Neutral temperatures at 90 km altitude over Svalbard (78°N 16°E), 2002-2019, derived from meteor radar observations
Neutral air temperatures at 90 km altitude over Svalbard (78°N, 16°E) for the period 2002 to 2019 inclusive have been estimated from observations by the Nippon/Norway Svalbard Meteor Radar (NSMR). The data are presented per se and we shall not attempt to identify contributions from extra-terrestrial or anthropogenic driving. On the other hand, comparison with the corresponding period of solar UV flux notably fails to exhibit similarities. Moreover, there is indeed evidence of systematic temporal changes, possibly with a breakpoint around 2012. Selecting winter and summer months and years before and after 2012 and fitting trend-lines, we see strong evidence for cooling during summer. An apparent winter cooling prior to 2012 lacks statistical significance. A suggestion of reversal to winter warming after 2012 is also very uncertain. The summer cooling is found to be 9.9 ± 2.9 K decade−1 between 2002 and 2012, and 4.3 ± 1.2 K decade−1 between 2002 and 2019. Importantly, there is a suggestion (although lacking statistical significance) that summer cooling alleviated after 2012, and even reversed in winter.