Recent additions

  • Vitamin D status in a multi-ethnic population of northern Norway: The SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey 

    Petrenya, Natalia; Lamberg-Allardt, Christel; Melhus, Marita; Broderstad, Ann Ragnhild; Brustad, Magritt (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-15)
    <i>Objective</i> - To investigate serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (S-25(OH)D) concentration in a multi-ethnic population of northern Norway and determine predictors of S-25(OH)D, including Sami ethnicity.<p> <p><i>Design</i> - Cross-sectional data from the second survey of the Population-based Study on Health and Living Conditions in Regions with Sami and Norwegian Populations (the SAMINOR 2 Clinical ...
  • No ethnic disparities in nutritional adequacy between the Indigenous Sami and the non-Sami population living in rural Northern Norway—the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey 

    Petrenya, Natalia; Skeie, Guri; Melhus, Marita; Brustad, Magritt (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-28)
    The diet of the Indigenous Sami people has become more Westernized. The lack of population-based data on nutrient intake and nutritional adequacy, in combination with a high prevalence of obesity/metabolic syndrome among Sami, was the rationale behind the present study. We hypothesized that differences in nutrient intake between Sami and non-Sami populations may still exist but that these differences ...
  • Urban–Rural Differences in Hip Fracture Mortality: A Nationwide NOREPOS Study 

    Solbakken, Siri Marie; Magnus, Jeanette H.; Meyer, Haakon E; Dahl, Cecilie; Stigum, Hein; Søgaard, Anne-Johanne; Holvik, Kristin; Tell, Grethe S.; Emaus, Nina; Forsmo, Siri; Gjesdal, Clara Gram; Schei, Berit; Vestergaard, Peter; Omsland, Tone Kristin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-09)
    Higher hip fracture incidence in urban than in rural areas has been demonstrated, but urban–rural differences in posthip fracture mortality have been less investigated, and the results are disparate. Hence, the aims of the present register‐based cohort study were to examine possible urban–rural differences in short‐ and long‐term mortality in Norwegian hip fracture patients and their potential ...
  • Telemedicine in Resource-Limited Settings to Optimize Care for Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis 

    Huang, G. Khai Lin; Pawape, Gibson; Taune, Magdalene; Hiasihri, Stenard; Ustero, Pilar; O'Brien, Daniel P.; du Cros, Philipp; Graham, Steve; Wootton, Richard; Majumdar, Suman S. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-13)
    The emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) poses a major threat to the global targets for TB control. In recent years, an evolving science and evidence base for MDR-TB has led to much needed changes in international guidelines promoting the use of newer TB drugs and regimens for MDR-TB, however, there remains a significant implementation gap. Due to the complexity of ...
  • Comparative Genomic Analysis of Staphylococcus haemolyticus Reveals Key to Hospital Adaptation and Pathogenicity 

    Pain, Maria; Hjerde, Erik; Klingenberg, Claus; Cavanagh, Jorunn Pauline (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-10)
    <i>Staphylococcus haemolyticus</i> is a skin commensal gaining increased attention as an emerging pathogen of nosocomial infections. However, knowledge about the transition from a commensal to an invasive lifestyle remains sparse and there is a paucity of studies comparing pathogenicity traits between commensal and clinical isolates. In this study, we used a pan-genomic approach to identify factors ...
  • Simultaneous Detection of Zinc and Its Pathway Metabolites Using MALDI MS Imaging of Prostate Tissue 

    Andersen, Maria Karoline; Krossa, Sebastian; Høiem, Therese Stork; Buchholz, Rebecca; Claes, Britt S.R.; Balluff, Benjamin; Ellis, Shane; Richardsen, Elin; Bertilsson, Helena; Heeren, Ron M.A.; Bathen, Tone Frost; Karst, Uwe; Giskeødegård, Guro F.; Tessem, May-Britt (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-16)
    Levels of zinc, along with its mechanistically related metabolites citrate and aspartate, are widely reported as reduced in prostate cancer compared to healthy tissue and are therefore pointed out as potential cancer biomarkers. Previously, it has only been possible to analyze zinc and metabolites by separate detection methods. Through matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry ...
  • Use of aspirin, other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and acetaminophen and risk of endometrial cancer: The Epidemiology of Endometrial Cancer Consortium 

    Webb, Penelope M.; Na, Renhua; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Adami, Hans Olov; Anderson, Katie E.; Bertrand, Kimberly A.; Botteri, Edoardo; Brasky, Theodore M.; Brinton, Louise Annette; Chen, Chu; Doherty, Jennifer Anne; Lu, Lingeng; Mccann, Susan E.; Moysich, Kirsten Barbara; Olson, Sara H.; Petruzella, Stacey; Palmer, Jaqy R.; Prizment, Anna E.; Schairer, Catherine; Setiawan, Veronica Wendy; Spurdle, Amanda B.; Trabert, Britton L.; Wentzensen, Nicolas A.; Wilkens, Lynne Ross; Yang, Hannah P.; Yu, Herbert; Risch, Harvey A.; Jordan, Susan J. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-06)
    <i>Background</i> - Regular use of aspirin has been associated with a reduced risk of cancer at several sites but the data for endometrial cancer are conflicting. Evidence regarding use of other analgesics is limited.<p><p> <i>Patients and methods</i> - We pooled individual-level data from seven cohort and five case–control studies participating in the Epidemiology of Endometrial Cancer ...
  • Electrosurgery and temperature increase in tissue with a passive metal implant 

    Martinsen, Tormod; Pettersen, Fred-Johan; Kalvøy, Håvard; Tronstad, Christian; Kvarstein, Gunnvald; Bakken, André; Høgetveit, Jan Olav; Martinsen, Ørjan Grøttem; Grimnes, Sverre; Frich, Lars Inge (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-12)
    <i>Importance</i>: During monopolar electrosurgery in patients, current paths can be influenced by metal implants, which can cause unintentional tissue heating in proximity to implants. Guidelines concerning electrosurgery and active implants such as pacemakers or implantable cardioverter defibrillators have been published, but most describe interference between electrosurgery and the active implant ...
  • A descriptive study of ten-year longitudinal changes in weight and waist circumference in the multi-ethnic rural Northern Norway. The SAMINOR Study, 2003-2014 

    Jacobsen, Bjarne K.; Melhus, Marita; Kvaløy, Kirsti; Siri, Susanna Ragnhild; Michalsen, Vilde Lehne; Broderstad, Ann Ragnhild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-19)
    The obesity epidemic is dynamic with varying secular trends and differences between countries and ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to describe the age- and sex-specific longitudinal changes in weight and waist circumference in a rural Norwegian population with a high proportion of the indigenous Sami population. Based on two population-based surveys, SAMINOR 1 (2003–2004) and SAMINOR ...
  • Prevalence and clinical associations of wheezes and crackles in the general population: The Tromsø study 

    Aviles Solis, Juan Carlos; Jacome, Cristina; Davidsen, Anne Herefoss; Einarsen, R; Vanbelle, Sophie; Pasterkamp, Hans; Melbye, Hasse (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-11)
    <i>Background</i> - Wheezes and crackles are well-known signs of lung diseases, but can also be heard in apparently healthy adults. However, their prevalence in a general population has been sparsely described. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of wheezes and crackles in a large general adult population and explore associations with self-reported disease, smoking status and ...
  • En oppfølgingsstudie av brystkreftopererte ved Nordlandssykehuset i Bodø, perioden 2005-2006 

    Skjellstad, Tonje Nicolaisen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-02-21)
    Oppgaven er en oppfølgingsstudie av brystkreftopererte, operert i perioden 2005-2006. Det var ønskelig å se på diagnostikk og behandling av primært operabel cancer mamma og ductalt carsinoma in situ var i tråd med de nasjonale retningslinjene. En har retrospektivt hentet ut journaldata fra pasientlister både fra år 2005 og 2006. Tillatelse er hentet fra personvernombudet.
  • Person-centred, integrated and pro-active care for multi-morbid elderly with advanced care needs: A propensity score-matched controlled trial 

    Berntsen, Gro Karine Rosvold; Dalbakk, Monika; Hurley, Joseph; Bergmo, Trine Strand; Solbakken, Beate; Spansvoll, Lisbeth; Bellika, Johan Gustav; Skrøvseth, Stein Olav; Brattland, Trond; Rumpsfeld, Markus (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-03)
    <i>Background</i> - Person-centred care (PCC) focusing on personalised goals and care plans derived from “What matters to you?” has an impact on single disease outcomes, but studies on multi-morbid elderly are lacking. Furthermore, the combination of PCC, Integrated Care (IC) and Pro-active care are widely recognised as desirable for multi-morbid elderly, yet previous studies focus on single components ...
  • The proposed Drug Resistance Index (DRI) is not a good measure of antibiotic effectiveness in relation to drug resistance 

    Vandenbroucke-Grauls, Christina MJE; Kahlmeter, Gunnar; Kluytmans, Jan; Kluytmans-Van Den Bergh, Marjolein; Monnet, Dominique L; Simonsen, Gunnar Skov; Skov, Robert L; Wolff Sonksen, Ute; Voss, Andreas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-21)
    Summary box<p> <ul> <li>The Drug Resistance Index (DRI) is proposed as measure of antibiotic effectiveness in a given country, by combining, in a single metric the use of various antibiotic groups and the resistance proportions of several pathogens.</li> <li>The DRI is a complicated measure that gives results that cannot be understood by common knowledge and logic.</li> <li>The DRI conveys ...
  • Respirasjonsproblemer i de første tre leveår hos barn med fødselsvekt ≤ 2000 gram. En retrospektiv studie av barn innlagt nyfødt intensiv ved UNN Tromsø i perioden 01.01.04 til 31.12.13. 

    Westlie, Ronja Langen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-02-21)
    Bakgrunn: Premature barn fødes før lungeutviklingen er fullstendig og har ofte behov for respirasjonsstøtte i nyfødtperioden. Dette gir økt risiko for senere respirasjonsproblemer, herunder luftveisinfeksjoner og økt risiko for bronkial hyperreaktivitet som disponerer for astma. Metode: Retrospektiv studie av 540 journaler på barn med fødselsvekt ≤ 2000 gram og innlagt nyfødt intensiv ved ...
  • Rural general practice patients’ coping with hazards and harm: an interview study 

    Harbitz, Martin Bruusgaard; Brandstorp, Helen; Gaski, Margrete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-18)
    <i>Objective</i> - The aim of this study is to identify and analyse rural general practice patients’ experiences of hazards and harm that comprise adverse events, and their strategies for coping with them.<p> <p><i>Design</i> - Interview study using systematic text condensation and coping strategy theory in an abductive analysis process.<p> <p><i>Setting</i> - Nine rural general practice clinics ...
  • En empirisk tilnærming for vurdering av bevissthetsnivå basert på teoretiske betraktninger 

    Bremnes, Thomas René (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-02-21)
    I klinisk praksis det en stor utfordring at man mangler metoder for å vurdere bevissthetsnivå på en objektiv måte. I dag baseres den kliniske vurderingen av bevissthetsnivå på pasientens evne til, på en eller annen måte, å demonstrere sin egen subjektive opplevelse. Dette kan være villedende ettersom erfaring viser oss at ikke-responderende pasienter ikke er ensbetydende med ubevisste pasienter. ...
  • Adherence to the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research cancer prevention recommendations and risk of in situ breast cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort 

    Karavasiloglou, Nena; Hüsing, Anika; Masala, Giovanna; van Gils, Carla H.; Fortner, Renée Turzanski; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Huybrechts, Inge; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Gunter, Marc; Arveux, Patrick; Fournier, Agnès; Kvaskoff, Marina; Tjønneland, Anne; Kyrø, Cecilie; Dahm, Christina C.; Vistisen, Helene Tilma; Bakker, Marije F.; Sánchez, María-José; Chirlaque López, María Dolores; Santiuste, Carmen; Ardanaz, Eva; Menéndez, Virginia; Agudo, Antonio; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Karakatsani, Anna; La Vecchia, Carlo; Peppa, Eleni; Palli, Domenico; Agnoli, Claudia; Panico, Salvatore; Tumino, Rosario; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Butt, Salma Tunå; Borgquist, Signe; Skeie, Guri; Schulze, Matthias; Key, Timothy; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Tsilidis, Konstantinos K.; Ellingjord-Dale, Merete; Riboli, Elio; Kaaks, Rudolf; Dossus, Laure; Rohrmann, Sabine; Kühn, Tilman (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-02)
    <i>Background</i> - Even though in situ breast cancer (BCIS) accounts for a large proportion of the breast cancers diagnosed, few studies have investigated potential risk factors for BCIS. Their results suggest that some established risk factors for invasive breast cancer have a similar impact on BCIS risk, but large population-based studies on lifestyle factors and BCIS risk are lacking. Thus, ...
  • MS-registeret: tid fra første symptom til diagnose, fra diagnose til behandling og medikamentvalg i Troms og Finnmark 

    Smedås, Lise Mari (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-02-21)
    Bakgrunn: Tid fra diagnose til behandlingsstart og behandlingsfrekvens er viktige kvalitetsmål for behandlingen ved multippel sklerose. Nasjonale faglige retningslinjer og årlige LIS-anbefalinger (Legemiddelinnkjøpssamarbeid) er gjeldende for valg av medikament ved oppstart av behandling. Nevrologisk avdeling ved UNN Tromsø bruker MS-registeret for å kvalitetssikre behandlingen av personer med ...
  • Sammenligning av auskulterte lungelyder fra samme lokalisasjon på thoraks hos voksne 40+ ved henholdsvis spontan og standardisert respirasjon. 

    Uhre, Åshild Myrnes (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-02-21)
    Bakgrunn: Bruksområdet lungeauskultasjon har historisk vært en viktig del av klassisk klinisk undersøkelse og utføres daglig i primær- og sekundærhelsetjenesten. Et forskningsprosjekt ved allmennmedisinsk forskningsgruppe ønsker å undersøke den diagnostiske verdien av unormale lungelyder funnet ved screening for tilstedeværelse av lunge- og hjertesykdom. I den sammenhengen er det ønskelig å vurdere ...
  • Quality control of cervical cytology using a 3-type HPV mRNA test increases screening program sensitivity of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2+ in young Norwegian women-A cohort study 

    Westre, Bjørn; Giske, Anita; Guttormsen, Hilde; Sørbye, Sveinung; Skjeldestad, Finn Egil (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-05)
    Within 2021, Norway intends to complete implementation of HPV DNA-based primary screening for cervical cancer for women 34–69 years, while continue cytology-based screening for women 25–33 years. Over the recent years, the incidence of cervical cancer has increased by 30% among women younger than 40 years. In this subset of women, nearly 30% were diagnosed with a normal smear, as most recent smear, ...

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