Recent additions

  • Composition of gut microbiota of children and adolescents with perinatal HIV infection taking antiretroviral therapy in Zimbabwe 

    Flygel, Trym Thune; Sovershaeva, Evgeniya; Classen-Weitz, Shantelle; Hjerde, Erik; Mwaikono, Kilaza S.; Odland, Jon Øyvind; Ferrand, Rashida A.; McHugh, Grace; Gutteberg, Tore Jarl; Nicol, Mark P.; Cavanagh, Jorunn Pauline; Flægstad, Trond (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-24)
    <p><i>Background - </i>Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection causes impairment of the gastrointestinal barrier, with substantial depletion of CD4<sup>+</sup> T cells in the gut. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) restores CD4<sup>+</sup> counts and may have beneficial effects on gut microbiota in adults. Little is known about effect of long-term ART on gut microbiome in HIV-infected children. We ...
  • To what extent does smoking affect gingival bleeding response to supragingival plaque? Site‐specific analyses in a population‐based study 

    Holde, Gro Eirin; Birgitta, Jönsson; Oscarson, Nils; Müller, Hans-Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-01)
    <p><i>Background and objective - </i>The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of smoking on the site‐specific association between bleeding on gingival probing and supragingival plaque and to assess whether this differs in different regions of the dentition. <p><i>Methods - </i>Data from a representative sample of 1911 adults (20‐79 years old) in Northern Norway were analyzed. Periodontal ...
  • Pathological gambling among university students – the impact of personality and subjective well-being 

    Dalan, Sarah Karine; Richardsen, Vilde; Ringheim, Tiril Eriksen (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2019-04-29)
    Introduction: Students are at a higher risk of developing pathological gambling compared to the general population. Research has revealed a link between higher Neuroticism, lower Conscientiousness and pathological gambling, and that pathological gamblers tend to report poorer subjective well-being. Thus, the major objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between pathological ...
  • HIV-infection in children and adolescents in Zimbabwe: viral suppression, airway abnormalities and gut microbiota. 

    Sovershaeva, Evgeniya (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2019-12-10)
    Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region with the highest burden of HIV among both children and adults. Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) has improved survival, yet data on long-term virological outcomes are scarce. In addition, recent evidence indicates that HIV-infected ART-treated children are at increased risk of lung impairment, and data on the pathological mechanisms involved are limited. ...
  • History of tuberculosis is associated with lower exhaled nitric oxide levels in HIV-infected children 

    Sovershaeva, Evgeniya; Kranzer, Katharina; McHugh, Grace; Bandason, Tsitsi; Majonga, Edith D.; Usmani, Omar S.; Rowland-Jones, Sarah; Gutteberg, Tore Jarl; Flægstad, Trond; Ferrand, Rashida A.; Odland, Jon Øyvind (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-01)
    <p><i>Objective - </i>HIV disrupts host defense mechanisms and maintains chronic inflammation in the lung. Nitric oxide is a marker of lung inflammation and can be measured in the exhaled air. We investigated the relationship between exhaled nitric oxide (eNO), HIV status and airway abnormalities in perinatally HIV-infected children aged 6–19 years. <p><i>Design - </i>A cross-sectional study. <p ...
  • Implementing a Health Information System at the Greater Accra Regional Hospital in Ghana. End User Perspective. 

    Larbi, Dillys (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-14)
    Health can be improved by information and communication technologies (ICT) in developing countries. Electronic health systems coordinate patient care processes in different departments within the same facility to enhance efficient delivery of care. However, health sectors in developing countries are unable to implement modern health care technologies due to challenges which negatively impact their ...
  • “Targeting Hand Hygiene to increase the Public Health Resilience in The Norwegian Army”. A Quasi-experimental design 

    Wiik, Harald (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-12-01)
    Background Current security predictions are based on new non-linear hybrid threats with the potential to harm both military and civilian public health (PH). Inadequate hand hygiene practices may increase vulnerability unless resilience can be improved. Handwashing habits are difficult to change but are key to successful decontamination and maintenance of low risk (GREEN) zones the Norwegian Army’s ...
  • Undervisning til jordmorstudenter i kunnskapsbasert praksis 

    Skogheim, Gry; Kongslien, Sigrun; Hanssen, Tove (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-07)
    Det er nasjonale og internasjonale føringer for at all helsetjeneste skal være kunnskapsbasert. Her beskriver vi vår erfaring med å undervise i kunnskapsbasert praksis (KBP) i jordmorutdanningen. Jordmorstudenter opplever at det kan være krevende for dem å prioritere læringsaktiviteter i KBP. En årsak er jordmorutdanningens omfattende læringsmål, herunder krav i form av EØS-direktiver, som er ...
  • Reproductive factors and risk of melanoma: a population-based cohort study 

    Støer, Nathalie Charlotte; Botteri, Edoardo; Ghiasvand, Reza; Busund, Marit Katinka; Vangen, Siri; Lund, Eiliv; Veierød, Marit Bragelien; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-12)
    <i>Background</i> - The association between reproductive factors and risk of cutaneous melanoma (CM) is unclear. We investigated this issue in the Norwegian Women and Cancer cohort study.<p> <p><i>Objectives</i> - To examine the association between the reproductive factors age at menarche, menstrual cycle length, parity, age at first and last birth, menopausal status, breastfeeding duration and ...
  • Weight loss and BMI criteria in GLIM's definition of malnutrition is associated with postoperative complications following abdominal resections – Results from a National Quality Registry 

    Skeie, Eli; Tangvik, Randi Julie; Nymo, Linn Såve; Harthug, Stig; Lassen, Kristoffer; Viste, Asgaut (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-20)
    <i>Background & aims</i> - Although malnutrition is thought to be common among patients with intraabdominal diseases and is recognized as a risk factor for postoperative complications, diagnostic criteria for malnutrition have not been consistent. Thus, the Global Leadership Initiative in Malnutrition (GLIM) has recently published new criteria for malnutrition. The aims of this study were to investigate ...
  • Does the Healthy Body Image program improve lifestyle habits among high-schoolstudents? A radndomised controlled trial With 12-month follow-up 

    Borgen, Christine Sundgot; Friborg, Oddgeir; Kolle, Elin; Torstveit, Monica Klungland; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Engen, Kethe Marie Elgesem; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Pettersen, Gunn; Bratland-Sanda, Solfrid (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-05)
    <i>Objectives</i> - Positive embodiment and healthy lifestyle habits seem to be related; therefore, stimulating positive embodiment should promote healthy lifestyle habits. In the current study, we delivered the Healthy Body Image (HBI) intervention among Norwegian high school students and examined the effects on healthy lifestyle habits.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - The HBI intervention comprises three ...
  • Now you see it, now you don’t: Solid and subtle differences between Hedonic and Eudaimonic Wellbeing 

    Thorsteinsen, Kjærsti; Vittersø, Joar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-10)
    Data from an intensive longitudinal goal intervention study in Norway (N = 138) were used to test the assumption that hedonic (HWB) and eudaimonic (EWB) wellbeing reflect two distinct dimensions of wellbeing. Based on multilevel factor analyses, a path model and hierarchical regression analyses the paper aimed to demonstrate that a basic duality between the two kinds of wellbeing exists. Compared ...
  • Measuring Resilience Across Australia and Norway: Validation and Psychometric Properties of the English Version of the Resilience Scale for Adults. 

    Anyan, Frederick; Hjemdal, Odin; Bizumic, Boris; Friborg, Oddgeir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2019-04-05)
    Resilience has become increasingly important in clinical and health psychology, but only few scales have received good psychometric ratings for assessing various outcomes of resilience. The Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) is one of the best psychometrically rated scales and has been validated among Norwegian samples. The purpose of this study was to explore the construct validity of the RSA in an ...
  • Tissue-infiltrating immune cells as prognostic markers in oral squamous cell carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis 

    Hadler-Olsen, Elin Synnøve; Wirsing, Anna Maria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-27)
    <i>Background</i> - Various immune cells have been suggested as prognostic markers for cancer patients. In this article, we present a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies assessing the prognostic value of tissue-infiltrating immune cells in oral cancer and discuss the reporting quality of these studies.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - We performed a systematic literature search and included ...
  • Public Dental Service personnel facing a major health care reform in Finland 

    Widström, Eeva; Tiira, Hannele; Tillberg, Anders (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-11)
    <i>Objectives</i> - A health care reform will replace the health care and social services centred on public provision with a market-oriented system and enhanced competition between public and private sectors. The aim was to ascertain Public Dental Services (PDS) changes personnel anticipated and how dental services in the new “public” undertakings could be made more cost-efficient.<p> <p><i>Materials ...
  • The impact of ICDAS on occlusal caries treatment recommendations for high caries risk patients: an in vitro study 

    Qudeimat, Muawia; Altarakemah, Yacoub; Alomari, Qasem; Alshawaf, Nour; Honkala, Eino (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-07)
    <i>Background</i> - The diagnostic criteria and tools used in caries lesion detection have been shown to affect the decision-making for caries treatment. Compared to other diagnostic criteria/classifications, ICDAS has been shown to provide a more accurate method for the detection of occlusal caries lesions. The influence of using ICDAS on caries treatment recommendations has received increasing ...
  • Children and adolescents dental treatment in 2001-2013 in the Finnish public dental service 

    Lindén, J.; Widström, Eeva; Sinkkonen, Jari (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-01)
    <i>Background</i> - The Public Dental Service (PDS) in Finland has catered for the overwhelming majority of the young for more than 50 years. They have had examinations, preventive measures and all other necessary treatment free of charge. This study aimed to survey the treatment needs and treatment measures provided for children and adolescents and changes in these during the period 2001–2013.<p> ...
  • Modeling Human Sexual Motivation in Rodents: Some Caveats 

    Le Moene, Olivia; Ågmo, Anders j (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-27)
    Sexual behavior is activated by motivation. An overwhelming majority of experimental studies of the intricacies of sexual motivation has been performed in rodents, most of them in rats. Sometimes it is desirable to generalize results obtained in this species to other species, particularly the human. It is hoped that studies of the neurobiology of rodent sexual behavior may shed light on the central ...
  • Reliability, factor structure, and validity of the inventory of complicated grief (ICG) in a general bereaved sample in Norway 

    Thimm, Jens; Davidsen, Maylinn; Elsness, Mie Marie; Vara, Helga (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-29)
    The Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG) is the most widely used instrument to assess the severity of prolonged grief reactions after the loss of a loved one. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Norwegian ICG by examining its reliability, factor structure, and relationships with the anxiety and depression subscales of the Brief Symptom Inventory, ...
  • Lederes forventninger til nyutdannede sykepleiere fordrer samarbeid med utdanningen 

    Pedersen, Karin Ravn; Tingvoll, Wivi-Ann (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-01)
    Nye og flere oppgaver i sykehjem krever at sykepleierne er faglig oppdatert, og i stand til å observere og vurdere pasientens tilstand. Sykepleierutdanningen har i samarbeid med ledere i sykehjem et ansvar for at nyutdannede sykepleiere er rustet til å møte dagens faglige utfordringer.<p> <p>Artikkelen har til hensikt å belyse hva sykehjemsledere forventer av nyutdannede sykepleieres utøvelse ...

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