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  • The patterns and burden of multimorbidity in geriatric patients with prolonged use of addictive medications 

    Cheng, Socheat; Siddiqui, Tahreem Ghazal; Gossop, Michael; Wyller, Torgeir Bruun; Kristoffersen, Espen Saxhaug; Lundqvist, Anders Christofer (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-18)
    <i>Background</i> - Multimorbidity and prolonged use of addictive medications are prevalent among older patients, and known to increase the risk of adverse drug events. Yet, the relationship between these two entities has remained understudied.<br><br> <i>Aims</i> - This study explored the association between multimorbidity burden and prolonged use of addictive medications in geriatric patients, ...
  • Stakeholder perceptions towards sustainable shrimp aquaculture in Vietnam 

    Xuan, Bui Bich; Sandorf, Erlend Dancke; Ngoc, Quach Thi Khanh (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-23)
    Aquaculture is the fastest growing food production industry globally and is considered to have the greatest potential to meet the growing demand for seafood and being a solution to overfishing. Despite the benefits of aquaculture, the rapid growth and intensification of production (so-called conventional aquaculture) has raised concerns about food safety, fish welfare, and environmental and social ...
  • Low BMI, but not high BMI, influences the timing of puberty in boys 

    Oehme, Ninnie Helen Bakken; Roelants, Mathieu; Bruserud, Ingvild Særvold; Madsen, Andre; Bjerknes, Robert; Rosendahl, Karen; Juliusson, Pétur Benedikt (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-05)
    Background - Previous studies investigating the association between weight status and onset of puberty in boys have been equivocal. It is currently unclear to what extent weight class influences puberty onset and progression.<p> <p>Objectives - To explore the relationship between degree of sexual maturation and anthropometric measures in Norwegian boys.<p> <p>Methods - The following endpoints ...
  • How do multimorbidity and lifestyle factors impact the perceived health of adults with intellectual disabilities? 

    Olsen, Monica Isabel Benedikte; Halvorsen, Marianne; Søndenaa, Erik; Langballe, Ellen Melbye; Bautz-Holter, Erik; Stensland, Eva; Tessem, Silje Marie; Anke, Audny (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-11)
    Background: Adults with intellectual disability (ID) have poorer physical and perceived health than the general population. Knowledge of perceived health predictors is both limited and important for guiding the development of preventive actions. The aims of this study were to investigate (1) the associations between perceived health and demographics, degree of ID, physical health conditions, and ...
  • Physical performance and loading for six playing positions in elite female football: full‐game, end‐game, and peak periods 

    Panduro, Jeppe; Ermidis, Georgios; Røddik, Line; Vigh-Larsen, Jeppe F.; Larsen, Espen Elholm; Larsen, Malte Nejst; Pettersen, Svein Arne; Krustrup, Peter; Randers, Morten Bredsgaard (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-22)
    The present study investigated the position-specific match demands and heart rate response of female elite footballers, with special focus on the full-game, end-game, and peak-intensity periods. In total, 217 match observations were performed in 94 players from all eight teams of the best Danish Women's League, that is, goalkeepers (GK, n = 10), central defenders (CD, n = 23), full-backs (FB, n = ...
  • The legacy of the Haldde Observatory 

    Brekke, Asgeir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-14)
    A historical review of the establishment of the Haldde Observatory in Bossekop, Kaafjord, Finnmark, in northern Norway is presented together with some of the scientific outcomes of the efforts and the aftermath of this enterprise that led to the establishment of the University of Tromsø in 1968 and finally the inauguration of the Haldde Observatory as a historic site by the European Physical Society ...
  • First Evidence of the Toxin Domoic Acid in Antarctic Diatom Species 

    Olesen, Anna J.; Altenburger, Andreas; Beszteri, Bank (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-26)
    The Southern Ocean is one of the most productive ecosystems in the world. It is an area heavily dependent on marine primary production and serving as a feeding ground for numerous seabirds and marine mammals. Therefore, the phytoplankton composition and presence of toxic species are of crucial importance. Fifteen monoclonal strains of Pseudo-nitzschia subcurvata, a diatom species endemic to the ...
  • Soil microorganisms decrease barley biomass uniformly across contrasting nitrogen availability 

    Munkager, Victoria; Altenburger, Andreas; Priemé, Anders; Bang-Andreasen, Toke; Rønn, Regin; Vestergård, Mette; Ekelund, Flemming (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-30)
    <i>Aims</i> - Microorganisms play a dichotomous role in the soil nitrogen cycle through mineralization and immobilization. We aimed to understand how nitrogen availability modifies the effect of microorganisms on plant growth. We hypothesized that soil microorganisms would increase plant biomass following amendment with a substrate rich in organic nitrogen (net mineralization), be neutral when adding ...
  • Forbilder og danning i profesjonsutdanningene: Casestudie – Krigsskolen 

    Magnussen, Leif Inge; Torgersen, Glenn-Egil; Boe, Ole (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-08)
    This research paper investigates the meaning of role models in higher education. As a case, the Norwegian Military Academy (NMA), which educates military officers for the Norwegian army, is used. Particularly investigated is how role models can be seen as resources in the “learning landscape” surrounding the army officer cadets through their 3 years of learning and Bildung processes. Data used in ...
  • First encounters in the north: cultural diversity and gene flow in Early Mesolithic Scandinavia 

    Manninen, Mikael Antonio; Damlien, Hege; Kleppe, Jan Ingolf; Knutsson, Kjel Sten Åke; Murashkin, Anton; Niemi, Anja Roth; Rosenvinge, Carine Sofie; Persson, Per (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-26)
    Population genetic studies often overlook the evidence for variability and change in past material culture. Here, the authors use a Mesolithic example to demonstrate the importance of integrating archaeological evidence into the interpretation of the Scandinavian hunter-gatherer genetic group. Genetic studies conclude that this group resulted from two single-event dispersals into Scandinavia before ...
  • Suitability of Video Consultations During the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown: Cross-sectional Survey Among Norwegian General Practitioners 

    Johnsen, Tor Magne; Norberg, Børge Lønnebakke; Kristiansen, Eli; Zanaboni, Paolo; Austad, Bjarne; Helgetun Krogh, Frode; Getz, Linn Okkenhaug (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02)
    Background: The COVID-19 pandemic imposed an acute, sharp rise in the use of video consultations (VCs) by general practitioners (GPs) in Norway.<p> <p>Objective: This study aims to document GPs’ experiences with the large-scale uptake of VCs in the natural experiment context of the pandemic.<p> <p>Methods: A nationwide, cross-sectional online survey was conducted among Norwegian GPs during the ...
  • Vicariance followed by secondary gene flow in a young gazelle species complex 

    Garcia-Erill, Genís; Kjær, Michael Munkholm; Albrechtsen, Anders; Siegismund, Hans Redlef; Heller, Rasmus (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-23)
    Grant's gazelles have recently been proposed to be a species complex comprising three highly divergent mtDNA lineages (<i>Nanger granti, N. notata</i> and <i>N. petersii</i>). The three lineages have nonoverlapping distributions in East Africa, but without any obvious geographical divisions, making them an interesting model for studying the early-stage evolutionary dynamics of allopatric speciation ...
  • Forskningsintegritet og åpen vitenskap: Kunnskaper, normer og holdninger blant ph.dkandidater i Norge (RIOS-PhD): Status våren 2021 

    Andreassen, Helene N.; Lönn-Stensrud, Jessica (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2021-04)
  • DocEnhance: Data Stewardship 

    Andreassen, Helene N. (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2021-05)
  • L'acquisition de sons similaires à des sons dans la langue première: Une étude de cas 

    Andreassen, Helene N. (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2021-07)
  • Associations of Visceral Adipose Tissue and Skeletal Muscle Density with Incident Stroke, Myocardial Infarction and All-Cause Mortality in Community-Dwelling 70-Year-Olds: A Prospective Cohort Study 

    Ballin, Marcel; Nordstrom, Peter; Nordström, Anna Hava (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-17)
    Background - Aging leads to increased visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and reduced skeletal muscle density. To which extent these are associated with the risk of stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), and all‐cause mortality in older adults is unknown.<p> <p>Methods and Results - A total of 3294 70‐year‐old individuals (49.6% women) underwent a health examination in Umeå, Sweden, during 2012 to 2018. ...
  • Effects of Detached Seaweeds on Structure and Function of Arctic Intertidal Soft-Bottom Communities 

    Díaz, María José; Buschbaum, Christian; Renaud, Paul Eric; Molis, Markus (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-25)
    Expected lower sea-ice cover and increased storm frequency have led to projections of an increase in seaweed detritus in Arctic marine systems in the near future. To assess whether detached seaweed affects structural and functional traits of species assemblages in soft-bottom habitats, comparable experiments were run in two intertidal sites (Longyearbyen and Thiisbukta) on Svalbard. At each site, ...
  • Maximal Strength, Sprint, and Jump Performance in High-Level Female Football Players Are Maintained With a Customized Training Program During the COVID-19 Lockdown 

    Pedersen, Sigurd; Johansen, Dag; Pettersen, Svein Arne; Sagelv, Edvard Hamnvik; Welde, Boye; Winther, Andreas Kjæreng; Casolo, Andrea; Randers, Morten B. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-26)
    Introduction: The COVID-19 outbreak with partial lockdown has inevitably led to an alteration in training routines for football players worldwide. Thus, coaches had to face with the novel challenge of minimizing the potential decline in fitness during this period of training disruption.<p> <p>Methods: In this observational pre- to posttest study involving Norwegian female football players (18.8 ...
  • Patient selection for islet or solid organ pancreas transplantation: experiences from a multidisciplinary outpatient-clinic approach 

    Nordheim, Espen; Lindahl, Jørn Petter Hanto; Carlsen, Rasmus Kirkeskov; Åsberg, Anders; Birkeland, Kåre I.; Horneland, Rune; Boye, Birgitte; Scholz, Hanne; Jenssen, Trond Geir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02)
    Objective - β-cell replacement therapy (βCRT), including pancreas transplantation alone (PTA) and islet transplantation (ITX), is a treatment option for selected type 1 diabetes patients. All potential candidates for βCRT in Norway are referred to one national transplant centre for evaluation before any pre-transplant workup is started. This evaluation was performed by a transplant nephrologist alone ...
  • Animals in Saami Shamanism: Power Animals, Symbols of Art, and Offerings 

    Fonneland, Trude; Äikäs, Tiina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-07)
    In this paper, we study the role of power animals in contemporary Saami shamanism and how past and present are entwined in the presentation of power animals. In the old Saami worldviews, in addition to animals, spirits and sacred rocks (sieidi, SaaN) were also considered to be able to interact with people. Animals were an important part of offering rituals because livelihood and rituals were ...

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