Now showing items 1-20 of 1784

    • Evidence of large systematic differences between countries in assigning ischaemic heart disease deaths to myocardial infarction: the contrasting examples of Russia and Norway 

      Timonin, Sergey; Shkolnikov, Vladimir M.; Andreev, Evgeny; Magnus, Per Minor; Leon, David A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-06)
      Background: There is considerable variation in mortality rates from myocardial infarction (MI) across high-income countries, some of which may be artefactual. <p>Methods: Time trends in mortality rates from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and MI were analysed for a set of high-income countries from the end of the 1970s. Using individuallevel mortality data from Russia (2005–2017) and Norway ...
    • Room-Temperature-Stable Magnesium Electride via Ni(II) Reduction 

      Day, Craig S.; Do, Cuong Dat; Odena, Carlota; Benet-Buchholz, Jordi; Xu, Liang; Foroutan-Nejad, Cina; Hopmann, Kathrin Helen; Martin, Ruben (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-13)
      Herein, we report the synthesis of highly reduced bipyridyl magnesium complexes and the first example of a stable organic magnesium electride supported by quantum mechanical computations and X-ray diffraction. These complexes serve as unconventional homogeneous reductants due to their high solubility, modular redox potentials, and formation of insoluble, noncoordinating byproducts. The applicability ...
    • Success factors of an early EHR system for child and adolescent mental health: Lessons learned for future practice data-driven decision aids 

      Koochakpour, Kaban; Nytrø, Øystein; Westbye, Odd Sverre; Leventhal, Bennett; Koposov, Roman A; Bakken, Victoria; Clausen, Carolyn; Røst, Thomas Brox; Skokauskas, Norbert (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2022)
      This paper recounts the successful BUPdata, a discontinued electronic health record (EHR) system for Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) in Norway. It was developed and owned by the national association for CAMHS and fulfilled needs for collaborative care, practice insight, and service management. It aimed to unify the requirements of government, administration, clinicians, ...
    • The Faroe Islands COVID-19 Recreational Football Study: Player-to-Player Distance, Body-to-Body Contact, Body-to-Ball Contact and Exercise Intensity during Various Types of Football Training for Both Genders and Various Age Groups 

      Mohr, Magni; Sjúrðarson, Tórur; Leifsson, Eli N.; Bredsgaard Randers Thomsen, Morten; Knudsen, Nikolas Sten; Thomasen, Manuel Mounir Demetry; Panduro, Jeppe; Larsen, Malte Nejst; Andersen, Thomas Bull; Krustrup, Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-17)
      We determined player-to-player distance, body-to-ball contact, and exercise intensity during three training modalities in various football populations. 213 participants were recruited, ranging from 9-year-old boys to young men and 11-year-old girls to middleaged women. All groups were analysed with video-filming and GPS-based Polar Pro monitors during three types of football training for 20 min, ...
    • Underwater Hyperspectral Imaging of Arctic Macroalgal Habitats during the Polar Night Using a Novel Mini-ROV-UHI Portable System 

      Summers, Natalie; Johnsen, Geir; Mogstad, Aksel Alstad; Løvås, Håvard; Fragoso, Glaucia Moreira; Berge, Jørgen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-09)
      We describe an Underwater Hyperspectral Imager (UHI) deployed on an instrumentcarrying platform consisting of two interconnected mini-ROVs (Remotely Operated Vehicle) for the mapping and monitoring of Arctic macroalgal habitats in Kongsfjorden (Svalbard) during the Polar Night. The mini-ROV-UHI system is easy to transport, assemble and deploy from shore, even under the dark, icy and cold conditions ...
    • The Training Characteristics of World-Class Distance Runners: An Integration of Scientific Literature and Results-Proven Practice 

      Haugen, Tommy; Sandbakk, Øyvind; Seiler, Stephen; Tønnessen, Espen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-01)
      In this review we integrate the scientifc literature and results-proven practice and outline a novel framework for understanding the training and development of elite long-distance performance. Herein, we describe how fundamental training characteristics and well-known training principles are applied. World-leading track runners (i.e., 5000 and 10,000 m) and marathon specialists participate in 9±3 ...
    • Ultra-Cheap Renewable Energy as an Enabling Technology for Deep Industrial Decarbonization via Capture and Utilization of Process CO2 Emissions 

      Bin Afif, Mohammed; Bin Afif, Abdulla Shaikh Abdul Qader; Apostorleris, Harry; Gandhi, K; Dadlani, Anup; Ghaferi, AA; Torgersen, Jan; Chiesa, Matteo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-17)
      Rapidly declining costs of renewable energy technologies have made solar and wind the cheapest sources of energy in many parts of the world. This has been seen primarily as enabling the rapid decarbonization of the electricity sector, but low-cost, low-carbon energy can have a great secondary impact by reducing the costs of energy-intensive decarbonization efforts in other areas. In this study, ...
    • Prospects of Low Trophic Marine Aquaculture Contributing to Food Security in a Net Zero-Carbon World 

      Krause, Gesche; Le Vay, Lewis; Buck, Bela H.; Costa-Pierce, Barry A.; Dewhurst, Tobias; Heasman, Kevin; Nevejan, Nancy; Nielsen, Pernille; Nielsen, Kåre Nolde; Park, Kyungil; Schupp, Maximilian; Thomas, Jean-Baptiste; Troell, Max; Webb, Julie; Wrange, Anna-Lisa; Ziegler, Friedrike; Strand, Åsa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-26)
      To limit compromising the integrity of the planet, a shift is needed towards food production with low environmental impacts and low carbon footprint. How to put such transformative change towards sustainable food production whilst ensuring food security into practice remains a challenge and will require transdisciplinary approaches. Combining expertise from natural- and social sciences as well as ...
    • Prevalence and Self-Perceived Experiences With the Use of Hormonal Contraceptives Among Competitive Female Cross-Country Skiers and Biathletes in Norway: The FENDURA Project 

      Engseth, Tina Pettersen; Andersson, Erik P; Solli, Guro Strøm; Morseth, Bente; Thomassen, Tor Oskar; Noordhof, Dionne; Sandbakk, Øyvind; Welde, Boye (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-14)
      Purpose: To investigate the prevalence of hormonal contraceptive (HC) use by female cross-country (XC) skiers and biathletes competing at a national and/or international level, their reasons for HC use, and to compare negative symptoms related to the HC-/menstrual cycle in HC users and non-HC users. Additionally, to characterize the self-perceived influence of HC use on training and performance.<p ...
    • Trans–Cis Kinetic Study of Azobenzene-4,4′-dicarboxylic Acid and Aluminium and Zirconium Based Azobenzene-4,4′-dicarboxylate MOFs 

      Mogale, Refilwe; Conradie, Jeanet; Langner, Ernst H. G. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-17)
      Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) are porous hybrid crystalline materials that consist of organic linkers coordinated to metal centres. The trans–cis isomerisation kinetics of the azobenzene4,4´ -dicarboxylic acid (AZB(COOH)<sub>2</sub> ) precursor, as well as the Al<sup>3+</sup> (Al-AZB)- and Zr<sup>4+</sup> (Zr-AZB)- based MOFs with azobenzene-4,4´ -dicarboxylate linkers, are presented. The ...
    • Nitrate and nitrite contamination in drinking water and cancer risk: A systematic review with meta-analysis 

      Picetti, Roberto; Deeney, Megan; Pastorino, Silvia; Miller, Mark R.; Shah, Anoop; Leon, David A.; Dangour, Alan D.; Green, Rosemary (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-22)
      Background: Pollution of water sources, largely from wide-scale agricultural fertilizer use has resulted in nitrate and nitrite contamination of drinking water. The effects on human health of raised nitrate and nitrite levels in drinking water are currently unclear.<p> <p>Objectives: We conducted a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature on the association of nitrate and nitrite in drinking ...
    • Limited association between infections, autoimmune disease and genetic risk and immune activation in severe mental disorders 

      Werner, Maren Caroline Frogner; Wirgenes, Katrine Verena; Shadrin, Alexey; Lunding, Synve Hoffart; Rødevand, Linn; Hjell, Gabriela; Ormerod, Monica; Haram, Marit; Agartz, Ingrid; Djurovic, Srdjan; Melle, Ingrid; Aukrust, Pål; Ueland, Thor; Andreassen, Ole; Steen, Nils Eiel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-19)
      Background: Low-grade inflammation may be part of the underlying mechanism of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. We investigated if genetic susceptibility, infections or autoimmunity could explain the immune activation.<p> <p<Methods: Seven immune markers were selected based on indicated associations to severe mental disorders (IL1Ra, sIL-2R, IL-18, sgp130, sTNFR-1, APRIL, ICAM-1) and measured ...
    • Improving the relationships between Indigenous rights holders and researchers in the Arctic: an invitation for change in funding and collaboration 

      Henriksen, Jan-Erik; Kramvig, Britt; Doering, Nina; Dudeck, Stephan; Elverum, Shelly; Fisher, Charleen; Herrmann, Thora Martina; Laptander, Rosa; Milton, Justin; Omma, Elle Merete; Saxinger, Gertrude; Scheepstra, Annette J. M.; Wilson, Katherine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-10)
      Truly transdisciplinary approaches are needed to tackle the complex problems that the Arctic is facing at the moment. Collaboration between Indigenous rights holders and researchers through co-creative research approaches can result in high-quality research outcomes, but crucially also address colonial legacies and power imbalances, enhance mutual trust, and respect the rights of Indigenous ...
    • Colours and maps for communicating natural hazards to users with and without colour vision deficiency 

      Engeset, Rune Verpe; Pfuhl, Gerit; Orten, Camilla; Hendrikx, Jordy; Hetland, Audun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-14)
      Natural hazards are often communicated visually using colours and maps. However, users' ability to read and understand these products may be hampered by e.g., colour vision deficiency, potentially rendering the products less effective or even counter effective. To study these effects, we conducted two web-based surveys and analysed how to improve visual communication of avalanches, floods, landslides, ...
    • Emergency Craniotomy and Burr-Hole Trephination in a Low-Resource Setting: Capacity Building at a Regional Hospital in Cambodia 

      Hu, Jingjing; Sokh, Vannara; Nguon, Sophy; Heng, Yang Van; Husum, Hans; Xu, Shanshan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-26)
      To evaluate the teaching effect of a trauma training program in emergency cranial neurosurgery in Cambodia on surgical outcomes for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We analyzed the data of TBI patients who received emergency burr-hole trephination or craniotomy from a prospective, descriptive cohort study at the Military Region 5 Hospital between January 2015 and December 2016. TBI ...
    • Maritime Cyber Simulator Scenario Workshop report 

      Erstad, Erlend; Larsen, Marie Haugli; Lund, Mass Soldal; Ostnes, Runar (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022)
      The 7th of December 2021, the Maritime Cyber Resilience (MarCy) project held a Cyber Simulator Scenario workshop aiming to create a fundament for training to enhance operational maritime cyber resilience. MarCy is a research project collaboration, between the academic partners Norwegian University for Science and Technology (NTNU), Norwegian Defence University College (NDUC), and the industry ...
    • Geomagnetically induced currents in a Norwegian transformer station 

      Solheim, Kristian Thinn; Mo, Olve; Johnsen, Magnar Gullikstad (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022-05-11)
      This report considers measurements of geomagnetically induced current (GIC) and comparison to recorded variations in the geomagnetic field (dB/dt). The GIC-sensors were installed in the neutral point of a 420 kV transformer located in Mid-Norway in 2019. The magnetometers (for dB/dt) are also located in Mid-Norway, but at another location. Recordings up to December 2021 are presented in this report. ...
    • Aktivitet og fellesskap blant eldre - Erfaringer med sosial omsorg i Steigen og Tana/Deatnu 

      Eggebø, Helga; Bikova, Mariya Stoyanova; Stubberud, Elisabeth; Skogøy, Bjørg Eva (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022)
      I denne rapporten presenterer vi funn fra det offentlige innovasjonsprosjektet «Aktiv og meningsfylt hverdag: Mot en modell for ivaretakelse av sosiale omsorgsbehov i norske kommuner». I prosjektet har Steigen kommune, Tana/ Deatnu kommune, Nordlandsforskning og Høgskolen på Vestlandet samarbeidet om å finne ut hvordan kommunene kan legge bedre til rette for aktivitet og fellesskap. Det ...
    • TA 2020/25 Krigsmonumentet i kirkeparken i Tromsø. Flytting av minnestøtte i Kirkeparken, Tromsø kommune 

      Hesjedal, Anders; Jørgensen, Erlend Kirkeng (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022-02-10)
      I forbindelse med flytting av krigsmonumentet i Kirkeparken i Tromsø ble det foretatt graving under arkeologisk overvåkning. Det ble gravd et rektangulært område 5,4mx4,6mx0,8m til fundamentet for monumentet. Det ble avdekket spor etter tidlig 1900-tall aktivitet, men ingen automatisk fredede kulturminner.
    • Synthesis of aromatic lactone analogues of Lipoxin A4 

      Ismael, Aya; Zeeshan, Muhammad; Hansen, Jørn H (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-09)
      Objective: Synthesis of novel aromatic Lipoxin A4 lactone analogues. <p><p>Results: Novel para-substituted aromatic lactone analogues of Lipoxin A4 have been synthesized in a convergent manner with six steps in the longest linear sequence in 12–13% yields, employing 2-deoxy-d-ribose as a chiral pool starting material and the classical E-selective Wittig olefnation.