Now showing items 41-60 of 2856

    • Exploring Earthly relations through curiography 

      Valtonen, Anu; Salmela, Tarja (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2023-01-24)
      Recognizing that humans inhabit Earth with multiple others and that humans have worsened opportunities for life on Earth calls for a reassessment of the research practices through which the world is explored. The development of more-than-human methodologies is underway, as reflected in the emergence of more-than-human or multispecies ethnographies. However, leaning on ethnography as a methodological ...
    • Arctic HARE: A Machine Learning-Based System for Performance Analysis of Cross-Country Skiers 

      Nordmo, Tor-Arne Schmidt; Riegler, Michael; Dagenborg, Håvard Johansen; Johansen, Dag (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2023-03-31)
      Advances in sensor technology and big data processing enable new and improved performance analysis of sport athletes. With the increase in data variety and volume, both from on-body sensors and cameras, it has become possible to quantify the specific movement patterns that make a good athlete. This paper describes Arctic Human Activity Recognition on the Edge (Arctic HARE): a skiing-technique training ...
    • Coagulopathy and adverse outcomes in hospitalized patients with COVID-19: results from the NOR-Solidarity trial 

      Ueland, Thor; Michelsen, Annika Elisabet; Tveita, Anders; Kåsine, Trine; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Finbråten, Ane-Kristine; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Skjønsberg, Ole Henning; Mathiessen, Alexander; Nezvalova-Henriksen, Katerina; Trøseid, Marius; Aaløkken, Trond Mogens; Halvorsen, Bente; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Aukrust, Pål (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-12-07)
      Background - Several studies have examined parameters of increased thrombogenicity in COVID-19, but studies examining their association with long-term outcome and potential effects of antiviral agents in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 are scarce.<p> <p>Objectives - To evaluate plasma levels of hemostatic proteins during hospitalization in relation to disease severity, treatment modalities, ...
    • Hva slags medisinsk behandling fikk Fruen fra Havet? 

      Bramness, Jørgen Gustav (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023)
      Fruen fra Havet handler om Ellida Wangels psykiske krise og dens løsning. Hennes mann, legen Johannes Wangel, framstår som bekymret og omsorgsfull. Det antydes at han gir henne medisiner, men det nevnes ikke hvilke. Mange har ment at Ibsen i stykket foregriper Freuds «snakkekur» med flere år. I denne artikkelen utforsker jeg de psykiske problemene Ellida har, hvilke legemidler det kunne være snakk ...
    • Northern Svalbard Composite Tectono-Sedimentary Element 

      Smelror, Morten; Olaussen, Snorre; Dumais, Marie-Andrée; Grundvåg, Sten-Andreas; Abay, Tesfamariam Berhane (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-03-11)
      The Northern Svalbard Composite Tectono-Sedimentary Element (CTSE) comprises Proterozoic, Early Paleozoic, and Devonian sedimentary rocks preserved in northern Svalbard and on the adjacent shelf margin. Here, the sedimentary strata of the CTSE are preserved between complexes of metamorphic and crystalline basement rocks. The Northern Svalbard CTSE covers four main tectonostratigraphic elements: ...
    • Matroid Stratifications of Hypergraph Varieties, Their Realization Spaces, and Discrete Conditional Independence Models 

      Clarke, Oliver; Grace, Kevin; Mohammadi, Fatemeh; Motwani, Harshit J. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-11-01)
      We study varieties associated to hypergraphs from the point of view of projective geometry and matroid theory. We describe their decompositions into matroid varieties, which may be reducible and can have arbitrary singularities by the Mnëv–Sturmfels universality theorem. We focus on various families of hypergraph varieties for which we explicitly compute an irredundant irreducible decomposition. Our ...
    • Characteristics of music therapy with beneficial impacts on agitation in dementia 

      Kristiansen, Frode Aass; Stige, Brynjulf; Helle-Valle, Anna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-07-01)
      Several reviews in recent years have reported evidence of the effect of music on the serious problem of agitation in dementia. Some reviews draw different conclusions, however, which actualizes the need for studies that examine characteristics of music therapy with beneficial impacts on agitation. In an instrumental case study, documented through qualitative interviews, recordings of group meetings, ...
    • Deep Optical Coding Design in Computational Imaging: A data-driven framework 

      Arguello, Henry; Bacca, Jorge; Kariyawasam, Hasindu; Vargas, Edwin; Marquez, Miguel; Hettiarachchi, Ramith; Garcia, Hans; Herath, Kithmini; Haputhanthri, Udith; Ahluwalia, Balpreet Singh; So, Peter; Wadduwage, Dushan N.; Edussooriya, Chamira U.S. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-02-27)
      Computational optical imaging (COI) systems leverage optical coding elements (CEs) in their setups to encode a high-dimensional scene in a single or in multiple snapshots and decode it by using computational algorithms. The performance of COI systems highly depends on the design of its main components: the CE pattern and the computational method used to perform a given task. Conventional approaches ...
    • Nature-Made Economy: Cod, capital and the great economization of the ocean 

      Asdal, Kristin; Huse, Tone (Book; Bok, 2023)
      An exploration of the economization of the ocean through the small modifications that enable great transformations of nature.<p> <p>The ocean is the site of an ongoing transformation that is aimed at creating new economic opportunities and prosperity. In Nature-Made Economy, Kristin Asdal and Tone Huse explore how the ocean has been harnessed to become a space of capital investment and innovation, ...
    • Product forms and price transmission in major European salmon markets 

      Straume, Hans-Martin; Asche, Frank; Landazuri-Tveteraas, Ursula; Misund, Bård; Pettersen, Ingrid Kristine; Zhang, Dengjun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-12-31)
      Product development is often an important component in increasing demand for successful aquaculture species. However, this topic has not received much attention due to limited data availability. In this paper, we investigate how the composition of salmon sales differ by product form by comparing the four largest European countries in terms of salmon consumption: France, Germany, Spain and the United ...
    • The societal impact of individual placement and support implementation on employment outcomes for young adults receiving temporary health-related welfare benefits: A difference-in-differences study 

      Brinchmann, Beate; Wittlund, Sina; Lorentzen, Thomas; Moe, Cathrine Fredriksen; McDaid, David; Killackey, Eoin; Rinaldi, Miles; Mykletun, Arnstein (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2024)
      <p><i>Background</i> Individual placement and support (IPS) is an evidence-based practice that helps individuals with mental illness gain and retain employment. IPS was implemented for young adults at a municipality level through a cross-sectoral collaboration between specialist mental healthcare, primary mental healthcare, and the government funded employment service (NAV). We investigated whether ...
    • The New European Medical Device Regulation: Balancing Innovation and Patient Safety 

      Bretthauer, Michael; Gerke, Sara; Hassan, Cesare; Ahmad, Omer F.; Mori, Yuichi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-04-18)
      The European Union has introduced stricter provisions for medical devices under the new Medical Device Regulation (MDR). The MDR increases requirements for clinical trial testing for many devices before they can legally be placed on the market and extends requirements for rigorous clinical surveillance of benefits and harms to the entire life cycle of devices. New “expert panels” have been established ...
    • Digital Significance 

      Sanchez Laws, Ana Luisa (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2024)
      This chapter proposes the idea of ‘digital significance’ as a governance and decision- making process for assessing the value of digital collections. This concept is inspired by Australian approaches to valuing heritage, which have had an important international impact in providing an alternative to the built-fabric conceptions of heritage (e.g., Venice Charter) that have dominated the field. ...
    • Generation of synthetic tabular healthcare data using generative adversarial networks 

      Nik, Alireza Hossein Zadeh; Riegler, Michael Alexander; Halvorsen, Pål; Storås, Andrea (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2023-03-29)
      High-quality tabular data is a crucial requirement for developing data-driven applications, especially healthcare-related ones, because most of the data nowadays collected in this context is in tabular form. However, strict data protection laws complicates the access to medical datasets. Thus, synthetic data has become an ideal alternative for data scientists and healthcare professionals to circumvent ...
    • Embracing prospects for reducing the numbers of animals used in aquaculture research 

      Lazado, Carlo C.; Ytteborg, Elisabeth; Noble, Christopher (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-29)
      The principles of three Rs-REPLACEMENT, REDUCTION, and REFINEMENT-govern the protection and use of animals, including fish, for research purposes in the European Union and Norway. In this paper, we discuss some straightforward steps to simplify the delivery of these principles at the idea stage and adapt some of these examples for conducting fish trials related to health and welfare. Although some ...
    • Factors that moderate global similarity in initial L<inf>3</inf> transfer. Intervocalic voiced stops in heritage Spanish/English bilinguals’ L<inf>3</inf> Italian 

      Cabrelli-Amaro, Jennifer; Pichan, K; Ward, J; Rothman, Jason; Serratrice, Ludovice (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-07-11)
      Much of the formal linguistic research on third language (L3) acquisition has focused on transfer source selection, with the overall finding that (global) structural similarity between the L1/L2 and L3 is the strongest predictor of initial transfer patterns. Recently, Cabrelli and Pichan (2021) reported data from the production of underlyingly intervocalic voiced stops in L3 Brazilian Portuguese ...
    • Flaskehalser i kornproduksjonen i Nord-Norge 

      Halland, Hilde (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2024-02-29)
      Through a literature study and stakeholder interviews factors affecting cereal production in northern Norway is investigated. Barriers and possibilities for increased production in the north is analyzed, establishing two main bottlenecks: 1. The economic situation for cereal production and 2. Lack of knowledge and familiarity with this production. Through this the report ends with eight inputs that ...
    • Intracolony variability in winter feeding and migration strategies of Atlantic puffins and black‑legged kittiwakes 

      Charrier, Julie; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho; Fort, Jérôme; Jessopp, Mark; Strøm, Hallvard; Espinasse, Boris Dristan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-23)
      Polar ecosystems are subjected to many stressors, including climate change, that impact their overall functioning. Seabirds are good bioindicators of these systems as they readily respond to changes in environmental conditions. To quantify how environmental changes afect their life history, data on seabird diet, spatial distribution and body condition are needed to reveal the underlying mechanisms. ...
    • Utviklingshemmede arbeidstakeres erfaringer med selvbestemmelse i overgangen til arbeid på ordinær arbeidsplass 

      Foss, Andrea B. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-06-08)
      Artikkelen utforsker hvordan personer med utviklingshemming opplever selvbestemmelse i prosessen mot arbeid på en ordinær arbeidsplass. Studien bygger på kvalitative intervju med fem arbeidstakere med utviklingshemming. Hensikten med studien var å få fram arbeidstakernes egne erfaringer i prosessen. Studiens hovedfunn er at alle arbeidstakerne mottok hjelp og støtte i denne prosessen og at deres ...
    • The cost of inflammatory bowel disease in high-income settings: a Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology Commission 

      Burisch, Johan; Zhao, Mirabella; Odes, Selwyn; De Cruz, Peter; Vermeire, Severine; Bernstein, Charles N; Kaplan, Gilaad G; Duricova, Dana; Greenberg, Dan; Melberg, Hans Olav; Watanabe, Mamoru; Ahn, Hyeong Sik; Targownik, Laura; Pittet, Valérie E H; Annese, Vito; Park, K.T.; Katsanos, Konstantinos H; Høivik, Marte Lie; Krznaric, Zeljko; Chaparro, María; Loftus, Edward V; Lakatos, Peter L; Gisbert, Javier P; Bemelman, Willem; Moum, Bjørn Allan; Gearry, Richard B; Kappelman, Michael D; Hart, Ailsa; Pierik, Marieke J; Andrews, Jane M; Ng, Siew C; D'Inca, Renata; Munkholm, Pia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-03-02)
      The cost of caring for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) continues to increase worldwide. The cause is not only a steady increase in the prevalence of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis in both developed and newly industrialised countries, but also the chronic nature of the diseases, the need for long-term, often expensive treatments, the use of more intensive disease monitoring ...