Now showing items 21-40 of 1784

    • Oxygen and hydrogen stable isotopes as recharge indicators, Central Nile Delta Quaternary aquifer, Egypt 

      Salem, Zenhom El-Said; Elnahrawy, Abdelaziz M.; Abdelrahman, Kamal; Fnais, Mohammed S.; Abu-Alam, Tamer (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-19)
      This work aims to utilize oxygen and hydrogen stable isotopes as tracers for determining the groundwater sources of recharge in the central Nile delta. The analyzed water samples were collected from canals and drains as surface water, soil water and shallow, intermediate and deep zones of the groundwater. The isotopic data indicated that surface water samples have higher isotopic content than recent ...
    • Excess mortality in Russia and its regions compared to high income countries: An analysis of monthly series of 2020 

      Timonin, Sergey; Klimkin, Ilya; Shkolnikov, Vladimir M.; Andreev, Evgeny; McKee, Martin; Leon, David A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-21)
      Background: Russia has been portrayed in media as having one of the highest death tolls due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the world. However, the precise scale of excess mortality is still unclear. We provide the first estimates of excess mortality in Russia as a whole and its regions in 2020, placing this in an international context. Methods: We used monthly death rates for Russia and 83 regions ...
    • Building a research data archive - what flavour should it be? 

      Hasan, Adil; Conzett, Philipp (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2022-06)
      The Sigma2 Research Data Archive in Norway has been running for more than 7 years and has accumulated more than 500TiB of data distributed over more than 400 datasets. Some datasets have been downloaded more than 600 times since their deposit. During this time, we have seen the needs of our researchers change as their experience with data management has matured. To address these needs, a project ...
    • Updates from the Global Dataverse Community Consortium (GDCC) 

      Conzett, Philipp; Crabtree, Jonathan; Myers, James (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2022)
    • Forskningsintegritet og åpen vitenskap i ph.d.undervisningen: Praktiske spørsmål og etisk refleksjon. 

      Andreassen, Helene N.; Arnesen, Sondre Strandskog; Bertheussen, Lene Elisabeth; Ebeltoft, Nini; Ekanger, Aysa; Faber, Hege Charlotte; Grote, Michael; Lönn-Stensrud, Jessica; Lorentz, Marta; Låg, Torstein; Moltubakk, Stine Thordarson; Seland, Eli Heldaas; Strøm, Herman; Sundstøl, Shea Allison; Søvik, Margrethe Bakstad (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2022-06)
    • The impact of COVID-19 on European tourists' attitudes to air travel and the consequences for tourist destination evoked set formation 

      Gallego, Inma; Font aulet, Xavier; González-Rodríguez, M. Rosario (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-10)
      We study how risk conditions derived from the COVID-19 pandemic may impact on both the desire to travel and intention to visit of tourists and, therefore, on different stages of the destination choice process. We analyse 5134 million flight searches and 379 million flight picks during 2020 for the 17 largest European tourism source markets. An unweighted index number is employed to measure the ...
    • Looking for Common Ground: Marine Living Resource Development in Alaska and Northern Norway in the Context of the Blue Economy 

      Tsiouvalas, Apostolos; Stoeva, Gergana; Raspotnik, Andreas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-30)
      Although the concept of the blue economy was created by the Small Island Developing States, its relevance extends to any coastal region around the globe, making the engagement of both state and corporate actors imperative. At the core of the blue economy framework stands the incorporation of ocean values and services into economic modeling and governance. Sustainable fisheries and aquaculture are ...
    • Storylines in public news media about mathematics education and minoritized students 

      Andersson, Annica; Ryan, Ulrika; Herbel-Eisenmann, Beth; Huru, Hilja Lisa; Wagner, David Richard (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-02)
      Public media both refects and shapes societal perceptions and attitudes. Teachers and others around students in mathematics classrooms have expectations for the students, projected with what appears in these media. We are most concerned about the expectations placed on students who are identifed with minoritized groups—particularly students who are Indigenous or migrated to Norway. We investigate ...
    • Active Learning for Library Academic Skills Education 

      Msomphora, Mbachi Ruth (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2022-04-21)
    • Active and passive transductions - Definitions and implications for learning 

      Svensson, Kim; Campos, Esmeralda; Eriksson, Urban (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-21)
      To move between different semiotic systems, such as graphs and formulas, is a necessary step in learning physics or solving problems. In social semiotics, this movement of semiotic material is called a transduction and during a transduction a student must unpack, filter, and highlight different aspects of the concept or problem. Unpacking, filtering, and highlighting have been shown to be important ...
    • Across time and space: Examiner and candidate experiences of online doctoral vivas 

      Wisker, Gina; Highman, Ludovic; Spronken-Smith, Rachel; Waghorne, Joseph (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-11)
      Many countries have doctoral viva examinations, mostly conducted in-person until the COVID-19 pandemic. This article explores the changing processes and experiences of doctoral vivas forced online, from the perspectives of three examiners (two Uk, one NZ) and one recent candidate (UK). It sheds light on remote viva examinations exploring experiences of examination rigour, opportunities to evidence ...
    • Eliciting false auditory perceptions using speech frequencies and semantic priming: a signal detection approach 

      Laloyaux, Julien; Hirnstein, Marco; Specht, Karsten; Giersch, Anne; Larøi, Frank (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-04)
      Introduction - Individuals experiencing auditory hallucinations (AH) tend to perceive voices when exposed to random noise. However, the factors driving this tendency remain unclear. The present study examined the interaction of a top-down (expectations) and bottom-up (type of noise) process to better understand the mechanisms that underlie AH.<p> <p>Methods - Fifty-two healthy individuals (29 ...
    • Sámi Traditional Knowledge of Reindeer Meat Smoking 

      Krarup Hansen, Kia; Sara, Ravdna Biret Marja Eira; Smuk, Inger Anita; Brattland, Camilla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-25)
      Reindeer meat, traditional food and knowledge are vital for the culture, health, and economy of Sámi reindeer herders. Nevertheless, the practices of reindeer meat smoking have barely been part of scientific research or reindeer herding management. We investigated Sámi reindeer herders’ approach to meat smoking in Northern Norway performed in the traditional Sámi tent, the lávvu. The investigation ...
    • Synthesis of substituted (N,C) and (N,C,C) Au(iii) complexes: the influence of sterics and electronics on cyclometalation reactions 

      Hylland, Knut Tormodssønn; Schmidtke, Inga; Wragg, David Stephen; Nova, Ainara; Tilset, Mats (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-04)
      Cyclometalated Au(III) complexes are of interest due to their catalytic, medicinal, and photophysical properties. Herein, we describe the synthesis of derivatives of the type (N,C)Au(OAcF)2 (OAcF = trifluoroacetate) and (N,C,C)AuOAcF by a cyclometalation route, where (N,C) and (N,C,C) are chelating 2-arylpyridine ligands. The scope of the synthesis is explored by substituting the 2-arylpyridine core ...
    • Seeing minds – a signal detection study of agency attribution along the autism-psychosis continuum 

      Lisøy, Rebekka Solvik; Biegler, Robert; Ebad Fardzadeh, Haghish; Veckenstedt, Ruth; Moritz, Steffen; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-17)
      Introduction - Diametrically aberrant mentalising biases, namely hypermentalising in psychosis and hypomentalising in autism, are postulated by some theoretical models. To test this hypothesis, we measured psychotic-like experiences, autistic traits and mentalising biases in a visual chasing paradigm.<p> <p>Methods - Participants from the general population (N = 300) and psychotic patients (N=26) ...
    • Interprofessional care for the ICU patient’s family: solitary teamwork 

      Nygaard, Anne Mette; Haugdahl, Hege Selnes; Brinchmann, Berit Støre; Lind, Ranveig (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-13)
      The aim of this study was to explore how interprofessional family care by ICU teams was reflected in their daily work. Data were collected from four ICUs in Norway. Fieldwork and focus groups with ICU nurses and physicians were conducted in addition to dyadic and individual interviews of surgeons and internists. In line with a constructivist grounded theory approach, the core category “solitary ...
    • Geographical variation in ADHD: do diagnoses refect symptom levels? 

      Widding-Havneraas, Tarjei; Markussen, Simen; Elwert, Felix; Lyhmann, Ingvild; Bjelland, Ingvar; Halmøy, Anne; Chaulagain, Ashmita; Ystrøm, Eivind; Mykletun, Arnstein; Zachrisson, Henrik Daae (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-18)
      Rates of ADHD diagnosis vary across regions in many countries. However, no prior study has investigated how much within-country geographic variation in ADHD diagnoses is explained by variation in ADHD symptom levels. We examine whether ADHD symptom levels explain variation in ADHD diagnoses among children and adolescents using nationwide survey and register data in Norway. Geographical variation in ...
    • High abundances of small copepods early developmental stages and nauplii strengthen the perception of a non-dormant Arctic winter 

      Barth-Jensen, Coralie Marie Christine; Daase, Malin; Ormańczyk, M.R.; Varpe, Øystein; Kwaśniewski, Sławomir; Svensen, Camilla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-15)
      The traditional view is that the Arctic polar night is a quiescent period for marine life, but recent reports of high levels of feeding and reproduction in both pelagic and benthic taxa have challenged this. We examined the zooplankton community present in Svalbard fjords, coastal waters, and the shelf break north of Svalbard, during the polar night. We focused on the population structure of abundant ...
    • Trends in Hip Fracture Incidence, Length of Hospital Stay, and 30-Day Mortality in Sweden from 1998–2017: A Nationwide Cohort Study 

      Nordström, Peter; Bergman, Jonathan; Ballin, Marcel; Nordström, Anna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-15)
      In this nationwide cohort study, we investigated trends in hip fracture incidence, hospital length of stay (LOS), and 30-day mortality after admission in Sweden. The cohort included all individuals in Sweden aged ≥ 50 years with a first hip fracture diagnosis during 1998–2017 (N = 313,761). The outcomes were hip fracture incidence and 30-day mortality. The results showed that the incidence of hip ...
    • Whole-body MRI in children aged 6–18 years. Reliability of identifying and grading high signal intensity changes within bone marrow 

      Zadig, Pia Karin Karlsen; von Brandis, Elisabeth; d’Angelo, Paola; Tanturri de Horatio, Laura; Müller, Lil-Sofie Ording; Rosendahl, Karen; Avenarius, Derk Frederik Matthaus (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-21)
      Background - Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is increasingly being used in children, however, to date there are no studies addressing the reliability of the findings.<p> <p>Objective - To examine intra- and interobserver reliability of a scoring system for assessment of high signal areas within the bone marrow, as visualized on T2-weighted, fat-saturated images.<p> <p>Materials and ...