Recent additions

  • Mild cognitive impairment impacts health outcomes of patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing a disease management intervention 

    Ball, Jocasta; Løchen, Maja-Lisa; Carrington, Melinda; Wiley, Joshua F; Stewart, Simon (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-07)
    <p><i>Objective</i>: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is prevalent in atrial fibrillation (AF) and has the potential to contribute to poor outcomes. We investigated the influence of MCI on survival and rehospitalisation in patients with chronic forms of AF undergoing a home-based, AF-specific disease management intervention (home-based intervention (HBI)) or standard management (SM).</p> <p><i>M ...
  • Lower bone mineral density in older female endurance skiers – a cross-sectional, observational study 

    Gulsvik, Anne Kristine; Myrstad, Marius; Landgraff, Ida Wilson; Emaus, Nina; Ranhoff, Anette Hylen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-17)
    <p><i>Background</i>: Physical activity (PA) is generally beneficial for bone health, but the effect of high levels of PA over many years, in older women, is unknown.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: T-score from Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and self-reported baseline characteristics were recorded for 24 female, cross-country-skiing-competitors, aged 68–76 years, from the Birkebeiner Ageing ...
  • Milk and risk of colorectal, colon and rectal cancer in the Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) Cohort Study 

    Bakken, Toril; Braaten, Tonje; Olsen, Anja; Hjartåker, Anette; Lund, Eiliv; Skeie, Guri (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-17)
    According to World Cancer Research Fund International/American Institute for Cancer Research, it is ‘probable’ that dairy products decrease the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, meta-analyses restricted to women have not shown associations between milk intake and risk of CRC. The aim of this study was to examine the association between milk intake and risk of CRC, colon cancer and rectal ...
  • Changes in dental anxiety among 15‐ to 21‐year‐olds. A 2‐year longitudinal analysis based on the Tromsø study: Fit futures 

    Nermo, Hege; Willumsen, Tiril; Johnsen, Jan-Are Kolset (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-08)
    <i>Objective</i>: Identify predictive variables related to the development and continuation of high dental anxiety among young people over 2 years and assess differences between youth experiencing increased, decreased or unchanged dental anxiety scores over time.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: An observational panel study of 15‐to 21‐year‐old people in Tromsø and Balsfjord region followed students from ...
  • Skadeforebygging i ungdomsidrett fra trenerperspektiv. En kvalitativ intervjuundersøkelse 

    Strømholdt, Ingjerd; Ytreberg, Beate (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-13)
    <i>Hensikt: </i>Mange idrettsaktive ungdommer i håndball og fotball plages med skader og medfølgende negative konsekvenser. Skadeforebyggende tilbak har vist god effekt på skadeforekomsten, men bruk av slike tiltak i aldersbestemt breddeidrett varierer. Hensikten med studien er å bruke ungdomstreneres erfaringer til å øke kunnskapen om hvordan fysioterapeuter kan bidra i skadeforebyggende arbeid i ...
  • Deliberate reasoning is not affected by language 

    Mækelæ, Martin Jensen; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-31)
    <p><i>Background</i>: Millions of people use a second language every day. Does this have an effect on their decision-making? Are decisions in a second language more deliberate? Two mechanisms have been proposed: reduced emotionality or increased deliberation. Most studies so far used problems where both mechanisms could contribute to a foreign language effect. Here, we aimed to identify whether ...
  • Glyphosate-Residues in Roundup-Ready Soybean Impair Daphnia magna Life-Cycle 

    Cuhra, Marek; Traavik, Terje; Dando, Mickael; Primicerio, Raul; Holderbaum, Daniel Ferreira; Bøhn, Thomas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-01-30)
    Herbicide tolerant plants such as Roundup-Ready soybean contain residues of glyphosate herbicide. These residues are considered safe and previous animal-feeding-studies have failed to find negative effects related to such chemical residues. The present study tests 8 experimental soy- meal diets as feed in groups (each containing 20 individuals) of test-animals (D. magna). The diets have different ...
  • "Å falle, det kan jo hende alle!". Eldre hjemmeboende og risiko for fall. 

    Balteskard, Bjørg; Clancy, Anne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-01)
    Fall og fallforebygging hos gamle personer har de siste årene fått økende oppmerksomhet. Få studier har tatt utgangspunkt i de gamles fortellinger og perspektiv. I denne artikkelen er eldre hjemmeboende personers tanker og erfaringer med fall og fallhendelser i fokus. Studien har et kvalitativt forskningsdesign og er basert på dybdeintervju med hjemmeboende personer over 75 år. Utvalget er ...
  • “EFFECT OF IRRADIATION ON THE IMMUNOREGULATORY FUNCTIONS EXERTED BY TUMOUR FIBROBLASTS ON MACROPHAGES” 

    Akhtar, Muhammad Asad (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-11-19)
    Summary Background/aim of the study: Carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) represents a heterogeneous population of cells and are considered one of the dominant stromal component of solid tumours, performing a crucial role in tumour proliferation and metastasis. The main objective of this study was to investigate the immunoregulatory features of CAFs isolated from non-small cell lung carcinomas ...
  • The enterococcus cassette chromosome, a genomic variation enabler in enterococci 

    Sivertsen, Audun; James Peter, Jessin Janice; Pedersen, Torunn Annie; Wagner, Theresa; Hegstad, Joachim; Hegstad, Kristin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-07)
    Enterococcus faecium has a highly variable genome prone to recombination and horizontal gene transfer. Here, we have identified a novel genetic island with an insertion locus and mobilization genes similar to those of staphylococcus cassette chromosome elements SCCmec. This novel element termed the enterococcus cassette chromosome (ECC) element was located in the 3′ region of rlmH and encoded large ...
  • Treatment effects on compulsive exercise and physical activity in eating disorders 

    Mathisen, Therese Fostervold; Bratland-Sanda, Solfrid; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Friborg, Oddgeir; Pettersen, Gunn; Vrabel, Kari-Anne; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-13)
    Background:<br> Dysfunctional thoughts- and use of physical activity (PA) are core symptoms of the eating disorders (ED) bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED). The compulsive desire for PA complicates a favourable treatment outcome; hence, regular, adapted PA led by personnel with competence in exercise science is rarely part of treatment of BN and BED. The present study compared ...
  • Hva er det til middag? Personalets syn på selvbestemmelsesretten i kommunale boliger for voksne utviklingshemmede i Tromsø kommune 

    Weber, Anke (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-11-29)
    Med denne masteroppgaven ønsker jeg å se på hvordan tjenesteytere i boliger for voksne utviklingshemmede i Tromsø kommune ivaretar selvbestemmelsesretten til tjenestemottakere. Det virker som tjenestemottakere har liten innflytelse på sin egen hverdag. Jeg lurer på hva dette kommer av og jeg stilte meg blant annet spørsmålet om tjenesteytere har for lite kunnskap om selvbestemmelsesretten eller om ...
  • The Norwegian healthy body image programme: Study protocol for a randomized controlled school-based intervention to promote positive body image and prevent disordered eating among Norwegian high school students 

    Borgen, Christine Sundgot; Bratland-Sanda, Solfrid; Engen, Kethe Marie Elgesem; Pettersen, Gunn; Friborg, Oddgeir; Torstveit, Monica Klungland; Kolle, Elin; Piran, Niva; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Rosenvinge, Jan H (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-06)
    Background: <br>Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating raise the risk for eating disorders. In the prevention of eating disorders, many programmes have proved partly successful in using cognitive techniques to combat such risk factors. However, specific strategies to actively promote a positive body image are rarely used. The present paper outlines a protocol for a programme integrating the ...
  • In vitro chondrogenic potency of surplus chondrocytes from autologous transplantation procedures does not predict short-term clinical outcomes 

    Islam, Md Ashraful; Fossum, Vegard; Hansen, Ann Kristin; Urbarova, Ilona; Knutsen, Gunnar; Martinez, Inigo Zubiavrre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-10)
    <p><i>Background</i>: Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) has been used over the last two decades to treat focal cartilage lesions aiming to delay or prevent the onset of osteoarthritis; however, some patients do not respond adequately to the procedure. A number of biomarkers that can forecast the clinical potency of the cells have been proposed, but evidence for the relationship between in ...
  • The Genetic Structures of an Extensively Drug Resistant (XDR) Klebsiella pneumoniae and its Plasmids 

    Li, Ling; Yu, Tao; Ma, Yanan; Yang, Zhongjun; Wang, Wenjia; Song, Xiaobo; Shen, Yu; Guo, Tingting; Kong, Jian; Wang, Mingyu; Xu, Hai (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-04)
    Multi-, extensively-, and pan-drug resistant bacteria are a threat to our health today, because their wide resistance spectra make their infections difficult to cure. In this work, we isolated an extensively drug resistant (XDR) <i>Klebsiella pneumoniae</i> 2-1 strain from the stool sample of a patient diagnosed of colorectal cancer. <i>K. pneumoniae</i> 2-1 was found to be resistant to all the ...
  • Justify your alpha 

    Lakens, Daniel; Adolfi, Federico G; Albers, Casper J; Anvari, Farid; Apps, M A J; Argamon, Shlomo E; Baguley, Thom; Becker, Raymond B; Benning, Stephen D; Bradford, D E; Buchanan, Erin M; Caldwell, Aaron R; Calster, Ben van; Carlsson, Rickard; Chen, Sau-Chin; Chung, Bryan; Colling, Lincoln J; Collins, G S; Crook, Zander; Cross, Emily S; Daniels, Sameera; Danielsson, Henrik; DeBruine, Lisa; Dunleavy, Daniel J; Earp, Brian D; Feist, Michele I; Ferrell, Jason D; Field, James G; Fox, Nicholas W; Friesen, Amanda; Gomes, Caio; Gonzalez-Marquez, Monica; Grange, James A; Grieve, Andrew P; Guggenberger, Robert; Grist, James; van Harmelen, Anne-Laura; Hasselman, Fred; Hochard, Kevin D; Hoffarth, Mark R; Holmes, Nicholas; Ingre, Michael; Isager, Peder Mortvedt; Isotalus, Hanna K; Johansson, Christer; Juszczyk, Konrad; Kenny, David; Khalil, Ahmed; Konat, Barbara; Lao, Junpeng; Larsen, Erik Gahner; Lodder, Gerine M A; Lukavsky, Jiri; Madan, Christopher R; Manheim, David; Martin, Stephen R.; Martin, Andrea E; Mayo, Deborah G; McCarthy, Randy; McConway, Kevin; McFarland, Colin; Nio, Amanda Q X; Nilsonne, Gustav; de Oliveira, Cilene Lino; de Xivry, Jean-Jacques Orban; Parsons, Sam; Pfuhl, Gerit; Quinn, Kimberly A; Sakon, John J; Saribay, S Adil; Schneider, Iris K; Selvaraju, Manojkumar; Sjoerds, Zsuzsika; Smith, Samuel G; Smits, Tim; Spies, Jeffrey R; Sreekumar, Vishnu; Steltenpohl, Crystal N; Stenhouse, Neil; Swiatkowski, Wojciech; Vadillo, Miguel A; Van Assen, Marcel A. L. M.; Williams, Matt; Williams, Samantha E; Williams, Donald R.; Yarkoni, Tal; Ziano, Ignazio; Zwaan, Rolf A (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-26)
    In response to recommendations to redefine statistical significance to p ≤ .005, we propose that researchers should transparently report and justify all choices they make when designing a study, including the alpha level.
  • Hypothermia and cardiac electrophysiology: a systematic review of clinical and experimental data 

    Dietrichs, Erik Sveberg; Tveita, Torkjel; Smith, Godfrey L (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-13)
    Moderate therapeutic hypothermia procedures are used in post-cardiac arrest care, while in surgical procedures, lower core temperatures are often utilized to provide cerebral protection. Involuntary reduction of core body temperature takes place in accidental hypothermia and ventricular arrhythmias are recognized as a principal cause for a high mortality rate in these patients. We assessed both ...
  • General practitioners' participation in cancer treatment in Norway 

    Holtedahl, Knut Arne; Scheel, Benedicte; Johansen, May-Lill (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-23)
    <p><i>Introduction</i>: General practitioners (GPs) participate in a patient’s cancer care to different extents at different times, from prevention and diagnosis to treatment and end-of-life care. Traditionally, the GP has had a minor role in cancer treatment. However, oncological and surgical services frequently delegate limited cancer treatment tasks to GPs, especially in rural areas far from ...
  • Identification and follow-up of pregnant women with platelet-type human platelet antigen (HPA)-1bb alloimmunized with fetal HPA-1a 

    Dębska, Marzena; Małgorzata, Uhrynowska; Guz, Katarzyna; Kopeć, Izabella; Lachert, Elżbieta; Orzińska, Agnieszka; Kretowicz, Piotr; Antoniewicz-Papis, Jolanta; Dębski, Romuald; Łętowska, Magdalena; Husebekk, Anne; Brojer, Ewa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-15)
    <p><i>Introduction</i>: Pregnant women negative for human platelet antigen 1a (HPA-1a) are at risk of alloimmunization with fetal HPA-1a antigen inherited from the father, and their offspring may develop fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT). The aim of this study was to analyze the frequency of HPA-1a alloimmunization in pregnant Polish women, the feasibility of using maternal ...
  • Association of phenotypic characteristics and UV radiation exposure with risk of melanoma on different body sites 

    Ghiasvand, Reza; Robsahm, Trude Eid; Green, Adele; Rueegg, Corina Silvia; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Lund, Eiliv; Veierød, Marit Bragelien (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-10)
    <p><i>Importance</i>: Two pathways have been hypothesized for the development of cutaneous melanoma: one typically affects the head and neck, a site with chronic sun damage, and the other affects the trunk, which is less exposed to the sun. However, the possible cause of limb melanomas is less studied under this hypothesis.</p> <p><i>Objective</i>: To investigate the association between phenotypic ...

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