• 5-type HPV mRNA versus 14-type HPV DNA test: test performance, over-diagnosis and overtreatment in triage of women with minor cervical lesions 

      Westre, Bjørn; Giske, Anita; Guttormsen, Hilde; Sørbye, Sveinung Wergeland; Skjeldestad, Finn Egil (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-06-07)
    • Abdominal symptoms in general practice: Frequency, cancer suspicions raised, and actions taken by GPs in six European countries. Cohort study with prospective registration of cancer 

      Holtedahl, Knut A.; Borgquist, Lars; Donker, Gé A.; Buntinx, Frank; Weller, David; Braaten, Tonje; Hjertholm, Peter; Månsson, Jörgen; Strandberg, Eva Lena; Campbell, Christine; Ellegaard, Lisbeth; Parajuli, Ranjan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-06)
      Background<br> Abdominal symptoms are diagnostically challenging to general practitioners (GPs): although common, they may indicate cancer. In a prospective cohort of patients, we examined abdominal symptom frequency, initial diagnostic suspicion, and actions of GPs in response to abdominal symptoms.<p> Methods<br> Over a 10-day period, 493 GPs in Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Belgium, the Netherlands, ...
    • Acute high-dose and chronic lifetime exposure to alcohol consumption and differentiated thyroid cancer: T-CALOS Korea 

      Hwang, Yunji; Lee, Kyu Eun; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Park, Young Joo; Chai, Young Jun; Kwon, Hyungju; Park, Do Joon; Cho, BeLong; Choi, Ho-Chun; Kang, Daehee; Park, Sue K (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-03-17)
      Background:<br> This study evaluated the effects of acute high-dose and chronic lifetime exposure to alcohol and exposure patterns on the development of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC).<br> Methods:<br> The Thyroid Cancer Longitudinal Study (T-CALOS) included 2,258 DTC patients (449 men and 1,809 women) and 22,580 healthy participants (4,490 men and 18,090 women) who were individually ...
    • Acute psychiatric admissions from an out-of-hours Casualty Clinic. How do referring doctors and admitting specialists agree? 

      Deraas, Trygve Sigvart; Giæver, Anton; Hansen, Vidje; Olstad, Reidun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2006-03-29)
      Background: Over the last decades there has been an increasing pressure on the acute psychiatric wards in Norway. The major contributor to psychiatric acute admissions at the University Hospital of North Norway in the city of Tromsø in 2001 was the GP-based Tromsø Casualty Clinic, only open out-of-hours. We explored all acute psychiatric referrals from Tromsø Casualty Clinic in 2001. The purpose ...
    • Adherence to the Healthy Nordic Food Index in the Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) cohort 

      Enget, Torill; Braaten, Tonje; Jacobsen, Bjarne K.; Barnung, Runa Borgund; Olsen, Anja; Skeie, Guri (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-12)
      <p><i>Background</i>: High adherence to the Healthy Nordic Food Index has been associated with better health outcomes, but the results have not been consistent. The association between high adherence and higher intake of energy and healthy and less healthy foods has been persistent across countries, highlighting the need to examine potential confounding by energy intake.</p> <p><i>Objective</i>: ...
    • Adherence to the healthy Nordic food index, dietary composition, and lifestyle among Swedish women 

      Roswall, Nina; Eriksson, Ulf; Sandin, Sven; Löf, Marie; Olsen, Anja; Skeie, Guri; Adami, Hans Olov; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-03-11)
      <p>Background: Studies examining diet scores in relation to health outcomes are gaining ground. Thus, control for dietary factors not part of the score, and lifestyle associated with adherence, is required to allow for a causal interpretation of studies on diet scores and health outcomes. <p>Objective: The study objective is to describe and investigate dietary composition, micronutrient density, ...
    • Adverse effects of homeopathy, what do we know? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials 

      Stub, Trine; Musial, Frauke; Kristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter; Alræk, Terje; Liu, Jianping (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-03-26)
      Objectives:<br>Homeopathy is a popular treatment modality among patient, however there is sparse research about adverse effects of homeopathy. A concept unique for homeopathy, is homeopathic aggravation that is understood as a transient worsening of the patients’ symptoms before an expected improvement occurs. From a risk perspective it is vital that a distinction between homeopathic aggravations ...
    • Adverse effects of non-hormonal pharmacological interventions in breast cancer survivors, suffering from hot flashes: A systematic review and meta-analysis 

      Stub, Trine; Hervik, Jill Brook (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-10-05)
      Purpose: To access frequency and severity of adverse effects (AE) of non-hormonal drugs (NHD) for hot flashes in breast cancer survivors compared to controls and analyze adverse-effect risk by reviewing published randomized trials. <p>Methods: Cochrane Central Register for Controlled Trials, Embase, Medline, PsycINFO and PubMed databases were searched. Trials were included where participants ...
    • Alcohol and suicide in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug and Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia 

      Sumarokov, Yury; Brenn, Tormod; Kudryavtsev, Alexander Valerievich; Sidorenkov, Oleg; Nilssen, Odd (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-01-23)
      Background. High suicide rates in the Russian North are coupled with high alcohol consumption in the described populations. Objective. To investigate the potential role of alcohol consumption on suicides in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug (NAO) in 2002 2012 and to compare this information with corresponding data from the neighboring Arkhangelsk Oblast (AO). Design. Retrospective population-based ...
    • Alcohol consumption and risk of urothelial cell bladder cancer in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition cohort 

      Botteri, Edoardo; Ferrari, Pietro; Roswall, Nina; Tjønneland, Anne; Hjartåker, Anette; Huerta, José María; Fortner, Renée Turzanski; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Karakatsani, Anna; La Vecchia, Carlo; Pala, Valeria; Pérez-Cornago, Aurora; Sonestedt, Emily; Liedberg, Fredrik; Overvad, Kim; Sánchez, María-José; Gram, Inger Torhild; Stepien, Magdalena; Trijsburg, Laura; Ljungberg, Börje; Johansson, Mikael B.; Kühn, Tilman; Panico, Salvatore; Tumino, Rosario; Bueno-De-Mesquita, Hendrik Bastiaan; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-07-31)
      Findings on the association between alcohol consumption and bladder cancer are inconsistent. We investigated that association in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort. We included 476,160 individuals mostly aged 35-70 years, enrolled in ten countries and followed for 13.9 years on average. Hazard ratios (HR) for developing urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC; 1,802 ...
    • Alcohol consumption over time and mortality in the Swedish Women’s Lifestyle and Health cohort 

      Licaj, Idlir; Sandin, S; Skeie, Guri; Adami, Hans-Olov; Roswall, Nina; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-02)
      Alcohol consumption is steadily increasing in high-income countries but the harm and possible net benefits of light-to-moderate drinking remain controversial. We prospectively investigated the association between time-varying alcohol consumption and overall and cause-specific mortality among middle- aged women. <p> Methods: Among 48 249 women at baseline (33 404 at follow-up) in the prospective ...
    • Alcohol consumption, body mass index and breast cancer risk by hormone receptor status: Women' Lifestyle and Health Study 

      Shin, Aesun; Sandin, Sven; Löf, Marie; Margolis, Karen L.; Kim, Kyeezu; Couto, Elisabeth; Adami, Hans Olov; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-11-09)
      Background: We aimed to estimate the effect of alcohol consumption on breast cancer risk and to test whether overweight and obesity modifies this association. <p>Methods: We included in the analysis 45,233 women enrolled in the Swedish Women’s Lifestyle and Health study between 1991 and 1992. Participants were followed for occurrence of breast cancer and death until December 2009. Poisson regression ...
    • Analgesic use in a Norwegian general population: Change over time and high-risk use - The Tromsø Study 

      Samuelsen, Per-Jostein; Slørdal, Lars; Mathisen, Ulla Dorte; Eggen, Anne Elise (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2015-06-06)
      Background: Increased use of analgesics in the population is a cause for concern in terms of drug safety. There is a paucity of population-based studies monitoring the change in use over time of both non-prescription (OTC) analgesics and prescription (Rx) analgesics. Although much is known about the risks associated with analgesic use, we are lacking knowledge on high-risk use at a population level. ...
    • Androgens are differentially associated with ovarian cancer subtypes in the Ovarian Cancer Cohort Consortium 

      Ose, Jennifer; Poole, Elizabeth M.; Schock, Helena; Lehtinen, Matti; Arslan, Alan A.; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Anne; Visvanathan, Kala; Helzlsouer, Kathy; Buring, Julie E.; Lee, I-Min; Tjønneland, Anne; Dossus, Laure; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Masala, Giovanna; Onland-Moret, N. Charlotte; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Duell, Eric J.; Idahl, Annika; Travis, Ruth C.; Rinaldi, Sabina; Merritt, Melissa A.; Trabert, Britton; Wentzensen, Nicolas; Tworoger, Shelley S.; Kaaks, Rudolf; Fortner, Renée T. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-05)
      Invasive epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy. The etiology of EOC remains elusive; however, experimental and epidemiologic data suggest a role for hormone-related exposures in ovarian carcinogenesis and risk factor differences by histologic phenotypes and developmental pathways. Research on pre-diagnosis androgen concentrations and EOC risk has yielded inconclusive ...
    • The Apolipoprotein B/Apolipoprotein A-I Ratio as a Potential Marker of Plasma Atherogenicity 

      Kaneva, Anastasiya M.; Potolitsyna, Natalya N.; Bojko, Evgeny R.; Odland, Jon Øyvind (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Background. The apolipoprotein (apo) B/apoA-I ratio represents the balance between apoB-rich atherogenic particles and apoAI-rich antiatherogenic particles, and this ratio is considered to be a marker of cardiovascular risk. Although many studies have demonstrated the importance of the apoB/apoA-I ratio in predicting the presence or absence of cardiovascular disease, less is known about apoB/apoA-I ...
    • Approaching Etuaptmumk - introducing a consensusbased mixed method for health services research 

      Chatwood, Susan; Paulette, Francois; Baker, Ross; Eriksen, Astrid M.A.; Hansen, Ketil Lenert; Eriksen, Heidi; Hiratsuka, Vanessa; Lavoie, Josée Gabrielle; Lou, Wendy; Mauro, Ian; Orbinski, James; Pabrum, Nathalie; Retallack, Hanna; Brown, Adalsteinn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-05-22)
      With the recognized need for health systems’ improvements in the circumpolar and indigenous context, there has been a call to expand the research agenda across all sectors influencing wellness and to recognize academic and indigenous knowledge through the research process. Despite being recognized as a distinct body of knowledge in international forums and across indigenous groups, examples of ...
    • Approaching Health in Landscapes: An Ethnographic Study with Chronic Cancer Patients from a Coastal Village in Northern Norway 

      Skowronski, Magdalena; Risør, Mette Bech; Foss, Nina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-01)
      Chronic cancer patients (CCPs) pay attention and act in response to diverse bodily sensations they experience in everyday life after a cancer episode. Here, we analyse how North Norwegian CCPs use their familiar surroundings in an effort to counter bad mood, anxiety and symptoms of relapse and to strengthen their health. The core participants of the anthro- pological fieldwork over the course of one ...
    • Are environmental characteristics in the municipal eldercare, more closely associated with frequent short sick leave spells among employees than with total sick leave: a cross-sectional study 

      Stapelfeldt, CM; Nielsen, CV; Andersen, NT; Krane, Line; Fleten, Nils; Borg, V; Jensen, C (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background: It has been suggested that frequent-, short-term sick leave is associated with work environment factors, whereas long-term sick leave is associated mainly with health factors. However, studies of the hypothesis of an association between a poor working environment and frequent short spells of sick leave are few and results are inconsistent. Therefore, we aimed to explore associations ...
    • Are physical activity and benefits maintained after long-term telerehabilitation in COPD? 

      Hoaas, Hanne; Morseth, Bente; Holland, Anne E.; Zanaboni, Paolo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      This study investigated whether physical activity levels and other outcomes were maintained at 1-year from completion of a 2-year telerehabilitation intervention in COPD. During the post-intervention year, nine patients with COPD (FEV1 % of pred. 42.4±19.8%; age 58.1±6 years) were encouraged to exercise on a treadmill at home and monitor daily symptoms and training sessions on a webpage as during ...