Recent additions

  • Now you see it, now you don’t: Solid and subtle differences between Hedonic and Eudaimonic Wellbeing 

    Thorsteinsen, Kjærsti; Vittersø, Joar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-10)
    Data from an intensive longitudinal goal intervention study in Norway (N = 138) were used to test the assumption that hedonic (HWB) and eudaimonic (EWB) wellbeing reflect two distinct dimensions of wellbeing. Based on multilevel factor analyses, a path model and hierarchical regression analyses the paper aimed to demonstrate that a basic duality between the two kinds of wellbeing exists. Compared ...
  • Measuring Resilience Across Australia and Norway: Validation and Psychometric Properties of the English Version of the Resilience Scale for Adults. 

    Anyan, Frederick; Hjemdal, Odin; Bizumic, Boris; Friborg, Oddgeir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2019-04-05)
    Resilience has become increasingly important in clinical and health psychology, but only few scales have received good psychometric ratings for assessing various outcomes of resilience. The Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) is one of the best psychometrically rated scales and has been validated among Norwegian samples. The purpose of this study was to explore the construct validity of the RSA in an ...
  • Modeling Human Sexual Motivation in Rodents: Some Caveats 

    Le Moene, Olivia; Ågmo, Anders j (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-27)
    Sexual behavior is activated by motivation. An overwhelming majority of experimental studies of the intricacies of sexual motivation has been performed in rodents, most of them in rats. Sometimes it is desirable to generalize results obtained in this species to other species, particularly the human. It is hoped that studies of the neurobiology of rodent sexual behavior may shed light on the central ...
  • Reliability, factor structure, and validity of the inventory of complicated grief (ICG) in a general bereaved sample in Norway 

    Thimm, Jens; Davidsen, Maylinn; Elsness, Mie Marie; Vara, Helga (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-29)
    The Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG) is the most widely used instrument to assess the severity of prolonged grief reactions after the loss of a loved one. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Norwegian ICG by examining its reliability, factor structure, and relationships with the anxiety and depression subscales of the Brief Symptom Inventory, ...
  • In Brief Neuropsychological Assessment, Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) Is associated with Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers for Cognitive Decline in Contrast to the Prevailing NIA-AA MCI Criterion 

    Hessen, Erik; Kirsebom, Bjørn-Eivind; Eriksson, Cecilia Magdalena; Eliassen, Carl Fredrik Andestad; Nakling, Arne; Bråthen, Geir; Waterloo, Knut; Aarsland, Dag; Fladby, Tormod (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-22)
    <i>Background:</i> In the care of persons with cognitive problems, it is important to use a valid mild cognitive impairment (MCI) criterion that discriminates well between normal and pathological aging.<p> <p><i>Objective:</i> To find the brief neuropsychological screening criterion that best correlates with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for cognitive decline and dementia in persons ...
  • Metacognition in psychology 

    Norman, Elisabeth; Pfuhl, Gerit; Sæle, Rannveig Grøm; Svartdal, Frode; Låg, Torstein; Dahl, Tove Irene (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-25)
    How has the concept of metacognition been used within basic and applied psychological research? We begin our answer by presenting a broad definition of metacognition, a historical overview of its development and its presence in research databases. To assess which function and facets are most frequently addressed within each of the sub-disciplines, we present results from separate literature searches. ...
  • The Emotional Impact of Video Games 

    Toreskaas, Jane Helen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-12-01)
    Abstract The thesis aimed to study the emotional impact of video games and how these emotions shape the experience of the gaming. Data are from a case study and comprise both automatic facial coding of emotional expression and qualitative interviews. The facially expressed emotions were analyzed by means of a computer program named FaceReader. The results indicate that video games elicit a wide and ...
  • Attitudes Towards the Use of Routine Outcome Monitoring of Psychological Therapies Among Mental Health Providers: The EBPAS–ROM 

    Rye, Marte; Rognmo, Kamilla; Aarons, Gregory A.; Skre, Ingunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-28)
    Implementation of routine outcome monitoring (ROM) in mental health care is progressing slowly. Knowledge about factors influencing ROM implementation, including health providers’ attitudes towards ROM, is necessary. Based on a survey of 662 psychologists and nurses, this article describes (1) the development of a short instrument measuring provider attitudes towards ROM, derived from the Evidence-based ...
  • A novel experimental paradigm with improved ecological validity reveals robust action-associated enhancement of the N1 visual event-related potential in healthy adults 

    Balla, Viktória Roxána; Szalóki, Szilvia; Kilencz, Tünde; Dalos, Vera Daniella; Németh, Roland; Csifcsak, Gabor (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-11)
    The association between an action and its sensory consequence has been linked to our sense of agency (SoA). While ecological validity is crucial in investigating such a complex phenomenon, previous paradigms focusing on the cortical analysis of movement-related images used simplified experimental protocols. Here, we examined the influence of action-associated predictive processes on visual event-related ...
  • Internalizing problems and attentional control: Effects on cardiac autonomic responses after the induction of negative affect 

    Andersen, Tonje Grønning; Fiskum, Charlotte; Aslaksen, Per M; Flaten, Magne Arve; Jacobsen, Karl Henry (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019)
    Individuals with internalizing problems differ in levels of attentional control (AC), and this heterogeneity could be associated with differences in autonomic arousal. The present study investigated whether AC moderated the effect of internalizing problems on self-reported experience and autonomic nervous system (ANS) responses after the induction of negative affect. Children aged 9–13 years were ...
  • Increasing propensity to mind‐wander by transcranial direct current stimulation? A registered report 

    Boayue, Nya Mehnwolo; Csifcsak, Gabor; Aslaksen, Per M; Turi, Zsolt; Antal, Andrea; Groot, Josephine Maria; Hawkins, Guy E.; Forstmann, Birte U.; Opitz, Alexander; Thielscher, Axel; Mittner, Matthias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2019-01-24)
    Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been proposed to be able to modulate different cognitive functions. However, recent meta‐analyses conclude that its efficacy is still in question. Recently, an increase in subjects’ propensity to mind‐wander has been reported as a consequence of anodal stimulation of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (Axelrod et al., Proceedings of the National ...
  • Mild Effect of Nalmefene on Alcoholic Cue-Induced Response Invigoration in Alcohol Use Disorder Without Accompanying Changes in Electrophysiological Signatures of Early Visual Processing and Executive Control 

    Gál, Bernadett Ildikó; Kilencz, Tunde; Albert, Anita; Demeter, Ildikó; Hegedűs, Klára Mária; Janka, Zoltán; Csifcsak, Gabor; Álmos, Péter Zoltán (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-26)
    Nalmefene is approved for as-needed pharmacological treatment in alcohol use disorder (AUD) by the European Medicines Agency. While the cellular effects of nalmefene have been thoroughly investigated, data are very limited on how this agent influences neural signals associated with inhibitory control and the visual analysis of environmental cues. This double-blind crossover study assessed the ...
  • Profiles of Perfectionism Among Adolescents Attending Specialized Elite- and Ordinary Lower Secondary Schools: A Norwegian Cross-Sectional Comparative Study 

    Stornæs, Annett Victoria; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Pettersen, Gunn; Friborg, Oddgeir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-06)
    The versatile construct of perfectionism has been heavily debated, e.g., its nature or measurement constituents, how it influences performances or, most importantly, our health. Conventional linear analyses seem inadequate to address such challenges. Hence, we used a latent variable and a person-centered approach to identify different patterns of perfectionism, and their relationships with psychological ...
  • No evidence that portion size influences food consumption in male Sprague Dawley rats 

    Naneix, Fabien; Pinder, Sophie C.; Summers, Megan Y.; Rouleau, Renee M.; Robinson, Eric; Myers, Kevin P.; McCutcheon, James E. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-18)
    In studies of eating behavior that have been conducted in humans, the tendency to consume more when given larger portions of food, known as the portion size effect (PSE), is one of the most robust and widely replicated findings. Despite this, the mechanisms that underpin it are still unknown. In particular, it is unclear whether the PSE arises from higher-order social and cognitive processes that ...
  • Early maladaptive schemas as predictors of maternal bonding to the unborn child 

    Nordahl, Dag; Høifødt, Ragnhild Sørensen; Bohne, Agnes; Landsem, Inger Pauline; Wang, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson; Thimm, Jens (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-11)
    <p><i>Background - </i>The quality of an expectant mother’s bonding to the fetus has been shown to be associated with important developmental outcomes. Previous studies suggest that bonding quality is predicted by, for example, social support, psychological well-being, and depression. However, little is known regarding the role of maternal cognition in maternal-fetal bonding. Early maladaptive schemas ...
  • Blame it on the weather? The association between pain in fibromyalgia, relative humidity, temperature and barometric pressure 

    Fagerlund, Asbjørn Johansen; Iversen, Maria; Ekeland, Andrea; Moen, Connie Malén; Aslaksen, Per M (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-10)
    Self-reported pain levels in patients with fibromyalgia may change according to weather conditions. Previous studies suggest that low barometric pressure (BMP) is significantly related to increased pain, but that the contribution of changes in BMP has limited clinical relevance. The present study examined whether BMP influenced variability in perceived stress, and if stress levels moderated or ...
  • Gender differences in the bidirectional relationship between alcohol consumption and sleeplessness: the Tromsø study 

    Rognmo, Kamilla; Bergvik, Svein; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Bratlid, Katja Lovise; Friborg, Oddgeir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-29)
    <i>Background</i> - The degree to which the relationship between alcohol use and sleeplessness is unidirectional or reciprocal is unclear due to great variation among the results of previous studies. The aim of the present study was to investigate if the relationship between alcohol use and sleeplessness is bidirectional by exploring how the change in and stability of alcohol use were related to ...
  • Defining compulsive exercise in eating disorders: acknowledging the exercise paradox and exercise obsessions 

    Bratland-Sanda, Solfrid; Mathisen, Therese Fostervold; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Rosenvinge, Jan H (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-04)
    Recently Dittmer et al. (JED 6:1–9, 2018). suggested a transdiagnostic definition and a clinical assessment for compulsive exercise in adolescents and adults with eating disorders. In this letter to the editor, we extend the transdiagnostic bridge to the DSM-5-criteria for obsessive-compulsive disorders and hence raise the issue of exercise obsession without compulsive exercise actions. We argue ...
  • Blinding is compromised for transcranial direct current stimulation at 1 mA for 20 min in young healthy adults 

    Turi, Zsolt; Csifcsak, Gabor; Boayue, Nya Mehnwolo; Aslaksen, Per M; Antal, Andrea; Paulus, Walter; Groot, Josephine; Hawkins, Guy E.; Opitz, Alexander; Thielscher, Axel; Mittner, Matthias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-19)
    Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non‐invasive brain stimulation method that is frequently used to study cortical excitability changes and their impact on cognitive functions in humans. While most stimulators are capable of operating in double‐blind mode, the amount of discomfort experienced during tDCS may break blinding. Therefore, specifically designed sham stimulation protocols ...
  • Men in communal roles. The influence of gender incongruent role models on gender stereotypes and occupational aspirations of kindergarten children in Northern Norway 

    Ofori, George Kwadwo (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-02)
    Research in the past has looked extensively at gender segregation in the workforce, where men and women are “divided” into bigger domains of work based on traditional gender roles attributed to them (Watt, 2008; Tellhed, Bäckström & Björklund, 2016). These two domains are STEM: science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (Beede et al., 2011) and HEED: healthcare, elementary education, and ...

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