Recent additions

  • Forholdet mellom aksept av voldtektsmyter og skyldfordeling etter et overgrep 

    Olsen, Maria; Revang, Kristine Skogen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-02)
    Formålet til denne studien var å undersøke sammenhengen mellom aksept av voldtektsmyter (Rape Myth Acceptance, RMA) og hvordan man fordeler skyld mellom offer og overgriper i fiktive overgrepsscenario. For å måle aksept av voldtektsmyter brukte vi “Acceptance of Modern Myths about Sexual Aggression (AMMSA)”, utviklet av Gerger, Kley, Bohner og Siebler (2007), oversatt og validert til norsk av ...
  • The healthy body image (HBI) intervention: Effects of a school-based cluster-randomized controlled trial with 12-months follow-up 

    Borgen, Christine Sundgot; Friborg, Oddgeir; Kolle, Elin; Engen, Kethe Marie Elgesem; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Pettersen, Gunn; Torstveit, Monica Klungland; Piran, Niva; Bratland-Sanda, Solfrid (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-28)
    We examined the effects of the Healthy Body Image (HBI) intervention on positive embodiment and health-related quality of life among Norwegian high school students. The intervention comprised three interactive workshops, with body image, media literacy, and lifestyle as main themes. In total, 2,446 12th grade boys (43%) and girls (mean age 16.8 years) from 30 high schools participated in a ...
  • Kan forankringseffekten brytes? En tilnærming mot underbevisste prosesser 

    Larsen, Karoline Gjertsen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-02)
    Hensikten med studien var å undersøke om forankringseffekten kunne elimineres, og om dette kunne gjennomføres ved en enkel og lite krevende metode. Forankringseffekten er kjent for sin robuste karakteristikk og tidligere studier har som regel feilet i å redusere eller eliminere effekten. Studien er utviklet på bakgrunn av Selective Availability-modellen (Strack, Mussweiler & Kruglanski, 1997) som ...
  • Nevrotisisme og Ansiktspersepsjon: En Kvantitativ Studie av Sammenhengen mellom Persepsjon av Ansiktsuttrykk og Grad av Nevrotisisme 

    Nordling, Thyra Sæther; Skaue, Carmen Wilsgård (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-02)
    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between facial emotion perception (bias and sensitivity) and degree of neuroticism. A limited amount of studies have been conducted in this area. Neuroticism is a possible risk factor for developing certain mental disorders (i.e. anxiety and depression). Studies conducted on clinical samples often report negative biases in the identification ...
  • Individuelle forskjeller med betydning for spatiale ferdigheter og perspektivtaking 

    Stensland-Bugge, Thea; Wiik, Ida Karine Larsen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-01)
    Forskning innen spatial kognisjon skiller tradisjonelt mellom objektbaserte og miljøbaserte spatiale evner. I vår studie ønsket vi å undersøke kjønnsforskjeller i objektbaserte spatiale evner målt med Mental Rotation Task (MRT), og hvordan kjønnsforskjellen påvirkes av spatial angst og personlighetstrekket emosjonell stabilitet. Vi ville også utforske i hvilken grad venstre/høyre diskriminering, ...
  • Kan high definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS) over dorsolateral prefrontal korteks (DLPFK) forbedre hukommelses- og/eller oppmerksomhetsfunksjon ved mild Alzheimers sykdom? 

    Jørvum, Grethe; Trøite Johnsen, Ingvild (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-04-29)
    Alzheimers Sykdom (AS) er den vanligste demensformen, og forekomsten øker. Behovet for effektiv behandling er stort, men manglende. Flere studier fremmer High Definition Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (HD-tDCS) som behandlingsmetode. Denne studien undersøkte om HD-tDCS over venstre dorsolateral prefrontal korteks (vDLPFK) medførte forbedring i hukommelses- og/eller oppmerksomhetsfunksjon ...
  • Young immigrants in Norway: The role of national and ethnic identity in immigrants’ integration 

    Martiny, Sarah E.; Froehlich, Laura; Soltanpanah, Jilwan; Haugen, Maria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-08)
    The present work investigates the endorsement, antecedents, relationships, and consequences of young immigrants’ social identities in Norway. Despite increasing numbers of refugees and immigrants entering Norway in recent years, little is known about the relationship between immigrants’ different social identities and their feeling of integration into Norwegian society. The main goal of the present ...
  • The role of adrenoceptors in the central nervous system in male and female rat sexual behavior 

    Snoeren, Eelke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2014-09-10)
    Three different phases can be distinguished in rats’ sexual cycle, the introductory (precopulatory), the copulatory and the executive (ejaculatory) phases. In this review, a new analysis of existing pharmacological data is made, both in male and female rats, in which the different aspects of sexual behavior are taken into account. An effort is made to distinguish pharmacological effects on sexual ...
  • Functions of Vocalization in Sociosexual Behaviors in Rats (Rattus norvegicus) in a Seminatural Environment 

    Chu, Xi; Snoeren, Eelke; Ågmo, Anders j (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2017-01-09)
    Both male and female rats produce vocalizations in the presence of a potential sexual partner. In this study, we evaluated the role of vocalizations in sociosexual behaviors in an ecologically valid procedure. Three males and 4 females were housed in a seminatural environment. In each group, 1 or 2 males and females were devocalized, and the other subjects were sham operated. Sociosexual interactions ...
  • Filtered beauty in Oslo and Tokyo: A spatial frequency analysis of facial attractiveness 

    Øvervoll, Morten; Schettino, Ilaria; Suzuki, Hikaru; Okubo, Matia; Laeng, Bruno (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-14)
    Images of European female and male faces were digitally processed to generate spatial frequency (SF) filtered images containing only a narrow band of visual information within the Fourier spectrum. The original unfiltered images and four SF filtered images (low, medium-low, medium-high and high) were then paired in trials that kept constant SF band and face gender and participants made a forced-choice ...
  • Responses to positive and aversive stimuli in estrous female rats housed in a seminatural environment: Effects of yohimbine and chlordiazepoxide 

    Le Moëne, Olivia; Ågmo, Anders j (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-05)
    The behavioral effects of putative anxiolytic and anxiogenic drugs are usually evaluated in highly standardized tests. Here, we determined the effects of such drugs in rats housed in mixed sex groups in a seminatural environment. Sexually receptive female Wistar rats were treated with either the anxiolytic drug chlordiazepoxide (2 mg/kg), the anxiogenic drug yohimbine (1 mg/kg), or saline (1 ml/kg). ...
  • Measuring implemental delay in procrastination: Separating onset and sustained goal striving 

    Svartdal, Frode; Klingsieck, Katrin; Steel, Piers; Gamst-Klaussen, Thor (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-13)
    Scales measuring procrastination focus on different aspects of unnecessary and unwanted delay, delay in task implementation – an increased gap between intention and action – being a core characteristic. However, an inspection of existing procrastination scales reveals that the scales do not distinguish between two facets of implemental delay, <i>onset delay</i>, and delay related to <i>sustained ...
  • White matter correlates of gait perturbations resulting from spontaneous and lateralized attention in healthy older adults: A dual-task study 

    Castro Chavira, Susana Angelica; Vangberg, Torgil Riise; Gorecka, Marta Maria; Vasylenko, Olena; Waterloo, Knut; Rodriguez-Aranda, Claudia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-18)
    To date the neural mechanisms behind gait perturbations caused by dual-task paradigms are still unknown. Therefore, the present study examined white matter correlates of gait perturbations caused by a dichotic listening task where spontaneous (free focus of attention) and lateralized attentional control (voluntary attention directed to right or left-ear) were tested. Fifty-nine right-handed, healthy ...
  • Pathological gambling among university students – the impact of personality and subjective well-being 

    Dalan, Sarah Karine; Richardsen, Vilde; Ringheim, Tiril Eriksen (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2019-04-29)
    Introduction: Students are at a higher risk of developing pathological gambling compared to the general population. Research has revealed a link between higher Neuroticism, lower Conscientiousness and pathological gambling, and that pathological gamblers tend to report poorer subjective well-being. Thus, the major objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between pathological ...
  • Does the Healthy Body Image program improve lifestyle habits among high-schoolstudents? A radndomised controlled trial With 12-month follow-up 

    Borgen, Christine Sundgot; Friborg, Oddgeir; Kolle, Elin; Torstveit, Monica Klungland; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Engen, Kethe Marie Elgesem; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Pettersen, Gunn; Bratland-Sanda, Solfrid (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-05)
    <i>Objectives</i> - Positive embodiment and healthy lifestyle habits seem to be related; therefore, stimulating positive embodiment should promote healthy lifestyle habits. In the current study, we delivered the Healthy Body Image (HBI) intervention among Norwegian high school students and examined the effects on healthy lifestyle habits.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - The HBI intervention comprises three ...
  • Now you see it, now you don’t: Solid and subtle differences between Hedonic and Eudaimonic Wellbeing 

    Thorsteinsen, Kjærsti; Vittersø, Joar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-10)
    Data from an intensive longitudinal goal intervention study in Norway (N = 138) were used to test the assumption that hedonic (HWB) and eudaimonic (EWB) wellbeing reflect two distinct dimensions of wellbeing. Based on multilevel factor analyses, a path model and hierarchical regression analyses the paper aimed to demonstrate that a basic duality between the two kinds of wellbeing exists. Compared ...
  • Measuring Resilience Across Australia and Norway: Validation and Psychometric Properties of the English Version of the Resilience Scale for Adults. 

    Anyan, Frederick; Hjemdal, Odin; Bizumic, Boris; Friborg, Oddgeir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2019-04-05)
    Resilience has become increasingly important in clinical and health psychology, but only few scales have received good psychometric ratings for assessing various outcomes of resilience. The Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) is one of the best psychometrically rated scales and has been validated among Norwegian samples. The purpose of this study was to explore the construct validity of the RSA in an ...
  • Modeling Human Sexual Motivation in Rodents: Some Caveats 

    Le Moëne, Olivia; Ågmo, Anders j (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-27)
    Sexual behavior is activated by motivation. An overwhelming majority of experimental studies of the intricacies of sexual motivation has been performed in rodents, most of them in rats. Sometimes it is desirable to generalize results obtained in this species to other species, particularly the human. It is hoped that studies of the neurobiology of rodent sexual behavior may shed light on the central ...
  • Reliability, factor structure, and validity of the inventory of complicated grief (ICG) in a general bereaved sample in Norway 

    Thimm, Jens; Davidsen, Maylinn; Elsness, Mie Marie; Vara, Helga (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-29)
    The Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG) is the most widely used instrument to assess the severity of prolonged grief reactions after the loss of a loved one. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Norwegian ICG by examining its reliability, factor structure, and relationships with the anxiety and depression subscales of the Brief Symptom Inventory, ...
  • In Brief Neuropsychological Assessment, Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) Is associated with Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers for Cognitive Decline in Contrast to the Prevailing NIA-AA MCI Criterion 

    Hessen, Erik; Kirsebom, Bjørn-Eivind; Eriksson, Cecilia Magdalena; Eliassen, Carl Fredrik Andestad; Nakling, Arne; Bråthen, Geir; Waterloo, Knut; Aarsland, Dag; Fladby, Tormod (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-22)
    <i>Background:</i> In the care of persons with cognitive problems, it is important to use a valid mild cognitive impairment (MCI) criterion that discriminates well between normal and pathological aging.<p> <p><i>Objective:</i> To find the brief neuropsychological screening criterion that best correlates with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for cognitive decline and dementia in persons ...

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