Now showing items 1-20 of 827

    • Man`s Best Friend and Therapist`s Best Assistant? Exploring the Potential of Dog-Assisted Interventions in Norwegian Institutions 

      Wiik, Ida Kristina Gule (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-02)
      Humans and dogs have a long history together. The dog’s purpose has changed from being a practical tool to being a “co-therapist”. Today, animal-assisted therapy is a common phenomenon internationally. However, the evidence for animal-assisted interventions is not very recognised in Norway. The present study aimed to investigate dogs’ ability as a form of emotional support for people in therapy in ...
    • Lunch Break Environments and Their Effect on Psychological Detachment and Well-Being 

      Borge, Lars Nordby (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-02)
      With increasing attention to the importance of recovery experiences, particularly in mitigating workplace stress and promoting well-being, the present research seeks to contribute to the understanding of how environmental factors influence psychological detachment and emotional exhaustion during lunch breaks. Drawing upon theories from both environmental psychology and work and occupational psychology, ...
    • Exploring the Link between Mind Wandering and Reinforcement Learning through Behavioral Analysis and Pupillometry 

      Karayel, Ceylin Yagmur (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-02)
      Many studies have shown the negative effects of mind wandering (MW) on performance in sustained attention tasks, however, its effects on reinforcement learning (RL), a process based on reward- and loss-based learning, is an unexplored field. In the current study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between MW and RL by employing a novel RL task to observe how MW influences performance. In ...
    • Eternal Sunshine of the Positive Mind? A Qualitative Study Investigating Laypeople’s Diverse Definition of Positive Thinking 

      Primdahl, Marie Seberg (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
      We often receive advice to think positively when faced with difficulties as it is believed to be helpful by increasing motivation to solve tasks or even to treat illness. Despite its prevalence, positivity as cognition has not been sufficiently defined. Thus, this thesis investigates folk theories about positive thinking through two qualitative studies; focus group interviews (n=18) and an online ...
    • The Sky is the Limit: Breaking the Glass Ceiling as an Ethnic Minority in Organizations 

      Babiker, Samy (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
      People with an ethnic minority background are becoming more prevalent in Western societies, and are more represented in the workforce as a consequence. Negative stereotypes and attitudes towards ethnic minorities persist in terms of lack of skill and knowledge that leads to discrimination and negative outcomes in their career progression. These obstacles make a glass ceiling that limit the potential ...
    • Elementary Children’s Well-Being and The Effect of Siblings During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Comparison of Four European Countries 

      Ingen, Kornelia van (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
      Late in 2019, the world changed due to the spreading of the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) virus. As a consequence of this virus, governments decided to implement lockdowns and school closures, as a measure to reduce the spreading of the deadly virus. In the present work, we aimed to investigate the impact these lockdowns and school closures had on children’s well-being. We used a cross-country approach with ...
    • Are There Gender Differences in Children’s Understanding of Hidden Emotions? 

      Kolve, Nora (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
      This study investigated whether there are gender differences in children's understanding of hidden emotions. Additionally, it explored whether there are gender differences in hidden emotion understanding in different social contexts (peer vs. family) and for different emotion categories (submissive emotions vs. disharmonious emotions). Our sample included 27 children aged four to six years and 17 ...
    • The Use of Situational Cues When Thinking About Future Action: The Relevance of Visual Imagery and Relationship With Conscientiousness 

      Bjørkhaug Johansen, Kristin (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
      Previous research has found a relationship between the habitual inclusion of situational cues in thoughts about future action, self-regulation success, and the personality trait conscientiousness. The present research aimed to replicate previous correlational findings from Martiny-Huenger et al., (2022) as well as presenting a new aspect that might influence the effectiveness of situational cue-thought ...
    • Adjusting the Instruction-Based Congruency Effect to an Explicit cue Requires Practise 

      Aasen, Steffen Rygg (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
      Humans display an ability to rapidly adapt behaviour to novelly instructed relations. Instructions typically bind known stimuli and responses in novel ways that must be retained for future implementation, which can induce unintentional effects on a secondary task. This effect can be adjusted based on the degree of preparation for the retained instruction. Cues can be used to explicitly signal upcoming ...
    • AutoATES v2.0: Automated Avalanche Terrain Exposure Scale mapping 

      Toft, Håvard B.; Sykes, John; Schauer, Andrew; Hendrikx, Jordy; Hetland, Audun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-21)
      Avalanche risk assessment is complex and challenging, with terrain assessment as one of the most fundamental factors. To aid people's terrain assessment, Parks Canada developed the Avalanche Terrain Exposure Scale (ATES), a system that classifies the severity of avalanche terrain into five classes from non-avalanche terrain to extreme terrain. Manual classification is laborious and dependent on ...
    • Default, time-pressured and incentivized deliberate reasoning 

      Abukar, Fozia Aweys (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2021-05-14)
      The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect time-pressure and incentives have on deliberate reasoning. A person’s tendency to engage in and enjoy processes that require reasoning, i.e., their need for cognition, and their algorithmic ability are factors that may moderate performance in reasoning tasks when they are under time-pressure or given monetary reward. Identifying how to increase ...
    • Mapping the Well-Being of Norwegian Mothers During the COVID-19 Pandemic 

      Kvalø, Marie (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-12)
      The COVID-19 pandemic has had negative effects on people’s well-being and quality of life. In order to extend existing research, we focused on Norwegian mothers with children in elementary schools, and investigated whether the pandemic influenced their well-being, stress, and worries. Our sample consisted of 231 mothers responding in the first data collection that took place June 2020, 97 mothers ...
    • The Effect of Singular Nonverbal Behaviours of Experimenters on Pain Reports 

      Daniali, Hojjat; Ruben, Mollie A.; Aslaksen, Per M; Fiskum, Charlotte; Kaptchuk, Ted J.; Flaten, Magne Arve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-03)
      Introduction: Studies suggest facial expressions of caregivers may be important in placebo effects; however, this has not been systematically tested. This experiment investigated the effects of caregivers’ singular positive nonverbal behaviours (NBs) on pain reports.<p> <p>Methods: Fifty-one males and 53 females (total of 104) participants were randomized to four groups that were displayed positive ...
    • Examining predictors of communal occupational aspirations in middle childhood 

      Olsen, Marte (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-06)
      The development of occupational aspirations begins in early childhood, and gender differences in occupational aspirations has been observed in children as young as age 4. The present study aims to investigate the development of communal occupational aspirations in middle childhood over time, based on the developmental theory of occupational aspirations by Gottfredson (1981). The study uses data from ...
    • Kan imitasjon forklares av engasjement? En kvantitativ studie av imitativ atferd og engasjement hos barn ved 18 måneders alder. 

      Kristoffersen, Anne Lise (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2019-04-29)
      Hensikten med denne studien var å undersøke om imitasjon i løpet av de første leveårene kan forklares av engasjement. Dette ble undersøkt gjennom å kartlegge barnets blikk mot eksperimentet under demonstrasjonen av en objektrelatert handling, samt ved å kartlegge barnets håndteringer av objektet under eksperimentfasen. Deretter ble frekvens av imitative handlinger kartlagt basert på barnets håndteringer ...
    • Stort behov for psykehjelp 

      Sæle, Rannveig Grøm (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Hos Psykhjelpen i Tromsø får ungdom hjelp av psykologistudenter til å takle problemer. Timelistene fylles raskt opp.
    • First trans-diagnostic experiences with a novel micro-choice based concentrated group rehabilitation for patients with low back pain, long COVID, and type 2 diabetes: a pilot study 

      Kvale, Gerd; Søfteland, Eirik; Jürgensen, Marte; Wilhelmsen-Langeland, Ane; Haugstvedt, Anne; Hystad, Sigurd William; Ødegaard-Olsen, Øystein Theodor; Aarli, Bernt Bøgvald; Rykken, Sidsel; Frisk, Bente (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-01-11)
      Background - The health care is likely to break down unless we are able to increase the level of functioning for the growing number of patients with complex, chronic illnesses. Hence, novel high-capacity and cost-effective treatments with trans-diagnostic effects are warranted. In accordance with the protocol paper, we aimed to examine the acceptability, satisfaction, and effectiveness of an ...
    • Relational rehabilitation: Reducing harmful effects of bullying 

      Finne, Johannes Nilsson; Roland, Erling Georg; Svartdal, Frode (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2018-12-10)
      Bullying causes pain and harm to the victims and creates wounds that often remain even if the bullying stops. Additionally, the social dynamics of the classroom community, where most bullying takes place, may remain after the termination of the active bullying of a pupil. This combination of personal trauma and contextual conditions in the classroom community creates a high risk of negative development. ...
    • CaMKIIa+ neurons in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis modulate pace of natural reward seeking depending on internal state 

      Huijgens, Patty Thalia; Heijkoop, Roy; Vanderschuren, Louk; Lesscher, Heidi; Snoeren, Eelke Mirthe Simone (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-24)
      This study aims to investigate the underlying neurobiological mechanisms that regulate natural reward seeking behaviors, specifically in the context of sexual behavior and sucrose self-administration. The role of CaMKIIa+neurons in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) was explored using chemogenetic silencing and -stimulation. Additionally, the study examined how these effects ...
    • Poorer self-reported mental health and general health among first year upper secondary school students do not predict school dropout: a five-year prospective study 

      Goll, Charlotte Bjørnskov; Sørlie, Tore; Friborg, Oddgeir; Ottosen, Karl-Ottar; Sæle, Rannveig Grøm (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-08)
      Introduction: Education is important for socioeconomic, work and health status; thus, dropping out of secondary school is of major concern. In Norway, 1 out of 5 is dropping out from upper secondary education. Academic performance is a known predictor for dropout, but the role of mental and general health status is studied less.<p> <p>Methods: By use of student data collected during the first ...