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  • Naval Blockade 

    Frostad, Magne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-13)
    Naval blockade is an old form of warfare where the current restatement of customary international law on this issue – the 1994 San Remo Manual – leaves something to be desired. The article considers the history of the concept and its current regulation like the requirements for establishing a naval blockade and addresses also issues in relation to its enforcement.
  • The Arctic environment and the BBNJ negotiations. Special rules for special circumstances? 

    De Lucia, Vito (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-18)
    The question this article wishes to raise, albeit in a preliminary and exploratory manner, is whether or not the Arctic, due to its special ecological circumstances, should be regulated in some special ways within the context of the new BBNJ agreement. Taking as the starting point some of the existing special rules adopted under UNCLOS and the IMO to account for special ecological circumstances, ...
  • Participatory engagement and the empowerment of the Arctic Indigenous Peoples 

    Poto, Margherita Paola (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-01)
    <p>This article aims to analyse the participatory mechanisms in environmental decision making with a focus on indigenous peoples (IP)’s engagement in the Arctic Council (AC)’s decisions.</p> <p>The first part offers a comprehensive perspective of the IP self-determination requirement as both the means and the end of their full participation to environmental decisions: self-determination is both ...
  • Sea Level Rise and Shifting Maritime limits: Stable Baselines as a Response to Unstable Coastlines 

    Busch, Signe Veierud (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-22)
    It is a long known fact that climate change will result in sea level rise and dramatically changed coastlines for a number of coastal States, and the physical consequences of sea level rise are most likely unavoidable for several coastal States due to their geographical location, size and topography. It is highly debatable whether the Law of the Sea Convention is equipped for dealing with the ...
  • Nye bidrag til eiendomshistorien i Finnmark 

    Ravna, Øyvind (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    Eiendomshistorien og konstitusjonelle tilknytning for Finnmark, Norges nordligste fylke, skiller seg vesentlig fra resten av landet, for så vidt som en dominerende oppfatning frem til i dag har vært at staten har vært eier av Finnmark «fra Tidligste tider». Til tross for betydelige studier det siste halve tiåret, er den rådende oppfatning fortsatt at private eiendommer i Finnmark oppsto etter en ...
  • Tidsuavgrensede fisketillatelser i kystfiskeflåten? 

    Arntzen, Svein Kristian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    Forfatterens utgangspunkt er at overgang til tidsuavgrensede fisketillatelser i kystfiskeflåten vil være skjellsettende. Denne type tillatelser har hittil bare vært brukt i havfiskeflåten, men har manglet legitimitet i kystfiskeflåten. I denne flåtegruppen har eksklusiv høstingsadgang for et begrenset antall fartøy bare vært et lovlig virkemiddel for ett år av gangen, jf. deltakerloven § 21. I NOU ...
  • A Cold Rain on the Parade When the Sámi Celebrate 100th Anniversary 

    Ravna, Øyvind (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-02-06)
    6 February 2017 marks the centenary of The First Sámi Congress, which is also the reason that we today celebrate the 6th of February as the Sámi National Day. The First Congress will be thoroughly celebrated in Trondheim where it originally took place. Such an anniversary naturally inspires reflection on what the Sámi have achieved in the years since Elsa Laula Renberg and other visionary Sámi leaders ...
  • Participation as the Essence of Good Governance: Some General Reflections and a Case Study on the Arctic Council 

    Poto, Margherita Paola; Fornabaio, Lara (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-10)
    The present contribution explores aspects of good governance on the global dimension with participation as one of the key elements of a well-governed system, focusing on the Arctic Council’s (AC) commitment to enhance indigenous peoples’ participation in the environmental decision-making process. <br> The paper starts with a reflection on the revolutionary impact that new technologies have had ...
  • Good Governance Tools: Cross-Pollination from Nordic Corporate Law 

    Schøning, Lena (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-10)
    This article aims to analyze the extent to which good governance principles applicable to Nordic companies may be an appropriate good governance tool for a public or organizational entity. The company is an advanced organizational invention for its purpose, and Nordic companies are generally regarded as highly productive and well run. Nordic companies approached as smallscale units of governance ...
  • Application of the Right to Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources for Indigenous Peoples: Assessment of Current Legal Developments. 

    Enyew, Endalew Lijalem (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11)
    The right to Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources (PSNR) emerged in the era of decolonization. As a reaction to the irresponsible exploitation of natural resources by colonial powers, peoples under colonial rule and newly independent developing states asserted the right to control and dispose of their own natural resources. The UN General Assembly recognized and reinforced these claims ...
  • Transnational marriages in the North: Legal issues of Russian women married to Norwegian men 

    Brækhus, Hege (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-09-26)
    This article is about the legal situation for the many women who immigrated to the northernmost county in Norway, Finnmark, from North-West of Russia after the fall of the Iron Curtain. Their way of immigration was mostly through marriage to Norwegian men. To be foreign and new in a country could be difficult. How is their legal situation as newcomers? The complexity of problems will increase ...
  • Tilpasset mekling som konfliktløsningsmetode i konflikter om omsorgsorganisering 

    Nylund, Anna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
    I artikkelen analyseres gjeldende regler for mekling i konflikter om omsorgsorganisering. Forfatteren diskuterer så vel organiseringen av meklingen som formålet med meklingen. Et sentralt utgangspunkt er at meklingen i større grad må tilpasses familier med underliggende problematikk og at dette forutsetter en kartlegging av bakgrunnen for det høye konfliktnivået i familien. Forfatteren analyserer ...
  • Norway and Its Obligations under ILO 169 – Some Considerations after the Recent Stjernøy Supreme Court Case 

    Ravna, Øyvind (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11)
    The Norwegian Supreme Court recently pronounced its first ruling on a case which started with investigations by the Finnmark Commission. The Stjernøy Case1 arises from a title claim to land used as pasture by two groups of Sámi reindeer herders. A contributory reason for the claim was that there are mining activities on the island, from which the landowner is entitled to benefit according to the ...
  • Regional Oceans Governance. Making Regional Seas Programmes, Regional Fishery Bodies and Large Marine Ecosystem Mechanisms Work Better Together 

    Billé, Raphael; Chabason, Lucien; Drankier, Petra; Molenaar, Erik J.; Rochette, Julien (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2016)
    Oceans are of vital importance to the international community, not only for their living and non-living resources and the shipping and other maritime uses they facilitate, but also for the key role they play in the global climate and weather system. The marine environment, its resources, and its biodiversity are increasing threatened by human activities, both maritime and terrestrial. Anthropogenic ...
  • Strukturkvotetillatelser som formuesgoder 

    Arntzen, Svein Kristian (Chapter; Bokkapittel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
  • Kan liv tas til vern av annet enn menneskelig liv og helse? 

    Frostad, Magne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015)
    May life be taken in order to defend other values than life and health? Until the new provision on the right to life in the Norwegian constitution, Norwegian law would seem to have allowed for this, whereas our obligations under international law, especially under the European Convention on Human Rights, would seem to prohibit it. This text argues among others for a revision of the penal law ...
  • "Just let sleeping dogs lie?" -Om forskjellsbehandlingen i kystfartøygruppen og Grunnloven § 98 

    Arntzen, Svein kristian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015)
    Drøftingen tar utgangspunkt i at fiskerisystemet for kystfartøygruppen forskjellsbehandler fiskerne ut fra eierskap til enkeltfartøy i lukkede grupper. Dette innebærer at den som ønsker å drive ervervsmessig fiske i de lukkede fiskerier, i de fleste tilfeller er henvist til å erverve fartøy med kvotefaktorer. Dermed betaler vedkommende vederlag for retten til høsting av en ressurs som er tildelt ...
  • Regional Oceans Governance Mechanisms: A Review 

    Rochette, J.; Billé, R.; Molenaar, Erik Jaap; Drankier, P.; Chabason, L. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2015-06-06)
    The development of regional governance for the protection of the environment, sustainable use of natural resources and conservation of its biodiversity is unquestionably a cornerstone of international environmental law and policy. With regard to marine and coastal issues, it has mainly been taking place through Regional Seas programmes, Regional Fishery Bodies and Large Marine Ecosystems mechanisms. ...
  • The December 2015 Washington Meeting on High Seas Fishing in the Central Arctic Ocean 

    Molenaar, Erik Jaap (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Chronicle; Kronikk, 2016-02-05)
  • The Oslo Declaration on High Seas Fishing in the Central Arctic Ocean 

    Molenaar, Erik Jaap (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2015)
    On 16 July 2015, in Oslo, the coastal states of the Arctic Ocean – Canada, Denmark, Norway, the Russian Federation and the United States (Arctic Five) – took a long-awaited further step in the international regulation of Arctic Ocean fisheries by signing the ‘Declaration Concerning the Prevention of Unregulated High Seas Fishing in the Central Arctic Ocean’ (Oslo Declaration). Key features of ...

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