Now showing items 1-20 of 2794

    • Krisebevissthet og medisinsk leseevne 

      Eriksen, Thor Eirik; Ekeland, Tor Johan; Getz, Linn Okkenhaug; Sørbø, Jan Inge; Ulvestad, Elling; Vetlesen, Arne Johan; Kirkengen, Anna Luise (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-09-14)
      Faget medisin har gradvis blitt mer avhengig av teknologi på måter som forsterker objektiveringen av mennesket. For pasienten handler dette i økende grad om å bli isolert fra en større kontekst og delt i fragmenter. Vi påpeker at denne utviklingen er beslektet med en distansering til, og tingliggjøring av, naturen. Denne utviklingens etiske implikasjoner fordrer på begge områder besinnelse, tenksomhet, ...
    • En lære-å-lære-intervensjon for førsteårsstudenter. Erfaringer fra en pilot for helseprofesjonsstudenter. 

      Bjørnsdatter, Oda; Sæle, Rannveig Grøm; Låg, Torstein; Borch, Iris Helene (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2024-02-15)
      Mange studenter bruker uhensiktsmessig mye tid på ineffektive måter å lære på, og vi ønsket å gjøre noe med dette. En lære-å-lære-intervensjon ble pilotert høsten 2023 på et fellesemne på førsteåret for 600 helseprofesjonsstudenter fra 12 ulike studieprogrammer og med 40 involverte veiledere fra ulike studieprogram. Vi utformet intervensjonen med utgangspunkt i KBCP-rammeverket (McDaniel& Einstein, 2020).
    • Methadone pharmacokinetics in opioid agonist treatment: Influencing factors and clinical implications 

      Chalabianloo, Fatemeh; Fadnes, Lars T.; Johansson, Kjell Arne; Høiseth, Gudrun; Vold, Jørn Henrik; Kringen, Marianne K.; Spigset, Olav; Bramness, Jørgen Gustav (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-12-20)
      Background: A considerable inter-individual variability has been reported in the relationship between methadone doses applied and serum concentrations achieved in methadone maintenance treatment. However, the underlying causes for this variability are not fully understood.<p> <p>Objectives: We investigated the influence of genetic, pathophysiological and pharmacological factors on serum methadone ...
    • Åpne undervisningsressurser og generiske ferdigheter illustrert: The DocEnhance Data StewardshipCourse 

      Haugstvedt, Noortje Dijkstra; Andreassen, Helene Nordgård; Hansen, Poul Henning Gustaf; Longva, Leif Ståle (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2024-02-15)
      Lenke til pdf av posteren: https://zenodo.org/doi/10.5281/zenodo.10670455 DocEnhance Data Stewardship Course gir en grunnleggende gjennomgang av teori og beste praksis innen forskningsdatahåndtering. Alle deler av livssyklusen til forskningsdata blir gjennomgått: planlegging, innsamling/generering, strukturering, lagring, dokumentering, arkivering og deling (så åpent som mulig og så lukket som ...
    • Laparoscopic versus open liver resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: amulticenter propensity score-matched study 

      Sahakyan, Mushegh; Aghayan, Davit; Edwin, Bjørn von Gohren; Alikhanov, Ruslan; Britskaia, Natalia; Brudvik, Kristoffer Watten; D’Hondt, Mathieu; De Meyere, Celine; Efanov, Mikhail; Fretland, Åsmund Avdem; Hoff, Rune; Ismail, Warsan; Ivanecz, Arpad; Kazaryan, Airazat M.; Lassen, Kristoffer; Magdalenic, Tomislav; Parmentier, Isabelle; Røsok, Bård Ingvald; Villanger, Olaug; Yakub, Sheraz (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-11-14)
      Background - The role of laparoscopy in the treatment of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) remains unclear. This multicenter study examined the outcomes of laparoscopic liver resection for ICC.<p> <p>Methods - Patients with ICC who had undergone laparoscopic or open liver resection between 2012 and 2019 at four European expert centers were included in the study. Laparoscopic and open approaches ...
    • Relativistic Real-Time Methods 

      Kadek, Marius; Konecny, Lukas; Repisky, Michal (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2023-10-25)
      Recent advances in laser technology enable to follow electronic motion at its natural time-scale with ultrafast pulses, leading the way towards atto- and femtosecond spectroscopic experiments of unprecedented resolution. Understanding of these laser-driven processes, which almost inevitably involve non-linear light-matter interactions and non-equilibrium electron dynamics, is challenging and requires ...
    • Klimaaftryk af overdiagnostik 

      Jønsson, Alexandra Brandt Ryborg; Brodersen, John (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-11-13)
      Det antages, at sundhedssektoren står for 4-5% af udledningen af drivhusgasser på verdensplan [1]. En del af klimaaftrykket kan mindskes politisk ved at gøre elektricitet og andre forsyninger mere bæredygtige. Ligeledes kan der med god og billig offentlig transport og høje benzin- og parkeringsafgifter mindskes, at ansatte, patienter og pårørende tager bilen. Organisatorisk kan vi f.eks. mindske ...
    • Neural networks to retrieve in water constituents applied to radiative transfer models simulating coastal water conditions 

      Hadjal, Madjid; Paterson, Ross; McKee, David (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-02-16)
      Estimation of chlorophyll (CHL) using ocean colour remote sensing (OCRS) signals in coastal waters is difficult due to the presence of two other constituents altering the light signal: coloured dissolved organic material (CDOM) and mineral suspended sediments (MSS). Artificial neural networks (NNs) have the capacity to deal with signal complexity and are a potential solution to the problem. Here ...
    • Arctic Pedagogy 

      Waterman-Evans, Louis (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-12-19)
      The concept of an ‘Arctic Pedagogy’ is enticing. Arctic branding sells: for example, UiT is not just the ‘University of Tromsø’ but also the ‘The Arctic University of Norway’. Moreover, research in Scotland as part of the ‘New Northern Pedagogies Project’ is now investigating “how the principles of Arctic Pedagogy can support teacher education provision across Scotland”. Such conversations invite ...
    • The DIAMAS Landscape Report 

      Frantsvåg, Jan Erik (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2024-02)
    • First Secretary Gierek, President Carter, and the president’s Polish interpreter: An analysis of an awkward diplomatic encounter based on new archival evidence 

      Chekin, Leonid S. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-10-05)
      President Jimmy Carter’s visit to Poland (29–31 December 1977) was the first stop on a nine-day long foreign trip that also took Carter to Iran, India, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, France, and Belgium. This was Carter’s first and only presidential visit to a nation in the Soviet bloc and his first personal encounter with a leader of a Communist government. His host, Edward Gierek, first secretary of the ...
    • Tracking Decisions about Granting Access to Health Data: Application Analysis and Requirements 

      Arbabi, Mohammad Salar; Da Conceiçao, Arlindo Flavio; Garrett, Thiago; Nygård, Jan Franz; Vitenberg, Roman (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2023-09-06)
      Medical research often requires access to sensitive personal health data. According to GDPR, such access is only possible under certain legal bases, such as consent. Verifiable and secure management of health data access is thus essential for promoting public trust in organizations that manage sensitive health data, for ensuring legal compliance, as well as for motivating patients to participate in ...
    • Kan urfolkskunnskap og kolonialiseringsbevissthet bidra til det grønne skiftet? 

      Henriksen, Jan-Erik; Larsen, Tone (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2023)
      Samene har i lang tid bebodd og hatt tilknytning til det karrige arktiske landskapet. Kan disse erfaringene være et bidrag i bærekraftig utvikling og det grønne skiftet? I dette kapitlet tar vi utgangspunkt i det tradisjonelle samiske begrepet «birget» som kan oversettes til det «å klare seg selv». Birget handler om å livberge seg med det naturen byr på. Ikke nytte mer enn man trenger, og å klare ...
    • Helhetlige tjenester til utsatte barn, unge og deres familier – evaluering av tiltakene i Pilot for programfinansiering i Trøndelag og Vestfold og Telemark 

      Waldahl, Ragnhild Holmen; Skogøy, Bjørg Eva (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2024)
      Pilot for programfinansiering har gitt kommunene et økonomisk handlingsrom og initiativ til å utvikle helhetlige tjenester til utsatte barn og unge og deres familier. I flere av kommunene har det skjedd en betydelig kulturendring. Ledelsen og ansatte på tvers av tjenestene snakker ikke bare om viktigheten av tverrfaglig samarbeid, de har også begynt å endre praksis. Dette betyr at kommunene tilbyr ...
    • Evolution of H<inf>2</inf>O content in deforming quartz aggregates: An experimental study 

      Stunitz, Holger; Raimbourg, H.; Nègre, L.; Précigout, J.; Jollands, M.; Pongrac, P.; Jeřabek, P.; Gies, N.; Lüder, M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-12-10)
      Deformation experiments were carried out on pure quartzite samples (>99% quartz) with a grain size of ∼200 μm from Tana, Northern Norway. Deformation conditions were 900 °C, 0.1 wt% H2O added, strain rate ∼1 × 10<sup>−6</sup> s<sup>−1</sup> at variable confining pressures from 600 to 2000 MPa. Detailed FTIR measurements of H<sub>2</sub>O indicate that the H<sub>2</sub>O content in the grain boundary ...
    • Automated calibration for stability selection in penalised regression and graphical models: a multi-OMICs network application exploring the molecular response to tobacco smoking 

      Bodinier, Barbara; Filippi, Sarah; Nøst, Therese Haugdahl; Chiquet, Julien; Chadeau-Hyam, Marc (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-13)
      Stability selection represents an attractive approach to identify sparse sets of features jointly associated with an outcome in high-dimensional contexts. We introduce an automated calibration procedure via maximisation of an in-house stability score and accommodating a priori-known block structure (e.g. multi-OMIC) data. It applies to [Least Absolute Shrinkage Selection Operator (LASSO)] penalised ...
    • Cohort Profile Update: The Young-HUNT Study, Norway 

      Rangul, Vegar; Holmen, Turid Lingaas; Langhammer, Arnulf; Ingul, Jo Magne; Pape, Kristine; Fenstad, Jørn Søberg; Kvaløy, Kirsti (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-01)
    • The importance of features and exponents: Dissolving Feature Reassembly 

      Lohndal, Terje; Putnam, Michael T. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-01)
      Formal approaches tobi-and multilingual grammars rely on two important claims: (i)the grammatical architecture should be able to deal withmonoandbi-/multilingual data without any specific constraints for the latter, (ii)features play a pivotal role in accounting for patterns across and within grammars. In the present paper, it is argued that an exoskeletal approach to grammar, which clearly distinguishes ...
    • Modeling multilingual grammars: Constraints and predictions 

      Lohndal, Terje; Putnam, Michael T. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-01)
      We are grateful for the many thoughtful responses to our epistemological paper, ‘The importance of features and exponents: Dissolving Feature Reassembly’ (henceforth, L&P). It is impossible to do justice to all of the points that have been raised in this response; rather, we will focus on three main points which hopefully will address the most important comments and concerns that have been raised.
    • Ingrained city rhythms: flexible activity timing but more persistent circadian pace in urban birds 

      Mizumo Tomotani, Barbara; Timpen, Fabian; Spoelstra, Kamiel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-05-17)
      Urbanization dramatically increases the amount of light at night, which may disrupt avian circadian organization. We measured activity patterns of great tits breeding in the city and forest, and subsequently measured two clock properties of these birds under controlled conditions: tau (endogenous circadian clock speed) and after-effects (history dependency of the clock relative to previous conditions). ...