Now showing items 1-20 of 1117

    • Pandemien har økt omsorgsbyrden for mange pårørende til eldre 

      Minde, Gunn-Tove; Brustad, Ann-Kirsti (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-25)
      Utbruddet av koronavirus rammet de eldre spesielt hardt. Besøksstans og reduserte hjemmetjenester førte til at eldre mistet sosial kontakt og omsorgstjenester fra både kommunen og frivilligheten, som igjen førte til en større belastning på de pårørende. Forskjellige former for tilrettelegging, som lengre besøk fra færre ansatte og bruk av ny kommunikasjonsteknologi, er eksempler på omprioriteringer ...
    • Patient derived colonoids as drug testing platforms - Critical importance of oxygen concentration 

      Skovdahl, Helene Kolstad; Gopalakrishnan, Shreya; Svendsen, Tarjei Dahl; Granlund, Atle van Beelen; Bakke, Ingunn; Ginbot, Zekarias; Thorsvik, Silje; Flatberg, Arnar; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Ostrop, Jenny; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Sandvik, Arne Kristian; Bruland, Torunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-13)
      Treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is challenging, with a series of available drugs each helping only a fraction of patients. Patients may face time-consuming drug trials while the disease is active, thus there is an unmet need for biomarkers and assays to predict drug effect. It is well known that the intestinal epithelium is an important factor in disease pathogenesis, exhibiting physical, ...
    • Rapid development and persistence of efficient subglacial drainage under 900 m-thick ice in Greenland 

      Chandler, David Matthew; Wadham, Jemma Louise; Nienow, Peter W.; Doyle, Samuel H.; Tedstone, Andrew J.; Telling, Jon; Hawkings, Jonathan R.; Alcock, Jonathan; Linhoff, Benjamin; Hubbard, Alun Lloyd (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-11)
      Intensive study of the Greenland Ice Sheet's (GrIS) subglacial drainage has been motivated by its importance for ice dynamics and for nutrient/sediment export to coastal ecosystems. This has revealed consistent seasonal development of efficient subglacial drainage in the lower ablation area. While some hydrological models show qualitative agreement with field data, conflicting evidence (both field- ...
    • Can root-associated fungi mediate the impact of abiotic conditions on the growth of a High Arctic herb? 

      Wutkowska, Magdalena; Ehrich, Dorothee; Mundra, Sunil; Vader, Anna; Eidesen, Pernille Bronken (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-04)
      Arctic plants are affected by many stressors. Root-associated fungi are thought to influence plant performance in stressful environmental conditions. However, the relationships are not well-known; do the number of fungal partners, their ecological functions and community composition mediate the impact of environmental conditions and/or influence host plant performance? To address these questions, ...
    • Effects of motion correction, sampling rate and parametric modelling in dynamic contrast enhanced MRI of the temporomandibular joint in children affected with juvenile idiopathic arthritis 

      Starck, Lea; Andersen, Erling; Macíček, Ondřej; Angenete, Oskar W; Augdal, Thomas Angell; Rosendahl, Karen; Jirík, Radovan; Grüner, Renate (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-13)
      The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is typically involved in 45–87% of children with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA). Accurate diagnosis of JIA is difficult as various clinical tests, including MRI, disagree. The purpose of this study is to optimize the methodological aspects of Dynamic Contrast Enhanced (DCE) MRI of the TMJ in children. In this cross-sectional study, including data from 73 JIA ...
    • Kvasir-Capsule, a video capsule endoscopy dataset 

      Smedsrud, Pia H; Thambawita, Vajira L B; Hicks, Steven; Gjestang, Henrik; Olsen Nedrejord, Oda; Næss, Espen; Borgli, Hanna; Jha, Debesh; Berstad, Tor Jan; Eskeland, Sigrun Losada; Lux, Mathias; Espeland, Håvard; Petlund, Andreas; Dang Nguyen, Duc Tien; Garcia, Enrique; Johansen, Dag; Schmidt, Peter Thelin; Toth, Ervin; Hammer, Hugo Lewi; de Lange, Thomas; Riegler, Michael Alexander; Halvorsen, Pål (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-27)
      Artificial intelligence (AI) is predicted to have profound effects on the future of video capsule endoscopy (VCE) technology. The potential lies in improving anomaly detection while reducing manual labour. Existing work demonstrates the promising benefits of AI-based computer-assisted diagnosis systems for VCE. They also show great potential for improvements to achieve even better results. Also, ...
    • Cost-effectiveness of meningococcal vaccination of Norwegian teenagers with a quadrivalent ACWY conjugate vaccine 

      Watle, Sara Sofie Viksmoen; Næss, Lisbeth Meyer; Tunheim, Gro; Caugant, Dominique A; Wisløff, Torbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-25)
      In Norway, the incidence of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is higher among 16–19-year-olds than in the general population. Most IMD cases among teenagers are caused by serogroup Y. Since 2011, one dose of meningococcal ACWY conjugate vaccine (MCV4) has been recommended for teenagers with out-of-pocket payment. The teenagers are usually vaccinated through the school health service at age 18. ...
    • Short-lived Alpha Power Suppression Induced by Low-intensity Arrhythmic rTMS 

      Zmeykina, Elina; Mittner, Matthias; Paulus, Walter; Turi, Zsolt (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-02)
      This study was conducted to provide a better understanding of the role of electric field strength in the production of aftereffects in resting state scalp electroencephalography by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in humans. We conducted two separate experiments in which we applied rTMS over the left parietal-occipital region. Prospective electric field simulation guided the choice ...
    • Indigenous agency in global systems 

      Eikeland, Sveinung (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-20)
      The article addresses expanding of global economic systems by studying Sámi strategies addressing Norwegian High Northern Policies (NHNP) launched by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 2005. NHNP attracted global economy, labour and knowledge to the Arctic region. The Sámi responding are analysed by using agency theories in economic geography, and contributes to expand the content of ...
    • Curation Support in DataverseNO 

      Conzett, Philipp (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2021-06)
    • CoreTrustSeal certification of DataverseNO 

      Conzett, Philipp (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2021-06)
    • Repository Experiences on Certification: DataverseNO 

      Conzett, Philipp (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2021-06-03)
      This presentation gives a short introduction to the work done by DataverseNO to obtain CoreTrustSeal certification.
    • Gjenfinning og gjenbruk av forskingsdata – ei praktisk innføring i FAIR-prinsippa 

      Conzett, Philipp (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2021-06)
      Innføring i FAIR-prinsippa for handtering av forskingsdata med utgangspunkt i DataverseNO. ||| Introduction to the FAIR Guiding Principles for scientific data management and stewardship based on DataverseNO.
    • Metadata Schemas in Dataverse 

      Conzett, Philipp; Graybeal, John (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2021-06)
      Presentation from the Dataverse Community Meeting 2021 breakout session on metadata and controlled vocabularies: This session is about flexible metadata support in Dataverse. Following up on our discussions at the Dataverse Community Meeting in 2020, we will present and discuss ongoing efforts and future ideas for improving the FAIR support of the Dataverse software focusing on metadata schemas and ...
    • Risk Factors for COVID-19 Diagnosis, Hospitalization, and Subsequent All-Cause Mortality in Sweden: A Nationwide Study. 

      Bergman, Jonathan; Ballin, Marcel; Nordström, Anna Hava; Nordstrom, Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-11)
      We conducted a nationwide, registry-based study to investigate the importance of 34 potential risk factors for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) diagnosis, hospitalization (with or without intensive care unit [ICU] admission), and subsequent all-cause mortality. The study population comprised all COVID-19 cases confirmed in Sweden by mid-September 2020 (68,575 non-hospitalized, 2494 ICU hospitalized, ...
    • Associations of Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Sedentary Time with the Risk of Stroke, Myocardial Infarction or All-Cause Mortality in 70-Year-Old Men and Women: A Prospective Cohort Study. 

      Ballin, Marcel; Nordstrom, Peter; Niklasson, Johan; Hava Nordström, Anna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-15)
      Objective - To study the associations of objectively measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) with the combined outcome of incident stroke, myocardial infarction (MI) or all-cause mortality in older adults.<p> <p>Methods - N = 3343 men and women aged 70 who participated in a health survey between 2012 and 2017 were included. Actigraph GT3X+ accelerometers were used to measure ...
    • Exposure to perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and dyslipidemia, hypertension and obesity in adolescents : the Fit Futures study 

      Averina, Maria; Brox, Jan; Huber, Sandra; Furberg, Anne-Sofie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-15)
      Background - Prevalence of obesity, hypertension and dyslipidemia has been increasing in children and adolescents worldwide. Exposure to environmental pollutants may contribute to this development. Our aim was to study associations between perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and dyslipidemia, hypertension and obesity in a population-based sample of adolescents. <p> <p>Methods - Serum PFAS concentrations ...
    • Physiological responses and cycle characteristics during double-poling versus diagonal-stride roller-skiing in junior cross-country skiers 

      Andersson, Erik; Hämberg, Irina; Do Nascimento Salvador, Paulo Cesar; McGawley, Kerry (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-24)
      <p>Purpose: This study aimed to compare physiological factors and cycle characteristics during cross-country (XC) roller-skiing at matched inclines and speeds using the double-poling (DP) and diagonal-stride (DS) sub-techniques in junior female and male XC skiers. <p>Methods: Twenty-three well-trained junior XC skiers (11 women, 12 men; age 18.2 ± 1.2 yr.) completed two treadmill roller-skiing tests ...
    • Grammatical Gender: Acquisition, Attrition, and Change 

      Lohndal, Terje; Westergaard, Marit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-10)
      This paper discusses grammatical gender in Norwegian by bringing together data from first language acquisition, Norwegian heritage language, and dialect change. In all these contexts, gender is often claimed to be a vulnerable category, arguably due to the relative non-transparency of gender assignment. Furthermore, the feminine gender is in the process of being lost in many Norwegian dialects, as ...
    • A Systematic Review of the Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes in Norway 

      Behboudi-Gandevani, Samira; Parajuli, Ranjan; Vaismoradi, Mojtaba (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-03)
      Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a major public health problem and a threat to maternal and child health. There is a lack of integrated and systematically synthesized knowledge about the prevalence GDM in Norway. Therefore, this systemic review aimed to present the best available peer-reviewed published evidence from the past 20 years about the prevalence of GDM in Norway. A comprehensive ...