Recent additions

  • Sammenheng mellom mindset og tankestrategi 

    Gonzalez, Nathalie Zahra (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-09)
    Prefaktiske tanker – tanker om konsekvenser av tenkte handlinger før de utføres – kan være gunstig for å forstå hvordan fremtidige mål kan oppnås. (Epstude, Scholl & Roese, 2016), mens kontrafaktisk tanker – tanker om hva som alternativt kunne skjedd – er funksjonell ved å hjelpe individet med atferdsregulering (Epstude & Roese, 2008). Denne studien undersøker sammenhengen mellom studenters prefaktiske- ...
  • The Moderating Effect of Personality on the Relationship Between Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Depression and Anxiety Among Adolescents: Results From the Tromsø Study – Fit Futures 

    Hembre, Martine Helgesen; Håkonsen, Ellen Asplund (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-08)
    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between physical activity, personality and mental distress in an adolescent sample. We also investigated if the relationship between physical activity and mental distress is dependent on personality. Analyses were based on data from the second wave of the Tromsø study – Fit Futures. An objective measure of physical activity was used, in ...
  • Sykefravær og barrierer mot retur til arbeid. En litteraturgjennomgang av ikke-helseårsakers betydning for sykefravær 

    Fredhammer, Håkon Emil Coucheron (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-02)
    Samtidig som arbeidslivet i Norge preges av høy sysselsetting, høyt utdanningsnivå og god folkehelse, er sykefraværet det høyeste blant OECD-landene. Langtidssykefraværet står for de fleste av sykefraværsdagene, og det er viktig å forstå hvorfor ikke flere kommer tilbake i jobb gjennom dagens sykefraværsordning. Det er gjort mye forskning på både utløsende og opprettholdende helseårsaker til sykefravær, ...
  • Can perinatal SSRI exposure affect sexual behavior later in life? Early Developmental Fluoxetine Exposed Female Rats Observed in a Seminatural Environment 

    Hegstad, Jan (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-02)
    Renewed interests in sexual behavior research stems from human reports of negative symptoms of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). The use of SSRIs, during pregnancy might impact the developing child, due to the drug’s ability to cross the placenta and also be present in breastmilk. Perinatal SSRI exposure thus elevates serotonin levels in the developing brain, during phases where serotonin ...
  • Rationality: Can it be predicted by cognitive effort, ability and thinking disposition? On the role of willingness to exert cognitive effort, thinking disposition and executive function on deliberate reasoning tasks both with and without a heuristic response. 

    Klevjer, Kristoffer (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-02)
    Å bruke intuisjon og magefølelsen, når det som egentlig kreves er nøye resonnering kan føre til feilaktige vurdering og beslutninger, ikke bare på quiz, men også ha store konsekvenser i hverdagen. Så hvorfor gjør vi det? En vanlig forklaring er at vi gjøre det fordi det er strevsomt og krever innsats å bedrive nøye resonnering, innsats vi til vanlig ikke liker. In denne studien kastet vi lys over ...
  • Contingency awareness and its effects on fear-potentiated startle and extinction 

    Sandvik, Rikke Pauline (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-01)
    Fear-potentiated startle is defined as an increase in the magnitude of the startle reflex in the presence of a stimulus that has been paired with an aversive stimulus or event. It has been debated how much awareness of contingencies can affect fear-potentiated startle and the extinction of this. A conditional discrimination procedure was adapted to a human fear-potentiated startle paradigm in 33 ...
  • Får psykologstudenter det kunnskapsgrunnlaget de trenger for praksis og arbeid i førstelinjetjenesten? Et innblikk i studenters erfaring fra førstelinjepraksis på Psykhjelpen for de minste 

    Nilssen, Ingeborg Berg; Borgen, Katrin Karlsen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-04-30)
    Helse- og omsorgsdepartementet lovfestet i 2015 at samtlige kommuner skal ha kommunepsykolog innen 2020. Med vedtaket ønsker man å styrke forebyggende tiltak, hvor kommunepsykologen får et bredt spekter av nye arbeidsoppgaver. Hvorvidt psykologer er forberedt på denne endringen av psykologens virke har blitt debattert de siste årene. Universitetet i Tromsø (UiT) er ett av universitetene som ...
  • Third-party prosocial behavior in adult female rats is impaired after perinatal fluoxetine exposure 

    Heinla, Indrek; Heijkoop, Roy; Houwing, Danielle; Olivier, Jocelien; Snoeren, Eelke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-26)
    SSRIs are commonly used to treat pregnant women with depression. However, SSRIs can cross the placenta and affect the development of the fetus. The effects of perinatal SSRI exposure, and especially the effects on social behavior, are still incompletely documented. This study first aims to investigate whether rats show prosocial behavior in the form of consolation behavior. Secondly, it aims to ...
  • Does the EQ-5D usual activities dimension measure what it intends to measure? The relative importance of work, study, housework, family or leisure activities 

    Gamst-Klaussen, Thor; Lamu, Admassu Nadew (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-23)
    <i>Background</i> - The EQ-5D is the most widely used generic preference-based health-related quality of life measure. It comprises five dimensions: mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression. The usual activities dimension asks respondents to evaluate the severity of problems in their usual activities, such as work, study, housework, family or leisure activities. ...
  • Associations between self-compassion and complicated grief symptoms in bereaved individuals: An exploratory study 

    Vara, Helge; Thimm, Jens (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-08)
    Grief is a normal and natural response to the loss of a loved one that is characterized by a broad range of emotional, behavioral, cognitive, and physiological symptoms. For most bereaved, these symptoms abate over time as the individual comes to terms with the loss. However, about 10% of the bereaved experience a persistent and debilitating grief reaction, a condition that has been termed complicated ...
  • Female Reproductive Behavior 

    Snoeren, Eelke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-19)
  • "They were the ones that saw me and listened.” From child sexual abuse to disclosure: Adults’ recalls of the process towards final disclosure 

    Brattfjell, Maria Larsen; Flåm, Anna-Margrete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-11)
    <i>Background</i> - When child sexual abuse (CSA) is not disclosed, children run the risk of being subjected to longer or repeated abuse, not receiving necessary treatment, and being re-victimized. <p> <p><i>Objective</i> - This study examines what adults exposed to child sexual abuse in hindsight evaluate as important for disclosure. The aim was to explore exposed own experiences of steps towards ...
  • A longitudinal investigation of immigrant children’s ethnic and national identities 

    Froehlich, Laura; Martiny, Sarah E.; Deaux, Kay (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-22)
    How immigrants define their ethnicity and nationality is relevant for integration: They can identify with their ethnic group, the receiving society, and a combination of both. A longitudinal study with elementary-school children with migration background (N = 200; age 9-10) in Germany investigated the predictors and stability of ethnic and national identity. Ethnic identity was more highly endorsed ...
  • Preface for Marcel Waldinger special issue on premature ejaculation 

    Serefoglu, EC; Olivier, Berend; Janssen, PKC; De Pretre, S; Snoeren, Eelke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2019-09-13)
    The world lost a very dear and brilliant man when Prof Dr Marcel Waldinger passed away this year. I am proud that I got to know him well, and had the chance to learn a lot from him as a scientist. He was passionate about his work related to men and womens sexual dysfunctions, with a special focus on PE, postorgasm illness syndrome, and persistent sexual arousal syndrome.
  • Intermittent Absence of Control during Reinforcement Learning Interferes with Pavlovian Bias in Action Selection 

    Csifcsak, Gabor; Melsæter, Eirik; Mittner, Matthias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-02)
    The ability to control the occurrence of rewarding and punishing events is crucial for our well-being. Two ways to optimize performance are to follow heuristics like Pavlovian biases to approach reward and avoid loss or to rely more on slowly accumulated stimulus–action associations. Although reduced control over outcomes has been linked to suboptimal decision-making in clinical conditions associated ...
  • Long-term mental health effects of mindfulness training: a 4-year follow-up study 

    Solhaug, Ida; De Vibe, Michael F.; Friborg, Oddgeir; Sørlie, Tore; Tyssen, Reidar; Bjørndal, Arild; Rosenvinge, Jan H (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-12)
    <i>Objectives</i> - Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) enhances short-term psychological health in clinical and non-clinical samples, whereas studies examining long-term effects are scarce. This study examined whether the effects of a 7-week MBSR programme on mental health persisted at 2- and 4-year follow-up and explored possible mechanisms of effect.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - In a two-site ...
  • Forholdet mellom aksept av voldtektsmyter og skyldfordeling etter et overgrep 

    Olsen, Maria; Revang, Kristine Skogen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-02)
    Formålet til denne studien var å undersøke sammenhengen mellom aksept av voldtektsmyter (Rape Myth Acceptance, RMA) og hvordan man fordeler skyld mellom offer og overgriper i fiktive overgrepsscenario. For å måle aksept av voldtektsmyter brukte vi “Acceptance of Modern Myths about Sexual Aggression (AMMSA)”, utviklet av Gerger, Kley, Bohner og Siebler (2007), oversatt og validert til norsk av ...
  • The healthy body image (HBI) intervention: Effects of a school-based cluster-randomized controlled trial with 12-months follow-up 

    Borgen, Christine Sundgot; Friborg, Oddgeir; Kolle, Elin; Engen, Kethe Marie Elgesem; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Pettersen, Gunn; Torstveit, Monica Klungland; Piran, Niva; Bratland-Sanda, Solfrid (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-28)
    We examined the effects of the Healthy Body Image (HBI) intervention on positive embodiment and health-related quality of life among Norwegian high school students. The intervention comprised three interactive workshops, with body image, media literacy, and lifestyle as main themes. In total, 2,446 12th grade boys (43%) and girls (mean age 16.8 years) from 30 high schools participated in a ...
  • Kan forankringseffekten brytes? En tilnærming mot underbevisste prosesser 

    Larsen, Karoline Gjertsen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-02)
    Hensikten med studien var å undersøke om forankringseffekten kunne elimineres, og om dette kunne gjennomføres ved en enkel og lite krevende metode. Forankringseffekten er kjent for sin robuste karakteristikk og tidligere studier har som regel feilet i å redusere eller eliminere effekten. Studien er utviklet på bakgrunn av Selective Availability-modellen (Strack, Mussweiler & Kruglanski, 1997) som ...
  • Nevrotisisme og Ansiktspersepsjon: En Kvantitativ Studie av Sammenhengen mellom Persepsjon av Ansiktsuttrykk og Grad av Nevrotisisme 

    Nordling, Thyra Sæther; Skaue, Carmen Wilsgård (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-02)
    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between facial emotion perception (bias and sensitivity) and degree of neuroticism. A limited amount of studies have been conducted in this area. Neuroticism is a possible risk factor for developing certain mental disorders (i.e. anxiety and depression). Studies conducted on clinical samples often report negative biases in the identification ...

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