Recent additions

  • Association between physical activity and risk of hepatobiliary cancers: A multinational cohort study 

    Baumeister, Sebastian E.; Schlesinger, Sabrina; Aleksandrova, Krasimira; Jochem, Carmen; Jenab, Mazda; Gunter, Marc J.; Overvad, Kim; Tjønneland, Anne; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Carbonnel, Franck; Fournier, Agnès; Kühn, Tilman; Kaaks, Rudolf; Pischon, Tobias; Boeing, Heiner; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Bamia, Christina; La Vecchia, Carlo; Masala, Giovanna; Panico, Salvatore; Fasanelli, Francesca; Tumino, Rosario; Grioni, Sara; Bueno-de-Mesquita, Hendrik Bastiaan; Vermeulen, Roel; May, Anne M.; Borch, Kristin Benjaminsen; Oyeyemi, Sunday Oluwafemi; Ardanaz, Eva; Rodríguez-Barranco, Miguel; Chirlaque López, María Dolores; Felez-Nobrega, Mireia; Sonestedt, Emily; Ohlsson, Bodil; Hemmingsson, Oskar; Werner, Mårten; Perez-Cornago, Aurora; Ferrari, Pietro; Stepien, Magdalena; Freisling, Heinz; Tsilidis, Konstantinos K.; Ward, Heather; Riboli, Elio; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Leitzmann, Michael F. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-22)
    <i>Background & Aims</i> - To date, evidence on the association between physical activity and risk of hepatobiliary cancers has been inconclusive. We examined this association in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort (EPIC).<p><p> <i>Methods</i> - We identified 275 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cases, 93 intrahepatic bile duct cancers (IHBCs), and 164 non-gallbladder ...
  • The use of spectrograms improves the classification of wheezes and crackles in an educational setting 

    Aviles Solis, Juan Carlos; Storvoll, Ingrid; Vanbelle, Sophie; Melbye, Hasse (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-21)
    Chest auscultation is a widely used method in the diagnosis of lung diseases. However, the interpretation of lung sounds is a subjective task and disagreements arise. New technological developments like the use of visSual representation of sounds through spectrograms could improve the agreement when classifying lung sounds, but this is not yet known. In this study, we tested if the use of spectrograms ...
  • Carotiskirurgi ved Universitetssykehuset Nord-Norge Tromsø, 2009-2014 

    Wegger, Helene Mathilde (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-28)
    Carotis endarterektomi (CEA) er en kirurgisk metode som utføres for å forebygge nye emboliske hendelser (TIA, slag, amaurosis fugax) fra stenose i arteria carotis interna. De viktigste indikasjonene for operasjon er hjerneslag, TIA eller amaurosis fugax, og en høygradig stenose (70-99%). Operasjonen bør utføres innen 2 uker etter den emboliske hendelsen for at pasienten skal ha mest nytte av den. ...
  • Maternal serum laeverin (aminopeptidase Q) measured in the first trimester of pregnancy does not predict preeclampsia 

    Pihl, Kasper; Sørensen, Steen; Nystad, Mona; Acharya, Ganesh; Jørgensen, Finn S. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-22)
    <i>Objective</i>: The aim of this study was to compare the laeverin level in maternal serum from first trimester (11–14 weeks) of pregnancy between normal pregnancies and pregnancies that later developed preeclampsia (PE).<p><p> <i>Material and methods</i>: This was a case-cohort study. The laeverin concentration was measured in cases with preterm PE (<i>n</i> = 55), term PE (<i>n</i> = 95), and ...
  • Student procrastination: Measurement, reduction and environmental factors 

    Nordby, Kent (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2020-06-17)
    The procrastination problem affects half or more of all students, negatively affecting health, well-being, and performance. The present thesis focuses on three facets of this problem. In three papers, we examine important research questions: First, an important issue in procrastination research is the need for validation of translated instruments. In our first study, we examine two procrastination ...
  • Characterization of inhibition by vardenafil analogues of ATP-dependent transport of cGMP by the ABCC5 transporter. 

    Kuresh, Farzane (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-27)
    Background: Clinical studies have reported overexpression of PDE5 and elevation of intracellular cyclic GMP in various types of cancer cells. ABCC5 transports intracellular cGMP out of the cells with high affinity, while PDE5 inhibitors prevent high affinity cGMP efflux by inhibiting ABCC5. Increasing intracellular cGMP levels through inhibition of PDE5 and PDE5 export activity is hypothesized ...
  • I hvor stor grad greier 6. årsstudenter å forutsi hva de skal jobbe som, og hvorfor? 

    Westlie, Åsa Langen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-27)
    Bakgrunn: Universitetet i Tromsø (UiT), verdens nordligste universitet, ble grunnlagt i 1973 for å sikre rekruttering av leger og stabilitet i det nordnorske helsedistriktet. Utallige internasjonale studier kartlegger hva medisinstudenter har lyst til å bli, men følgestudier er fåtallige – det samme gjelder studier på nordiske og særlig nordnorske populasjoner. Denne oppgaven søker svar på ...
  • Competent help during acute psychosis. A qualitative interview study with patients admitted to acute psychiatric wards 

    Sebergsen, Karina (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2020-06-10)
    Akutt psykose er en alvorlig tilstand. Mennesker med akutt psykose blir vanligvis innlagt på akuttpsykiatriske sengeposter for behandling og nødvendig pleie og omsorg. Formålet med denne avhandlingen er å utforske og å beskrive hva kyndig hjelp gjennom akutt psykose kan være for pasienter innlagt i akutt psykiatriske sengeposter. Avhandlingens teoretiske referanseramme er sykepleietenkning i en ...
  • Is smoking associated with patient reported surgical-site infection after fusion surgery in the lumbar spine? 

    Isaksen, Victoria (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-26)
    Introduction: Surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the most common complications in patients undergoing spine surgery. Associations between smoking and SSI have been found in previous studies, but with ambiguous results. This study was designed to compare the postoperative rate of SSI among smokers and non-smokers after fusion surgery in the lumbar spine and evaluate risk factors for SSI. Methods ...
  • Molecular modelling of the androgen metabolising enzyme UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B17 

    Trane, Ingmar (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-25)
    The enzyme UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B17 (UGT2B17) has a major role in androgen metabolism, being involved in the conjugation of both testosterone and its potent metabolite dihydrotestosterone. The enzyme catalyses the transfer of glucuronic acid from UDP-glucuronic acid to the lipophilic androgen substrate. As a consequence, the water solubility of the substrate is increased, and it is more ...
  • Predictors of exclusive breastfeeding at discharge, the Georgian Birth Registry 

    Sigstad, Marie (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-21)
    Breastfeeding is associated with many short and long-term advantages for both mother and child, such as protection against gastrointestinal and respiratory infections in children and breast cancer in women. Rates of exclusive breastfeeding are low in low and middle-income countries. Several determinants of breastfeeding have previously been identified in the literature, for example mother’s age and ...
  • Home as place for giving birth - a circumpolar study of the experience of mothers an midwifes 

    Clancy, Anne; Gjærum, Rikke Gürgens (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-25)
    This article explores what home birth mothers and midwives say about the birth experience and the interaction between mother, partner and midwife. It is based on an explorative empirical study of the narratives of seven home birth mothers and the experiences of five midwives. The authors examine how these subjective experiences can help us to understand the phenomenon of home birth. The article is ...
  • Self-reported health as a predictor of mortality: A cohort study of its relation to other health measurements and observation time 

    Lorem, Geir; Cook, Sarah Anne; Leon, David A.; Emaus, Nina; Schirmer, Henrik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-17)
    Self-reported health (SRH) is widely used as an epidemiological instrument given the changes in public health since its introduction in the 1980s. We examined the association between SRH and mortality and how this is affected by time and health measurements in a prospective cohort study using repeated measurements and physical examinations of 11652 men and 12684 women in Tromsø, Norway. We used Cox ...
  • Morphological Variations of the Mandibular Premolars. Tooth Morphology and Identification - A Macro Analysis 

    Olsen, Susanne; Aune, Martine Lilleeng (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-20)
    Background: In the context of teaching tooth morphology to dentist students, which is based on the anatomical and morphological hallmarks described in the literature, some of the teeth in the permanent dentition have shown to be harder to characterize than others. The aim of this project was to specifically focus on the premolars of the lower jaw. By studying a collection of extracted teeth and ...
  • Antibiotic Prescription among Norwegian Dentists (2010-2016) 

    Røberg, Eveline; Evensen, Tiril Colberg (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-20)
    Norwegian health authorities have a goal to reduce the total antibiotic use by 30% by 2020. Studies have shown that dentists contribute to about 8% of the total antibiotic consumption in Norway, which emphasizes the role of dentists to achieve a reduction in the use of antibiotics in the society. The antibiotic prescription pattern among Norwegian dentists from 2010 until 2016 have been mapped and ...
  • Associations between learning environment factors and student satisfaction among occupational therapy students 

    Thygesen, Hilde; Gramstad, Astrid; Åsli, Lene Angel; Stigen, Linda; Magne, Trine A; Carstensen, Tove; Bonsaksen, Tore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-20)
    <i>Purpose</i> - Student satisfaction is an important indicator of educational quality in higher education institutions. Learning environment factors are assumed to play a role in determining student satisfaction. The purpose of this study is to examine the intrinsic relationships between five learning environment scales embedded within one measure; and examine the associations between each of these ...
  • Serum levels of inflammation-related markers and metabolites predict response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy with and without bevacizumab in breast cancers 

    Nome, Marianne Eikhom; Euceda, Leslie R.; Jabeen, Shakila; Debik, Julia; Bathen, Tone Frost; Giskeødegård, Guro F.; Tasken, Kristin Austlid; Mælandsmo, Gunhild Mari; Halvorsen, Bente; Yndestad, Arne; Borgen, Elin; Garred, Øystein; Aukrust, Pål; Ueland, Thor; Engebraaten, Olav; Kristensen, Vessela N.; Tekpli, Xavier (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-24)
    Angiogenesis is necessary for tumor growth and has been targeted in breast cancer; however, it is unclear which patients will respond and benefit from antiangiogenic therapy. We report noninvasive monitoring of patient response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy given alone or in combination with anti‐vascular endothelial growth factor (bevacizumab) in a randomized clinical trial. At four time points during ...
  • Development of orodispersible films: A new age-appropriate dosage form for children 

    Betoko, Evrard Louis Alain Brice (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-18)
    In the recent years, governmental institutions have given incentives to the pharmaceutical industry in order to develop age-appropriate dosage forms for pediatric use. This has resulted in an interest in design of new and improved dosage form for pediatric patients. One of the many recent approaches is to take advantages of ODFs. Taste masking is a crucial step in the design of not only ODFs but all ...
  • The effects of and experiences from participation in GroupCoreDIST- a new, individualized, group-based, physiotherapy intervention for ambulant individuals with multiple sclerosis. A mixed methods study including a randomized controlled trial and a qualitative interview study 

    Arntzen, Ellen Christin (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2020-05-27)
    <p><i>Introduction: </i>Balance and walking deviations are common in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). Individualized physiotherapy is common, however, participation in individualized group physiotherapy is questioned, and needs to be explored in terms of balance and walking-status, effects and user-experiences. <p><i>Methods: </i>This parallel QUAN+QUAL mixed method study included a ...
  • Large scale cultivation of microalgae at Finnfjord AS: The effect of addition of CO2 and flue gas on lipid production and fatty acid composition 

    Ramskjell, Marte (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-15)
    Background: This master’s thesis was a part of a project involving mass cultivation of microalgae at the smelting plant Finnfjord AS. Microalgae are primary producers of the important omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids EPA and DHA. At Finnfjord, the algae use CO2 from the flue gas for their production of lipid and protein rich biomass. The algal biomass can potentially function well as ...

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