Recent additions

  • Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging in children – how and why? A systematic review 

    Zadig, Pia Karin Karlsen; von Brandis, Elisabeth; Lein, Regina Küfner; Rosendahl, Karen; Avenarius, Derk; Müller, Lil-Sofie Ording (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-25)
    Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is increasingly being used for a number of indications. Our aim was to review and describe indications and scan protocols for diagnostic value of whole-body MRI for multifocal disease in children and adolescents, we conducted a systematic search in Medline, Embase and Cochrane for all published papers until November 2018. Relevant subject headings and free ...
  • Qualitative Evaluations of mHealth Interventions: Current Gaps and Future Directions 

    Bradway, Meghan; Leibowitz, Kari; Garrison, Kathleen A.; Howe, Lauren; Årsand, Eirik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    Psycho-social factors are often addressed in behavioral health studies. While the purpose of many mHealth interventions is to facilitate behavior change, the focus is more prominently on the functionality and usability of the technology and less on the psycho-social factors that contribute to behavior change. Here we aim to identify the extent to which mHealth interventions for patient self- management ...
  • Persistent pain associated with socioeconomic and personal factors in a Sami and Non-Sami population in Norway: an analysis of SAMINOR 2 survey data 

    Damsgård, Elin; Thrane, Gyrd; Fleten, Nils; Bagge, Johan; Sørlie, Tore; Anke, Audny; Broderstad, Ann Ragnhild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-11)
    In international studies, higher prevalence of persistent pain has been reported in indigenous populations compared to majority populations. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of persistent pain within a Sami and a non-Sami population in northern Norway, with adjustment for the confounding factors of age, sex, marital status, education, income, mental health, smoking status and ...
  • Levels of mental distress over 18 years after entering treatment for substance use disorders: A longitudinal cohort study 

    Hjemsæter, Arne Jan; Bramness, Jørgen Gustav; Drake, Robert; Skeie, Ivar; Monsbakken, Bent Berntsen; Saltyte Benth, Jurate; Landheim, Anne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-17)
    <i>Aims:</i> The aims were to investigate whether baseline characteristics and problematic substance use were related to change in mental distress over time in patients with substance use disorders during an 18-year period.<p> <p><i>Method:</i> This was a prospective, longitudinal study of patients followed for 18 years after entering specialised treatment for substance use disorders. A sample ...
  • Centralizing a national pancreatoduodenectomy service: striking the right balance 

    Nymo, Linn Såve; Kleive, Dyre; Waardal, Kim; Bringeland, Erling Audun; Søreide, Jon Arne; Labori, Knut Jørgen; Mortensen, Kim Erlend; Søreide, Kjetil; Lassen, Kristoffer (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-07)
    <i>Background</i> - Centralization of pancreatic surgery is currently called for owing to superior outcomes in higher‐volume centres. Conversely, organizational and patient concerns speak for a moderation in centralization. Consensus on the optimal balance has not yet been reached. This observational study presents a volume–outcome analysis of a complete national cohort in a health system with ...
  • User-centred Design with a Remote Approach: Experiences from the Chronic Pain Project 

    Smaradottir, Berglind; Bellika, Johan Gustav; Fredeng, Aina; Fagerlund, Asbjørn Johansen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    User-centred design involves end-users or user groups during all the parts of the development process. The research project Chronic Pain aims to develop a shared decision making application for patients and physicians, addressing individually adapted pain treatment. The project employs a user-centred design process, and in middle of it, Covid-19 pandemic social distancing restrictions were imposed. ...
  • Sykepleiernes utfordringer ved bruk av tvang i en liten kommune. En kvalitativ studie av sykepleiernes utfordringer i møte med pasienter og innleggelser ved bruk av tvang 

    Olsen, Vibeke Bjørkli (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-11-02)
    Bakgrunn for studiet er å se på hvilke erfaringer sykepleierne har i møte med pasienter med alvorlig psykiske lidelser. I september 2017 ble det gjort endring i lov om psykisk helsevern hvor styrkning av pasientens samtykkekompetanse og rettsikkerhet skulle bidra til forebygging og minske bruke av tvang. hensikten med studiet er å belyse kompetansen og bevisstgjøring innen for eget arbeidsfelt i ...
  • ATAD3 proteins in autophagy. Do ATAD3 proteins have a direct role in regulating autophagy 

    Taboko, Nelsy Efundem (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-22)
    ATPase Family AAA Domain -containing protein 3 (ATAD3) is a nuclear-encoded mitochondrial transmembrane protein encompassing three isoforms; ATAD3A, ATAD3B and ATAD3C. ATAD3 is involved in several cellular process and available data predict that ATAD3A and ATAD3B proteins may have potential roles in regulating autophagy and mitophagy. Preliminary data from our research group identified interactions ...
  • A study of TRIM32 self-ubiquitination 

    Khan, Waqas (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-15)
    TRIMs (tripartite motif proteins) constitute a family of ubiquitin E3 ligases that are involved in a variety of cellular processes including autophagy and carcinogenesis. TRIM32 contains an N-terminal RING finger domain, B-box region, a coiled-coil domain and six NHL repeats in the C-terminal region, which are involved in protein dimerization and substrate recognitions. Various mutations in the NHL ...
  • Exploration of rabbit integrin β3 as a possible immune-tolerizing agent to prevent foetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia. 

    van Ligtenberg, Lennart Maximilian (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2020-08-07)
    Foetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) is a disease caused by the production of antibodies by the mother to the platelets of the foetus. The alloimmune response is caused by a P33L substitution in the Human Platelet Antigen-1a (HPA-1a) in a homo- or heterozygous HPA-1a foetus, in a homozygous HPA-1b+ mother. Maternal antibodies are produced by activated HPA-1a specific T-cells able ...
  • Transcriptome and proteome profiling reveal complementary scavenger and immune features of rat liver sinusoidal endothelial cells and liver macrophages 

    Bhandari, Sabin; Li, Ruomei; Simon-Santamaria, Jaione; McCourt, Peter Anthony; Johansen, Steinar Daae; Smedsrød, Bård; Martinez, Inigo Zubiavrre; Sørensen, Karen Kristine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-27)
    <i>Background</i> - Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) and Kupffer cells (KCs; liver resident macrophages) form the body’s most effective scavenger cell system for the removal of harmful blood-borne substances, ranging from modified self-proteins to pathogens and xenobiotics. Controversies in the literature regarding the LSEC phenotype pose a challenge when determining distinct functionalities ...
  • C-reactive protein and its associations with сardiometabolic risk factors and echocardiographic indicators of heart failure: results of “Know your heart” study in Arkhangelsk 

    Mirolyubova, Olga A.; Kudryavtsev, Alexander V.; Semchyugova, Elvira; Malyutina, Sofia; Ryabikov, Andrey (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09)
    <p><i>Цель - </i>Оценка связи высокочувствительного С-реактивного белка (вчСРБ) с кардиометаболическими и эхокардиографическими (ЭхоКГ) индикаторами сердечной недостаточности (СН) среди взрослого населения Северного региона России. <p><i>Материал и методы - </i>Поперечное исследование «Узнай свое сердце» проведено в 2015–2017 гг. на случайной выборке общего населения г. Архангельска в возрасте 35–69 ...
  • Student characteristics associated with dominant approaches to studying: Comparing a national and an international sample 

    Thørrisen, Mikkel Magnus; Mørk, Gry; Åsli, Lene Angel; Gramstad, Astrid; Stigen, Linda; Magne, Trine A; Carstensen, Tove; Johnson, Susanne Grødem; Brown, Ted; Lim, Hua Beng; Fong, Kenneth; Bonsaksen, Tore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-11)
    <p><i>Background - </i>Productive approaches to studying (deep and strategic learning) are associated with a variety of favourable academic outcomes, and may be of particular importance for students in multifaceted and complex disciplines such as occupational therapy. <p><i>Aim - </i>To explore associations between student characteristics and their dominant approaches to studying in two samples of ...
  • ALCAM predicts future cardiovascular death in acute coronary syndromes: Insights from the PLATO trial 

    Ueland, Thor; Åkerblom, Axel; Ghukasyan, Tatevik; Michelsen, Annika; Becker, Richard C; Bertilson, Maria; Budaj, Andrzej; Cornel, Jan H; Himmelmann, Anders; James, Stefan K; Siegbahn, Agneta; Storey, Robert F; Kontny, Frederic; Aukrust, Pål; Wallentin, Lars (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-29)
    <p><i>Background and aims - </i>Activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM) is upregulated during inflammation and involved in transmigration of leukocytes and T-cell activation. We hypothesized that ALCAM might be associated with recurrent events in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). <p><i>Methods - </i>ALCAM was measured in serum obtained on admission, at discharge, 1 month and ...
  • Sterke inntrykk og tøffe opplevelser i arbeidshverdagen - Må man være hardhudet for å kunne jobbe som operasjonssykepleier? 

    Mikkelsen, Victoria (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2020-11-02)
    En kvalitativ studie om hvordan operasjonssykepleiere erfarer å stå i kritiske situasjoner på operasjonsavdelingen, og hvilke faktorer de mener vil kunne fremme mestring ved slike situasjoner
  • Preoperativ antisepsis på operasjonsstuen - Hvilke desinfeksjonsmiddel og metoder anbefales i eksisterende forskningslitteratur? 

    Heggelund, Stian (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2020-11-02)
    Preoperativ antisepsis er et viktig tiltak for å redusere risikoen for postoperative sårinfeksjoner. Hva som er beste desinfeksjonsmiddel og fremgangsmåte for påføring av desinfeksjonsmiddel er et uoppklart tema. Det ble gjort en litteraturstudie med systematisk tilnærming. Målet var å finne oppsummert forskningskunnskap og fagfellevurderte enkeltstudier som undersøker hva som er beste desinfeksjonsmiddel ...
  • Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation as a memory enhancer in healthy participants and patients with Alzheimer`s disease 

    Bystad, Martin Kragnes (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2020-12-18)
    <p>The aim of this thesis was to investigate the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) as a memory enhancer in Alzheimer’s disease patients and healthy individuals. In addition, we wanted to study how verbal memory functions are related to hippocampus subfield volumes. <p>This thesis consists of three reports, in which two of the reports (I and II) aimed to study the effects of ...
  • Suicide among Sámi – Cultural meanings of suicide and interventions for suicide prevention in Nordic parts of Sápmi 

    Stoor, Jon Petter Anders (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2020-12-17)
    <p><i>Background:</i> In suicidological research, it is well known that suicide rates differ, sometimes to a great extent, between countries, sexes, religious and ethnic populations. It has been suggested that in-depth exploration of social, cultural, contextual and historical perspectives on suicide is needed to explain this, and increase efficacy of prevention efforts. Sámi are the Indigenous ...
  • Perinatal mortality and its association with antenatal care utilization in the Republic of Georgia 

    Manjavidze, Tinatin (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2020-12-11)
    <p><i>Background:</i> Despite recent achievements, perinatal mortality (PM) rates remain high worldwide, especially in low-income countries (>30 per 1000 births). PM is defined as the death of a fetus/livebirth between 22 completed weeks of gestation and the first 7 days of life. Simple, non-invasive interventions could reduce PM rates, since most deaths are caused by preventable conditions. Adequate ...
  • Ikke-invasiv prenatal testing (NIPT) for kjønnsbestemmelse av foster. Metodevurdering 

    Ormstad, Sari Susanna; Schneider, Anna; Solberg, Berge; Fure, Brynjar; Juvet, Lene Kristine (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2016-12)
    X‐bundne recessive sykdommer er alvorlige arvelige sykdommer som hovedsakelig rammer gutter. Når en kvinne som er bærer av en X‐bundet recessiv sykdom føder barn, kan hun få en frisk jente, en frisk jente som er bærer som sin mor, en frisk gutt, eller en gutt som har den X‐bundne recessive sykdommen. Dagens praksis i Norge er at alle gravide kvinner med økt risiko for å få et barn med en ...

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