Now showing items 1-20 of 869

    • 5-type HPV mRNA versus 14-type HPV DNA test: test performance, over-diagnosis and overtreatment in triage of women with minor cervical lesions 

      Westre, Bjørn; Giske, Anita; Guttormsen, Hilde; Sørbye, Sveinung Wergeland; Skjeldestad, Finn Egil (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-06-07)
    • Abdominal symptoms in general practice: Frequency, cancer suspicions raised, and actions taken by GPs in six European countries. Cohort study with prospective registration of cancer 

      Holtedahl, Knut A.; Borgquist, Lars; Donker, Gé A.; Buntinx, Frank; Weller, David; Braaten, Tonje; Hjertholm, Peter; Månsson, Jörgen; Strandberg, Eva Lena; Campbell, Christine; Ellegaard, Lisbeth; Parajuli, Ranjan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-06)
      Background<br> Abdominal symptoms are diagnostically challenging to general practitioners (GPs): although common, they may indicate cancer. In a prospective cohort of patients, we examined abdominal symptom frequency, initial diagnostic suspicion, and actions of GPs in response to abdominal symptoms.<p> Methods<br> Over a 10-day period, 493 GPs in Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Belgium, the Netherlands, ...
    • Achieving Thoracic Oncology data collection in Europe: a precursor study in 35 Countries 

      Rich, Anna; Baldwin, David; Alfageme, Inmaculada; Beckett, Paul; Berghmans, Thierry; Brincat, Stephen; Burghuber, Otto C.; Corlateanu, Alexandru; Cufer, Tanja; Damhuis, Ronald; Edvardas, Danila; Domagala-Kulawik, Joanna; Stefano, Elia; Mina, Gaga; Tuncay, Goksel; Bogdan, Grigoriu; Hillerdal, Gunnar; Huber, Rudolf Maria; Jakobsen, Erik; Jonsson, Steinn; Jovanovic, Dragana; Kavcova, Elena; Konsoulova, Assia; Laisaar, Tanel; Makitaro, Riitta; Mehic, Bakir; Milroy, Robert; Moldva, Judit; Morgan, Ross; Nanushi, Milda; Paesmans, Marianne; Putora, Paul Martin; Samarzija, Miroslav; Scherpereel, Arnaud; Schlesser, Marc; Sculier, Jean-Paul; Skrickova, Jana; Sotto-Mayor, Renato; Strand, Trond-Eirik; van Schil, Paul E.; Blum, Torsten-Gerriet (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-20)
      <i>Background</i>: A minority of European countries have participated in international comparisons with high level data on lung cancer. However, the nature and extent of data collection across the continent is simply unknown, and without accurate data collection it is not possible to compare practice and set benchmarks to which lung cancer services can aspire.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: Using an ...
    • Acute high-dose and chronic lifetime exposure to alcohol consumption and differentiated thyroid cancer: T-CALOS Korea 

      Hwang, Yunji; Lee, Kyu Eun; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Park, Young Joo; Chai, Young Jun; Kwon, Hyungju; Park, Do Joon; Cho, BeLong; Choi, Ho-Chun; Kang, Daehee; Park, Sue K (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-03-17)
      Background:<br> This study evaluated the effects of acute high-dose and chronic lifetime exposure to alcohol and exposure patterns on the development of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC).<br> Methods:<br> The Thyroid Cancer Longitudinal Study (T-CALOS) included 2,258 DTC patients (449 men and 1,809 women) and 22,580 healthy participants (4,490 men and 18,090 women) who were individually ...
    • Acute psychiatric admissions from an out-of-hours Casualty Clinic. How do referring doctors and admitting specialists agree? 

      Deraas, Trygve Sigvart; Giæver, Anton; Hansen, Vidje; Olstad, Reidun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2006-03-29)
      Background: Over the last decades there has been an increasing pressure on the acute psychiatric wards in Norway. The major contributor to psychiatric acute admissions at the University Hospital of North Norway in the city of Tromsø in 2001 was the GP-based Tromsø Casualty Clinic, only open out-of-hours. We explored all acute psychiatric referrals from Tromsø Casualty Clinic in 2001. The purpose ...
    • Adapting and Going the Extra Mile: A Qualitative Study of Palliative Care in Rural Northern Norway From the Perspective of Healthcare Providers 

      Ervik, Bente; Brøndbo, Birgit; Johansen, May-Lill (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-24)
      Background - Despite significant developments in palliative care in recent decades, we still find important differences in access to and delivery of care in rural Norway.<p> <p>Objective - The aim of this study was to explore what healthcare professionals consider necessary to provide equality in care for palliative patients in rural areas.<p> <p>Methods - A qualitative approach with focus ...
    • Adding marrow adiposity and cortical porosity to femoral neck areal bone mineral density improves the discrimination of women with nonvertebral fractures from controls 

      Zebaze, Roger; Osima, Marit; Bui, Minh; Lukic, Marko; Wang, Xiaofang; Ghasem-Zadeh, Ali; Eriksen, Erik Fink; Vais, Angela; Shore-Lorenti, Catherine; Ebeling, Peter R.; Seeman, Ego; Bjørnerem, Åshild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-18)
      Advancing age is accompanied by a reduction in bone formation and remodeling imbalance, which produces microstructural deterioration. This may be partly caused by a diversion of mesenchymal cells towards adipocytes rather than osteoblast lineage cells. We hypothesized that microstructural deterioration would be associated with an increased marrow adiposity, and each of these traits would be independently ...
    • Adherence to a Western dietary pattern and risk of bladder cancer: A pooled analysis of 13 cohort studies of the Bladder Cancer Epidemiology and Nutritional Determinants international study 

      Dianatinasab, Mostafa; Wesselius, Anke; Salehi-Abargouei, Amin; Yu, Evan Y. W.; Brinkman, Maree; Fararouei, Mohammad; van den Brandt, Piet; White, Emily; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Calvez-Kelm, Florence Le; Gunter, Marc; Huybrechts, Inge; Liedberg, Fredrik; Skeie, Guri; Tjonneland, Anne; Riboli, Elio; Giles, Graham G.; Milne, Roger L.; Zeegers, Maurice P. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-24)
      Little is known about the association of diet with risk of bladder cancer. This might be due to the fact that the majority of studies have focused on single food items, rather than dietary patterns, which may better capture any influence of diet on bladder cancer risk. We aimed to investigate the association between a measure of Western dietary pattern and bladder cancer risk. Associations between ...
    • Adherence to the Healthy Nordic Food Index in the Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) cohort 

      Enget, Torill; Braaten, Tonje; Jacobsen, Bjarne K.; Barnung, Runa Borgund; Olsen, Anja; Skeie, Guri (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-12)
      <p><i>Background</i>: High adherence to the Healthy Nordic Food Index has been associated with better health outcomes, but the results have not been consistent. The association between high adherence and higher intake of energy and healthy and less healthy foods has been persistent across countries, highlighting the need to examine potential confounding by energy intake.</p> <p><i>Objective</i>: ...
    • Adherence to the healthy Nordic food index, dietary composition, and lifestyle among Swedish women 

      Roswall, Nina; Eriksson, Ulf; Sandin, Sven; Löf, Marie; Olsen, Anja; Skeie, Guri; Adami, Hans Olov; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-03-11)
      <p>Background: Studies examining diet scores in relation to health outcomes are gaining ground. Thus, control for dietary factors not part of the score, and lifestyle associated with adherence, is required to allow for a causal interpretation of studies on diet scores and health outcomes. <p>Objective: The study objective is to describe and investigate dietary composition, micronutrient density, ...
    • Adherence to the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research cancer prevention recommendations and risk of in situ breast cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort 

      Karavasiloglou, Nena; Hüsing, Anika; Masala, Giovanna; van Gils, Carla H.; Fortner, Renée Turzanski; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Huybrechts, Inge; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Gunter, Marc; Arveux, Patrick; Fournier, Agnès; Kvaskoff, Marina; Tjønneland, Anne; Kyrø, Cecilie; Dahm, Christina C.; Vistisen, Helene Tilma; Bakker, Marije F.; Sánchez, María-José; Chirlaque López, María Dolores; Santiuste, Carmen; Ardanaz, Eva; Menéndez, Virginia; Agudo, Antonio; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Karakatsani, Anna; La Vecchia, Carlo; Peppa, Eleni; Palli, Domenico; Agnoli, Claudia; Panico, Salvatore; Tumino, Rosario; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Butt, Salma Tunå; Borgquist, Signe; Skeie, Guri; Schulze, Matthias; Key, Timothy; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Tsilidis, Konstantinos K.; Ellingjord-Dale, Merete; Riboli, Elio; Kaaks, Rudolf; Dossus, Laure; Rohrmann, Sabine; Kühn, Tilman (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-02)
      <i>Background</i> - Even though in situ breast cancer (BCIS) accounts for a large proportion of the breast cancers diagnosed, few studies have investigated potential risk factors for BCIS. Their results suggest that some established risk factors for invasive breast cancer have a similar impact on BCIS risk, but large population-based studies on lifestyle factors and BCIS risk are lacking. Thus, ...
    • Adipokines and inflammation markers and risk of differentiated thyroid carcinoma: The EPIC study 

      Dossus, Laure; Franceschi, Silvia; Biessy, Carine; Navionis, Anne-Sophie; Travis, Ruth C.; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Scalbert, Augustin; Romieu, Isabelle; Tjønneland, Anne; Olsen, Anja; Overvad, Kim; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Bonnet, Fabrice; Fournier, Agnès; Fortner, Renée Turzanski; Kaaks, Rudolf; Aleksandrova, Krasimira; Trichopoulou, Antonia; La Vecchia, Carlo; Peppa, Eleni; Tumino, Rosario; Panico, Salavatore; Palli, Domenico; Agnoli, Claudia; Vineis, Paolo; Bueno-de-Mesquita, Hendrik Bastiaan; Peeters, Petra H.; Skeie, Guri; Zamora-Ros, Raul; Chirlaque, María-Dolores; Ardanaz, Eva; Sánchez, Maria-Jose; Quirós, Jose Ramón; Dorronsoro, Miren; Sandström, Maria; Nilsson, Lena Maria; Schmidt, Julie A.; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Tsilidis, Konstantinos K.; Aune, Dagfinn; Riboli, Elio; Rinaldi, Sabina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-23)
      Other than the influence of ionizing radiation and benign thyroid disease, little is known about the risk factors for differentiated thyroid cancer (TC) which is an increasing common cancer worldwide. Consistent evidence shows that body mass is positively associated with TC risk. As excess weight is a state of chronic inflammation, we investigated the relationship between concentrations of leptin, ...
    • Adiposity and asthma in adults: a bidirectional Mendelian randomization analysis of the HUNT Study 

      Sun, Yi-Qian; Brumpton, Ben Michael; Langhammer, Arnulf; Chen, Yue; Kvaløy, Kirsti; Mai, Xiao-Mei (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-14)
      <i>Background</i> - We aimed to investigate the potential causal associations of adiposity with asthma overall, asthma by atopic status or by levels of symptom control in a large adult population and stratified by sex. We also investigated the potential for reverse causation between asthma and risk of adiposity.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - We performed a bidirectional one-sample Mendelian randomisation ...
    • Adult weight change and premenopausal breast cancer risk: A prospective pooled analysis of data from 628,463 women 

      Schoemaker, Minouk J.; Nichols, Hazel B.; Wright, Lauren B.; Brook, Mark N.; Jones, Michael E.; O'Brien, Katie M.; Adami, Hans Olov; Baglietto, Laura; Bernstein, Leslie; Bertrand, Kimberly A.; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Chen, Yu; Connor, Avonne E.; Dossus, Laure; Eliassen, A. Heather; Giles, Graham G; Gram, Inger Torhild; Hankinson, Susan E.; Kaaks, Rudolf; Key, Timothy J.; Kirsh, Victoria A.; Kitahara, Cari M.; Larsson, Susanna C.; Linet, Martha; Ma, Huiyan; Milne, Roger L.; Ozasa, Kotaro; Palmer, Julie R.; Riboli, Elio; Rohan, Thomas E.; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Sadakane, Atsuko; Sund, Malin; Tamimi, Rulla M.; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Ursin, Giske; Visvanathan, Kala; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Willett, Walter C.; Wolk, Alicja; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Anne; Sandler, Dale P.; Swerdlow, Anthony J. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-03)
      Early‐adulthood body size is strongly inversely associated with risk of premenopausal breast cancer. It is unclear whether subsequent changes in weight affect risk. We pooled individual‐level data from 17 prospective studies to investigate the association of weight change with premenopausal breast cancer risk, considering strata of initial weight, timing of weight change, other breast cancer risk ...
    • Advancing alcohol Research in low-income and middle-income countries: a global alcohol environment framework 

      Walls, Helen; Cook, Sarah Anne; Matzopolous, Richard; London, Leslie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-16)
      Alcohol-related harm has gained increased attention in high-income countries (HICs) in recent years which, alongside government regulation, has effected a reduction in alcohol consumption. The alcohol industry has turned its attention to low-income and middle-income country (LMIC) markets as a new source of growth and profit, prompting increased consumption in LMICS. Alcohol use in LMICs is also ...
    • Adverse effects of homeopathy, what do we know? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials 

      Stub, Trine; Musial, Frauke; Kristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter; Alræk, Terje; Liu, Jianping (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-03-26)
      Objectives:<br>Homeopathy is a popular treatment modality among patient, however there is sparse research about adverse effects of homeopathy. A concept unique for homeopathy, is homeopathic aggravation that is understood as a transient worsening of the patients’ symptoms before an expected improvement occurs. From a risk perspective it is vital that a distinction between homeopathic aggravations ...
    • Adverse effects of non-hormonal pharmacological interventions in breast cancer survivors, suffering from hot flashes: A systematic review and meta-analysis 

      Stub, Trine; Hervik, Jill Brook (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-10-05)
      Purpose: To access frequency and severity of adverse effects (AE) of non-hormonal drugs (NHD) for hot flashes in breast cancer survivors compared to controls and analyze adverse-effect risk by reviewing published randomized trials. <p>Methods: Cochrane Central Register for Controlled Trials, Embase, Medline, PsycINFO and PubMed databases were searched. Trials were included where participants ...
    • Adverse events in deceased hospitalised cancer patients as a measure of quality and safety in end-of-life cancer care 

      Haukland, Ellinor Christin; von Plessen, Christian; Nieder, Carsten; Vonen, Barthold (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-01)
      <i>Background</i> - Anticancer treatment exposes patients to negative consequences such as increased toxicity and decreased quality of life, and there are clear guidelines recommending limiting use of aggressive anticancer treatments for patients near end of life. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between anticancer treatment given during the last 30 days of life and adverse ...
    • Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes among Adolescents in Northwest Russia: A Population Registry-Based Study 

      Usynina, Anna Aleksandrovna; Postoev, Vitaly; Odland, Jon Øyvind; Grjibovski, Andrej (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-03)
      This study aimed to assess whether adolescents have an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes (APO) compared to adult women. We used data on 43,327 births from the population-based Arkhangelsk County Birth Registry, Northwest Russia, for 2012–2014. The perinatal outcomes included stillbirth, preterm birth (<37 and <32 weeks), low and very low birthweight, 5 min Apgar score <7 and <4, ...
    • Akupunktur ved muskelskjellettsmerter 

      Giske, Liv; Dahm, Kristin Thuve; Fure, Brynjar (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2016)
      Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter for helsetjenesten (nå Kunnskapssenteret i Folkehelseinstituttet) fikk i oppdrag å undersøke effekt av akupunktur sammenliknet med konservativ behandling for muskelskjelettsmerter. Akupunktur omfattet både klassisk kinesisk akupunktur og medisinsk akupunktur, inkludert triggerpunktbehandling eller såkalt «dry need‐ling», som har vestlig medisin som forklaringsmodell. Vi ...