Recent additions

  • Level of education and risk for self-reported cardiovascular disease - The Tromsø Study, 1994-2016 

    Cathro, Celina Janene (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2021-11-27)
    Introduction & Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the most prevalent non-communicable diseases (NCDs) globally. In 2018, CVD claimed 12,091 lives in Norway, and between 2005-2016 approximately 21% of the Norwegian population were administered therapeutic drugs to treat or prevent CVD. The World Health Organization has created a target to reduce NCD deaths by 33% between 2010-2030 for ...
  • The association between macronutrients and severe musculoskeletal pain in the Tromsø7 study 

    Hashim, Sara (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2023-08-01)
    Musculoskeletal pain is a widespread health issue that affects millions of people worldwide. It refers to any chronic or acute pain that affects muscles, ligaments, bones, and tendons. The most common types of musculoskeletal pain are low back and neck pain, with low back pain being the primary cause of disability globally. People who experience musculoskeletal pain often face negative consequences, ...
  • Economic Evaluation of Home-Based Stroke Care – A systematic review 

    Teklezghi, Feben Dawit (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2023-08-01)
    Background: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) of 2019 ranked stroke, as both the second-leading cause of death and the third-leading cause of death and disability worldwide. As the burden of stroke has risen the past three decades, stroke has emerged as one of the current greatest public health issues worldwide of growing importance. During the past 40 years, healthcare expenditure has increased ...
  • Selvrapportert psykisk helse, ensomhet og sosial støtte blant innbyggere i Tromsø kommune, i grupper av kjønn, alder og sosioøkonomisk status: En del av Fylkeshelseundersøkelsen i Troms og Finnmark 2019 

    Endresen, Hege (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2023-08-01)
    Rationale for studie: Tromsø kommune har behov for et kunnskapsgrunnlag i sitt folkehelsearbeid. Det er spesielt viktig å undersøke grad av psykisk uhelse, ensomhet og sosial støtte i ulike grupper i befolkningen, da tidligere studier har vist forskjeller mellom kjønn, alders- og utdanningsgrupper. Eksisterende datakilder, som inkluderer folkehelserapporter fra Tromsøundersøkelsen og FHI’s ...
  • Progression and management of Prediabetes by socioeconomic status and health care consumption. The Tromsø Study 2007-2016 

    Yemane, Dagmawi (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2023-06-12)
    Background: Socioeconomic status and healthcare consumption are considered predictors of diabetes development and quality of blood glucose management. However, studies on the association between socioeconomic status and healthcare consumption in people with prediabetes and these outcomes are scarce. Objective: To examine the relationship between the development of diabetes in people with prediabetes ...
  • The association between alcohol consumption and self-rated health among adult Norwegian women. A cross-sectional study from the Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) cohort 

    Gebrelibanos, Merih Beraki (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2023-05-31)
    Abstract Background: After 1985, the proportion of women who drink alcohol in Norway has increased, narrowing the gender gap in alcohol consumption. In Norway, more women now drink alcohol than before. There is little evidence of an association between alcohol consumption and self-rated health (SRH) in Norwegian women. Therefore, this study aimed at the association between alcohol consumption and ...
  • Tying mobile health tools to the users’ needs – Motivational drivers 

    Pitz, Dorothee (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2023-05-30)
    <p>Objective: The primary aim of this thesis is to contribute novel insights into the distinctive attributes of ICT systems, with a particular emphasis on features preferred by users in the realm of mobile health (mHealth) applications and devices. The study aimed at identifying motivational factors that enhance and sustain the usage and adaption of mHealth applications, wearables, and trackers among ...
  • The effects of COVID-19 vaccination strategies on vaccine uptake in the Nordic Countries. A scoping review. 

    Adawy, Mohamed (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2023-06-05)
    1.1 Introduction The declaration of COVID-19 as a pandemic in 2020 by WHO helped in organizing efforts against the disease, including the manufacture of numerous vaccines. WHO recommended that all countries should vaccinate over 70% of their citizens. However, vaccination coverage is a goal that faces a lot of challenges, including vaccination hesitancy among others. This scoping review addresses ...
  • Forholdet mellom fysisk aktivitet og psykiske plager hos ungdomsskoleelever i Tromsø kommune. Resultater fra Ungdata 

    Lund, Yvonne (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2023-05-30)
    Økte psykiske plager hos ungdom over hele verden, samtidig med at mange ungdommer ikke oppfyller anbefalingene til helsemyndighetene. Forholdet mellom fysisk aktivitet og psykiske plager er ikke statistisk signifikant. Det er observert flere steder kjønnsforskjeller.
  • The association between visceral fat and lifestyle factors in an adult population: The Tromsø Study 2015-2016. 

    Kakuruwo, Geraldine Wadzanai (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2023-05-31)
    Introduction: Visceral fat (VAT) is the most metabolically, harmful type of body fat. It is in the abdomen and it surrounds organs like kidneys, pancreas and liver and is associated with higher risk for morbidity. VAT is accurately measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Due to the imbalance between energy intake and expenditure, excessive VAT accumulation occurs; therefore, a healthy ...
  • Effect of telemedicine for patients with chronic kidney disease who perform dialysis at home: a systematic review 

    Nygård, Henriette Tyse (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-06-29)
    Introduction and background: The world’s population is getting older, and the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) rises parallel with age. CKD is a major public health concern, characterised by poor health outcomes and a high economic burden for society as well as for the individual. With an aging population, there is an increasing need to organize healthcare services in alternative ways. ...
  • SSRI-use, depression, and socioeconomic status among Norwegian adult women – A cross-sectional study with data from the NOWAC-study 

    Waag, Natalie (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-12-28)
    <p><i>Introduction -</i> Depressive disorders affect a significant part of the population, and its effects can be debilitating. Such disorders have a higher prevalence among women and previous studies have shown that there is a consistent association between SES and depression, and between SES and SSRI-use. The primary aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between SES ...
  • The social gradient in Subjective Well-being (SWB) 

    Adhikari, Jaya (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-11-30)
    Background: The Social gradient in Subjective wellbeing (SWB) exists in countries, and in individuals, either rich or poor, and the pattern can be seen when looking at the factors of Socio-economic Position (SEP) is a strong predictor of SWB and as well as a popular concept in health and happiness research. Aim: The main aim of this paper is firstly, to determine whether there are socio-economic ...
  • Depression in an adult Norwegian population: prevalence and associated factors in the Tromsø Study 7 

    Dhakal, Renuka (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-12-01)
    Introduction: The burden of depression is considerable worldwide as it is one of the leading causes of disability. People with depression can experience symptoms like loss of interest, feeling sad or depressed, feeling worthless, unnecessary guilt, suicidal thoughts, fatigue, and decreased pleasure. Depression can affect the personal, social, and work life of people as well as may lead to self-harm ...
  • Association of pre-diagnostic vitamin D level with postmenopausal breast cancer risk: A systematic review 

    Subedi, Sibila (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-12-01)
    Introduction: Breast cancer is a disease in which there is a rapid multiplying of cells in the breast. It has been a serious concern as it is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among women, especially in the old-age group. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is consumed via diet or produced when the ultraviolet (UV) rays of the sun make contact with the skin. Its putative anticarcinogenic ...
  • Number of children and risk of hormone receptor-positive versus hormone receptor-negative breast cancer 

    Basnyat, Samyukta (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-11-30)
    Introduction: With around 2.3 million cases, breast cancer became the most frequently diagnosed cancer in 2020 surpassing lung cancer cases and mortality. Based on histology and molecular characteristics, hormone receptor-positive (HR+) cancer has tumors with both estrogen and progesterone receptors. On the contrary, hormone receptor-negative (HR-) cancer has tumors not expressing estrogen or ...
  • Overweight and obesity among children – Is there an association between school provided meals and BMI changes? 

    Reinikainen, Mikaela (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-11-28)
    Overweight and obesity has become a worldwide problem in the last decades. Among children aged 5-19, overweight and obesity prevalence has risen from 4% in 1975 to 18% in 2016. Children with overweight and obesity are also more likely to stay obese into adulthood. The consequences of being overweight and obese in childhood increases the risk of several non-communicable diseases and early morbidity. For ...
  • Exploring the utilization of healthcare resources in elderly patients with COPD 

    Andreassen, Ida-Kristine (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-11-28)
    Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains a major health problem worldwide (1) and the prevalence of COPD continues to increase (2, 3). It is a major cause of multimorbidity and mortality in Norway (4) and the healthcare utilization by COPD- patients is expected to increase in the future (5). To effectively allocate healthcare resources, it is necessary to have knowledge about ...
  • The association between multimorbidity and primary healthcare utilization in South-Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority 

    Mørken, Karianne (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-06-30)
    Background: Multimorbidity is one of the greatest health-related challenges worldwide. Multimorbidity is associated with several outcomes, such as lower quality of life and higher disability. The main aim of this study was to explore the association between multimorbidity and the use of healthcare services in primary healthcare. Method: In a register-based, cross-sectional study we extracted data ...
  • Folkehelseperspektivet i kommunalt arbeid med bærekraftmålene – En komparativ case-studie av styringsdokumenter i to norske kommuner 

    Aarethun, Vilde (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-06-14)
    FNs bærekraftmål representerer en ny milepæl i det globale arbeidet med bærekraftig utvikling, og kommunene og fylkeskommunene er utpekt til nøkkelaktører for å realisere bærekraftmålene og en bærekraftig samfunnsutvikling i Norge. Flere studier viser imidlertid at begreper både relatert til folkehelse og bærekraft kan oppleves utfordrende å implementere og operasjonalisere i lokalt planverk når det ...

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