Now showing items 1-20 of 384

    • Early maladaptive schemas as predictors of maternal bonding to the unborn child 

      Nordahl, Dag; Høifødt, Ragnhild Sørensen; Bohne, Agnes; Landsem, Inger Pauline; Wang, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson; Thimm, Jens (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-11)
      <p><i>Background - </i>The quality of an expectant mother’s bonding to the fetus has been shown to be associated with important developmental outcomes. Previous studies suggest that bonding quality is predicted by, for example, social support, psychological well-being, and depression. However, little is known regarding the role of maternal cognition in maternal-fetal bonding. Early maladaptive schemas ...
    • Blame it on the weather? The association between pain in fibromyalgia, relative humidity, temperature and barometric pressure 

      Fagerlund, Asbjørn Johansen; Iversen, Maria; Ekeland, Andrea; Moen, Connie Malén; Aslaksen, Per M (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-10)
      Self-reported pain levels in patients with fibromyalgia may change according to weather conditions. Previous studies suggest that low barometric pressure (BMP) is significantly related to increased pain, but that the contribution of changes in BMP has limited clinical relevance. The present study examined whether BMP influenced variability in perceived stress, and if stress levels moderated or ...
    • Gender differences in the bidirectional relationship between alcohol consumption and sleeplessness: the Tromsø study 

      Rognmo, Kamilla; Bergvik, Svein; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Bratlid, Katja Lovise; Friborg, Oddgeir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-29)
      <i>Background</i> - The degree to which the relationship between alcohol use and sleeplessness is unidirectional or reciprocal is unclear due to great variation among the results of previous studies. The aim of the present study was to investigate if the relationship between alcohol use and sleeplessness is bidirectional by exploring how the change in and stability of alcohol use were related to ...
    • Defining compulsive exercise in eating disorders: acknowledging the exercise paradox and exercise obsessions 

      Bratland-Sanda, Solfrid; Mathisen, Therese Fostervold; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Rosenvinge, Jan H (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-04)
      Recently Dittmer et al. (JED 6:1–9, 2018). suggested a transdiagnostic definition and a clinical assessment for compulsive exercise in adolescents and adults with eating disorders. In this letter to the editor, we extend the transdiagnostic bridge to the DSM-5-criteria for obsessive-compulsive disorders and hence raise the issue of exercise obsession without compulsive exercise actions. We argue ...
    • Blinding is compromised for transcranial direct current stimulation at 1 mA for 20 min in young healthy adults 

      Turi, Zsolt; Csifcsak, Gabor; Boayue, Nya Mehnwolo; Aslaksen, Per M; Antal, Andrea; Paulus, Walter; Groot, Josephine; Hawkins, Guy E.; Opitz, Alexander; Thielscher, Axel; Mittner, Matthias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-19)
      Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non‐invasive brain stimulation method that is frequently used to study cortical excitability changes and their impact on cognitive functions in humans. While most stimulators are capable of operating in double‐blind mode, the amount of discomfort experienced during tDCS may break blinding. Therefore, specifically designed sham stimulation protocols ...
    • Men in communal roles. The influence of gender incongruent role models on gender stereotypes and occupational aspirations of kindergarten children in Northern Norway 

      Ofori, George Kwadwo (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-02)
      Research in the past has looked extensively at gender segregation in the workforce, where men and women are “divided” into bigger domains of work based on traditional gender roles attributed to them (Watt, 2008; Tellhed, Bäckström & Björklund, 2016). These two domains are STEM: science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (Beede et al., 2011) and HEED: healthcare, elementary education, and ...
    • The thrill of speedy descents: A pilot study on differences in facially expressed online emotions and retrospective measures of emotions during a downhill mountain-bike descent 

      Hetland, Audun; Kjelstrup, Eirik Refsnes; Mittner, Matthias; Vittersø, Joar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-02)
      When extreme sport athletes explain the engagement behind their taxing and risky endeavors, they often refer to the happiness generated by the activities. However, during the activity, these athletes seem neither pleased nor happy. This article proposes some answers from a study of facially expressed emotions measured moment by moment during downhill mountain biking. Self-reported emotions were ...
    • Does the Flipped Classroom Improve Student Learning and Satisfaction? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis 

      Låg, Torstein; Sæle, Rannveig Grøm (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-20)
      We searched and meta-analyzed studies comparing flipped classroom teaching with traditional, lecture-based teaching to evaluate the evidence for the flipped classroom’s influence on continuous-learning measures, pass/fail rates, and student evaluations of teaching. Eight electronic reference databases were searched to retrieve relevant studies. Our results indicate a small effect in favor of the ...
    • A systematic review of quality of life research in medicine and health sciences 

      Haraldstad, Kristin; Wahl, Astrid Klopstad; Andenæs, Randi; Andersen, John Roger; Andersen, Marit Helen; Beisland, Elisabeth Grov; Borge, Christine Råheim; Engebretsen, Eivind; Eisemann, Martin; Halvorsrud, Liv Torill; Hanssen, Tove Aminda; Haugstvedt, Anne; Haugland, Trude; Johansen, Venke A; Larsen, Marie Hamilton; Løvereide, Lise; Løyland, Borghild; Kvarme, Lisbeth Gravdal; Moons, P; Norekvål, Tone M.; Ribu, Lis; Rohde, Gudrun E.; Urstad, Kristin Hjorthaug; Helseth, Sølvi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-11)
      <i>Purpose</i>: Quality of life (QOL) is an important concept in the feld of health and medicine. QOL is a complex concept that is interpreted and defned diferently within and between disciplines, including the felds of health and medicine. The aims of this study were to systematically review the literature on QOL in medicine and health research and to describe the country of origin, target groups, ...
    • Perspectives on treatment side effects in patients with metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumour: a qualitative study 

      Fauske, Lena; Hompland, Ivar; Lorem, Geir F; Bondevik, Hilde; Bruland, Øyvind S (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-30)
      <i>Background</i>: This study aims to explore how patients with metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) experience the adverse efects of treatment, as expressed by the individuals themselves.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: A qualitative, phenomenological and hermeneutic design was applied. Twenty patients with metastatic GIST participated in the study. In-depth and semi-structured interviews ...
    • Change in physical activity is not associated with change in mental distress among adolescents: The Tromsø Study: Fit Futures 

      Opdal, Ida Marie; Morseth, Bente; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Lillevoll, Kjersti; Ask, Helga; Nielsen, Christopher Sivert; Horsch, Alexander; Furberg, Anne-Sofie; Rosenbaum, Simon; Rognmo, Kamilla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-09)
      <i>Background</i>: Previous research shows that physical activity has a protective effect on mental distress in adults, but the relationship is less researched and seems more ambiguous for adolescents. Studies in this field have typically been cross-sectional by design and based on self-reported physical activity measures, which are known to be vulnerable to response bias. The aim of this study ...
    • Neural cell adhesion molecule Negr1 deficiency in mouse results in structural brain endophenotypes and behavioral deviations related to psychiatric disorders 

      Singh, Katyayani; Jayaram, Mohan; Kaare, Maria; Leidmaa, Este; Jagomäe, Toomas; Heinla, Indrek; Hickey, Miriam A.; Kaasik, Allen; Schäfer, Michael K.; Innos, Jürgen; Lilleväli, Kersti; Philips, Mari-Anne; Vasar, Eero (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-01)
      Neuronal growth regulator 1 (NEGR1) belongs to the immunoglobulin (IgLON) superfamily of cell adhesion molecules involved in cortical layering. Recent functional and genomic studies implicate the role of NEGR1 in a wide spectrum of psychiatric disorders, such as major depression, schizophrenia and autism. Here, we investigated the impact of <i>Negr1</i> deficiency on brain morphology, neuronal ...
    • Playing a video game is more than mere procrastination 

      Nordby, Kent; Løkken, Ronny Andre; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-13)
      <i>Background</i>: Procrastination is seen as a severe problem among young people, and many factors have been claimed to be associated with it, playing video games being one of them. One of the reasons why video games might be related to procrastination is their ability to offer instant gratification and feedback, while at the same time offer distractions from less tempting and rewarding tasks. ...
    • Modeling distracted performance 

      Hawkins, Guy E.; Mittner, Matthias; Forstmann, Birte U.; Heathcote, Andrew (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-23)
      The sustained attention to response task (SART) has been the primary method of studying the phenomenon of mind wandering. We develop and experimentally test the first integrated cognitive process model that quantitatively explains all stationary features of behavioral performance in the SART. The model assumes that performance is generated by a competitive race between a stimulus-related decision ...
    • It’s Been a Hard Day’s Night and I’ve Been Working Like a Dog: Workaholism and Work Engagement in the JD-R Model 

      Langseth-Eide, Benedicte (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-21)
      The study investigates if the job-demands resources (JD-R) model could be improved by including workaholism in its health impairment process. Salient predictors and antecedents of workaholism and work engagement are identified in a sample of 12170 employees at Norwegian universities and university colleges. Structural equation modeling suggested that job demands and job resources relate to workaholism ...
    • Estrogen receptors α and β in the central amygdala and the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus: Sociosexual behaviors, fear and arousal in female rats during emotionally challenging events 

      Le Moëne, Olivia; Stavarache, Mihaela; Ogawa, Sonoko; Musatov, Sergei; Ågmo, Anders (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-27)
      Estrogens receptors (ER) are involved in several sociosexual behaviors and fear responses. In particular, the ERα is important for sexual behaviors, whereas ERβ modulates anxiolytic responses. Using shRNA directed either against the ERα or the ERβ RNAs (or containing luciferase control) encoded within an adeno-associated viral vector, we silenced these receptors in the ventromedial nucleus of the ...
    • Attitudes of mental health providers towards adoption of evidence-based interventions: relationship to work-place, staff roles and social and psychological factors at work 

      Rye, Marte; Friborg, Oddgeir; Skre, Ingunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-08)
      <p><i>Background - </i>Gaining insight into factors influencing the adoption of evidence-based interventions (EBI) is essential to ensuring their sustainability in the mental healthcare setting. This article describes 1) differences between professional staff roles in attitudes towards EBI and 2) individual and organizational predictors of attitudes towards adopting EBI. <p><i>Methods - </i>The ...
    • Using if-then planning to change attitudes towards meat 

      Tisthammer, Kelsey Kristine (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-02)
      Abstract In the present research, we investigated whether processing if-then plans as content in advertisements could induce changes in attitudes towards meat. If-then planning has conventionally been used as a self-regulation strategy in the field of goal attainment, but more current research has suggested that the underlying mechanisms that make them effective in goal attainment can also enable ...
    • Combining Mindfulness and Ultraviolet Phototherapy (UVB) in the treatment of moderate Psoriasis. A Pilot Study of patients experiences of the disease and treatment. 

      Hotvedt, Tarjei (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-05-05)
      We did a small pilot study with mixed method. The data collection included both quantitative data as well as qualitative data from interviews. We recruited sixteen moderate psoriasis patients divided in the following two groups of interventions (n = 8) and control (n = 8). The intervention group was given a brief Mindfulness practice as a supplement for the Ultraviolet Phototherapy. The control group ...
    • Veier til bedring og mestring av medisinsk uforklarte symptomer hos unge voksne. En kvalitativ undersøkelse 

      Sølna, Hilde Taraldsteen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-02)
      Formålet med studien er å utforske unge voksnes beskrivelser av veier til bedring og mestring av medisinsk uforklarte symptomer (MUPS). En stadig økene andel personer kontakter helsevesenet med plager som faller inn under denne samlebetegnelsen. Forskning viser at det kan være noe tilfeldig hvilken behandling og oppfølging denne pasientgruppen får. De kan derfor ofte føle seg misforstått eller ...