Recent additions

  • The Association between the Energy-adjusted Dietary Inflammatory Index and the Risk of Colorectal Cancer in The Norwegian Women and Cancer Study (NOWAC) 

    Berg, Anna Emilie Vinje (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2023-05-15)
    Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancer types and a leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Norwegian women had the highest incidence rate in 2020 compared to women in other countries. Existing evidence suggests that the dietary inflammatory potential is associated with the risk of CRC and that the risk may vary by anatomical subsite. However, the findings are inconsistent ...
  • Associations between intake of dairy products and colorectal lesions in the Norwegian CRCbiome study: a cross-sectional study 

    Grønvik, Frøya Berg (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2023-05-15)
    Background: Intake of dairy is associated with lower risk of CRC. It is, however, unclear whether this risk reduction applies to all types of dairy products and whether it also applies to precancerous lesions. Aim/objective: To examine the association between intake of dairy products and CRC screening findings (non-advanced lesions and advanced colorectal lesions (ACN)) in participants with a ...
  • Effect of ketosis on pain and quality of life in women with lipedema. 

    Sandnes, Frida Huhta (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-13)
    Background: Lipedema is an adipose tissue condition in females characterized by immobility, pain, and reduced quality of life (QoL). Recent publications indicate that ketogenic diets may induce symptom relief in women with lipedema. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of a low-energy ketogenic diet on pain and QoL in women with lipedema, compared to a low-energy non-ketogenic ...
  • Investigating the effects of the ketone body ß-hydroxybutyrate and the anti-cancer compound MHP88 on glioblastoma multiforme cells in vitro 

    Sønslien, Anna Øien (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2021-05-16)
    Introduction: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive human brain tumor with a mean survival of 15 months. It is therefore necessary to explore new treatment strategies, and to study how different hallmarks of cancer can be utilized in this regard. The marine natural product mimic MHP88 can attack the cancer cells’ ability to evade immune destruction by inducing immunogenic cell death ...
  • Assessing the effectiveness of if-then plans to facilitate increased fruit and vegetable intake in adults 

    Melum, Sanne Karlsen (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2023-05-15)
    Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are prevalent, causing high rates of morbidity and mortality. A diet rich in fruit and vegetables are important in the prevention and management of NCDs. If-then plans is a planning strategy that could facilitate eating behaviour change by creating a mental link between a cue and a response in an “If…, then…”-structure. The aim was to investigate the effectiveness ...
  • Weight change desire and dietary habits among young females and males in Tromsø and Balsfjord: The Fit Future 2 Study 

    Colding-Jarkowski, Benjamin (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-18)
    It is not unusual for adolescents and young adults to have a desire to change their weight – either a desire to gain weight or reduce weight. Young men, on a general basis, want to increase their weight, while young women often want to decrease their weight. It is of concern that a larger number of both men and women with healthy weight wish to change their weight. In this thesis the aim was to ...
  • Intake of marine fatty acids in early life and risk of celiac disease 

    Thesen, Mari (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2021-05-18)
    Background: About 1% of the European population are affected by celiac disease (CD). Intake of omega-3 fatty acids in early life has been associated with lower risk of other immune-mediated diseases in children, but there are limited studies on CD. The primary aim of this thesis was to investigate if maternal intake of EPA and DHA during pregnancy, from food and/or supplements, was associated with ...
  • The long-term effect of carbohydrate intake differing in quantity and quality on appetite in people with obesity - results from a randomized controlled trial (CARBFUNC) 

    Gjerde, Eirin Semb (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2021-05-17)
    Background: Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for å series of health consequences. A better understanding of appetite regulation can be an important part of providing treatment strategies. When weight is lost, several physiological adaptations, including changes in appetite, take place. Dietary composition seems to affect appetite, and both carbohydrate quantity and quality may play a ...
  • Inflammatory potential of the diet and risk of fibromyalgia in The Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) study 

    Ellingsen, Elise (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-16)
    Background: Fibromyalgia is a common condition in the general population and is recognized as one of the most common conditions related to chronic pain and rheumatology. Fibromyalgia is a condition with severe burden on those affected, and furthermore an economical burden on society. Nevertheless, the etiology is yet to be fully clarified. It has been suggested that inflammation could be a part of ...
  • High intake of Ultra-Processed Foods and risk of Colorectal Cancer: The Norwegian Women and Cancer study 

    Mols, Rie (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-15)
    Background: Norway is one of the countries with the highest rate of colorectal cancer (CRC). Previous research on diet and CRC has been heavily based on nutrients and foods, but new findings indicate that the way we process food may be of importance. However, the findings are contradictory. Further, new findings indicate that CRC risk factors might affect colorectal subsites differently. As the ...
  • Vitamin A consumption in pregnancy and risk of offspring type 1 diabetes 

    Øien, Marit Zachariassen (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-15)
    Background and aim: Vitamin A have been shown to influence immunity, and animal studies have shown that maternal vitamin A intake could have immunomodulatory effects that may influence offspring type 1 diabetes (T1D) development. There are few human studies that have investigated the association between vitamin A consumption and T1D. This study aimed to examine the association between maternal vitamin ...
  • The interaction between skeletal muscle mass and visceral adipose tissue in association with inflammatory- and metabolic biomarkers 

    Jakobsen, Rasmus Dahl (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-15)
    Obesity has become a global health issue and visceral obesity are associated with several lifestyle diseases. Muscle tissue are known to have anti-inflammatory effects, but how the muscle tissue influences the negative association between visceral obesity and inflammatory- and metabolic biomarkers are a not known. The present thesis aims to investigate the association between different body compositions ...
  • Gratis frokost i videregående skole fra kantinepersonell sitt perspektiv - en kvalitativ studie 

    Theodorsen, Merete (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-13)
    Bakgrunn: Skolemåltider er på den politiske dagsorden og Regjeringen foreslår gradvis innføring av et daglig måltid i skolen. Ulike skolemåltider er prøvd ut i Norge, men lite er knyttet til forskning. De fleste videregående skoler har kantiner og kantinepersonell kan sitte på verdifull erfaring og opplevelser som vil være nyttig ved innføring av skolemåltider nasjonalt. Hensikt: Undersøke ...
  • Dietary intake and changes in relation to BMI SDS and metabolic measures in a childhood obesity intervention – Finnmark Activity School 

    Berglund, Thea (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-05-16)
    Background: Overweight and obesity in childhood doubles the risk of becoming overweight as an adult, as well as it increases the risk of related comorbidities. Cardiovascular diseases are a consequence of obesity and the most common cause of death worldwide. Diet and physical activity are modifiable causes of overweight. Overweight and obesity should be prevented, but treatment must be optimized as ...
  • Fluorinated compounds, including a novel oxidizable fraction in blood of Norwegian women and their predictors - the Norwegian Women and Cancer Study 

    van Dreunen, Wendy (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2021-05-18)
    Per and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and more than 4000 different PFASs can be found today. They are used in several industrial applications (greaseproof paper, firefighting foam, stain repellents) because of their hydrophobic and lipophobic characteristics. PFOS (a perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acid (PFSA)) and PFOA (a perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acid (PFCA)) ...
  • Prediagnostisk inntak av vitamin D og insidens av tykk- og endetarmskreft i den norske Kvinner og kreft-studien (NOWAC) 

    Paulsen, Elise Marlen (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2021-05-16)
    Formål: Hensikten med denne oppgaven var å undersøke sammenhengen mellom prediagnostisk inntak av vitamin D og insidens av kreft i tykk- og endetarm (CRC), kreft i tykktarm, kreft i høyre- eller venstre side av tykktarm og kreft i endetarm. Metode: Data fra 95416 kvinner som deltok i den norske Kvinner og kreft-studien ble inkludert. Sammenhengen ble undersøkt ved bruk av to repeterte målinger på ...