Recent additions

  • Circulating insulin-like growth factor I in relation to melanoma risk in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition 

    Bradbury, Kathryn E.; Appleby, Paul N.; Tipper, Sarah J.; Travis, Ruth C.; Allen, Naomi E.; Kvaskoff, Marina; Overvad, Kim; Tjønneland, Anne; Halkjær, Jytte; Cervenka, Iris; Mahamat-Saleh, Yahya; Bonnet, Fabrice; Kaaks, Rudolf; Fortner, Renée T.; Boeing, Heiner; Trichopoulou, Antonia; La Vecchia, Carlo; Stratigos, Alexander J.; Palli, Domenico; Grioni, Sara; Matullo, Giuseppe; Panico, Salvatore; Tumino, Rosario; Peeters, Petra H.; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas; Ghiasvand, Reza; Veierød, Marit B.; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Bonet, Catalina; Molina, Elena; Huerta, José M.; Larrañaga, Nerea; Barricarte, Aurelio; Merino, Susana; Isaksson, Karolin; Stocks, Tanja; Ljuslinder, Ingrid; Hemmingsson, Oskar; Wareham, Nick; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Gunter, Marc J.; Rinaldi, Sabina; Tsilidis, Konstantinos K.; Aune, Dagfinn; Riboli, Elio; Key, Timothy J. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-07)
    Insulin‐like growth factor‐I (IGF‐I) regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis, and is thought to play a role in tumour development. Previous prospective studies have shown that higher circulating concentrations of IGF‐I are associated with a higher risk of cancers at specific sites, including breast and prostate. No prospective study has examined the association between circulating IGF‐I concentrations ...
  • Comparison of undergraduate dental education in Aarhus, Brescia and Tromsø 

    Gangstøe, Anette Rognmo; Danielsen, Gøril Berg (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-20)
    The aim of this work was to compare undergraduate dental educations at Aarhus University in Denmark, at the University of Brescia in Italy and at the University of Tromsø – The Arctic University of Norway and see if the students have different preconditions at graduation. Information about the curriculum and study subjects and oral health provision systems was collected from reports and articles. ...
  • Fluoride on the Internet: Content analysis of web-pages from the Google search engine. 

    Sriskandarajan, Nivetha; Andersen, Kent (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-20)
    Objectives/background: This study aimed at providing more knowledge about what kind of information is available to people when looking for information about fluoride on the Internet. Methods: The search engine Google was used to search for web-pages written in the period 1997-2016, with the keyword "fluoride teeth". Top 10 web-pages that were written in each of the specified years were analyzed ...
  • Pålitelighet til informasjon om syreskader på norske nettsider. En kvantitativ dokumentanalyse 

    Vang, Vilde Nordhagen; Hansen, Mia Niskanen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-20)
    Formål: Formålet med studien var å undersøke og sammenligne påliteligheten til ulike kategorier av norske nettsider med informasjon om syreskader på tenner. Metode: Vi brukte søkeordet” syreskader” på søkemotoren Google.no, og 81 nettsider med informasjon om syreskader på tenner ble inkludert i studien. Nettsidene ble delt inn i fem kategorier: Profesjonelle/Helseportal, Reklame, Tannklinikk, Media ...
  • The sheep head model for educational purposes in periodontal and oral surgery for dental undergraduates. Systematic review and laboratory investigation 

    Pedersen, Lisbeth Christina; Richardsen, Stina Marie (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-20)
    Animal teaching models for a variety of surgical procedures in dentistry have been developed more than 50 years ago. In this study a systematic review was conducted to identify animal cadaver models and teaching outcome in regards to teaching dental undergraduates periodontal and oral surgery. The systematic review created a basis, and an examination of the sheep maxilla for its suitability as a ...
  • Tn916/Tn1545 family in oral streptococci, a literature review from 1992 til 2017 

    Gravdal, Ingrid (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-20)
    In the current study an account of all published articles in the last 25 years about Tn916/Tn1545 like elements with clinically relevant antibiotic resistance in oral streptococci, was reviewed. The following search words were used: Tn916 and resistance and oral streptococci and mobile genetic elements. Results: A total of eleven articles were retrieved. Three of them were excluded because they ...
  • Porosities in dental restorative materials indicated for class-V cavities – a micro-computed tomography based analysis. 

    Vakulenko, Ivan (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-20)
    Abstract Background: Class-V fillings are thought as a demanding type of dental restorations having a sufficient risk of falling out and discoloration during follow-up. Porosity, among other factors, is described in the literature as an undesirable property of dental materials contributing to the development of secondary caries and reduction of the filling strength. Objectivities: To evaluate a ...
  • Knowledge and practices of antibiotic prescription in Arkhangelsk, Russia. A cross-sectional survey among dentists and dental students 

    Eriksen, Marcus Dyvik (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-20)
    Aim: Considering the possible risk of continuing the negative trend of the development of resistant bacteria, and the association of high resistance to high use of antibiotics, therefore it is important to map the general knowledge among all healthcare professionals, including dentists, about antibiotic use practices. The aim of the study was, therefore, to reveal the knowledge among dentists, ...
  • Risk factors for oral cancer 

    Hætta, Maret Ristiinna (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-19)
    Based on a case presentation of a previous diagnosed tongue cancer patient with familial accumulation, possible risk factors for oral cancer will be examined with a special emphasis on genetic factors. Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate if the patient’s lifestyle or environment affected the risk for being diagnosed with cancer. I wanted to examine if there is a known familial predisposition ...
  • Antibiotics and probiotics to neonates-Adverse effects, impact on gut microbiota and antibiotic resistome, and Bifidobacterium pathogenicity 

    Esaiassen, Eirin (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2018-02-16)
    The main objective of this thesis was to systematically review potential side effects of antibiotic therapy in neonates and to study the gut microbiota composition of preterm infants receiving probiotic prophylaxis. This thesis includes two systemic reviews, a prospective longitudinal multi-centre trial investigating the gut microbiota in preterm infants receiving probiotics compared to preterm ...
  • Tannhelsepersonells erfaringer vedrørende barn med mye karies og foreldrenes tannhelsekunnskap 

    Noori, Husna; Faizi, Heela (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-19)
    I Norge har 20 % av barn 80 % av de registrerte kariesangrepene. Forskning viser at foreldres kunnskap, atferd og evne til å forstå helseinformasjon påvirker barnets tannhelse. Vi ville undersøke hvilke erfaringer tannleger/tannpleiere har vedrørende disse barna og deres foreldre. Tanker om hvordan man kan på best mulig måte ivareta disse barnas tannhelse var også av interesse. Hensikten med intervjuet ...
  • The relationship between personality characteristics of dentists, dental anxiety, negative stories, and negative experiences with dental treatment. 

    Lillejord, Vetle; Lillejord, Sondre; Furnes, Martine (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-18)
    Background: Negative stories about the dentist are prevalent in mass-media and in social discourse. There are few studies about the effect of this, and we know that dental anxiety has not decreased over time, even though there have been a lot of changes in dental care. This study explores the impact of dental anxiety, negative stories and negative experiences on the rating of dentists’ personality ...
  • Samarbeidet mellom hjemmetjenesten og den offentlige tannhelsetjenesten i Troms 

    Bremer, Eirik Samuelsen; Berntsen, Hanna Aksnes; Pedersen, Inger-Ann (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-18)
    Bakgrunn: Personer som mottar hjemmesykepleie har ifølge Lov om tannhelsetjenesten rett til gratis tannbehandling fra den offentlige tannhelsetjenesten (DOT). Samtidig viser tall fra Statistisk sentralbyrå at på landsbasis er det under en fjerdedel som benytter seg av dette tilbudet. Man vet at levealderen har steget jevnt siden 1950-tallet og man forventer at den fremdeles kommer til å stige de ...
  • Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (Norwegian). Oversettelse av et internasjonalt diagnostisk verktøy. 

    Hansen, Arianne Holmgren; Walderhaug, Marte; Sanchez, Aina (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-14)
    Formål: Hensikten med prosjektet er å bidra til å utvikle en norsk versjon av Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD). En norsk versjon av DC/TMD vil kunne tilrettelegge for presis diagnostikk av pasienter med norsk bakgrunn og resultatmål fra Norge vil medvirke i internasjonal klinisk forskning av berørte pasientgrupper på tvers av kulturer. Bakgrunn: På engelsk benyttes ...
  • Snus intervention among dental personnel in Norway 

    Kverneng, Alexandra Hansson; Rustad, Julie Marie Børnich; Kvitvær, Katrine Nystad (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-02-06)
    Objectives: The aim of our study was to investigate dentists' and dental hygienists' practices concerning snus cessation in the dental clinics, and to map if they have enough knowledge about snus. We also wanted to see if there are differences between dentists and dental hygienists in cessation activity and successfulness, and what methods are used for intervention. Methods: A questionnaire was ...
  • Light curing composite -a thermal risk for the pulp? 

    Haukland, Torbjørn (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-05-19)
    Introduction and objectives: Light curing has shown to be a risk for the pulp as well as for superficial tissues due to high temperatures. The aim of this study was to evaluate temperature changes in a low viscosity bulk fill composite and the temperature effect on the pulp chamber temperature during light curing using a LED light curing device (LCU). The null hypothesis stated was that the composite ...
  • Mechanical properties of bulk fill compared to universal composites. 

    Winsjansen, Andreas (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-05-16)
    Objectives: Bulk fill composites are becoming increasingly popular due to claimed facilitated placement and curing. Varying results on the mechanical properties and depth of cure have been reported, however. The aim for the present study was to compare flexural strength, E-modulus, secant modulus, Knoop hardness and depth of cure of bulk fill and universal composite materials, subjected to different ...
  • Tannhelsetjenesten og innmeldinger til Barnevernet. Tannhelsetjenestens behov for retningslinjer og veiledning, for å gi utsatte barn den støtten som trengs. 

    Kræmer, Helle Feldt; Stiberg, Katharina (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-05-16)
    I masteroppgaven ønsker vi kort å beskrive hvilken beskyttende tiltak som finnes for barn som er utsatt for vold, overgrep, omsorgssvikt og dental forsømmelse. Vi ønsker også og kartlegge rutiner og beredskap i den Offentlige Tannhelsetjenesten i Nordland og Troms, ved mistanke om at barn er utsatte for overnevnte. Våren 2017 skal Helsedirektoratet presentere nye nasjonale retningslinjer angående ...
  • Should Clinicians Split or Lump Psychiatric Symptoms? The Structure of Psychopathology in Two Large Pediatric Clinical Samples from England and Norway 

    Fernández de la Cruz, Lorena; Vidal-Ribas, Pablo; Zahreddine, Nada; Mathiassen, Børge; Brøndbo, Per Håkan; Simonoff, Emily; Goodman, Robert; Stringaris, Argyris (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-14)
    It has been suggested that the structure of psychiatric phenomena can be reduced to a few symptom dimensions. These proposals, mainly based on epidemiological samples, may not apply to clinical populations. We tested the structure of psychiatric symptoms across two pediatric clinical samples from England (N=8434) and Norway (N=5866). Confirmatory factor analyses of the parent-reported Strengths ...
  • Discordance, Disclosure and Normative Gender Roles: Barriers to Couple Testing Within a Community-Level HIV Self-Testing Intervention in Urban Blantyre, Malawi 

    Kumwenda, Moses Kelly; Corbett, Elizabeth Lucy; Chikovore, Jeremiah; Phiri, Mackwellings; Mwale, Daniel; Choko, Augustine Talumba; Nliwasa, Marriot; Sambakunsi, Rodrick; Taegtmeyer, Miriam; Gutteberg, Tore Jarl; Munthali, Alister; Desmond, Nicola (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-06)
    A community-based HIV self-testing study in Blantyre, Malawi demonstrated that not all individuals living in couples tested with their partner. We describe factors dissuading individuals in couples from self-testing with their partner. Data were drawn from qualitative study exploring consequences of HIV self-testing within couples. In-depth interviews were conducted with 33 individuals living in ...

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