Recent additions

  • Use of non-prescription (OTC) analgesics - utilization pattern and user characteristics in Norway, The Tromsø study: Tromsø 6 

    Salomonsson, Håkan Edvin Johannes (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-07-21)
    Background: Drug policies in western countries, as well as countries in most other parts of the world, support self-medication with Over-The-Counter (OTC) drugs. The switch from prescription (Rx)-to-OTC has been most common in the Nordic countries, Great Britain and Germany in the last decades and deregulations were done to make it possible to sell OTC analgesics other places than under the pharmacy ...
  • Ocean acidification at a coastal CO2 vent induces expression of stress-related transcripts and transposable elements in the sea anemone Anemonia viridis 

    Urbarova, Ilona; Forêt, Sylvain; Dahl, Mikael Per; Emblem, Åse E.; Milazzo, Marco; Hall-Spencer, Jason M.; Johansen, Steinar Daae (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-08)
    Ocean acidification threatens to disrupt interactions between organisms throughout marine ecosystems. The diversity of reef-building organisms decreases as seawater CO2 increases along natural gradients, yet soft-bodied animals, such as sea anemones, are often resilient. We sequenced the polyA-enriched transcriptome of adult sea anemone Anemonia viridis and its dinoflagellate symbiont sampled along ...
  • Receptor activator of nuclear factor kB ligand, osteoprotegerin, and risk of death following a breast cancer diagnosis: results from the EPIC cohort 

    Sarink, Danja; Schock, Helena; Johnson, Theron; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Overvad, Kim; Olsen, Anja; Tjønneland, Anne; Arveux, Patrick; Fournier, Agnès; Kvaskoff, Marina; Boeing, Heiner; Karakatsani, Anna; Trichopoulou, Antonia; La Vecchia, Carlo; Masala, Giovanna; Agnoli, Claudia; Panico, Salvatore; Tumino, Rosario; Sacerdote, Carlotta; van Gils, Carla H.; Peeters, Petra H.M.; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Agudo, Antonio; Rodríguez-Barranco, Miguel; Huerta, José María; Ardanaz, Eva; Gil, Leire; Kaw, Kay Tee; Schmidt, Julie A.; Dossus, Laure; His, Mathilde; Aune, Dagfinn; Riboli, Elio; Kaaks, Rudolf; Fortner, Renée T. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-22)
    <b>Background</b><br> Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK)-signaling is involved in tumor growth and spread in experimental models. Binding of RANK ligand (RANKL) to RANK activates signaling, which is inhibited by osteoprotegerin (OPG). We have previously shown that circulating soluble RANKL (sRANKL) and OPG are associated with breast cancer risk. Here we extend these findings to ...
  • “Then I went to a hospital abroad”: acknowledging implications of stakeholders’ differing risk understandings related to use of complementary and alternative medicine in European health care contexts 

    Salamonsen, Anita; Wiesener, Solveig (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-30)
    <b>Background</b><br> Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is a rather novel issue within public healthcare and health policy-making. CAM use in Europe is widespread, patient-initiated, and patient-evaluated, and the regulation across countries has been evaluated as disharmonized. CAM users are left in an uncertain position, and patient safety may be threatened. How “risk” is understood by ...
  • Validation of diagnostic utility of fasting plasma glucose and HbA1c in stable renal transplant recipients one year after transplantation 

    Ussif, Mohammed Al-Amin; Åsberg, Anders; Strøm Halden, Thea Anine; Nordheim, Espen; Hartmann, Anders; Jenssen, Trond Geir (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-10)
    <b>Background</b><br> The use of HbA1c ≥6.5% for diagnosis of diabetes has been challenged for post-transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) also known as new onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) due to a low sensitivity early after renal transplantation. PTDM diagnosed with an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is highly predictable for long-term patient mortality. HbA1c was introduced for ...
  • Physiotherapy improves symptoms of exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction in young elite athletes: A case series 

    Kolnes, Liv-Jorunn; Vollsæter, Maria; Røksund, Ola Drange; Stensrud, Trine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
    <b>Objective</b> <br>A constricted, upper chest breathing pattern and postural dealignments habitually accompany exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO), but there are few effective treatments for athletes presenting with EILO. This case series was conducted to examine whether physiotherapy based on principles from the Norwegian psychomotor physiotherapy (NPMP) combined with elements of cognitive ...
  • Ecological study on the use of hormonal contraception, abortions and births among teenagers in the Nordic countries 

    Hognert, Helena; Skjeldestad, Finn Egil; Gemzell-Danielsson, Kristina; Heikinheimo, Oskari; Milsom, Ian; Lidegaard, Øjvind; Lindh, Ingela (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-30)
    Objectives <br>Compare hormonal contraceptive use, birth and abortion rates among teenagers in the Nordic countries. A secondary aim was to explore plausible explanations for possible differences between countries.<br> Design <br> Ecological study using national registry data concerning births and abortions among all women aged 15–19 years residing in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden ...
  • Classical Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) in Arkhangelsk: Have They Changed over the Years? Comparison of Cross-sectional Studies: Arkhangelsk Study 2000 and Arkhangelsk Part of Know Your Heart Study 2015-17. 

    Komatsu, Aya (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-31)
    Background: According to the World Health Organization, 31% of all deaths worldwide result from cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), mostly in low- and middle-income countries. Even though Russia, an upper-middle income country, still have higher CVD mortality compared to the neighboring countries such as Finland and Norway, it has seen a reduction in CVD mortality since the turn of the millennium. ...
  • Comorbidity among patients admitted to the Department of Surgery, Hammerfest Hospital 

    Svanstrøm, Christina (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-06-04)
    Background: The citizens of Finnmark have higher mortality than Norway at large. Comorbidity can today be measured using methods like the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). Comorbidity and the burden of smoking, measured in pack years, amongst patients admitted to Finnmark Hospital Trust have never been investigated. Knowledge of these variables can presumably lead to better patient treatment and ...
  • Vekst og ernæring hos premature barn. En deskriptiv studie fra Nyfødt intensiv ved Universitetssykehuset i Nord-Norge 

    Olsen, Ingunn Birkelund (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-06-03)
    Bakgrunn: Adekvat ernæring er viktig for at et barn skal kunne vokse. For premature barn er det ekstra vanskelig å få til dette da de er mer utsatt for sykdom og komplikasjoner enn barn født til termin. Premature barn har i tillegg et høyere energibehov enn mature barn. Materiale og metode: Dette er en retrospektiv studie hvor man har hatt en systematisk gjennomgang av journalene til alle barn med ...
  • Improvement in ASIA-score for traumatic spinal cord injured individuals 

    Nebbneset, Ole Vegard Mork Bredesen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-06-03)
    Traumatic spinal cord injury is an injury which affect the patient on a functional, mental, social and economic level (1, 2). An injury to the spinal cord can affect motor, sensory and autonomic systems (1). From injury through rehabilitation process, neurologic recovery is seen (3). Hence it is interesting to find out what already is known about neurologic recovery in SCI and find what to expect ...
  • Synkope som utskrivelsesdiagnose - forekomst, utredning, diagnose og behandling 

    Johnsen, Henriette Ostad (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-06-03)
    Bakgrunn: Synkope er definert som et forbigående tap av bevissthet, som følge av global cerebral hypoperfusjon, og karakterisert av rask start, kort varighet og spontan full tilfriskning. Synkope er et symptom som pasienten presenterer, men er ikke i seg selv en diagnose. Formålet med denne oppgaven er å kartlegge de vanligste årsakene til synkope som utskrivelsesdiagnose, hvilken utredning, behandling ...
  • Does duration of use of LNG-IUDs vary by contraceptive experience of the provider? 

    Kaur, Shaleen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-06-03)
    Objective: To evaluate whether duration of LNG-IUD use varies by the contraceptive experience of the provider. Methods: 49 499 women who had a LNG-IUD prescription during 2010 and 2011 were identified from the NorPD database. The contraceptive experience of the providers was measured as number of prescriptions for any hormonal contraception, and number of LNG-IUD prescriptions in 2008/2009. Duration ...
  • Langtidskomplikasjoner ved diabetes type 1 pasienter i Nord-Norge 

    Salaman, Marcus; Sandnes, Eirik (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-06-03)
    Diabetes mellitus er en utbredt sykdom i Norge, og deles inn i type-1 og type-2. I dette prosjektet har valgt å rette fokuset mot prevalensen av langtidskomplikasjoner blant diabetes mellitus type-1 pasienter som følges opp av endokrinologisk seksjon ved UNN. Formålet er å undersøke hvilke typer langtidskomplikasjoner pasientene har fått av deres sykdom, om det foreligger kjønnsforskjeller og analysere ...
  • Efficacy of sacral nerve modulation evaluated with International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Bowels. A prospective case series assessing efficacy one month after implantation of a sacral nerve modulator 

    Kvalvik, Julia Christina Joanis (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-06-03)
    Objective: Sacral nerve modulation (SNM) is an established method for treating faecal incontinence (FI) if conservative measures fail. The International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Bowels (ICIQ-B) is a patient-completed symptom and quality of life assessment tool created by clinical experts with patient input. The purpose of this study was to use the ICIQ-B to evaluate the short-term ...
  • Gir nye behandlingsprotokoller for akutt leukemi flere liggedøgn i sykehus? 

    Rye, Karen Regine Finnsdotter (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-06-02)
    Bakgrunn: De siste 20 årene har det kommet flere endringer av retningslinjer for behandlingsregimer av akutt leukemi, hvor stadig eldre pasienter i dag får mer intensiv behandling i form av kjemoterapi med kurativt siktemål, og gjennomfører stamcelletransplantasjon. I denne oppgaven har vi sett på om en slik endring har ført til at pasienter med akutt leukemi generer flere liggedøgn i sykehus enn ...
  • Biopsykososial klinisk metode i møte med tenåringsjenter med langvarig utmattelse. En kvalitetssikringsstudie ved Barne- og ungdomsklinikken, UNN Tromsø 

    Otterlei, Åsa Wilhelmsen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-06-02)
    Bakgrunn og formål I 2014-2015 ble CL-teamet etablert ved Barne- og ungdomsklinikken, UNN Tromsø (BUK). Dette avstedkom et skifte i tilnærmingsmetode i møte med barn/unge henvist for langvarig utmattelse, fra biomedisinsk klinisk tilnærming, til biopsykososial klinisk metode (BKM). Formålet er å beskrive hvordan BKM benyttes ved BUK, samt evaluere metoden i lys av deltakernes opplevelser og ...
  • Chromosomal microarray in prenatal diagnosis - replacing traditional karyotyping 

    Winther, Alise Marie (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-06-02)
    Abstract Background: In prenatal diagnosis, chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) has not yet fully replaced conventional karyotyping. As CMA is able to detect smaller genomic imbalances compared to conventional karyotyping, it has become the first-tier test in pregnancies with ultrasound abnormalities. Objectives/aims: The aim of the study was to learn about CMA and its appliance in invasive ...
  • Komorbiditet og quality of life hos bariatriske pasienter. En prospektiv studie fra RSSO ved Nordlandssykehuset Bodø 

    Hveem, Fredrikke Eidarsdatter (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-06-02)
    Bakgrunn: Overvekt og fedme er et økende helseproblem både nasjonalt og globalt. Dette medfører risiko for somatiske sykdommer, inkludert hjerte- og karsykdom, diabetes mellitus, søvnapné og belastningsplager. Ofte eksisterer det psykososiale problemstillinger, enten som en årsak til eller et resultat av overvekt og fedme. Både somatiske og psykososiale aspekter kan gi redusert livskvalitet hos ...
  • Does the personality trait of neroticism cause vulnerabilty for Takotsubo cardiomyopathy? A literature review. 

    Zaman, Sanna; Kjær, Ronja Kamilla (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-31)
    Introduction: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is a transient left ventricular apical, medial or basal dysfunction, recovering completely without myocardial injury. It was first clinically described in 1991 by Sato et al. Impact of psychological distress and personality factors remains unclear. The aim of the study was to assess if the personality trait of neuroticism, can increase the vulnerability ...

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