Recent additions

  • Tannhelsepersonells erfaringer vedrørende barn med mye karies og foreldrenes tannhelsekunnskap 

    Noori, Husna; Faizi, Heela (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-19)
    I Norge har 20 % av barn 80 % av de registrerte kariesangrepene. Forskning viser at foreldres kunnskap, atferd og evne til å forstå helseinformasjon påvirker barnets tannhelse. Vi ville undersøke hvilke erfaringer tannleger/tannpleiere har vedrørende disse barna og deres foreldre. Tanker om hvordan man kan på best mulig måte ivareta disse barnas tannhelse var også av interesse. Hensikten med intervjuet ...
  • The relationship between personality characteristics of dentists, dental anxiety, negative stories, and negative experiences with dental treatment. 

    Lillejord, Vetle; Lillejord, Sondre; Furnes, Martine (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-18)
    Background: Negative stories about the dentist are prevalent in mass-media and in social discourse. There are few studies about the effect of this, and we know that dental anxiety has not decreased over time, even though there have been a lot of changes in dental care. This study explores the impact of dental anxiety, negative stories and negative experiences on the rating of dentists’ personality ...
  • Samarbeidet mellom hjemmetjenesten og den offentlige tannhelsetjenesten i Troms 

    Bremer, Eirik Samuelsen; Berntsen, Hanna Aksnes; Pedersen, Inger-Ann (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-18)
    Bakgrunn: Personer som mottar hjemmesykepleie har ifølge Lov om tannhelsetjenesten rett til gratis tannbehandling fra den offentlige tannhelsetjenesten (DOT). Samtidig viser tall fra Statistisk sentralbyrå at på landsbasis er det under en fjerdedel som benytter seg av dette tilbudet. Man vet at levealderen har steget jevnt siden 1950-tallet og man forventer at den fremdeles kommer til å stige de ...
  • Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (Norwegian). Oversettelse av et internasjonalt diagnostisk verktøy. 

    Hansen, Arianne Holmgren; Walderhaug, Marte; Sanchez, Aina (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-14)
    Formål: Hensikten med prosjektet er å bidra til å utvikle en norsk versjon av Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD). En norsk versjon av DC/TMD vil kunne tilrettelegge for presis diagnostikk av pasienter med norsk bakgrunn og resultatmål fra Norge vil medvirke i internasjonal klinisk forskning av berørte pasientgrupper på tvers av kulturer. Bakgrunn: På engelsk benyttes ...
  • Snus intervention among dental personnel in Norway 

    Kverneng, Alexandra Hansson; Rustad, Julie Marie Børnich; Kvitvær, Katrine Nystad (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-02-06)
    Objectives: The aim of our study was to investigate dentists' and dental hygienists' practices concerning snus cessation in the dental clinics, and to map if they have enough knowledge about snus. We also wanted to see if there are differences between dentists and dental hygienists in cessation activity and successfulness, and what methods are used for intervention. Methods: A questionnaire was ...
  • Light curing composite -a thermal risk for the pulp? 

    Haukland, Torbjørn (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-05-19)
    Introduction and objectives: Light curing has shown to be a risk for the pulp as well as for superficial tissues due to high temperatures. The aim of this study was to evaluate temperature changes in a low viscosity bulk fill composite and the temperature effect on the pulp chamber temperature during light curing using a LED light curing device (LCU). The null hypothesis stated was that the composite ...
  • Mechanical properties of bulk fill compared to universal composites. 

    Winsjansen, Andreas (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-05-16)
    Objectives: Bulk fill composites are becoming increasingly popular due to claimed facilitated placement and curing. Varying results on the mechanical properties and depth of cure have been reported, however. The aim for the present study was to compare flexural strength, E-modulus, secant modulus, Knoop hardness and depth of cure of bulk fill and universal composite materials, subjected to different ...
  • Tannhelsetjenesten og innmeldinger til Barnevernet. Tannhelsetjenestens behov for retningslinjer og veiledning, for å gi utsatte barn den støtten som trengs. 

    Kræmer, Helle Feldt; Stiberg, Katharina (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-05-16)
    I masteroppgaven ønsker vi kort å beskrive hvilken beskyttende tiltak som finnes for barn som er utsatt for vold, overgrep, omsorgssvikt og dental forsømmelse. Vi ønsker også og kartlegge rutiner og beredskap i den Offentlige Tannhelsetjenesten i Nordland og Troms, ved mistanke om at barn er utsatte for overnevnte. Våren 2017 skal Helsedirektoratet presentere nye nasjonale retningslinjer angående ...
  • Should Clinicians Split or Lump Psychiatric Symptoms? The Structure of Psychopathology in Two Large Pediatric Clinical Samples from England and Norway 

    Fernández de la Cruz, Lorena; Vidal-Ribas, Pablo; Zahreddine, Nada; Mathiassen, Børge; Brøndbo, Per Håkan; Simonoff, Emily; Goodman, Robert; Stringaris, Argyris (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-14)
    It has been suggested that the structure of psychiatric phenomena can be reduced to a few symptom dimensions. These proposals, mainly based on epidemiological samples, may not apply to clinical populations. We tested the structure of psychiatric symptoms across two pediatric clinical samples from England (N=8434) and Norway (N=5866). Confirmatory factor analyses of the parent-reported Strengths ...
  • Discordance, Disclosure and Normative Gender Roles: Barriers to Couple Testing Within a Community-Level HIV Self-Testing Intervention in Urban Blantyre, Malawi 

    Kumwenda, Moses Kelly; Corbett, Elizabeth Lucy; Chikovore, Jeremiah; Phiri, Mackwellings; Mwale, Daniel; Choko, Augustine Talumba; Nliwasa, Marriot; Sambakunsi, Rodrick; Taegtmeyer, Miriam; Gutteberg, Tore Jarl; Munthali, Alister; Desmond, Nicola (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-06)
    A community-based HIV self-testing study in Blantyre, Malawi demonstrated that not all individuals living in couples tested with their partner. We describe factors dissuading individuals in couples from self-testing with their partner. Data were drawn from qualitative study exploring consequences of HIV self-testing within couples. In-depth interviews were conducted with 33 individuals living in ...
  • Risk thresholds for alcohol consumption: combined analysis of individual-participant data for 599 912 current drinkers in 83 prospective studies 

    Wood, Angela M.; Kaptoge, Stephen; Butterworth, Adam S.; Willeit, Peter; Warnakula, Samantha; Bolton, Thomas; Paige, Ellie; Paul, Dirk S.; Sweeting, Michael; Burgess, Stephen; Bell, Steven; Astle, William; Stevens, David; Koulman, Albert; Selmer, Randi; Verschuren, W.M. Monique; Sato, Shinichi; Njølstad, Inger; Woodward, Mark; Salomaa, Veikko; Nordestgaard, Børge G.; Yeap, Bu B.; Fletcher, Astrid; Melander, Olle; Kuller, Lewis H.; Balkau, Beverley; Marmot, Michael; Koenig, Wolfgang; Casiglia, Edoardo; Cooper, Cyrus; Arndt, Volker; Franco, Oscar H.; Wennberg, Patrik; Gallacher, John; de la Cámara, Agustín Gómez; Völzke, Henry; Dahm, Christina C.; Dale, Caroline E.; Bergmann, Manuela M.; Crespo, Carlos J.; van der Schouw, Yvonne T.; Kaaks, Rudolf; Simons, Leon A.; Lagiou, Pagona; Schoufour, Josje D.; Boer, Jolanda M.A.; Key, Timothy J.; Rodriguez, Beatriz; Moreno-Iribas, Conchi; Davidson, Karina W.; Taylor, James O.; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Wallace, Robert B.; Quiros, J. Ramon; Tumino, Rosario; Blazer, Dan G.; Linneberg, Allan; Daimon, Makoto; Panico, Salvatore; Howard, Barbara; Skeie, Guri; Strandberg, Timo; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Nietert, Paul J.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Kromhout, Daan; Salamanca-Fernández, Elena; Kiechl, Stefan; Krumholz, Harlan M.; Grioni, Sara; Palli, Domenico; Huerta, Jose M.; Price, Jackie; Sundström, Johan; Arriola, Larraitz; Arima, Hisatomi; Travis, Ruth C.; Panagiotakos, Demosthenes B.; Karakatsani, Anna; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Kühn, Tilman; Grobbee, Diederick E.; Barrett-Connor, Elizabeth; van Schoor, Natasja; Boeing, Heiner; Overvad, Kim; Kauhanen, Jussi; Wareham, Nick; Langenberg, Claudia; Forouhi, Nita; Wennberg, Maria; Despres, Jean-Pierre; Cushman, Mary; Cooper, Jackie A.; Rodriguez, Carlos J.; Sakurai, Masaru; Shaw, Jonathan E.; Knuiman, Matthew; Voortman, Trudy; Meisinger, Christa; Tjønneland, Anne; Brenner, Hermann; Palmieri, Luigi; Dallongeville, Jean; Brunner, Eric J.; Assmann, Gerd; Trevisan, Maurizio; Gillum, Richard F.; Ford, Ian; Sattar, Naveed; Lazo, Mariana; Thompson, Simon G.; Ferrari, Pietro; Leon, David A.; Smith, George Davey; Peto, Richard; Jackson, Rod; Banks, Emily; Di Angelantonio, Emanuele; Danesh, John (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-12)
    <p><i>Background - </i>Low-risk limits recommended for alcohol consumption vary substantially across different national guidelines. To define thresholds associated with lowest risk for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease, we studied individual-participant data from 599 912 current drinkers without previous cardiovascular disease. <p><i>Methods - </i>We did a combined analysis of ...
  • Association of BMI with overall and cause-specific mortality: a population-based cohort study of 3·6 million adults in the UK 

    Bhaskaran, Krishnan; dos-Santos-Silva, Isabel; Leon, David A.; Douglas, Ian J.; Smeeth, Liam (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-30)
    <i>Background</i>: BMI is known to be strongly associated with all-cause mortality, but few studies have been large enough to reliably examine associations between BMI and a comprehensive range of cause-specific mortality outcomes.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: In this population-based cohort study, we used UK primary care data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) linked to national ...
  • Agreement between preload reserve measured by impedance cardiography and echocardiography during pregnancy 

    Liang, Huan; Vårtun, Åse; Acharya, Ganesh (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-05)
    <i>Purpose</i>: Accurate assessment of cardiac function is important during pregnancy. Echocardiography and impedance cardiography (ICG) are commonly used noninvasive methods to measure stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO). The diference in stroke volume (ΔSV) or cardiac output (ΔCO) measured at baseline and after passive leg raising (PLR) is a measure of preload reserve that predicts volume ...
  • Soluble erythropoietin receptor levels associate with inflammatory mediators but not with disease activity or cumulative organ damage in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus 

    Jones, Heather; Raymond, Warren David; Eilertsen, Gro Østli; Nossent, Johannes (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-14)
    The erythropoietin receptor (EpoR) stimulates erythrocyte proliferation after erythropoietin binding. EpoR belongs to the cytokine receptor superfamily and can be found on macrophages and endothelial cells. As there are no data on the role of EpoR systemic autoimmune diseases, we investigated the role of soluble EpoR (sEpoR) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In a cross-sectional ...
  • The treatment of PTSD in an older adult Norwegian woman using narrative exposure therapy: a case report 

    Mørkved, Nina; Thorp, Steven R. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-16)
    The bulk of the literature on effective treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has focused on children, adolescents, and young adults. The evidence on treatments for older adults is sparse. This case report presents the application of narrative exposure therapy (NET) for a 70-year-old Norwegian woman suffering from PTSD as a result of multiple childhood and late life traumatic events. ...
  • The prevalence and possible risk factors of asthma in a subarctic child population. A study of asthma and allergy among schoolchildren i Nordland county 

    Hansen, Tonje Elisabeth (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2019-05-07)
    Astmaepidemien de siste årtiene, har ført til at astma er blitt den vanligste kroniske sykdommen blant barn i den vestlige verden. Selv om studier fra ulike steder viser stor variasjon i forekomsten av astma, allergisk øye- og nesekatarr (rhinokonjunktivitt) og eksem, har man på tross av utstrakt forskning ikke funnet årsaken til sykdommene eller entydige forebyggende tiltak. Denne avhandlingen ...
  • Chinese herbal medicine Dengzhan Shengmai capsule as adjunctive treatment for ischemic stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials 

    Yang, Xiao-Ying; Wang, Li-Qiong; Li, Jin-Gen; Liang, Ning; Wang, Ying; Liu, Jian-Ping (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-09)
    <i>Objective</i>: The existing eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were critically appraised for the effectiveness and safety of Chinese herbal medicine Dengzhan Shenmai for ischemic stroke.<p> <p><i>Design</i>: Systematic review and meta-analysis (CRD42016042914, http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO). Methods: Six electronic databases were searched from inception to May 2016. Risk ratio ...
  • Lifestyle factors including diet and biochemical biomarkers in acute intermittent porphyria: Results from a case-control study in northern Norway 

    Storjord, Elin; Dahl, Jim André; Landsem, Anne; Ludviksen, Judith K; Karlsen, Marlene; Karlsen, Bård Ove; Brekke, Ole-Lars (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-10)
    <i>Background</i>: Lifestyle factors, including a low intake of carbohydrates, dieting, alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking and stress are some of the possible triggers of attacks in acute intermittent porphyria (AIP). The influence of lifestyle factors, including energy intake, diet and alcohol consumption on the biochemical disease activity in AIP and biochemical nutritional markers were ...
  • No overdiagnosis in the Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Program estimated by combining record linkage and questionnaire information in the Norwegian Women and Cancer study 

    Lund, Eiliv; Nakamura, Aurelie; Thalabard, Jean-Christophe (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-12)
    <i>Background</i>: The Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP) was implemented across the country in 2005 and has been criticised for potential ‘overdiagnosis’, i.e. a breast cancer diagnosis that otherwise would not have been detected or treated in a woman’s lifetime. We aimed to estimate overdiagnosis in the NBCSP based on the Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) study using both ...
  • Update on prevalence and mechanisms of resistance to linezolid, tigecycline and daptomycin in enterococci in Europe: towards a common nomenclature 

    Bender, Jennifer; Cattoir, Vincent; Hegstad, Kristin; Sadowy, Eva; Coque, Teresa M.; Westh, Henrik; Hammerum, Anette M.; Schaffer, Kirsten; Burns, Karen; Murchan, Stephen; Novais, Carla; Freitas, Ana R.; Peixe, Luísa; Del Grosso, Maria; Pantosti, Annalisa; Werner, Guido (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-02)
    Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are important nosocomial pathogens. Invasive VRE infections are difficult to treat since common therapeutic options including ampicillin and glycopeptides often fail. In vitro, most VRE remain susceptible to last-resort antibiotics such as linezolid, tigecycline and daptomycin. However, neither tigecycline nor linezolid act in a bactericidal manner, and ...

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