Recent additions

  • The “Colonial Clause” and Extraterritorial Application of Human Rights: The European Convention on Human Rights Article 56 and its Relationship to Article 1 

    Frostad, Magne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-04-30)
    Article 56 of the European Convention on Human Rights is often referred to as the «colonial clause» and it has received little attention by commentators, whereas there has been extensive writing on Article 1of the Convention regarding the extraterritorial reach of that treaty. Article 56 has nevertheless the effect of limiting the responsibility of Member States for acts and omissions of the ...
  • Electricity interconnection and trade between Norway and Russia 

    Neves, Maria Madalena das (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-26)
    Anticipated industrial growth in northern Norway, particularly of energy intensive industries such as hydrocarbons and mining, will inevitably result in increased electricity consumption. Northern Norway faces security of supply challenges, and substantial investments are needed in generation, transmission and distribution capacity in order to meet the growing electricity demand. This makes it ...
  • Barriers to wildlife movement in straits: Problematizing habitat connectivity across marine ecosystems 

    Lott, Alexander (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-25)
    The innovative development of the legal regime of straits has prevented the erection of ‘sovereignty-barriers’ to the movement of humans in and above straits. However, it overlooks to a great extent the significance of straits for marine organisms and birds. This article examines if it is necessary to supplement the legal regime of straits with rules that would allow circumnavigating ‘sovereign ...
  • A reply to calls for an extension of the definitoin of Sami in Finland 

    Åhren, Jon Matthias; Aikio, Antti (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-04-30)
    In Finland the legal definition of the indigenous Sámi has been debated heatedly for years and more recently it has entered academic circles. Some scholars submit that the current law-based definition in Finland is all too narrow, and argue that there should be more emphasis on self-identification by the individual. Further claims state that the ILO Convention No. 169 identifies the subjects of ...
  • Russia’s Blockade in the Sea of Azov: A Call for Relief Shipments for Mariupol 

    Lott, Alexander (Chronicle; Kronikk; Others; Andre, 2022)
    On 24 February 2022, the Russian Federation launched an invasion of Ukraine. Hundreds of thousands of Ukrainian civilians have no possibility to evacuate from besieged cities of eastern Ukraine as the humanitarian corridors are not functioning (see here). According to media reports, the worst humanitarian situation right now is found in the port city of Mariupol which has a strategic location ...
  • The Space for Restorative Justice in the Ethiopian Criminal Justice System 

    Enyew, Endalew Lijalem (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-12-31)
    Restorative Justice (RJ) is an alternative way of apprehending crime and justice which views crime as a violation of a relationship among victims, offenders and community, and which allows the active participation of the crime’s stakeholders. It has the objective of ‘putting right’ the wrong done, to restore the broken relationship and to reintegrate the offender back into society. The Ethiopian ...
  • Guidelines for Grey Zone Naval Incidents: Distinguishing between the Rules of Armed Conflict and Law Enforcement 

    Lott, Alexander (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Others; Andre, 2022-04-29)
    This short blog post aims to provide guidance for parties to hybrid naval warfare for determining whether the rules of armed conflict or law enforcement are applicable to various situations where force has been used against ships. The guidelines are based on the relevant case law and systemized into three scenarios: first, a commercial ship vs. government ship/warship (State vessel) scenario; ...
  • Coastal states and MPAs in ABNJ: Ensuring consistency with the LOSC 

    Oude Elferink, Alexander G. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-22)
    To address the question how a future instrument for areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ) might give consideration to the rights and obligations of coastal States and other States in establishing marine protected areas (MPAs) in ABNJ, the current article discusses the options that have been tabled in this respect in the preparatory meetings for the intergovernmental conference that will be ...
  • Co-creazione della ricerca e del sapere nel sistema dell’ecologia integrale 

    Poto, Margherita Paola; Porrone, Arianna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    “Nella mia prima conferenza ero partito dai poemi di Lucrezio e di Ovidio e dal modello di un sistema d’infinite relazioni di tutto con tutto […]” (I. Calvino, Lezioni Americane, 1988)<p> <p>Le riflessioni giuridiche, filosofiche e spirituali sull’etica ambientale convergono nel ritenere che la crisi ecologica del nostro tempo riflette la disfunzione del rapporto natura-società [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ...
  • Ulovlig påvirkningsvirksomhet i samarbeid med fremmed etterretningstjeneste. Er kriminalisering av påvirkningsvirksomhet i samarbeid med fremmed etterretningstjeneste forenelig med kravet til klar lovhjemmel etter EMK artikkel 7? 

    Hennig, Martin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-09)
    In 2019, the Danish Parliament amended its Criminal Code, and introduced a ban on the participation in »unlawful influence activities conducted in cooperation with foreign intelligence services«. The ban is far-reaching, and is intended to criminalize participation in influence activities that can affect decision-making or the general public opinion in Denmark. According to Danish authorities, Denmark ...
  • China-Taiwan Threats of Force and the Paradox of the ‘Nuclear Weapons Principle’ 

    Helmersen, Sondre Torp (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-09-21)
    The People’s Republic of China (‘China’) has adopted legislation threatening to invade the Republic of China (‘Taiwan’) if the latter declares independence. Threats of force are prohibited by the UN Charter Article 2(4) and equivalent customary international law. This article proceeds along two apparently contradictory strands. On the one hand, the prohibition probably does not apply to non-State ...
  • The Methodology of Formal Interpretations of Judicial Decisions by the International Court of Justice 

    Helmersen, Sondre Torp (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-12)
    This article examines the International Court of Justice’s methodology in cases where it interprets its own decisions under the procedure in Article 60 of the Statute. The Court is constrained by respect for the res judicata of the previous decision. When interpreting the decision the Court and its judges strive to find the intention behind a decision, and emphasise elements that include wording, ...
  • Folkerettslig immunitet i norsk sivilprosess 

    Helmersen, Sondre Torp (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-17)
    Folkeretten har regler om statsimmunitet og diplomatisk immunitet, som gir stater og deres representanter vern mot fremmede staters domstoler og andre myndigheter. Norsk sivilprosess har bestemmelser om sektormonisme, som sier at folkeretten går foran norsk lov ved motstrid. Dette utgangspunktet kan virke enkelt. Folkerettens immunitetsregler har vært oppe for norske domstoler i en rekke saker, og ...
  • Hensynet til koherens i den dynamiske tingsretten 

    Salvesen, Sverre Magnus Bergslid (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-05)
    Innenfor den dynamiske tingsretten har hensynene til å motvirke kreditorsvik, notoritet, publisitet, legitimasjon og god tro vært fremhevet som sentrale. I nyere tid har også hensynet til koherens vært fremhevet i rettsdogmatiske fremstillinger av den dynamiske tingsretten. Artikkelen undersøker om, og eventuelt hvordan, hensynet til koherens kan få betydning ved tolkning av rettsspørsmål som faller ...
  • Review of Joachim Weber (ed.), Handbook on Geopolitics and Security in the Arctic: The High North Between Cooperation and Confrontation 

    Tsiouvalas, Apostolos (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-06-30)
    The Handbook on Geopolitics and Security in the Arctic: The High North Between Cooperation and Confrontation, edited by Joachim Weber, is part of the Springer series Frontiers in International Relations. Published in 2020, the anthology comes at a turbulent time in Arctic geopolitics, when the traditional supremacy of the Arctic littoral states has started to be challenged by the lurking interests ...
  • The (In)applicability of the Right of Innocent Passage in the Gulf of Finland – Russia’s Return to a Mare Clausum? 

    Lott, Alexander (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-16)
    The Gulf of Finland has one of the busiest shipping routes globally and is the main export channel for Russian oil and gas. The Russian Federation has not closed its territorial sea for the east-west passage of ships to and from its ports. However, it has blocked over the past dozen years the north-south passage of an Estonian-Finnish commercial ferry line that has not received the Russian Federation’s ...
  • The MS Estonia Shipwreck Revisited: New Developments in the Protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage in the Northern Baltic Sea 

    Lott, Alexander (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-12)
    It is widely believed that international law does not enable to protect effectively the wreck of the ms Estonia against looting. The protection regime established under the 1995 ms Estonia Treaty is binding and violations against it can be effectively sanctioned in respect of only the nationals of its few States Parties, resulting in numerous jurisdictional gaps.<p> <p>This study argues that the ...
  • Northern Sea Route Permit Scheme: Does Article 234 of UNCLOS Allow Prior Authorization? 

    Solski, Jan Jakub (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-20)
    The legislation of Russia and Canada includes a veiled requirement to obtain prior authorization from the coastal State for merchant ships to navigate through large areas in the Arctic. The coastal State concept of prior authorization presupposes that a coastal State may legally give or withhold its consent to the passage of a vessel. In areas where flag States enjoy navigational rights or freedoms, ...
  • The Contribution of Integrated Marine Policies to Marine Environmental Protection: The Case of Norway 

    Schøning, Lena (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-12)
    This article investigates the contribution of the Norwegian integrated marine management (IMM) plans to marine environmental protection and conservation. These plans have been described as international best practice, and the government’s goal is ‘for Norway to be a pioneer in developing an integrated ecosystem-based management regime for marine areas’. The plans pursue other objectives, including ...
  • Det nye grunnsystemets legitimitet (Det nye kvotesystemet mangler legitimitet på grunn av svak lovgivningsprosess) 

    Arntzen, Svein Kristian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2021-11-10)
    Med knapt flertall (45 mot 42 stemmer) endret Stortinget den 9. februar 2021 grunnsystemet for deltakelse og tildeling av kvoter i ervervsmessig fiske.

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