Recent additions

  • Adverse effects in homeopathy. A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies 

    Stub, Trine; Kristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter; Overvåg, Grete; Jong, Miek; Musial, Frauke; Liu, Jianping (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-28)
    <p><i>Background - </i>Almost all health care interventions have the potential to be associated with risk to patient safety. Different terminologies are used to define treatment induced risk to patient safety and a common definition is the term adverse effect. Beyond the concept of adverse effect and specific to homeopathy is the concept of homeopathic aggravation. Homeopathic aggravation describes ...
  • Regulation of Expression of Autophagy Genes by Atg8a-Interacting Partners Sequoia, YL-1, and Sir2 in Drosophila 

    Jacomin, Anne-Claire; Petridi, Stavroula; Di Monaco, Marisa; Bhujabal, Zambarlal; Jain, Ashish; Mulakkal, Nitha C.; Palara, Anthimi; Powell, Emma L.; Chung, Bonita; Zampronio, Cleidiane; Jones, Alexandra; Cameron, Alexander; Johansen, Terje; Nezis, Ioannis P. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-26)
    Autophagy is the degradation of cytoplasmic material through the lysosomal pathway. One of the most studied autophagy-related proteins is LC3. Despite growing evidence that LC3 is enriched in the nucleus, its nuclear role is poorly understood. Here, we show that <i>Drosophila</i> Atg8a protein, homologous to mammalian LC3, interacts with the transcription factor Sequoia in a LIR motif-dependent ...
  • Help-seeking behavior in Norwegian adolescents: the role of bullying and cyberbullying victimization in a cross-sectional study 

    Kaiser, Sabine; Kyrrestad, Henriette; Fossum, Sturla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-30)
    <i>Background:</i> Help-seeking is considered a constructive coping style. However, the threshold at which many adolescents seek help is relatively high, and the outcomes are not necessarily always positive.<p> <p><i>Objective:</i> The main aim of this study was to examine if bullying and cyberbullying victimization predicted help-seeking behavior among< Norwegian adolescents.<p> <p><i>Method:</i> ...
  • Structural Analysis of Merkel Cell Polyomavirus (MCPyV) Viral Capsid Protein (VP1) in HIV-1 Infected Individuals 

    Prezioso, Carla; Bianchi, Martina; Obregon, Francisco; Ciotti, Marco; Sarmati, Loredana; Andreoni, Massimo; Palamara, Anna Teresa; Pascarella, Stefano; Moens, Ugo; Pietropaolo, Valeria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-27)
    Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) viral protein 1 (VP1) is the capsid protein that mediates virus attachment to host cell receptors and is the major immune target. Given the limited data on MCPyV VP1 mutations, the VP1 genetic variability was examined in 100 plasma and 100 urine samples from 100 HIV+ individuals. Sequencing of VP1 DNA in 17 urine and 17 plasma specimens, simultaneously MCPyV DNA ...
  • Staphylococcus borealis sp. nov., isolated from human skin and blood 

    Pain, Maria; Wolden, Runa; Jaén-Luchoro, Daniel; Salvà-Serra, Francisco; Iglesias, Beatriz Piñeiro; Karlsson, Roger; Klingenberg, Claus; Cavanagh, Jorunn Pauline (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-13)
    When analysing a large cohort of <i>Staphylococcus haemolyticus</i>, using whole-genome sequencing, five human isolates (four from the skin and one from a blood culture) with aberrant phenotypic and genotypic traits were identified. They were phenotypically similar with yellow colonies, nearly identical 16S rRNA gene sequences and initially speciated as <i>S. haemolyticus</i> based on 16S rRNA gene ...
  • Multi-scale modeling of drug binding kinetics to predict drug efficacy 

    Clarelli, Fabrizio; Liang, Jingyi; Martinecz, Antal; Heiland, Ines; Wiesch, Pia Abel Zur (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-25)
    Optimizing drug therapies for any disease requires a solid understanding of pharmacokinetics (the drug concentration at a given time point in different body compartments) and pharmacodynamics (the effect a drug has at a given concentration). Mathematical models are frequently used to infer drug concentrations over time based on infrequent sampling and/or in inaccessible body compartments. Models are ...
  • Enhancing functional improvement in reablement – a qualitative study 

    Eliassen, Marianne; Lahelle, Andreas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-15)
    <i>Background and purpose</i>: Reablement is aimed to enable people to remain independent in their lives and is based on users’ own goals. Interventions are described to involve both physical exercises and guidance in everyday activities. However, descriptions of the content of reablement practices are sparse. This study aims to investigate and discuss how physiotherapists (PTs) on reablement teams ...
  • Can HRV Biofeedback Improve Short-Term Effort Recovery? Implications for Intermittent Load Sports 

    Perez-Gaido, Mauro; Lalanza, Jaume F; Parrado, Eva; Capdevila, Lluis (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-05)
    As intensity and physical demands continue to rise in sport competition, faster and better recovery becomes essential. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of HRV biofeedback (HRVB) while recovering from a submaximal aerobic exercise. Ten physically-active graduate students participated in the study, which was conducted in four sessions: exercise with free-breathing recovery, first ...
  • The Cafeteria Diet: a standardized protocol and its effects on behavior 

    Lalanza, Jaume F; Snoeren, Eelke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-10)
    Obesity is a major health risk, with junk food consumption playing a central role in weight gain, because of its high palatability and high-energy nutrients. The Cafeteria (CAF) diet model for animal experiments consists of the same tasty but unhealthy food products that people eat (e.g. hot dogs and muffins), and considers variety, novelty and secondary food features, such as smell and texture. ...
  • Resistance to ventricular fibrillation predicted by the QRS/QTc - ratio in an intact rat model of hypothermia/rewarming 

    Dietrichs, Erik Sveberg; Selli, Anders Lund; Kondratiev, Timofei; McGlynn, Karen; Smith, Godfrey L; Tveita, Torkjel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-04)
    Accidental hypothermia is associated with increased risk for arrhythmias. QRS/QTc is proposed as an ECG-marker, where decreasing values predict hypothermia-induced ventricular arrhythmias. If reliable it should also predict nonappearance of arrhythmias, observed in species like rat that regularly tolerate prolonged hypothermia.<p> <p>A rat model designed for studying cardiovascular function during ...
  • Children sharing preferences on contact and residence arrangements in child-inclusive family mediation in Norway 

    Grape, Lovise; Thørnblad, Renee; Handegård, Bjørn Helge (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-07)
    Mediation is mandatory for all separating and divorcing parents in Norway with children under 16 years. The participation of children is voluntary. Living arrangement preferences presented by children attending child-inclusive family mediation in Norway (n = 346, aged 4–18 years) have been examined. 47.1 per cent of children gave a living arrangement preference, and older children were more likely ...
  • Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation and the risk of fatal myocardial infarction among Norwegian women: a prospective cohort 

    Rist, Kim (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-12-01)
    <p>Background: In 2015, around 17.9 million people died from cardiovascular disease worldwide, with myocardial infarction being the most common manifestation. Contemporary research suggests that omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) interventions have less useful cardiovascular outcomes than previously thought. This study aims to examine the association between n-3 PUFA intake frequency ...
  • Plasmid Interactions Can Improve Plasmid Persistence in Bacterial Populations 

    Gama, João Alves; Zilhão, Rita; Dionisio, Francisco (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-31)
    It is difficult to understand plasmid maintenance in the absence of selection and theoretical models predict the conditions for plasmid persistence to be limited. Plasmid-associated fitness costs decrease bacterial competitivity, while imperfect partition allows the emergence of plasmid-free cells during cell division. Although plasmid conjugative transfer allows mobility into plasmid-free cells, ...
  • Cardiovascular risk factors and incidence of acute myocardial infarction and cerebral stroke in Sami and non-Sami populations — The SAMINOR Study 

    Siri, Susanna Ragnhild Andersdatter (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2021-02-08)
    The overall aim of this thesis was to examine and compare cardiovascular risk factors, time-trends in these risk factors, and the incidence of cardiovascular disease in Sami and non-Sami populations living in the same rural geographical area. We used information from the SAMINOR Study, which is a Population-based Study on Health and Living Conditions in Regions with Sami and Norwegian Populations. ...
  • Dominance between plasmids determines the extent of biofilm formation 

    Gama, João Alves; Fredheim, Elizabeth G. Aarag; Cléon, Francois Pierre Alexandre; Reis, Ana Maria; Zilhão, Rita; Dionisio, Francisco (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-26)
    Bacterial biofilms have an impact in medical and industrial environments because they often confer protection to bacteria against harmful agents, and constitute a source from which microorganisms can disperse. Conjugative plasmids can enhance bacterial ability to form biofilms because conjugative pili act as adhesion factors. However, plasmids may interact with each other, either facilitating or ...
  • Probing the neural signature of mind wandering with simultaneous fMRI-EEG and pupillometry 

    Groot, Josephine Maria; Boayue, Nya Mehnwolo; Csifcsak, Gabor; Boekel, Wouter; Huster, Rene; Forstmann, Birte U; Mittner, Matthias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-01)
    Mind wandering reflects the shift in attentional focus from task-related cognition driven by external stimuli toward self-generated and internally-oriented thought processes. Although such task-unrelated thoughts (TUTs) are pervasive and detrimental to task performance, their underlying neural mechanisms are only modestly understood. To investigate TUTs with high spatial and temporal precision, we ...
  • Physical Activity and Body Composition in Norwegian Adolescents. Results from The Tromsø Study: Fit Futures 

    Aars, Nils Abel (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2021-02-04)
    The present thesis has investigated the cross-sectional and prospective associations between self-reported and objectively measured physical activity with five objectively measured indices of body composition in Norwegian adolescents participating in the Tromsø Study Fit: Futures Cohort. The three included papers used regression analyses to assess the cross-sectional association between self-reported ...
  • Distribution of health anxiety in a general adult population and associations with demographic and social network characteristics 

    Norbye, Anja M. Davis; Abelsen, Birgit; Førde, Olav Helge; Ringberg, Unni (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2020-11-13)
    <i>Background</i> - Health anxiety (HA) is associated with increased risk of disability, increased health care utilization and reduced quality of life. However, there is no consensus on which factors are important for the level of HA. The aim of this study was to explore the distribution of HA in a general adult population and to investigate whether demographic and social factors were associated ...
  • Dietary changes in early-stage breast cancer patients from pre-surgery and over the 12 months post-surgery 

    Brunvoll, Sonja Hjellegjerde; Thune, Inger; Bertheussen, Gro Falkener; Fjeldheim, Frøydis Nyborg; Flote, Vidar Gordon; Frydenberg, Hanne; Lundgren, Steinar; Skjerven, Helle; Lømo, Jon; Fagerland, Morten; McTiernan, Anne; Schlichting, Ellen; Hjartåker, Anette (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-19)
    The time after a breast cancer diagnosis is a potential period for making positive dietary changes, but previous results are conflicting. The main aim of the present study was to study breast cancer patients’ dietary changes during the 12 months post-surgery and from 12 months pre-surgery to 12 months post-surgery with repeated administration of a 7-d pre-coded food diary and an FFQ, respectively. ...
  • Plasma polyphenols associated with lower high-sensitivity C-reactive protein concentrations: A cross-sectional study within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort 

    Harms, Laura; Scalbert, Augustin; Zamora-Ros, Raul; Rinaldi, Sabina; Jenab, Mazda; Murphy, Neil; Achaintre, David; Tjønneland, Anne; Olsen, Anja; Overvad, Kim; Romana, Mancini; Mahamat-Saleh, Yahya; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Kühn, Tilman; Katzke, Verena; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Martimianaki, Georgia; Karakatsani, Anna; Palli, Domenico; Panico, Salvatore; Sieri, Sabina; Tumino, Rosario; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Bueno-de-Mesquita, Hendrik Bastian; Vermeulen, Roel; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Nøst, Therese Haugdahl; Lasheras, Cristina; RodrÍguez-Barranco, Miguel; Huerta, José María; Barricarte, Aurelio; Dorronsoro, Miren; Hultdin, Johan; Schmidt, Julie A.; Gunter, Marc; Riboli, Elio; Aleksandrova, Krasimira (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-04)
    Experimental studies have reported on the anti-inflammatory properties of polyphenols. However, results from epidemiological investigations have been inconsistent and especially studies using biomarkers for assessment of polyphenol intake have been scant. We aimed to characterise the association between plasma concentrations of thirty-five polyphenol compounds and low-grade systemic inflammation ...

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