Recent additions

  • A nationwide registry study on heart failure in Norway from 2008 to 2018: variations in lookback period affect incidence estimates 

    Ødegaard, Kristina Malene; Lirhus, Sandre Svatun; Melberg, Hans Olav; Hallen, Jonas; Halvorsen, Sigrun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-05)
    Background: The incidence of heart failure (HF) has declined in Europe during the past two decades. However, incidence estimates from registry-based studies may vary, partly because they depend on retrospective searches to exclude previous events. The aim of this study was to assess to what extent diferent lookback periods (LPs) afect temporal trends in incidence, and to identify the minimal ...
  • Protein Intake and the Risk of Pre-Frailty and Frailty in Norwegian Older Adults. The Tromsø Study 1994–2016 

    Konglevoll, Dina Moxness; Hjartåker, Anette; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Strand, Bjørn Heine; Thoresen, Magne; Andersen, Lene Frost; Carlsen, Monica Hauger (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-01)
    BACKGROUND: Protein intake is suggested as an important dietary factor in the prevention of frailty, however, the infuence of lifelong intake remains unclear.<p> <p>OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the relationship between daily protein intake and patterns of protein intake over 21 years and the risk of pre-frailty/frailty. <p>DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. <p>SETTING: The ...
  • Job demands, job resources, and health outcomes among nursing professionals in private and public healthcare sectors in Sweden – a prospective study 

    Thapa, Dip Raj; Stengård, Johanna; Ekström-Bergström, Anette; Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina; Krettek, Alexandra; Nyberg, Anna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-06)
    Background: Nursing professionals exhibit high prevalence of stress-related health problems. Job demands and job resources are parallel drivers of health and well-being among employees. Better job resources associate with better job satisfaction, job motivation and engagement even when job demands are high. To date, there is limited research which explores the association between job demands, job ...
  • Changes in life expectancy and disease burden in Norway, 1990–2019: an analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 

    Clarsen, Benjamin Matthew; Nylenna, Magne; Klitkou, Søren Toksvig; Vollset, Stein Emil; Baravelli, Carl Michael; Bølling, Anette Kocbach; Aasvang, Gunn Marit; Sulo, Gerhard; Naghavi, Mohsen; Pasovic, Maja; Asaduzzaman, Muhammad; Bjørge, Tone; Eggen, Anne Elise; Eikemo, Terje Andreas; Ellingsen, Christian Lycke; Haaland, Øystein Ariansen; Hailu, Alemayehu; Hassan, Shoaib; Hay, Simon I.; Juliusson, Pétur Benedikt; Kisa, Adnan; Kisa, Sezer; Månsson, Johan; Yitayew, Teferi Mekonnen; Murray, Christopher J L; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Ottersen, Trygve; Sagoe, Dominic; Sripada, Kam; Winkler, Andrea Sylvia; Knudsen, Ann Kristin Skrindo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-29)
    <p><b>Background</b> Geographical differences in health outcomes are reported in many countries. Norway has led an active policy aiming for regional balance since the 1970s. Using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2019, we examined regional differences in development and current state of health across Norwegian counties. <p><b>Methods</b> Data for life expectancy, healthy ...
  • Physical activity level and associated factors among adult HIV patients in Ethiopia 

    Tegene, Yadessa; Mengesha, Selamawit; van der Starre, Caroline; Lako, Stephanie; Toma, Alemayehu; Spigt, Marcus (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-04)
    Background: People living with HIV, who take antiretroviral therapy (ART), often enjoy long and healthy lives, but this therapy has well known metabolic adverse efects. Physical activity is found to be an important factor in improving these physiological parameters. This study aimed to determine physical activity level and associated factors among HIV patients in Ethiopia.<p> <p>Methods: An institutional ...
  • Alcohol intake and total mortality in 142 960 individuals from the MORGAM Project: a population-based study 

    Di Castelnuovo, Augusto; Costanzo, Simona; Bonaccio, Marialaura; McElduff, Patrick; Salomaa, Veikko; Männistö, Satu; Moitry, Marie; Ferrières, Jean; Dallongeville, Jean; Thorand, Barbara; Brenner, Hermann; Ferrario, Marco; Veronesi, Giovanni; Pettenuzzo, Emanuela; Tamosiunas, Abdonas; Njølstad, Inger; Drygas, Wojciech; Nikitin, Yuri; Söderberg, Stefan; Kee, Frank; Grassi, Guido; Westermann, Dirk; Schrage, Benedikt; Dabboura, Salim; Zeller, Tanja; Kuulasmaa, Kari; Blankenberg, Stefan; Donati, Maria Benedetta; de Gaetano, Giovanni; Iacoviello, Licia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-06-09)
    Aim To test the association of alcohol consumption with total and cause-specific mortality risk. Design Prospective observational multi-centre population-based study. Setting Sixteen cohorts (15 from Europe) in the MOnica Risk, Genetics, Archiving and Monograph (MORGAM) Project. Participants A total of 142 960 individuals (mean age 50 ± 13 years, 53.9% men). Measurements Average alcohol intake by ...
  • Health at age 17 in Norwegian adolescents: Mental and physical status in the national cohort born in 2001 

    Borud, Einar Kristian; Fadum, Elin Anita; Carlsen, Ellen Øen; Håberg, Siri Eldevik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-07)
    Aims: We present self-reported data on physical and mental health at age 17 years from 82% of Norwegians born in 2001. Methods: In Norway, the Armed Forces require that each resident who reaches the age of 17 years completes a self-administered declaration of health that is used for military selection. The declaration collects information on height and weight, various clinically diagnosed diseases, ...
  • Erfaringar etter handteringa av smitte og utbrot av covid-19 i Noreg hausten 2021 og vinteren 2022 i utvalde kommunar 

    Andreassen, Trude; Coward, Sigrid Kristiane; Falk, Monica; Forland, Frode; Heradstveit, Petter Leinaas; Hveding, Øystein; Lavoll, Silje Bruland; Macdonald, Emily Ann; Nguyen, Truc Trung; Nygård, Karin Maria; Selstø, Annlaug; Utheim, Mari Nythun; Vestrheim, Didrik Frimann (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022-07)
    Kommunane har hatt ei avgjerande rolle i handteringa av smitte og utbrot gjennom pandemien. Kommunane har gjort dette i samarbeid med nabokommunar, statsforvaltarar og nasjonale helsestyresmakter. Dette gjeld også for kommunane som deltok i denne gjennomgangen.<p> <p>Denne rapporten har ved hjelp av intervju med eit utval kommunar hausta erfaringar om korleis ulike kommunar har oppdaga og ...
  • Nasjonalt utbrudd av Pseudomonas aeruginosa i sykehus forårsaket av ferdigfuktede ikke-sterile vaskekluter, Norge, 2021-2022 

    Gravningen, Kirsten Midttun; Ødeskaug, Liz Ertzeid; Utheim, Mari Nythun; Korpås, Julie Andrine; Jørgensen, Silje Bakken; Elstrøm, Petter; Lyrån, Birgitte; Jemtland, Rune; Kols, Nicola Isabelle; Kvaal, Siv Anita; Asfeldt, anne mette; Littauer, Pia; Kilhus, Kristin; Skutlaberg, Dag Harald; Pedersen, Torunn Annie; Hermansen, Nils Olav; Kacelnik, Oliver; Iversen, Bjørn Gunnar (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022-06)
    I november 2021 ble Folkehelseinstituttet varslet om at tre intensivpasienter hadde dødd av blodbaneinfeksjon med bakterien Pseudomonas aeruginosa ved Universitetssykehuset Nord-Norge i Tromsø i løpet av kort tid. De hadde identiske isolater forenlig med et klonalt utbrudd. Helgenomsekvensering viste at det var en ny sekvenstype, ST3875, som ikke har vært påvist i Norge eller andre land. Nye ...
  • Evaluering av handlingsplan for allmennlegetjenesten 2020–2024: Evalueringsrapport I 

    Pedersen, Kine; Godager, Geir; Rognlien, Hans David; Tyrihjell, Johannes Bjørnstad; Værnø, Susanne Gerda; Iversen, Tor; Holte, Jon Helgheim; Abelsen, Birgit; Pahle, Andreas; Augestad, Liv Ariane; Sæther, Erik Magnus (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022-04-29)
    Dette er første evalueringsrapport for følgeevalueringen av Handlingsplan for allmennlegetjenesten 2020-2024. De samlede funnene i evalueringen, basert på analyser av registerdata, spørreskjemaundersøkelser og intervjuundersøkelser, tyder på at det fortsatt er betydelige rekrutteringsutfordringer og behov for å utvikle fastlegeordningen. Tiltakene i handlingsplanen synes å være relevante, og ...
  • Identity construction in medical student stories about experiences of disgust in early nursing home placements: A dialogical narrative analysis 

    Warmington, Sally; Johansen, May-Lill; Wilson, Hamish (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-17)
    Objectives To explore medical students’ reflective essays about encounters with residents during preclinical nursing home placements.<p> <p>Design Dialogical narrative analysis aiming at how students characterise residents and construct identities in relation to them. <p>Setting Medical students’ professional identity construction through storytelling has been demonstrated in contexts including ...
  • Occupational cold exposure is associated with neck pain, low back pain, and lumbar radiculopathy 

    Stjernbrandt, Albin; Farbu, Erlend Hoftun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-24)
    Ambient cold exposure can pose health risks, and this study was aimed at investigating associations with musculoskeletal disorders. A postal survey was performed on 12,627 men and women, ages 18–70 years, living in northern Sweden. Statistical associations were determined using multiple logistic regression. The study sample consisted of 6,886 women (54.5%), and 5,741 men. Reporting high occupational ...
  • Venous Air Embolism Activates Complement C3 Without Corresponding C5 Activation and Trigger Thromboinflammation in Pigs 

    Storm, Benjamin; Ludviksen, Judith K; Christiansen, Dorte; Fure, Hilde; Pettersen, Kristin; Landsem, Anne; Nilsen, Bent Aksel; Dybwik, Knut Gustav; Braaten, Tonje; Nielsen, Erik Waage; Mollnes, Tom Eirik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-15)
    Introduction: Air embolism may complicate invasive medical procedures. Bubbles trigger complement C3-mediated cytokine release, coagulation, and platelet activation in vitro in human whole blood. Since these findings have not been verified in vivo, we aimed to examine the effects of air embolism in pigs on thromboinflammation.<p> <p>Methods: Forty-five landrace pigs, average 17 kg (range 8.5-30), ...
  • Body mass index and survival in women with breast cancer—systematic literature review and meta-analysis of 82 follow-up studies 

    Chan, Doris S.M.; Vieira, A.; Aune, Dagfinn; Bandera, Elisa V.; Greenwood, D; McTiernan, A; Rosenblatt, D. Navarro; Thune, Inger; Vieira, R; Norat, T (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-04-27)
    Background: Positive association between obesity and survival after breast cancer was demonstrated in previous meta-analyses of published data, but only the results for the comparison of obese versus non-obese was summarised.<p> <p>Methods: We systematically searched in MEDLINE and EMBASE for follow-up studies of breast cancer survivors with body mass index (BMI) before and after diagnosis, and ...
  • Risk factors for type 2 diabetes in groups stratified according to metabolic syndrome: a 10-year follow-up of The Tromso Study 

    Joseph, Josepha Elizabeth; Svartberg, Johan; Njølstad, Inger; Schirmer, Henrik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010-12-28)
    Many incident cases of type 2 diabetes do not fulfil the metabolic syndrome, which accordingly has been questioned both as a research and clinical tool. The aim of this study was to determine differences in risk factors for type 2 diabetes between groups with high or low metabolic score. The study population were 26,093 men and women attending the Tromsø Study in 1994, followed through 2005, ...
  • Vitamin D and mortality: meta-analysis of individual participant data from a large consortium of cohort studies from Europe and the United States 

    Schöttker, B; Jorde, Rolf; Peasey, A; Thorand, B; Jansen, EH; De Groot, L.; Streppel, M; Gardiner, J; Ordóñez-Mena, JM; Perna, L; Wilsgaard, Tom; Rathmann, W; Feskens, E; Kampman, E; Siganos, Galatios; Njølstad, Inger; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Kubínová, R; Pajak, A; Topor-Madry, R; Tamosiunas, A; Hughes, M; Kee, F; Bobak, M; Trichopoulou, A; Boffetta, P; Brenner, H (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-06-17)
    Objective To investigate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations (25(OH)D) and mortality in a large consortium of cohort studies paying particular attention to potential age, sex, season, and country differences.<p> <p>Design Meta-analysis of individual participant data of eight prospective cohort studies from Europe and the US. <p>Setting General population. <p>P ...
  • The Association Between Self-Reported Symptoms of Recent Airway Infection and CRP Values in a General Population 

    Melbye, Hasse; Amundsen, Kristine; Brox, Jan; Eggen, Anne Elise (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011-11-17)
    C-reactive protein (CRP) is a much used biomarker for respiratory tract infection; however, the influence of airway infection on the CRP level in the general population has not been well described. The study aimed to evaluate the impact of recent symptoms of airway infection on the CRP level and how the predictive power of other known CRP predictors is influenced by taking respiratory symptoms ...
  • Physicians’ leadership styles in rural primary medical care: How are they perceived by staff? 

    Hana, jan; Kirkhaug, Rudi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-02-17)
    Aim. This study investigates which leadership styles can be identifi ed among general practice lead physicians and how they are associated with and predicted by staff and context characteristics like profession, gender, age, work experience, and team size. Method/material. In a cross-sectional study self-administered questionnaires were distributed to staff physicians (42% females) and support ...
  • Cross-sectional associations of objectively measured physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness and anthropometry in european adults 

    Wientzek, A; Tormo Diaz, MJ; Castano, JMH; Amiano, P; Arriola, L; Overvad, K; Østergaard, JN; Charles, MA; Fagherazzi, G; Palli, D; Bendinelli, B; Skeie, Guri; Borch, Kristin Benjaminsen; Wendel-Vos, W; De Hollander, E; May, AM; Den Ouden, ME; Trichopoulou, A; Valanou, E; Soderberg, S; Franks, PW; Brage, S; Vigl, M; Boeing, H; Ekelund, Ulf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-06-26)
    Objective: To quantify the independent associations between objectively measured physical activity (PA), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and anthropometry in European men and women.<p> <p>Methods: 2,056 volunteers from 12 centers across Europe were fitted with a heart rate and movement sensor at 2 visits 4 months apart for a total of 8 days. CRF (ml/kg/min) was estimated from an 8 minute ramped ...
  • Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cancer in the Swedish women's lifestyle and health cohort 

    Löf, Marie; Sandin, Sven; Lagiou, Pagona; Trichopoulos, Dimitri; Adami, Hans-Olov; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010-12-02)
    Objective To investigate whether intake of fruits and vegetables is associated with overall cancer incidence in a large prospective cohort of women in Sweden characterised by young age at enrolment (30–49 years) and relatively low intake of fruits and vegetables.<p> <p>Methods We followed prospectively 49,261 women, who completed a food frequency questionnaire in 1991–1992. A total of 2,347 ...

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