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  • Abrupt shifts of productivity and sea ice regimes at the western Barents Sea slope from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Bølling-Allerød interstadial 

    Köseoğlu, Denizcan; Belt, Simon T.; Knies, Jochen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-12)
    Advanced knowledge of spatio-temporal constraints on the Barents Sea Ice Sheet during the late Weichselian glaciation overshadows relatively limited understanding of seasonal sea ice (experiencing an annual advance-retreat cycle) and primary productivity trends accompanying massive, abrupt climate changes during glacial-deglacial cycles. Such paleo-reconstructions are crucial prerequisites for ...
  • Avalanche decision-making frameworks: Classification and description of underlying factors 

    Landrø, Markus; Pfuhl, Gerit; Engeset, Rune; Jackson, Miriam; Hetland, Audun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-17)
    Snow avalanches are a complex phenomenon and correctly assessing avalanche danger is crucial in order to avoid accidents. To aid the decision-making process, different decision-making frameworks (DMFs) have been developed. However, each DMF assesses different factors. We identified 44 factors included in the ten most commonly used DMFs, supplemented by nine factors regarded as important by avalanche ...
  • Do diabetes mHealth and online interventions evaluate what is important for users? 

    Larbi, Dillys; Bradway, Meghan; Randine, Pietro; Antypas, Konstantinos; Gabarron, Elia; Årsand, Eirik (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2019-11)
    Research often presents patient needs from perceptions of healthcare professionals and researchers. Today, patients can formulate tailored questions and seek solutions for what they need to self-manage in many ways. We aimed to compare reported outcomes of mHealth and online intervention studies for diabetes selfmanagement to patient-reported needs, from a systematic review and a literature review ...
  • La distribution de synérèse/diérèse dans la phonologie du français contemporain & perspectives de codage 

    Andreassen, Helene N.; Racine, Isabelle; Côté, Marie-Hélène; Eychenne, Julien; Detey, Sylvain (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2019-12-04)
  • Positive and negative aspects of substance use and treatment goals among substance use disorder patients with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A qualitative study 

    Flores, Lizbett; Lensing, Michael B.; Bjerke, Trond Nergaard; Kvalnes, Martin; Eisemann, Martin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-11)
    There is limited research on the perceptions of substance use (SU) and treatment goals among patients with substance use disorders (SUD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We investigate whether SU perceptions and treatment goals were different among SUD patients with (SUD+ADHD) and without (SUD-ADHD) ADHD. Twelve SUD+ADHD patients (39.5 ± 8.5 years, 10 men), and 10 age- and substance ...
  • Seasonal constancy (summer vs. winter) of benthic size spectra in an Arctic fjord 

    Mazurkiewicz, Mikołaj; Górska, Barbara; Renaud, Paul Eric; Legeżyńska, Joanna; Berge, Jørgen; Włodarska-Kowalczuk, Maria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-08)
    Size spectra are important descriptors of community structure and can indicate changes in community functioning in response to shifts in environmental conditions. There are relatively few assessments of benthic size spectra, and most are based on summer samples alone. Processes influencing size spectra, such as recruitment and predation pressure, vary seasonally, and understanding this variation is ...
  • A cross-sectional and 6-year follow-up study of associations between leisure time physical activity and vertebral fracture in adults 

    Mikkilä, Saija; Calogiuri, Giovanna; Emaus, Nina; Morseth, Bente (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-17)
    <i>Introduction</i>: Vertebral fractures are common osteoporotic fractures, affecting 2–46% of the population, causing morbidity and increased risk of mortality. Physical activity has beneficial effects for bone health, including increased bone mineral density and reduced hip fractures. However, evidence concerning prevention of vertebral fractures is scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to ...
  • Solar illumination dependence of the auroral electrojet intensity: Interplay between the solar zenith angle and dipole tilt 

    Ohtani, Shinici; Gjerløv, Jesper; Johnsen, Magnar Gullikstad; Yamauchi, Masatoshi; Brändström, Urban; Lewis, Andrew M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-18)
    The present study investigates the dependence of the local auroral electrojet (AEJ) intensity on solar illumination by statistically examining northward geomagnetic disturbances in the auroral zone in terms of the solar zenith angle χ. It is found that on the dayside, both westward and eastward electrojets (WEJ and EEJ) are more intense for smaller χ, suggesting that the solar extreme ultraviolet‐induced ...
  • Physical activity levels in adults and elderly from triaxial and uniaxial accelerometry. The Tromsø Study 

    Sagelv, Edvard Hamnvik; Ekelund, Ulf; Pedersen, Sigurd; Brage, Søren; Hansen, Bjørge Hermann; Johansson, Jonas; Grimsgaard, Sameline; Nordström, Anna; Horsch, Alexander; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Morseth, Bente (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-03)
    <i>Introduction</i> - Surveillance of physical activity at the population level increases the knowledge on levels and trends of physical activity, which may support public health initiatives to promote physical activity. Physical activity assessed by accelerometry is challenged by varying data processing procedures, which influences the outcome. We aimed to describe the levels and prevalence estimates ...
  • Avalanche decision-making frameworks: Factors and methods used by experts 

    Landrø, Markus; Hetland, Audun; Engeset, Rune; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-31)
    The snowy mountains of the world attract more and more backcountry recreationalists. Besides beauty and joy, traveling in avalanche terrain can involve risk of injury and even death. A correct assessment of avalanche danger and following a correct decision is crucial. This requires a thorough evaluation of a range of factors. To aid these decisions several decision-making frameworks (DMF) have been ...
  • Aina Nøding, Claus Fasting: Dikter, journalist, opplysningspioner (Oslo: Scandinavian Academic Press, 2018). 440 pp. 

    Aspaas, Per Pippin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-18)
  • The paleozoic evolution of the Olga Basin region, Northern Barents Sea: A link to the Timanian orogeny 

    Klitzke, Peter; Franke, Dieter; Ehrhardt, Axel; Lutz, Rüdiger; Reinhardt, Lutz; Heyde, Ingo; Faleide, Jan Inge (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-15)
    The evolution of the Olga Basin region in the northern Norwegian Barents Sea and its relation to the Caledonian and Timanian orogenies is poorly understood due to sparse geophysical data and the lack of well control. In 2015, the German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) acquired deep multichannel seismic lines as well as gravity and magnetic data. The new seismic data ...
  • Stimulating release of undersized fish through a square mesh panel in the Basque otter trawl fishery 

    Cuende, Elsa; Arregi, Luis; Herrmann, Bent; Sistiaga, Manu Berrondo; Onandia, Inigo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-19)
    Discards of regulated species in the Basque mixed trawl fishery are a challenge. In 2006, a square mesh panel (SMP) was introduced in the fishery to increase the release efficiency of undersized fish. However, studies have shown that the selectivity in this fishery is based on codend selectivity and the release through the SMP is inefficient due to low contact between fish and the SMP. In order to ...
  • Researching phonological variation in child, learner and adult speech: The case of schwa in French 

    Andreassen, Helene N. (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2019-11-11)
    Phonological variation can be defined as describing “a situation in which a single morpheme can be realized in more than one phonetic form in a single environment” (Coetzee & Pater, 2011, p. 401). In the latter decades, research on this integral part of grammar has become increasingly important, resulting not only in a growing literature on the topic, but also in large datasets on which hypotheses ...
  • Knausen. Undersøkelse av tidlig-mesolittisk boplass i Tromsø kommune 

    Niemi, Anja Roth; Oppvang, Janne (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2019)
    Deler av en lokalitet fra eldre steinalder ble undersøkt i 2017. Det undersøkte området har inngått i en større boplass som i dag er delvis forstyrret eller fjernet av bebyggelse, dyrking og kjørespor. Det ble avdekket en sannsynlig teltring samt utkanten av en konsentrasjon av littisk materiale langs en terrasse som i forhistorisk tid vendte mot en skjermet bukt. Det ble også funnet materiale i ...
  • OJS is not enough 

    Frantsvåg, Jan Erik (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2019-11)
  • Short Report: Social Perception of High School Students with ASD in Norway 

    Skafle, Ingjerd; Nordahl-Hansen, Anders; Øien, Roald A (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-06)
    An increasing number of students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) enroll in inclusive schools and classrooms. The aim of this study was to research how students with ASD experience the social aspect of inclusive high schools. Five adolescences with Asperger syndrome were interviewed, and the results show that high school was perceived as an important platform for social training, and an equally ...
  • Did Astronomy Constitute a Denominationally Neutral Space within the Republic of Letters? An Outline for the Use of Visualization Tools in the Study of Astronomical Correspondence 

    Aspaas, Per Pippin; Pataki, Katalin (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2019-06-30)
    Numerous astronomical observatories were established across Europe over the course of the eighteenth century, rendering astronomy a distinct sub-branch of the Republic of Letters. Arguably, by the mid eighteenth century astronomy functioned as a denominationally neutral space and constituted a scientific discipline in the modern sense. Jesuits, Benedictines, Lutherans, Anglicans, Calvinists – all ...
  • DNA methylation patterns vary in boar sperm cells with different levels of DNA fragmentation 

    Khezri, Abdolrahman; Narud, Birgitte; Stenseth, Else-Berit; Johannisson, Anders; Myromslien, Frøydis Deinboll; Gaustad, Ann Helen; Wilson, Robert C.; Lyle, Robert; Morrell, Jane M.; Kommisrud, Elisabeth; Ahmad, Rafi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-27)
    <i>Background</i> - Sperm DNA integrity is considered essential for successful transmission of the paternal genome, fertilization and normal embryo development. DNA fragmentation index (DFI, %) has become a key parameter in the swine artificial insemination industry to assess sperm DNA integrity. Recently, in some elite Norwegian Landrace boars (boars with excellent field fertility records), a higher ...
  • The Association Between Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Cognition Appears Neither Related to Current Physical Activity Nor Mediated by Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor in a Sample of Outpatients With Schizophrenia 

    Holmen, Tom Langerud; Egeland, Jens; Andersen, Eivind; Mordal, Jon; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Ueland, Thor; Bigseth, Therese Torgersen; Bang-Kittilsen, Gry; Engh, John (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-25)
    <i>Objective</i>: We investigated whether levels of current physical activity (PA) contribute to the established relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and cognition in schizophrenia and whether brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) or its precursor proBDNF mediates this relationship. <p> <p><i>Method</i>: Sixty-one outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders participated. ...

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