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  • A highly asymmetric gold(III) η3‐allyl complex 

    Holmsen, Marte Sofie; Nova, Ainara; Øien-Ødegaard, Sigurd; Heyn, Richard H.; Tilset, Mats (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-11)
    A highly asymmetric Au<sup>III</sup> η<sup>3</sup>‐allyl complex has been generated by treating Au(η<sup>1</sup>‐allyl)Br(tpy) (tpy=2‐(<i>p</i>‐tolyl)pyridine) with AgNTf<sub>2</sub>. The resulting η<sup>3</sup>‐allyl complex has been characterized by NMR spectroscopy and X‐ray crystallography. DFT calculations and variable temperature <sup>1</sup>H NMR suggest that the allyl ligand is highly fluxional.
  • Progress, traditions and future directions in research on disasters involving slow-onset hazards 

    Staupe-Delgado, Reidar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-07)
    <i>Purpose</i> - The importance of onset speed has been stressed by disaster researchers and inter-governmental bodies for some time, but its meaning and knowledge frontier has not been explored in depth. The purpose of this paper is to contextualise disasters involving slow-onset hazards within the broader literature on disasters, assess the current state of knowledge and identify themes in the ...
  • Cisplatin treatment of testicular cancer patients introduces long-term changes in the epigenome 

    Bucher-Johannessen, Cecilie; Page, Christian Magnus; Haugen, Trine B.; Wojewodzic, Marcin; Fosså, Sophie Dorothea; Grotmol, Tom; Haugnes, Hege Sagstuen; Rounge, Trine Ballestad (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-03)
    <i>Background</i> - Cisplatin-based chemotherapy (CBCT) is part of standard treatment of several cancers. In testicular cancer (TC) survivors, an increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MetS) is observed. In this epigenome-wide association study, we investigated if CBCT relates to epigenetic changes (DNA methylation) and if epigenetic changes render individuals susceptible for developing ...
  • Gehørtrening og læring 

    Haugseth, Bengt (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-12)
    I artikkelen presenteres en undersøkelse blant en mindre gruppe lærerstudenter av utbyttet av en utbredt gehørmetode innenfor musikkundervisning. Studenter i lærerutdanningen har i en årrekke fått undervisning i trinnsang for å lettere kunne lese noter og forstå melodiske mønstre. Denne undersøkelsen avdekker hvor effektiv gehørmetoden som brukes er, og hvor mye øving som skal til for å få fremgang. ...
  • The effects gotu kola (Centella asiatica) powder on growth performance, skin mucus, and serum immunity of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings 

    Srichaiyo, Naphakorn; Tongsiri, Sudaporn; Hoseinifar, Seyed Hossein; Dawood, Mahmoud A.O.; Jaturasitha, Sanchai; Esteban, Maria A.; Ringø, Einar; Van Doan, Hien (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-24)
    The present study was conducted to assess the possible effects of gotu kola (<i>Centella asiatica</i>) powder (GKP) on skin mucus and serum immune response, as well as growth performance of Nile tilapia, <i>Oreochromis niloticus</i>. Three hundred twenty Nile tilapia fingerlings (average weight of 17.84 ± 0.08 g) were divided into four treatments and fed four levels of gotu kola powder (GKP) as ...
  • Drone-Mounted Ultrawideband Radar for Retrieval of Snowpack Properties 

    Jenssen, Rolf-Ole Rydeng; Jacobsen, Svein Ketil; Eckerstorfer, Markus (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-13)
    Extracting snowpack parameters from snow cover on sea ice or land is a time-consuming and potentially high-risk task. Moreover, deriving such parameters by manually digging a snow pit evidently yields low area coverage. We, therefore, propose a practical solution to this problem by mounting an ultrawideband radar system onto an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to obtain information such as snowpack ...
  • Studying the effect of solubilizing agents on drug diffusion through the unstirred water layer (UWL) by localized spectroscopy 

    Di Cagno, Massimiliano Pio; Stein, Paul C (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-04)
    An experimental/computational approach has been successfully applied in order to study the effect of solubilizing vehicles (cyclodextrins and liposomes) on the passive diffusion of four active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) of different nature (hydrophilic, ionizable and lipophilic) through an unstirred water layer (UWL) model. This approach allowed the measurement of flux changes through the UWL ...
  • The Upper Stratospheric Solar Cycle Ozone Response 

    Ball, William T.; Rozanov, Eugene; Alsing, Justin; Marsh, Daniel R.; Tummon, Fiona Sadhbha Brigitta; Mortlock, Daniel J; Kinnison, Douglas; Haigh, Joanna D (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-10)
    The solar cycle (SC) stratospheric ozone response is thought to influence surface weather and climate. To understand the chain of processes and ensure climate models adequately represent them, it is important to detect and quantify an accurate SC ozone response from observations. Chemistry climate models (CCMs) and observations display a range of upper stratosphere (1–10 hPa) zonally averaged spatial ...
  • Warm temperatures during cold season can negatively affect adult survival in an alpine bird 

    Chiffard, Jules; Delestrade, Anne; Yoccoz, Nigel Gilles; Loison, Anne; Besnard, Aurelien (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-25)
    Climate seasonality is a predominant constraint on the lifecycles of species in alpine and polar biomes. Assessing the response of these species to climate change thus requires taking into account seasonal constraints on populations. However, interactions between seasonality, weather fluctuations, and population parameters remain poorly explored as they require long‐term studies with high sampling ...
  • B cell receptor ligation induces display of V-region peptides on MHC class II molecules to T cells 

    Huszthy, Peter Csaba; Gopalakrishnan, Ramakrishna Prabhu; Jacobsen, Johanne Tracey; Haabeth, Ole Audun; Løset, Geir Åge; Braathen, Ranveig; Schenck, Karl; Tveita, Anders Aune; Munthe, Ludvig Andre; Bogen, Bjarne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-03)
    The B cell receptors (BCRs) for antigen express variable (V) regions that are enormously diverse, thus serving as markers on individual B cells. V region-derived idiotypic (Id) peptides can be displayed as pId:MHCII complexes on B cells for recognition by CD4<sup>+</sup> T cells. It is not known if naive B cells spontaneously display pId:MHCII in vivo or if BCR ligation is required for expression, ...
  • Tord Larsen, Emil A. Røyrvik (Red.): Trangen til å telle. Objektivering, måling og standardisering som samfunnspraksis 

    Hydle, Ida Marie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-12)
    «Den overordnete ambisjonen med denne boka er å undersøke objektivering, måling og standardisering i vår tid, og vise hvordan disse praksisene utgjør en kulturell logikk som former de fine hoveddimensjonene i sosialt liv: betydning/representasjon, moral, person og ting-forståelse», åpner redaktørene. For antropologer og sosiologer er denne åpningen grei skuring. For leger, sykepleiere, ...
  • Oral health in children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis - a systematic review and meta-analysis 

    Skeie, Marit S.; Gil, Elisabeth G.; Cetrelli, Lena; Rosén, Annika; Fisher, Johannes; Åstrøm, Anne Nordrehaug; Luukko, Keijo; Shi, Xieqi; Feuerherm, Astrid J.; Sen, Abhijit; Frid, Paula; Rygg, Marite; Bletsa, Athanasia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-19)
    <i>Background</i> - Observational studies examining the association between oral health and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) among children and adolescents have reported inconsistent findings. The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to ascertain a potential difference in oral health and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among children and adolescents with JIA and ...
  • Surgical Treatment of Degenerative Disk Disease in Three Scandinavian Countries: An International Register Study Based on Three Merged National Spine Registers 

    Andersen, Mikkel Østerheden; Fritzell, Peter; Eiskjær, Søren Peter; Lagerbäck, Tobias; Hägg, Olle; Nordvall, Dennis; Lønne, Greger; Solberg, Tore; Jacobs, Wilco; van Hooff, Miranda; Gerdhem, Paul; Gehrchen, Martin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-25)
    <i>Study Design</i>: Observational study of prospectively collected data.<p> <p><i>Objectives</i>: Patients with chronic low back pain resistant to nonoperative treatment often face a poor prognosis for recovery. The aim of the current study was to compare the variation and outcome of surgical treatment of degenerative disc disease in the Scandinavian countries based on The International Consortium ...
  • Development of a Framework for the Investigation of Speed, Power and Kinematic Patterns in Para Cross-Country Sit-Skiing: A Case Study of an LW12 Athlete 

    Baumgart, Julia Kathrin; Haugnes, Pål; Bardal, Lars Morten; Østerås, Sindre; Kocbach, Jan; Sandbakk, Øyvind (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-31)
    <i>Objective</i>: To develop a framework for the investigation of speed, power, and kinematic patterns across varying terrain in cross-country (XC) sit-skiing, and to test this framework in a XC sit-skier of the LW12 class during high- (HIT) and low-intensity (LIT) endurance training.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: One XC sit-skiing athlete of the LW12 class with a single above-the-knee amputation was ...
  • Challenging the ethnic pyramid: Golden rules and organisational measures towards a more inclusive work environment 

    Munkejord, Mai Camilla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-25)
    <i>Aim</i> - To contribute to knowledge of how healthcare managers can promote connection and ethnic equality among staff in multicultural organisations.<p> <p><i>Background</i> - The increase in migrant care workers often leads to deskilling, discrimination, communication difficulties and harsh working conditions.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - A constructivist grounded theory approach was used ...
  • Patterns of treatment and outcome in patients with 20 or more brain metastases 

    Nieder, Carsten; Yobuta, Rosalba; Mannsåker, Bård (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01)
    <p><i>Background/Aim - </i>The aim of this study was to analyze the patterns of treatment and outcomes in patients with a large number of brain metastases, arbitrarily defined as 20 or more lesions. These patients are typically excluded from studies of focal brain treatment, e.g., surgery or radiosurgery, and might have a limited prognosis. <p><i>Patients and Methods - </i>This was a retrospective ...
  • Injuries in Swedish floorball players: A nationwide matched cohort study. 

    Tervo, T.; Nyström, H; Nordström, Anna Hava (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-07)
    The aim of this study was to investigate injury incidence and patterns in female and male floorball players of different ages compared with matched controls. This study involved all floorball players in Sweden and licensed during 2010–2012, and matched controls selected from Sweden’s Total Population Register. Injury diagnoses were acquired from national health care registers. The cohort comprised ...
  • Awareness of polycystic ovary syndrome among obstetrician-gynecologists and endocrinologists in Northern Europe. 

    Piltonen, Terhi T; Ruokojärvi, Maria; Karro, Helle; Kajuanpää, Linda; Morin-Papunen, Laure; Tapanainen, Juha S.; Stener-Victorin, Elisabet; Sundrström-Poromaa, Inger; Hirschberg, Angelica L.; Ravn, Pernille; Glintborg, Dorte; Mellembakken, Jan Roar; Steingrimsdottir, Thora; Gibson-Helm, Melanie; Vanky, Eszter; Andersen, Marianne Skovsager; Arffman, Riikka K; Teede, Helena; Falah-Hassani, Kobra (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-26)
    <i>Objective</i> - To date, little is known about differences in the knowledge, diagnosis making and treatment strategies of health care providers regarding polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) across different disciplines in countries with similar health care systems. To inform guideline translation, we aimed to study physician reported awareness, diagnosis and management of PCOS and to explore ...
  • Effects of gamma radiation sterilization on the structural and biological properties of decellularized corneal xenografts 

    Islam, Mohammad Mirazul; Sharifi, Roholah; Mamodaly, Shamina; Islam, Rakibul; Nahra, Daniel; Abusamra, Dina B.; Hui, Pui Chuen; Adibnia, Yashar; Goulamaly, Mehdi; Paschalis, Eleftherios I.; Cruzat, Andrea; Kong, Jing; Nilsson, Per; Argüeso, Pablo; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Chodosh, James; Dohlman, Claes H.; Gonzalez-Andrades, Miguel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-05)
    To address the shortcomings associated with corneal transplants, substantial efforts have been focused on developing new modalities such as xenotransplantion. Xenogeneic corneas are anatomically and biomechanically similar to the human cornea, yet their applications require prior decellularization to remove the antigenic components to avoid rejection. In the context of bringing decellularized corneas ...
  • Impact of Right Ventricular Geometry and Left Ventricular Hypertrophy on Right Ventricular Mechanics and Clinical Outcomes in Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome 

    Rösner, Assami; Bharucha, Tara; James, Adam; Mertens, Luc; Friedberg, Mark K. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-24)
    <i>Background</i> - Right ventricular (RV) function is a major determinant of survival in hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). However, the relation of RV geometry to myocardial mechanics and their relation to transplant-free survival are incompletely characterized.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - We retrospectively studied 48 HLHS patients from the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, (median ...

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