Attachment problems and mental health issues among long-term unemployed youth who had dropped out of high school
ForfatterRamsdal, Gro Hilde
Methods: Study 1 consisted of 10 qualitative semi-structured interviews analyzed by qualitative methodology drawing on concepts from Grounded Theory. Study 2 was a narrative review investigating studies focusing four particular mediation hypotheses linking parent-child attachment to academic performance and high-school dropout. Study 3 consisted of 14 qualitative semi-structured interviews analyzed using a qualitative methodology drawing on concepts from Grounded Theory and 14 clinical interviews (M.I.N.I.).
Findings: In the aftermath of school dropout, unemployed youths focused their experiences of abandonment, lack of adult involvement, loneliness and problems in connecting with peers, when describing their dropout processes. They also described experiences of academic failure and amotivation (study 1). The narrative review found that many studies tested associations between potential mediators and parent-child attachment or academic achievement (study 2). However, only two longitudinal studies actually tested for statistical mediation effects. Although they gave some support to all the four mediation hypotheses, a complex interaction of socio-emotional processes and academic performance seems to offer the best explanations of school dropout. Study 3 found that participants who had dropped out described more frequent and more serious symptoms of mental health problems and less social support than did same-aged college students.
Paper 1: Ramsdal, G.H., Gjærum, R.G. & Wynn, R. (2013). Drop out and early unemployment. International Journal of Educational Research, 62, 75-86. Also available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2013.06.011.
Paper 2: Ramsdal, G.H., Bergvik, S. & Wynn, R. (2015). Parent-child attachment, academic performance, and the process of high-school dropout: A Narrative Review. Attachment & Human Development, 17,(5), 522-545. Full text not available in Munin due to publisher restrictions. Published version available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2015.1072224.
Paper 3: Ramsdal, G.H., Bergvik, S., & Wynn, R. Long-term dropout from school and work and mental health in young adults in Norway: A qualitative interview-based study. Cogent Psychology, 5: 1455365. Also available at http://hdl.handle.net/10037/13401.
ForlagUiT The Arctic University of Norway
UiT Norges arktiske universitet
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