Now showing items 1-20 of 195

    • Acculturation : early political and social science conceptions 

      Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Preprint; Manuskript, 2003-10)
    • Acculturation alchemy : how miscitations make biculturalism appear beneficial 

      Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2007)
    • Action-associated modulation of visual event-related potentials evoked by abstract and ecological stimuli 

      Csifcsak, Gabor; Balla, Viktoria Roxana; Dalos, Vera Daniella; Kilencz, Tunde; Biro, Edit Magdolna; Urban, Gabor; Szaloki, Szilvia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2018-09-19)
      This study investigated the influence of action‐associated predictive processes on visual ERPs. In two experiments, we sought evidence for sensory attenuation (SA) indexed by ERP amplitude reductions for self‐induced stimuli when compared to passive viewing of the same images. We assessed if SA is (a) present for both ecological and abstract stimuli (pictures depicting hands or checkerboards), (b) ...
    • Adolescent health and adaptation in Canada: Examination of gender and age aspects of the healthy immigrant effect 

      Kwak, Kyunghwa; Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-11-14)
      Introduction A longstanding and widely held assumption is that immigrants suffer from ill health and adaptation problems. Yet recent studies show that immigrants report the same or better state of health compared to their native-born counterparts. This phenomenon, known as the healthy immigrant effect, has been found in studies of specific health conditions of adults. The present study focuses instead ...
    • Analyzing buyer behavior when selecting green criteria in public procurement 

      Igarashi, Mieko; De Boer, Luitzen; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Given the complexity of green public procurement, decisions are likely to be driven by bounded rationality. However, we know little about what determines supplier selection criteria in any given situation. This study explores buyer behavior when considering environmental criteria. We first conducted interviews and identified 12 operational procedures used by buyers. We then developed a survey to ...
    • Are adolescent elite athletes less psychologically distressed than controls? A cross-sectional study of 966 Norwegian adolescents 

      Rosenvinge, Jan H; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Pettersen, Gunn; Martinsen, Marianne; Stornæs, Annett Victoria; Pensgaard, Anne Marte (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-16)
      <p><i>Introduction</i>: Psychological distress is increasing among adolescents and clusters with other mental health problems such as eating problems. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of psychological distress among young elite athletes and age-matched controls and whether prevalence figures may be attributed to perfectionism and eating problems.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: ...
    • Are psychotic experiences related to poorer reflective reasoning? 

      Mækelæ, Martin Jensen; Moritz, Steffen; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-12)
      <p><i>Background</i>: Cognitive biases play an important role in the formation and maintenance of delusions. These biases are indicators of a weak reflective mind, or reduced engaging in reflective and deliberate reasoning. In three experiments, we tested whether a bias to accept non-sense statements as profound, treat metaphorical statements as literal, and suppress intuitive responses is related ...
    • Assessment of sexual behavior in rats: the potentials and pitfalls 

      Heijkoop, Roy; Huijgens, Patty Thalia; Snoeren, Eelke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-27)
      In the field of behavioral neuroscience, it is essential to use the appropriate animal models for the topic of investigation. Using the wrong model can result in false interpretation of the results. In this review we will discuss the animal models used to study sexual behavior, with a focus on rats. We will discuss the potentials and pitfalls of the different paradigms and try to make recommendations ...
    • Association-based Concealed Information Test: A Novel Reaction Time-Based Deception Detection Method 

      Lukacs, Gaspar; Bartosz, Gula; Szegedi-Hallgato, Emese; Csifcsak, Gabor (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2017-07-15)
      In recent years, numerous studies were published on the reaction time (RT)-based Concealed Information Test (CIT). However, an important limitation of the CIT is the reliance on the recognition of the probe item, and therefore the limited applicability when an innocent person is aware of this item. In the present paper, we introduce an RT-based CIT that is based on item-category associations: ...
    • Bare noen bokstaver? 

      Gorecka, Marta Maria (Chronicle; Kronikk, 2015)
    • A Bayesian perspective on delusions: Suggestions for modifying two reasoning tasks 

      Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-08)
      Background and objectives:<br>There are a range of mechanistic explanations on the formation and maintenance of delusions. Within the Bayesian brain hypothesis, particularly within the framework of predictive coding models, delusions are seen as an aberrant inference process characterized by either a failure in sensory attenuation or an aberrant weighting of prior experience. Testing of these ...
    • Behavioral responses to emotional challenges in female rats living in a seminatural environment: The role of estrogen receptors 

      Le Moene, Olivia; Ågmo, Anders j (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2018-11-06)
      Estrogen receptors (ERs) are involved in sexual as well as non-sexual behaviors. In the present study we assessed the effects of stimuli inducing positive or negative affect on sociosexual, exploratory and fear-related behaviors of female rats housed in groups (4 females, 3 males) in a seminatural environment. Ovariectomized females were treated with oil, 17β‑estradiol benzoate (EB, 18 μg/kg), the ...
    • Body composition and physical fitness in women with bulimia nervosa or binge-eating disorder. 

      Mathisen, Therese Fostervold; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Friborg, Oddgeir; Pettersen, Gunn; Stensrud, Trine; Hansen, Bjørge Hermann; Underhaug, Karoline; Teinung, Elisabeth; Vrabel, KariAnne; Svendsen, Mette; Bratland-Sanda, Solfrid; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-23)
      <p><i>Objective</i>: Knowledge about physical fitness in women with bulimia nervosa (BN) or binge‐eating disorder (BED) is sparse. Previous studies have measured physical activity largely through self‐report, and physical fitness variables are mainly restricted to body mass index (BMI) and bone mineral density. We expanded the current knowledge in these groups by including a wider range of physical ...
    • Bullying Among Hospital Staff : Use of Psychometric Triage to Identify Intervention Priorities 

      Eriksen, Geir Steinar; Nygren, Ivan; Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Survey of workplace bullying in a Norwegian hospital found that 10% of nurses, therapists, and physicians (N=440) had witnessed bullying. Negative Acts Questionnaire (NAQ) scores were low, Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) scores were positive, and Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ) scores were neutral. NAQ scores and having witnessed bullying both predicted low MSQ scores, ...
    • The Category-Focus Implicit Association Test 

      Siebler, Frank; González, Roberto; Ordóñez, Gabriela; Bohner, Gerd; Haye, Andrés; Sirlopú, David; Millar, Andres; De Tezanos-Pinto, Pablo; Torres, David (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010)
    • The Clinical Effectiveness of Web-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy With Face-to-Face Therapist Support for Depressed Primary Care Patients: Randomized Controlled Trial 

      Høifødt, Ragnhild Sørensen; Lillevoll, Kjersti; Griffiths, Kathleen M; Wilsgaard, Tom; Eisemann, Martin; Waterloo, Knut; Kolstrup, Nils (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-08-05)
    • Co-occurrence of avoidant personality disorder and child sexual abuse predicts poor outcome in longstanding eating disorders 

      Rosenvinge, Jan H.; Vrabel, KariAnne R.; Hoffart, Asle; Rø, Øyvind; Martinsen, Egil W. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009-12-16)
      Few consistent predictive factors for eating disorder have been identified across studies. In the current five year prospective study, the objective was to examine whether (1) personality disorder and child sexual abuse predict the course of severity of eating disorder symptoms after inpatient treatment and (2) how the predictors interact. A total of 74 patients with long standing eating disorder ...
    • The coming PIN code epidemic: A survey study of memory of numeric security codes 

      Rasmussen, Martin; Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      Most people must remember various numeric passwords, security codes and PIN numbers for banking, credit cards, debit cards, online accounts, mobile phones, door locks, luggage locks, etc. One pilot study (N=13) developed a list of eleven strategies for remembering numeric codes, and another (N=15) optimized the research questionnaire which asked respondents about a) the number of security codes they ...
    • Communicating public avalanche warnings – what works? 

      Engeset, Rune; Pfuhl, Gerit; Landrø, Markus; Mannberg, Andrea; Hetland, Audun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-20)
      Like many other mountainous countries, Norway has experienced a rapid increase in both recreational winter activities and fatalities in avalanche terrain during the past few decades: during the decade 2008–2017, 64 recreational avalanche fatalities were recorded in Norway. This is a 106% increase from that of the previous decade. In 2013, Norway therefore launched the National Avalanche Warning ...
    • Comorbidity of personality disorders in anxiety disorders : a meta-analysis of 30 years of research 

      Friborg, Oddgeir; Martinussen, Monica; Kaiser, Sabine; Øvergård, Karl-Tore; Rosenvinge, Jan H (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Background. A comprehensive meta-analysis to identify the proportions of comorbid personality disorders (PD) across the major subtypes of anxiety disorders (AD) has not previously been published. Methods. A literature search identified 125 empirical papers from the period 1980-2010 on patients with panic disorders, social phobia, generalised anxiety, obsessive-compulsive (OCD) and post-traumatic ...