Now showing items 1-20 of 1101

    • The 1st Agriculture-Vision Challenge: Methods and Results 

      Chiu, Mang Tik; Xingqiang, Xu; Wang, Kai; Hobbs, Jennifer; Hovakimyan, Naira; Huang, Thomas S.; Shi, Honghui; Wei, Yunchao; Huang, Zilong; Schwing, Alexander; Brunner, Robert; Dozier, Ivan; Dozier, Wyatt; Ghandilyan, Karen; Wilson, David; Park, Hyunseong; Kim, Junhee; Kim, Sungho; Liu, Qinghui; Kampffmeyer, Michael; Jenssen, Robert; Salberg, Arnt Børre; Barbosa, Alexandre; Trevisan, Rodrigo; Zhao, Bingchen; Yu, Shaozuo; Yang, Siwei; Wang, Yin; Sheng, Hao; Chen, Xiao; Su, Jingyi; Rajagopal, Ram; Ng, Andrew; Huynh, Van Thong; Kim, Soo-Hyung; Na, In-Seop; Baid, Ujjwal; Innani, Shubham; Dutande, Prasad; Baheti, Bhakti; Talbar, Sanjay; Tang, Jianyu (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020-07-28)
      The first Agriculture-Vision Challenge aims to encourage research in developing novel and effective algorithms for agricultural pattern recognition from aerial images, especially for the semantic segmentation task associated with our challenge dataset. Around 57 participating teams from various countries compete to achieve state-of-the-art in aerial agriculture semantic segmentation. The Agriculture-Vision ...
    • A 24,000-year ancient DNA and pollen record from the Polar Urals reveals temporal dynamics of arctic and boreal plant communities 

      Clarke, Charlotte L.; Alsos, Inger Greve; Edwards, Mary E.; Paus, Aage; Gielly, Ludovic; Haflidason, Haflidi; Mangerud, Jan; Regnéll, Carl; Hughes, Paul D.M.; Svendsen, John-Inge; Bjune, Anne Elisabeth (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-18)
      A 24,000-year record of plant community dynamics, based on pollen and ancient DNA from the sediments (<i>seda</i>DNA) of Lake Bolshoye Shchuchye in the Polar Ural Mountains, provides detailed information on the flora of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) and also changes in plant community composition and dominance. It greatly improves on incomplete records from short and fragmented stratigraphic sequences ...
    • 50 år med kognitiv psykologi 

      Låg, Torstein (Working paper; Arbeidsnotat, 2006-09)
      Kognitiv psykologi er vanligvis kjent som den delen av psykologien hvor man er opptatt av prosesser som hukommelse, oppmerksomhet, persepsjon, problemløsning og språk – de "tørre" temaene i psykologien. Denne utbredte oppfatningen av feltet er imidlertid ikke helt dekkende. Den kognitive psykologien er ikke nødvendigvis definert ut fra hvilke temaer dens utøvere typisk studerer, men snarere ut ...
    • The 7th Annual Munin Conference on Scientific Publishing : New Trends 

      Skåden, Emma Margret (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2012)
      Universitetsbiblioteket i Tromsø arrangerer hvert år en Muninkonferanse som omhandler vitenskapelig publisering, ofte med en Open Access vri. Årets tema var “new trends in scholarly publishing”. Årets hovedinnledere var John Willinsky og Damian Pattinson. John Willinsky er professor ved Stanford University School of Education, og har lenge vært sentral i utviklingen av åpent tilgjengelig vitenskapelig ...
    • The 9+ screening test score does not predict injuries in elite floorball players 

      Tervo, Taru; Ermling, Jenny; Nordström, Anna Hava; Toss, Fredrik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-05)
      We aimed to examine whether the 9+ screening test score could predict injuries in elite floorball players. Eighty‐four elite floorball players participated in the study. At baseline, two physiotherapists assessed the participants using the 9+ screening test. The test score reflects strength, stability, mobility, and functional movement pattern with an emphasis on the lower body and core. Injuries ...
    • A.E. Nordenskiöld in Swedish memory: the origin and uses of Arctic heroism 

      Wråkberg, Urban (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-01)
      For Nordic nations scientific activities in the Polar Regions proved significant in defining national identities and shaping scientific profiles. Starting in the nineteenth century and continuing throughout the next century, polar research proved instrumental in inculcating national honour and expressing small-state colonial aspirations. It provided a source of heroes for forging collective memory ...
    • Abnormal phasic activity in saliency network, motor areas, and basal ganglia in Parkinson's disease during rhythm perception 

      Vikene, Kjetil; Skeie, Geir Olve; Specht, Karsten (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-29)
      Behavioral studies indicate that persons with Parkinson's disease have complexity dependent problems with the discrimination of auditory rhythms. Furthermore, neuroimaging studies show that rhythm processing activates many brain areas that overlap with areas affected by Parkinson's disease (PD). This study sought to investigate the neural correlates of rhythm processing in PD and healthy controls, ...
    • Abrupt shifts of productivity and sea ice regimes at the western Barents Sea slope from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Bølling-Allerød interstadial 

      Köseoğlu, Denizcan; Belt, Simon T.; Knies, Jochen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-12)
      Advanced knowledge of spatio-temporal constraints on the Barents Sea Ice Sheet during the late Weichselian glaciation overshadows relatively limited understanding of seasonal sea ice (experiencing an annual advance-retreat cycle) and primary productivity trends accompanying massive, abrupt climate changes during glacial-deglacial cycles. Such paleo-reconstructions are crucial prerequisites for ...
    • Academic integrity and the University Library’s role in the doctoral education. 

      Østvand, Lene; Andreassen, Helene N. (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2017-04-10)
      Researchers meet an increasing amount of incentives that may lead to scientific misconduct (Edwards & Roy, 2017). A “publish or perish” culture is currently ruling, and quantity is emphasized over quality. Growth in the number of PhD students may lead to growth in competition for grants, future positions and the supervisors’ time. <p>Simultaneously, the PhD students are expected to follow the norms ...
    • Acoustic scattering layers reveal a faunal connection across the Fram Strait 

      Gjøsæter, Harald; Ingvaldsen, Randi Brunvær; Christiansen, Jørgen Schou (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-15)
      Acoustic scattering layers (SL) at various depths are common phenomena in most oceans, but the organisms that make up these layers vary and so does their density, and hence the backscattered energy. During two crossings of the deep Fram Strait between the shelves at Svalbard and Northeast Greenland at latitudes 77°N and 79°N, we registered epipelagic and mesopelagic SL across the entire Fram Strait ...
    • Acquisition du schwa en français (suisse): pourquoi une combinaison de méthodes, est-elle nécessaire pour assurer des données fiables? 

      Andreassen, Helene N. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-11)
      Malgré de très nombreux travaux sur le schwa, nous connaissons toujours peu son comportement lors de l’acquisition du langage. Cela pourrait être dû en partie à la manière de collecter des données fiables. Dans ce travail, nous poursuivons la discussion entamée dans Andreassen (2013), première étude détaillée sur le sujet. A la lumière de données de corpus suisses romandes, adultes et enfantines, ...
    • Acritarchs from the Duolbagáisá Formation (Cambrian Series 2-Miaolingian) on the Digermulen Peninsula, Finnmark, Arctic Norway: towards a high-resolution Cambrian chronostratigraphy 

      Palacios, Teodoro; Högström, Anette; Ebbestad, Jan Ove R.; Agić, Heda; Høyberget, Magne; Jensen, Sören; Meinhold, Guido; Taylor, Wendy L. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-24)
      New information on acritarchs from the Duolbagáisá Formation, Digermulen Peninsula, Arctic Norway, enable recognition of the three Cambrian Series 2 acritarch-based zones: the <i>Skiagia ornata–Fimbriaglomerella membranacea, Heliosphaeridium dissimilare–Skiagia ciliosa and Volkovia dentifera–Liepaina plana</i> Assemblage zones. Acritarchs of the <i>Skiagia ornata–Fimbriaglomerella membranacea</i> ...
    • Activity patterns of the soprano pipistrelle Pipistrellus pygmaeus throughout the year in southern Norway 

      Frafjord, Karl (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-09)
      <i>Background</i> - Most temperate bats are regular hibernators in the winter. Knowledge about the length of their active season and how they adjust their nightly activity throughout the season, is critical to conservation. The characteristics of these are likely to vary with climate as well as latitude. This study investigated the flight activity of the soprano pipistrelle <i>Pipistrellus pygmaeus</i> ...
    • Activity Profiles by Position in Youth Elite Soccer Players in Official Matches 

      Pettersen, Svein Arne; Brenn, Tormod (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-28)
      <p>In order to investigate activity profiles and external load patterns in elite youth soccer players, we studied high-intensity activity patterns, maximum running speed, and temporary and end-of-match decline in external load in 54 U17 players (96 match observations) over a full season of official match play. <p>Wide midfielders covered most high-intensity running (HIR) distance (1044.2 m), most ...
    • Acupuncture as a Treatment Within Integrative Health for Palliative Care: A Brief Narrative Review of Evidence and Recommendations 

      Birch, Stephen; Bovey, Mark; Alraek, Terje; Robinson, Nicola; Kim, Tae-Hun; Lee, Myeong Soo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-18)
      Background: Acupuncture is one of the fastest developing evidence bases in Complementary Medicine and is one of the leading therapies included within integrative health care. This narrative review includes two separate parts: the first is about evaluation of the current evidence status in reviews on acupuncture and the second examines and gives examples of available recommendations on acupuncture ...
    • Adherence to antihypertensive medication in Russia: A scoping review of studies on levels, determinants and intervention strategies published between 2000 and 2017 

      Bochkareva, Elena Viktorovna; Butina, Ekaterina Kronidovna; Kim, Irina Vitalievna; Kontsevaya, Anna Vasilievna; Drapkina, Oxana Mikhailovna; Leon, David Adrew; McKee, Martin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-25)
      <p><i>Background - </i>Arterial hypertension (HT) is common in the Russian adult population, with half of affected individuals inadequately controlled. Low adherence to medication seems likely to be a factor. We report a scoping review of studies on adherence to antihypertensive therapy (AHT) in Russia to determine the extent of research undertaken, the frequency of adherence among adults diagnosed ...
    • Adiposity Without Obesity: Associations with Osteoporosis, Sarcopenia, and Falls in the Healthy Ageing Initiative Cohort Study 

      Scott, David; Johansson, Jonas; Ebeling, Peter R.; Nordström, Peter; Nordström, Anna Hava (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-23)
      Objective - Obesity is commonly defined by BMI rather than adiposity, which may have differential effects on musculoskeletal health. Musculoskeletal outcomes were compared in older adults with normal adiposity and normal BMI (NA‐NBMI), those with high adiposity but normal BMI (HA‐NBMI), and those with high adiposity and high BMI (HA‐HBMI).<p> <p>Methods - In 3,411 70‐year‐olds, obesity was defined ...
    • Afro-alpine flagships revisited: Parallel adaptation, intermountain admixture and shallow genetic structuring in the giant senecios (Dendrosenecio) 

      Tusiime, Felly Mugizi; Gizaw, Abel; Gussarova, Galina; Nemomissa, Sileshi; Popp, Magnus; Masao, Catherine Aloyce; Wondimu, Tigist; Abdi, Ahmed Abdikadir; Mirré, Virginia; Muwanika, Vincent; Eilu, Gerald; Brochmann, Christian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-18)
      Distantly related lineages of the enigmatic giant rosette plants of tropical alpine environments provide classical examples of convergent adaptation. For the giant senecios (<i>Dendrosenecio</i>), the endemic landmarks of the East African sky islands, it has also been suggested that parallel adaptation has been important for within-lineage differentiation. To test this hypothesis and to address ...
    • Afro-alpine flagships revisited: Parallel adaptation, intermountain admixture and shallow genetic structuring in the giant senecios (Dendrosenecio) 

      Tusiime, Felly Mugizi; Gizaw, Abel; Gussarova, Galina; Nemomissa, Sileshi; Popp, Magnus; Masao, Catherine Aloyce; Wondimu, Tigist; Abdi, Ahmed Abdikhadir; Mirre, Virginia; Muwanika, Vincent; Eilu, Gerald; Brochmann, Christian; Kiflemichael, Tigist Wondimu (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-18)
      Distantly related lineages of the enigmatic giant rosette plants of tropical alpine environments provide classical examples of convergent adaptation. For the giant senecios (Dendrosenecio), the endemic landmarks of the East African sky islands, it has also been suggested that parallel adaptation has been important for within-lineage differentiation. To test this hypothesis and to address potential ...