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  • Development of a Framework for the Investigation of Speed, Power and Kinematic Patterns in Para Cross-Country Sit-Skiing: A Case Study of an LW12 Athlete 

    Baumgart, Julia Kathrin; Haugnes, Pål; Bardal, Lars Morten; Østerås, Sindre; Kocbach, Jan; Sandbakk, Øyvind (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-31)
    <i>Objective</i>: To develop a framework for the investigation of speed, power, and kinematic patterns across varying terrain in cross-country (XC) sit-skiing, and to test this framework in a XC sit-skier of the LW12 class during high- (HIT) and low-intensity (LIT) endurance training.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: One XC sit-skiing athlete of the LW12 class with a single above-the-knee amputation was ...
  • Challenging the ethnic pyramid: Golden rules and organisational measures towards a more inclusive work environment 

    Munkejord, Mai Camilla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-25)
    <i>Aim</i> - To contribute to knowledge of how healthcare managers can promote connection and ethnic equality among staff in multicultural organisations.<p> <p><i>Background</i> - The increase in migrant care workers often leads to deskilling, discrimination, communication difficulties and harsh working conditions.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - A constructivist grounded theory approach was used ...
  • Patterns of treatment and outcome in patients with 20 or more brain metastases 

    Nieder, Carsten; Yobuta, Rosalba; Mannsåker, Bård (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01)
    <p><i>Background/Aim - </i>The aim of this study was to analyze the patterns of treatment and outcomes in patients with a large number of brain metastases, arbitrarily defined as 20 or more lesions. These patients are typically excluded from studies of focal brain treatment, e.g., surgery or radiosurgery, and might have a limited prognosis. <p><i>Patients and Methods - </i>This was a retrospective ...
  • Injuries in Swedish floorball players: A nationwide matched cohort study. 

    Tervo, T.; Nyström, H; Nordström, Anna Hava (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-07)
    The aim of this study was to investigate injury incidence and patterns in female and male floorball players of different ages compared with matched controls. This study involved all floorball players in Sweden and licensed during 2010–2012, and matched controls selected from Sweden’s Total Population Register. Injury diagnoses were acquired from national health care registers. The cohort comprised ...
  • Awareness of polycystic ovary syndrome among obstetrician-gynecologists and endocrinologists in Northern Europe. 

    Piltonen, Terhi T; Ruokojärvi, Maria; Karro, Helle; Kajuanpää, Linda; Morin-Papunen, Laure; Tapanainen, Juha S.; Stener-Victorin, Elisabet; Sundrström-Poromaa, Inger; Hirschberg, Angelica L.; Ravn, Pernille; Glintborg, Dorte; Mellembakken, Jan Roar; Steingrimsdottir, Thora; Gibson-Helm, Melanie; Vanky, Eszter; Andersen, Marianne Skovsager; Arffman, Riikka K; Teede, Helena; Falah-Hassani, Kobra (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-26)
    <i>Objective</i> - To date, little is known about differences in the knowledge, diagnosis making and treatment strategies of health care providers regarding polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) across different disciplines in countries with similar health care systems. To inform guideline translation, we aimed to study physician reported awareness, diagnosis and management of PCOS and to explore ...
  • Effects of gamma radiation sterilization on the structural and biological properties of decellularized corneal xenografts 

    Islam, Mohammad Mirazul; Sharifi, Roholah; Mamodaly, Shamina; Islam, Rakibul; Nahra, Daniel; Abusamra, Dina B.; Hui, Pui Chuen; Adibnia, Yashar; Goulamaly, Mehdi; Paschalis, Eleftherios I.; Cruzat, Andrea; Kong, Jing; Nilsson, Per; Argüeso, Pablo; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Chodosh, James; Dohlman, Claes H.; Gonzalez-Andrades, Miguel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-05)
    To address the shortcomings associated with corneal transplants, substantial efforts have been focused on developing new modalities such as xenotransplantion. Xenogeneic corneas are anatomically and biomechanically similar to the human cornea, yet their applications require prior decellularization to remove the antigenic components to avoid rejection. In the context of bringing decellularized corneas ...
  • Impact of Right Ventricular Geometry and Left Ventricular Hypertrophy on Right Ventricular Mechanics and Clinical Outcomes in Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome 

    Rösner, Assami; Bharucha, Tara; James, Adam; Mertens, Luc; Friedberg, Mark K. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-24)
    <i>Background</i> - Right ventricular (RV) function is a major determinant of survival in hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). However, the relation of RV geometry to myocardial mechanics and their relation to transplant-free survival are incompletely characterized.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - We retrospectively studied 48 HLHS patients from the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, (median ...
  • Predictors of family focused practice: organisation, profession, or the role as child responsible personnel? 

    Skogøy, Bjørg Eva; Ogden, Terje; Weimand, Bente; Ruud, Torleif; Sørgaard, Knut W.; Maybery, Darryl (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-05)
    <p><i>Background - </i>Health professionals in Norway are required by law to help safeguard information and follow-up with children of parents with mental or physical illness, or who have substance abuse problems, to reduce their higher risk of psychosocial problems. Knowledge is lacking regarding whether organisation and/or worker-related factors can explain the differences in health professionals’ ...
  • Rethinking Maritime Education, Training, and Operations in the Digital Era: Applications for Emerging Immersive Technologies 

    Mallam, Steven; Nazir, Salman; Renganayagalu, Sathiya Kumar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-26)
    The use of simulators in maritime education and training is an essential component for developing seafarer competencies. Emerging immersive technologies, such as virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR) and mixed reality (MR) have created new and differing possibilities for maritime simulations and simulators. The increasing advancements and technical readiness of these systems have paved the ...
  • Seroprevalence of markers of hepatitis C virus exposure and associated factors in adults aged 18-39 years in the Arctic Russian city of Arkhangelsk: a cross-sectional study 

    Balaeva, Tatiana Viktorovna; Grjibovski, Andrei M.; Samodova, Olga; Sannikov, Anatoly; Klouman, Elise (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-02)
    Hepatitis C, caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV), is a major public health issue in Russia. The aim of our study was to assess the seroprevalence of markers of HCV exposure and factors associated with HCV seropositivity among the general population aged 18–39 years in the city of Arkhangelsk, Northwest Russia. A social research agency applied a quota sampling method to recruit study participants ...
  • R2P i Sikkerhetsrådets klype - nødvendig, men problematisk 

    Dahl-Eriksen, Tor Christian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-13)
    Artikkelen handler om den internasjonale dimensjonen ved ansvaret for å beskytte befolkninger mot forbrytelser av massivt omfang: folkemord, forbrytelser mot menneskeheten, krigsforbrytelser og fordrivelse på etnisk grunnlag. Denne dimensjonen forvaltes av FNs sikkerhetsråd og aktiveres når det nasjonale ansvaret, som er det primære, ikke fungerer. Beskyttelsesansvaret (R2P) ble vedtatt ved konsensus ...
  • Fetal sex determination in twin pregnancies using non-invasive prenatal testing 

    Villela, Darine; Che, Huiwen; Van Ghelue, Marijke; Dehaspe, Luc; Brison, Nathalie; Van Den Bogaert, Kris; Devriendt, Koen; Lewi, Liesbeth; Bayindir, Baran; Vermeesch, Joris Robert (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-04)
    Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) is accurate for fetal sex determination in singleton pregnancies, but its accuracy is not well established in twin pregnancies. Here, we present an accurate sex prediction model to discriminate fetal sex in both dichorionic diamniotic (DCDA) and monochorionic diamniotic/monochorionic monoamniotic (MCDA/MCMA) twin pregnancies. A retrospective analysis was performed ...
  • Påvirker innvandringsscenarier nordmenns holdninger til innvandrere? Et surveyeksperiment 

    Christensen, Dag Arne; Arnesen, Sveinung; Midtbø, Tor (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-10)
    Er nordmenns forventninger om størrelsen på fremtidig innvandring med på å påvirke deres holdninger til innvandrere? Eksperimenter fra USA viser at eksponering for framskrivninger der den hvite delen av befolkningen ender opp i mindretall, bidrar til å redusere toleransen overfor minoriteter og innvandrere. Med bakgrunn i framskrivninger av den norske befolkningssammensetningen gjennomført av ...
  • Predictors of problematic substance use 18 years after treatment: a longitudinal cohort study of persons with substance use disorders 

    Hjemsæter, Arne Jan; Bramness, Jørgen Gustav; Drake, Robert; Skeie, Ivar; Monsbakken, Bent Berntsen; Thoresen, Magne; Landheim, Anne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-21)
    <i>Objective</i>: To examine the extent of substance use and explore which baseline factors predicted current problematic substance use 18 years after treatment in surviving patients. <p> <p><i>Methods</i>: This longitudinal cohort study used a mailed self-report questionnaire on a group of patients with long-term problematic substance use, and high psychiatric comorbidity, 18 years after they ...
  • Effect of a dialogue-based intervention on psychosocial well-being 6 months after stroke in Norway: A randomized controlled trial 

    Hjelle, Ellen Gabrielsen; Bragstad, Line Kildal; Kirkevold, Marit; Zucknick, Manuela; Bronken, Berit Arnesveen; Martinsen, Randi; Kvigne, Kari Johanne; Kitzmüller, Gabriele; Mangset, Margrete; Thommessen, Bente; Sveen, Unni (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-14)
    <i>Objective</i>: To evaluate the effect of a dialogue-based intervention on psychosocial well-being 6 months after stroke. Design: Multicentre, prospective, randomized controlled trial.<p> <p><i>Subjects</i>: Adults (aged ≥ 18 years) who had their first or recurrent stroke within the last month, were medically stable, had sufficient cognitive functioning to participate and understood and spoke ...
  • Effects of Resistance Training on Functional Strength and Muscle Mass in 70-Year-Old Individuals With Pre-sarcopenia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. 

    Vikberg, Sanna; Sörlén, Niklas; Brandén, Lisa; Johansson, Jonas; Nordström, Anna; Hult, Andreas; Nordström, Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-07)
    <i>Objective</i> - Sarcopenia has been defined as age-related loss of muscle mass and function. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the effects of a 10-week instructor-led resistance training program on functional strength and body composition in men and women aged 70 years with pre-sarcopenia.<p> <p><i>Design, Setting, and Participants</i> - Participants were randomized ...
  • Association of leukocyte DNA methylation changes with dietary folate and alcohol intake in the EPIC study 

    Perrier, Flavie; Viallon, Vivian; Ambatipudi, Srikant; Ghantous, Akram; Cuenin, Cyrille; Hernandez-Vargas, Hector; Chajès, Véronique; Baglietto, Laura; Matejcic, Marco; Moreno-Macías, Hortensia; Kühn, Tilman; Boeing, Heiner; Karakatsani, Anna; Kotanidou, Anastasia; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Sieri, Sabina; Panico, Salvatore; Fasanelli, Francesca; Dollé, Martijn; Onland-Moret, Charlotte; Sluijs, Ivonne; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Quirós, José Ramón; Agudo, Antonio; Huerta, José María; Ardanaz, Eva; Dorronsoro, Miren; Tong, Tammy Y.N.; Tsilidis, Konstantinos K.; Riboli, Elio; Gunter, Mark J.; Herceg, Zdenko; Ferrari, Pietro; Romieu, Isabelle (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-02)
    <i>Background</i> - There is increasing evidence that folate, an important component of one-carbon metabolism, modulates the epigenome. Alcohol, which can disrupt folate absorption, is also known to affect the epigenome. We investigated the association of dietary folate and alcohol intake on leukocyte DNA methylation levels in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) ...
  • A New Retracking Algorithm for Retrieving Sea Ice Freeboard from CryoSat-2 Radar Altimeter Data during Winter–Spring Transition 

    Shen, Xiaoyi; Similä, Markku H.; Dierking, Wolfgang Fritz Otto; Zhang, Xi; Ke, Changqing; Liu, Meijie; Wang, Manman (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-20)
    A new method called Bézier curve fitting (BCF) for approximating CryoSat-2 (CS-2) SAR-mode waveform is developed to optimize the retrieval of surface elevation of both sea ice and leads for the period of late winter/early spring. We found that the best results are achieved when the retracking points are fixed on positions at which the rise of the fitted Bézier curve reaches 70% of its peak in case ...
  • Identification of potential carcinogenic and chemopreventive effects of prescription drugs: A protocol for a Norwegian registry-based study 

    Kulle, Bettina; Støer, Nathalie Charlotte; Martinsen, Jan Ivar; Ursin, Giske; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Thoresen, G. Hege; Debernard, Karen A. Boldingh; Karlstad, Øystein; Pottegard, Anton; Friis, Søren (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-08)
    <i>Introduction</i> - Surveillance of unintended effects of pharmaceuticals (pharmacovigilance or drug safety) is crucial, as knowledge of rare or late side effects is limited at the time of the introduction of new medications into the market. Side effects of drugs may involve increased or decreased risk of cancer, but these typically appear after a long induction period. This fact, together with ...
  • Community-based occupational therapy in Norway: Content, dilemmas, and priorities 

    Arntzen, Cathrine; Sveen, Unni; Hagby, Cathrine; Bonsaksen, Tore; Dolva, Anne-Stine; Horghagen, Sissel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-11)
    Background: Profound changes in municipal health services, are calling for new models for community-based occupational therapy services. Objective: The aim of the study is to explore how Norwegian occupational therapists position themselves in relation to the tasks delivered. Method: Focus group interviews were conducted with ten community-based occupational therapists. Systematic text ...

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