Recent additions

  • Enhancing functional improvement in reablement – a qualitative study 

    Eliassen, Marianne; Lahelle, Andreas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-15)
    <i>Background and purpose</i>: Reablement is aimed to enable people to remain independent in their lives and is based on users’ own goals. Interventions are described to involve both physical exercises and guidance in everyday activities. However, descriptions of the content of reablement practices are sparse. This study aims to investigate and discuss how physiotherapists (PTs) on reablement teams ...
  • Can HRV Biofeedback Improve Short-Term Effort Recovery? Implications for Intermittent Load Sports 

    Perez-Gaido, Mauro; Lalanza, Jaume F; Parrado, Eva; Capdevila, Lluis (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-05)
    As intensity and physical demands continue to rise in sport competition, faster and better recovery becomes essential. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of HRV biofeedback (HRVB) while recovering from a submaximal aerobic exercise. Ten physically-active graduate students participated in the study, which was conducted in four sessions: exercise with free-breathing recovery, first ...
  • The Cafeteria Diet: a standardized protocol and its effects on behavior 

    Lalanza, Jaume F; Snoeren, Eelke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-10)
    Obesity is a major health risk, with junk food consumption playing a central role in weight gain, because of its high palatability and high-energy nutrients. The Cafeteria (CAF) diet model for animal experiments consists of the same tasty but unhealthy food products that people eat (e.g. hot dogs and muffins), and considers variety, novelty and secondary food features, such as smell and texture. ...
  • Resistance to ventricular fibrillation predicted by the QRS/QTc - ratio in an intact rat model of hypothermia/rewarming 

    Dietrichs, Erik Sveberg; Selli, Anders Lund; Kondratiev, Timofei; McGlynn, Karen; Smith, Godfrey L; Tveita, Torkjel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-04)
    Accidental hypothermia is associated with increased risk for arrhythmias. QRS/QTc is proposed as an ECG-marker, where decreasing values predict hypothermia-induced ventricular arrhythmias. If reliable it should also predict nonappearance of arrhythmias, observed in species like rat that regularly tolerate prolonged hypothermia.<p> <p>A rat model designed for studying cardiovascular function during ...
  • Children sharing preferences on contact and residence arrangements in child-inclusive family mediation in Norway 

    Grape, Lovise; Thørnblad, Renee; Handegård, Bjørn Helge (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-07)
    Mediation is mandatory for all separating and divorcing parents in Norway with children under 16 years. The participation of children is voluntary. Living arrangement preferences presented by children attending child-inclusive family mediation in Norway (n = 346, aged 4–18 years) have been examined. 47.1 per cent of children gave a living arrangement preference, and older children were more likely ...
  • Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation and the risk of fatal myocardial infarction among Norwegian women: a prospective cohort 

    Rist, Kim (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-12-01)
    <p>Background: In 2015, around 17.9 million people died from cardiovascular disease worldwide, with myocardial infarction being the most common manifestation. Contemporary research suggests that omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) interventions have less useful cardiovascular outcomes than previously thought. This study aims to examine the association between n-3 PUFA intake frequency ...
  • Plasmid Interactions Can Improve Plasmid Persistence in Bacterial Populations 

    Gama, João Alves; Zilhão, Rita; Dionisio, Francisco (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-31)
    It is difficult to understand plasmid maintenance in the absence of selection and theoretical models predict the conditions for plasmid persistence to be limited. Plasmid-associated fitness costs decrease bacterial competitivity, while imperfect partition allows the emergence of plasmid-free cells during cell division. Although plasmid conjugative transfer allows mobility into plasmid-free cells, ...
  • Cardiovascular risk factors and incidence of acute myocardial infarction and cerebral stroke in Sami and non-Sami populations — The SAMINOR Study 

    Siri, Susanna Ragnhild Andersdatter (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2021-02-08)
    The overall aim of this thesis was to examine and compare cardiovascular risk factors, time-trends in these risk factors, and the incidence of cardiovascular disease in Sami and non-Sami populations living in the same rural geographical area. We used information from the SAMINOR Study, which is a Population-based Study on Health and Living Conditions in Regions with Sami and Norwegian Populations. ...
  • Dominance between plasmids determines the extent of biofilm formation 

    Gama, João Alves; Fredheim, Elizabeth G. Aarag; Cléon, Francois Pierre Alexandre; Reis, Ana Maria; Zilhão, Rita; Dionisio, Francisco (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-26)
    Bacterial biofilms have an impact in medical and industrial environments because they often confer protection to bacteria against harmful agents, and constitute a source from which microorganisms can disperse. Conjugative plasmids can enhance bacterial ability to form biofilms because conjugative pili act as adhesion factors. However, plasmids may interact with each other, either facilitating or ...
  • Probing the neural signature of mind wandering with simultaneous fMRI-EEG and pupillometry 

    Groot, Josephine Maria; Boayue, Nya Mehnwolo; Csifcsak, Gabor; Boekel, Wouter; Huster, Rene; Forstmann, Birte U; Mittner, Matthias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-01)
    Mind wandering reflects the shift in attentional focus from task-related cognition driven by external stimuli toward self-generated and internally-oriented thought processes. Although such task-unrelated thoughts (TUTs) are pervasive and detrimental to task performance, their underlying neural mechanisms are only modestly understood. To investigate TUTs with high spatial and temporal precision, we ...
  • Physical Activity and Body Composition in Norwegian Adolescents. Results from The Tromsø Study: Fit Futures 

    Aars, Nils Abel (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2021-02-04)
    The present thesis has investigated the cross-sectional and prospective associations between self-reported and objectively measured physical activity with five objectively measured indices of body composition in Norwegian adolescents participating in the Tromsø Study Fit: Futures Cohort. The three included papers used regression analyses to assess the cross-sectional association between self-reported ...
  • Distribution of health anxiety in a general adult population and associations with demographic and social network characteristics 

    Norbye, Anja M. Davis; Abelsen, Birgit; Førde, Olav Helge; Ringberg, Unni (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2020-11-13)
    <i>Background</i> - Health anxiety (HA) is associated with increased risk of disability, increased health care utilization and reduced quality of life. However, there is no consensus on which factors are important for the level of HA. The aim of this study was to explore the distribution of HA in a general adult population and to investigate whether demographic and social factors were associated ...
  • Dietary changes in early-stage breast cancer patients from pre-surgery and over the 12 months post-surgery 

    Brunvoll, Sonja Hjellegjerde; Thune, Inger; Bertheussen, Gro Falkener; Fjeldheim, Frøydis Nyborg; Flote, Vidar Gordon; Frydenberg, Hanne; Lundgren, Steinar; Skjerven, Helle; Lømo, Jon; Fagerland, Morten; McTiernan, Anne; Schlichting, Ellen; Hjartåker, Anette (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-19)
    The time after a breast cancer diagnosis is a potential period for making positive dietary changes, but previous results are conflicting. The main aim of the present study was to study breast cancer patients’ dietary changes during the 12 months post-surgery and from 12 months pre-surgery to 12 months post-surgery with repeated administration of a 7-d pre-coded food diary and an FFQ, respectively. ...
  • Plasma polyphenols associated with lower high-sensitivity C-reactive protein concentrations: A cross-sectional study within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort 

    Harms, Laura; Scalbert, Augustin; Zamora-Ros, Raul; Rinaldi, Sabina; Jenab, Mazda; Murphy, Neil; Achaintre, David; Tjønneland, Anne; Olsen, Anja; Overvad, Kim; Romana, Mancini; Mahamat-Saleh, Yahya; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Kühn, Tilman; Katzke, Verena; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Martimianaki, Georgia; Karakatsani, Anna; Palli, Domenico; Panico, Salvatore; Sieri, Sabina; Tumino, Rosario; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Bueno-de-Mesquita, Hendrik Bastian; Vermeulen, Roel; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Nøst, Therese Haugdahl; Lasheras, Cristina; RodrÍguez-Barranco, Miguel; Huerta, José María; Barricarte, Aurelio; Dorronsoro, Miren; Hultdin, Johan; Schmidt, Julie A.; Gunter, Marc; Riboli, Elio; Aleksandrova, Krasimira (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-04)
    Experimental studies have reported on the anti-inflammatory properties of polyphenols. However, results from epidemiological investigations have been inconsistent and especially studies using biomarkers for assessment of polyphenol intake have been scant. We aimed to characterise the association between plasma concentrations of thirty-five polyphenol compounds and low-grade systemic inflammation ...
  • Strategies to develop a prophylaxis for the prevention of HPA-1a immunization and fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia 

    Kjær, Mette; Geisen, Christof; Akkøk, Cigdem Ahaein; Wikman, Agneta; Sachs, Ulrich; Bussel, James B.; Nielsen, Kaspar; Walles, Katarina; Curtis, Brian R.; Vidarsson, Gestur; Järås, Kerstin; Skogen, Bjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-31)
    Anti-HPA-1a-antibodies are the main cause of fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) which may result in intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and death among fetuses and newborns. Advances in understanding the pathogenesis of FNAIT and proof of concept for prophylaxis to prevent immunization suggest that development of hyperimmune anti-HPA-1a IgG aimed at preventing immunization against ...
  • Quantification of endogenous steroid sulfates and glucuronides in human urine after intramuscular administration of testosterone esters 

    Forsdahl, Guro; Zanitzer, Katharina; Erceg, Damir; Gmeiner, Günter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-22)
    For an effective detection of doping with pseudo-endogenous anabolic steroids, the urinary steroid profile is of high value. In this work, the aim was to investigate steroid metabolism disruption after exogenous intramuscular administration of different testosterone esters. The investigation focused on both sulfo – and glucoro conjugated androgens. A single intramuscular injection of either 1000 mg ...
  • A Dynamic Method, Analysis, and Model of Short-Term Memory for Serial Order with Clinical Applications 

    Cheng, Sophia; Cohen, Alex S.; Holmlund, Terje Bektesevic; Foltz, Peter W.; Cheng, Jian; Bernstein, Jared; Rosenfeld, Elizabeth; Elvevåg, Brita (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-06)
    This study examined the robustness of a traditional memory task when moved out of controlled traditional settings. A letter recall task was designed to be self-administered via a smart-device which assessed recall by participants’ writing their responses on the device. This enabled collection of both the letter recalled and the timing of this recall such that the temporal dynamics could be examined. ...
  • Interprofessional student groups using patient documentation to facilitate interprofessional collaboration in clinical practice - A field study 

    Gudmundsen, Anita Carin; Norbye, Bente; Dahlgren, Madeleine Abrandt; Obstfelder, Aud (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-28)
    <i>Background</i> - This article explores and provides insights into how students learn interprofessional collaboration in a clinical placement. This topic is of interest for stakeholders in health services and education and for the research field of interprofessional education.<p> <p>Objectives</i> - How patient documentation facilitates collaboration in interprofessional student groups is ...
  • Longterm Outcomes of Temporomandibular Joints in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: 17 Years of Followup of a Nordic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Cohort. 

    Glerup, Mia; Stoustrup, Peter Bangsgaard; Matzen, Louise Hauge; Rypdal, Veronika Gjertsen; Nordal, Ellen Berit; Frid, Paula; Arnstad, Ellen Dalen; Rygg, Marite; Thorarensen, Olafur; Ekelund, Maria; Berntson, Lillemor; Fasth, Anders; Nilsson, H; Peltoniemi, Suvi; Aalto, Kristiina; Arte, Sirpa; Toftedal, Peter; Nielsen, Susan; Kreiborg, S.; Herlin, T; Pedersen, T. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-01)
    <i>Objective</i> - To determine the prevalence of orofacial symptoms, dysfunctions, and deformities of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) 17 years after disease onset.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - Drawn from a prospective, population-based Nordic JIA cohort with disease onset from 1997 to 2000, 420 consecutive cases were eligible for orofacial evaluation of TMJ ...
  • "Det går ikke knirkefritt, dette her" - Miljøterapeuters erfaringer med medikamentfri behandling i psykisk helsevern 

    Wærness, Grete (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-01-09)
    Bakgrunn: Medikamentfri behandling i psykisk helsevern ble innført i 2016 og 2017 ved landets fire helseforetak. Siden tilbudet er nytt, eksisterer lite forskning på området. I litteraturgjennomgangen fant jeg ingen forskning på miljøterapeuters erfaringer med medikamentfri behandling i psykisk helsevern, og begrenset forskning på medikamentfri behandling. Denne typen tilbud eksisterer foreløpig ...

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