelsk (2015-2018). ...
  • The prevalence and determinants of Polypharmacy in middle-aged population of two Russian cities. 

    Devkota, Surya (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2021-11-30)
    Introduction: Polypharmacy has been a global threat these days and raised a question about its determinants. Differences in socioeconomic conditions, comorbid conditions, healthcare services use of individuals were expected to be related to Polypharmacy. Populations with cardiovascular diseases are more likely to be on multiple medications. However, no studies investigated the effects of socioeconomic ...
  • The mediating impact of lifestyle factors in the relationship between socioeconomic status and self-reported health in a Norwegian cohort of women 

    Neupane, Anup (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-12-01)
    Introduction: Information on self-reported health (SRH) with a simple question on “How do you rate your health?” provides sufficient information to be a reasonable proxy of health. Socioeconomic inequalities in health are often monitored via SRH. Individuals with better socioeconomic status (SES) more likely to rate their SRH as good. The part of the effect of SES (income level and education) operates ...
  • Myelinated Retinal Nerve Fibre: Prevalence and its Association with Ocular and Systemic Parameters in Tromsø. 

    Kalu, Dominic Okoro (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2020-11-30)
    Background: Myelinated retinal nerve fibres (MRNFs) are congenital anomalies of the fundus that occur in about 1% of the population. Clinically, they appear as grey or white well-separated patches with feathery borders along the retinal nerve fibre layer. MRNF has been reported to occur in association with some ocular parameters as well as stroke. However, most cases of MRNF occur in isolation and ...
  • The educational gradient in intake of energy, macro- and micronutrients in the Tromsø Study 2015-2016 

    Nilsen, Linn (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-27)
    <p>Background: Socioeconomic status is associated with inequalities in health. Unhealthy diet is a risk factor for non-communicable diseases, and socioeconomic inequalities exists also in diet. <p>Aim: To investigate the relationship between educational level and the intake of total energy, macro- and micronutrients. <p>Participants: 11,302 individuals (40-96 years) from Tromsø, Norway. <p>Methods: ...
  • Individualized dietary counseling on nutritional status in head and neck cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy: A systematic review 

    Rasmussen, Ida Karen Lyhne (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-07-08)
    Individualized dietary counseling given with or without oral nutritional supplements, on the outcome of nutritional status, in head and neck cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy, compared to standard routine clinical care, with or without other nutritional interventions: A systematic review. Background: Malnutrition and unintentional weight loss is common in patients with head and neck cancer. ...
  • Level of education and HIV viral load suppression in a population under universal anti-retroviral therapy in eSwatini 

    Dlamini, Thembelihle Ntokozo (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-05-31)
    <p>Introduction: HIV/AIDS continues to be amongst the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. There is no approved cure for HIV, but the disease can be managed using Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART). If drug adherence of about 95% is achieved, odds for a better clinical outcome increase. The level of education as a marker for many socio- economic status indicators has an impact ...

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