Now showing items 1-20 of 541

    • The ability of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire to detect mental health disorders in a child and adolescent outpatient clinic in Northern-Norway 

      Sæther, Guri; Moe, Therese Fjeldmo (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-05-03)
      The aim of the study was to examine the ability of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) to detect mental health disorders among patients referred to a child and adolescent outpatient clinic. The sample consisted of 100 participants between 5 and 17 years referred to an outpatient clinic in Northern-Norway. The SDQ-generated diagnostic predictions were compared to a gold standard to ...
    • Acculturation : early political and social science conceptions 

      Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Preprint; Manuskript, 2003-10)
    • Acculturation alchemy : how miscitations make biculturalism appear beneficial 

      Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2007)
      .
    • Acquiring sub-efficient and efficient variants of novel means by integrating information from multiple social models in preschoolers 

      Altınok, Nazlı; Hernik, Mikołaj; Király, Ildikó; Gergely, György (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-08)
      Sub-efficient action routines often represent culture-specific conventional forms of actions that belong to the repertoire of cultural knowledge shared by a social group. Children readily acquire such sub-efficient routines from social demonstrations and often preserve them in their action repertoire despite encountering more efficient alternatives. This suggests that they can treat sub-efficient ...
    • Action-associated modulation of visual event-related potentials evoked by abstract and ecological stimuli 

      Csifcsak, Gabor; Balla, Viktoria Roxana; Dalos, Vera Daniella; Kilencz, Tunde; Biro, Edit Magdolna; Urban, Gabor; Szaloki, Szilvia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2018-09-19)
      This study investigated the influence of action‐associated predictive processes on visual ERPs. In two experiments, we sought evidence for sensory attenuation (SA) indexed by ERP amplitude reductions for self‐induced stimuli when compared to passive viewing of the same images. We assessed if SA is (a) present for both ecological and abstract stimuli (pictures depicting hands or checkerboards), (b) ...
    • Adolescent health and adaptation in Canada: Examination of gender and age aspects of the healthy immigrant effect 

      Kwak, Kyunghwa; Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-11-14)
      Introduction A longstanding and widely held assumption is that immigrants suffer from ill health and adaptation problems. Yet recent studies show that immigrants report the same or better state of health compared to their native-born counterparts. This phenomenon, known as the healthy immigrant effect, has been found in studies of specific health conditions of adults. The present study focuses instead ...
    • Adult attachment style and maternal-infant bonding: the indirect path of parenting stress 

      Nordahl, Dag; Rognmo, Kamilla; Bohne, Agnes; Landsem, Inger Pauline; Moe, Vibeke; Wang, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson; Høifødt, Ragnhild Sørensen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-08)
      <i>Background</i> - The quality of maternal-infant bonding is related to important child outcomes. The literature has assumed that the ability to form relationships is a relatively stable trait, and research studies have suggested that a mother’s attachment style in close adult relationships is related to mother-infant bonding. The transition to parenthood is also often stressful, and the adult ...
    • Adult attachment style and maternal-infant bonding: the indirect path of parenting stress 

      Nordahl, Dag; Rognmo, Kamilla; Bohne, Agnes; Landsem, Inger Pauline; Moe, Vibeke; Wang, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson; Høifødt, Ragnhild Sørensen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-08)
      <i>Background</i> - The quality of maternal-infant bonding is related to important child outcomes. The literature has assumed that the ability to form relationships is a relatively stable trait, and research studies have suggested that a mother’s attachment style in close adult relationships is related to mother-infant bonding. The transition to parenthood is also often stressful, and the adult ...
    • Age matters. A study on motivation, flow and self-esteem in competing athletes. 

      Fossmo, Toril (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2006-11)
      The present study tested whether there were any differences between athletes varying in age, or practising different sports at different levels, on the variables motivation, flow, self-esteem and personality. Of the 145 athletes that participated in the study, there were 85 males and 59 females (one missing) ranging from 18 to 40 years of age (M = 21.34, SD = 3.89). The athletes were grouped as ...
    • Age-dependent effects of protein restriction on dopamine release 

      Naneix, Fabien; Peters, Kate Z.; Young, Andrew J.; McCutcheon, James Edgar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-31)
      Despite the essential role of protein intake for health and development, very little is known about the impact of protein restriction on neurobiological functions, especially at different stages of the lifespan. The dopamine system is a central actor in the integration of food-related processes and is influenced by physiological state and food-related signals. Moreover, it is highly sensitive to ...
    • Age-related differences in dichotic listening in dual-tasks situations 

      Krogstad, Marcus; Knive, Tom Jørund
      Auditiv oppmerksomhet målt ved Dikotisk -Lytting (DL), ble brukt for å undersøke høyrehendte friske eldre og yngre. Normal hjernealdring og det å gjøre flere oppmerksomhetskrevende oppgaver påvirker REA i ikke tvungen tilstand (NF) for eldre. Dette ble testet ved ren DL samt ved dual task metodikk med parallell utføring av DL med motorisk oppgave, gange eller fingertapping. Eldre viste en svak ...
    • Aggression replacement training : deltakernes vurdering av motivasjonelle faktorer 

      Eliassen, Siri (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-01)
      Denne studien undersøkte effekt av Aggression Replacement Training (ART) på om lag 70 barn og unge i Norge, samt viktigheten av motivasjonelle faktorer underveis i intervensjonen. Studien fokuserte på to mål: Effektdata basert på Sosial Skills Rating System (SSRS), der lærere og foreldre vurderte problematferd og sosial kompetanse før og etter ART-intervensjonen, og motivasjonsdata basert på et ...
    • Allmennlegers erfaringer med spiseforstyrrelser 

      Aalmen, Mia Holtet; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Holund, Andreas; Pettersen, Gunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-15)
      <i>BAKGRUNN</i> - Allmennlegen spiller en nøkkelrolle i å utrede, diagnostisere og behandle spiseforstyrrelser. Denne rollen utfordres av kliniske særtrekk ved pasientgruppen, legenes arbeidshverdag og samarbeidsforhold med spesialisthelsetjenesten. Hensikten med denne studien var å få mer kunnskap om hvordan allmennleger møter slike utfordringer.<p> <p><i>MATERIALE OG METODE</i> - Fem allmennleger ...
    • Amygdala's "unfelt" emotions? 

      Profeti, Italo (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-05)
      Participants saw “hybrid” pictures of faces composed by superimposing neutral expression in high spatial frequencies (HSF, 7-128 cycles/image) over different emotional expressions in low spatial frequencies (LSF, 1-6 cycles). While explicitly judging them as neutral, participants rated the hybrids as friendly when the emotion showed in the low frequencies was positive, and as unfriendly when the ...
    • Amyloid plaques and symptoms of depression links to medical help-seeking due to subjective cognitive decline 

      Espenes, Ragna; Kirsebom, Bjørn-Eivind; Eriksson, Cecilia Magdalena; Waterloo, Knut K; Hessen, Erik; Johnsen, Stein Harald; Selnes, Per; Fladby, Tormod (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-02)
      <i>Background:</i> Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) is associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, patients reporting SCD to their general practitioner are not always referred to a memory clinic.<p> <p><i>Objective:</i> To investigate whether prior history of medical help-seeking is associated with AD biomarker abnormality, worse cognitive performance, and/or depressive ...
    • Analyzing buyer behavior when selecting green criteria in public procurement 

      Igarashi, Mieko; De Boer, Luitzen; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Given the complexity of green public procurement, decisions are likely to be driven by bounded rationality. However, we know little about what determines supplier selection criteria in any given situation. This study explores buyer behavior when considering environmental criteria. We first conducted interviews and identified 12 operational procedures used by buyers. We then developed a survey to ...
    • Are adolescent elite athletes less psychologically distressed than controls? A cross-sectional study of 966 Norwegian adolescents 

      Rosenvinge, Jan H; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Pettersen, Gunn; Martinsen, Marianne; Stornæs, Annett Victoria; Pensgaard, Anne Marte (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-16)
      <p><i>Introduction</i>: Psychological distress is increasing among adolescents and clusters with other mental health problems such as eating problems. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of psychological distress among young elite athletes and age-matched controls and whether prevalence figures may be attributed to perfectionism and eating problems.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: ...
    • Are Parents Less Responsive to Young Children When They Are on Their Phones? A Systematic Naturalistic Observation Study 

      Vanden Abeele, Mariek M. P.; Abels, Monika; Hendrickson, Andrew T. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-04)
      This study examined whether parents are less responsive to their young children (0–5) when they use a phone. We systematically observed 53 parent–child dyads in consultation bureau waiting rooms and playgrounds. Twenty-three parents used their phone at least once during the observation. Across the dyads, we observed parent and child behavior during a total of 1,038 ten-second intervals. Of these ...
    • Are psychotic experiences related to poorer reflective reasoning? 

      Mækelæ, Martin Jensen; Moritz, Steffen; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-12)
      <p><i>Background</i>: Cognitive biases play an important role in the formation and maintenance of delusions. These biases are indicators of a weak reflective mind, or reduced engaging in reflective and deliberate reasoning. In three experiments, we tested whether a bias to accept non-sense statements as profound, treat metaphorical statements as literal, and suppress intuitive responses is related ...
    • Are there Gender Differences in Pain and Placebo Analgesia? 

      Harviken, Ida Elisabeth (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-05-02)
      Abstrakt Formål: Å undersøke om menn viser høyere placebo responser enn kvinner, og om dette kan forklares av kjønnsforskjeller i smertefrykt. Høyere grad av smertefrykt ble foreslått å være høyest blant kvinner, noe som antas å redusere deres placebo respons. Videre ble det undersøkt om kjønnet på eksperimentator kunne påvirke deltagernes smerterapport. Metode:96 friske deltagere (51 kvinner) ble ...