Recent additions

  • Deliberation Decreases the Likelihood of Expressing Dominant Responses 

    Martiny-Huenger, Torsten; Bieleke, Maik; Doerflinger, Johannes T.; Stephensen, Matthew; Gollwitzer, Peter M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-11)
    Deliberation is commonly assumed to be a central characteristic of humans’ higher cognitive functions, and the responses following deliberation are attributed to mechanisms that are qualitatively different from lower-level associative or affectively driven responses. In contrast to this perspective, the current article’s aim is to draw attention to potential issues with making inferences about ...
  • Effects of gonadectomy and dihydrotestosterone on neuronal plasticity in motivation and reward related brain regions in the male rat 

    Huijgens, Patty; Snoeren, Eelke; Meisel, Robert; Mermelstein, Paul (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-06)
    Gonadal hormones affect neuronal morphology to ultimately regulate behaviour. In female rats, oestradiol mediates spine plasticity in hypothalamic and limbic brain structures, contributing to long‐lasting effects on motivated behaviour. Parallel effects of androgens in male rats have not been extensively studied. Here, we investigated the effect of both castration and androgen replacement on spine ...
  • Can accelerated transcranial direct current stimulation improve memory functions? An experimental, placebo-controlled study 

    Bystad, Martin; Storø, Benedicte Haug; Gundersen, Nina; Larsen Wiik, Ida Karine; Nordvang, Lene; Grønli, Ole; Rasmussen, Ingrid Daae; Aslaksen, Per M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-01)
    The aim of this study was to investigate whether transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) could improve verbal memory functions in healthy old and younger participants. We hypothesized that active tDCS led to significantly improved memory function, compared to placebo tDCS. Forty healthy participants (20 old and 20 younger participants) were included in the study. We applied a novel stimulation ...
  • Post-stroke health-related quality of life at 3 and 12 months and predictors of change in a Danish and Arctic Norwegian Region 

    Heiberg, Guri Anita; Friborg, Oddgeir; Pedersen, Synne Garder; Thrane, Gyrd; Stabell, Henriette Holm; Nielsen, Jørgen Feldbæk; Anke, Audny (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-30)
    Objectives: To investigate changes in health-related quality of life between 3- and 12-months post-stroke in a north Norwegian and a Danish region that organize their rehabilitation services differently, and to identify clinically relevant predictors of change. Design: Prospective multicentre cohort study. Subjects: In total, 304 patients with first-ever stroke (male sex 59%, mean age 68.7 years) ...
  • Time trends in the effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: A meta-analysis 

    Thimm, Jens; Johnsen, Tom Johan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-21)
    Recent studies suggest that the effects of cognitive therapies for depression show systematic changes over time. A meta‐analysis was conducted to explore the temporal development of the effect of mindfulness‐based cognitive therapy (MBCT) for current depression in studies that used the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) or the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) as outcome measures. A systematic ...
  • Are Parents Less Responsive to Young Children When They Are on Their Phones? A Systematic Naturalistic Observation Study 

    Vanden Abeele, Mariek M. P.; Abels, Monika; Hendrickson, Andrew T. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-04)
    This study examined whether parents are less responsive to their young children (0–5) when they use a phone. We systematically observed 53 parent–child dyads in consultation bureau waiting rooms and playgrounds. Twenty-three parents used their phone at least once during the observation. Across the dyads, we observed parent and child behavior during a total of 1,038 ten-second intervals. Of these ...
  • The Role of Emotions for 4 Athletes in Nordic Combined in Ski Jumping Competitions in World Cup 

    Moen, Frode; Vitsøe, Joar; Rasdal, Vegard; Myhre, Kenneth; Sandbakk, Øyvind (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-02)
    This study looks at how emotions were associated with ski jumping competitions in world cup for four athletes representing the Norwegian national team in Nordic combined. The athletes documented their emotional experiences during competition rounds (trial-, and competition rounds) and non-competitive episodes (the period just after the competition round). The results in this study show that there ...
  • Model Gender Interacts With Expressed Emotion to Enhance Startle: Angry Male and Happy Female Faces Produce the Greatest Potentiation 

    Åsli, Ole; Øvervoll, Morten (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-09)
    Several studies have implied gender differences in startle reaction to emotional facial expressions. However, few studies have been designed to investigate the difference between responding to emotional female vs. male faces, nor gender differences in responses. The present experiment investigated startle EMG responses to a startle probe while viewing pictures of neutral, happy, angry, fearful, and ...
  • Can HRV Biofeedback Improve Short-Term Effort Recovery? Implications for Intermittent Load Sports 

    Perez-Gaido, Mauro; Lalanza, Jaume F; Parrado, Eva; Capdevila, Lluis (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-05)
    As intensity and physical demands continue to rise in sport competition, faster and better recovery becomes essential. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of HRV biofeedback (HRVB) while recovering from a submaximal aerobic exercise. Ten physically-active graduate students participated in the study, which was conducted in four sessions: exercise with free-breathing recovery, first ...
  • The Cafeteria Diet: a standardized protocol and its effects on behavior 

    Lalanza, Jaume F; Snoeren, Eelke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-10)
    Obesity is a major health risk, with junk food consumption playing a central role in weight gain, because of its high palatability and high-energy nutrients. The Cafeteria (CAF) diet model for animal experiments consists of the same tasty but unhealthy food products that people eat (e.g. hot dogs and muffins), and considers variety, novelty and secondary food features, such as smell and texture. ...
  • Probing the neural signature of mind wandering with simultaneous fMRI-EEG and pupillometry 

    Groot, Josephine Maria; Boayue, Nya Mehnwolo; Csifcsak, Gabor; Boekel, Wouter; Huster, Rene; Forstmann, Birte U; Mittner, Matthias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-01)
    Mind wandering reflects the shift in attentional focus from task-related cognition driven by external stimuli toward self-generated and internally-oriented thought processes. Although such task-unrelated thoughts (TUTs) are pervasive and detrimental to task performance, their underlying neural mechanisms are only modestly understood. To investigate TUTs with high spatial and temporal precision, we ...
  • Amyloid plaques and symptoms of depression links to medical help-seeking due to subjective cognitive decline 

    Espenes, Ragna; Kirsebom, Bjørn-Eivind; Eriksson, Cecilia Magdalena; Waterloo, Knut K; Hessen, Erik; Johnsen, Stein Harald; Selnes, Per; Fladby, Tormod (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-02)
    <i>Background:</i> Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) is associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, patients reporting SCD to their general practitioner are not always referred to a memory clinic.<p> <p><i>Objective:</i> To investigate whether prior history of medical help-seeking is associated with AD biomarker abnormality, worse cognitive performance, and/or depressive ...
  • Cerebral cortical thickness and surface area in adolescent anorexia nervosa: Separate and joint analyses with a permutation-based nonparametric method 

    Myrvang, Anna Dahl; Vangberg, Torgil Riise; Stedal, Kristin; Rø, Øyvind; Endestad, Tor; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Aslaksen, Per M (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-17)
    <i>Objective</i> - Reduction in cerebral volume is often found in underweight patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), but few studies have investigated other morphological measures. Cortical thickness (CTh) and surface area (CSA), often used to produce the measure of cortical volume, are developmentally distinct measures that may be differentially affected in AN, particularly in the developing brain. ...
  • Does she comfort the victim whilst he punishes the perpetrator? No gender differences in anonymous economic games across 11 nations. 

    Dorrough, Angela R.; Olsson, Maria; Froehlich, Laura; Gloeckner, Andreas; Martiny, Sarah E. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-26)
    Social role theory posits that occupational gender roles give rise to gender differences in behavior, such that men and women engage in qualitatively different prosocial behaviors. Therefore, we expected that women who observed an unfair situation (involving a victim and a perpetrator) would respond by demonstrating communal prosocial behavior (by compensating the victim), whereas men would respond ...
  • Sleep problems and worrying precede psychotic symptoms during an online intervention for psychosis 

    Lüdtke, Thies; Pfuhl, Gerit; Moritz, Steffen; Ruegg, Nina; Berger, Thomas; Westermann, Stefan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-10)
    <p><i>Objective - </i>Experience sampling assessments (multiple assessments per day for approximately one week) indicate that positive symptoms fluctuate over time in psychosis. Precursors, such as sleep problems or worrying, predict these fluctuations. To date, it remains unclear whether the same precursors predict symptom variability also during treatment in an online intervention for psychosis, ...
  • The relationship between resilience and loneliness elucidated by a Danish version of the resilience scale for adults 

    Jakobsen, Ida Skytte; Madsen, Lykke Mie Riis; Mau, Martin; Hjemdal, Odin; Friborg, Oddgeir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2020-12-10)
    <i>Background</i>: Research on the relationship between resilience and loneliness is sparse. The construct of resilience has been conceptualized in multiple ways, including the measurement of resilience. The Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) is a measure of protective factors. The present study examined whether resiliency moderates any negative relationship between loneliness and mental health and ...
  • Exploration of plasma lipids in mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer's disease 

    Bergland, Anne Katrine; Proitsi, Petroula; Kirsebom, Bjørn-Eivind; Sønnesyn, Hogne; Hye, Abdul; Larsen, Alf Inge; Xu, Jin; Legido-Quigley, Cristina; Rajendran, Lawrence; Fladby, Tormod; Aarsland, Dag (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-29)
    <p><i>Background: </i>Lipids have important structural roles in cell membranes and changes to these membrane lipids may influence β- and γ-secretase activities and thus contribute to Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathology. <p><i>Objective:</i> To explore baseline plasma lipid profiling in participants with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) with and without AD pathology. <p><i>Methods: </i>We identified ...
  • Mindfulness Mediates the Effect of a Psychological Online Intervention for Psychosis on Self-Reported Hallucinations: A Secondary Analysis of Voice Hearers From the EviBaS Trial 

    Lüdtke, Thies; Platow-Kohlschein, Heike; Rüegg, Nina; Berger, Thomas; Moritz, Steffen; Westermann, Stefan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-03)
    <i>Background</i>: Psychological online interventions (POIs) could represent a promising approach to narrow the treatment gap in psychosis but it remains unclear whether improving mindfulness functions as a mechanism of change in POIs. For the present study, we examined if mindfulness mediates the effect of a comprehensive POI on distressing (auditory) hallucinations.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: We ...
  • Speech acts addressed to Hadza infants in Tanzania: Cross-cultural comparison, speaker age, and camp livelihood 

    Abels, Monika; Kilale, Andrew Martin; Vogt, Paul (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-20)
    This study deals with speech acts addressed to Hadza infants in Tanzania, a group that has traditionally lived off hunting and gathering. Three research questions are addressed: How do Hadza speech acts compare with those found in previous studies in other cultures? Are there differences between child and adult speakers? And do speech acts differ with camp livelihood patterns? Speech acts are seen ...
  • Triadic interaction and gestural communication: Hierarchical and child-centered interactions of rural and urban gujarati (Indian) caregivers and 9-month-old infants 

    Abels, Monika (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-23)
    In this study 9-month-old infants in rural and urban Gujarat, India were compared in how frequently and in which way they engage in triadic interactions. It was assumed that urban caregivers would engage in a child-centered interaction style, frequently creating triadic interactions and following infants’ signals. It was also expected that they would engage in more gestural communication in line ...

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