Now showing items 21-40 of 50

    • Sverige och Norge erbjöd fast job – Finland bara osäkerhet: Fick professurer i Tromsö 

      Viktorsson, Sören (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2017)
      När Finland inte förmår levera söker sig universitetslärare utomlands. Acatiimi har intervjuat några som fått jobb i Sverige samt Norge.
    • Long-Term Effect of Erythritol on Dental Caries Development during Childhood: A Posttreatment Survival Analysis 

      Falony, G; Honkala, Sisko; Runnel, R; Olak, J; Nommela, R; Russak, S; Saag, M; Makinen, P-L; Makinen, K; Valhberg, T; Honkala, Eino (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12)
      Objective: Assess the effect of daily consumption of erythritol, xylitol, and sorbitol candies on caries development in mixed dentition during a three-year intervention and three years after the intervention. Methods: 485 Estonian first and second grade primary school children participated. Children were randomly allocated to an erythritol, xylitol, or sorbitol (control) group. Polyol-containing ...
    • Five-minute Apgar score ≤ 5 and molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) - a case control study 

      Sidaly, Rivan; Schmalfuss, Andreas Jørn; Skaare, Anne B; Sehic, Amer; Stiris, Tom; Espelid, Ivar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-07-22)
      Background: The aetiology of molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) is unclear. The asymmetric distribution of MIH in the dentition may indicate that an insult of short duration that affects ameloblasts at a vulnerable stage could be a causative factor. Apgar ≤ 5 at 5 min may indicate asphyxia (hypoxic-ischemic insult) during birth. It was hypnotised that low Apgar score during birth may cause MIH. ...
    • Longitudinal Evidence for Smaller Hippocampus Volume as a Vulnerability Factor for Perceived Stress 

      Lindgren, Lenita; Bergdahl, Jan; Nyberg, Lars (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Hippocampal volume has been found to be smaller in individuals with stress-related disorders, but it remains unclear whether smaller volume is a consequence of stress or rather a vulnerability factor. Here, we examined this issue by relating stress levels to hippocampal volumes in healthy participants examined every 5 years in a longitudinal population-based study. Based on scores of 25- to ...
    • Prevalence among adolescents in Bergen, Western Norway, of temporomandibular disorders according to the DC/TMD criteria and examination protocol 

      Graue, Anne Marit; Jokstad, Asbjørn; Assmus, Jörg; Skeie, Marit Slåttelid (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-06-02)
      Objective: The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) amongst adolescents and to contrast the prevalence of TMD according to the DC/TMD clinical examination protocol versus the prevalence of TMD pain according to two screening questions. <br>Material and methods: Two hundred and ten adolescents living in the county of Bergen, Norway, were offered an ...
    • Light-curing units used in dentistry: factors associated with heat development – potential risk for patients 

      Mouhat, Mathieu; Mercer, James; Stangvaltaite, Lina; Ørtengren, Ulf Thore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-10-01)
      Objectives:<br>To investigate how heat development in the pulp chamber and coronal surface of natural teeth with and without cusps subjected to irradiance using light-emitting diode (LED)–light-curing units (LCUs) is associated with (i) irradiance, (ii) time, (iii) distance, and (iv) radiant exposure.<br> Materials and methods:<br>Three different LED-LCUs were used. Their irradiance was measured ...
    • Capping carious exposures in adults: a randomized controlled trial investigating mineral trioxide aggregate versus calcium hydroxide 

      Kundzina, Rita; Stangvaltaite, Lina; Eriksen, Harald; Kerosuo, Eero N (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-28)
      Aim:<br> The aim of this multicentre, parallel-group randomized clinical trial was to compare the effectiveness of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and a conventional calcium hydroxide liner (CH) as direct pulp capping materials in adult molars with carious pulpal exposure.<br> Methodology:<br> Seventy adults aged 18–55 years were randomly allocated to two parallel arms: MTA (White ProRoot, ...
    • Methods and background characteristics of the TOHNN study: a population-based study of oral health conditions in northern Norway 

      Holde, Gro Eirin; Oscarson, Nils; Tillberg, Anders; Marstrander, Peter; Jönsson, Birgitta (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-02-19)
      <b>Objectives.</b> The aim of the Tromstannen Oral Health in Northern Norway (TOHNN) study was to investigate oral health and dental-related diseases in an adult population. This article provides an overview of the background of the study and a description of the sample characteristics and methods employed in data collection.<br> <b>Study design. </b>Cross-sectional population-based study ...
    • Diversity and anti-fungal susceptibility of Norwegian Candida glabrata clinical isolates 

      Andersen, Kari-Mette; Kristoffersen, Anne Karin; Ingebretsen, André; Vikholt, Katharina Johnsen; Olsen, Ingar; Enersen, Morten; Gaustad, Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-02-08)
      BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of immunocompromised patients have resulted in greater incidence of invasive fungal infections with high mortality. Candida albicans infections dominate, but during the last decade, Candida glabrata has become the second highest cause of candidemia in the United States and Northern Europe. Reliable and early diagnosis, together with appropriate choice of antifungal ...
    • Development and validation of an instrument to assess oral health literacy in Norwegian adult dental patients 

      Stein, Linda Maria; Pettersen, Kjell Sverre; Bergdahl, Maud; Bergdahl, Jan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-02-05)
      Objective: To develop and validate an interview instrument to assess oral health literacy in Norwegian adult dental patients. <p/>Materials and methods: The instrument, Adult Health Literacy Instrument for Dentistry (AHLID), was based on an OECD instrument used to assess general literacy in adults. 130 Norwegian adults (mean age 48 years; 57% women) participated. AHLID included a selection of ...
    • Fracture resistance of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing-generated composite resin-based molar crowns 

      Harada, A; Nakamura, Keisuke; Kanno, Taro; Inagaki, R.; Ørtengren, Ulf Thore; Niwano, Y.; Sasaki, Keiichi; Egusa, Hiroshi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-02-16)
      The aim of this study was to investigate whether different fabrication processes, such as the computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) system or the manual build-up technique, affect the fracture resistance of composite resin-based crowns. Lava Ultimate (LU), Estenia C&B (EC&B), and lithium disilicate glass-ceramic IPS e.max press (EMP) were used. Four types of molar crowns were ...
    • Open access publishing is a logical evolutionary extension of evidence-based medicine 

      Jokstad, Asbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2016-01-08)
    • The wonderful aspects of Open Access publishing - and the unfortunate dark side. 

      Jokstad, Asbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2015-03-10)
    • Secondary caries and microleakage 

      Jokstad, Asbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-09-28)
      Objectives: To critically appraise experimental ex vivo research that has focused on secondary caries, and to offer possible explanations for the seemingly poor correlation to clinical observations. <p>Methods: The literature relating to the etiopathogenesis or prevention of secondary caries gained from experimental ex vivo research was reviewed, with particular emphasis on microleakage and ...
    • Comparing caries risk profiles between 5- and 10- year-old children with cleft lip and/or palate and non-cleft controls 

      Sundell, Anna Lena; Ullbro, Arne Christer; Marcusson, Agneta; Twetman, Svante (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-07-25)
      Background: Previous studies have suggested that children with oral clefts may have higher caries prevalence in comparison with non-cleft controls but the relative importance of the potential risk factors is not clear. The aim of this study was to compare the caries risk profiles in a group of cleft lip and/or palate (CL(P)) children with non-cleft controls in the same age using a computerized ...
    • Fracture resistance of monolithic zirconia molar crowns with reduced thickness 

      Nakamura, Keisuke; Harada, A.; Inagaki, R.; Kanno, Taro; Niwano, Y.; Milleding, Percy; Ørtengren, Ulf Thore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-01-30)
      Objectives. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the relationship between fracture load of monolithic zirconia crowns and axial/occlusal thickness, and to evaluate the fracture resistance of monolithic zirconia crowns with reduced thickness in comparison with that of monolithic lithium disilicate crowns with regular thickness. Materials and methods. Monolithic zirconia crowns (Lava ...
    • Dental anxiety: A comparison of students of dentistry, biology and psychology 

      Storjord, Helene; Teodorsen, Mari; Bergdahl, Jan; Wynn, Rolf; Johnsen, Jan-Are Kolset (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-09-23)
      Dental anxiety is an important challenge for many patients and clinicians. It is thus of importance to know more about dental students’ own experiences with dental anxiety and their understanding of dental anxiety. The aim was to investigate differences in dental anxiety levels between dental students, psychology students, and biology students at a Norwegian university.
    • Heavy consumption of dental services; a longitudinal cohort study among Finnish adults 

      Nihtilä, Annamari; Widström, Eeva; Elonheimo, Outi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background: A reform to Dental Care legislation in 2002 abolished age limits restricting adults’ use of public dental services in Finland. In the Public Dental Service (PDS) unit of Espoo, the proportion of adult patients rose from 36% to 57%. The aim of this study was to investigate heavy use of dental services by adults and its determinants. Methods: A longitudinal cohort study was undertaken ...
    • Nuclear Legumain Activity in Colorectal Cancer 

      Haugen, Mads Haugland; Johansen, Harald Thidemann; Pettersen, Solveig; Solberg, Rigmor; Brix, Klaudia; Flatmark, Kjersti; Mælandsmo, Gunhild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The cysteine protease legumain is involved in several biological and pathological processes, and the protease has been found over-expressed and associated with an invasive and metastatic phenotype in a number of solid tumors. Consequently, legumain has been proposed as a prognostic marker for certain cancers, and a potential therapeutic target. Nevertheless, details on how legumain advances ...
    • Language of motivation and emotion in an internet support group for smoking cessation: Explorative use of automated content analysis to measure regulatory focus 

      Johnsen, Jan-Are Kolset; Vambheim, Sara Magelssen; Wynn, Rolf; Wangberg, Silje C (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The present study describes a novel approach to the identification of the motivational processes in text data extracted from an Internet support group (ISG) for smoking cessation. Based on the previous findings that a “prevention” focus might be more relevant for maintaining behavior change, it was hypothesized that 1) language use (ie, the use of emotional words) signaling a “promotion” focus would ...