Viser treff 1-20 av 187

    • The Role of Estrogen Receptor β (ERβ) in the Establishment of Hierarchical Social Relationships in Male Mice 

      Nakata, Mariko; Ågmo, Anders j; Satoshi, Shoko; Ogawa, Sonoko (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-22)
      Acquisition of social dominance is important for social species including mice, for preferential access to foods and mates. Male mice establish social rank through agonistic behaviors, which are regulated by gonadal steroid hormone, testosterone, as its original form and aromatized form. It is well known that estrogen receptors (ERs), particularly ER α (ERα), mediate effects of aromatized testosterone, ...
    • Hospitals implementing changes in law to protect children of ill parents: A cross-sectional study 

      Skogøy, Bjørg Eva; Sørgaard, Knut W.; Maybery, Darryl; Ruud, Torleif; Stavnes, Kristin Anne; Kufås, Elin; Peck, Gro Christensen; Thorsen, Eivind; Lindstrøm, Jonas Christoffer; Ogden, Terje (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-06)
      <i>Background</i>: Norway is one of the first countries to require all health professionals to play a part in prevention for children of parents with all kinds of illnesses (mental illness, drug addiction, or severe physical illness or injury) in order to mitigate their increased risk of psychosocial problems. Hospitals are required to have child responsible personnel (CRP) to promote and ...
    • Social identity threat in interpersonal relationships: Activating negative stereotypes decreases social approach motivation 

      Martiny, Sarah E.; Nikitin, Jana (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-15)
      Research has shown that social identity threat can have a broad variety of negative consequences. However, not much is known about the consequences of social identity threat on interpersonal relationships. In the present research, we hypothesize that experiencing social identity threat decreases people’s social approach motivation toward other people related to the stereotyped domain. Specifically, ...
    • Effects of age and working memory load on syntactic processing: An event-related potential study 

      Alatorre-Cruz, Graciela C; Silva-Pereyra, Juan; Fernandez, Thalia; Rodriguez-Camacho, Mario A; Castro Chavira, Susana Angelica; Sanchez-Lopez, Javier (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-04)
      Cognitive changes in aging include working memory (WM) decline, which may hamper language comprehension. An increase in WM demands in older adults would probably provoke a poorer sentence processing performance in this age group. A way to increase the WM load is to separate two lexical units in an agreement relation (i.e., adjective and noun), in a given sentence. To test this hypothesis, event-related ...
    • A randomized controlled trial on a smartphone self-help application (Be Good to Yourself) to reduce depressive symptoms 

      Lüdtke, Thies; Pult, Lilian Klara; Schröder, Johanna; Moritz, Steffen; Bücker, Lara (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-29)
      Depressive symptoms are common, yet only a subgroup of individuals receive adequate treatment. To reduce the treatment gap, several online self-help programs have been developed, yielding small to moderate effects. We developed a smartphone self-help application addressing depressive symptoms. We sought to evaluate its feasibility and efficacy in participants reporting a subjective need for help (a ...
    • Examining Procrastination across Multiple Goal Stages: A Longitudinal Study of Temporal Motivation Theory 

      Steel, Piers; Svartdal, Frode; Thundiyi, T.; Brothen, T. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-03)
      Procrastination is among the most common of motivational failures, putting off despite expecting to be worse off. We examine this dynamic phenomenon in a detailed and realistic longitudinal design (Study 1) as well as in a large correlational data set (N = 7400; Study 2). The results are largely consistent with temporal motivation theory. People’s pacing style reflects a hyperbolic curve, with the ...
    • High levels of incidental physical activity are positively associated with cognition and EEG activity in aging 

      Sanchez-Lopez, Javier; Silva-Pereyra, Juan; Fernandez, Thalia; Alatorre-Cruz, Graciela C; Castro Chavira, Susana Angelica; Gonzalez-Lopez, Mauricio; Sanchez-Moguel, Sergio M (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-25)
      High levels of physical activity seem to positively influence health and cognition across the lifespan. Several studies have found that aerobic exercise enhances cognition and likely prevents cognitive decline in the elderly. Nevertheless, the association of incidental physical activity (IPA) with health and cognition during aging has not been studied. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
    • Do mothers also "manipulate" grandparental care? 

      Busch, Mari Veierud; Olaisen, Sandra; Bruksås, Ina Jeanette; Folstad, Ivar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-15)
      Paternity uncertainty has proven to be a robust ultimate hypothesis for predicting the higher investment in grandchildren observed among maternal grandparents compared to that of the paternal grandparents. Yet the proximate mechanisms for generating such preferred biases in grandparental investment remain unclear. Here we address two different questions for better understanding the proximate mechanisms ...
    • Skiing and thinking about it: Moment-to-moment and retrospective analysis of emotions in an extreme sport 

      Hetland, Audun; Vittersø, Joar; Bø Wie, Simen Oscar; Kjelstrup, Eirik Refsnes; Mittner, Matthias; Dahl, Tove Irene (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-20)
      Happiness is typically reported as an important reason for participating in challenging activities like extreme sport. While in the middle of the activity, however, participants do not seem particularly happy. So where does the happiness come from? The article proposes some answers from a study of facially expressed emotions measured moment-by-moment during a backcountry skiing event. Self-reported ...
    • A variation of the social context in the warm-up period influences 18-month-olds’ imitation 

      Kim, Ziyon; Óturai, Gabriella; Király, Ildikó; Hirte, Monika; Knopf, Monika (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-06)
      The present study aimed to investigate how the prior social disposition of a model in a warm-up period influences 18-month-old infants’ subsequent imitation. Infants were randomly assigned to an interactive and social warm-up period (<i>n</i> = 19) or a non-interactive and non-social warm-up period (<i>n</i> = 19) with the model prior to the imitation task. They then participated in an imitation ...
    • Head models of healthy and depressed adults for simulating the electric fields of non-invasive electric brain stimulation [version 2; referees: 2 approved] 

      Boayue, Nya Mehnwolo; Csifcsak, Gabor; Puonti, Oula; Thielscher, Axel; Mittner, Matthias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-06)
      During the past decade, it became clear that the electric field elicited by non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) are substantially influenced by variations in individual head and brain anatomy. In addition to structural variations in the healthy, several psychiatric disorders are characterized ...
    • When Life Happens: Investigating Short and Long-Term Effects of Life Stressors on Life Satisfaction in a Large Sample of Norwegian Mothers 

      Dyrdal, Gunvor Marie; Røysamb, Espen; Nes, Ragnhild Bang; Vittersø, Joar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-25)
      The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of major life stressors on the short and long-term life satisfaction (LS) of Norwegian mothers using data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort study (MoBa, N = 46,342). Data on LS were collected at T1 (6 months postpartum) and T3 (36 months postpartum), and data on life stressors at T2 (18 months postpartum) and T3. Altogether, 24,216 ...
    • An internet-based intervention for people with psychosis (EviBaS): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial 

      Ruegg, Nina; Moritz, Steffen; Berger, Thomas; Lüdtke, Thies; Westermann, Stefan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-13)
      <p><i>Background</i>: Evidence shows that internet-based self-help interventions are effective in reducing symptoms for a wide range of mental disorders. To date, online interventions treating psychotic disorders have been scarce, even though psychosis is among the most burdensome disorders worldwide. Furthermore, the implementation of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for psychosis in routine ...
    • Deliberate reasoning is not affected by language 

      Mækelæ, Martin Jensen; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-31)
      <p><i>Background</i>: Millions of people use a second language every day. Does this have an effect on their decision-making? Are decisions in a second language more deliberate? Two mechanisms have been proposed: reduced emotionality or increased deliberation. Most studies so far used problems where both mechanisms could contribute to a foreign language effect. Here, we aimed to identify whether ...
    • Treatment effects on compulsive exercise and physical activity in eating disorders 

      Mathisen, Therese Fostervold; Bratland-Sanda, Solfrid; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Friborg, Oddgeir; Pettersen, Gunn; Vrabel, Kari-Anne; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-13)
      Background:<br> Dysfunctional thoughts- and use of physical activity (PA) are core symptoms of the eating disorders (ED) bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED). The compulsive desire for PA complicates a favourable treatment outcome; hence, regular, adapted PA led by personnel with competence in exercise science is rarely part of treatment of BN and BED. The present study compared ...
    • Justify your alpha 

      Lakens, Daniel; Adolfi, Federico G; Albers, Casper J; Anvari, Farid; Apps, M A J; Argamon, Shlomo E; Baguley, Thom; Becker, Raymond B; Benning, Stephen D; Bradford, D E; Buchanan, Erin M; Caldwell, Aaron R; Calster, Ben van; Carlsson, Rickard; Chen, Sau-Chin; Chung, Bryan; Colling, Lincoln J; Collins, G S; Crook, Zander; Cross, Emily S; Daniels, Sameera; Danielsson, Henrik; DeBruine, Lisa; Dunleavy, Daniel J; Earp, Brian D; Feist, Michele I; Ferrell, Jason D; Field, James G; Fox, Nicholas W; Friesen, Amanda; Gomes, Caio; Gonzalez-Marquez, Monica; Grange, James A; Grieve, Andrew P; Guggenberger, Robert; Grist, James; van Harmelen, Anne-Laura; Hasselman, Fred; Hochard, Kevin D; Hoffarth, Mark R; Holmes, Nicholas; Ingre, Michael; Isager, Peder Mortvedt; Isotalus, Hanna K; Johansson, Christer; Juszczyk, Konrad; Kenny, David; Khalil, Ahmed; Konat, Barbara; Lao, Junpeng; Larsen, Erik Gahner; Lodder, Gerine M A; Lukavsky, Jiri; Madan, Christopher R; Manheim, David; Martin, Stephen R.; Martin, Andrea E; Mayo, Deborah G; McCarthy, Randy; McConway, Kevin; McFarland, Colin; Nio, Amanda Q X; Nilsonne, Gustav; de Oliveira, Cilene Lino; de Xivry, Jean-Jacques Orban; Parsons, Sam; Pfuhl, Gerit; Quinn, Kimberly A; Sakon, John J; Saribay, S Adil; Schneider, Iris K; Selvaraju, Manojkumar; Sjoerds, Zsuzsika; Smith, Samuel G; Smits, Tim; Spies, Jeffrey R; Sreekumar, Vishnu; Steltenpohl, Crystal N; Stenhouse, Neil; Swiatkowski, Wojciech; Vadillo, Miguel A; Van Assen, Marcel A. L. M.; Williams, Matt; Williams, Samantha E; Williams, Donald R.; Yarkoni, Tal; Ziano, Ignazio; Zwaan, Rolf A (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-26)
      In response to recommendations to redefine statistical significance to p ≤ .005, we propose that researchers should transparently report and justify all choices they make when designing a study, including the alpha level.
    • Effects of cognitive behavior therapy on eating behaviors, affective symptoms, and weight loss after bariatric surgery: a randomized clinical trial 

      Hjelmesæth, Jøran; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Gade, Hege; Friborg, Oddgeir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-15)
      <p><i>Background</i>: The long-term effects of presurgical psychological interventions on weight loss, eating behaviors, affective symptoms, and health-related quality of life remain uncertain. This study aimed to assess the 4-year effects of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) before bariatric surgery on these outcomes.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: Single-center randomized controlled parallel-group ...
    • Managing Risk of Non-Communicable Diseases in Women with Bulimia Nervosa or Binge Eating Disorders: A Randomized Trial with 12 Months Follow-Up 

      Mathisen, Therese Fostervold; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Bratland-Sanda, Solfrid (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-03)
      Persons with bulimia nervosa (BN) or binge eating disorder (BED) have an elevated risk of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). However, lowering this risk is rarely addressed in standard cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT). We aimed to compare CBT with an intervention combining physical exercise and dietary therapy (PED-t), and hypothesized that the PED-t would do better than CBT in lowering the risk ...
    • Stereotype threat in sport: Recommendations for applied practice and research 

      Smith, Daniel; Martiny, Sarah E. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12)
      Stereotype-threat theory holds that activation of a negative stereotype has a harmful effect on performance in cognitive and motor domains. This paper provides a literature review of stereotype-threat research in the motor domain followed by recommendations for sport psychology practitioners. The review discusses the most widespread stereotypes that exist in sport, the effects of stereotype activation ...
    • Action-associated modulation of visual event-related potentials evoked by abstract and ecological stimuli 

      Csifcsak, Gabor; Balla, Viktoria Roxana; Dalos, Vera Daniella; Kilencz, Tunde; Biro, Edit Magdolna; Urban, Gabor; Szaloki, Szilvia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2018-09-19)
      This study investigated the influence of action‐associated predictive processes on visual ERPs. In two experiments, we sought evidence for sensory attenuation (SA) indexed by ERP amplitude reductions for self‐induced stimuli when compared to passive viewing of the same images. We assessed if SA is (a) present for both ecological and abstract stimuli (pictures depicting hands or checkerboards), (b) ...