Recent additions

  • Nature Protection, Indigenous Rights, and Climate Action 

    Enyew, Endalew Lijalem; Poto, Margherita Paola (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2021)
    Climate change is affecting indigenous peoples and their rights. However, indigenous peoples themselves are at the forefront of climate action, having protected nature for millennia, and now becoming increasingly aware of the active role they can play in the formulating and implementing processes of the international legal climate-change agenda.2 <p> <p>This chapter explores to what extent existing ...
  • Covid-19 and Norwegian Civil Justice 

    Nylund, Anna (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2021)
    Norwegian courts have been digitised at an unprecedented pace during the Covid-19 pandemic. Because case management hearings were already conducted remotely and expert witnesses were often examined remotely, the transition to fully remote hearings has been fairly smooth in Norway, as will be explained in Section 2. However, the implementation of new technology has entailed some difficulties, in ...
  • Rettskartleggingen i Finnmark 

    Ravna, Øyvind (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2021)
    Rettskartleggingen i Finnmark er et resultat av Norges folkerettslige forpliktelser overfor samene, blant annet til å etablere hensiktsmessige ordninger i nasjonal rettsorden for å avklare og avgjøre landrettighetskrav fra urfolk. Denne plikten er forankret i ILO-konvensjon nr. 169 om urfolk og stammefolk i selvstendige stater artikkel 14 og var en rettesnor for Stortingets justiskomite i arbeidet ...
  • Mare Nullius or Mare Suum? Using Ethnography to Debate Rights to Marine Resources in Coastal Sámi Communities of Troms 

    Tsiouvalas, Apostolos (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020)
    While legal progress on indigenous land claims has recently been fostered around the globe, sea claims still lag behind. Since the beginning of colonization, the doctrine of mare nullius declared seas vacant of indigenous tenure or authority and led to the establishment of sovereign State jurisdiction over offshore areas, and more recently to the characterization of the living resources in these ...
  • More Disputes ahead for the CLCS? CLCS Practice on Rule 46 of Its Rules of Procedure 

    Busch, Signe Veierud (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020)
    When the provisions on the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) were negotiated during the Third UN Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III), its role in relation to disputes was only vaguely described in the Convention text.2 To implement and operationalize its obligations and mandate provided in article 76(8) of and Annex II to the United Nations Convention on the Law of ...
  • The CAOF Agreement. Key Issues of International Fisheries Law 

    Molenaar, Erik J. (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020)
    This Chapter is devoted to issues relating to the Agreement to Prevent Unregulated High Seas Fisheries in the Central Arctic Ocean and its negotiation that are of key importance to international fisheries law. It provides an overview of the Arctic Five and Five-plus-Five processes that culminated in the Agreement, as well as the Agreement’s institutional set-up and setting. These negotiation processes ...
  • Children's Constitutional Right to Respect for Family Life in Norway: Words or Real Effect? 

    Bendiksen, Lena R. Lauritsen (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2019-11-19)
    Children`s right to respect for family life is widely recognised in Norwegian law. The specific provision on children’s human rights in the Norwegian Constitution, section 104, mentions family. In addition, section 102 states that everyone, including children, have a right to respect for private and family life. The Convention on the Rights of the Child (crc) and the European Convention on Human ...
  • Framework Agreement on Fisheries between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Kingdom of Norway 

    Barnes, Richard Alan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-07)
    On 30 September 2020, the United Kingdom and Norway signed the Framework Agreement on Fisheries that will provide the basis for future cooperation in the sustainable management of their fisheries. The Agreement is the first such agreement adopted by the UK following its decision to the leave the European Union. This note provides some background to the Agreement and examines its key features. Whilst ...
  • The European Union and the Arctic 

    Liu, Nengye; Kirk, Elizabeth A.; Henriksen, Tore (Book; Bok, 2017-09-11)
    The European Union and the Arctic brings together academics from a range of disciplines to discuss the EU's potential roles in shaping Arctic governance. The book is divided into three parts. The first part examines the EU’s current Arctic policy framework. The second part focuses on the EU’s engagement with Arctic governance at the regional level and encompasses the EU’s engagement with the so-called ...
  • Fiskerigrensesaken mellom Norge og Storbritannia og sakens betydning for norsk rett 60 år senere 

    Skogvang, Susann Funderud (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012-04-30)
    Fiskerigrensesaken mellom Norge og Storbritannia omhandlet metoden for opptrekkingen av grunnlinjer og er en viktig folkerettslig avgjørelse, særlig sett med norske øyne. Forfatteren belyser hvilken betydning historisk bruk hadde for tolkningen og anvendelsen av folkeretten i Fiskerigrensesaken. Videre drøftes hvordan saken har bidratt til at spørsmål om private fiskerettigheter igjen har blitt ...
  • Barns erstatningsansvar etter skadeserstatningsloven § 1-1 - særlig om forholdet til oppreisningsansvar etter § 3-5 

    Kolsum, Marte (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-11)
    Artikkelen omhandler barns erstatningsansvar etter skadeserstatningsloven (skl.) § 1-1 generelt, og forholdet til oppreisningsansvaret spesielt – i lys av nyere rettspraksis. Forfatteren analyserer betydningen av barnets beste for tolkningen av regelen, og for den konkrete helhetsvurderingen. Forfatteren analyserer også rekkevidden av retningslinjene som er gitt i nyere praksis, og kommer med ...
  • The Application of Teachings by the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea 

    Helmersen, Sondre Torp (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-24)
    Scholars have examined the role of ‘teachings’ (or ‘literature’, ‘doctrine’ or ‘scholarship’) in various international courts and tribunals, but never the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS). This article analyses the general weight ITLOS judges assign to teachings, how the judges distinguish between more and less significant teachings, and how and why different judges use teachings ...
  • Har myndighetene plikt til å hjelpe norske barn i Syria til Norge? 

    Martnes, Mona (Preprint; Manuskript, 2020-03-03)
    I denne artikkelen behandles spørsmålet om norske myndigheter har plikt til å bistå norske barn i interneringsleirer i Syria med å komme til Norge. Spørsmålet er særlig om det foreligger en slik plikt etter menneskerettighetene, eller om norske myndigheter ikke er forpliktet, fordi barna befinner seg utenfor norsk jurisdiksjon. Artikkelen er basert på en prøveforelesning avholdt 13. november 2019 ...
  • Grensesetting og bruk av tvang overfor barn i fosterhjem 

    Olesen, Esben Søndergaard Bruun; Bliksvær, Trond; Videt, Lea Louise; Storvik, Marius; Ulfseth, Lena Augusta; Lichtwarck, Willy (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2023)
  • Corto Maltese and the Myriad Narratives of a More-than-Human Ocean: Revisiting Some of UNCLOS’ Ontological Assumptions 

    Tsiouvalas, Apostolos (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-01-12)
    Graphic novels have been previously recognized by scholarly research as a valuable conceptual lens for thinking critically about law. Asserting the need for a deeper engagement with the material foundations, ontological beliefs and epistemological grids that lie under the development of international law of the sea, this article delves into the imaginary oceanic universe of Hugo Pratt’s classic ...
  • The Polar Code Process and Sovereignty Bargains: Comparing the Approaches of Canada and Russia to POLARIS 

    Solski, Jan Jakub (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-04-07)
    Owing to a shift from the culture of compliance to the culture of benchmarking, the Polar Code process of ensuring safe operation and environmental protection in Polar waters is still ongoing. The risk and goal-based approaches embedded in significant parts of the Polar Code invite different stakeholders to participate in the development of Arctic shipping governance. The methodology used in the ...
  • From “Common Pools” to “Fish Pools”: Shifting Property Institutions in Traditional Waters of Norway and Canada 

    Tsiouvalas, Apostolos; Evans, Jen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-05-02)
    Although exclusive common pool resource management regimes have locally been applied since time immemorial in many coastal and fjord areas, in the legal conceptualization of space, the oceans and their living resources were traditionally treated as a “global commons.” The idea of restricting access to coastal oceanic resources and delegating their governance to state instruments has become increasingly ...
  • Can the International Regulatory Framework on Ships’ Routing, Ship Reporting, and Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) Accommodate Marine Autonomous Surface Ships (MASS)?: Exploring the Autonomy-Neutral Character of the Existing Regulations 

    Parlov, Iva (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-06-05)
    The recent maiden voyage of the Yara Birkeland witnessed yet another development in autonomy that is transforming the maritime sector. Marine autonomous surface ships (MASS) are claimed to bring many opportunities to society at large, not least in terms of operational efficiency and safety of the crew, fewer emissions, and greener shipping. On the assumption that MASS will prove safe enough to ply ...
  • Uten tvangshjemmel kan liv og helse settes i fare 

    Thorvaldsen, Nina Øye; Holst, Øyvind; Bergem, Anne Kristine; Häikiö, Kristin (Chronicle; Kronikk, 2023-01-30)
    Det finnes et «hjemmel-tomt» rom som hindrer ambulansepersonell i å utøve jobben forsvarlig og trygt, og som fører til unødvendig bruk av politibistand. At ambulansepersonell mangler hjemmel til å bruke tvang, kan sette pasienters liv og helse i fare.
  • Doctor Chatbot: The EUʼs Regulatory Prescription for Generative Medical AI 

    Hauglid, Mathias K.; Mahler, Tobias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-06-30)
    This article analyses the EUʼs regulation of medical artificial intelligence (AI) from a product safety perspective, concentrating on the interplay between the proposed AI Act (AIA) and the Medical Device Regulation (MDR). Recent advances in AI development illustrate the future potential of generative AI technologies, including those based on Large Language Models (LLMs). In a medical context, AI ...

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