Now showing items 1-20 of 416

    • Aberrant salience predicts fluctuations of paranoia two weeks in advance during a 1-year experience sampling method study in people with psychosis 

      Luedtke, Thies; Moritz, Steffen; Westermann, Stefan; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-03)
      The Experience Sampling Method (ESM) has improved our understanding of psychosis considerably (Myin-Germeys et al., 2018). Not only has ESM shed light on the moment-to-moment variability of psychotic symptoms, it has equally helped to identify micro-level precursor variables that forecast symptom exacerbations a couple of hours in advance. Among others, established ESM-derived precursors are negative ...
    • Academic Self-Efficacy, Procrastination, and Attrition Intentions 

      Nemtcan, Efim; Sæle, Rannveig Grøm; Gamst-Klaussen, Thor; Svartdal, Frode (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-24)
      Why do students leave universities? The current study addresses the problem of academic attrition from the perspective of students’ intentions. Specifically, we focus on the roles of academic self-efficacy and procrastination in exploring their relationships with attrition intentions. Based on existing research, we expected a negative relationship between academic self-efficacy and attrition ...
    • Acculturation : early political and social science conceptions 

      Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Preprint; Manuskript, 2003-10)
    • Acculturation alchemy : how miscitations make biculturalism appear beneficial 

      Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2007)
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    • Acquiring sub-efficient and efficient variants of novel means by integrating information from multiple social models in preschoolers 

      Altınok, Nazlı; Hernik, Mikołaj; Király, Ildikó; Gergely, György (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-08)
      Sub-efficient action routines often represent culture-specific conventional forms of actions that belong to the repertoire of cultural knowledge shared by a social group. Children readily acquire such sub-efficient routines from social demonstrations and often preserve them in their action repertoire despite encountering more efficient alternatives. This suggests that they can treat sub-efficient ...
    • Action-associated modulation of visual event-related potentials evoked by abstract and ecological stimuli 

      Csifcsak, Gabor; Balla, Viktoria Roxana; Dalos, Vera Daniella; Kilencz, Tunde; Biro, Edit Magdolna; Urban, Gabor; Szaloki, Szilvia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2018-09-19)
      This study investigated the influence of action‐associated predictive processes on visual ERPs. In two experiments, we sought evidence for sensory attenuation (SA) indexed by ERP amplitude reductions for self‐induced stimuli when compared to passive viewing of the same images. We assessed if SA is (a) present for both ecological and abstract stimuli (pictures depicting hands or checkerboards), (b) ...
    • Adolescent health and adaptation in Canada: Examination of gender and age aspects of the healthy immigrant effect 

      Kwak, Kyunghwa; Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-11-14)
      Introduction A longstanding and widely held assumption is that immigrants suffer from ill health and adaptation problems. Yet recent studies show that immigrants report the same or better state of health compared to their native-born counterparts. This phenomenon, known as the healthy immigrant effect, has been found in studies of specific health conditions of adults. The present study focuses instead ...
    • Adult attachment style and maternal-infant bonding: the indirect path of parenting stress 

      Nordahl, Dag; Rognmo, Kamilla; Bohne, Agnes; Landsem, Inger Pauline; Moe, Vibeke; Wang, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson; Høifødt, Ragnhild Sørensen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-08)
      <i>Background</i> - The quality of maternal-infant bonding is related to important child outcomes. The literature has assumed that the ability to form relationships is a relatively stable trait, and research studies have suggested that a mother’s attachment style in close adult relationships is related to mother-infant bonding. The transition to parenthood is also often stressful, and the adult ...
    • Adult attachment style and maternal-infant bonding: the indirect path of parenting stress 

      Nordahl, Dag; Rognmo, Kamilla; Bohne, Agnes; Landsem, Inger Pauline; Moe, Vibeke; Wang, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson; Høifødt, Ragnhild Sørensen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-08)
      <i>Background</i> - The quality of maternal-infant bonding is related to important child outcomes. The literature has assumed that the ability to form relationships is a relatively stable trait, and research studies have suggested that a mother’s attachment style in close adult relationships is related to mother-infant bonding. The transition to parenthood is also often stressful, and the adult ...
    • Age-dependent effects of protein restriction on dopamine release 

      Naneix, Fabien; Peters, Kate Z.; Young, Andrew J.; McCutcheon, James Edgar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-31)
      Despite the essential role of protein intake for health and development, very little is known about the impact of protein restriction on neurobiological functions, especially at different stages of the lifespan. The dopamine system is a central actor in the integration of food-related processes and is influenced by physiological state and food-related signals. Moreover, it is highly sensitive to ...
    • Age-related differences in self-report and objective measures of cognitive function in older patients prior to chemotherapy 

      Utne, Inger; Løyland, Borghild; Grov, Ellen Karine; Rasmussen, Hege Lund; Torstveit, Ann Helen; Paul, Steven M.; Lindemann, Kristina Yvonne Kathe; Vistad, Ingvild; Rodriguez-Aranda, Claudia; Miaskowski, Christine; Ritchie, Christine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-08)
      Aim: Evaluate for differences in demographic and clinical characteristics and subjective and objective measures of cognitive function (CF) between younger older adults (YOA, 60–69 years) and older adults (OA, ≥70 years). Design: Cross-sectional.<p> <p>Methods: Older oncology patients (n = 139) completed subjective (Attentional Function Index, European Organization for the Research and Treatment ...
    • Alcohol consumption among older adults with symptoms of cognitive decline consulting specialist health care 

      Kamsvaag, Ben; Bergh, Sverre; Benth, Jurate Saltyte; Selbæk, Geir; Tevik, Kjerstin Elisabeth; Helvik, Anne-Sofie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-29)
      <p>Objectives: To explore alcohol consumption among older Norwegian adults with symptoms of cognitive decline, assess the agreement between the reports of older adults and their next of kin regarding a person’s alcohol consumption, and explore clinical and sociodemographic variables associated with agreement. <p>Method: Alcohol consumption was measured among 3608 older adults consulting specialist ...
    • Allmennlegers erfaringer med spiseforstyrrelser 

      Aalmen, Mia Holtet; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Holund, Andreas; Pettersen, Gunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-15)
      <i>BAKGRUNN</i> - Allmennlegen spiller en nøkkelrolle i å utrede, diagnostisere og behandle spiseforstyrrelser. Denne rollen utfordres av kliniske særtrekk ved pasientgruppen, legenes arbeidshverdag og samarbeidsforhold med spesialisthelsetjenesten. Hensikten med denne studien var å få mer kunnskap om hvordan allmennleger møter slike utfordringer.<p> <p><i>MATERIALE OG METODE</i> - Fem allmennleger ...
    • Altered functional connectivity in adolescent anorexia nervosa is related to age and cortical thickness 

      Myrvang, Anna Dahl; Vangberg, Torgil R.; Linnman, Clas; Stedal, Kristin; Rø, Øyvind; Endestad, Tor; Rosenvinge, Jan H.; Aslaksen, Per M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-06)
      Introduction - Functional networks develop throughout adolescence when anorexia nervosa (AN) normally debuts. In AN, cerebral structural alterations are found in most brain regions and may be related to the observed functional brain changes. Few studies have investigated the functional networks of the brain in adolescent AN patients.. The aim of this explorative study was to investigate multiple ...
    • Amyloid plaques and symptoms of depression links to medical help-seeking due to subjective cognitive decline 

      Espenes, Ragna; Kirsebom, Bjørn-Eivind; Eriksson, Cecilia Magdalena; Waterloo, Knut K; Hessen, Erik; Johnsen, Stein Harald; Selnes, Per; Fladby, Tormod (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-02)
      <i>Background:</i> Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) is associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, patients reporting SCD to their general practitioner are not always referred to a memory clinic.<p> <p><i>Objective:</i> To investigate whether prior history of medical help-seeking is associated with AD biomarker abnormality, worse cognitive performance, and/or depressive ...
    • Analyzing buyer behavior when selecting green criteria in public procurement 

      Igarashi, Mieko; De Boer, Luitzen; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Given the complexity of green public procurement, decisions are likely to be driven by bounded rationality. However, we know little about what determines supplier selection criteria in any given situation. This study explores buyer behavior when considering environmental criteria. We first conducted interviews and identified 12 operational procedures used by buyers. We then developed a survey to ...
    • Are adolescent elite athletes less psychologically distressed than controls? A cross-sectional study of 966 Norwegian adolescents 

      Rosenvinge, Jan H; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Pettersen, Gunn; Martinsen, Marianne; Stornæs, Annett Victoria; Pensgaard, Anne Marte (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-16)
      <p><i>Introduction</i>: Psychological distress is increasing among adolescents and clusters with other mental health problems such as eating problems. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of psychological distress among young elite athletes and age-matched controls and whether prevalence figures may be attributed to perfectionism and eating problems.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: ...
    • Are Parents Less Responsive to Young Children When They Are on Their Phones? A Systematic Naturalistic Observation Study 

      Vanden Abeele, Mariek M. P.; Abels, Monika; Hendrickson, Andrew T. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-04)
      This study examined whether parents are less responsive to their young children (0–5) when they use a phone. We systematically observed 53 parent–child dyads in consultation bureau waiting rooms and playgrounds. Twenty-three parents used their phone at least once during the observation. Across the dyads, we observed parent and child behavior during a total of 1,038 ten-second intervals. Of these ...
    • Are psychotic experiences related to poorer reflective reasoning? 

      Mækelæ, Martin Jensen; Moritz, Steffen; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-12)
      <p><i>Background</i>: Cognitive biases play an important role in the formation and maintenance of delusions. These biases are indicators of a weak reflective mind, or reduced engaging in reflective and deliberate reasoning. In three experiments, we tested whether a bias to accept non-sense statements as profound, treat metaphorical statements as literal, and suppress intuitive responses is related ...
    • Assessing a Sensory-Motor-Cognition Triad in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment With Dichotic Listening While Walking: A Dual-Task Paradigm 

      Gorecka, Marta Maria; Vasylenko, Olena; Waterloo, Knut; Rodriguez-Aranda, Claudia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-11-12)
      A contemporary topic in aging research relates to the significance of cognitive changes proper to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to higher risk of falls and gait deteriorations. The present study addresses this question in the amnestic type of MCI (aMCI) by examining a triad of interrelated comorbidities occurring in the MCI condition: attentional impairments, hearing loss and gait disturbances. ...