Recent additions

  • Intestinal fungi are causally implicated in microbiome assembly and immune development in mice 

    van Tilburg Bernardes, Erik; Pettersen, Veronika Kucharova; W. Gutierrez, Mackenzie; Isabelle, Laforest-Lapointe; Marie-Claire, Arrieta (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-22)
    The gut microbiome consists of a multi-kingdom microbial community. Whilst the role of bacteria as causal contributors governing host physiological development is well established, the role of fungi remains to be determined. Here, we use germ-free mice colonized with defined species of bacteria, fungi, or both to differentiate the causal role of fungi on microbiome assembly, immune development, ...
  • Stroma-induced phenotypic plasticity offers phenotype-specific targeting to improve melanoma treatment 

    Seip, Kotryna; Jørgensen, Kjetil Nordbø; Haselager, Marco Vincent; Albrecht, Marco; Haugen, Mads Haugland; Egeland, Eivind Valen; Lucarelli, Philippe; Engebråten, Olav; Sauter, Thomas; Mælandsmo, Gunhild Mari; Prasmickaite, Lina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-18)
    Cancer cells' phenotypic plasticity, promoted by stromal cells, contributes to intra-tumoral heterogeneity and affects response to therapy. We have disclosed an association between fibroblast-stimulated phenotype switching and resistance to the clinically used BRAF inhibitor (BRAFi) vemurafenib in malignant melanoma, revealing a challenge in targeting the fibroblast-induced phenotype. Here we compared ...
  • Molecularly matched therapy in the context of sensitivity, resistance, and safety; patient outcomes in end-stage cancer - the MetAction study 

    Ree, Anne Hansen; Nygaard, Vigdis; Pedersen, Kjetil Boye; Heinrich, Daniel; Dueland, Svein; Bergheim, Inger Riise; Johansen, Christin; Beiske, Klaus; Negård, Anne; Lund-Iversen, Marius; Nygaard, Vegard; Hovig, Eivind; Nakken, Sigve; Nasser, Salah; Julsrud, Lars; Reisse, Claudius; Ruud, Espen Asak; Kristensen, Vessela N.; Flørenes, Vivi Ann; Geitvik, Gry; Lingjærde, Ole Christian; Børresen-Dale, Anne-Lise; Russnes, Hege Elisabeth Giercksky; Mælandsmo, Gunhild Mari; Flatmark, Kjersti (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-25)
    <i>Background</i>: In precision cancer medicine, the challenge is to prioritize DNA driver events, account for resistance markers, and procure sufficient information for treatment that maintains patient safety. The MetAction project, exploring how tumor molecular vulnerabilities predict therapy response, first established the required workflow for DNA sequencing and data interpretation (2014–2015). ...
  • Epidemiological and molecular characterization of Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage strains in pre-school children in Arkhangelsk, northern European Russia, prior to the introduction of conjugate pneumococcal vaccines 

    Jensen, V. Vorobieva S.; Furberg, Anne-Sofie; Slotved, Hans-Christian; Bazhukova, Tatiana; Haldorsen, Bjørg; Caugant, Dominique A.; Sundsfjord, Arnfinn; Valentiner-Branth, Palle; Simonsen, Gunnar Skov (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-15)
    <p><i>Background - </i>The 13-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV-13) was introduced in the National Immunization Programme (NIP) schedule in Russia in March 2014. Previously, the 7-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV-7) was marketed in Russia in 2009 but has never been offered for mass vaccination. A carriage study was performed among children in Arkhangelsk in 2006. The objective was ...
  • Targeting mitochondrial oxidative stress with MitoQ reduces NET formation and kidney disease in lupus-prone MRL-lpr mice 

    Fortner, KA; Blanco, Luz P.; Buskiewicz, I; Huang, N; Gibson, PC; Cook, DL; Pedersen, Hege Lynum; Yuen, PST; Murphy, MP; Perl, A; Kaplan, Mariana J.; Budd, RC (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-16)
    <i>Objectives</i> - Recent investigations in humans and mouse models with lupus have revealed evidence of mitochondrial dysfunction and production of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mROS) in T cells and neutrophils. This can provoke numerous cellular changes including oxidation of nucleic acids, proteins, lipids and even induction of cell death. We have previously observed that in T cells ...
  • Promoter activity of Merkel cell Polyomavirus variants in human dermal fibroblasts and a Merkel cell carcinoma cell line. 

    Abdulsalam, Ibrahim Afolabi; Rasheed, Kashif; Sveinbjørnsson, Baldur; Ehlers, Bernhard; Moens, Ugo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-19)
    <p><i>Background - </i>Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) is a human polyomavirus that establishes a life-long harmless infection in most individuals, with dermal fibroblasts believed to be the natural host cell. However, this virus is the major cause of Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), an aggressive skin cancer. Several MCPyV variants with polymorphism in their promoter region have been isolated, but it ...
  • Consensus guidelines for the definition, detection and interpretation of immunogenic cell death 

    Galluzzi, Lorenzo; Vitale, Ilio; Warren, Sarah; Adjemian, Sandy; Agostinis, Patrizia; Martinez, Aitziber Burque; Chan, Timothy A.; Coukos, George; Demaria, Sandra; Deutsch, Eric; Draganov, Dobrin; Edelson, Richard L; Formenti, Silvia C.; Fucikova, Jitka; Gabriele, Lucia; Gaipl, Udo S.; Gameiro, Sofia R.; Garg, Abhishek D.; Golden, Encouse; Han, Jian; Harrington, Kevin J.; Hemminki, Akseli; Hodge, James W.; Hossain, Dewan Md Sakib; Illidge, Tim; Karin, Michael; Kaufman, Howard L.; Kepp, Oliver; Kroemer, Guido; Lasarte, Juan Jose; Loi, Sherene; Lotze, Michael T.; Manic, Gwenola; Merghoub, Taha; Melcher, Alan A.; Mossman, Karen L.; Prosper, Felipe; Rekdal, Øystein; Rescigno, Maria; Riganti, Chiara; Sistigu, Antonella; Smyth, Mark J.; Spisek, Radek; Stagg, John; Strauss, Bryan E.; Tang, Daolin; Tatsuno, Kazuki; van Gool, Stefaan W.; Vandenabeele, Peter; Yamazaki, Takahiro; Zamarin, Dmitriy; Zitvogel, Laurence; Cesano, Alessandra; Marincola, Francesco M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-09)
    Cells succumbing to stress via regulated cell death (RCD) can initiate an adaptive immune response associated with immunological memory, provided they display sufficient antigenicity and adjuvanticity. Moreover, multiple intracellular and microenvironmental features determine the propensity of RCD to drive adaptive immunity. Here, we provide an updated operational definition of immunogenic cell death ...
  • The expression of the long NEAT1_2 isoform is associated with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancers 

    Knutsen, Erik; Lellahi, Seyed Mohammad; Aure, Miriam Ragle; Nord, Silje; Fismen, Silje; Larsen, Kenneth Bowitz; Tellez Gabriel, Marta; Hedberg, Annica; Bjørklund, Sunniva; Bofin, Anna M.; Mælandsmo, Gunhild Mari; Sørlie, Therese; Mortensen, Elin Synnøve; Perander, Maria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-28)
    The long non-coding RNA <i>NEAT1</i> locus is transcribed into two overlapping isoforms, <i>NEAT1_1</i> and <i>NEAT1_2</i>, of which the latter is essential for the assembly of nuclear paraspeckles. <i>NEAT1</i> is abnormally expressed in a wide variety of human cancers. Emerging evidence suggests that the two isoforms have distinct functions in gene expression regulation, and recently it was shown ...
  • Structural basis of p62/SQSTM1 helical filaments and their role in cellular cargo uptake 

    Jakobi, Arjen J.; Huber, Stefan T.; Mortensen, Simon A.; Schultz, Sebastian; Palara, Anthimi; Kuhm, Tanja; Shrestha, Birendra Kumar; Lamark, Trond; Hagen, Wim J.H.; Wilmanns, Matthias; Johansen, Terje; Brech, Andreas; Sachse, Carsten (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-23)
    p62/SQSTM1 is an autophagy receptor and signaling adaptor with an N-terminal PB1 domain that forms the scaffold of phase-separated p62 bodies in the cell. The molecular determinants that govern PB1 domain filament formation in vitro remain to be determined and the role of p62 filaments inside the cell is currently unclear. We here determine four high-resolution cryo-EM structures of different human ...
  • Role of Horizontal Gene Transfer in the Development of Multidrug Resistance in Haemophilus influenzae 

    Hegstad, Kristin; Mylvaganam, Haima; Janice, Jessin; Josefsen, Ellen H.; Sivertsen, Audun; Skaare, Dagfinn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-29)
    <i>Haemophilus influenzae</i> colonizes the respiratory tract in humans and causes both invasive and noninvasive infections. Resistance to extended-spectrum cephalosporins in <i>H. influenzae</i> is rare in Europe. In this study, we defined acquired resistance gene loci and <i>ftsI</i> mutations in multidrug-resistant (MDR) and/or PBP3-mediated beta-lactam-resistant (rPBP3) <i>H. influenzae</i> ...
  • Loss of S100A14 expression at the tumor-invading front correlates with poor differentiation and worse prognosis in oral squamous cell carcinoma 

    Pandey, Sushma; Osman, Tarig Al-Hadi; Sharma, Sunita; Vallenari, Evan Michael; Shahdafar, Aboulghassem; Pun, Chin B.; Gautam, Dej K.; Uhlin-Hansen, Lars; Rikardsen, Oddveig G; Johannessen, Anne Christine; Costea, Daniela Elena; Sapkota, Dipak (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-23)
    <i>Background</i> - We previously showed a tumor‐suppressive function of S100A14 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). This study aimed to examine the prognostic significance and differentiation‐related function of S100A14 in OSCC.<p><p> <i>Methods</i> - S100A14 expression was examined in 170 OSCCs from Norwegian and Nepalese populations using immunohistochemistry. Pro‐differentiation function ...
  • Serum levels of inflammation-related markers and metabolites predict response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy with and without bevacizumab in breast cancers 

    Nome, Marianne Eikhom; Euceda, Leslie R.; Jabeen, Shakila; Debik, Julia; Bathen, Tone Frost; Giskeødegård, Guro F.; Tasken, Kristin Austlid; Mælandsmo, Gunhild Mari; Halvorsen, Bente; Yndestad, Arne; Borgen, Elin; Garred, Øystein; Aukrust, Pål; Ueland, Thor; Engebraaten, Olav; Kristensen, Vessela N.; Tekpli, Xavier (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-24)
    Angiogenesis is necessary for tumor growth and has been targeted in breast cancer; however, it is unclear which patients will respond and benefit from antiangiogenic therapy. We report noninvasive monitoring of patient response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy given alone or in combination with anti‐vascular endothelial growth factor (bevacizumab) in a randomized clinical trial. At four time points during ...
  • Moderate but not severe hypothermia causes pro-arrhythmic changes in cardiac electrophysiology 

    Dietrichs, Erik Sveberg; McGlynn, Karen; Allan, Andrew; Connolly, Adam; Bishop, Martin; Burton, Francis; Kettlewell, Sarah; Myles, Rachel; Tveita, Torkjel; Smith, Godfrey L (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-07)
    <i>Aims</i> - Treatment of arrhythmias evoked by hypothermia/rewarming remains challenging, and the underlying mechanisms are unclear. This <i>in vitro</i> experimental study assessed cardiac electrophysiology in isolated rabbit hearts at temperatures occurring in therapeutic and accidental hypothermia.<p><p> <i>Methods and results</i> - Detailed ECG, surface electrogram, and panoramic optical ...
  • Dietary calanus oil recovers metabolic flexibility and rescues postischemic cardiac function in obese female mice 

    Jansen, Kirsten; Moreno, Sonia; Garcia-Roves, Pablo M; Larsen, Terje (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-16)
    The aim of this study was to find out whether dietary supplementation with Calanus oil (a novel marine oil) or infusion of exenatide (an incretin mimetic) could counteract obesity-induced alterations in myocardial metabolism and improve postischemic recovery of left ventricular (LV) function. Female C57bl/6J mice received high-fat diet (HFD, 45% energy from fat) for 12 wk followed by 8-wk feeding ...
  • Drug-Loaded Photosensitizer-Chitosan Nanoparticles for Combinatorial Chemo- and Photodynamic-Therapy of Cancer 

    Pandya, Abhilash D.; Øverbye, Anders; Sahariah, Priyanka; Gaware, Vivek S.; Høgset, Håkon; Masson, Már; Høgset, Anders; Mælandsmo, Gunhild Mari; Skotland, Tore; Sandvig, Kirsten; Iversen, Tore Geir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-24)
    In this study we have developed biodegradable polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) containing the cytostatic drugs mertansine (MRT) or cabazitaxel (CBZ). The NPs are based on chitosan (CS) conjugate polymers synthesized with different amounts of the photosensitizer tetraphenylchlorin (TPC). These TPC–CS NPs have high loading capacity and strong drug retention due to π–π stacking interactions between the ...
  • Antibiotikaresistens - globalt, lokalt, i dag och i morgon 

    Lund, Bodil Kristina; Klinge, Björn; Larsen, Tove; Olsvik, Ørjan; Vällimaa, Hannamari (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-09)
    Antibiotikaresistensen ökar kraftigt, och i dag pågår ett internationellt samarbete för att motverka detta. Antibiotikaförskrivningen i tandvården i de nordiska länderna är ur ett internationellt perspektiv låg. Det finns dock en del indikationer på att denna kan reduceras ytterligare.
  • Tandvårdsturism - ökad risk för folkhälsan 

    Olsvik, Ørjan; Lund, Bodil Kristina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-09)
    Så kallad medicinsk turism, att kombinera elektiv vård utomlands med semester, ökar kraftigt. Medicinsk turism kan skapa såväl kulturella, ekonomiska, etiska, legala och medicinska problem genom import av smittsamma sjukdomar till hemlandet. Patienter som väljer att söka vård utomlands bör vara införstådda med att det kan medföra en ökad risk att bli infekterad av antibiotikaresistenta bakterier.
  • Tumor lysis with LTX-401 creates anticancer immunity 

    Xie, Wei; Mondragon, Laura; Mauseth, Brynjar; Wang, Yan; Pol, Jonathan; Levesque, Sarah; Zhou, Heng; Yamazaki, Takahiro; Eksteen, Jacobus Johannes; Zitvogel, Laurence; Sveinbjørnsson, Baldur; Rekdal, Øystein; Kepp, Oliver; Kroemer, Guido (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-13)
    Local immunotherapies such as the intratumoral injection of oncolytic compounds aim at reinstating and enhancing systemic anticancer immune responses. LTX-315 is a first-in-class, clinically evaluated oncolytic peptide-based local immunotherapy that meets these criteria. Here, we show that LTX-401, yet another oncolytic compound designed for local immunotherapy, depicts a similar safety profile and ...
  • NIMA-related kinase 9–mediated phosphorylation of the microtubule-associated LC3B protein at Thr-50 suppresses selective autophagy of p62/sequestosome 1 

    Shrestha, Birendra Kumar; Rasmussen, Mads Skytte; Abudu, Yakubu Princely; Bruun, Jack-Ansgar; Larsen, Kenneth Bowitz; Alemu, Endalkachew Ashenafi; Sjøttem, Eva; Lamark, Trond; Johansen, Terje (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-19)
    Human ATG8 family proteins (ATG8s) are active in all steps of the macroautophagy pathway, and their lipidation is essential for autophagosome formation. Lipidated ATG8s anchored to the outer surface of the phagophore serve as scaffolds for binding of other core autophagy proteins and various effector proteins involved in trafficking or fusion events, whereas those at the inner surface are needed for ...
  • Detection of tissue factor in platelets: why is it so troublesome? 

    Østerud, Bjarne; Bouchard, Beth A (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-30)
    Tissue factor (TF) is the most important trigger for the extrinsic coagulation pathway. TF, earlier denoted as thromboplastin, has always been a mystery since its discovery due to its abundant presence in most human tissues but not blood. The latter has been extensively studied in a vast quest for possible sources of blood-borne TF yielding many conflicting findings and confusing conclusions regarding ...

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