Nye registreringer

  • Nephronectin is Correlated with Poor Prognosis in Breast Cancer and Promotes Metastasis via its Integrin-Binding Motifs 

    Steigedal, Tonje S.; Toraskar, Jimita; Redvers, Richard P.; Valla, Marit; Magnussen, Synnøve; Bofin, Anna M.; Opdahl, Signe; Lundgren, Steinar; Eckhardt, Bedrich L.; Lamar, John M.; Doherty, Judy; Hynes, Richard O.; Anderson, Robin L.; Svineng, Gunbjørg (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-11)
    Most cancer patients with solid tumors who succumb to their illness die of metastatic disease. While early detection and improved treatment have led to reduced mortality, even for those with metastatic cancer, some patients still respond poorly to treatment. Understanding the mechanisms of metastasis is important to improve prognostication, to stratify patients for treatment, and to identify new ...
  • Characterization and pro-inflammatory responses of spore and hyphae samples from various mold species 

    Øya, Elisabeth; Afanou, Komlavi Anani; Malla, Nabin; Uhlig, Silvio; Rolen, Elin; Skaar, Ida; Straumfors, Anne; Winberg, Jan-Olof; Bang, Berit; Schwarze, Per E; Eduard, Wijnand; Holme, Jørn Andreas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed; Preprint, 2017-09-18)
    Mold particles from <i>Aspergillus fumigatus, Penicillium chrysogenum, Aspergillus versicolor</i>, and <i>Stachybotrys chartarum</i> have been linked to respiratory‐related diseases. We characterized X‐ray‐inactivated spores and hyphae fragments from these species by number of particles, morphology, and mycotoxin, β‐glucan and protease content/activity. The pro‐inflammatory properties of mold particles ...
  • Metabolic re-wiring of isogenic breast epithelial cell lines following epithelial to mesenchymal transition 

    Haldorsson, Skarphedinn; Rohatgi, Neha; Magnusdottir, Manuela; Choudhary, Kumari; Gudjónsson, Thorarinn; Knutsen, Erik; Barkovskaya, Anna; Hilmarsdòttir, Bylgja; Perander, Maria; Mælandsmo, Gunhild; Gudmundsson, Steinn; Rolfsson, Ottar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-18)
    Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) has implications in tumor progression and metastasis. Metabolic alterations have been described in cancer development but studies focused on the metabolic re-wiring that takes place during EMT are still limited. We performed metabolomics profiling of a breast epithelial cell line and its EMT derived mesenchymal phenotype to create genome-scale metabolic ...
  • Inflammation of mammary adipose tissue occurs in overweight and obese patients exhibiting early-stage breast cancer 

    Vaysse, Charlotte; Lømo, Jon; Garred, Øystein; Fjeldheim, Frøydis Nyborg; Lofterød, Trygve; Schlichting, Ellen; McTiernan, Anne; Frydenberg, Hanne; Husøy, Anders; Lundgren, Steinar; Fagerland, Morten W; Richardsen, Elin; Wist, Erik; Muller, Catherine; Thune, Inger (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-05-03)
    Growing evidence indicates that adiposity is associated with breast cancer risk and negatively affects breast cancer recurrence and survival, a paracrine role of mammary adipose tissue being very likely in this process. In contrast to other adipose depots, occurrence of a sub-inflammatory state of mammary adipose tissue defined by dying adipocytes surrounded by macrophages forming crown-like structures ...
  • Inhibition of PDE5A1 guanosine cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) hydrolysing activity by sildenafil analogues that inhibit cellular cGMP efflux 

    Subbotina, Anna; Ravna, Aina Westrheim; Lyså, Roy Andre; Abagyan, Ruben; Bugno, Ryszard; Sager, Georg (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-02-17)
    <p><i>Objectives</i>: To determine the ability of 11 sildenafil analogues to discriminate between cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (cnPDEs) and to characterise their inhibitory potencies (<kursiv>K</kursiv><sub>i</sub> values) of PDE5A1‐dependent guanosine cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) hydrolysis.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: Sildenafil analogues were identified by virtual ligand screening (VLS) ...
  • Optical investigation of osteoarthritic human cartilage (ICRS grade) by confocal Raman spectroscopy: a pilot study 

    Kumar, Rajesh; Grønhaug, Kirsten Marie; Afseth, Nils Kristian; Isaksen, Vidar; Davies, Catharina de Lange; Drogset, Jon Olav; Lilledahl, Magnus Borstad (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015)
    Biomolecular changes in the cartilage matrix during the early stage of osteoarthritis may be detected by Raman spectroscopy. The objective of this investigation was to determine vibrational spectral differences among different grades (grades I, II, and III) of osteoarthritis in human osteoarthritic cartilage, which was classified according to the International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) grading ...
  • Interleukin-1β as emerging therapeutic target in hematological malignancies and potentially in their complications 

    Arranz, Lorena; Arriero Sanchez, Maria Del Mar; Villatoro, Alicia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-05-03)
    Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is a pleiotropic cytokine that exerts multiple roles in both physiological and pathological conditions. It is produced by different cell subsets, and drives a wide range of inflammatory responses in numerous target cells. Enhanced IL-1β signaling is a common event in patients of hematological malignancies. Recent body of evidence obtained in preclinical models shows the ...
  • MicroRNAs as potential biomarkers in Merkel cell carcinoma 

    Konstantinell, Aelita Gloria Virginia; Coucheron, Dag H; Sveinbjørnsson, Baldur; Moens, Ugo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-26)
    Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare and aggressive type of skin cancer associated with a poor prognosis. This carcinoma was named after its presumed cell of origin, the Merkel cell, which is a mechanoreceptor cell located in the basal epidermal layer of the skin. Merkel cell polyomavirus seems to be the major causal factor for MCC because approximately 80% of all MCCs are positive for viral DNAs. ...
  • Elucidating the small regulatory RNA repertoire of the sea anemone Anemonia viridis based on whole genome and small RNA sequencing 

    Urbarova, Ilona; Patel, Hardip; Forêt, Sylvain; Karlsen, Bård Ove; Jørgensen, Tor Erik; Hall-Spencer, Jason M.; Johansen, Steinar Daae (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-27)
    Cnidarians harbor a variety of small regulatory RNAs that include microRNAs (miRNAs) and PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), but detailed information is limited. Here, we report the identification and expression of novel miRNAs and putative piRNAs, as well as their genomic loci, in the symbiotic sea anemone <i>Anemonia viridis</i>. We generated a draft assembly of the <i>A. viridis</i> genome with ...
  • Characterization of ATG8 Family Protein Binding to TRIM23 and TRIM31 

    Isaksen, Heidi (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-15)
    Macroautophagy (hereafter called autophagy) is a process where proteins, organelles and intracellular micro-organisms are degraded by the lysosome. The autophagosome engulfs a part of the cytoplasm where the cargo is, and transports it to the endosomal-lysosomal system for degradation. Autophagy can also be selective, where cargos are recognized directly by the autophagy receptors or by other proteins ...
  • LTX-315: a first-in-class oncolytic peptide that reprograms the tumor microenvironment 

    Sveinbjørnsson, Baldur; Camilio, Ketil Andre; Haug, Bengt Erik; Rekdal, Øystein (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-05-08)
    The oncolytic peptide LTX-315, which has been <i>de novo</i> designed based on structure– activity relationship studies of host defense peptides, has the ability to kill human cancer cells and induce specific anticancer immune response when injected locally into tumors established in immunocompetent mice. The oncolytic effect of LTX-315 involves perturbation of plasma membrane and the mitochondria ...
  • A taxonomy update for the Family Polyomaviridae 

    Calvignac-Spencer, Sébastien; Feltkamp, Mariet CW; Daugherty, Matthew D; Moens, Ugo; Ramqvist, Torbjörn; Johne, Reimar; Ehlers, Bernhard (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-02-29)
    Many distinct polyomaviruses infecting a variety of vertebrate hosts have recently been discovered, and their complete genome sequence could often be determined. To accommodate this fast-growing diversity, the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) <i>Polyomaviridae</i> Study Group designed a host- and sequence-based rationale for an updated taxonomy of the family <i>Polyomaviridae</i>. ...
  • Antibiotics to outpatients in Norway—Assessing effect of latitude and municipality population size using quantile regression in a cross-sectional study. 

    Haugen, Pål; Simonsen, Gunnar Skov; Primicerio, Raul; Furberg, Anne-Sofie; Småbrekke, Lars (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-09-29)
    High antibiotic consumption rates are associated to high prevalence of antimicrobial resistance. Geographical differences in dispensing rates of antibiotics are frequently analysed using statistical methods addressing the central tendency of the data. Yet, examining extreme quantiles may be of equal or greater interest if the problem relates to the extremes of consumption rates, as is the case for ...
  • Binding mode of novel multimodal serotonin transporter compounds in 5-hydroxytryptamine receptors 

    Bøgwald, Isak Andreas (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-06-01)
    Antidepressants are the most common treatment of depression, one of the leading causes of suicide and disability worldwide. Currently marketed antidepressants have certain limitations; they have a delayed response time, only about 1/3 of the patients respond to the first agent prescribed, and many of them produce side effects that reduce the quality of life. The need for more efficacious and ...
  • Inhibition of chemerin/CMKLR1 axis in neuroblastoma cells reduces clonogenicity and cell viability in vitro and impairs tumor growth in vivo 

    Tümmler, Conny; Snapkov, Igor; Wickström, Malin; Moens, Ugo; Ljungblad, Linda; Elfman, Maria; Winberg, Jan-Olof; Kogner, Per; Johnsen, John Inge; Sveinbjørnsson, Baldur (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-07-27)
    Pro-inflammatory cells, cytokines, and chemokines are essential in promoting a tumor supporting microenvironment. Chemerin is a chemotactic protein and a natural ligand for the receptors CMKLR1, GPR1, and CCRL2. The chemerin/CMKLR1 axis is involved in immunity and inflammation, and it has also been implicated in obesity and cancer.<p> In neuroblastoma, a childhood tumor of the peripheral nervous ...
  • Drug-screening and genomic analyses of HER2-positive breast cancer cell lines reveal predictors for treatment response 

    Jernström, Sandra Johanna; Hongisto, Vesa; Leivonen, Suvi-Katri; Due, Eldri Undlien; Tadele, Dagim Shiferaw; Edgren, Henrik; Kallioniemi, Olli; Perälä, Merja; Mælandsmo, Gunhild; Sahlberg, Kristine Kleivi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-21)
    Background<br> Approximately 15%–20% of all diagnosed breast cancers are characterized by amplified and overexpressed HER2 (= ErbB2). These breast cancers are aggressive and have a poor prognosis. Although improvements in treatment have been achieved after the introduction of trastuzumab and lapatinib, many patients do not benefit from these drugs. Therefore, in-depth understanding of the mechanisms ...
  • In vitro reconstitution of proMatrix Metalloproteinase-9/Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycan Complexes. Identification of motifs in proMMP-9 and the serglycin core protein involved in the complex formation. 

    Dawadi, Rangita (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-05-15)
    Previously it has been shown that different monocytic leukemic cell lines such as THP-1, MonoMac and U-937 can produce proteolytic enzymes such as MMP-9 as well as various types of proteoglycans (PG). These proteins have been shown to be involved in homeostasis as well as in various diseases, such as cancer. When proMMP-9 was mixed with isolated PGs from these three cell lines or pure serglycin and ...
  • Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer. Diversity of genetic causes of HBOC in a Norwegian breast and ovarian cancer patient cohort, BRCA2 c.8331+2C>T - a Norwegian founder mutation 

    Skarsfjord, Siri Hermansen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-05-14)
    Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) causes 5-10 % of breast cancer cases and 25 % of ovarian cancer cases. About 24 % of HBOC are caused by deleterious variants in BRCA1 and BRCA2. Currently, more than 25 different genes have been associated with HBOC, including BRCA1 and BRCA2, many of which encode proteins participating in homologous recombination repair (HRR) and mismatch repair (MMR). ...
  • The oncoproteins gelsolin, periostin and thrombospondin are enriched in Merkel cell carcinoma exosomes, and their promoter activity is stimulated by Large T-antigen of Merkel cell polyomavirus 

    Furuholmen-Jenssen, Ida Sofie (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-05-14)
    Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive neuroendocrine form of skin cancer with high mortality rate and increasing incidence. Around 80 % of MCC tumours are positive for Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV), the only polyomavirus known to induce cancer in humans. Continuous expression of the viral oncogenes LT-ag and st-ag is necessary for MCPyV positive MCC tumour cell survival, suggesting ...
  • Analysis of glomerular target structures for nephritic anti-dsDNA antibodies playing central roles in lupus nephritis 

    Tømmerås, Berit (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-05)
    Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of autoantibodies towards nuclear antigens. Sub-populations of anti-dsDNA antibodies have the potential to bind in the kidney and thereby induce nephritis, but there is no definite distinction that separates non-pathogenic from pathogenic antibodies. There must be parameters that determine anti-dsDNA antibody binding, ...

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