Now showing items 1-20 of 677

    • Psychological Science Accelerator: A Promising Resource for Clinical Psychological Science 

      Beshears, Julie; Gjoneska, Biljana; Schmidt, Kathleen; Pfuhl, Gerit; Saari, Toni; McAuliffe, William H. B.; Steltenpohl, Crystal N.; Onie, Sandersan; Chartier, Christopher R.; Moshontz, Hannah (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2022-08-24)
      The Psychological Science Accelerator (PSA) is an international collaborative network of psychological scientists that facilitates rigorous and generalizable research. In this chapter, we describe how the PSA can help clinical psychologists and clinical psychological science more broadly. We first describe the PSA and outline how individual clinical psychologists can use the PSA as a helpful resource ...
    • Sweet spot in music—Is predictability preferred among persons with psychotic-like experiences or autistic traits? 

      Lisøy, Rebekka Solvik; Pfuhl, Gerit; Sunde, Hans Fredrik; Biegler, Robert (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-29)
      People prefer music with an intermediate level of predictability; not so predictable as to be boring, yet not so unpredictable that it ceases to be music. This sweet spot for predictability varies due to differences in the perception of predictability. The symptoms of both psychosis and Autism Spectrum Disorder have been attributed to overestimation of uncertainty, which predicts a preference ...
    • Seroprevalence of SARS-Cov-2 Antibodies in Adults, Arkhangelsk, Russia 

      Krieger, Ekaterina Anatoljevna; Kudryavtsev, Alexander V; Sharashova, Ekaterina; Postoev, Vitaly; Belova, Natalia; Shagrov, Leonid; Zvedina, Julia; Drapkina, Oxana; Kontsevaya, Anna; Shalnova, Svetlana; Brenn, Tormod; Shkolnikov, Vladimir M.; Eggo, Rosalind M.; Leon, David Adrew (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02)
      Population-based data on coronavirus disease in Russia and on the immunogenicity of the Sputnik V vaccine are sparse. In a survey of 1,080 residents of Arkhangelsk 40–75 years of age, 65% were seropositive for IgG. Fifteen percent of participants had been vaccinated; of those, 97% were seropositive.
    • The role of early adversity and cognitive vulnerability in postnatal stress and depression 

      Bohne, Agnes; Høifødt, Ragnhild Sørensen; Nordahl, Dag; Landsem, Inger Pauline; Moe, Vibeke; Wang, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-12)
      The purpose of the present study was to examine vulnerability factors in expecting parents that might lead to mental illness in the perinatal period. Specifcally, we studied how parental early adversity, attentional bias to infant faces, repetitive negative thinking, and demographic factors, were associated with pre- and postnatal depressive symptoms and parenting stress. Participants were expecting ...
    • Academic Self-Efficacy, Procrastination, and Attrition Intentions 

      Nemtcan, Efim; Sæle, Rannveig Grøm; Gamst-Klaussen, Thor; Svartdal, Frode (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-24)
      Why do students leave universities? The current study addresses the problem of academic attrition from the perspective of students’ intentions. Specifically, we focus on the roles of academic self-efficacy and procrastination in exploring their relationships with attrition intentions. Based on existing research, we expected a negative relationship between academic self-efficacy and attrition ...
    • General Measurement Tools for Assessing Mental Health Problems Among Children and Adolescents with an Intellectual Disability: A Systematic Review 

      Halvorsen, Marianne Berg; Helverschou, Sissel Berge; Axeldottr, Brynhildur; Brøndbo, Per Håkan; Martinussen, Monica (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-12)
      Introduction: Cognitive impairment is one of the main disabilities in dementia. Physical activity (PA) has been suggested as protective for dementia. However, the findings are disparate in studies, and the question of whether this is because of reverse causality is still open. We aimed to explore the association of PA with cognition in people who later developed dementia compared to those who ...
    • The Healthy Body Image intervention and reduction in eating disorder symptomatology and muscle building supplement use in high school students: a study of mediating factors 

      Svantorp-Tveiten, Kethe Marie Engen; Ivarsson, Andreas; Torstveit, Monica Klungland; Sundgot-Borgen, Christine; Mathisen, Therese Fostervold; Bratland-Sanda, Solfrid; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Friborg, Oddgeir; Pettersen, Gunn; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-28)
      Background: Mediation analysis is important to test the theoretical framework underpinning an intervention. We therefore aimed to investigate if the healthy body image (HBI) intervention’s effect on eating disorder (ED) symptomatology and use of muscle building supplements was mediated by the change in risk and protective factors for ED development and muscle building supplement use. <p> <p>Methods: ...
    • Long-term effectiveness and trajectories of change after treatment with SMART, a transdiagnostic CBT for adolescents with emotional problems 

      Lorentzen, Veronica; Fargermo, Kenneth; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Neumer, Simon-Peter; Skre, Ingunn Berta Gjerdåker (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-05)
      Background - There is a need for long-term effectiveness trials of transdiagnostic treatments. This study investigates the effectiveness and diagnosis-specific trajectories of change in adolescent patients attending SMART, a 6-week transdiagnostic CBT for anxiety and depression, with 6-month follow-up.<p> <p>Methods - A randomized controlled trial with waiting list control (WLC) was performed at ...
    • Assessment of mental health trajectories before and after myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation or stroke: analysis of a cohort study in Tromsø, Norway (Tromsø Study, 1994-2016) 

      Lorem, Geir F; Opdal, Ida Marie; Wilsgaard, Tom; Schirmer, Henrik; Løchen, Maja-Lisa; Olsen, Ingrid Petrikke; Steigen, Terje; Rognmo, Kamilla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-01)
      Objectives - The increased survival rate of cardiovascular disease (CVD) implies a higher proportion of individuals who live with CVD. Using data from the Tromsø Study, we aimed to investigate mental health symptom trajectories before and after myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation or stroke in a general population and to explore factors that contribute to the association.<p> <p>Design - ...
    • Gender Stereotypes and Expected Backlash for Female STEM Students in Germany and Japan 

      Froehlich, Laura; Tsukamoto, Saori; Morinaga, Yasuko; Sakata, Kiriko; Uchida, Yukiko; Keller, Melanie M.; Stürmer, Stefan; Martiny, Sarah E.; Trommsdorff, Gisela (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-17)
      Although Germany and Japan are top-ranking in STEM, women are underrepresented in the STEM fields of physics, engineering, and computer science in both countries. The current research investigated widespread gender-science stereotypes in STEM in the two countries (Studies 1 and 2) and negative consequences of expected backlash (i.e., imagining negative reactions and lower ascribed communion in ...
    • Sexual incentive motivation, sexual behavior, and general arousal: Do rats and humans tell the same story? 

      Ågmo, Anders j; Laan, Ellen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-26)
      Sexual incentive stimuli activate sexual motivation and heighten the level of general arousal. The sexual motive may induce the individual to approach the incentive, and eventually to initiate sexual acts. Both approach and the ensuing copulatory interaction further enhance general arousal. We present data from rodents and humans in support of these assertions. We then suggest that orgasm is ...
    • Epidemiology of comorbid hazardous alcohol use and insomnia in 19 185 women and men attending the population-based Tromsø Study 2015–2016 

      Husberg, Vendela; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Friborg, Oddgeir; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Bergvik, Svein; Rognmo, Kamilla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-27)
      Background - Hazardous alcohol use is known to be comorbid with insomnia problems. The present study examined the prevalence of insomnia and if the odds of insomnia differed between women and men with a hazardous alcohol use.<p> <p>Methods - Cross-sectional data from the seventh survey of the Norwegian population-based Tromsø Study 2015–2016 (participation 65%). The sample included 19 185 women ...
    • Are Personality Traits Related to how Healthy Adults Adjust Their Decision-Making Strategies Under Varying Levels of Reward and Loss Controllability? 

      Angen, Caroline Alexandra Grant (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-16)
      Abstract Research suggests a dual-system theory of motivation on decision-making in humans, consisting of the Pavlovian and the Instrumental systems. These systems influence how we respond to environmental threats and rewards either in an automatic or in a more deliberate manner, and their interaction can either optimize or hinder decision-making. Importantly, humans seem to rely more heavily on ...
    • Effects of Experimentally Induced Pain on Value-Based Decision-Making in Healthy Adults 

      Klakegg, Ina (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-16)
      Every day we make decisions that influence our well-being. Because of this, it is crucial that we make the most optimal decisions possible in order to minimize unnecessary loss or suffering. Some groups might be more vulnerable to making maladaptive choices, such as those suffering with chronic pain, which is associated with various cognitive impairments. As it currently stands there is not a clear ...
    • The Shame of Buried Giants and the Courage to Dig Them Up 

      de Besche, Torstein (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-16)
      Sammendrag Når gruppen din begår en handling som du ser på som moralsk feil, kan du enten ta eierskap av det moralske nederlaget og beklage, aktivt prøve å gjemme bevis og unngå tema, eller ikke gjøre noe som helst. Vi replikerte studier på gruppe-basert skam som skiller skam inn i to forskjellige emosjonskalaer, rykte skam og moralsk skam. En konfirmatorisk faktoranalyse viste at gruppe-basert ...
    • Combining Prolonged Heat Pain with Low Controllability Over Rewards and Losses Results in Minimal Effects on Value-Based Decision-Making 

      Kuprejeva, Anastasija (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-16)
      Previous research has shown that experimental manipulations aiming at inducing choice strategies resembling learned helplessness (LH) in healthy adults influence the arbitration between simple and complex decision-making strategies. However, research regarding decision-making and LH-manipulations with experimental pain is lacking. Therefore, the present study applied the new LH-induction method with ...
    • Editorial: New Perspectives on Procrastination, Volume II 

      Steel, Piers; Svartdal, Frode (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-08-03)
      The field of procrastination is growing almost exponentially, with the academic search engine Semantic Scholar indicating approximately half of the more than 16,000 articles written on the topic were published in the previous 6 years. At this point, review articles of the field are becoming increasingly important. In addition, foundational issues still are being addressed, in particular the diagnosis ...
    • Feeling and Thinking about It Are Two Different Things: How to Capture Momentary Emotions of Extreme Sports in the Field 

      Hetland, Audun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-24)
      To learn about extreme sports and what motivates such activities, we need to understand the emotions embedded in the experience itself. However, how we go about assessing these emotions might provide us with very different answers. An experience is a fleeting and ever-changing phenomenon, rich in detail and filled with nuances. What we remember and, therefore, what we are able to report from our ...
    • From thought to action: On the relevance of including situational cues in thought about intended actions 

      Martiny-Huenger, Torsten; Damanskyy, Yevhen; Parks-Stamm, Elizabeth J. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-23)
      Successful everyday self-regulation often hinges on implementing intended responses at a later time–often in specific situations. We address this self-regulation challenge by examining the role of individuals’ thought about intended actions–and specifically whether it does or does not include situational cues. We hypothesized that including situational cues when thinking about intended actions enables ...
    • One-Year Follow-Up of Healthy Older Adults with Electroencephalographic Risk for Neurocognitive Disorder after Neurofeedback Training 

      Alatorre-Cruz, Graciela C.; Fernández, Thaliá; Castro Chavira, Susana Angelica; González-López, Mauricio; Sánchez-Moguel, Sergio M.; Silva-Pereyra, Juan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-15)
      Background: In healthy older adults, excess theta activity is an electroencephalographic (EEG) predictor of cognitive impairment. In a previous study, neurofeedback (NFB) treatment reinforcing reductions theta activity resulted in EEG reorganization and cognitive improvement.<p> <p>Objective: To explore the clinical applicability of this NFB treatment, the present study performed a 1-year follow-up ...