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  • The association between childhood fractures and adolescence bone outcomes: a population-based study, the Tromsø Study, Fit Futures 

    Christoffersen, Tore; Emaus, Nina; Dennison, Elaine; Furberg, Anne-Sofie; Gracia-Marco, Luis; Grimnes, Guri; Nilsen, Ole-Andreas; Vlachopoulos, Dimitris; Winther, Anne; Ahmed, Luai A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-16)
    <p><i>SUMMARY</i>: Childhood fracture may predict persistent skeletal fragility, but it may also reflect high physical activity which is beneficial to bone development. We observe a difference in the relationship between previous fracture and bone outcome across physical activity level and sex. Further elaboration on this variation is needed.</p> <p><i>PURPOSE</i>: Childhood fracture may be an ...
  • "Trapped in an Empty Waiting Room" - The Existential Human Core of Loneliness in Old Age: A Meta-Synthesis 

    Kitzmüller, Gabriele; Clancy, Anne; Vaismoradi, Mojtaba; Wegener, Charlotte; Bondas, Terese (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-13)
    Loneliness in old age has a negative influence on quality of life, health and survival. To understand the phenomenon of loneliness in old age, the voices of lonely older adults should be heard. Therefore, the purpose of this meta-synthesis was to synthesize scientific studies of older adults’ experiences of loneliness. Eleven qualitative articles that met the inclusion criteria were analyzed and ...
  • Under the Same Sky: Connecting Students and Cultures through Circumpolar Nursing Education 

    Norbye, Bente; Butler, Lorna; Exner-Pirot, Heather (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-21)
    The recruitment and retention of health professionals in rural, remote, and northern regions is an ongoing challenge. The Northern Nursing Education Network brought together nursing students working in rural and remote regions of the circumpolar north in Innovative Learning Institute on Circumpolar Health (ILICH) events to create opportunities for shared learning and expose both students and faculty ...
  • Low Serum Levels of 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Predict Hip Fracture in the Elderly: A NOREPOS Study 

    Holvik, Kristin; Ahmed, Luai Awad; Forsmo, Siri; Gjesdal, Clara Gram; Grimnes, Guri; Samuelsen, Sven Ove; Schei, Berit; Blomhoff, Rune; Tell, Grethe S; Meyer, Haakon E (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-08-01)
    <p><i>Background</i>: Despite considerable interest, the relationship between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D and the risk of hip fracture is not fully established.</p> <p><i>Objective</i>: The objective of the study was to study the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations [s-25(OH)D] and the risk of hip fracture in Norway, a high-latitude country that has some of the highest ...
  • Osteoporosis and osteopenia in the distal forearm predicts all-cause mortality independent of grip strength: 22-year follow-up in the population-based Tromsø Study 

    Hauger, Annette Vogt; Bergland, Astrid; Holvik, Kristin; Ståhle, Agneta; Emaus, Nina; Strand, Bjørn Heine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Manuskript, 2018-08-09)
    <p><i>Introduction:</i> To investigate if bone mineral density (BMD) levels of the distal forearm, consistent with osteopenia and osteoporosis, can predict mortality and if grip strength is an effect modifier.<p> <p><i> Methods:</i> The study population constituted 6565 participants aged 50–79 years at baseline in the Tromsø Study wave 4 conducted in 1994–1995. Forearm BMD measured by SXA was ...
  • Psychometric validation of the Carers of Older People in Europe Index among family caregivers of older persons with dementia 

    Moholt, Jill-Marit; Friborg, Oddgeir; Skaalvik, Mari Wolff; Henriksen, Nils Oddbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-16)
    Objectives:<br> The Carers of Older People in Europe Index is a first-stage assessment tool to detect family caregivers in need of support. This instrument assesses caregivers’ subjective perceptions of their caregiving circumstances. The present study examines the psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the Carers of Older People in Europe Index among family caregivers for older persons ...
  • A new graphical format to communicate treatment effects to patients—A web-based randomized controlled trial 

    Kasper, Jürgen; van de Roemer, Adrian; Pöttgen, Jana; Rahn, Anne; Backhus, Imke; Bay, Yasemin; Köpke, Sascha; Heesen, Christoph (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-07-17)
    <p><i>Objective</i>: Patients making treatment decisions require understandable evidence‐based information. However, evidence on graphical presentation of benefits and side‐effects of medical treatments is not conclusive. The study evaluated a new space‐saving format, CLARIFIG (clarifying risk figures), aiming to facilitate accuracy of comprehension.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: CLARIFIG displays ...
  • Variations in physiotherapy practices across reablement settings 

    Eliassen, Marianne; Moe, Siri; Henriksen, Nils Oddbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-06)
    <i>Background</i>: Reablement aims to improve the self-dependence of people with or at risk of functional decline. Physiotherapists (PTs) are responsible for assessments, developing interventions and supervising home trainers (HTs), who mostly conduct the reablement training. The content of reablement practice is not clearly described. This study explores how physiotherapy practice is performed in ...
  • The struggle against perceived negligence. A qualitative study of patients’ experiences of adverse events in Norwegian hospitals 

    Hågensen, Gunn; Nilsen, Gudrun; Mehus, Grete; Henriksen, Nils Oddbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-25)
    <p><i>Background</i>: Every year, 14 % of patients in Norwegian hospitals experience adverse events, which often have health-damaging consequences. The government, hospital management and health personnel attempt to minimize such events. Limited research on the first-hand experience of the patients affected is available. The aim of this study is to present patients’ perspectives of the occurrence ...
  • Changes and tracking of bone mineral density in late adolescence: the Tromsø Study, Fit Futures 

    Nilsen, Ole-Andreas; Ahmed, Luai A.; Winther, Anne; Christoffersen, Tore; Furberg, Anne-Sofie; Grimnes, Guri; Dennison, Elaine; Emaus, Nina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-08)
    <p><i>Summary</i>: Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) predicts future fracture risk. This study explores the development of aBMD and associated factors in Norwegian adolescents. Our results indicate a high degree of tracking of aBMD levels in adolescence. Anthropometric measures and lifestyle factors were associated with deviation from tracking.</p> <p><i>Purpose</i>: Norway has one of the highest ...
  • 'When the saints go marching in': constructions of senior volunteering in Norwegian government white papers, and in Norwegian senior volunteers’ and health-care professionals’ stories 

    Blix, Bodil Hansen; Hamran, Torunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-02-27)
    This study explores policy makers’, health-care professionals’ and senior volunteers’ perceptions of senior volunteers. Two Norwegian government white papers regarding older adult care and welfare services, which were published over a period of 19 years, were selected for close examination. Furthermore, focus group interviews with a purposeful sample of five senior volunteers and 15 health-care ...
  • Disaster Nursing: Looking to the future in Norway 

    Holdø, Gunn-Mari; Miles, Lee; Hartwell, Heather (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-09-30)
    Health resilience is an integral part of disaster management and lies at the nexus between this and public health considerations. As the largest group of professionals worldwide, nurses face continual challenges in further developing their competences in disaster response and recovery. This paper investigates the trajectory, role and future expectations of the Norwegian nursing profession in health ...
  • The Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients: translation into Norwegian, cultural adaptation, and examination of reliability 

    Breistein, Karen; Gjelsvik, Bente E Bassøe; Jørgensen, Lone (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-06)
    Background: To translate the Modified Swedish version of Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke (SwePASS) into Norwegian (SwePASS-NV) and assess its intra- and interrater reliability. <br> <br> Methods: Translation and cross-cultural adaptation was accomplished according to international guidelines. Forty-seven adults, suffering a stroke within the last six months, were strategically recruited and ...
  • Training doctors briefly and in situ to involve their patients in making medical decisions—Preliminary testing of a newly developed module 

    Kasper, Jürgen; Liethmann, Katrin; Heesen, Christoph; Reissmann, Daniel R; Geiger, Friedemann (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-05-18)
    <p><b>Objective</b>: To carry out preliminary evaluation of a training module for doctors to enhance their ability to involve their patients in medical decision making. The training refers to the shared decision-making (SDM) communication concept.</p> <p><b>Methods</b>: The training module includes a comprehensive manual, a corresponding video tutorial with communication examples and a 15-minute ...
  • Michael på Stonewall Inn, Greenwich Village 

    Sørly, Rita (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2017-09-01)
  • Brukermedvirkning i demensomsorgen. En oppsummering av kunnskap. 

    Sørly, Rita (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2017)
    This publication is based on a review of the research literature and the grey literature on the topic user involvement in dementia care in, or relevant to, Norwegian conditions. No distinction between user involvement in dementia care involving home services and dementia care in nursing homes has been made. Users are defined as adults who receive dementia care services, or people who are affected ...
  • Kjøp Virkelig! 

    Klausen, Rita Kristin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2016-12-16)
  • ICU nurses and physicians dialogue regarding patients clinical status and care options : a focus group study 

    Kvande, Monica; Lykkeslet, Else; Storli, Sissel Lisa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-05)
    Nurses and physicians work side-by-side in the intensive care unit (ICU). Effective exchanges of patient information are essential to safe patient care in the ICU. Nurses often rate nursephysician communication lower than physicians and report that it is difficult to speak up, that disagreements are not resolved and that their input is not well received.<p> <p>Therefore, this study explored ...
  • Oversettelse og psykometrisk testing av The Family Collaboration Scale 

    Moholt, Jill-Marit; Hanssen, Tove Aminda (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-09-15)
    Bakgrunn: <br>Instrumentet The Family Collaboration Scale (FCS) er utviklet for å undersøke pårørendes opplevelser rundt samarbeid med pleiepersonalet når svekkete eldre er akutt innlagt i sykehus. <br>Hensikt: <br>Studiens hensikt var å oversette FCS fra dansk til norsk. Vi ønsket også å teste de måletekniske egenskapene til den oversatte versjonen på et utvalg pårørende til svekkete eldre ...
  • Outcomes of care at "Føderiket- Midwifery-Unit" 2007-2011: a freestanding midwifery-led-unit in Oslo, Norway 

    Voldner, Nanna; Huitfeldt, Anette; Blix, Ellen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-08-28)
    The aim of this study was to provide a description and evaluation of birth outcomes for women who started care at Føderiket Midwifery Unit (FMU), a freestanding midwifery unit in Oslo. FMU opened in 2007 as a five-year project. It was closed in 2011 for economic reasons, and the planned evaluations were never performed. Data from 495 women who started care at FMU were prospectively collected. ...

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