Nye registreringer

  • Lindring av smerter hos kreftpasienter 

    Kongsgaard, Ulf; Kaasa, Stein; Dale, Ola; Ottesen, Stig; Nordøy, Tone; Hessling, Sten Erik; von Hofacker, Sebastian; Bruland, Øyvind; Lyngstadaas, Anita (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2005)
    Denne rapporten er en bestilling fra tidligere Sosial-og helsedepartementet om å vurdere kunnskapsgrunnlaget om effekt av palliativ smertebehandling ved kreft, dvs. Effekt av ulike behandlingsmetoder for å lindre smerter hos pasienter med uhelbredelig (ikke-kurabel) kreftsykdom.
  • Tiltak for å fremme valgdeltakelse blant innvandrere 

    Nøkleby, Heid; Nguyen, Lien; Meneses, Jose; Berg, Rigmor (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2015)
    <i>English summary</i>: The Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services was commissioned by the Directorate of Integration and Diversity to conduct a systematic literature search with a subsequent categorization of relevant research. The commission was to identify research published 2000-2015 on effects of different types of interventions on an individual level to mobilize for voting.
  • Immediate response in markers of inflammation and angiogenesis during exercise: a randomised cross-over study in heart transplant recipients 

    Yardley, Marianne; Ueland, Thor; Aukrust, Pål; Michelsen, Annika; Bjørkelund, Elisabeth; Gullestad, Lars; Nytrøen, Kari (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-28)
    <p><i>Background</i>: The present study explored and compared the immediate responses in markers of inflammation and angiogenesis in maintenance heart transplant (HTx) recipients before, during and after sessions of high-intensity interval training (HIT) versus moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT). The study aimed to explain some of the trigger mechanisms behind HIT in HTx recipients.</p> ...
  • Effekt av fysioterapi ved kneleddsartrose, begrenset til elektroterapi og øvelsesbehandling 

    Bjordal, Jan Magnus; Johansen, Oddmund; Holm, Inger; Zapffe, Knut; Nilsen, Ellen M; Kristiansen, Ivar Sønbø; Linnestad, Kristin Kamilla; Hofmann, Bjørn (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2004)
    De viktigste symptomene ved kneleddsartrose er leddsmerter, nedsatt bevegelighet og muskelstyrke som etter hvert gir nedsatt funksjon og evne til å utføre dagliglivets aktiviteter. Mange av personene som rammes av kneleddsartrose er også overvektige som igjen kan føre til andre helseplager som kardiovaskulære lidelser og høyt blodtrykk. Fysioterapi, i form av øvelsesbehandling og elektroterapi, ...
  • Effekter av oppgavedeling for noen utvalgte helsetjenester i sykehus 

    Forsetlund, Signe Louise; Vist, Gunn Elisabeth; Dalsbø, Therese Kristine; Straumann, Gyri Synnøve Hval; Underland, Vigdis; Norderhaug, Inger Natvig; Holte, Hilde H. (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2013)
    <p>Formålet med denne systematiske oversikten var å oppsummere effekter av oppgavedeling blant ansatte i sykehus for seks utvalgte områder og vurdere kvaliteten av dokumentasjonen for resultatene. Vi fant store kunnskapshull for denne problemstillingen – for fire av de seks områdene fant vi ingen dokumentasjon som oppfylte våre kriterier for inklusjon. For de to resterende områdene finner vi grunnlag ...
  • Exploring Personality and Readiness to Change in Patients With Substance Use Disorders With and Without ADHD 

    Flores, Lizbett; Ytterstad, Elinor; Lensing, Michael B.; Eisemann, Martin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
    <p><i>Objective</i>: To explore personality and readiness to change among substance use disorders (SUD) patients with and without ADHD.</p> <p><i>Method</i>: SUD + ADHD versus SUD − ADHD patients consecutively entering treatment between 2010 and 2012 were compared concerning personality (Temperament and Character Inventory) and readiness to change (Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness ...
  • Team talk and team decision processes: a qualitative discourse analytical approach to 10 real-life medical emergency team encounters 

    Gundrosen, Stine; Thomassen, Gøril; Wisborg, Torben; Aadahl, Petter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-03)
    <p><i>Objectives</i>: Explore the function of three specific modes of talk (discourse types) in decision-making processes.</p> <p><i>Design</i>: Ten real-life admissions of patients with critical illness were audio/video recorded and transcribed. Activity-type analysis (a qualitative discourse analytical method) was applied.</p> <p><i>Setting</i>: Interdisciplinary emergency teams admitting ...
  • Autolog hematopoietisk stamcelletransplantasjon (AHSCT) ved diffus systemisk sklerose 

    Giske, Liv; Stoinska-Schneider, Anna; Lund Håheim, Lise; Juvet, Lene Kristine; Gunnarsson, Ragnar; Gedde-Dahl, Thobias; Hafstad, Elisabet Vivianne; Fure, Brynjar (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2018-08-14)
    <p><b>Innledning</b>: Systemisk sklerose, også kalt sklerodermi, hører inn under gruppen revmatiske sykdommer, og er en sjelden autoimmun systemisk bindevevssykdom. Ved systemisk sklerose angripes bindevev i hud, blodårer og indre organer med progressiv fibrosedannelse. Autolog hematopoietisk stamcelletransplantasjon (AHSCT) har blitt foreslått for en liten gruppe pasienter med diffus systemisk ...
  • Lumbar total disc replacement: predictors for long-term outcome 

    Furunes, Håvard; Hellum, Christian; Brox, Jens Ivar; Rossvoll, Ivar; Espeland, Ansgar; Berg, Linda; Brøgger, Helga Maria; Småstuen, Milada C; Storheim, Kjersti (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-04)
    Purpose: We aimed to identify patient characteristics associated with favourable long-term outcomes after lumbar total disc replacement (TDR). <br>Methods: We analysed a cohort of 82 patients with degenerative disc and chronic low back pain (LBP) who were treatedwith TDR and originally participated in a randomised trial comparing TDR and multidisciplinary rehabilitation. Potential predictors were ...
  • Voldsom sløsing med offentlige penger i vitenskapelig publisering 

    Smedsrød, Bård; Longva, Leif; Frantsvåg, Jan Erik (Chronicle; Kronikk, 2018-02-27)
    <i>Ingress</i>: Offentlig finansierte forskere skriver og kvalitetssikrer vitenskapelige artikler. Så tar et tidsskrift over alle økonomiske rettigheter. I neste omgang må forskerne kjøpe tilbake adgangen til de samme artiklene.
  • The Pedicled LICAP Flap Combined with a Free Abdominal Flap In Autologous Breast Reconstructions 

    Sjøberg, Thomas K.; Weerd, Louis de (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-01)
    Background: <br>Previous surgery or slim body configuration can limit the size of the available abdominal flap in autologous breast reconstruction. However, redundant skin and subcutaneous tissue lateral to the mastectomy site can be utilized as the pedicled lateral intercostal artery perforator (LICAP) flap. This study evaluates the combination of a free abdominal flap and a pedicled LICAP ...
  • Fish consumption, fish oil supplements and risk of atherosclerosis in the Tromsø study 

    Johnsen, Stein Harald; Jacobsen, Bjarne K.; Brækkan, Sigrid Kufaas; Hansen, John-Bjarne; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-25)
    Background: <br>Whether long-chain n–3 PUFAs of marine origin have an anti-atherogenic effect in the general population has hardly been studied. In this population-based study, we hypothesized that fatty fish and fish oil intake protect against development of novel atherosclerotic plaques and is associated with reduced plaque size.<br> Methods: <br>We obtained questionnaire-based information ...
  • The Influence of Military Identity on Work Engagement and Burnout in the Norwegian Army Rapid Reaction Force 

    Johansen, Rino Bandlitz; Martinussen, Monica; Kvilvang, Nils (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015)
    The present study examined the influence of military identity on work engagement and burnout among members in the Norwegian Army Rapid Reaction Forces (RRF). Hierarchical regression analyses found work engagement to be predicted by military identity (positively so by professionalism, and negatively by individualism), with individualism also predicting burnout. This is the first study to examine the ...
  • Pro-gastrin-releasing peptide and outcome in patients with heart failure and anaemia: results from the RED-HF study 

    Ueland, Thor; Gullestad, Lars; Kou, Lei; Aukrust, Pål; Anand, Inder S.; Nordlund, Marianne Sparby; McMurray, John J.; van Veldhuisen, Dirk J.; Warren, David; Bolstad, Nils (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-25)
    <p><i>Aims</i>: Neuroendocrine activation is associated with poor outcome in heart failure (HF). The neuropeptide gastrin‐releasing peptide (GRP), derived from the precursor proGRP1‐125 (proGRP), has recently been implicated in inflammation and wound repair. We investigated the predictive value of proGRP on clinical outcomes in HF patients with reduced ejection fraction.</p> <p><i>Methods and ...
  • Biology of mesenchymal stromal cells: Chondrogenesis, paracrine signalling and cartilage repair 

    Islam, Md Ashraful (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2018-10-12)
    The management of articular cartilage lesions is one of the weighty challenges for orthopaedic surgeons. The use of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) has demonstrated as an alternative cell source for cartilage repair due to their multilineage differentiation potential and hypoimmunogenic properties. Despite the advances in cartilage repair techniques, there is no consensus relating to the most ...
  • Sex Differences in the Impact of Body Mass Index on the Risk of Future Atrial Fibrillation: Insights From the Longitudinal Population-Based Tromsø Study 

    Ball, Jocasta; Løchen, Maja-Lisa; Wilsgaard, Tom; Schirmer, Henrik; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Morseth, Bente; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Njølstad, Inger; Tiwari, Sweta; Sharashova, Ekaterina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-19)
    <p><i>Background</i>: Atrial fibrillation (AF) prevalence is increasing, and body mass index (BMI) is a risk factor for AF. However, sex differences in the impact of BMI on AF risk have not been fully elucidated.</p> <p><i>Methods and Results</i>: Data from the fourth survey (1994–1995) of the Tromsø Study (Norway) were used to investigate the association of single‐measurement BMI on future AF ...
  • Et spørsmål om kompetanse. En diskursanalyse av avisartikler om kompetanse i barnevernet. 

    Meyer, Kristina Jæger (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-11-07)
    Artikkelen omhandler hvordan barnevernets kompetanse er omtalt i media. Artikkelen bygger på en diskursanalyse av avisartikler fra nordnorske aviser. Avisartiklene ble analysert med utgangspunkt i Laclau og Mouffes begrepsapparat. Nøkkelord: barnevern, media, kompetanse, diskursanalyse
  • Coffee and cancer 

    Lukic, Marko (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2018-10-12)
    <p>You cannot imagine powering through the day without your favorite beverage being on your desk all the time. Have you ever wondered what the consequences might be? </p> <p>It seems that even before you have opened your eyes, there’s already a kettle on the stove or the coffee machine is purring. On the way to work, you have another cup to go from the nearby coffee chop. Long meetings demand ...
  • Norwegian General Practitioners Contribution and Participation in Emergency Medicine 

    Hjortdahl, Magnus (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2018-10-31)
    Summary: The utility of using general practitioners (GPs) in pre-hospital emergency medicine is currently under debate. The aim of this thesis is to examine Norwegian GPs’ contribution and participation in emergency medicine. As there is limited knowledge in this field, we started by conducting focus group interviews with the stakeholders. During the fall 2012 we interviewed emergency technicians ...
  • How to Be a Bad Bug: Virulence Determinants of Enterococcus faecium 

    Wagner, Theresa (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2018-10-18)
    Enterococcus faecium is a ubiquitous bacterium that only recently emerged as a nosocomial pathogen. Infections mostly affect immunocompromised patients and multi-resistance of E. faecium often hampers treatment. This thesis focuses on determinants, which give pathogenic potential to E. faecium. In the first paper, two TirE proteins are described as novel virulence factors of E. faecium. The tirE ...

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