Recent additions

  • Now you see it, now you don’t: Solid and subtle differences between Hedonic and Eudaimonic Wellbeing 

    Thorsteinsen, Kjærsti; Vittersø, Joar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-10)
    Data from an intensive longitudinal goal intervention study in Norway (N = 138) were used to test the assumption that hedonic (HWB) and eudaimonic (EWB) wellbeing reflect two distinct dimensions of wellbeing. Based on multilevel factor analyses, a path model and hierarchical regression analyses the paper aimed to demonstrate that a basic duality between the two kinds of wellbeing exists. Compared ...
  • Measuring Resilience Across Australia and Norway: Validation and Psychometric Properties of the English Version of the Resilience Scale for Adults. 

    Anyan, Frederick; Hjemdal, Odin; Bizumic, Boris; Friborg, Oddgeir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2019-04-05)
    Resilience has become increasingly important in clinical and health psychology, but only few scales have received good psychometric ratings for assessing various outcomes of resilience. The Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) is one of the best psychometrically rated scales and has been validated among Norwegian samples. The purpose of this study was to explore the construct validity of the RSA in an ...
  • Tissue-infiltrating immune cells as prognostic markers in oral squamous cell carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis 

    Hadler-Olsen, Elin Synnøve; Wirsing, Anna Maria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-27)
    <i>Background</i> - Various immune cells have been suggested as prognostic markers for cancer patients. In this article, we present a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies assessing the prognostic value of tissue-infiltrating immune cells in oral cancer and discuss the reporting quality of these studies.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - We performed a systematic literature search and included ...
  • Public Dental Service personnel facing a major health care reform in Finland 

    Widström, Eeva; Tiira, Hannele; Tillberg, Anders (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-11)
    <i>Objectives</i> - A health care reform will replace the health care and social services centred on public provision with a market-oriented system and enhanced competition between public and private sectors. The aim was to ascertain Public Dental Services (PDS) changes personnel anticipated and how dental services in the new “public” undertakings could be made more cost-efficient.<p> <p><i>Materials ...
  • The impact of ICDAS on occlusal caries treatment recommendations for high caries risk patients: an in vitro study 

    Qudeimat, Muawia; Altarakemah, Yacoub; Alomari, Qasem; Alshawaf, Nour; Honkala, Eino (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-07)
    <i>Background</i> - The diagnostic criteria and tools used in caries lesion detection have been shown to affect the decision-making for caries treatment. Compared to other diagnostic criteria/classifications, ICDAS has been shown to provide a more accurate method for the detection of occlusal caries lesions. The influence of using ICDAS on caries treatment recommendations has received increasing ...
  • Children and adolescents dental treatment in 2001-2013 in the Finnish public dental service 

    Lindén, J.; Widström, Eeva; Sinkkonen, Jari (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-01)
    <i>Background</i> - The Public Dental Service (PDS) in Finland has catered for the overwhelming majority of the young for more than 50 years. They have had examinations, preventive measures and all other necessary treatment free of charge. This study aimed to survey the treatment needs and treatment measures provided for children and adolescents and changes in these during the period 2001–2013.<p> ...
  • Modeling Human Sexual Motivation in Rodents: Some Caveats 

    Le Moene, Olivia; Ågmo, Anders j (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-27)
    Sexual behavior is activated by motivation. An overwhelming majority of experimental studies of the intricacies of sexual motivation has been performed in rodents, most of them in rats. Sometimes it is desirable to generalize results obtained in this species to other species, particularly the human. It is hoped that studies of the neurobiology of rodent sexual behavior may shed light on the central ...
  • Reliability, factor structure, and validity of the inventory of complicated grief (ICG) in a general bereaved sample in Norway 

    Thimm, Jens; Davidsen, Maylinn; Elsness, Mie Marie; Vara, Helga (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-29)
    The Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG) is the most widely used instrument to assess the severity of prolonged grief reactions after the loss of a loved one. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Norwegian ICG by examining its reliability, factor structure, and relationships with the anxiety and depression subscales of the Brief Symptom Inventory, ...
  • Lederes forventninger til nyutdannede sykepleiere fordrer samarbeid med utdanningen 

    Pedersen, Karin Ravn; Tingvoll, Wivi-Ann (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-01)
    Nye og flere oppgaver i sykehjem krever at sykepleierne er faglig oppdatert, og i stand til å observere og vurdere pasientens tilstand. Sykepleierutdanningen har i samarbeid med ledere i sykehjem et ansvar for at nyutdannede sykepleiere er rustet til å møte dagens faglige utfordringer.<p> <p>Artikkelen har til hensikt å belyse hva sykehjemsledere forventer av nyutdannede sykepleieres utøvelse ...
  • Bruk av kosttilskudd blant middelaldrende norske kvinner 

    Waaseth, Marit; Larsen, Hanne Næsvold; May-Britt Storø, Thoresen; Skeie, Guri (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2019-03-18)
    <p><i>Formål - </i>Å beskrive forbruksmønsteret av kosttilskudd blant middelaldrende norske kvinner med tanke på sammenheng med brukerkarakteristika, inkludert legemiddelbruk og sosioøkonomiske faktorer. <p><i>Metode - </i>Studien er en tverrsnittsanalyse av spørreskjemadata fra 3231 deltakere (født 1943-57) i Kvinner og kreftstudien. Data ble innsamlet i 2003-2006, responsrate 72 %. <p><i>Resultat ...
  • In Brief Neuropsychological Assessment, Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) Is associated with Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers for Cognitive Decline in Contrast to the Prevailing NIA-AA MCI Criterion 

    Hessen, Erik; Kirsebom, Bjørn-Eivind; Eriksson, Cecilia Magdalena; Eliassen, Carl Fredrik Andestad; Nakling, Arne; Bråthen, Geir; Waterloo, Knut; Aarsland, Dag; Fladby, Tormod (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-22)
    <i>Background:</i> In the care of persons with cognitive problems, it is important to use a valid mild cognitive impairment (MCI) criterion that discriminates well between normal and pathological aging.<p> <p><i>Objective:</i> To find the brief neuropsychological screening criterion that best correlates with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for cognitive decline and dementia in persons ...
  • European Society of Endodontology position statement: Management of deep caries and the exposed pulp 

    Duncan, Henry F.; Galler, Kerstin; Tomson, Phillip L.M.; Simon, Stephanie; El-Karim, Ikhlas; Kundzina, Rita; Krastl, Gabriel; Dammaschke, Till; Fransson, Helena; Markvart, Merete; Zehnder, Matthias; Bjørndal, Lars (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-21)
    This position statement on the management of deep caries and the exposed pulp represents the consensus of an expert committee, convened by the European Society of Endodontology (ESE). Preserving the pulp in a healthy state with sustained vitality, preventing apical periodontitis and developing minimally invasive biologically based therapies are key themes within contemporary clinical endodontics. ...
  • Airborne exposure to gaseous and particle-associated organic substances in resin-based dental materials during restorative procedures 

    Nilsen, Bo Wold; Jensen, Einar; Õrtengren, Ulf; Bang, Berit; Michelsen, Vibeke Barman (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-16)
    Dental composite dust has been shown to act as a vehicle for methacrylates in vivo/in vitro. The objective of this study was to assess airborne exposure of dental personnel to gaseous and particle‐associated organic constituents from resin‐based dental materials in a simulated clinic. Sampling of total aerosol fractions and gaseous substances was performed by dental students carrying particle filters ...
  • Body weight and body mass index influence bone mineral density in late adolescence in a two-year follow-up study. The Tromsø Study: Fit Futures 

    Nilsen, Ole Andreas; Ahmed, Luai A.; Winther, Anne; Christoffersen, Tore; Thrane, Gyrd; Evensen, Elin; Furberg, Anne-Sofie; Grimnes, Guri; Dennison, Elaine; Emaus, Nina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-04)
    Determinants of bone acquisition in late adolescence and early adulthood are not well‐described. This 2‐year follow‐up study explored the associations of body weight (BW), body mass index (BMI), and changes in weight status with adolescent bone accretion in a sample of 651 adolescents (355 girls and 296 boys) between 15 and 19 years of age from The Tromsø Study: Fit Futures. This Norwegian ...
  • Workforce and Professional Education 

    Blair, Mitch; Gage, Heather; MacPepple, Ekelechi; Michaud, Pierre-Andre; Hilliard, Carol; Clancy, Anne; Hollywood, Eleanor; Brenner, Maria; Al-Yassin, Amina; Nitsche, Catharina (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2019-05-06)
    Given that the workforce constitutes a principal resource of primary care, appraisal of models of care requires thorough investigation of the health workforce in all Models of Child Health Appraised (MOCHA) countries. This chapter explores this in terms of workforce composition, remuneration, qualifications and training in relation to the needs of children and young people. We have focused on ...
  • Service and boundary negotiations for children with complex care needs in Europe 

    Brenner, Maria; O' Shea, Miriam; Clancy, Anne; Lundstroem, Stine; Larkin, Philip; Lignou, Sapfo; Luzi, Daniela; Olaso, Elena Montanana; Alma, Manna; Pecoraro, Fabrizio; Satherley, Rose-Marie; Tamburis, Oscar; Taylor, Keishia; Warters, Austin; Wolfe, Ingrid; Berry, Jay; Noctor, Colman; Hilliard, Carol (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2019-05-06)
    Improvements in neonatal and paediatric care mean that many children with complex care needs (CCNs) now survive into adulthood. This cohort of children places great challenges on health and social care delivery in the community: they require dynamic and responsive health and social care over a long period of time; they require organisational and delivery coordination functions; and health issues ...
  • Steder, stedsfortellinger og livsmot 

    Clancy, Anne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-15)
    This essay develops an understanding of how attachment to place and how physical, virtual and symbolic places can nurture or constrain a person’s will to carry on and find meaning. The nursing home is presented as an illustration of a physical place and the online gaming world represents a virtual place. Young and old share stories of how the symbolic meaning of place or memories of place can nurture ...
  • Måleegenskaper ved den norske versjonen av Aid to Capacity Evaluation (ACE) 

    Brøndbo, Per Håkan; Halvorsen, Marianne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-14)
    Aid to Capacity Evaluation (ACE) er et semistrukturert beslutningshjelpemiddel som kan hjelpe klinikere til å vurdere pasienters beslutnings- eller samtykkekompetanse når pasienten skal ta en medisinsk beslutning. Skjemaet består av syv vurderingsområder som er vesentlige for pasientens beslutningskompetanse. Det tar 5–10 minutter å gjennomføre intervjuet. Den norske oversettelsen ble gjort i 2011 ...
  • Natur, fortellinger og sykdomserfaringer - betydning for opplevelse av livsmot 

    Balteskard, Bjørg (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-14)
    This essay is based on a description of the live-giving space of nature. The sense of local belonging, the power of narrative and the listener’s susceptibility to impressions are live-giving phenomena in a situation where disease threatens. Disease often disrupts the life one wants to live. Narrating is related to one’s identity and can help maintain continuity in a life threatened by disease. A new ...
  • Experiences of quality of life the first year after stroke in Denmark and Norway. A qualitative analysis 

    Pedersen, Synne Garder; Anke, Audny; Aadal, Lena; Pallesen, Hanne; Moe, Siri; Arntzen, Cathrine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-24)
    <i>Purpose</i>: This study aims to explore quality of life (QOL) during the first year of recovery after stroke in North Norway and Central Denmark. <p> <p><i>Method</i>: Individual in-depth interviews with 11 stroke survivors were performed twelve months after stroke onset. An interpretative, inductive approach shaped the interview process and the processing of data. <p> <p><i>Results</i>: ...

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