Now showing items 1-20 of 1241

    • 16 år med samarbeid om arbeidshelse i nordområdene 

      Höper, Anje Christina; Skandfer, Morten (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      De siste tjue årene har nordområdene gått fra periferi til satsingsområde for mange land, ikke minst Norge. Dette har vært drevet av ønsker om økt ressursbasert verdiskapning, klimaendringer, bærekraftig utvikling og sikkerhetspolitikk. Det påvirker lokalsamfunn, miljøet, bedrifter, arbeidsplasser og innbyggere. Behovet for økt kunnskap og gode tjenester er stort.
    • 5-type HPV mRNA versus 14-type HPV DNA test: test performance, over-diagnosis and overtreatment in triage of women with minor cervical lesions 

      Westre, Bjørn; Giske, Anita; Guttormsen, Hilde; Sørbye, Sveinung Wergeland; Skjeldestad, Finn Egil (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-06-07)
    • Abdominal symptoms in general practice: Frequency, cancer suspicions raised, and actions taken by GPs in six European countries. Cohort study with prospective registration of cancer 

      Holtedahl, Knut A.; Borgquist, Lars; Donker, Gé A.; Buntinx, Frank; Weller, David; Braaten, Tonje; Hjertholm, Peter; Månsson, Jörgen; Strandberg, Eva Lena; Campbell, Christine; Ellegaard, Lisbeth; Parajuli, Ranjan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-06)
      Background<br> Abdominal symptoms are diagnostically challenging to general practitioners (GPs): although common, they may indicate cancer. In a prospective cohort of patients, we examined abdominal symptom frequency, initial diagnostic suspicion, and actions of GPs in response to abdominal symptoms.<p> Methods<br> Over a 10-day period, 493 GPs in Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Belgium, the Netherlands, ...
    • Achieving Thoracic Oncology data collection in Europe: a precursor study in 35 Countries 

      Rich, Anna; Baldwin, David; Alfageme, Inmaculada; Beckett, Paul; Berghmans, Thierry; Brincat, Stephen; Burghuber, Otto C.; Corlateanu, Alexandru; Cufer, Tanja; Damhuis, Ronald; Edvardas, Danila; Domagala-Kulawik, Joanna; Stefano, Elia; Mina, Gaga; Tuncay, Goksel; Bogdan, Grigoriu; Hillerdal, Gunnar; Huber, Rudolf Maria; Jakobsen, Erik; Jonsson, Steinn; Jovanovic, Dragana; Kavcova, Elena; Konsoulova, Assia; Laisaar, Tanel; Makitaro, Riitta; Mehic, Bakir; Milroy, Robert; Moldva, Judit; Morgan, Ross; Nanushi, Milda; Paesmans, Marianne; Putora, Paul Martin; Samarzija, Miroslav; Scherpereel, Arnaud; Schlesser, Marc; Sculier, Jean-Paul; Skrickova, Jana; Sotto-Mayor, Renato; Strand, Trond-Eirik; van Schil, Paul E.; Blum, Torsten-Gerriet (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-20)
      <i>Background</i>: A minority of European countries have participated in international comparisons with high level data on lung cancer. However, the nature and extent of data collection across the continent is simply unknown, and without accurate data collection it is not possible to compare practice and set benchmarks to which lung cancer services can aspire.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: Using an ...
    • ACSM Expert Consensus Statement: Injury Prevention and Exercise Performance during Cold-Weather Exercise 

      Castellani, John; Eglin, Clare; Ikäheimo, Tiina; Montgomery, Hugh; Paal, Peter; Tipton, Mike (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-11-01)
      Cold injury can result from exercising at low temperatures and can impair exercise performance or cause lifelong debility or death. This consensus statement provides up-to-date information on the pathogenesis, nature, impacts, prevention, and treatment of the most common cold injuries.
    • Active commuting and work ability: A cross-sectional study of chicken meat industry workers in Thailand 

      Phanprasit, Wantanee; Chotiphan, Chotirot; Konthonbut, Pajaree; Laohaudomchok, Wisanti; Ikäheimo, Tiina; Jaakkola, Jouni J.K.; Näyhä, Simo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-08-11)
      There is ample evidence regarding positive health effects of cycling or walking to work (active commuting [AC]). However, little is known about the effects of AC on work ability. Therefore, we examined 422 Thai chicken meat industry workers who assessed their current work ability (CWA) compared to their lifetime best by assigning scores ranging from 0 to 10. The CWA was compared between active ...
    • Acute high-dose and chronic lifetime exposure to alcohol consumption and differentiated thyroid cancer: T-CALOS Korea 

      Hwang, Yunji; Lee, Kyu Eun; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Park, Young Joo; Chai, Young Jun; Kwon, Hyungju; Park, Do Joon; Cho, BeLong; Choi, Ho-Chun; Kang, Daehee; Park, Sue K (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-03-17)
      Background:<br> This study evaluated the effects of acute high-dose and chronic lifetime exposure to alcohol and exposure patterns on the development of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC).<br> Methods:<br> The Thyroid Cancer Longitudinal Study (T-CALOS) included 2,258 DTC patients (449 men and 1,809 women) and 22,580 healthy participants (4,490 men and 18,090 women) who were individually ...
    • Acute psychiatric admissions from an out-of-hours Casualty Clinic. How do referring doctors and admitting specialists agree? 

      Deraas, Trygve Sigvart; Giæver, Anton; Hansen, Vidje; Olstad, Reidun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2006-03-29)
      Background: Over the last decades there has been an increasing pressure on the acute psychiatric wards in Norway. The major contributor to psychiatric acute admissions at the University Hospital of North Norway in the city of Tromsø in 2001 was the GP-based Tromsø Casualty Clinic, only open out-of-hours. We explored all acute psychiatric referrals from Tromsø Casualty Clinic in 2001. The purpose ...
    • Adapting and Going the Extra Mile: A Qualitative Study of Palliative Care in Rural Northern Norway From the Perspective of Healthcare Providers 

      Ervik, Bente; Brøndbo, Birgit; Johansen, May-Lill (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-24)
      Background - Despite significant developments in palliative care in recent decades, we still find important differences in access to and delivery of care in rural Norway.<p> <p>Objective - The aim of this study was to explore what healthcare professionals consider necessary to provide equality in care for palliative patients in rural areas.<p> <p>Methods - A qualitative approach with focus ...
    • Adding marrow adiposity and cortical porosity to femoral neck areal bone mineral density improves the discrimination of women with nonvertebral fractures from controls 

      Zebaze, Roger; Osima, Marit; Bui, Minh; Lukic, Marko; Wang, Xiaofang; Ghasem-Zadeh, Ali; Eriksen, Erik Fink; Vais, Angela; Shore-Lorenti, Catherine; Ebeling, Peter R.; Seeman, Ego; Bjørnerem, Åshild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-18)
      Advancing age is accompanied by a reduction in bone formation and remodeling imbalance, which produces microstructural deterioration. This may be partly caused by a diversion of mesenchymal cells towards adipocytes rather than osteoblast lineage cells. We hypothesized that microstructural deterioration would be associated with an increased marrow adiposity, and each of these traits would be independently ...
    • Adherence and persistence to pharmacotherapy in patients with heart failure: a nationwide cohort study, 2014–2020 

      Ødegaard, Kristina Malene; Lirhus, Sandre Svatun; Melberg, Hans Olav; Hallen, Jonas; Halvorsen, Sigrun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-10-20)
      Aims - We aimed to study initiation, adherence, and long-term persistence to beta-blockers (BB), renin–angiotensin system inhibitors (RASi), and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA) in a nationwide cohort of patients with heart failure (HF).<p> <p>Methods - Patients aged 18–80 years in Norway with a first diagnosis of HF from 2014 until 2020 that survived ≥30 days were identified from the ...
    • Adherence to a Western dietary pattern and risk of bladder cancer: A pooled analysis of 13 cohort studies of the Bladder Cancer Epidemiology and Nutritional Determinants international study 

      Dianatinasab, Mostafa; Wesselius, Anke; Salehi-Abargouei, Amin; Yu, Evan Y. W.; Brinkman, Maree; Fararouei, Mohammad; van den Brandt, Piet; White, Emily; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Calvez-Kelm, Florence Le; Gunter, Marc; Huybrechts, Inge; Liedberg, Fredrik; Skeie, Guri; Tjonneland, Anne; Riboli, Elio; Giles, Graham G.; Milne, Roger L.; Zeegers, Maurice P. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-24)
      Little is known about the association of diet with risk of bladder cancer. This might be due to the fact that the majority of studies have focused on single food items, rather than dietary patterns, which may better capture any influence of diet on bladder cancer risk. We aimed to investigate the association between a measure of Western dietary pattern and bladder cancer risk. Associations between ...
    • Adherence to mediterranean diet and the risk of differentiated thyroid cancer in a European cohort: The EPIC study 

      Llaha, Fjorida; Cayssials, Valerie; Farràs, Marta; Agudo, Antonio; Sandström, Maria; Eriksen, Anne Kirstine; Tjønneland, Anne; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Laouali, Nasser; Truong, Thérèse; Le Cornet, Charlotte; Katzke, Verena; Schulze, Matthias; Palli, Domenico; Krogh, Vittorio; Signoriello, Simona; Tumino, Rosario; Ricceri, Fulvio; Skeie, Guri; Jensen, Torill Miriam Enget; Chen, Sairah Lai Fa; Lasheras, Cristina; Rodriguez-Barranco, Miguel; Amiano, Pilar; Huerta, José María; Guevara, Marcela; Almquist, Martin; Nilson, Lena Maria; Hennings, Joakim; Papier, Keren; Heath, Alicia; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Rinaldi, Sabina; Zamora-Ros, Raul (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-02)
      Background: The Mediterranean diet (MD) has been proposed as a healthy diet with a potential to lower the incidence of several types of cancer, but there is no data regarding thyroid cancer (TC). We investigated the association between MD adherence, and its components, and the differentiated TC risk within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort.<p> <p>Methods: ...
    • Adherence to the Healthy Nordic Food Index in the Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) cohort 

      Enget, Torill; Braaten, Tonje; Jacobsen, Bjarne K.; Barnung, Runa Borgund; Olsen, Anja; Skeie, Guri (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-12)
      <p><i>Background</i>: High adherence to the Healthy Nordic Food Index has been associated with better health outcomes, but the results have not been consistent. The association between high adherence and higher intake of energy and healthy and less healthy foods has been persistent across countries, highlighting the need to examine potential confounding by energy intake.</p> <p><i>Objective</i>: ...
    • Adherence to the healthy Nordic food index, dietary composition, and lifestyle among Swedish women 

      Roswall, Nina; Eriksson, Ulf; Sandin, Sven; Löf, Marie; Olsen, Anja; Skeie, Guri; Adami, Hans Olov; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-03-11)
      <p>Background: Studies examining diet scores in relation to health outcomes are gaining ground. Thus, control for dietary factors not part of the score, and lifestyle associated with adherence, is required to allow for a causal interpretation of studies on diet scores and health outcomes. <p>Objective: The study objective is to describe and investigate dietary composition, micronutrient density, ...
    • Adherence to the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research cancer prevention recommendations and risk of in situ breast cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort 

      Karavasiloglou, Nena; Hüsing, Anika; Masala, Giovanna; van Gils, Carla H.; Fortner, Renée Turzanski; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Huybrechts, Inge; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Gunter, Marc; Arveux, Patrick; Fournier, Agnès; Kvaskoff, Marina; Tjønneland, Anne; Kyrø, Cecilie; Dahm, Christina C.; Vistisen, Helene Tilma; Bakker, Marije F.; Sánchez, María-José; Chirlaque López, María Dolores; Santiuste, Carmen; Ardanaz, Eva; Menéndez, Virginia; Agudo, Antonio; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Karakatsani, Anna; La Vecchia, Carlo; Peppa, Eleni; Palli, Domenico; Agnoli, Claudia; Panico, Salvatore; Tumino, Rosario; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Butt, Salma Tunå; Borgquist, Signe; Skeie, Guri; Schulze, Matthias; Key, Timothy; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Tsilidis, Konstantinos K.; Ellingjord-Dale, Merete; Riboli, Elio; Kaaks, Rudolf; Dossus, Laure; Rohrmann, Sabine; Kühn, Tilman (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-02)
      <i>Background</i> - Even though in situ breast cancer (BCIS) accounts for a large proportion of the breast cancers diagnosed, few studies have investigated potential risk factors for BCIS. Their results suggest that some established risk factors for invasive breast cancer have a similar impact on BCIS risk, but large population-based studies on lifestyle factors and BCIS risk are lacking. Thus, ...
    • Adipokines and inflammation markers and risk of differentiated thyroid carcinoma: The EPIC study 

      Dossus, Laure; Franceschi, Silvia; Biessy, Carine; Navionis, Anne-Sophie; Travis, Ruth C.; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Scalbert, Augustin; Romieu, Isabelle; Tjønneland, Anne; Olsen, Anja; Overvad, Kim; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Bonnet, Fabrice; Fournier, Agnès; Fortner, Renée Turzanski; Kaaks, Rudolf; Aleksandrova, Krasimira; Trichopoulou, Antonia; La Vecchia, Carlo; Peppa, Eleni; Tumino, Rosario; Panico, Salavatore; Palli, Domenico; Agnoli, Claudia; Vineis, Paolo; Bueno-de-Mesquita, Hendrik Bastiaan; Peeters, Petra H.; Skeie, Guri; Zamora-Ros, Raul; Chirlaque, María-Dolores; Ardanaz, Eva; Sánchez, Maria-Jose; Quirós, Jose Ramón; Dorronsoro, Miren; Sandström, Maria; Nilsson, Lena Maria; Schmidt, Julie A.; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Tsilidis, Konstantinos K.; Aune, Dagfinn; Riboli, Elio; Rinaldi, Sabina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-23)
      Other than the influence of ionizing radiation and benign thyroid disease, little is known about the risk factors for differentiated thyroid cancer (TC) which is an increasing common cancer worldwide. Consistent evidence shows that body mass is positively associated with TC risk. As excess weight is a state of chronic inflammation, we investigated the relationship between concentrations of leptin, ...
    • Adiposity and asthma in adults: a bidirectional Mendelian randomization analysis of the HUNT Study 

      Sun, Yi-Qian; Brumpton, Ben Michael; Langhammer, Arnulf; Chen, Yue; Kvaløy, Kirsti; Mai, Xiao-Mei (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-14)
      <i>Background</i> - We aimed to investigate the potential causal associations of adiposity with asthma overall, asthma by atopic status or by levels of symptom control in a large adult population and stratified by sex. We also investigated the potential for reverse causation between asthma and risk of adiposity.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - We performed a bidirectional one-sample Mendelian randomisation ...
    • Adiposity, hormone replacement therapy use and breast cancer risk by age and hormone receptor status: a large prospective cohort study 

      Ritte, Rebecca; Lukanova, Annekatrin; Berrino, Franco; Dossus, Laure; Tjønneland, Anne; Olsen, Anja; Overvad, Thure F.; Overvad, Kim; Clavel-Chapelon, Françoise; Fournier, Agnes; Fagherazzi, Guy; Rohrmann, Sabine; Teucher, Birgit; Boeing, Heiner; Aleksandrova, Krasimira; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Lagiou, Pagona; Trichopoulos, Dimitrios; Palli, Domenico; Sieri, Sabina; Panico, Salvatore; Tumino, Rosario; Vineis, Paolo; Quiros, Jose R; Buckland, Genevieve; Sanchez, Maria-José; Amiano, Pilar; Chirlaque, María Dolores; Ardanaz, Eva; Sund, Malin; Lenner, Per; Bueno-de-Mesquita, Bas; van Gils, Carla H.; Peeters, Petra H.M.; Krum-Hansen, Sanda; Gram, Inger Torhild; Lund, Eiliv; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Wareham, Nick; Allen, Naomi E.; Key, Timothy J.; Romieu, Isabelle; Rinaldi, Sabina; Siddiq, Afshan; Cox, David; Riboli, Elio; Kaaks, Rudolf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012-05-14)
      Introduction: Associations of hormone-receptor positive breast cancer with excess adiposity are reasonably well characterized; however, uncertainty remains regarding the association of body mass index (BMI) with hormonereceptor negative malignancies, and possible interactions by hormone replacement therapy (HRT) use. Methods: Within the European EPIC cohort, Cox proportional hazards models were used ...
    • Adult weight change and premenopausal breast cancer risk: A prospective pooled analysis of data from 628,463 women 

      Schoemaker, Minouk J.; Nichols, Hazel B.; Wright, Lauren B.; Brook, Mark N.; Jones, Michael E.; O'Brien, Katie M.; Adami, Hans Olov; Baglietto, Laura; Bernstein, Leslie; Bertrand, Kimberly A.; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Chen, Yu; Connor, Avonne E.; Dossus, Laure; Eliassen, A. Heather; Giles, Graham G; Gram, Inger Torhild; Hankinson, Susan E.; Kaaks, Rudolf; Key, Timothy J.; Kirsh, Victoria A.; Kitahara, Cari M.; Larsson, Susanna C.; Linet, Martha; Ma, Huiyan; Milne, Roger L.; Ozasa, Kotaro; Palmer, Julie R.; Riboli, Elio; Rohan, Thomas E.; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Sadakane, Atsuko; Sund, Malin; Tamimi, Rulla M.; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Ursin, Giske; Visvanathan, Kala; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Willett, Walter C.; Wolk, Alicja; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Anne; Sandler, Dale P.; Swerdlow, Anthony J. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-03)
      Early‐adulthood body size is strongly inversely associated with risk of premenopausal breast cancer. It is unclear whether subsequent changes in weight affect risk. We pooled individual‐level data from 17 prospective studies to investigate the association of weight change with premenopausal breast cancer risk, considering strata of initial weight, timing of weight change, other breast cancer risk ...