|dc.description.abstract||For years, small-scale fisheries were marginalized until this sector gained international
recognition after the FAO's voluntary guidelines for securing SSFs were endorsed in 2014.
Since then, there has been active research, especially in developing countries, to implement
Small-scale fisheries that are diverse, complex, and dynamic are challenging to govern and
require a transformed governance system to govern and implement the guidelines. This study
builds upon the interactive governance theory to look for gaps in both the system-to-be
governed and the governing system in Indian Fisheries. System- to- be- governed and the
governing system characteristics are analyzed on diversity, complexity, dynamic, and scale.
Thus, by this analysis, obstacles are identified in both the systems, which suggests reforms in
the Indian governing system to secure small-scale fisheries as per the goal of FAO voluntary
Overall, the study indicates that the Indian small-scale fisheries are difficult to be governed
and how strengthening the governance system in the Hierarchal mode can benefit SSFs in
Keywords: Small-scale Fisheries, FAO Voluntary Guidelines, Interactive Governance.||en_US