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  • Adult attachment style and maternal-infant bonding: the indirect path of parenting stress 

    Nordahl, Dag; Rognmo, Kamilla; Bohne, Agnes; Landsem, Inger Pauline; Moe, Vibeke; Wang, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson; Høifødt, Ragnhild Sørensen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-08)
    <i>Background</i> - The quality of maternal-infant bonding is related to important child outcomes. The literature has assumed that the ability to form relationships is a relatively stable trait, and research studies have suggested that a mother’s attachment style in close adult relationships is related to mother-infant bonding. The transition to parenthood is also often stressful, and the adult ...
  • Does Religion Matter? Italians' Responses towards Muslim and Christian Arab Immigrants as a function of their Acculturation Preferences 

    Matera, Camilla; Picchiarini, Anna; Olsson, Maria; Brown, Rupert (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-12)
    A 2 × 2 × 2 experiment examined the role of immigrants’ religion and perceived acculturation strategy on majority members’ attitudes. Acculturation strategies were manipulated along the two dimensions of contact and culture maintenance. Italian majority members (N = 247) read fictitious but seemingly real interviews with Arab immigrants, in which the immigrants’ religion (Muslim vs. Christian) and ...
  • Role of Oestrogen α Receptors in Sociosexual Behaviour in Female Rats Housed in a Seminatural Environment 

    Snoeren, Eelke; Antonio-Cabrera, E; Spiteri, Thierry Jean P; Musatov, S; Ogawa, S; Pfaff, DW; Ågmo, Anders j (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-08-28)
    The present study investigated the role of oestrogen receptor (ER)α in the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMN), the preoptic area (POA), the medial amygdala (MePD) and the bed nucleus of stria terminalis (BNST) in sociosexual behaviour in female rats. This was conducted in two sets of experiments, with the VMN and POA investigated in the first set, and the MePD and BNST in the second set. ...
  • Newborn Behavioral Observation, maternal stress, depressive symptoms and the mother-infant relationship: results from the Northern Babies Longitudinal Study (NorBaby) 

    Høifødt, Ragnhild Sørensen; Nordahl, Dag; Landsem, Inger Pauline; Csifcsak, Gabor; Bohne, Agnes; Pfuhl, Gerit; Rognmo, Kamilla; Braarud, Hanne Cecilie; Goksøyr, Arnold Mikal; Moe, Vibeke; Slinning, Kari; Wang, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-15)
    <i>Background</i> - Families can experience the postpartum period as overwhelming and many report a special need for support. The Newborn Behavioral Observation (NBO) aims to promote a positive parent-infant relationship by sensitising parents to the infant’s signals. This article evaluates the NBO as a universal preventive intervention within the regular well-baby clinic service on measures of ...
  • mHealth technology for ecological momentary assessment in physical activity research: a systematic review 

    Zapata-Lamana, Rafael; Lalanza, Jaume F; Losilla, Josep-Maria; Parrado, Eva; Capdevila, Lluis (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-26)
    <p><i>Objective - </i>To systematically review the publications on ecological momentary assessment (EMA) relating to physical activity (PA) behavior in order to classify the methodologies, and to identify the main mHealth technology-based tools and procedures that have been applied during the first 10 years since the emergence of smartphones. As a result of this review, we want to ask if there is ...
  • Impact of the use of electronic health tools on the psychological and emotional well-being of electronic health service users (The Seventh Tromsø Study - Part 3): Population-based questionnaire study 

    Budrionis, Andrius; Wynn, Rolf; Ruiz, Luis Marco; Yigzaw, Kassaye Yitbarek; Bergvik, Svein; Oyeyemi, Sunday Oluwafemi; Bellika, Johan Gustav (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-05)
    <p><i>Background:</i> Electronic health (eHealth) has been described as a silver bullet for addressing how challenges of the current health care system may be solved by technological solutions in future strategies and visions for modern health care. However, the evidence of its effects on service quality and cost effectiveness remains unclear. In addition, patients’ psychological and emotional ...
  • The effect of a knowledge-based intervention on the use of respirators in the Norwegian smelter industry 

    Robertsen, Øystein; Hegseth, Marit Nøst; Føreland, Solveig; Siebler, Frank; Eisemann, Martin; Vangberg, Hans Christian Bones (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-20)
    <i>Introduction</i>: The present study investigated the effect of interventions aiming to improve attitudes toward the use of respiratory protective equipment (RPE), knowledge of RPE and the use of RPE in the Norwegian smelter industry.<p><p> <i>Method</i>: The surveys received 567 respondents to baseline and 240 respondents 2 weeks after the intervention. Participants were invited to either a ...
  • Health warning labels describing snus as less harmful than smoking: effects on perceptions of risk 

    Villemo Nilsen, Connie; Halkjelsvik, Torleif Bjordal; Svartdal, Frode (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-05)
    <i>Background</i> - Using snus (Swedish moist snuff) is less harmful than smoking, but health warning labels (HWLs) on snus products do not reflect this relation. There are few studies on the effects of comparative risk information in snus warning labels. The purpose of this experiment is to examine whether risk perceptions differ after exposure to non-comparative vs. comparative risk information ...
  • Adult attachment style and maternal-infant bonding: the indirect path of parenting stress 

    Nordahl, Dag; Rognmo, Kamilla; Bohne, Agnes; Landsem, Inger Pauline; Moe, Vibeke; Wang, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson; Høifødt, Ragnhild Sørensen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-08)
    <i>Background</i> - The quality of maternal-infant bonding is related to important child outcomes. The literature has assumed that the ability to form relationships is a relatively stable trait, and research studies have suggested that a mother’s attachment style in close adult relationships is related to mother-infant bonding. The transition to parenthood is also often stressful, and the adult ...
  • Filtered beauty in Oslo and Tokyo: A spatial frequency analysis of facial attractiveness 

    Øvervoll, Morten; Schettino, Ilaria; Suzuki, Hikaru; Okubo, Matia; Laeng, Bruno (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-14)
    Images of European female and male faces were digitally processed to generate spatial frequency (SF) filtered images containing only a narrow band of visual information within the Fourier spectrum. The original unfiltered images and four SF filtered images (low, medium-low, medium-high and high) were then paired in trials that kept constant SF band and face gender and participants made a forced-choice ...
  • A randomized controlled trial of a six-session cognitive behavioral treatment of emotional disorders in adolescents 14–17 years old in child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) 

    Lorentzen, Veronica; Fagermo, Kenneth; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Skre, Ingunn; Neumer, Simon-Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-14)
    <i>Background</i> - This study aims to investigate effectiveness of a 6-week, transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety and depression in adolescents, the Structured Material for Therapy (SMART), in naturalistic settings of child and adolescent mental health outpatient services (CAMHS).<p><p> <i>Methods</i> - A randomized controlled trial with waiting list control (WLC) was ...
  • A prospective study on the effect of selfreported health and leisure time physical activity on mortality among an ageing population: results from the Tromsø study 

    Opdal, Ida Marie; Larsen, Lill Sverresdatter; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Schirmer, Henrik; Lorem, Geir F (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-28)
    <i>Background</i> - The prevailing Western ideal of ageing in place, with the option to stay at home as one ages, has led to the development of physical activity guidelines for people of advanced age to increase their quality of life and promote their functional abilities. This study investigates the effect of self-reported health and physical activity on mortality and examines how levels of ...
  • Is change in mental distress among adolescents predicted by sedentary behavior or screen time? Results from the longitudinal population study The Tromsø Study: Fit Futures 

    Opdal, Ida Marie; Morseth, Bente; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Lillevoll, Kjersti; Nilsen, Wendy; Nielsen, Christopher Sivert; Furberg, Anne-Sofie; Rosenbaum, Simon; Rognmo, Kamilla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-12)
    <i>Objective</i> - There is growing interest in the relationship between sedentary behaviour and mental distress among adolescents, but the majority of studies to date have relied on self-reported measures with poor validity. Consequently, current knowledge may be affected by various biases. The aim of this study was to investigate the cross-sectional and longitudinal association between (1) objectively ...
  • Developing a model for measuring fear of pain in Norwegian samples: The Fear of Pain Questionnaire Norway 

    Vambheim, Sara Magelssen; Lyby, Peter Solvoll; Aslaksen, Per M; Flaten, Magne; Åsli, Ole; Bjørkedal, Espen; Martinussen, Laila Marianne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-01)
    <p><i>Background - </i>Fear of pain is highly correlated with pain report and physiological measures of arousal when pain is inflicted. The Fear of Pain Questionnaire III (FPQ-III) and The Fear of Pain Questionnaire Short Form (FPQ-SF) are self-report inventories developed for assessment of fear of pain (FOP). A previous study assessed the fit of the FPQ-III and the FPQ-SF in a Norwegian non-clinical ...
  • Investigating the effect of physiological need states on palatability and motivation using microstructural analysis of licking 

    Naneix, Fabien; Peters, Kate; McCutcheon, James Edgar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-01)
    The study of consummatory responses during food intake represents a unique opportunity to investigate the physiological, psychological and neurobiological processes that control ingestive behavior. Recording the occurrence and temporal organization of individual licks across consumption, also called lickometry, yields a rich data set that can be analyzed to dissect consummatory responses into different ...
  • The role of moderating variables on BOLD fMRI response during semantic verbal fluency and finger tapping in active and educated healthy seniors 

    Rodriguez-Aranda, Claudia; Castro-Chavira, Susana A; Espenes, Ragna; Barrios, Fernando A.; Waterloo, Knut; Vangberg, Torgil Riise (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-05)
    Semantic verbal fluency is among the most employed tasks in cognitive aging research and substantial work is devoted to understanding the underlying mechanisms behind age-related differences at the neural and behavioral levels. The present investigation aimed to evaluate the role of moderating variables, such as age, sex, MMSE, and proxies of cognitive reserve (CR) on the hemodynamic response evoked ...
  • Sammenheng mellom mindset og tankestrategi 

    Gonzalez, Nathalie Zahra (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-09)
    Prefaktiske tanker – tanker om konsekvenser av tenkte handlinger før de utføres – kan være gunstig for å forstå hvordan fremtidige mål kan oppnås. (Epstude, Scholl & Roese, 2016), mens kontrafaktisk tanker – tanker om hva som alternativt kunne skjedd – er funksjonell ved å hjelpe individet med atferdsregulering (Epstude & Roese, 2008). Denne studien undersøker sammenhengen mellom studenters prefaktiske- ...
  • The Moderating Effect of Personality on the Relationship Between Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Depression and Anxiety Among Adolescents: Results From the Tromsø Study – Fit Futures 

    Hembre, Martine Helgesen; Håkonsen, Ellen Asplund (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-08)
    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between physical activity, personality and mental distress in an adolescent sample. We also investigated if the relationship between physical activity and mental distress is dependent on personality. Analyses were based on data from the second wave of the Tromsø study – Fit Futures. An objective measure of physical activity was used, in ...
  • Sykefravær og barrierer mot retur til arbeid. En litteraturgjennomgang av ikke-helseårsakers betydning for sykefravær 

    Fredhammer, Håkon Emil Coucheron (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-02)
    Samtidig som arbeidslivet i Norge preges av høy sysselsetting, høyt utdanningsnivå og god folkehelse, er sykefraværet det høyeste blant OECD-landene. Langtidssykefraværet står for de fleste av sykefraværsdagene, og det er viktig å forstå hvorfor ikke flere kommer tilbake i jobb gjennom dagens sykefraværsordning. Det er gjort mye forskning på både utløsende og opprettholdende helseårsaker til sykefravær, ...
  • Can perinatal SSRI exposure affect sexual behavior later in life? Early Developmental Fluoxetine Exposed Female Rats Observed in a Seminatural Environment 

    Hegstad, Jan (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-02)
    Renewed interests in sexual behavior research stems from human reports of negative symptoms of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). The use of SSRIs, during pregnancy might impact the developing child, due to the drug’s ability to cross the placenta and also be present in breastmilk. Perinatal SSRI exposure thus elevates serotonin levels in the developing brain, during phases where serotonin ...

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