Now showing items 1-20 of 349

    • Acculturation : early political and social science conceptions 

      Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Preprint; Manuskript, 2003-10)
    • Acculturation alchemy : how miscitations make biculturalism appear beneficial 

      Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2007)
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    • Acquiring sub-efficient and efficient variants of novel means by integrating information from multiple social models in preschoolers 

      Altınok, Nazlı; Hernik, Mikołaj; Király, Ildikó; Gergely, György (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-08)
      Sub-efficient action routines often represent culture-specific conventional forms of actions that belong to the repertoire of cultural knowledge shared by a social group. Children readily acquire such sub-efficient routines from social demonstrations and often preserve them in their action repertoire despite encountering more efficient alternatives. This suggests that they can treat sub-efficient ...
    • Action-associated modulation of visual event-related potentials evoked by abstract and ecological stimuli 

      Csifcsak, Gabor; Balla, Viktoria Roxana; Dalos, Vera Daniella; Kilencz, Tunde; Biro, Edit Magdolna; Urban, Gabor; Szaloki, Szilvia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2018-09-19)
      This study investigated the influence of action‐associated predictive processes on visual ERPs. In two experiments, we sought evidence for sensory attenuation (SA) indexed by ERP amplitude reductions for self‐induced stimuli when compared to passive viewing of the same images. We assessed if SA is (a) present for both ecological and abstract stimuli (pictures depicting hands or checkerboards), (b) ...
    • Adolescent health and adaptation in Canada: Examination of gender and age aspects of the healthy immigrant effect 

      Kwak, Kyunghwa; Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-11-14)
      Introduction A longstanding and widely held assumption is that immigrants suffer from ill health and adaptation problems. Yet recent studies show that immigrants report the same or better state of health compared to their native-born counterparts. This phenomenon, known as the healthy immigrant effect, has been found in studies of specific health conditions of adults. The present study focuses instead ...
    • Adult attachment style and maternal-infant bonding: the indirect path of parenting stress 

      Nordahl, Dag; Rognmo, Kamilla; Bohne, Agnes; Landsem, Inger Pauline; Moe, Vibeke; Wang, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson; Høifødt, Ragnhild Sørensen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-08)
      <i>Background</i> - The quality of maternal-infant bonding is related to important child outcomes. The literature has assumed that the ability to form relationships is a relatively stable trait, and research studies have suggested that a mother’s attachment style in close adult relationships is related to mother-infant bonding. The transition to parenthood is also often stressful, and the adult ...
    • Adult attachment style and maternal-infant bonding: the indirect path of parenting stress 

      Nordahl, Dag; Rognmo, Kamilla; Bohne, Agnes; Landsem, Inger Pauline; Moe, Vibeke; Wang, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson; Høifødt, Ragnhild Sørensen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-08)
      <i>Background</i> - The quality of maternal-infant bonding is related to important child outcomes. The literature has assumed that the ability to form relationships is a relatively stable trait, and research studies have suggested that a mother’s attachment style in close adult relationships is related to mother-infant bonding. The transition to parenthood is also often stressful, and the adult ...
    • Age-dependent effects of protein restriction on dopamine release 

      Naneix, Fabien; Peters, Kate Z.; Young, Andrew J.; McCutcheon, James Edgar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-31)
      Despite the essential role of protein intake for health and development, very little is known about the impact of protein restriction on neurobiological functions, especially at different stages of the lifespan. The dopamine system is a central actor in the integration of food-related processes and is influenced by physiological state and food-related signals. Moreover, it is highly sensitive to ...
    • Alcohol consumption among older adults with symptoms of cognitive decline consulting specialist health care 

      Kamsvaag, Ben; Bergh, Sverre; Benth, Jurate Saltyte; Selbæk, Geir; Tevik, Kjerstin Elisabeth; Helvik, Anne-Sofie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-29)
      <p>Objectives: To explore alcohol consumption among older Norwegian adults with symptoms of cognitive decline, assess the agreement between the reports of older adults and their next of kin regarding a person’s alcohol consumption, and explore clinical and sociodemographic variables associated with agreement. <p>Method: Alcohol consumption was measured among 3608 older adults consulting specialist ...
    • Allmennlegers erfaringer med spiseforstyrrelser 

      Aalmen, Mia Holtet; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Holund, Andreas; Pettersen, Gunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-15)
      <i>BAKGRUNN</i> - Allmennlegen spiller en nøkkelrolle i å utrede, diagnostisere og behandle spiseforstyrrelser. Denne rollen utfordres av kliniske særtrekk ved pasientgruppen, legenes arbeidshverdag og samarbeidsforhold med spesialisthelsetjenesten. Hensikten med denne studien var å få mer kunnskap om hvordan allmennleger møter slike utfordringer.<p> <p><i>MATERIALE OG METODE</i> - Fem allmennleger ...
    • Amyloid plaques and symptoms of depression links to medical help-seeking due to subjective cognitive decline 

      Espenes, Ragna; Kirsebom, Bjørn-Eivind; Eriksson, Cecilia Magdalena; Waterloo, Knut K; Hessen, Erik; Johnsen, Stein Harald; Selnes, Per; Fladby, Tormod (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-02)
      <i>Background:</i> Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) is associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, patients reporting SCD to their general practitioner are not always referred to a memory clinic.<p> <p><i>Objective:</i> To investigate whether prior history of medical help-seeking is associated with AD biomarker abnormality, worse cognitive performance, and/or depressive ...
    • Analyzing buyer behavior when selecting green criteria in public procurement 

      Igarashi, Mieko; De Boer, Luitzen; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Given the complexity of green public procurement, decisions are likely to be driven by bounded rationality. However, we know little about what determines supplier selection criteria in any given situation. This study explores buyer behavior when considering environmental criteria. We first conducted interviews and identified 12 operational procedures used by buyers. We then developed a survey to ...
    • Are adolescent elite athletes less psychologically distressed than controls? A cross-sectional study of 966 Norwegian adolescents 

      Rosenvinge, Jan H; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Pettersen, Gunn; Martinsen, Marianne; Stornæs, Annett Victoria; Pensgaard, Anne Marte (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-16)
      <p><i>Introduction</i>: Psychological distress is increasing among adolescents and clusters with other mental health problems such as eating problems. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of psychological distress among young elite athletes and age-matched controls and whether prevalence figures may be attributed to perfectionism and eating problems.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: ...
    • Are Parents Less Responsive to Young Children When They Are on Their Phones? A Systematic Naturalistic Observation Study 

      Vanden Abeele, Mariek M. P.; Abels, Monika; Hendrickson, Andrew T. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-04)
      This study examined whether parents are less responsive to their young children (0–5) when they use a phone. We systematically observed 53 parent–child dyads in consultation bureau waiting rooms and playgrounds. Twenty-three parents used their phone at least once during the observation. Across the dyads, we observed parent and child behavior during a total of 1,038 ten-second intervals. Of these ...
    • Are psychotic experiences related to poorer reflective reasoning? 

      Mækelæ, Martin Jensen; Moritz, Steffen; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-12)
      <p><i>Background</i>: Cognitive biases play an important role in the formation and maintenance of delusions. These biases are indicators of a weak reflective mind, or reduced engaging in reflective and deliberate reasoning. In three experiments, we tested whether a bias to accept non-sense statements as profound, treat metaphorical statements as literal, and suppress intuitive responses is related ...
    • Assessment of sexual behavior in rats: the potentials and pitfalls 

      Heijkoop, Roy; Huijgens, Patty Thalia; Snoeren, Eelke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-27)
      In the field of behavioral neuroscience, it is essential to use the appropriate animal models for the topic of investigation. Using the wrong model can result in false interpretation of the results. In this review we will discuss the animal models used to study sexual behavior, with a focus on rats. We will discuss the potentials and pitfalls of the different paradigms and try to make recommendations ...
    • Association-based Concealed Information Test: A Novel Reaction Time-Based Deception Detection Method 

      Lukacs, Gaspar; Bartosz, Gula; Szegedi-Hallgato, Emese; Csifcsak, Gabor (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2017-07-15)
      In recent years, numerous studies were published on the reaction time (RT)-based Concealed Information Test (CIT). However, an important limitation of the CIT is the reliance on the recognition of the probe item, and therefore the limited applicability when an innocent person is aware of this item. In the present paper, we introduce an RT-based CIT that is based on item-category associations: ...
    • Associations between self-compassion and complicated grief symptoms in bereaved individuals: An exploratory study 

      Vara, Helge; Thimm, Jens (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-08)
      Grief is a normal and natural response to the loss of a loved one that is characterized by a broad range of emotional, behavioral, cognitive, and physiological symptoms. For most bereaved, these symptoms abate over time as the individual comes to terms with the loss. However, about 10% of the bereaved experience a persistent and debilitating grief reaction, a condition that has been termed complicated ...
    • Attitudes of mental health providers towards adoption of evidence-based interventions: relationship to work-place, staff roles and social and psychological factors at work 

      Rye, Marte; Friborg, Oddgeir; Skre, Ingunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-08)
      <p><i>Background - </i>Gaining insight into factors influencing the adoption of evidence-based interventions (EBI) is essential to ensuring their sustainability in the mental healthcare setting. This article describes 1) differences between professional staff roles in attitudes towards EBI and 2) individual and organizational predictors of attitudes towards adopting EBI. <p><i>Methods - </i>The ...
    • Attitudes Towards the Use of Routine Outcome Monitoring of Psychological Therapies Among Mental Health Providers: The EBPAS–ROM 

      Rye, Marte; Rognmo, Kamilla; Aarons, Gregory A.; Skre, Ingunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-28)
      Implementation of routine outcome monitoring (ROM) in mental health care is progressing slowly. Knowledge about factors influencing ROM implementation, including health providers’ attitudes towards ROM, is necessary. Based on a survey of 662 psychologists and nurses, this article describes (1) the development of a short instrument measuring provider attitudes towards ROM, derived from the Evidence-based ...