Recent additions

  • Female Reproductive Behavior 

    Snoeren, Eelke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-19)
  • "They were the ones that saw me and listened.” From child sexual abuse to disclosure: Adults’ recalls of the process towards final disclosure 

    Brattfjell, Maria Larsen; Flåm, Anna-Margrete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-11)
    <i>Background</i> - When child sexual abuse (CSA) is not disclosed, children run the risk of being subjected to longer or repeated abuse, not receiving necessary treatment, and being re-victimized. <p> <p><i>Objective</i> - This study examines what adults exposed to child sexual abuse in hindsight evaluate as important for disclosure. The aim was to explore exposed own experiences of steps towards ...
  • A longitudinal investigation of immigrant children’s ethnic and national identities 

    Froehlich, Laura; Martiny, Sarah E.; Deaux, Kay (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-22)
    How immigrants define their ethnicity and nationality is relevant for integration: They can identify with their ethnic group, the receiving society, and a combination of both. A longitudinal study with elementary-school children with migration background (N = 200; age 9-10) in Germany investigated the predictors and stability of ethnic and national identity. Ethnic identity was more highly endorsed ...
  • Preface for Marcel Waldinger special issue on premature ejaculation 

    Serefoglu, EC; Olivier, Berend; Janssen, PKC; De Pretre, S; Snoeren, Eelke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2019-09-13)
    The world lost a very dear and brilliant man when Prof Dr Marcel Waldinger passed away this year. I am proud that I got to know him well, and had the chance to learn a lot from him as a scientist. He was passionate about his work related to men and womens sexual dysfunctions, with a special focus on PE, postorgasm illness syndrome, and persistent sexual arousal syndrome.
  • Intermittent Absence of Control during Reinforcement Learning Interferes with Pavlovian Bias in Action Selection 

    Csifcsak, Gabor; Melsæter, Eirik; Mittner, Matthias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-02)
    The ability to control the occurrence of rewarding and punishing events is crucial for our well-being. Two ways to optimize performance are to follow heuristics like Pavlovian biases to approach reward and avoid loss or to rely more on slowly accumulated stimulus–action associations. Although reduced control over outcomes has been linked to suboptimal decision-making in clinical conditions associated ...
  • Long-term mental health effects of mindfulness training: a 4-year follow-up study 

    Solhaug, Ida; De Vibe, Michael F.; Friborg, Oddgeir; Sørlie, Tore; Tyssen, Reidar; Bjørndal, Arild; Rosenvinge, Jan H (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-12)
    <i>Objectives</i> - Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) enhances short-term psychological health in clinical and non-clinical samples, whereas studies examining long-term effects are scarce. This study examined whether the effects of a 7-week MBSR programme on mental health persisted at 2- and 4-year follow-up and explored possible mechanisms of effect.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - In a two-site ...
  • Forholdet mellom aksept av voldtektsmyter og skyldfordeling etter et overgrep 

    Olsen, Maria; Revang, Kristine Skogen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-02)
    Formålet til denne studien var å undersøke sammenhengen mellom aksept av voldtektsmyter (Rape Myth Acceptance, RMA) og hvordan man fordeler skyld mellom offer og overgriper i fiktive overgrepsscenario. For å måle aksept av voldtektsmyter brukte vi “Acceptance of Modern Myths about Sexual Aggression (AMMSA)”, utviklet av Gerger, Kley, Bohner og Siebler (2007), oversatt og validert til norsk av ...
  • The healthy body image (HBI) intervention: Effects of a school-based cluster-randomized controlled trial with 12-months follow-up 

    Borgen, Christine Sundgot; Friborg, Oddgeir; Kolle, Elin; Engen, Kethe Marie Elgesem; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Pettersen, Gunn; Torstveit, Monica Klungland; Piran, Niva; Bratland-Sanda, Solfrid (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-28)
    We examined the effects of the Healthy Body Image (HBI) intervention on positive embodiment and health-related quality of life among Norwegian high school students. The intervention comprised three interactive workshops, with body image, media literacy, and lifestyle as main themes. In total, 2,446 12th grade boys (43%) and girls (mean age 16.8 years) from 30 high schools participated in a ...
  • Kan forankringseffekten brytes? En tilnærming mot underbevisste prosesser 

    Larsen, Karoline Gjertsen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-02)
    Hensikten med studien var å undersøke om forankringseffekten kunne elimineres, og om dette kunne gjennomføres ved en enkel og lite krevende metode. Forankringseffekten er kjent for sin robuste karakteristikk og tidligere studier har som regel feilet i å redusere eller eliminere effekten. Studien er utviklet på bakgrunn av Selective Availability-modellen (Strack, Mussweiler & Kruglanski, 1997) som ...
  • Nevrotisisme og Ansiktspersepsjon: En Kvantitativ Studie av Sammenhengen mellom Persepsjon av Ansiktsuttrykk og Grad av Nevrotisisme 

    Nordling, Thyra Sæther; Skaue, Carmen Wilsgård (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-02)
    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between facial emotion perception (bias and sensitivity) and degree of neuroticism. A limited amount of studies have been conducted in this area. Neuroticism is a possible risk factor for developing certain mental disorders (i.e. anxiety and depression). Studies conducted on clinical samples often report negative biases in the identification ...
  • Individuelle forskjeller med betydning for spatiale ferdigheter og perspektivtaking 

    Stensland-Bugge, Thea; Wiik, Ida Karine Larsen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-01)
    Forskning innen spatial kognisjon skiller tradisjonelt mellom objektbaserte og miljøbaserte spatiale evner. I vår studie ønsket vi å undersøke kjønnsforskjeller i objektbaserte spatiale evner målt med Mental Rotation Task (MRT), og hvordan kjønnsforskjellen påvirkes av spatial angst og personlighetstrekket emosjonell stabilitet. Vi ville også utforske i hvilken grad venstre/høyre diskriminering, ...
  • Kan high definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS) over dorsolateral prefrontal korteks (DLPFK) forbedre hukommelses- og/eller oppmerksomhetsfunksjon ved mild Alzheimers sykdom? 

    Jørvum, Grethe; Trøite Johnsen, Ingvild (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-04-29)
    Alzheimers Sykdom (AS) er den vanligste demensformen, og forekomsten øker. Behovet for effektiv behandling er stort, men manglende. Flere studier fremmer High Definition Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (HD-tDCS) som behandlingsmetode. Denne studien undersøkte om HD-tDCS over venstre dorsolateral prefrontal korteks (vDLPFK) medførte forbedring i hukommelses- og/eller oppmerksomhetsfunksjon ...
  • Young immigrants in Norway: The role of national and ethnic identity in immigrants’ integration 

    Martiny, Sarah E.; Froehlich, Laura; Soltanpanah, Jilwan; Haugen, Maria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-08)
    The present work investigates the endorsement, antecedents, relationships, and consequences of young immigrants’ social identities in Norway. Despite increasing numbers of refugees and immigrants entering Norway in recent years, little is known about the relationship between immigrants’ different social identities and their feeling of integration into Norwegian society. The main goal of the present ...
  • The role of adrenoceptors in the central nervous system in male and female rat sexual behavior 

    Snoeren, Eelke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2014-09-10)
    Three different phases can be distinguished in rats’ sexual cycle, the introductory (precopulatory), the copulatory and the executive (ejaculatory) phases. In this review, a new analysis of existing pharmacological data is made, both in male and female rats, in which the different aspects of sexual behavior are taken into account. An effort is made to distinguish pharmacological effects on sexual ...
  • Functions of Vocalization in Sociosexual Behaviors in Rats (Rattus norvegicus) in a Seminatural Environment 

    Chu, Xi; Snoeren, Eelke; Ågmo, Anders j (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2017-01-09)
    Both male and female rats produce vocalizations in the presence of a potential sexual partner. In this study, we evaluated the role of vocalizations in sociosexual behaviors in an ecologically valid procedure. Three males and 4 females were housed in a seminatural environment. In each group, 1 or 2 males and females were devocalized, and the other subjects were sham operated. Sociosexual interactions ...
  • Filtered beauty in Oslo and Tokyo: A spatial frequency analysis of facial attractiveness 

    Øvervoll, Morten; Schettino, Ilaria; Suzuki, Hikaru; Okubo, Matia; Laeng, Bruno (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-14)
    Images of European female and male faces were digitally processed to generate spatial frequency (SF) filtered images containing only a narrow band of visual information within the Fourier spectrum. The original unfiltered images and four SF filtered images (low, medium-low, medium-high and high) were then paired in trials that kept constant SF band and face gender and participants made a forced-choice ...
  • Responses to positive and aversive stimuli in estrous female rats housed in a seminatural environment: Effects of yohimbine and chlordiazepoxide 

    Le Moëne, Olivia; Ågmo, Anders j (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-05)
    The behavioral effects of putative anxiolytic and anxiogenic drugs are usually evaluated in highly standardized tests. Here, we determined the effects of such drugs in rats housed in mixed sex groups in a seminatural environment. Sexually receptive female Wistar rats were treated with either the anxiolytic drug chlordiazepoxide (2 mg/kg), the anxiogenic drug yohimbine (1 mg/kg), or saline (1 ml/kg). ...
  • Measuring implemental delay in procrastination: Separating onset and sustained goal striving 

    Svartdal, Frode; Klingsieck, Katrin; Steel, Piers; Gamst-Klaussen, Thor (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-13)
    Scales measuring procrastination focus on different aspects of unnecessary and unwanted delay, delay in task implementation – an increased gap between intention and action – being a core characteristic. However, an inspection of existing procrastination scales reveals that the scales do not distinguish between two facets of implemental delay, <i>onset delay</i>, and delay related to <i>sustained ...
  • White matter correlates of gait perturbations resulting from spontaneous and lateralized attention in healthy older adults: A dual-task study 

    Castro Chavira, Susana Angelica; Vangberg, Torgil Riise; Gorecka, Marta Maria; Vasylenko, Olena; Waterloo, Knut; Rodriguez-Aranda, Claudia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-18)
    To date the neural mechanisms behind gait perturbations caused by dual-task paradigms are still unknown. Therefore, the present study examined white matter correlates of gait perturbations caused by a dichotic listening task where spontaneous (free focus of attention) and lateralized attentional control (voluntary attention directed to right or left-ear) were tested. Fifty-nine right-handed, healthy ...
  • Pathological gambling among university students – the impact of personality and subjective well-being 

    Dalan, Sarah Karine; Richardsen, Vilde; Ringheim, Tiril Eriksen (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2019-04-29)
    Introduction: Students are at a higher risk of developing pathological gambling compared to the general population. Research has revealed a link between higher Neuroticism, lower Conscientiousness and pathological gambling, and that pathological gamblers tend to report poorer subjective well-being. Thus, the major objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between pathological ...

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