• When the past becomes the future : aspects of cultural revitalization among the Gbaya in Bertoua, East-Cameroon 

      Ndanga, Dieudonné Ngnantare (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2007-10-22)
      This work is done in a context where groups and associations for culture revitalization flourish in Cameroon. By focussing on the actors, means and challenges of culture revival, I aim to describe the outcome of a process of de-tribalisation during which ethnic groups have had to relinquish their traditions in order to subscribe to modernisation as prescribed by states government and through ...
    • A Simple Life? : the symbolic significance of environmentalism in the construction of a community : case study in the ecovillage of Las Nubes in Veracruz, Mexico 

      Castrejon Cardenas, Carmen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2007-11-20)
      We hear and read about it every day on the news, on TV, radio and newspapers; human activity is having a huge damaging impact on the environment both physically and socially. Physically, we are witnessing a rapid climate change, eroded lands, pollution, increase population, disappearance of species, etc. In the social aspect, with a culture based on constant growth of markets and with a world which ...
    • The sourga within the socio-economic life of Pere people living in the plain of Mayo-Baleo; Northern Cameroon 

      Bale Guengue, Rachel (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-06-01)
      The study investigated the sourga within the socio-economic life of the Pere people living in the plain of Mayo-Baleo, Northern Cameroon. It was found out that the sourga, as this reciprocal labor exchange constitutes an important aspect of the social, economic and cultral life of the Pere people. It has also continued to be crucial notwithstanding the change from subsistence farming to commercial ...
    • A Moroccan wedding ceremony between tradition and modernity : the role of women in the preparations. 

      Hajji, Jalila (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-06-01)
      This research thesis is about the traditional steps before and during the wedding ceremonies in Morocco, with a focus on women's role in these preparations. A part of this thesis in consacrced to the position of woman in Islam and in Moroccan society. A wedding ceremony in Fez is studied as an example to how Moroccan keep their tradition in their modern life.
    • Millet beer brewing and its socio-economic role in the lives of Mafa women in the far north province of Cameroon 

      Ganava, André (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-06-01)
      This thesis is aimed at investigating the relevance of beer brewing among the Mafa women located in the Far Northern Province of Cameroon. It makes the assumption that though there are several attempts by various bodies to fight the beer brewing as an activity of women; it continues to occupy a central aspect of their lives. It is claimed in this thesis that, beer brewing though challenging for the ...
    • The customary land tenure system and women's access to land in Bipare and Kafinarou : border area between northern Cameroon and the south west of Chad 

      Koultchoumi, Babette (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-06-01)
      This paper presents and analyses data about women challenging customary land tenure arrangements as they strive to gain access to the farming land they need. The research was conducted in the Mambay community located in northern Cameroon on the border with Chad. The thesis examines just how rural women manage to get access to land despite the obstacles that customary land tenure system put in their ...
    • Pastoral nomadic Tuareg in transition : the case of Igorareine Tuareg in Echagh, Northern Mali 

      Diallo, Souleymane (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-06-06)
      This thesis is about how the Igorareine Tuareg are coping within transition in northern Mali. They are in a process to cease their nomadic way of life without having yet become fully sedentary. My focus is mainly on the strategies used within this transition, how they can transform their current situation into a better life and how the whole process affects the social relationships between kinsmen. ...
    • The knights of the road : creating a dignified identity on the margins of society 

      Hammerås, Kristin Sælen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-06-20)
      Vagabonds, “landstrygere” (tramps), “landevejsriddere” (Knights of the road), “farende svende” (journeymen); dear child has many names. The group I have been following this summer is walking the roads of the Danish countryside, living their lives without a stable home or at least periodically without a permanent residence, on the margins of the society. Most of them are alcoholics. But in spite of ...
    • Eating the old and the nature : experiencing authenticity through food in Alaska’s Little Norway 

      Mortensen, Gry Elisabeth (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-05-29)
      This thesis is about notions of authenticity in the Norwegian-American society Petersburg, Alaska. With the intention of gaining an understanding on why the Norwegian heritage keeps such a strong position in this society, I went into the field, and was surprised by the extensive role of food and the use of the term authentic in connection with it. I found that the idea of authenticity is closely ...
    • Traditional beliefs in modern society : the case of the Kapsiki blacksmiths of Mogode, Northern Cameroon 

      Kodji, Gamache Thomas (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-05-29)
      This is an essay on the dynamics of the evolution of the Kapsiki blacksmiths group of Mogode. Among the Kapsiki, blacksmiths perform many trades and crafts calling for specialization as funeral, music, divination, magic and medicine, pottery, leatherwork, forging iron and casting brass crucial for people's life. But their position in the society is characterized by a big paradox between them and the ...
    • Between koranic school and the government school system : the case of the Fulbe of Mayo-Darle, Northern Cameroon 

      Gougoure, Hireine (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-05-29)
      This thesis is about the way the Fulbe of Mayo-Darle relate to the question of education, be it formal or informal, the Koranic or the governmental. As Muslim, Fulbe people send their children to Koranic School so they can acquire religious knowledge and also their traditional knowledge which enable them to integrate their community. But in Cameroon nowadays, the governmental education is deemed ...
    • Community school in the inner suburbs of Bamako : the case of Sabalibougou 

      Bagayoko, Sidy Lamine (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-06-02)
      This work presents and analyses the condition of existence of the community schools in a specific quarter of Bamako called Sabalibougou considered as an inner suburb. Based on data collected through fieldwork, carried out among the local community, this thesis, consisting of both text and film, tries to examine the difficulties faced by the community schools of Sabalibougou.
    • A study on Esset as a means of existence, social organization and ethnical identification for the Gurage people 

      Haile, Seifu Woldeyohannes (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-06-02)
      I have been working as a project coordinator for a local NGO at the Cheha Woreda of the Gurage zone. In addition, my grand families and all my relatives are living in this area. Therefore, the experience I have triggered me to conduct this study. The study focuses on an indigenous food plant, esset, and its relationship with the people; focusing in understanding the plant, its role in ethnical ...
    • The Sami and the Inupiat : finding common grounds in a new world 

      Nyborg, Kristine (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-05-28)
      This thesis is about the meeting of two indigenous cultures, the Sami and the Inupiat, on the Alaskan tundra more than a hundred years ago. The Sami were brought over by the U.S. government to train the Inupiat in reindeer herding. It is about their adjustment to each other and to the rapidly modernizing world they found themselves a part of, until the term indigenous became a part of everyday speech ...
    • The tidy environment in Hirogawara 

      Koike, Atsushi (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-05-28)
      Hirogawara is a village with a long lasting tradition of forestry located in a mountain area of Kyoto prefecture, and is one of the typical under populated villages in the Japanese rural region. Although there are various elements which distinguish the village and urban area, one of the main elements which contribute to differentiate the behavior of each would be the environment surrounding the ...
    • Living like kings? : migrants identity as parts of and in between two nations 

      Skoglund, Anne Restad (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-06)
      The Estonian immigrants are within some settings such as taxation, hundred percent employed, little knowledge of Norwegian language, village, which limits them in some ways to reach their goal. They are conceived as having a residence in Norway so that they have the same amount money that a normal Norwegian but at the same time they have a home in another country. They cannot use much money and the ...
    • Migrant fishermen and their social life in Londji Plage, Southern Cameroon 

      Moussa, Younouss (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-05-29)
      I studied migrant fishermen and their social life in Londji Plage in South of Cameroon. It was to analyze how migrant fishermen integrated the life, how the commercialization of fish is organized, the migrant’s careers, the role of canoe owner’s wives and fishermen’s wives in the economy and the relation between migrant and state bureaucracy. The fishing activity is completely modernized by Nigerian ...
    • Traditional midwifery between tradition and modern expectations : case of some traditional midwives in Adjelhoc, a Tuareg community, East-Northern Mali 

      Diallo, Brahima Amara (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-05-29)
      In Adjelhoc, women, in most cases, prefer to stay at home throughout their entire pregnancy and to get help in childbirth only from traditional midwives, even if they live near a community health centre which could provide them with modern care. To lessen the gap between the community and the local health workers, DDRK is currently supporting six traditional midwives in Adjelhoc in acquiring modern ...
    • "Troublemakers in search for belonging" : newly arrived pupils in a Oslo school 

      Slaaen, Christian (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06-07)
      The thesis is about immigrant pupils in Sogn School in Oslo, where my aim was to discover different form of belonging. The school’s role when it comes to integration, varied for the different actors, both in terms of establishing social relations, and in terms of acquiring knowledge. My general finding is that young immigrants establish social relations to other young immigrants. For most of the ...
    • Children burnt by the war 1941-45 (the last witnesses) : war memories and post-war identity 

      Vasilchikova, Oxana (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06-21)
      The Great Patriotic War was one of the cruelest wars of the twentieth century. Especially great suffering in the USSR it brought to children. They grew up very quickly. This generation did not have childhood; their childhood was embedded in the war. Keeping their war memories alive Galina and Slava Lebedevy as one of the representatives of this generation decided to establish an organization named ...