Recent additions

  • More or Less Integrated Ocean Management: Multiple Integrated Approaches and Two Norms 

    Schøning, Lena (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-14)
    Through a normative lens, this article investigates integrated ocean management and the multiple concepts that it involves. Although international law provides legal authority to coastal states to manage their ocean area entitlements, no single legally binding norm specific to integrated ocean management exists. Nevertheless, by combining different internationally recognized sources, this article ...
  • From Outer Space to Ocean Depths: The ‘Spacecraft Cemetery’ and the Protection of the Marine Environment in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction 

    De Lucia, Vito; Iavicoli, Viviana (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019)
  • Unilateral Hydrocarbon Activities in Undelimited Maritime Areas 

    Ermolina, Natalia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    While the number of established maritime boundaries steadily increases, there are many situations where delimitation disputes between neighboring States remain unsettled. In the latter situation, States may face the existence of a hydrocarbon deposit that is located in an area where their maritime claims overlap. The presence of such a deposit inevitably creates a range of intricate legal (and ...
  • Reduced brain-derived neurotrophic factor is associated with childhood trauma experiences and number of depressive episodes in severe mental disorders 

    Aas, Monica; Dieset, Ingrid; Mørch, Ragni Helene; Steen, Nils Eiel; Hope, Sigrun; Reponen, Elina Johanna; Anderssen, Jannicke Fjæra; Ueland, Thor; Aukrust, Pål; Melle, Ingrid; Agartz, Ingrid; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-17)
    <p><i>Background - </i>Although several studies have found reduced plasma BDNF levels in patients with severe mental disorders, the sample sizes have been small and have exhibited variation and heterogeneity. Furthermore, long-term neurobiological changes following childhood trauma and clinical severity have been linked to a reduction in BDNF levels. Accordingly, we aim to clarify, using the largest ...
  • The Untouchable Nature of the ‘EU Seal Regime’— Is the European Union Liable for the Damages Suffered by the Canadian Inuit Due to the Violation of WTO Law in EC—Seal Products? 

    Hennig, Martin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-12)
    In this article, the author assesses whether Canadian Inuit sealers, who have suffered economic damage in the wake of the introduction of the European Union (EU) ban on seal products, can bring an action for damages against the EU before the European Court of Justice. The author reviews why the EU ban on seal hunting violates World Trade Office (WTO) law and discusses if, and why, Canadian Inuit ...
  • The Concept of Commons and Marine Genetic Resources in Areas beyond National Jurisdiction 

    De Lucia, Vito (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-27)
    This article explores some of the ways in which marine genetic resources conceptually and normatively intersect with the concept and idea of commons. Through an analysis of the terminological ambiguities and semantic slippages characterizing the usage of the concept of commons in international law, the article addresses questions relation to the idea of global commons and to the multiple reciprocal ...
  • Bare Nature. The Biopolitical Logic of the International Regulation of Invasive Alien Species 

    De Lucia, Vito (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-04)
    There is a general and widespread consensus on the negative impacts of invasive alien species on biological diversity. Invasive alien species are indeed considered a fundamental threat for endemic biological diversity. Their introduction to novel environments is often described, eloquently, as a <i>biological invasion</i>. How is the threat of invasive alien species addressed in international law? ...
  • A critical interrogation of the relation between the ecosystem approach and ecosystem services 

    De Lucia, Vito (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2018-01-23)
    This article offers a critical interrogation of the relationship between two emerging conceptual frameworks whose importance has grown quickly within the context of international environmental law: the ecosystem approach and ecosystem services. Both premised on the concept of the ecosystem, their origin is parallel, but their present and future is convergent and increasingly intertwined. The ecosystem ...
  • Naval Blockade 

    Frostad, Magne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-13)
    Naval blockade is an old form of warfare where the current restatement of customary international law on this issue – the 1994 San Remo Manual – leaves something to be desired. The article considers the history of the concept and its current regulation like the requirements for establishing a naval blockade and addresses also issues in relation to its enforcement.
  • The Arctic environment and the BBNJ negotiations. Special rules for special circumstances? 

    De Lucia, Vito (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-18)
    The question this article wishes to raise, albeit in a preliminary and exploratory manner, is whether or not the Arctic, due to its special ecological circumstances, should be regulated in some special ways within the context of the new BBNJ agreement. Taking as the starting point some of the existing special rules adopted under UNCLOS and the IMO to account for special ecological circumstances, ...
  • Participatory engagement and the empowerment of the Arctic Indigenous Peoples 

    Poto, Margherita Paola (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-01)
    <p>This article aims to analyse the participatory mechanisms in environmental decision making with a focus on indigenous peoples (IP)’s engagement in the Arctic Council (AC)’s decisions.</p> <p>The first part offers a comprehensive perspective of the IP self-determination requirement as both the means and the end of their full participation to environmental decisions: self-determination is both ...
  • Sea Level Rise and Shifting Maritime limits: Stable Baselines as a Response to Unstable Coastlines 

    Busch, Signe Veierud (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-22)
    It is a long known fact that climate change will result in sea level rise and dramatically changed coastlines for a number of coastal States, and the physical consequences of sea level rise are most likely unavoidable for several coastal States due to their geographical location, size and topography. It is highly debatable whether the Law of the Sea Convention is equipped for dealing with the ...
  • Nye bidrag til eiendomshistorien i Finnmark 

    Ravna, Øyvind (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    Eiendomshistorien og konstitusjonelle tilknytning for Finnmark, Norges nordligste fylke, skiller seg vesentlig fra resten av landet, for så vidt som en dominerende oppfatning frem til i dag har vært at staten har vært eier av Finnmark «fra Tidligste tider». Til tross for betydelige studier det siste halve tiåret, er den rådende oppfatning fortsatt at private eiendommer i Finnmark oppsto etter en ...
  • Tidsuavgrensede fisketillatelser i kystfiskeflåten? 

    Arntzen, Svein Kristian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    Forfatterens utgangspunkt er at overgang til tidsuavgrensede fisketillatelser i kystfiskeflåten vil være skjellsettende. Denne type tillatelser har hittil bare vært brukt i havfiskeflåten, men har manglet legitimitet i kystfiskeflåten. I denne flåtegruppen har eksklusiv høstingsadgang for et begrenset antall fartøy bare vært et lovlig virkemiddel for ett år av gangen, jf. deltakerloven § 21. I NOU ...
  • A Cold Rain on the Parade When the Sámi Celebrate 100th Anniversary 

    Ravna, Øyvind (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-02-06)
    6 February 2017 marks the centenary of The First Sámi Congress, which is also the reason that we today celebrate the 6th of February as the Sámi National Day. The First Congress will be thoroughly celebrated in Trondheim where it originally took place. Such an anniversary naturally inspires reflection on what the Sámi have achieved in the years since Elsa Laula Renberg and other visionary Sámi leaders ...
  • Participation as the Essence of Good Governance: Some General Reflections and a Case Study on the Arctic Council 

    Poto, Margherita Paola; Fornabaio, Lara (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-10)
    The present contribution explores aspects of good governance on the global dimension with participation as one of the key elements of a well-governed system, focusing on the Arctic Council’s (AC) commitment to enhance indigenous peoples’ participation in the environmental decision-making process. <br> The paper starts with a reflection on the revolutionary impact that new technologies have had ...
  • Good Governance Tools: Cross-Pollination from Nordic Corporate Law 

    Schøning, Lena (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-10)
    This article aims to analyze the extent to which good governance principles applicable to Nordic companies may be an appropriate good governance tool for a public or organizational entity. The company is an advanced organizational invention for its purpose, and Nordic companies are generally regarded as highly productive and well run. Nordic companies approached as smallscale units of governance ...
  • Application of the Right to Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources for Indigenous Peoples: Assessment of Current Legal Developments. 

    Enyew, Endalew Lijalem (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11)
    The right to Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources (PSNR) emerged in the era of decolonization. As a reaction to the irresponsible exploitation of natural resources by colonial powers, peoples under colonial rule and newly independent developing states asserted the right to control and dispose of their own natural resources. The UN General Assembly recognized and reinforced these claims ...
  • Transnational marriages in the North: Legal issues of Russian women married to Norwegian men 

    Brækhus, Hege (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-09-26)
    This article is about the legal situation for the many women who immigrated to the northernmost county in Norway, Finnmark, from North-West of Russia after the fall of the Iron Curtain. Their way of immigration was mostly through marriage to Norwegian men. To be foreign and new in a country could be difficult. How is their legal situation as newcomers? The complexity of problems will increase ...

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