Nye registreringer

  • Forensic DNA phenotyping - Towards reliable and accurate DNA tests for prediction of eye colour, hair colour and biogeographical ancestry 

    Salvo, Nina Mjølsnes (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2024-06-27)
    Forensic DNA phenotyping (FDP) can aid police investigations where there is no match between the crime scene DNA and a suspect or a database hit. By using FDP, we can predict appearance and biogeographical ancestry (BGA) of an unknown person. These DNA tests are currently being implemented in forensic casework in many countries. However, prior to implementation, the methods have to be evaluated and ...
  • Biogeographical Ancestry Analyses Using the ForenSeq™ DNA Signature Prep Kit and Multiple Prediction Tools 

    Salvo, Nina Mjølsnes; Olsen, Gunn-Hege; Berg, Thomas; Janssen, Kirstin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2024-04-18)
    The inference of biogeographical ancestry (BGA) can assist in police investigations of serious crime cases and help to identify missing people and victims of mass disasters. In this study, we evaluated the typing performance of 56 ancestry-informative SNPs in 177 samples using the ForenSeq™ DNA Signature Prep Kit on the MiSeq FGx system. Furthermore, we compared the prediction accuracy of the tools ...
  • Man`s Best Friend and Therapist`s Best Assistant? Exploring the Potential of Dog-Assisted Interventions in Norwegian Institutions 

    Wiik, Ida Kristina Gule (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-02)
    Humans and dogs have a long history together. The dog’s purpose has changed from being a practical tool to being a “co-therapist”. Today, animal-assisted therapy is a common phenomenon internationally. However, the evidence for animal-assisted interventions is not very recognised in Norway. The present study aimed to investigate dogs’ ability as a form of emotional support for people in therapy in ...
  • Lunch Break Environments and Their Effect on Psychological Detachment and Well-Being 

    Borge, Lars Nordby (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-02)
    With increasing attention to the importance of recovery experiences, particularly in mitigating workplace stress and promoting well-being, the present research seeks to contribute to the understanding of how environmental factors influence psychological detachment and emotional exhaustion during lunch breaks. Drawing upon theories from both environmental psychology and work and occupational psychology, ...
  • Exploring the Link between Mind Wandering and Reinforcement Learning through Behavioral Analysis and Pupillometry 

    Karayel, Ceylin Yagmur (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-02)
    Many studies have shown the negative effects of mind wandering (MW) on performance in sustained attention tasks, however, its effects on reinforcement learning (RL), a process based on reward- and loss-based learning, is an unexplored field. In the current study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between MW and RL by employing a novel RL task to observe how MW influences performance. In ...
  • Eternal Sunshine of the Positive Mind? A Qualitative Study Investigating Laypeople’s Diverse Definition of Positive Thinking 

    Primdahl, Marie Seberg (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
    We often receive advice to think positively when faced with difficulties as it is believed to be helpful by increasing motivation to solve tasks or even to treat illness. Despite its prevalence, positivity as cognition has not been sufficiently defined. Thus, this thesis investigates folk theories about positive thinking through two qualitative studies; focus group interviews (n=18) and an online ...
  • The Sky is the Limit: Breaking the Glass Ceiling as an Ethnic Minority in Organizations 

    Babiker, Samy (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
    People with an ethnic minority background are becoming more prevalent in Western societies, and are more represented in the workforce as a consequence. Negative stereotypes and attitudes towards ethnic minorities persist in terms of lack of skill and knowledge that leads to discrimination and negative outcomes in their career progression. These obstacles make a glass ceiling that limit the potential ...
  • Elementary Children’s Well-Being and The Effect of Siblings During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Comparison of Four European Countries 

    Ingen, Kornelia van (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
    Late in 2019, the world changed due to the spreading of the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) virus. As a consequence of this virus, governments decided to implement lockdowns and school closures, as a measure to reduce the spreading of the deadly virus. In the present work, we aimed to investigate the impact these lockdowns and school closures had on children’s well-being. We used a cross-country approach with ...
  • Are There Gender Differences in Children’s Understanding of Hidden Emotions? 

    Kolve, Nora (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
    This study investigated whether there are gender differences in children's understanding of hidden emotions. Additionally, it explored whether there are gender differences in hidden emotion understanding in different social contexts (peer vs. family) and for different emotion categories (submissive emotions vs. disharmonious emotions). Our sample included 27 children aged four to six years and 17 ...
  • The Use of Situational Cues When Thinking About Future Action: The Relevance of Visual Imagery and Relationship With Conscientiousness 

    Bjørkhaug Johansen, Kristin (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
    Previous research has found a relationship between the habitual inclusion of situational cues in thoughts about future action, self-regulation success, and the personality trait conscientiousness. The present research aimed to replicate previous correlational findings from Martiny-Huenger et al., (2022) as well as presenting a new aspect that might influence the effectiveness of situational cue-thought ...
  • Adjusting the Instruction-Based Congruency Effect to an Explicit cue Requires Practise 

    Aasen, Steffen Rygg (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
    Humans display an ability to rapidly adapt behaviour to novelly instructed relations. Instructions typically bind known stimuli and responses in novel ways that must be retained for future implementation, which can induce unintentional effects on a secondary task. This effect can be adjusted based on the degree of preparation for the retained instruction. Cues can be used to explicitly signal upcoming ...
  • Isolation and Biological Evaluation of Phomenins from the Marine Fungus Parafenestella sp. 

    Lesjø, Julie Marie (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-15)
    Background: Marine fungi are prolific producers of secondary metabolites. Phomenin A (2) and B (3) are secondary metabolites produced by Parafenestella sp. Previous studies have described them as bioactive, but due to the limited availability of pure compounds, their bioactivity has yet to be extensively characterised. These compounds were identified and isolated at Marbio, but the quantities obtained ...
  • Combined Contaminant Levels from Local Harvested Food Items in the Norwegian–Finnish–Russian Border Region 

    Nalbandyan-Schwarz, Anna; Pedersen, Kristine Bondo; Evenset, Anita; Heimstad, Eldbjørg Sofie; Sandanger, Torkjel Manning; Myllynen, Päivi; Rautio, Arja (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-08)
    This paper presents the results of a multidisciplinary study with the aim of assessing the potential combined risk from consuming locally harvested food products in the Euro-Arctic region of Norway, Finland, and Russia. The three important contaminant groups—radioactive substances, heavy metals, and persistent organic pollutants (POPs)—were measured in food samples such as berries, mushrooms, fish, ...
  • A Machine Learning Approach to Predict Post-stroke Fatigue. The Nor-COAST study 

    Luzum, Geske; Thrane, Gyrd; Aam, Stina; Eldholm, Rannveig Sakshaug; Grambaite, Ramune; Munthe-Kaas, Ragnhild; Thingstad, Anne Pernille Mæhle; Saltvedt, Ingvild; Askim, Torunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2024-01-17)
    Objective - This study aimed to predict fatigue 18 months post-stroke by utilizing comprehensive data from the acute and sub-acute phases after stroke in a machine-learning set-up.<p> <p>Design - A prospective multicenter cohort-study with 18-month follow-up.<p> <p>Setting - Outpatient clinics at 3 university hospitals and 2 local hospitals.<p> <p>Participants - 474 participants with the ...
  • The perception of the menstrual cycle, cycle-related symptoms, and hormonal contraception in female endurance athletes: The FENDURA project 

    Engseth, Tina Pettersen (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2024-06-18)
    <p><i>Background:</i> The current understanding of the menstrual cycle (MC) and hormonal contraceptive (HC) use in female athletes is scarce and the impact on training, performance, and recovery is inconclusive. Still, many athletes perceive MC/HC use and related symptoms to interfere with training, performance, and recovery. However, as most previous studies often include athletes from multiple ...
  • Aspects of spermatogenesis in immature and mature specimens of the long-lived Greenland shark: novelties concerning the germinal compartment’s assembly, complement of Sertoli cells and demise 

    McClusky, Leon Mendel; Nielsen, Julius; Christiansen, Jørgen Schou (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-06-07)
    Cystic spermatogenesis in the subadult, maturing and adult Greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalus) displays multiple novel features, characterized early on by an unorganized internal cellular environment of the spermatocysts (anatomically discrete follicle-like units containing a single germ cell stage and its complement of co-developing Sertoli cells). These typically show polar asymmetries due ...
  • AutoATES v2.0: Automated Avalanche Terrain Exposure Scale mapping 

    Toft, Håvard B.; Sykes, John; Schauer, Andrew; Hendrikx, Jordy; Hetland, Audun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-21)
    Avalanche risk assessment is complex and challenging, with terrain assessment as one of the most fundamental factors. To aid people's terrain assessment, Parks Canada developed the Avalanche Terrain Exposure Scale (ATES), a system that classifies the severity of avalanche terrain into five classes from non-avalanche terrain to extreme terrain. Manual classification is laborious and dependent on ...
  • Activity Profiles and Training Loads of Highly Trained Female Football Players 

    Winther, Andreas Kjæreng (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2024-06-27)
    Avhandlingen undersøkte kamp- og treningsbelastning hos kvinnelige fotballspillere på toppnivå i Norge. Ved å samle data fra fire Toppserien lag over to sesonger, analyserte vi spillernes aktivitetsnivå i kamp og i typiske treningsuker. Resultatene avslørte store forskjeller i aktivitet mellom ulike spillerposisjoner, spesielt med tanke på høyhastighetsløp og sprinter. Videre kom det frem at ...
  • Impact of physiotherapy access on health-related quality of life following hip fracture: an observational study on 30 752 hip fractures from the Norwegian Hip Fracture Register 2014–2018 

    Kjærvik, Cato; Gjertsen, Jan-Erik; Stensland, Eva; Taraldsen, Kristin; Uleberg, Bård Erling; Søreide, Odd (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-06-06)
    Objectives - The main objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics of patients receiving private community physiotherapy (PT) the first year after a hip fracture. Second, to determine whether utilisation of PT could improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL).<p> <p>Methods - In an observational cohort study, 30 752 hip fractures from the Norwegian Hip Fracture Register were ...
  • Karakteristika hos hjerneslagpasienter som fikk reperfusjonsbehandling ved UNN Tromsø i perioden 2017-2020 

    Holand, Astrid Adele (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-06-06)
    Bakgrunn: Innen behandling av hjerneslag har det skjedd store fremskritt de siste tiårene. Vi vet at effekten av reperfusjonsbehandling er enormt tidsavhengig, noe som setter store krav til logistikk og tverrfaglig samarbeid. Med dette følger økte kostnader og ressurser. For å forsikre seg at denne satsningen lønner seg for pasientene er det avgjørende med kvalitetssikring. Formålet med denne oppgaven ...

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