Recent additions

  • E-health in Norway Before and During the Initial Phase of the Covid-19 Pandemic 

    Wynn, Rolf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    The use of e-health services has for many years gradually increased in Norway as in most European countries. Searching for information about health and illness has previously by far been the most popular service. In this study, we review the literature with the aim of examining any changes in e-health use during the Covid-19 pandemic. We find that there has been a marked change in Norway, with an ...
  • Heat Development in the Pulp Chamber During Curing Process of Resin-Based Composite Using Multi-Wave LED Light Curing Unit 

    Nilsen, Bo Wold; Mouhat, Mathieu; Haukland, Torbjørn; Örtengren, Ulf Tore; Mercer, James B (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-08)
    <i>Objective</i>: The study aimed to investigate factors contributing to heat development during light curing of a flowable bulk-fill resin-based composite (SDR<sup>TM</sup>, Lot # 602000876, Dentsply Sirona, Konstanz, Germany) (RBC).<p><p> <i>Materials and Methods</i>: Temperatures were measured with calibrated thermocouples. A multi-wave light-emitting diode (LED) light curing unit (LCU) was ...
  • Following the fate of dye-containing liposomes in vitro 

    Cauzzo, Jennifer; Nystad, Mona; Holsæter, Ann Mari; Basnet, Purusotam; Skalko-Basnet, Natasa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-09)
    The rather limited success of translation from basic research to clinical application has been highlighted as a major issue in the nanomedicine field. To identify the factors influencing the applicability of nanosystems as drug carriers and potential nanomedicine, we focused on following their fate through fluorescence-based assays, namely flow cytometry and imaging. These methods are often used to ...
  • Current situation of paediatric chronic pain in Switzerland: prevalence and paediatricians’ experiences 

    Carlander, Maria (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-07-10)
    Background: Chronic pain (CP) prevalence in children and adolescents has been increasing over the past decades. The patient-reported prevalence is around 25% depending on the methodology and location of pain. Chronic pain is defined in this study as persisting or recurrent pain that has lasted longer than three months. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of chronic pain in children and adolescents ...
  • Managing chronic illnesses with remote patient monitoring in primary health care 

    Muller, Ashley Elizabeth; Ormstad, Sari Susanna; Jardim, Patricia; Johansen, Trine Bjerke; Berg, Rigmor (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2020-03)
    Remote patient monitoring (RPM) allows for the real-time transmission of health data, evaluation of this data, and appropriate follow-up. This allows providers to monitor the health status of chronically ill patients and quickly adjust treatment regimes, without requiring that patients continually visit providers’ offices.<p><p> We summarized systematic reviews of a specific type of RPM that the ...
  • Teen mothers and the use of antenatal care services in Georgia 2017 – 2019: A cross-sectional study 

    Carter, Reed Andrew (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-30)
    Teenage mothers are a particularly vulnerable population with a high risk of adverse health outcomes such as premature births and asphyxia compared to non-teen mothers. The Caucasus region historically has high rates of teenage pregnancies. The republic of Georgia is no exception therefore, this study aims to determine the utilization of ANC services of teens in order to ensure they are receiving ...
  • Hepatitis C virus screening attendance and its relation to age, education, geographic region and perinatal mortality - Georgian Birth Registry 2017/2018 

    Pajovic, Aleksandra (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-28)
    Introduction: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes a liver disease hepatitis C, which can manifest in acute and chronic form, with potentially life-threatening complications. Globally, in 2017, there were approximately 115 million HCV infected people. Currently, screening for HCV during pregnancy is offered to all pregnant women in a very few countries in the world. Importance of screening every pregnant ...
  • Empirical prescribing of penicillin G/V reduces risk of readmission of hospitalized patients with community-acquired pneumonia in Norway: a retrospective observational study 

    Høgli, June Utnes; Garcia, Beate Hennie; Svendsen, Kristian; Skogen, Vegard; Småbrekke, Lars (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-15)
    <i>Background</i> - Norwegian guideline recommendations on first-line empirical antibiotic prescribing in hospitalised patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are penicillin G/V in monotherapy, or penicillin G in combination with gentamicin (or cefotaxime) in severely ill patients. The aim of this study was to explore how different empirical antibiotic treatments impact on length of hospital ...
  • Privacy-preserving architecture for providing feedback to clinicians on their clinical performance 

    Yigzaw, Kassaye Yitbarek; Budrionis, Andrius; Ruiz, Luis Marco; Henriksen, Torje Dahle; Halvorsen, Peder Andreas; Bellika, Johan Gustav (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-22)
    <i>Background</i> - Learning from routine healthcare data is important for the improvement of the quality of care. Providing feedback on clinicians’ performance in comparison to their peers has been shown to be more efficient for quality improvements. However, the current methods for providing feedback do not fully address the privacy concerns of stakeholders.<p><p> <i>Methods</i> - The paper ...
  • Shoulder and neck pain in female office employees in Tromsø 

    Shrestha, Rejina (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-07-04)
    Objective- To determine the prevalence and predictors of neck and shoulder pain in female office workers in Tromsø. Methods- A cross-sectional study was performed using population- based data from the Tromsø 6 study which was carried out between 2007 and 2008. The population under study were 619 female office workers. Information regarding individual factors, lifestyle factors and work factors ...
  • Efficacy of Intravenous, Endotracheal, or Nasal Adrenaline Administration During Resuscitation of Near-Term Asphyxiated Lambs 

    Songstad, Nils Thomas; Klingenberg, Claus; McGillick, Erin V.; Polglase, Graeme R.; Zahra, Valerie; Schmölzer, Georg M.; Davis, Peter G.; Hooper, Stuart B.; Crossley, Kelly J. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-02)
    <i>Objectives</i>: Neonatal resuscitation guidelines recommend administering intravenous (IV) adrenaline if bradycardia persists despite adequate ventilation and chest compressions (CC). Rapid IV access is challenging, but little evidence exists for other routes of administration. We compared IV, endotracheal (ET), and intranasal routes for adrenaline administration during resuscitation of asphyxiated ...
  • A Probabilistic Bag-to-Class Approach to Multiple-Instance Learning 

    Møllersen, Kajsa; Hardeberg, Jon Yngve; Godtliebsen, Fred (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-26)
    Multi-instance (MI) learning is a branch of machine learning, where each object (bag) consists of multiple feature vectors (instances)—for example, an image consisting of multiple patches and their corresponding feature vectors. In MI classification, each bag in the training set has a class label, but the instances are unlabeled. The instances are most commonly regarded as a set of points in a ...
  • The Northern Norway mother-and-child contaminant cohort study: implementation, population characteristics and summary of dietary findings 

    Veyhe, Anna Sofia; Hansen, Solrunn; Sandanger, Torkjel Manning; Nieboer, Evert; Odland, Jon Øyvind (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012-05-28)
    <p><i>Objectives.</i> To describe the essential features of a new Northern Norway mother-and-child contaminant cohort study called MISA, including its rationale, content, implementation and selected findings (mostly dietary). <p><i>Study design. </i>Cross-sectional with longitudinal aspects. <p><i>Methods.</i> Five hundred and fifteen eligible women were enrolled in early pregnancy, with 391 ...
  • Endothelial function after pancreas transplantation - A single-center observational study 

    Nordheim, Espen; Dahle, Dag Olav; Strøm Halden, Thea Anine; Birkeland, Kåre I.; Åsberg, Anders; Hartmann, Anders; Horneland, Rune; Jenssen, Trond Geir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-06)
    <i>Background</i> - Patients with diabetes mellitus treated with successful pancreas transplantation (PTX) normalize hyperglycemia, but are exposed to immunosuppressive drugs that may impair endothelial function. This study aimed to evaluate endothelial function in single PTX recipients.<p><p> <i>Methods</i> - Flow‐mediated dilatation (FMD) in the brachial artery was measured by ultrasound 8 weeks ...
  • Intestinal fungi are causally implicated in microbiome assembly and immune development in mice 

    van Tilburg Bernardes, Erik; Pettersen, Veronika Kucharova; W. Gutierrez, Mackenzie; Isabelle, Laforest-Lapointe; Marie-Claire, Arrieta (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-22)
    The gut microbiome consists of a multi-kingdom microbial community. Whilst the role of bacteria as causal contributors governing host physiological development is well established, the role of fungi remains to be determined. Here, we use germ-free mice colonized with defined species of bacteria, fungi, or both to differentiate the causal role of fungi on microbiome assembly, immune development, ...
  • The art of yoik in care: Sami caregivers' experiences in dementia in Northern Norway 

    Hämäläinen, Soile; Musial, Frauke; Graff, Ola; Schirmer, Henrik; Salamonsen, Anita; Mehus, Grete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-26)
    <i>Purpose</i>: Yoik is the traditional vocal art of the Sami, the indigenous people of Fennoscandia. The Sami people, their land and their culture have been subject to colonisation and assimilation for centuries, hence the practice of yoik was lost in many regions. Despite an increasing awareness of the benefits of health musicking, yoik is only sporadically included in musicking practices in ...
  • The Vaginal-PVPA: A Vaginal Mucosa-Mimicking In Vitro Permeation Tool for Evaluation of Mucoadhesive Formulations 

    Falavigna, Margherita; Pattacini, Martina; Wibel, Richard; Sonvico, Fabio; Skalko-Basnet, Natasa; Flaten, Gøril Eide (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-19)
    Drug administration to the vaginal site has gained increasing attention in past decades, highlighting the need for reliable in vitro methods to assess the performance of novel formulations. To optimize formulations destined for the vaginal site, it is important to evaluate the drug retention within the vagina as well as its permeation across the mucosa, particularly in the presence of vaginal fluids. ...
  • The record-warm Barents Sea and 0-group fish response to abnormal conditions 

    Eriksen, Elena; Bagøien, Espen; Strand, Espen; Primicerio, Raul; Prokhorova, Tatiana; Trofimov, Alexander; Prokopchuk, Irina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-25)
    The Barents Sea is a nursery area for many commercially and ecologically important fish stocks, and this whole region is presently subject to rapid climatic change from a cold period in the 1980s to a record warm period in the latest decade, with a peak in 2016. The present study focuses exclusively on year 2016, which was characterized by record warm air and seawater and an exceptionally large ...
  • Host dependent maintenance of a blaNDM-1-encoding plasmid in clinical Escherichia coli isolates 

    Alves Gama, Joao Pedro; Kloos, Julia Maria; Johnsen, Pål Jarle; Samuelsen, Ørjan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-09)
    Dissemination of bacterial clones carrying plasmid-mediated resistance genes is a major factor contributing to the increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance. Understanding the evolution of successful clones and the association to mobile resistance elements are therefore crucial. In this study, we determined the sequence of a 145 kb IncC multi-drug resistance plasmid (pK71-77-1-NDM), harbouring ...
  • Physical Activity With Tailored mHealth Support for Individuals With Intellectual Disabilities: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial 

    Michalsen, Henriette; Wangberg, Silje C; Hartvigsen, Gunnar; Jaccheri, Maria Letizia; Muzny, Miroslav; Henriksen, André; Olsen, Monica Isabel Benedikte; Thrane, Gyrd; Jahnsen, Reidun Birgitta; Pettersen, Gunn; Arntzen, Cathrine; Anke, Audny (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-29)
    <i>Background</i>: Individuals with intellectual disabilities (IDs) have lower levels of physical activity (PA) and greater barriers for participation in fitness activities compared with members of the general population. As increased PA has positive effects on cardiovascular and psychosocial health, it is exceedingly important to identify effective interventions for use in everyday settings. Mobile ...

View more