Recent additions

  • Informasjon og sikkerhet i arktiske farvann 

    Knol-Kauffman, Maaike; Arbo, Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-02)
    Regjeringens nye nordområdemelding, som blir lagt fram til høsten, kommer like før FN går inn i sitt «havforskningstiår» (2021-2030). Selv om nordområdene handler om mer enn hav, er forvaltningen av de store havområdene nord for polarsirkelen et sentralt element. Arktis har i de seinere årene blitt et brennpunkt for kryssende strategier, interesser og verdier. Den globale oppvarmingen gjør at stadig ...
  • Anti-inflammatory effects of non-statin low-density lipoprotein cholesterol-lowering drugs: an unused potential? 

    Hovland, Anders; Retterstøl, Kjetil; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Halvorsen, Bente Evy; Aukrust, Pål; Lappegård, Knut Tore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-05)
    <i>Objectives</i>: Inflammatory responses are closely knit with low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol in driving atherosclerosis. Even if LDL-cholesterol is causative to atherosclerotic diseases and LDL-cholesterol lowering reduces hard clinical endpoints, there is a residual risk for clinical events, possibly driven by inflammatory processes, in accordance with its role in autoimmune ...
  • Commentary 3 to the manifesto for the marine social sciences: unfolding Blue Growth 

    Knol-Kauffman, Maaike; Arbo, Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-03)
    A marine social science manifesto is inherently an anticipatory exercise; it looks forward to the ocean and coastal challenges that societies are facing, with which marine social scientists are responsible to engage. The concept of Blue Growth that is mentioned in the manifesto (MMSS 1.1.3) and the related Blue Economy concept are also inherently anticipatory; they deal with a desired future for ...
  • Does a surgical helmet provide protection against aerosol transmitted disease? 

    Temmesfeld, Max; Jakobsen, Rune Bruhn; Grant, Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-23)
    <i>Background and purpose</i> - The COVID-19 pandemic caused by infection with SARS-CoV-2 has led to a global shortage of personal protective equipment (PPE). Various alternatives to ordinary PPE have been suggested to reduce transmission, which is primarily through droplets and aerosols. For many years orthopedic surgeons have been using surgical helmets as personal protection against blood-borne ...
  • Stem cell function is conserved during shortterm storage of cultured epidermal cell sheets at 12°C 

    Ringstad, Håkon; Reppe, Sjur; Schøyen, Tine Hiorth; Tønseth, Kim Alexander; Utheim, Tor Paaske; Jackson, Catherine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-20)
    Transplantation of cultured epidermal cell sheets (CES) can be life-saving for patients with large area burns. CES have also been successfully used to regenerate eye and urethral epithelia in animal models. Short-term storage aims to extend the transplantation window, offers flexibility in timing surgery and allows testing of CES quality, phenotype and sterility. This study investigated extended CES ...
  • Impacts of ontogenetic dietary shifts on the food-transmitted intestinal parasite communities of two lake salmonids 

    Prati, Sebastian; Henriksen, Eirik Haugstvedt; Knudsen, Rune; Amundsen, Per-Arne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-10)
    Ontogenetic dietary shifts are common in fish and often impact trophically transmitted parasite communities. How parasite species composition and relative abundances change among size classes, and at what rate these changes occur, is rarely examined. Hosts with a broad trophic niche are potentially exposed to a large variety of parasite species. The degree of ontogenetic changes in parasite species ...
  • Upper limb kinematics during the first year after stroke: the stroke arm longitudinal study at the University of Gothenburg (SALGOT) 

    Thrane, Gyrd; Sunnerhagen, Katharina Stibrant; Murphy, Margit Alt (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-15)
    <i>Background</i> - Reduction of compensation and improved movement quality indicate recovery after stroke. Since clinical measures alone are often inadequate to distinguish between behavioral recovery and compensation, kinematic analysis of functional tasks has been recommended.<p><p> <i>Objective</i> - To quantify longitudinal changes and residual deficits in movement performance and quality ...
  • A phenomenological–hermeneutic study exploring caring responsibility for a chronically ill, older parent with frailty 

    Andersen, Helle; Hoeck, Bente; Nielsen, Dorthe; Ryg, Jesper; Delmar, Charlotte (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-05)
    <i>Aim</i> - To provide lifeworld insights into experiences of adult children with caring responsibility for an 80+‐year‐old chronically ill parent with frailty.<p><p> <i>Background</i> - Informal care is common in Nordic welfare countries; however, little is known about adult children's experience of caring responsibility in this setting.<p><p> <i>Design</i> - A phenomenological–hermeneutic ...
  • User-centred Design of a Mobile Application for Chronic Pain Management 

    Smaradottir, Berglind; Fagerlund, Asbjørn Johansen; Bellika, Johan Gustav (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    Chronic pain patients constitute a large and heterogeneous patient group and it is important to build tools and methods that can identify efficient treatment options for each individual patient. It is estimated that 20-30% of the population has suffered from chronic pain and this imposes enormous costs on society and the national welfare programs. The research project Chronic Pain addresses the ...
  • Comparable increases in dural sac area after three different posterior decompression techniques for lumbar spinal stenosis: radiological results from a randomized controlled trial in the NORDSTEN study 

    Hermansen, Erland; Austevoll, Ivar Magne; Hellum, Christian; Storheim, Kjersti; Myklebust, Tor Åge; Aaen, Jørn Ståle; Banitalebi, Hasan; Anvar, Masoud D; Rekeland, Frode; Brox, Jens Ivar; Franssen, Eric; Weber, Clemens; Solberg, Tore; Haug, Knut Jørgen; Grundnes, Oliver; Brisby, Helena; Indrekvam, Kari (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-18)
    <i>Purpose</i> - To investigate changes in dural sac area after three different posterior decompression techniques in patients undergoing surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis.<p><p> <i>Summary of background data</i> - Decompression of the nerve roots is the main surgical treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis. The aim of this study was to radiologically investigate three commonly used posterior ...
  • The Multivariate Normal Inverse Gaussian distribution: EM-estimation and analysis of synthetic aperture sonar data 

    Øigård, Tor Arne; Hanssen, Alfred; Hansen, Roy Edgar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2004-09)
    The heavy-tailed Multivariate Normal Inverse Gaussian (MNIG) distribution is a recent variance-mean mixture of a multivariate Gaussian with a univariate inverse Gaussian distribution. Due to the complexity of the likelihood function, parameter estimation by direct maximization is exceedingly difficult. To overcome this problem, we propose a fast and accurate multivariate ExpectationMaximization (EM) ...
  • Circulating levels and prognostic value of soluble ST2 in heart failure are less influenced by age than N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and high-sensitivity troponin T 

    Aimo, Alberto; Januzzi, James L.; Vergaro, Giuseppe; Richards, A. Mark; Lam, Carolyn S.P.; Latini, Roberto; Anand, Inder S.; Cohn, Jay N.; Ueland, Thor; Gullestad, Lars; Aukrust, Pål; Brunner-La Rocca, Hans-Peter; Bayes-Genis, Antoni; Lupón, Josep; de Boer, Rudolf A.; Takeishi, Yasuchika; Egstrup, Michael; Gustafsson, Ida; Gaggin, Hanna K.; Eggers, Kai M.; Huber, Kurt; Gamble, Greg D.; Ling, Lieng H.; Leong, Kui Tong Gerard; Yeo, Poh Shuah Daniel; Ong, Hean Yee; Jaufeerally, Fazlur; Ng, Tze P.; Troughton, Richard; Doughty, Robert N.; Passino, Claudio; Emdin, Michele (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-09)
    <i>Aims</i> - N‐terminal pro‐B‐type natriuretic peptide (NT‐proBNP), high‐sensitivity troponin T (hs‐TnT) and soluble suppression of tumorigenesis‐2 (sST2) predict outcome in chronic heart failure (HF). We assessed the influence of age on circulating levels and prognostic significance of these biomarkers.<p> <p><i>Methods and results</i> - Individual data from 5301 patients with chronic HF and ...
  • Biotransformation of chemically dispersed diesel at sub-zero temperatures using artificial brines 

    Dang, Nga Phuong; Petrich, Chris; O'Sadnick, Megan; Toske, Lisa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2020-01-01)
    The biotransformation of hydrocarbon compounds in seawater at sub-zero temperature has gained research interest in recent years with the most focus placed on temperatures around 0°C. In this study, biotransformation of dispersed diesel at sub-zero temperatures (−2°C to −6°C) in artificial brines, prepared by adding Instant Ocean salt to natural seawater to increase salinity, is examined. The oil was ...
  • Your Parents' Wealth is more Important than their Education for Your Later Health and Wellbeing: Evidence from the Tromsø Study. 

    Sheikh, Mashhood Ahmed (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-09-23)
  • Benchmarking through Performance Indicators for Norwegian Academic Libraries 

    Landøy, Ane; Raade, Johanne; Bøhn, Harald (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015)
    How can leadership and strategic planning in academic libraries be based on statistical evidence - evidence based leadership? In this paper, the authors present how the National Library of Norway has led the way in developing indicators for the public and the academic libraries. These indicators may be used either longitudinally or for benchmarking within or between libraries. The authors will also ...
  • Numerical Investigation of the Required Quantity of Inert Gas Agents in Fire Suppression Systems 

    Hu, Xiaoqin; Kraaijeveld, Arjen; Log, Torgrim (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-16)
    Inert gas agents have the potential to be widely used in fire suppression systems due to health and safety concerns associated with active chemicals. To suppress fire while minimizing hypoxic effects in an occupied area, the discharge quantity of inert gas agents should be carefully designed to dilute the oxygen concentration to a specific threshold level. In this study, the general expressions ...
  • Bilingualism as a gradient measure modulates functional connectivity of language and control networks 

    Sulpizio, Simone; Del Maschio, Nicola; Del Mauro, Gianpaolo; Fedeli, Davide; Abutalebi, Jubin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-22)
    There is currently no agreement on which factor modulates most effectively and enduringly brain plasticity in bilingual individuals. Grouping heterogeneous linguistic profiles under a dichotomous condition (bilingualism versus monolingualism) may obscure critical aspects of language experience underlying neural changes, thus leading to variable and often conflicting findings. In the present study, ...
  • Comparable Increases in Dural Sac Area After Three Different Posterior Decompression Techniques for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: Radiological Results From a Randomized Controlled Trial in the NORDSTEN Study 

    Hermansen, Erland; Austevoll, Ivar Magne; Hellum, Christian; Storheim, Kjersti; Myklebust, Tor Åge; Aaen, Jørn Ståle; Banitalebi, Hasan; Anvar, Masoud; Rekeland, Frode; Brox, Jens Ivar; Franssen, Eric; Weber, Clemens; Solberg, Tore; Haug, Knut Jørgen; Grundnes, Oliver; Brisby, Helena; Indrekvam, Kari (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-18)
    <i>Purpose</i> - To investigate changes in dural sac area after three different posterior decompression techniques in patients undergoing surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis.<p><p> <i>Summary of background data</i> - Decompression of the nerve roots is the main surgical treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis. The aim of this study was to radiologically investigate three commonly used posterior ...
  • "Men det skjer ikke av seg sjøl likevel". Utvidet deltakerundersøkelse av det skolebaserte kompetanseutviklingsprogrammet SkoleVFL 1.0. Sluttrapport. 

    Lund, Øystein (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2019-02-27)
    Denne utvidede brukerundersøkelsen av programmet SkoleVFL har vært gjennomført av senteret Result ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet ved førsteamanuensis Øystein Lund i samarbeid med førsteamanuensis Anne Mette Bjørgen ved Høgskolen i innlandet, på oppdrag fra Utdanningsdirektoratet. Sluttrapport basert på utvidet deltakerundersøkelse av SkoleVFL 1.0 har vært rettet mot tre ulike aspekter: 1- Den ...
  • Forkalkninger i hjerteklaffer hos atlantisk laks (Salmo salar) 

    Erkinharju, Toni; Bornø, Geir; Furnesvik, Lisa; Hansen, Miroslava (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2019)

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