Impact of polyols on oral microbiome of Estonian schoolchildren
AuthorŠtšepetova, Jelena; Truu, Jaak; Runnel, Riina; Nõmmela, Rita; Saag, Mare; Olak, Jaana; Nõlvak, Hiie; Preem, Jens-Konrad; Oopkaup, Kristjan; Krjutškov, Kaarel; Honkala, Eino; Honkala, Sisko; Mäkinen, Kauko; Mäkinen, Pirkko-Liisa; Vahlberg, Tero; Vermeiren, Joan; Bosscher, Douwina; de Cock, Peter; Mändar, Reet
Methods - Ninety children (11.3 ± 0.6 years) consumed candies during 3 years. Microbial communities were profiled using Illumina HiSeq 2000 sequencing and real-time PCR.
Results - The dominant phyla in saliva were Firmicutes (39.1%), Proteobacteria (26.1%), Bacteroidetes (14.7%), Actinobacteria (12%) and Fusobacteria (6%). The microbiome of erythritol group significantly differed from that of the other groups. Both erythritol and xylitol reduced the number of observed bacterial phylotypes in comparison to the control group. The relative abundance of the genera Veillonella, Streptococcus and Fusobacterium were higher while that of Bergeyella lower after erythritol intervention when comparing with control. The lowest prevalence of caries-related mutans streptococci corresponded with the lowest clinical caries markers in the erythritol group.
Conclusions - Daily consumption of erythritol, xylitol or control candies has a specific influence on the salivary microbiome composition in schoolchildren. Erythritol is associated with the lowest prevalence of caries-related mutans streptococci and the lowest levels of clinical caries experience.