More or Less Integrated Ocean Management: Multiple Integrated Approaches and Two Norms
Through a normative lens, this article investigates integrated ocean management and the multiple concepts that it involves. Although international law provides legal authority to coastal states to manage their ocean area entitlements, no single legally binding norm specific to integrated ocean management exists. Nevertheless, by combining different internationally recognized sources, this article identifies and discusses two normative concepts applicable in coastal state integrated ocean management. These are (1) the framing of integrated ocean management as a management process and (2) the incorporation of environmental, economic, and social concerns into an ocean management policy.
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Ocean Development & International Law on 14.09.2019, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/https://doi.org/10.1080/00908320.2019.1655619.