Recent additions

  • Increasing propensity to mind‐wander by transcranial direct current stimulation? A registered report 

    Boayue, Nya Mehnwolo; Csifcsak, Gabor; Aslaksen, Per M; Turi, Zsolt; Antal, Andrea; Groot, Josephine Maria; Hawkins, Guy E.; Forstmann, Birte U.; Opitz, Alexander; Thielscher, Axel; Mittner, Matthias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2019-01-24)
    Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been proposed to be able to modulate different cognitive functions. However, recent meta‐analyses conclude that its efficacy is still in question. Recently, an increase in subjects’ propensity to mind‐wander has been reported as a consequence of anodal stimulation of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (Axelrod et al., Proceedings of the National ...
  • Clinical Presentation of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: A Prospective Study on Symptom Diversity and Modification of Questionnaire Application 

    Broderik, Ryan; Fuchs, Karl-Hermann; Breithaupt, Wolfram; Varga, Gabor; Schulz, Thomas; Babic, Benjamin; Lee, Arielle; Musial, Frauke; Horgan, Santiago (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-12)
    <p><i>Introduction - </i>Symptoms occurring in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) such as heartburn, regurgitation, thoracic pain, epigastric pain, respiratory symptoms, and others can show a broad overlap with symptoms from other foregut disorders. The goal of this study is the accurate assessment of symptom presentation in GERD. <p><i>Methods - </i>Patients with foregut symptoms were ...
  • Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 359 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 

    GBD 2017, DALYs and HALE Collaborators; Kyu, Hmwe Hmwe; Bjørge, Tone; Eggen, Anne Elise; Htet, Aung Soe; Kisa, Adnan; Knudsen, Ann Kristin Skrindo; Øverland, Simon Nygaard; Skirbekk, Vegard Fykse; Sulo, Gerhard; Steiner, Timothy J.; Stovner, Lars Jacob; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Winkler, Andrea Sylvia; Murray, Christopher J.L. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-08)
    <p><i>Background - </i>How long one lives, how many years of life are spent in good and poor health, and how the population's state of health and leading causes of disability change over time all have implications for policy, planning, and provision of services. We comparatively assessed the patterns and trends of healthy life expectancy (HALE), which quantifies the number of years of life expected ...
  • Lekens plass i barnefysioterapi 

    Håkstad, Ragnhild B. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2018)
  • Mild Effect of Nalmefene on Alcoholic Cue-Induced Response Invigoration in Alcohol Use Disorder Without Accompanying Changes in Electrophysiological Signatures of Early Visual Processing and Executive Control 

    Gál, Bernadett Ildikó; Kilencz, Tunde; Albert, Anita; Demeter, Ildikó; Hegedűs, Klára Mária; Janka, Zoltán; Csifcsak, Gabor; Álmos, Péter Zoltán (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-26)
    Nalmefene is approved for as-needed pharmacological treatment in alcohol use disorder (AUD) by the European Medicines Agency. While the cellular effects of nalmefene have been thoroughly investigated, data are very limited on how this agent influences neural signals associated with inhibitory control and the visual analysis of environmental cues. This double-blind crossover study assessed the ...
  • Rural general practice patients’ coping with hazards and harm: an interview study 

    Harbitz, Martin Bruusgaard; Brandstorp, Helen; Gaski, Margrete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-18)
    <i>Objective</i>: The aim of this study is to identify and analyse rural general practice patients’ experiences of hazards and harm that comprise adverse events, and their strategies for coping with them.<p> <p><i>Design</i>: Interview study using systematic text condensation and coping strategy theory in an abductive analysis process.<p> <p><i>Setting</i>: Nine rural general practice clinics ...
  • Fibrosis Mediators in the Colonic Mucosa of Acute and Healed Ulcerative Colitis 

    Gundersen, Mona D.; Goll, Rasmus; Fenton, Christopher Graham; Anderssen, Endre; Sørbye, Sveinung Wergeland; Florholmen, Jon; Paulssen, Ruth H (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-03)
    <i>OBJECTIVES</i>: A healed intestinal mucosa is the aim of therapy in acute ulcerative colitis (UC). Disruption of mucosal wound healing may lead to severe complications including intestinal fibrosis. This study examined mucosal gene expression in the healing process of acute UC with a special focus on known mediators of fibrosis.<p> <p><i>METHODS</i>: Endoscopic biopsies from patients with ...
  • Differences and similarities between users of traditional healing and other CAM modalities in the seventh survey of the Tromsø Study 

    Kristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter; Broderstad, Ann Ragnhild; Musial, Frauke; Stub, Trine (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2019-05)
  • Leisure time and occupational physical activity, resting heart rate, and mortality in the Arctic region of Norway: The Finnmark Study 

    Hermansen, Rune Hermann; Jacobsen, Bjarne K.; Løchen, Maja-Lisa; Morseth, Bente (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-20)
    <p><i>Aims - </i>This study examined the association of leisure time physical activity, occupational physical activity, and resting heart rate with all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in Sami and non-Sami populations. <p><i>Study design - </i>This was a longitudinal, observational population-based study. <p><i>Methods - </i>The Finnmark 3 study cohort was examined in 1987–1988 and ...
  • Mapping of Nuclear Export Signals and domains mediating aggregation of NBR1 

    Næss, Morten Svendsen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-11-02)
    Autophagy is a conserved catabolic pathway for the lysosomal degradation of cytoplasmic components. Autophagy can be both selective and unselective. Selective autophagy receptor proteins are involved in mediating the degradation of specific substrates. Among these receptors we find the evolutionary related proteins p62 and NBR1, which are both involved in autophagic degradation of different ubiquitinated ...
  • Two high-risk susceptibility loci at 6p25.3 and 14q32.13 for Waldenström macroglobulinemia 

    McMaster, Mary L.; Berndt, Sonja I.; Zhang, Jianqing; Slager, Susan L.; Li, Shengchao Alfred; Vajdic, Claire M.; Smedby, Karin E.; Yan, Huihuang; Birmann, Brenda M.; Brown, Elizabeth E.; Smith, Alex; Kleinstern, Geffen; Fansler, Mervin M.; Mayr, Christine; Zhu, Bin; Chung, Charles C.; Park, Ju-Hyun; Burdette, Laurie; Hicks, Belynda D.; Hutchinson, Amy; Teras, Lauren R.; Adami, Hans Olov; Bracci, Paige M.; McKay, James; Monnereau, Alain; Link, Brian K.; Vermeulen, Roel C.H.; Ansell, Stephen M.; Maria, Ann; Diver, W. Ryan; Melbye, Mads; Ojesina, Akinyemi I.; Kraft, Peter; Boffetta, Paolo; Clavel, Jacqueline; Giovannucci, Edward; Besson, Caroline M.; Canzian, Federico; Travis, Ruth C.; Vineis, Paolo; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Montalvan, Rebecca; Wang, Zhaoming; Yeager, Meredith; Becker, Nikolaus; Benavente, Yolanda; Brennan, Paul; Foretova, Lenka; Maynadie, Marc; Nieters, Alexandra; de Sanjose, Silvia; Staines, Anthony; Conde, Lucia; Riby, Jacques; Glimelius, Bengt; Hjalgrim, Henrik; Pradhan, Nisha; Feldman, Andrew L.; Novak, Anne J.; Lawrence, Charles; Bassig, Bryan A.; Lan, Qing; Zheng, Tongzhang; North, Kari E.; Tinker, Lesley F.; Cozen, Wendy; Severson, Richard K.; Hofmann, Jonathan N.; Zhang, Yawei; Jackson, Rebecca D.; Morton, Lindsay M.; Purdue, Mark P.; Chatterjee, Nilanjan; Offit, Kenneth; Cerhan, James R.; Chanock, Stephen J.; Rothman, Nathaniel; Vijai, Joseph; Goldin, Lynn R.; Skibola, Christine F.; Caporaso, Neil E. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-10)
    Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM)/lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) is a rare, chronic B-cell lymphoma with high heritability. We conduct a two-stage genome-wide association study of WM/LPL in 530 unrelated cases and 4362 controls of European ancestry and identify two high-risk loci associated with WM/LPL at 6p25.3 (rs116446171, near EXOC2 and IRF4; OR = 21.14, 95% CI: 14.40–31.03, P = 1.36 × 10<s ...
  • Acupuncture for the Treatment of Pain – A Mega-Placebo? 

    Musial, Frauke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-17)
    Several control conditions, such as penetrating sham acupuncture and non-penetrating placebo needles, have been used in clinical trials on acupuncture effects in chronic pain syndromes. All these control conditions are surprisingly effective with regard to their analgesic properties. These findings have fostered a discussion as to whether acupuncture is merely a placebo. Meta-analyses on the clinical ...
  • EEG-based effective connectivity distinguishes between unresponsive states with and without report of conscious experience and correlates with brain complexity 

    Bremnes, Thomas René; Juel, B.E.; Gosseries, O.; Rosanova, M.; Boly, M.; Laureys, S.; Larsson, P.G.; Massimini, M.; Storm, Johan Frederik (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-11-01)
    Objective methods for distinguishing conscious from unconscious states in humans are of key importance for clinical evaluation of general anesthesia and patients with disorders or consciousness. Here, we test the generalizability of a DTF-based algorithm - a measure of effective connectivity - as an objective measure of conscious experience during anesthesia and correlate it with a well-tested index ...
  • Presence of high-endothelial venules correlates with a favorable immune microenvironment in oral squamous cell carsinoma 

    Wirsing, Anna Maria; Ervik, Ida Korsnes; Seppola, Marit; Uhlin-Hansen, Lars; Steigen, Sonja Eriksson; Hadler-Olsen, Elin (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-10-31)
    Oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) are associated with a poor prognosis, which may be partly due to functional impairment of the immune response. Lymphocyte recruitment to the tumor site is facilitated by high-endothelial venules (HEV), whereas expression of programmed-death ligand 1 (PD-L1) can impair T cell function. Thus, we hypothesize that these factors are important in shaping the immune ...
  • Grip strength in men and women aged 50–79 years is associated with non-vertebral osteoporotic fracture during 15 years follow-up: The Tromsø Study 1994–1995 

    Søgaard, Anne-Johanne; Magnus, Jeanette H.; Bjørnerem, Åshild; Holvik, Kristin; Ranhoff, Anette Hylen; Emaus, Nina; Meyer, Haakon E; Strand, Bjørn Heine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-25)
    <p><i>Summary - </i>In 50–79-year-olds who participated in the Tromsø Study (1994–1995), the risk of non-vertebral osteoporotic fractures during 15 years follow-up increased by 22% in men and 9% in women per 1 SD lower grip strength. The strongest association was observed in men aged 50–64 years. <p><i>Introduction - </i>We aimed to explore whether low grip strength was associated with increased ...
  • A few more minutes make a difference? The relationship between content and length of GP consultations 

    Gude, Tore; Vaglum, Per Jørgen Wiggen; Anvik, Tor; Baerheim, Anders; Grimstad, Hilde (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-01-03)
    <p><i>Objectives - </i>To investigate the relationship between the length of a medical consultation in a general practice setting and the biopsychosocial information obtained by the physician, and to explore the characteristics of young physicians obtaining comprehensive, especially psychosocial information. <p><i>Design - </i>A prospective, longitudinal follow-up study. Setting. Videotaped ...
  • Helsesøsters seksualundervisning til ungdomsskoleelever. En kvalitativ studie om helsesøstres erfaringer med gjennomføring av seksualundervisning 

    Lien, Elise Christine (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-10-31)
    Bakgrunn: Det har i de siste årene vært et økt fokus på kvaliteten på seksualundervisning til skoleelever. Det påstås fra mange hold at seksualundervisningen varierer og ikke er tilstrekkelig knyttet til ungdoms behov. Problemstilling: Hvordan gjennomfører helsesøstre seksualundervisningen til ungdomsskoleelever, og hvilke tilpasninger gjøres knyttet til deres behov angående temaet seksualitet ...
  • Use of traditional and complementary medicine among Norwegian cancer patients in the 7th Tromsø study 

    Kristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter; Stub, Trine; Broderstad, Ann Ragnhild; Hansen, Anne Helen (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2019-10)
    <i>Background</i> - Traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) is commonly used by cancer patients in Northern Norway, in particular spiritual forms like traditional healing. T&CM is mainly used complementary to conventional cancer treatment and is rarely discussed with the patient’s conventional health care providers, increasing the risk of negative interaction with conventional cancer care. The ...
  • How can spirituality make meaning and give health benefits for Sami elders? 

    Nymo, Randi Inger Johanne (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2019-06)
  • Adiposity and asthma in adults: a bidirectional Mendelian randomization analysis of the HUNT Study 

    Sun, Yi-Qian; Brumpton, Ben Michael; Langhammer, Arnulf; Chen, Yue; Kvaløy, Kirsti; Mai, Xiao-Mei (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-14)
    <i>Background</i> - We aimed to investigate the potential causal associations of adiposity with asthma overall, asthma by atopic status or by levels of symptom control in a large adult population and stratified by sex. We also investigated the potential for reverse causation between asthma and risk of adiposity.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - We performed a bidirectional one-sample Mendelian randomisation ...

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