Now showing items 1-20 of 380

    • The ability of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire to detect mental health disorders in a child and adolescent outpatient clinic in Northern-Norway 

      Sæther, Guri; Moe, Therese Fjeldmo (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-05-03)
      The aim of the study was to examine the ability of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) to detect mental health disorders among patients referred to a child and adolescent outpatient clinic. The sample consisted of 100 participants between 5 and 17 years referred to an outpatient clinic in Northern-Norway. The SDQ-generated diagnostic predictions were compared to a gold standard to ...
    • Acculturation : early political and social science conceptions 

      Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Preprint; Manuskript, 2003-10)
    • Acculturation alchemy : how miscitations make biculturalism appear beneficial 

      Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2007)
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    • Action-associated modulation of visual event-related potentials evoked by abstract and ecological stimuli 

      Csifcsak, Gabor; Balla, Viktoria Roxana; Dalos, Vera Daniella; Kilencz, Tunde; Biro, Edit Magdolna; Urban, Gabor; Szaloki, Szilvia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2018-09-19)
      This study investigated the influence of action‐associated predictive processes on visual ERPs. In two experiments, we sought evidence for sensory attenuation (SA) indexed by ERP amplitude reductions for self‐induced stimuli when compared to passive viewing of the same images. We assessed if SA is (a) present for both ecological and abstract stimuli (pictures depicting hands or checkerboards), (b) ...
    • Adolescent health and adaptation in Canada: Examination of gender and age aspects of the healthy immigrant effect 

      Kwak, Kyunghwa; Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-11-14)
      Introduction A longstanding and widely held assumption is that immigrants suffer from ill health and adaptation problems. Yet recent studies show that immigrants report the same or better state of health compared to their native-born counterparts. This phenomenon, known as the healthy immigrant effect, has been found in studies of specific health conditions of adults. The present study focuses instead ...
    • Age matters. A study on motivation, flow and self-esteem in competing athletes. 

      Fossmo, Toril (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2006-11)
      The present study tested whether there were any differences between athletes varying in age, or practising different sports at different levels, on the variables motivation, flow, self-esteem and personality. Of the 145 athletes that participated in the study, there were 85 males and 59 females (one missing) ranging from 18 to 40 years of age (M = 21.34, SD = 3.89). The athletes were grouped as ...
    • Age-related differences in dichotic listening in dual-tasks situations 

      Krogstad, Marcus; Knive, Tom Jørund
      Auditiv oppmerksomhet målt ved Dikotisk -Lytting (DL), ble brukt for å undersøke høyrehendte friske eldre og yngre. Normal hjernealdring og det å gjøre flere oppmerksomhetskrevende oppgaver påvirker REA i ikke tvungen tilstand (NF) for eldre. Dette ble testet ved ren DL samt ved dual task metodikk med parallell utføring av DL med motorisk oppgave, gange eller fingertapping. Eldre viste en svak ...
    • Aggression replacement training : deltakernes vurdering av motivasjonelle faktorer 

      Eliassen, Siri (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-01)
      Denne studien undersøkte effekt av Aggression Replacement Training (ART) på om lag 70 barn og unge i Norge, samt viktigheten av motivasjonelle faktorer underveis i intervensjonen. Studien fokuserte på to mål: Effektdata basert på Sosial Skills Rating System (SSRS), der lærere og foreldre vurderte problematferd og sosial kompetanse før og etter ART-intervensjonen, og motivasjonsdata basert på et ...
    • Amygdala's "unfelt" emotions? 

      Profeti, Italo (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-05)
      Participants saw “hybrid” pictures of faces composed by superimposing neutral expression in high spatial frequencies (HSF, 7-128 cycles/image) over different emotional expressions in low spatial frequencies (LSF, 1-6 cycles). While explicitly judging them as neutral, participants rated the hybrids as friendly when the emotion showed in the low frequencies was positive, and as unfriendly when the ...
    • Analyzing buyer behavior when selecting green criteria in public procurement 

      Igarashi, Mieko; De Boer, Luitzen; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Given the complexity of green public procurement, decisions are likely to be driven by bounded rationality. However, we know little about what determines supplier selection criteria in any given situation. This study explores buyer behavior when considering environmental criteria. We first conducted interviews and identified 12 operational procedures used by buyers. We then developed a survey to ...
    • Are adolescent elite athletes less psychologically distressed than controls? A cross-sectional study of 966 Norwegian adolescents 

      Rosenvinge, Jan H; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Pettersen, Gunn; Martinsen, Marianne; Stornæs, Annett Victoria; Pensgaard, Anne Marte (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-16)
      <p><i>Introduction</i>: Psychological distress is increasing among adolescents and clusters with other mental health problems such as eating problems. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of psychological distress among young elite athletes and age-matched controls and whether prevalence figures may be attributed to perfectionism and eating problems.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: ...
    • Are psychotic experiences related to poorer reflective reasoning? 

      Mækelæ, Martin Jensen; Moritz, Steffen; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-12)
      <p><i>Background</i>: Cognitive biases play an important role in the formation and maintenance of delusions. These biases are indicators of a weak reflective mind, or reduced engaging in reflective and deliberate reasoning. In three experiments, we tested whether a bias to accept non-sense statements as profound, treat metaphorical statements as literal, and suppress intuitive responses is related ...
    • Are there Gender Differences in Pain and Placebo Analgesia? 

      Harviken, Ida Elisabeth (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-05-02)
      Abstrakt Formål: Å undersøke om menn viser høyere placebo responser enn kvinner, og om dette kan forklares av kjønnsforskjeller i smertefrykt. Høyere grad av smertefrykt ble foreslått å være høyest blant kvinner, noe som antas å redusere deres placebo respons. Videre ble det undersøkt om kjønnet på eksperimentator kunne påvirke deltagernes smerterapport. Metode:96 friske deltagere (51 kvinner) ble ...
    • Assessment of bacteria gene expression changes in host oral microbiome during stress.A pilot study 

      Kaurin, Sunniva (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-11-01)
      The key objective of this study was to assess changes in the oral microbiome in relation to acute stress. Saliva samples were collected to analyze stress hormones and bacterial transcriptomic profiles. The participants underwent a socially evaluative cold pressor task (SECPT), reliably activating the HPA axis and eliciting pain and physiological responses in the participants, respectively (Skoluda ...
    • Assessment of sexual behavior in rats: the potentials and pitfalls 

      Heijkoop, Roy; Huijgens, Patty Thalia; Snoeren, Eelke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-27)
      In the field of behavioral neuroscience, it is essential to use the appropriate animal models for the topic of investigation. Using the wrong model can result in false interpretation of the results. In this review we will discuss the animal models used to study sexual behavior, with a focus on rats. We will discuss the potentials and pitfalls of the different paradigms and try to make recommendations ...
    • The association between dexterity and cognitive functioning in healthy elderly: A kinematic analysis 

      Eriksen, Mari Lise (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-11-08)
      Aging has a degenerative effect on hand function and cognition. After the age of 65, most healthy elders experience sensorimotor changes and cognitive declines of various kinds which can make activities of everyday life a challenge. To our knowledge, few studies have investigated the possible interplay between cognitive function and dexterity in the elderly. The purpose of the present study was to ...
    • Association-based Concealed Information Test: A Novel Reaction Time-Based Deception Detection Method 

      Lukacs, Gaspar; Bartosz, Gula; Szegedi-Hallgato, Emese; Csifcsak, Gabor (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2017-07-15)
      In recent years, numerous studies were published on the reaction time (RT)-based Concealed Information Test (CIT). However, an important limitation of the CIT is the reliance on the recognition of the probe item, and therefore the limited applicability when an innocent person is aware of this item. In the present paper, we introduce an RT-based CIT that is based on item-category associations: ...
    • Assosiasjon mellom lungefunksjon og kognitive evner hos friske ungdommer 

      Wahlmann, Trond Asbjørn Eriksen; Henriksen, Eva (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-05-02)
      Sammendrag En rekke studier har rapportert en assossiasjon mellom pustemekanismer og kognitiv funksjon hos voksne og eldre. Hvorvidt denne sammenhengen også gjelder for yngre individ er ennå ikke fullt utforsket. Vi ville med denne studien undersøke dette nærmere, ved å sammenligne en tenåringsgruppe med en ung voksen gruppe. Vi har brukt ulike lungemål for å se om de var relatert til kognitive ...
    • Attitudes of mental health providers towards adoption of evidence-based interventions: relationship to work-place, staff roles and social and psychological factors at work 

      Rye, Marte; Friborg, Oddgeir; Skre, Ingunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-08)
      <p><i>Background - </i>Gaining insight into factors influencing the adoption of evidence-based interventions (EBI) is essential to ensuring their sustainability in the mental healthcare setting. This article describes 1) differences between professional staff roles in attitudes towards EBI and 2) individual and organizational predictors of attitudes towards adopting EBI. <p><i>Methods - </i>The ...
    • «Å bli forelder var mer vanskelig enn jeg hadde forventet». En kvantitativ analyse av utsagn på spørreinstrumentet Parent Stress Index i fire analysegrupper fra tre ulike studier 

      Jennerwein, Andrea (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-02-25)
      Mitt formål med denne masteroppgaven har vært å få kunnskap om foreldres attribusjon knyttet sin opplevelse av foreldrestress i grupper av foreldre som har barn i risiko for utviklingspsykologisk skjevutvikling. Jeg har analysert data fra spørreinstrumentet Parenting Stress Index (PSI) fra fire foreldregrupper: foreldre til barn med atferdsvansker, foreldre til premature barn, fosterforeldre samt ...