Now showing items 1-20 of 137

    • Oral Health Care Reform in Finland – aiming to reduce inequity in care provision 

      Niiranen, Teija; Widström, Eeva; Niskanen, Tapani (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2008-01-28)
      Background: In Finland, dental services are provided by a public (PDS) and a private sector. In the past, children, young adults and special needs groups were entitled to care and treatment from the public dental services (PDS). A major reform in 2001 – 2002 opened the PDS and extended subsidies for private dental services to all adults. It aimed to increase equity by improving adults' access to ...
    • Association of Examination Rates with Children's National Caries Indices in Finland 

      Suominen-Taipale, AL; Widström, Eeva; Sund, R (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2009)
    • Face and Neck Dermatitis from a Stainless Steel Orthodontic Appliance 

      Ehrnrooth, M; Kerosuo, Heidi Maria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009)
    • Pit and fissure sealants in dental public health – application criteria and general policy in Finland 

      Kervanto-Seppälä, Sari; Kerosuo, Eero; Pietilä, Ilpo; Meurman, Jukka H (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009-02-04)
      Background: Pit and fissure sealants (sealants) are widely used as a non-operative preventive method in public dental health in Finland. Most children under 19 years of age attend the community-organized dental health services free of charge. The aims of this study were to find out to what extent sealants were applied, what the attitudes of dental professionals towards sealant application were, ...
    • Glimt fra den voksne tannpleierstudent i fleksibel utdanning, sett i lys av teori om voksenpedagogikk : 

      Pedersen, Jorun Elisabeth (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010)
    • Oral health care and dental treatment needs in the Barents region 

      Widström, Eeva; Koposova, Natalia V; Nordengen, Ragnhild; Bergdahl, Maud Annika; Eriksen, Harald M; Ekaterina, Fabrikant (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      The first aim was to study how oral health care delivery was organized in member countries and to determine whether there were differences across the Barents region. The second aim was to assess the performance of the care provision systems. The Barents region is one of the largest hinterlands in northern Europe. Descriptions of the oral health care provision systems in Norway, Sweden, Finland and ...
    • Modeling the theory of planned behavior for intention to improve oral health behaviors : the impact of attitudes, knowledge, and current behavior 

      Dumitrescu, Alexandrina L; Wagle, Madhu; Dogaru, Beatrice C; Manolescu, B (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      The aim of this study was to test the efficiency of an extended model of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in predicting intention to improve oral health behaviors. The participants in this cross-sectional study were 153 first-year medical students (mean age 20.16, 50 males and 103 females) who completed a questionnaire assessing intentions, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral ...
    • Willingness and ability to pay for unexpected dental expenses by Finnish adults 

      Widström, Eeva; Seppälä, Timo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Since 2002, adults have been able to choose oral health care services in the public sector or in the private sector in Finland. Though various subsidies for care exist in both sectors, the Public Dental Service (PDS) is a cheaper option for the patient but, on the other hand, there are no waiting lists for private care. The aim of this study was to assess middle-aged adults' use of dental services, ...
    • Oral health among 35-year-olds in Oslo, Norway : a summary of time trends 1973-2003 

      Skudutyte-Rysstad, Rasa; Eriksen, Harald M; Bjertness, Espen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Oral health conditions have been investigated in 35-year-old Oslo citizens in four cross-sectional, age-specific epidemiological studies performed in 1973, 1984, 1993 and 2003. The main aim of the series of investigations was to monitor changes in oral health, including dental caries and endodontic and periodontal conditions. Data will give clues to what extent the documented improvements in oral ...
    • Oral health-related quality of life among 12-year-olds in northern norway and north-west Russia. 

      Koposova, Natalia V; Eriksen, Harald M; Widström, Eeva; Eisemann, Martin; Opravin, Alexander; Koposov, Roman A (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Aims: To assess self-perceived oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in 12-year-olds living in two areas in the Barents region: North-West Russia (Arkhangelsk) and Northern Norway (Tromsø). Methods: Sampling was performed according to a stratified cluster design and consisted of 590 Russian and 264 Norwegian 12-year-olds and their parents. After written consent from their parents, 514 Russian ...
    • Heavy consumption of dental services; a longitudinal cohort study among Finnish adults 

      Nihtilä, Annamari; Widström, Eeva; Elonheimo, Outi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background: A reform to Dental Care legislation in 2002 abolished age limits restricting adults’ use of public dental services in Finland. In the Public Dental Service (PDS) unit of Espoo, the proportion of adult patients rose from 36% to 57%. The aim of this study was to investigate heavy use of dental services by adults and its determinants. Methods: A longitudinal cohort study was undertaken ...
    • Nuclear Legumain Activity in Colorectal Cancer 

      Haugen, Mads Haugland; Johansen, Harald Thidemann; Pettersen, Solveig; Solberg, Rigmor; Brix, Klaudia; Flatmark, Kjersti; Mælandsmo, Gunhild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The cysteine protease legumain is involved in several biological and pathological processes, and the protease has been found over-expressed and associated with an invasive and metastatic phenotype in a number of solid tumors. Consequently, legumain has been proposed as a prognostic marker for certain cancers, and a potential therapeutic target. Nevertheless, details on how legumain advances ...
    • Correlation between caries experience in Sudanese school children and dietary habits, according to a food frequency questionnaire, and a modifies 24-hr recall method 

      Nurelhuda, Nazik N; Malde, Marian Kjellevold; Ahmed, Mutaz Faisal; Trovik, Tordis A (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      World-wide epidemiological studies have found positive correlations between sugarsweetened snack intake and dental caries in developing countries and the contrary in developed countries. The pattern of sugar-sweetened snack intake and the magnitude of its effect on the prevalence of dental caries differs from one population to another rendering it important to study each situation separately. In ...
    • Immediate function on the day of surgery compared with a delayed implant loading process in the mandible: A randomized clinical trial over 5 years 

      Jokstad, Asbjørn; Alkumru, Hassan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-10-23)
      Objectives: To appraise the feasibility of loading four implants with a pre-existing denture converted to a fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) on the day of implant surgery compared with waiting for 3- to 4-month healing.<p> <p>Methods: Patients with an edentulous, fully healed mandible were recruited in a faculty clinic to partake in a blinded two-arm parallel randomized controlled trial (RCT). The ...
    • Language of motivation and emotion in an internet support group for smoking cessation: Explorative use of automated content analysis to measure regulatory focus 

      Johnsen, Jan-Are Kolset; Vambheim, Sara Magelssen; Wynn, Rolf; Wangberg, Silje C (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The present study describes a novel approach to the identification of the motivational processes in text data extracted from an Internet support group (ISG) for smoking cessation. Based on the previous findings that a “prevention” focus might be more relevant for maintaining behavior change, it was hypothesized that 1) language use (ie, the use of emotional words) signaling a “promotion” focus would ...
    • Dental anxiety: A comparison of students of dentistry, biology and psychology 

      Storjord, Helene; Teodorsen, Mari; Bergdahl, Jan; Wynn, Rolf; Johnsen, Jan-Are Kolset (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-09-23)
      Dental anxiety is an important challenge for many patients and clinicians. It is thus of importance to know more about dental students’ own experiences with dental anxiety and their understanding of dental anxiety. The aim was to investigate differences in dental anxiety levels between dental students, psychology students, and biology students at a Norwegian university.
    • Fracture resistance of monolithic zirconia molar crowns with reduced thickness 

      Nakamura, Keisuke; Harada, A.; Inagaki, R.; Kanno, Taro; Niwano, Y.; Milleding, Percy; Ørtengren, Ulf Thore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-01-30)
      Objectives. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the relationship between fracture load of monolithic zirconia crowns and axial/occlusal thickness, and to evaluate the fracture resistance of monolithic zirconia crowns with reduced thickness in comparison with that of monolithic lithium disilicate crowns with regular thickness. Materials and methods. Monolithic zirconia crowns (Lava ...
    • Development and validation of an instrument to assess oral health literacy in Norwegian adult dental patients 

      Stein, Linda Maria; Pettersen, Kjell Sverre; Bergdahl, Maud; Bergdahl, Jan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-02-05)
      Objective: To develop and validate an interview instrument to assess oral health literacy in Norwegian adult dental patients. <p/>Materials and methods: The instrument, Adult Health Literacy Instrument for Dentistry (AHLID), was based on an OECD instrument used to assess general literacy in adults. 130 Norwegian adults (mean age 48 years; 57% women) participated. AHLID included a selection of ...
    • Fracture resistance of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing-generated composite resin-based molar crowns 

      Harada, A; Nakamura, Keisuke; Kanno, Taro; Inagaki, R.; Ørtengren, Ulf Thore; Niwano, Y.; Sasaki, Keiichi; Egusa, Hiroshi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-02-16)
      The aim of this study was to investigate whether different fabrication processes, such as the computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) system or the manual build-up technique, affect the fracture resistance of composite resin-based crowns. Lava Ultimate (LU), Estenia C&B (EC&B), and lithium disilicate glass-ceramic IPS e.max press (EMP) were used. Four types of molar crowns were ...
    • The wonderful aspects of Open Access publishing - and the unfortunate dark side. 

      Jokstad, Asbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2015-03-10)