Viser treff 1-20 av 559

    • Faecal colonization of E. coli and Klebsiella spp. producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamases and plasmid-mediated AmpC in Mozambican university students 

      Chirindze, Lourenco Marcos; Zimba, Tomas F.; Sekyere, John Osei; Govinden, Usha; Chenia, Hafizah Y.; Sundsfjord, Arnfinn; Essack, Sabiha Y.; Simonsen, Gunnar Skov (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-08)
      <p><i>Background</i>: In recent years, the world has seen a surge in Enterobacteriaceae resistant to broad-spectrum beta-lactam antibiotics due to the production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) or plasmid-mediated AmpC (pAmpC) enzymes. Data on the epidemiology of cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in Sub-Saharan Africa are still limited.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: Two hundred ...
    • Whole-Organism Transcriptomic Analysis Provides Mechanistic Insight into the Acute Toxicity of Emamectin Benzoate in Daphnia magna 

      Song, You; Rundberget, Thomas; Evenseth, Linn Mari; Xie, Li; Gomes, Tania; Høgåsen, Tore; Iguchi, Taisen; Tollefsen, Knut Erik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-10-05)
      Emamectin benzoate (EMB) is an antisea lice chemical widely used in the aquaculture that may also unintentionally affect nontarget crustaceans in the environment. Although the adverse effects of this compound are well documented in various species, the full modes of action (MoAs) are still not well characterized. The current study was therefore conducted to characterize the MoAs of EMB and link ...
    • The catalytic reaction mechanism of drosophilid alcohol dehydrogenases 

      Wushur, Imin; Sylte, Ingebrigt; Winberg, Jan-Olof (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-12-24)
      The present review describes the current knowledge about the reaction mechanism of drosophilid alcohol dehydrogenases (DADH), a member of the short chain dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR) superfamily. Included is the binding order of the substrates to the enzyme, rate limiting steps, stereochemistry of the reaction, active site topology, role of important amino acids and water molecules in the reaction ...
    • Release of chitobiase as an indicator of potential molting disruption in juvenile Daphnia magna exposed to the ecdysone receptor agonist 20-hydroxyecdysone 

      Song, You; Evenseth, Linn Mari; Iguchi, Taisen; Tollefsen, Knut Erik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-08-29)
      During arthropod molting, the old exoskeleton is degraded and recycled by the molting fluid. Chitobiase, a major chitinolytic enzyme in the molting fluid, has been widely used as a biomarker to indicate endocrine disruption of molting in arthropods under environmental stress. Although release of chitobiase was extensively studied in organisms exposed to molting-inhibiting chemicals, enzymic association ...
    • The selectivity of galardin and an azasugar-based hydroxamate compound for human Matrix metalloproteases and bacterial metalloproteases 

      Sylte, Ingebrigt; Dawadi, Rangita; Malla, Nabin; von Hofsten, Susannah; Nguyen, Tra-Mi; Solli, Ann Iren; Berg, Eli; Adekoya, Olayiwola A.; Svineng, Gunbjørg; Winberg, Jan-Olof (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-03)
      Inhibitors targeting bacterial enzymes should not interfere with enzymes of the host, and knowledge about structural determinants for selectivity is important for designing inhibitors with a therapeutic potential. We have determined the binding strengths of two hydroxamate compounds, galardin and compound 1b for the bacterial zinc metalloproteases, thermolysin, pseudolysin and auerolysin, known to ...
    • Integrative metabolic and transcriptomic profiling of prostate cancer tissue containing reactive stroma 

      Andersen, Maria Karoline; Rise, Kjersti; Giskeødegård, Guro F.; Richardsen, Elin; Bertilsson, Helena; Størkersen, Øystein; Bathen, Tone Frost; Rye, Morten Beck; Tessem, May-Britt (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-24)
      Reactive stroma is a tissue feature commonly observed in the tumor microenvironment of prostate cancer and has previously been associated with more aggressive tumors. The aim of this study was to detect differentially expressed genes and metabolites according to reactive stroma content measured on the exact same prostate cancer tissue sample. Reactive stroma was evaluated using histopathology from ...
    • Nephronectin is Correlated with Poor Prognosis in Breast Cancer and Promotes Metastasis via its Integrin-Binding Motifs 

      Steigedal, Tonje S.; Toraskar, Jimita; Redvers, Richard P.; Valla, Marit; Magnussen, Synnøve; Bofin, Anna M.; Opdahl, Signe; Lundgren, Steinar; Eckhardt, Bedrich L.; Lamar, John M.; Doherty, Judy; Hynes, Richard O.; Anderson, Robin L.; Svineng, Gunbjørg (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-11)
      Most cancer patients with solid tumors who succumb to their illness die of metastatic disease. While early detection and improved treatment have led to reduced mortality, even for those with metastatic cancer, some patients still respond poorly to treatment. Understanding the mechanisms of metastasis is important to improve prognostication, to stratify patients for treatment, and to identify new ...
    • Characterization and pro-inflammatory responses of spore and hyphae samples from various mold species 

      Øya, Elisabeth; Afanou, Komlavi Anani; Malla, Nabin; Uhlig, Silvio; Rolen, Elin; Skaar, Ida; Straumfors, Anne; Winberg, Jan-Olof; Bang, Berit; Schwarze, Per E; Eduard, Wijnand; Holme, Jørn Andreas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed; Preprint, 2017-09-18)
      Mold particles from <i>Aspergillus fumigatus, Penicillium chrysogenum, Aspergillus versicolor</i>, and <i>Stachybotrys chartarum</i> have been linked to respiratory‐related diseases. We characterized X‐ray‐inactivated spores and hyphae fragments from these species by number of particles, morphology, and mycotoxin, β‐glucan and protease content/activity. The pro‐inflammatory properties of mold particles ...
    • Metabolic re-wiring of isogenic breast epithelial cell lines following epithelial to mesenchymal transition 

      Haldorsson, Skarphedinn; Rohatgi, Neha; Magnusdottir, Manuela; Choudhary, Kumari; Gudjónsson, Thorarinn; Knutsen, Erik; Barkovskaya, Anna; Hilmarsdòttir, Bylgja; Perander, Maria; Mælandsmo, Gunhild; Gudmundsson, Steinn; Rolfsson, Ottar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-18)
      Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) has implications in tumor progression and metastasis. Metabolic alterations have been described in cancer development but studies focused on the metabolic re-wiring that takes place during EMT are still limited. We performed metabolomics profiling of a breast epithelial cell line and its EMT derived mesenchymal phenotype to create genome-scale metabolic ...
    • Inflammation of mammary adipose tissue occurs in overweight and obese patients exhibiting early-stage breast cancer 

      Vaysse, Charlotte; Lømo, Jon; Garred, Øystein; Fjeldheim, Frøydis Nyborg; Lofterød, Trygve; Schlichting, Ellen; McTiernan, Anne; Frydenberg, Hanne; Husøy, Anders; Lundgren, Steinar; Fagerland, Morten W; Richardsen, Elin; Wist, Erik; Muller, Catherine; Thune, Inger (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-05-03)
      Growing evidence indicates that adiposity is associated with breast cancer risk and negatively affects breast cancer recurrence and survival, a paracrine role of mammary adipose tissue being very likely in this process. In contrast to other adipose depots, occurrence of a sub-inflammatory state of mammary adipose tissue defined by dying adipocytes surrounded by macrophages forming crown-like structures ...
    • Inhibition of PDE5A1 guanosine cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) hydrolysing activity by sildenafil analogues that inhibit cellular cGMP efflux 

      Subbotina, Anna; Ravna, Aina Westrheim; Lyså, Roy Andre; Abagyan, Ruben; Bugno, Ryszard; Sager, Georg (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-02-17)
      <p><i>Objectives</i>: To determine the ability of 11 sildenafil analogues to discriminate between cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (cnPDEs) and to characterise their inhibitory potencies (<kursiv>K</kursiv><sub>i</sub> values) of PDE5A1‐dependent guanosine cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) hydrolysis.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: Sildenafil analogues were identified by virtual ligand screening (VLS) ...
    • Optical investigation of osteoarthritic human cartilage (ICRS grade) by confocal Raman spectroscopy: a pilot study 

      Kumar, Rajesh; Grønhaug, Kirsten Marie; Afseth, Nils Kristian; Isaksen, Vidar; Davies, Catharina de Lange; Drogset, Jon Olav; Lilledahl, Magnus Borstad (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Biomolecular changes in the cartilage matrix during the early stage of osteoarthritis may be detected by Raman spectroscopy. The objective of this investigation was to determine vibrational spectral differences among different grades (grades I, II, and III) of osteoarthritis in human osteoarthritic cartilage, which was classified according to the International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) grading ...
    • Interleukin-1β as emerging therapeutic target in hematological malignancies and potentially in their complications 

      Arranz, Lorena; Arriero Sanchez, Maria Del Mar; Villatoro, Alicia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-05-03)
      Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is a pleiotropic cytokine that exerts multiple roles in both physiological and pathological conditions. It is produced by different cell subsets, and drives a wide range of inflammatory responses in numerous target cells. Enhanced IL-1β signaling is a common event in patients of hematological malignancies. Recent body of evidence obtained in preclinical models shows the ...
    • MicroRNAs as potential biomarkers in Merkel cell carcinoma 

      Konstantinell, Aelita Gloria Virginia; Coucheron, Dag H; Sveinbjørnsson, Baldur; Moens, Ugo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-26)
      Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare and aggressive type of skin cancer associated with a poor prognosis. This carcinoma was named after its presumed cell of origin, the Merkel cell, which is a mechanoreceptor cell located in the basal epidermal layer of the skin. Merkel cell polyomavirus seems to be the major causal factor for MCC because approximately 80% of all MCCs are positive for viral DNAs. ...
    • Elucidating the small regulatory RNA repertoire of the sea anemone Anemonia viridis based on whole genome and small RNA sequencing 

      Urbarova, Ilona; Patel, Hardip; Forêt, Sylvain; Karlsen, Bård Ove; Jørgensen, Tor Erik; Hall-Spencer, Jason M.; Johansen, Steinar Daae (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-27)
      Cnidarians harbor a variety of small regulatory RNAs that include microRNAs (miRNAs) and PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), but detailed information is limited. Here, we report the identification and expression of novel miRNAs and putative piRNAs, as well as their genomic loci, in the symbiotic sea anemone <i>Anemonia viridis</i>. We generated a draft assembly of the <i>A. viridis</i> genome with ...
    • LTX-315: a first-in-class oncolytic peptide that reprograms the tumor microenvironment 

      Sveinbjørnsson, Baldur; Camilio, Ketil Andre; Haug, Bengt Erik; Rekdal, Øystein (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-05-08)
      The oncolytic peptide LTX-315, which has been <i>de novo</i> designed based on structure– activity relationship studies of host defense peptides, has the ability to kill human cancer cells and induce specific anticancer immune response when injected locally into tumors established in immunocompetent mice. The oncolytic effect of LTX-315 involves perturbation of plasma membrane and the mitochondria ...
    • A taxonomy update for the Family Polyomaviridae 

      Calvignac-Spencer, Sébastien; Feltkamp, Mariet CW; Daugherty, Matthew D; Moens, Ugo; Ramqvist, Torbjörn; Johne, Reimar; Ehlers, Bernhard (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-02-29)
      Many distinct polyomaviruses infecting a variety of vertebrate hosts have recently been discovered, and their complete genome sequence could often be determined. To accommodate this fast-growing diversity, the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) <i>Polyomaviridae</i> Study Group designed a host- and sequence-based rationale for an updated taxonomy of the family <i>Polyomaviridae</i>. ...
    • Antibiotics to outpatients in Norway—Assessing effect of latitude and municipality population size using quantile regression in a cross-sectional study. 

      Haugen, Pål; Simonsen, Gunnar Skov; Primicerio, Raul; Furberg, Anne-Sofie; Småbrekke, Lars (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-09-29)
      High antibiotic consumption rates are associated to high prevalence of antimicrobial resistance. Geographical differences in dispensing rates of antibiotics are frequently analysed using statistical methods addressing the central tendency of the data. Yet, examining extreme quantiles may be of equal or greater interest if the problem relates to the extremes of consumption rates, as is the case for ...
    • Inhibition of chemerin/CMKLR1 axis in neuroblastoma cells reduces clonogenicity and cell viability in vitro and impairs tumor growth in vivo 

      Tümmler, Conny; Snapkov, Igor; Wickström, Malin; Moens, Ugo; Ljungblad, Linda; Elfman, Maria; Winberg, Jan-Olof; Kogner, Per; Johnsen, John Inge; Sveinbjørnsson, Baldur (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-07-27)
      Pro-inflammatory cells, cytokines, and chemokines are essential in promoting a tumor supporting microenvironment. Chemerin is a chemotactic protein and a natural ligand for the receptors CMKLR1, GPR1, and CCRL2. The chemerin/CMKLR1 axis is involved in immunity and inflammation, and it has also been implicated in obesity and cancer.<p> In neuroblastoma, a childhood tumor of the peripheral nervous ...
    • Drug-screening and genomic analyses of HER2-positive breast cancer cell lines reveal predictors for treatment response 

      Jernström, Sandra Johanna; Hongisto, Vesa; Leivonen, Suvi-Katri; Due, Eldri Undlien; Tadele, Dagim Shiferaw; Edgren, Henrik; Kallioniemi, Olli; Perälä, Merja; Mælandsmo, Gunhild; Sahlberg, Kristine Kleivi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-21)
      Background<br> Approximately 15%–20% of all diagnosed breast cancers are characterized by amplified and overexpressed HER2 (= ErbB2). These breast cancers are aggressive and have a poor prognosis. Although improvements in treatment have been achieved after the introduction of trastuzumab and lapatinib, many patients do not benefit from these drugs. Therefore, in-depth understanding of the mechanisms ...